Reference : Feasibility study of the diluted combustion in a semi-industrial boiler at low temper...
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Feasibility study of the diluted combustion in a semi-industrial boiler at low temperatures
SEGGIO, Giovanni [ > > ]
PESENTI, Barbara [ > > ]
LYBAERT, Paul [ > > ]
Ngendakumana, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'aérospatiale et mécanique > Thermotechnique >]
8th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers
8th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers
du 25 mars 2008 au 28 mars 2008
[en] Diluted combustion ; Boiler ; CFD study ; Direct injection ; Recirculation ; Mild combustion
[en] The diluted combustion (called also flameless oxidation) has been already applied in furnaces
technology to get high process thermal efficiency with low NOx emissions. The aim of this work is to assess the technical feasibility and highlight the specific problems of application of diluted combustion in a medium scale boiler. The main difficulty is due to the high geometrical confinement and heat losses of a typical boiler combustion chamber, which could prevent from getting the minimum level of reactants dilution and temperature needed to reach diluted combustion regime.
The idea is to perform direct injection of the air and the gas in the combustion chamber in order to get a high dilution of the reactants and a mixture temperature above the auto-ignition threshold. Our test bench consists in a Viessmann hot water boiler whose nominal output power is 370 kW. The combustion chamber of this boiler is cylindrical (length = 1.41 m, diameter = 0.56 m) and is watercooled.
A preliminary CFD study (Fluent ®) has first been performed to select on the market a jet burner (to be used for the preheating of the combustion chamber) and to determine the position of the air and gas injectors able to generate the requirements of diluted combustion. The selected burner has been purchased and fitted on the boiler. Then, the boiler-burner set has been characterized experimentally in normal combustion regime in order to adapt the boundary conditions to the heat balance. The temperature and the CO concentration will be measured in several locations in the combustion chamber at different firing rate and air excess. In short, the selected burner provides as expected the required preheating and the generated flame doesn’t impact the bottom of the combustion chamber.
The results obtained experimentally confirm the simulation results in normal combustion regime. The last part of this work will consist in the determination of the feasibility of the diluted combustion in this boiler.
Région wallonne : Direction générale des Technologies, de la Recherche et de l'Energie - DGTRE
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