Reference : Upbrella and BIM: Rethinking the construction process in residential construction
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Engineering, computing & technology : Architecture
Upbrella and BIM: Rethinking the construction process in residential construction
Forgues, Daniel mailto [Ecole de technologie supérieure - Montreal > > GRIDD > >]
Schmitz, Dimitri mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département Argenco : Secteur A&U > Architecture >]
Tahrani, Souha mailto [Ecole de technologie supérieure - Montreal > > GRIDD > >]
Proceedings Creative Construction Conference 2013
Hajdu, Miklos
Skibniewski, Miroslaw
Creative Construction Conference 2013
du 6 juillet 2013 au 9 juillet 2013
[en] construction system ; BIM ; change management ; lean construction
[en] The problems of productivity, predictability and quality in design and delivery of the building product are well documented. Prefabrication, process reengineering and digitalization are proposed as potential solutions to address these issues. One issue that is rarely addressed, however, is the management of the changes required to move from existing to a new paradigm of practices. Organization of work in construction, as opposed to other industries, has barely evolved in the last centuries.
The research project studies the impact of the introduction of a new high-rise building construction system and BIM related technologies on the organization of work within a multi- residential project. The aim is to develop a concept of operation on how to reorganize work process within and between practices and trades. Ethnographic methods were used to identify issues regarding the management of information, the organization of work and the perceptions regarding BIM associated technologies and tools such as electronic tablets. Benchmarking and lean production tools such as value stream mapping were also utilized to identify problems of productivity and waste.
Waste related to poor management of workflows and information flow was a major issue and had a strong impact on productivity. Contractual context in which there are no incentives for professionals and trades to improve their overall performance (no share responsibilities and fragmented obligations) was identified as the principal obstacle to changes in existing practices. Traditional project management practices proved to be inefficient to compensate the lack of coordination and collaboration between the project stakeholders. However, even if the use of BIM proved to be impractical in this context, tablets were well received as a way to improve collaboration and coordination of the work. A concept of operation was derived from the lessons learned that will be validated in the next pilot project.

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