Reference : Cloning of an SNF2/SWI2-related protein that binds specifically to the SPH motifs of ...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
Cloning of an SNF2/SWI2-related protein that binds specifically to the SPH motifs of the SV40 enhancer and to the HIV-1 promoter.
Sheridan, P. L. [> > > >]
Schorpp, M. [> > > >]
Voz, Marianne mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département des sciences de la vie > GIGA-R : Biologie et génétique moléculaire >]
Jones, K. A. [> > > >]
Journal of Biological Chemistry
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Baculoviridae/genetics ; Base Sequence ; Cells, Cultured ; Cloning, Molecular ; DNA Helicases ; DNA, Complementary ; DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics/isolation & purification/metabolism ; Enhancer Elements, Genetic ; HIV-1/genetics ; Hela Cells ; Humans ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Nuclear Proteins ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; Protein Binding ; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid ; Simian virus 40/genetics ; Spodoptera ; Transcription Factors/genetics/isolation & purification/metabolism
[en] We have isolated a human cDNA clone encoding HIP116, a protein that binds to the SPH repeats of the SV40 enhancer and to the TATA/inhibitor region of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 promoter. The predicted HIP116 protein is related to the yeast SNF2/SWI2 transcription factor and to other members of this extended family and contains seven domains similar to those found in the vaccinia NTP1 ATPase. Interestingly, HIP116 also contains a C3HC4 zinc-binding motif (RING finger) interspersed between the ATPase motifs in an arrangement similar to that found in the yeast RAD5 and RAD16 proteins. The HIP116 amino terminus is unique among the members of this family, and houses a specific DNA-binding domain. Antiserum raised against HIP116 recognizes a 116-kDa nuclear protein in Western blots and specifically supershifts SV40 and HIV-1 protein-DNA complexes in gel shift experiments. The binding site for HIP116 on the SV40 enhancer directly overlaps the site for TEF-1, and like TEF-1, binding of HIP116 to the SV40 enhancer is destroyed by mutations that inhibit SPH enhancer activity in vivo. Purified fractions of HIP116 display strong ATPase activity that is preferentially stimulated by SPH DNA and can be inhibited specifically by antibodies to HIP116. These findings suggest that HIP116 might affect transcription, directly or indirectly, by acting as a DNA binding site-specific ATPase.

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