Reference : Circadian Synchronization of Liver Regeneration in Adult Rats: The Role Played by Adr...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Genetics & genetic processes
Circadian Synchronization of Liver Regeneration in Adult Rats: The Role Played by Adrenal Hormones
Barbason, Hervé [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Médecine) >]
Bouzahzah, B. [> > > >]
Herens, Christian mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > PLAN COS >]
Marchandise, J. [> > > >]
Sulon, Joseph [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de sciences fonctionnelles > Physiologie de la reproduction >]
Van Cantfort, Jacques [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pharmacologie clinique >]
Cell and Tissue Kinetics
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] The role played by the adrenal hormones in the regulation of liver proliferation in adult rats was investigated under various experimental conditions. In untreated control groups, cell growth was very low and endogenous corticosterone levels showed a clearly-defined circadian rhythm with a peak in the evening. Adrenalectomy depressed the level of endogenous corticosterone immediately and the growth rate of the liver increased significantly. We were able to prevent this effect by repeated injections of corticosterone at physiological doses. After a 1/3 hepatectomy and a sham-operation, the corticosterone blood level maintained its normal circadian pattern with the exception of a transient increase during the first two post-operative hours. After a hepatectomy of this kind, a negative correlation was found to exist between the adrenal hormone level and the waves of DNA synthesis; the subsequent mitoses appeared in two successive circadian waves of decreasing amplitude, a maximum value being reached in the morning. In rats submitted to a 1/3 hepatectomy and an adrenalectomy simultaneously, the endogenous corticosterone level fell significantly after a post-operative peak. The regenerating pattern was completely different from that induced by 1/3 hepatectomy alone. The rise in the labelling index began earlier and rose to significantly higher values; it was then followed by a single large mitotic wave without any circadian rhythm. These results favour the hypothesis that adrenal hormones have a significant effect on the negative control of liver regeneration. Circadian changes in the corticosterone level were responsible for the nycthemeral pattern observed in the regenerating liver after a partial hepatectomy. The results show a marked inhibition of the G1-S transition, particularly in the evening, when the endogenous corticosterone concentration was at its highest. Also discussed is the relationship between corticoids and 'chalones', which synergetically inhibit the passage from G0 into the cell cycle.
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