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See detailTowards a Typology of Business Models in the Biotechnology Industry
Segers, Jean Pierre ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2018)

The purpose of this paper is to identify a selection of key business models - “typology” - applied in the biotechnology industry. The focus is on the differences between traditional/closed or stand-alone ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this paper is to identify a selection of key business models - “typology” - applied in the biotechnology industry. The focus is on the differences between traditional/closed or stand-alone business models opposed to open or networked business models. A number of illustrative case studies and good practices are presented to show that new biotechnology firms are gradually adopting a “best of both worlds” strategy, with both closed business models and open, networked models as a way for gaining access to the market, in close collaboration with large global pharmaceutical companies. The case firms and good practices are taken from a recent country study for Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailEarly 2017 observations of TRAPPIST-1 with $\textit{Spitzer}$
Delrez, Laetitia; Gillon, Michaël ULiege; Triaud, Amaury H. M. J. et al

E-print/Working paper (2018)

The recently detected TRAPPIST-1 planetary system, with its seven planets transiting a nearby ultracool dwarf star, offers the first opportunity to perform comparative exoplanetology of temperate Earth ... [more ▼]

The recently detected TRAPPIST-1 planetary system, with its seven planets transiting a nearby ultracool dwarf star, offers the first opportunity to perform comparative exoplanetology of temperate Earth-sized worlds. To further advance our understanding of these planets' compositions, energy budgets, and dynamics, we are carrying out an intensive photometric monitoring campaign of their transits with the $\textit{Spitzer Space Telescope}$. In this context, we present 60 new transits of the TRAPPIST-1 planets observed with $\textit{Spitzer}$/IRAC in February and March 2017. We combine these observations with previously published $\textit{Spitzer}$ transit photometry and perform a global analysis of the resulting extensive dataset. This analysis refines the transit parameters and provides revised values for the planets' physical parameters, notably their radii, using updated properties for the star. As part of our study, we also measure precise transit timings that will be used in a companion paper to refine the planets' masses and compositions using the transit timing variations method. TRAPPIST-1 shows a very low level of low-frequency variability in the IRAC 4.5-$\mu$m band, with a photometric RMS of only 0.11$\%$ at a 123-s cadence. We do not detect any evidence of a (quasi-)periodic signal related to stellar rotation. We also analyze the transit light curves individually, to search for possible variations in the transit parameters of each planet due to stellar variability, and find that the $\textit{Spitzer}$ transits of the planets are mostly immune to the effects of stellar variations. These results are encouraging for forthcoming transmission spectroscopy observations of the TRAPPIST-1 planets with the $\textit{James Webb Space Telescope}$. [less ▲]

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See detailRecovery of unlawful tax advantages remains a thorny EU State aid law issue
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

A blogpost on State aid and tax rulings, as a contribution to the Regulating for Globalization blog

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See detailThe Excitements & Penniman Records
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Interviews des membres des Excitements , de Koko Jean Davis et d'Enric Bosser ( Penniman Records) - Record reviews

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See detailLe chemin de Jacques STOTZEM
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Interview de Jacques Stotzem au sujet de son 15è album "The Way To Go" ; toutes les compositions sont originales.

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See detailVelléités d’indépendance, remise en question par les armes, guerres civiles : l’État semble de plus en plus contesté et menacé. Qu’en est-il vraiment ?
Wintgens, Sophie ULiege; Weerts, Audrey ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Dans un grand nombre d’études menées depuis plus d’une vingtaine d’années, la question de la place et du contrôle de l’État est formulée en termes de « crise ». Comment l’État du XXIe siècle fait-il face ... [more ▼]

