Reference : Ureteral endometriosis: a complication of rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodules
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)
Ureteral endometriosis: a complication of rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodules
Donnez, Jacques [> >]
NISOLLE, Michelle mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Gynécologie-Obstétrique CHR >]
Squifflet, Jean [> >]
Fertility and Sterility
Yes (verified by ORBi)
New York
[en] Ureterohydronephrosis ; ureteral endometriosis ; rectovaginal adenomyosis ; ureterolysis
[en] Objective: To present data from 18 cases of ureteral endometriosis.

Design: Prospective clinical study.

Setting: Department of gynecology at a university hospital.

Patient(s): Four hundred and five patients with severe dysmenorrhea or deep dyspareunia due to a rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodule.

Intervention(s): Patients were prospectively evaluated using intravenous pyelography. All patients underwent laparoscopic surgery to remove rectovaginal adenomyosis and ureterolysis.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Presurgical and postsurgical evaluation and histologic analysis.

Result(s): Preoperative intravenous pyelography revealed ureteral stenosis with ureterohydronephrosis in 18 patients (4.4%). A significantly higher prevalence (11.2%) was observed in nodules ≥ 3 cm in diameter. Five women (20%) had complete ureteral stenosis. Kidney scintigraphy revealed damaged kidney parenchymal function, which ranged from 18% to 42%. Laparoscopic ureterolysis was done in 16 women; 2 women underwent ureteral resection and uretero-ureterostomy. A significant postoperative decrease in ureterohydronephrosis was noted in all patients; however, renal function improved only slightly.

Conclusion(s): Ureteral endometriosis was found in 4.4% of patients with rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodules. Ureterolysis and removal of associated adenomyotic lesions was sufficient therapy in most patients; two required resection of the ureteral stenotic segment. Intravenous pyelography should be performed in all women with rectovaginal nodules ≥ 3 cm to prevent nonreversible loss of renal function.

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