Reference : Response of Microchannel Plate (MCP) Detectors to MeV Electrons: Beamline tests in su...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
Response of Microchannel Plate (MCP) Detectors to MeV Electrons: Beamline tests in support of Juno, JUICE, and Europa Mission UVS instrument investigations
Retherford, Kurt D. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX, United States]
Davis, Michael W. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX, United States]
Greathouse, Thomas K. [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX, United States]
Gladstone, G. Randall [Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX, United States]
Steffl, Andrew J. [Southwest Research Institute, Boulder, CO, United States]
Grodent, Denis mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Labo de physique atmosphérique et planétaire (LPAP) >]
Siegmund, Oswald H. W. [University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States)]
AAS/Division for Planetary Sciences Meeting Abstracts
46th Annual Meeting of the Division for Planetary Sciences of the American Astronomical Society
du 9 au 14 Novembre 2014
American Astronomical Society
Tucson, AZ
[en] LiSRI
[en] The response of Microchannel Plate (MCP) detectors to far-UV photons is excellent. MCPs provide a photon-counting capability that is especially useful for high-quality stellar and solar occultation measurements. However, use of MCPs within the Jovian magnetosphere for UV measurements is hampered by their ~30% detection efficiency to energetic electrons and ~1% efficiency to γ-rays. High-Z shielding stops energetic electrons, but creates numerous secondary particles; γ-rays are the most important of these for MCPs. These detected particles are a noise background to the measured far-UV photon signal, and at particularly intense times their combination can approach detector global count rates of ~500 kHz when operating at nominal HV levels. To address the challenges presented by the intense radiation environment experienced during Europa encounters we performed electron beam radiation testing of the Juno-UVS flight spare cross-delay line (XDL) MCP in June 2012 at MIT’s High Voltage Research Laboratory (HVRL), and again in Nov. 2013 adding an atomic-layer deposition (ALD) coated test-MCP, to measure the detection efficiency and pulse height distribution characteristics for energetic electrons and γ-rays. A key result from this UVS-dedicated SwRI IR&D project is a detailed characterization of our XDL’s response to both particles (electrons and γ-rays) and photons as a function of HV level. These results provide confidence that good science data quality is achievable when operating at Europa closest approach and/or in orbit. Comparisons with in-flight data obtained with New Horizons Pluto-Alice MeV electron response measurements at Jupiter (Steffl et al., JGR, 2012), LRO-LAMP electron and proton event data, and Juno-UVS Earth proton-belt flyby data, and recent bench tests with radioactive sources at Sensor Sciences increase this confidence. We present a description of the test setup, quantitative results, and several lessons learned to help inform future beamline test experiments dedicated to instrument developments for NASA's next large mission to Europa and ESA's JUICE mission to Ganymede.
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