Reference : Activity and Subcellular Distribution of Protein Kinase Dependent on Adenosine 3': 5'...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Activity and Subcellular Distribution of Protein Kinase Dependent on Adenosine 3': 5'-Monophosphate in Liver from Normal and Adrenalectomized Rats
Rousseau, Guy [ > > ]
Martial, Joseph mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > GIGA-R : Biologie et génétique moléculaire >]
De Visscher, M. [ > > ]
European Journal of Biochemistry
Blackwell Science
Yes (verified by ORBi)
United Kingdom
[en] kinase ; protein ; rat
[en] We have examined whether glucocorticoids control the activity and (or) the subcellular distribution of protein kinase dependent on cyclic AMP (adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate), since they influence cyclic-AMP-dependent responses to other hormones. Protein kinase activity was determined in rat liver homogenates and subcellular fractions, nuclear, large granular, microsomal and supernatant obtained by differential sedimentation in 0.25 M sucrose. 63% of the tissue protein kinase activity detected in absence of cyclic AMP reside in the particulate fractions. Upon addition of exogenous cyclic AMP, protein kinase activity is stimulated 1.8, 1.2, 1.2 and 4.5-fold in nuclear, large granular, microsomal and supernatant fractions, respectively. Under these conditions, 66% of tissue activity are found in the supernatant fraction. The activity sensitive to exogenous cyclic AMP resolves into a major (84%) cytosoluble and a minor (16%) nucleomicrosomal component. The latter activity resists elution with isotonic saline and is increased in the presence of Triton X-100. Three groups of rats were studied: control and adrenalectomized with or without cortisol treatment. In whole liver homogenates, both protein kinase activity detected in absence of exogenous cyclic AMP and sensitivity of the enzyme to cyclic AMP were comparable in all groups. Moreover, the distribution patterns of proteins kinase activity amoung the fractions were essentially the same in all groups of animals, whether or not particles had been treated with Triton X-100. Finally, in cell-free experiments, glucocorticoids alone or in combination with their intracellular receptor did not modify protein kinase activity of rat liver. Thus the results reported do not support the possibility that glucocorticoids influence cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase in rat liver. Yet, this study provides data, not available before, on subcellular distribution of this enzyme in rat liver.

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