Dans un grand nombre d’études menées depuis plus d’une vingtaine d’années, la question de la place et du contrôle de l’État est formulée en termes de « crise ». Comment l’État du XXIe siècle fait-il face aux pressions internationales (terrorisme, mondialisation, flux migratoires) et aux menaces internes (référendums d’indépendance, guerres civiles, ingérence étrangère)? "L’État dans tous ses états", un ouvrage collectif (publié chez Peter Lang en Belgique) dirigé par deux chercheuses belges, Sophie Wintgens et Audrey Weerts, essaie de répondre aux questions soulevées par l’actualité par des réflexions théoriques et des études de cas. Sophie Wintgens est chargée de recherches du Fonds de la recherche scientifique (FRS-FNRS) au Centre d’étude de la vie politique (CEVIPOL) de l’Université libre de Bruxelles, maître de conférences au département de science politique de l’Université de Liège et chercheuse associée au Center for International Relations Studies (CEFIR). Audrey Weerts est assistante et chargée de recherches au sein de la Cellule d’appui politologique Afrique-Caraïbes et de l’unité d’étude des systèmes politiques belges à l’Université de Liège. Toutes les deux expliquent à Middle East Eye que loin d’être une entité statique et figée, l’État se développe et se transforme, et reste encore pour l’instant un acteur central du système international. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Science Case for an Extended Spitzer Mission
Yee, Jennifer C.; Fazio, Giovanni G.; Benjamin, Robert et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Although the final observations of the Spitzer Warm Mission are currently scheduled for March 2019, it can continue operations through the end of the decade with no loss of photometric precision. As we ... [more ▼]

Although the final observations of the Spitzer Warm Mission are currently scheduled for March 2019, it can continue operations through the end of the decade with no loss of photometric precision. As we will show, there is a strong science case for extending the current Warm Mission to December 2020. Spitzer has already made major impacts in the fields of exoplanets (including microlensing events), characterizing near Earth objects, enhancing our knowledge of nearby stars and brown dwarfs, understanding the properties and structure of our Milky Way galaxy, and deep wide-field extragalactic surveys to study galaxy birth and evolution. By extending Spitzer through 2020, it can continue to make ground-breaking discoveries in those fields, and provide crucial support to the NASA flagship missions JWST and WFIRST, as well as the upcoming TESS mission, and it will complement ground-based observations by LSST and the new large telescopes of the next decade. This scientific program addresses NASA's Science Mission Directive's objectives in astrophysics, which include discovering how the universe works, exploring how it began and evolved, and searching for life on planets around other stars. [less ▲]

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See detailSPECULOOS exoplanet search and its prototype on TRAPPIST
Burdanov, Artem ULiege; Delrez, Laetitia; Gillon, Michaël ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

One of the most significant goals of modern science is establishing whether life exists around other suns. The most direct path towards its achievement is the detection and atmospheric characterization of ... [more ▼]

One of the most significant goals of modern science is establishing whether life exists around other suns. The most direct path towards its achievement is the detection and atmospheric characterization of terrestrial exoplanets with potentially habitable surface conditions. The nearest ultracool dwarfs (UCDs), i.e. very-low-mass stars and brown dwarfs with effective temperatures lower than 2700 K, represent a unique opportunity to reach this goal within the next decade. The potential of the transit method for detecting potentially habitable Earth-sized planets around these objects is drastically increased compared to Earth-Sun analogs. Furthermore, only a terrestrial planet transiting a nearby UCD would be amenable for a thorough atmospheric characterization, including the search for possible biosignatures, with near-future facilities such as the James Webb Space Telescope. In this chapter, we first describe the physical properties of UCDs as well as the unique potential they offer for the detection of potentially habitable Earth-sized planets suitable for atmospheric characterization. Then, we present the SPECULOOS ground-based transit survey, that will search for Earth-sized planets transiting the nearest UCDs, as well as its prototype survey on the TRAPPIST telescopes. We conclude by discussing the prospects offered by the recent detection by this prototype survey of a system of seven temperate Earth-sized planets transiting a nearby UCD, TRAPPIST-1. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EP’s ‘European Standards’ Resolution in the wake of James Elliott Construction: carving ever more holes in Pandora’s Box?
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege; Demoulin, Iris ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This blogpost analyses a recent Parliamentary resolution against the background of the Court of Justice's James Elliott Construction judgment, dealing with the legal nature of harmonised technical ... [more ▼]

