Reference : Contribution of Peripheral Blood Pooling to Central Hemodynamic Disturbances During E...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : General & internal medicine
Contribution of Peripheral Blood Pooling to Central Hemodynamic Disturbances During Endotoxin Insult in Intact Dogs
D'Orio, Vincenzo mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences cliniques > Médecine d'urgence - bioch. et phys. hum. normales et path.]
Wahlen, C. [> > > >]
Naldi, Marco mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Pneumologie-Allergologie >]
Fossion, Anny [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Psycho et sc.éduc.) >]
Juchmes, J. [> > > >]
Marcelle, Roland [Université de Liège - ULiège > > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Médecine) >]
Critical Care Medicine
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] The aim of the present study was to determine possible effects of Escherichia coli endotoxin on peripheral vascular compliance and relate them to concomitant central hemodynamic disturbances. Endotoxin was infused at 0.25 micrograms/kg.min during 2 h in six anesthetized dogs, while six additional animals served as controls. Vascular compliance of the systemic circulation was calculated in intact animals from the changes in CVP after known changes in systemic blood volume. In control dogs, vascular compliance averaged 2.3 ml/mm body weight. During slow endotoxin infusion, cardiovascular effects were measurable only after a certain period of time had elapsed from the start of endotoxin insult and consisted of hypotension associated with systemic vasodilation. Systemic BP decreased gradually from 124 to 68 mm Hg while vascular compliance was finally increased by 100%, when compared to control values. This latter rise was responsible for a reduction in the cardiac preloads. Pulmonary wedge pressure and CVP were decreased from 7.1 to 3.4 and from 4.5 to 2.6 mm Hg, respectively. However, parallel to the decrease in left ventricular preload, endotoxin induced a progressive decrease in left ventricular afterload. Because of the balance in ventricular loading, cardiac output remained almost unchanged. After volume loading (dextran 30 ml/kg), cardiac output was remarkably increased from 3.28 to 6.24 L/min.m2 while peripheral vasodilation was not affected by this maneuver. It is concluded that low dose endotoxin infusion induces in dogs a hemodynamic pattern similar to human sepsis. The left ventricular loading changes are related to an enhanced systemic vascular compliance from 2.3 to 4.5 ml/mm High flow shock state is encountered provided peripheral blood pooling is compensated by adequate volume replacement.

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