Reference : Venus Express observations of the Venus O2 and NO nightglow: distribution and constra...
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Unpublished conference/Abstract
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
Venus Express observations of the Venus O2 and NO nightglow: distribution and constraints on vertical transport
Gérard, Jean-Claude mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) >]
Cox, Cédric mailto [Université de Liège - ULiège > > SEGI : Etudes et intégr. de systèmes : Antenne administr. >]
Saglam, Adem mailto [> >]
Bertaux, Jean-Loup [> >]
Drossart, Pierre [> >]
Piccioni, Giuseppe [> >]
Annual meeting of the European Geoscience Union
April 2007
[en] airglow ; Venus ; transport
[en] Observations have been carried out in the infrared with VIRTIS and the ultraviolet with SPICAV to measure the distribution of the O2 (1 g) nightglow emission at 1.27 μm and the nitric oxide gamma and delta bands between 190 and 300 nm. These observations were collected in the tangent limb mode, which maximizes the time period spent by the line of sight through the airglow layer. The O2 (1 g) emission is excited by three-body recombination of O atoms produced on the day side and carried by the general thermospheric circulation to the night side. It is very variable in brightness and has a peak located between 95 and 100 km. The NO airglow is produced by radiative recombination of O atoms with N(4S) resulting from N2 photodissociation and reaches a maximum near 110 km.We combine the altitude and brightness information from the two emissions with simulations of a chemical diffusive model to determine
the values of the vertical fluxes of O and N atoms and the strength of the eddy mixing which carries both types of atoms from above the turbopause into the recombination
layer.We find that O fluxes on the order of a few 1012 atoms/cm2 s and N fluxes about
1010 atoms/cm2 s can reproduce the observations. The variability of the airglow emissions
and the altitude-brightness relation will also be discussed and compared with
model predictions.
Researchers ; Professionals

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