This blogpost analyses a recent Parliamentary resolution against the background of the Court of Justice's James Elliott Construction judgment, dealing with the legal nature of harmonised technical standards in EU free movement law. [less ▲]

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See detail‘Once Upon A Time’ ou le contrôle de la narration
Claisse, Frédéric ULiege; Huppe, Justine ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Ce billet de blog analyse les liens entre "ELIPSIA", une série de court-métrages réalisée par Frédéric DARRAS entre 2012 et 2016, et le projet de recherche STORYFIC, consacré aux effets du storytelling ... [more ▼]

Ce billet de blog analyse les liens entre "ELIPSIA", une série de court-métrages réalisée par Frédéric DARRAS entre 2012 et 2016, et le projet de recherche STORYFIC, consacré aux effets du storytelling sur l'écriture de fiction contemporaine, et plus particulièrement aux pouvoirs de la fiction. Après avoir décrit les enjeux posés par la série, l'article développe une série de parallèles avec les préoccupations d'auteurs français contemporains (C. Delaume, C. de Toledo, P. Vasset, A. Damasio), qui nourrissent le même rapport ambivalent à la fiction: à la fois dénoncée pour son emprise sur nos existences et son caractère aliénant, mais aussi valorisée pour ses promesses de réappropriation et d'émancipation. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une Politique de la Ville en Wallonie : recommandation pour la mise en oeuvre d'une politique transversale et intégrée de dynamisation des quartiers urbains
Mercenier, Chloé ULiege; Ruelle, Christine ULiege; Bastin, Florine et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

La note de recherche propose les principaux résultats de la recherche CPDT 2015-2016 sur la Politique de la Ville en Wallonie. Elle concerne, plus précisément, les constats et recommandations pour le ... [more ▼]

La note de recherche propose les principaux résultats de la recherche CPDT 2015-2016 sur la Politique de la Ville en Wallonie. Elle concerne, plus précisément, les constats et recommandations pour le développement des quartiers urbains selon trois grandes catégories de difficultés : le cadre de vie dégradé, le contexte social défavorable et le contexte économique défavorable. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling climate diversity, tidal dynamics and the fate of volatiles on TRAPPIST-1 planets
Turbet, Martin; Bolmont, Emeline; Leconte, Jeremy et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

TRAPPIST-1 planets are invaluable for the study of comparative planetary science outside our Solar System and possibly habitability. First, we derive from N-body simulations possible planetary evolution ... [more ▼]

TRAPPIST-1 planets are invaluable for the study of comparative planetary science outside our Solar System and possibly habitability. First, we derive from N-body simulations possible planetary evolution scenarios, and show that each of the planets are likely to be in synchronous rotation. We then use a 3-D Global Climate Model to explore the possible climates of cool planets of the TRAPPIST-1 system. In particular, we look at the conditions required for cool planets to prevent possible volatile species to be lost by permanent condensation, irreversible burying or photochemical destruction. We also explore the resilience of the same volatiles (when in condensed phase) to a runaway greenhouse process. We find that background atmospheres made of N2, CO or O2 are resistant to atmospheric collapse. However, it should be difficult for TRAPPIST-1 planets to accumulate significant greenhouse gases like CO2, CH4, or NH3. CO2 can easily condense on the nightside, forming glaciers that would flow toward the substellar region. A complete CO2 ice cover is possible on TRAPPIST-1g and h only, although CO2 ice deposits could be gravitationally unstable and get buried beneath the water ice shell in geologically short timescales. Given TRAPPIST-1 planets large EUV irradiation (at least 1000x Titan's flux), CH4 and NH3 should be photodissociated rapidly and thus be hard to accumulate in the atmosphere. Photochemical hazes could then sedimentate and form a surface layer of tholins. Regarding habitability, we confirm that few bars of CO2 would suffice to warm the surface of TRAPPIST-1f and g above the melting point of water. We also show that TRAPPIST-1e is a remarkable candidate for surface habitability. If the planet is today synchronous and abundant in water, then it should always sustain surface liquid water at least in the substellar region, whatever the atmosphere considered. [less ▲]

