Reference : Non-destructive measurements of the volume magnetic behavior of large bulk GdBCO sing...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Engineering, computing & technology : Electrical & electronics engineering
Non-destructive measurements of the volume magnetic behavior of large bulk GdBCO single domains and ferromagnet/superconductor structures
Vanderbemden, Philippe mailto [Université de Liège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Capteurs et systèmes de mesures électriques >]
Egan, Raphael [University of Liege > > > >]
Morita, Mitsuru [Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Futtsu, Chiba, Japan > > > >]
Teshima, Hidekazu [Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Futtsu, Chiba, Japan > > > >]
Nariki, Shynia [Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Futtsu, Chiba, Japan > > > >]
Vanderheyden, Benoît [Université de Liège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Electronique et microsystèmes >]
Fagnard, Jean-François [Université de Liège > Dép. d'électric., électron. et informat. (Inst.Montefiore) > Applied and Computational Electromagnetics (ACE) >]
ASC 2016 Applied Superconductivity Conference
4 - 9 September 2016
Denver, CO
[en] superconductors ; bulk superconductors ; magnetic measurements
[en] The present work deals with magnetic measurements on bulk large grain GdBa2Cu3O7 (GdBCO) single domains using a recently constructed bespoke magnetometer [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 86 025107 (2015)]. The device enables the measurement of magnetic moments as large as 1 Am^2 (1000 emu) on large bulk samples up to 20 mm diameter at 77 K. This extends significantly the accessible measurement range of “off-the shelf” magnetometers (e.g. SQUID, VSM). Unlike Hall probe mapping, the measured signal is representative of the superconducting currents flowing across the entire height of the sample. Since the device is based on a flux extraction technique and does not include any Hall probe, another advantage is that no gap between a Hall probe and the sample needs to be taken into account to interpret the results.

In the present work we first show how the dimensions of the sensing coils and integration bounds are chosen in such a way the magnetometer is sensitive to dipolar magnetic moment of the sample, while being insensitive to moments of higher order. Next we study the relaxation of the trapped magnetic moment under various magnetization processes. The sensitivity of the device allows small variations of m (e.g. ~ 2% for 1 hour) to be recorded. We show experimentally that the relaxation of the magnetic moment of the whole sample is reduced strongly if the superconductor is not fully magnetized, either in field cooled (FC) or zero-field cooled (ZFC) conditions. The practical consequence is that an abnormally slow magnetic relaxation (large E-J power law exponent n) under a conventional magnetization procedure indicates that the bulk superconductor could be magnetized further.

In a second set of experiments, we study the increase of magnetic moment of a bulk superconductor when it is attached to a soft ferromagnetic disk. We also examine the irreversible demagnetization of these structures when subjected to crossed magnetic fields and compare to the magnetic moment of a classical (Nd-Fe-B) permanent magnets in the same conditions.
Acknowledgements: This work is part of an "Action de Recherches Concertees" grant (ARC 11/16 -03) from the "Communaute Francaise de Belgique".
Services Universitaires Pour la Recherche et les Applications Technologiques de Matériaux Électro-Céramiques, Composites, Supraconducteurs - SUPRATECS
Fonds de la Recherche Scientifique (Communauté française de Belgique) - F.R.S.-FNRS ; Communauté française de Belgique - CfB ; University of Liege
Researchers ; Professionals

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