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Article (Scientific journals)
Le diabete: de la connaissance clinique a la preoccupation de sante publique.
Scheen, André 
2007 • In Journal de la Société de Biologie, 201 (2), p. 133-40
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Keywords :
Autoimmune Diseases/therapy; Diabetes Complications/classification/therapy; Diabetes Mellitus/therapy; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/therapy; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/prevention & control/therapy; France; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice; Humans; Public Health
Abstract :
[en] Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease whose prevalence is increasing worldwide. It remains associated with a high risk of severe complications, essentially micro- and macro-vascular complications. Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease that leads to the destruction of insulin-secreting B cells and therefore requires an intensive optimised exogenous insulin therapy. Type 2 diabetes is a polygenic disease whose expression is favoured by inadequate lifestyle, leading to obesity. It combines a relative insulin secretory defect and insulin resistance, the latter being associated with various other cardiovascular risk factors. Treatment consists of lifestyle modifications first, then the prescription of various glucose-lowering oral drugs and finally, when requested, insulin therapy. A multi-risk intervention is mandatory to improve the cardiovascular prognosis. The prevention of diabetes and its complications is a major public health objective.
Disciplines :
Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition
Author, co-author :
Scheen, André  ;  Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Diabétologie, nutrition et maladie métaboliques - Médecine interne générale
Language :
French
Title :
Le diabete: de la connaissance clinique a la preoccupation de sante publique.
Alternative titles :
[en] Diabetes mellitus: from clinical knowledge to public health concern
Publication date :
2007
Journal title :
Journal de la Société de Biologie
Publisher :
Société de Biologie, France
Volume :
201
Issue :
2
Pages :
133-40
Peer reviewed :
Peer Reviewed verified by ORBi
Commentary :
www.biologie-journal.org

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