Reference : Contribution of MX dynamin, oligoadenylate synthetase, and protein kinase R to anti-p...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Veterinary medicine & animal health
Contribution of MX dynamin, oligoadenylate synthetase, and protein kinase R to anti-paramyxovirus activity of type-1 interferons in vitro
Leroy, M. [ > > ]
Baise, Etienne mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > Macromolécules biologiques >]
Pire, G. [ > > ]
Desmecht, Daniel mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département de morphologie et pathologie > Pathologie spéciale et autopsies >]
American Journal of Veterinary Research
American Veterinary Medical Association
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of MX dynamin, oligoadenylate synthetase (OAS), and double-stranded RNA-dependent protein kinase R (PKR) to the antiviral effects of type 1 interferons (IFNs) against bovine parainfluenza-3 virus (PI-3V) infection of Vero cells. SAMPLE POPULATION: Vero cell cultures. PROCEDURES: PI-3V yield was first compared between control and transfected type 1 IFNs-incompetent Vero cells expressing recombinant OAS or MX proteins. Afterwards, phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 alpha (eIF2alpha) was used to scale the degree of PKR activation upon infection of Vero cells by PI-3V. RESULTS: Overexpression of OAS did not result in significantly decreased viral replication. Phosphorylated eIF2alpha forms, the hallmark of PKR activation, were not increased in IFNalpha-primed infected Vero cells. Although human MXA contributed to partial blockade of replication of bovine PI-3V, the antiviral effect was not as strong as that of IFNalpha. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The powerful anti-Paramyxovirus activity of type 1 IFNs is mediated by noncanonic pathways.
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