Reference : CO2 valorization by means of dielectric barrier discharge
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Engineering, computing & technology : Chemical engineering
CO2 valorization by means of dielectric barrier discharge
Machrafi, Hatim mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Thermodynamique des phénomènes irréversibles >]
Cavadias, S. [ > > ]
Amouroux, J. [ > > ]
The International Conference on High Technology Plasma Processes HTPP11
from 27-06-2010 to 02-07-2010
High Tech Plasma Processes
[en] CO2 valorization ; plasma
[en] In order to reduce atmospheric pollution by CO2 (by transport and industrial applications), CO2
can be used as a source, instead of stocking it as a product. The case considered is the reaction
between CO2 and methane producing hydrogen:
CO2 + CH4 2 CO + 2 H2 H° = 258.9 kJ/mole.
The activation barrier of this endothermic reaction needs to be surpassed. The method of
Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) can be used, needing less energy than heating or catalytic
pyrolysis. The process relies on the collision of electrons (forming reactive species), accelerated
under an electrical field in the discharge area, facilitating the abovementioned reaction.
The first step of the simulation in this work presents a 1D model in Matlab (Poisson equation,
conservation of electrons and ions), obtaining an average electron and ion density. This is then
introduced in a kinetic model of CH4/CO2 dissociation via electron collisions in the discharge
region (Reaction Engineering module in COMSOL). Then COMSOL (continuity and Navier-
Stokes equations) is used to model the flow in the post-discharge phase (reactions between
vibrationally excited CO2 and CH4). Preliminary calculations for a plasma reactor model show
that when the reactor wall is heated at 1000K, without electrical discharge, the decomposition of
CO2 is 7.5%. With electrical discharge, the same decomposition is attained at a lower
temperature, namely 880K.

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