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See detailThe EU-Latin American Strategic Partnership: state of play and ways forward
Santander, Sébastian ULiege; Müller, Gustavo; Defraigne, Jean-Christophe et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

By looking at the current social, economic and political trends in Latin America and the Caribbean and at recent developments in the EU’s relation with the region, this study explores windows of ... [more ▼]

By looking at the current social, economic and political trends in Latin America and the Caribbean and at recent developments in the EU’s relation with the region, this study explores windows of opportunity for advancing the EU-Latin American strategic partnership. It is argued that, although asymmetries between Europe and Latin America might impact and diminish the bi-regional relationship, the EU is wellpositioned to play a more active role in Latin America by strengthening existing institutional links, such as the strategic bi-regional partnership between the EU and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Euro-Latin America Parliamentary Assembly (EuroLat). The study concludes with tailor-made recommendations in order to advance the EU’s engagement and cooperation with individual Latin American countries and with the region as a whole, both through traditional cooperative channels and through closer parliamentary links within the framework of EuroLat. [less ▲]

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See detailUne serve sur le trône de France. Trahison et imposture politique en jupon (dans la Chanson de Berte aus grans piés)
Henrard, Nadine ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

La chanson de Berte aus grans piés raconte la trahison fomentée envers leur maîtresse par deux servantes et leur cousin. En exploitant une ressemblance physique entre les deux femmes, la vieille Margiste ... [more ▼]

La chanson de Berte aus grans piés raconte la trahison fomentée envers leur maîtresse par deux servantes et leur cousin. En exploitant une ressemblance physique entre les deux femmes, la vieille Margiste parvient à placer sur le trône de France sa fille Aliste et à chasser la Berte, fille du roi de Hongrie que le roi Pépin venait tout juste d'épouser. Au terme de plusieurs années de mauvaise gouvernance, Aliste sera démasquée, et Berte enfin réhabilitée. Après une rapide présentation de la chanson de geste (tradition manuscrite, analyse de l'œuvre), un commentaire s'attache au mécanisme de la trahison pour envisager, en se référant au droit de l'époque, le problème de l'usurpation d'identité et de l'imposture politique au féminin telles que les traite un poète épique du XIIIe siècle. [less ▲]

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See detailGreen Biotechnology in Belgium: The Ghent Innovation District.
Segers, Jean Pierre ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This contribution explores the long-standing evolution of the green biotechnology cluster in the bioRegion of Flanders (Belgium), in particular in the Ghent innovation district.

Detailed reference viewed: 76 (5 ULiège)
See detailJavier Cercas, Le mobile
Licata, Nicolas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Synopsis d'une nouvelle de Javier Cercas intitulée Le mobile (1987), rédigé dans le cadre du dossier "Les lectures pour l'été 2017" de la revue Culture.

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See detailDevelopment of an HPTLC method for determination of hypoglycin A in aqueous extracts of seedlings and samaras of Acer species.
Habyarimana, Jean Belt Adélite ULiege; Baise, Etienne; Douny, Caroline ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Hypoglycin A (HGA) is a toxin contained in seeds of the sycamore maple tree (Acer pseudoplatanus). Ingestion of this amino acid causes equine atypical myopathy (AM) in Europe. Another variety, A. negundo ... [more ▼]

