Reference : Determining RUSLE P-factors for stonebunds and trenches in rangeland and cropland, No...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Earth sciences & physical geography
Determining RUSLE P-factors for stonebunds and trenches in rangeland and cropland, Northern Ethiopia
Taye, Gebeyehu []
Poesen, Jean []
Vanmaercke, Matthias mailto [Université de Liège > Département de géographie > Géographie physique et du quaternaire >]
Van Wesemael, Bas []
Tesfay, Samuel []
Teka, Daniel []
Nyssen, Jan []
Deckers, Jozef []
Haregeweyn, Nigussie []
Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 19, EGU2017-2847
European Geoscience Union General Assemby 2017
23-28 April 2017
[en] The implementation of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures in the Ethiopian highlands is a top priority to
reduce soil erosion rates and to enhance the sustainability of agroecosystem. Nonetheless, the effectiveness of many
of these measures for different hillslope and land use conditions remains currently poorly understood. As a result,
the overall effects of these measures at regional or catchment scale remain hard to quantify. This study addresses
this knowledge gap by determining the cover-management (C) and support practice (P) factors of the Revised
Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), for commonly used SWC measures in semi-arid environments (i.e. stone
bunds, trenches and a combination of both). Calculations were based on soil loss data collected with runoff plots
in Tigray, northern Ethiopia (i.e. 21 runoff plots of 600 to 1000 m2
, monitored during 2010, 2011 and 2012).
The runoff plots were installed in rangeland and cropland sites corresponding to a gentle (5%), medium (12%)
and steep (16%) slope gradients. The C and P factors of the RUSLE were calculated following the recommended
standard procedures. Results show that the C-factor for rangeland ranges from 0.31 to 0.98 and from 0.06 to 0.39
for cropland. For rangeland, this large variability is due to variations in vegetation cover caused by grazing. In
cropland, C-factors vary with tillage practices and crop types. The calculated P-factors ranged from 0.32 to 0.74
for stone bunds, from 0.07 to 0.65 for trenches and from 0.03 to 0.22 for a combination of both stone bunds
and trenches. This variability is partly due to variations in the density of the implemented measures in relation to
land use (cropland vs rangeland) and slope angles. However, also annual variations in P factor values are highly
significant. Especially trenches showed a very significant decline of effectiveness over time, which is attributable to
their reduced static storage capacity as a result of sediment deposition (e.g. for trenches in rangeland: 0.07-0.13 in
2010 to 0.37-0.65 in 2012). Hence, the results of this work may not only help in better modelling and quantifying
the average long-term impacts of SWC measures over larger areas, but also show the importance of considering
temporal variations of the effectiveness of SWC measures.
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