Reference : A model of the Lyman-alpha line profile in the proton aurora
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/27406
A model of the Lyman-alpha line profile in the proton aurora
English
Gérard, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Hubert, Benoît mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Bisikalo, Dimitry V [> > > >]
Shematovich, Valery I [> > > >]
1-Jul-2000
Journal of Geophysical Research
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
105
15795-15806
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0148-0227
2156-2202
Washington
DC
[en] Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Airglow and aurora ; Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Thermosphere-energy deposition ; Magnetospheric Physics: Auroral phenomena
[en] The Lyman-alpha auroral emission is characterized by a broad line profile whose shape depends on the energy and pitch angle distributions of the initial proton beam, whereas its total brightness reflects the proton energy flux precipitated into the auroral upper atmosphere. Global remote sensing of the proton aurora through its ultraviolet signature makes it is increasingly important to relate the characteristics of the Lyman-alpha emission to the physical properties of the precipitated proton flux. We present a numerical model of proton and hydrogen flux transport and kinetics based on the direct simulation Monte Carlo method. In this approach, all elastic and inelastic processes are stochastically simulated as well as is the production of Lyman-alpha photons with the associated Doppler velocity component. The model also includes collisional, geomagnetic, and geometric spreading of the proton-hydrogen beam. We show that consideration of the stochastic character of the H atom velocity redistribution after collisions produces line profiles different from those obtained in the strictly forward or mean scattering angle approximations previously used in proton transport codes. In particular, the predicted fraction of photons due to backscattered particles is considerably larger when stochastic collision scattering is considered than in the strictly forward or mean scattering angle approximations. In contrast to the median wavelength, the position of the peak in the line profile shows a weak inverse dependence on the proton energy. The efficiency of the Lyman-alpha photon production per unit incident energy flux significantly drops as the mean proton energy increases. The line profile and the amount of blue-shifted (for downward viewing) emission depends in a complex way on the initial energy and pitch angle distribution of the protons. The line profiles expected for the noon cusp and midnight proton aurora are shown to be significantly different.
Researchers ; Professionals ; Students
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/27406
also: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/27353
10.1029/1999JA002002
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000JGR...10515795G

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