Hypoglycin A (HGA) is a toxin contained in seeds of the sycamore maple tree (Acer pseudoplatanus). Ingestion of this amino acid causes equine atypical myopathy (AM) in Europe. Another variety, A. negundo, is claimed to be present where AM cases were reported in the US. For unknown reasons, occurrence of this disease has increased. It is important to define environmental key factors that may influence toxicity of samaras from Acer species. In addition, the content of HGA in seedlings needs to be determined since AM outbreaks, during autumn period when the seeds fall but also during spring when seeds are germinating. The present study aims to validate a reliable method using high performance thin layer chromatography for determination and comparison of HGA in samaras and seedlings. The working range of the method was between 20 μg HGA to 408 μg HGA per ml water, corresponding to 12 - 244 mg/kg fresh weight or 40 - 816 mg/kg dry weight, taking into account of an arbitrary average dry matter content of 30%. Instrumental limit of detection and limit of quantification were of 10 µg HGA/ml and 20 µg HGA/ml water, respectively. Instrumental precision was 4% (RSD on 20 repeated measurements) while instrumental accuracy ranged between 86% and 121% of expected value. The HGA recovery of the analytical method estimated from spiked samaras and seedlings samples ranged between 63 and 103%. The method was applied to 9 samples of samaras from Acer pseudoplatanus, A. platanoides and A. campestre and 5 seedlings samples from A. pseudoplatanus. The results confirm detection of HGA in samaras from A. pseudoplatanus and the absence of detection in samaras of other tested species. They also suggest that detected levels of HGA are highly variable. This confirmed the suitability of the method for HGA detection in samaras or seedling. [less ▲]

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See detailRaman Hyperspectral Imaging: An essential tool in the pharmaceutical field
Sacre, Pierre-Yves ULiege; Netchacovitch, Lauranne ULiege; Dumont, Elodie ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Resulting from the combination of Raman spectroscopy and optical microscopy, Raman hyperspectral imaging has proven to be an indispensable tool in the pharmaceutical field. This article will broach a ... [more ▼]

Resulting from the combination of Raman spectroscopy and optical microscopy, Raman hyperspectral imaging has proven to be an indispensable tool in the pharmaceutical field. This article will broach a number of Raman hyperspectral imaging applications that were developed in our laboratory, in order to demonstrate the significance of the technique. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Open Access en Belgique francophone : bientôt une réalité ?
Desseilles, François ULiege; Thys, Laurence ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailClap 48- Le 48è NO Jazz & Heritage Festival 2017 - Le festival de la démesure
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Compte rendu du 48è Festival de la Nouvelle Orleans

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailWhat should be forgotten? Time to make sense of Article 17 GDPR from the point of view of data controllers
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This blog post highlights a key gap in the interpretation and envisaged application of the EU's right to be forgotten, as introduced in the General Data Protection Regulation.

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See detailParticipative Management as a Key Success Factor in Merger and Acquisition
Souply-Pierrard, Fernand; Robert, Jocelyne ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

In this working paper, we will examine in which way the participative management can be a key success factor in a context of organizational change. We tried to determine whether the use/implementation of ... [more ▼]

In this working paper, we will examine in which way the participative management can be a key success factor in a context of organizational change. We tried to determine whether the use/implementation of participative management and its tools is perceived as an increasing success factor of the mergers and acquisitions process. One of the interest of this study is to bring back a managerial aspect, nearly forgot in Europe but yet still relevant in Canada, that has proven is great interest within different studies over last decades and to apply the previous researches to a specific event in the life of a company, but also to a really particular context which is the one of a SME employing people with disabilities. To perform this research, we focused on the perception of participation, and its tools, that have workers and managers though a qualitative and a quantitative survey. The perspectives of this study open the way to more in depth researches in order to define audit processes and advises about the implementation of participative management (tools) to influence positively the probabilities of success for mergers and acquisitions. [less ▲]

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See detailLe New orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival 2017
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Compte rendu de la 48è édition du N.O. Jazz & Heritage Festival 2017 avec photos

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See detailDéfense citoyenne et citoyen de la défense : l'Armée belge et la nation
Dumoulin, André ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Certains observateurs peuvent considérer que l’esprit de défense reste un objet non identifié en Belgique. Il peut aussi être un objectif à renforcer en tenant compte des spécificités politiques ... [more ▼]

Certains observateurs peuvent considérer que l’esprit de défense reste un objet non identifié en Belgique. Il peut aussi être un objectif à renforcer en tenant compte des spécificités politiques, communautaires, historiques et sociologiques du Royaume. La Belgique n’est pas la France, la Finlande ou le Royaume-Uni et leur culture de défense, leur culture stratégique. Cette étude a pour objet d’interroger en ces moments troublés par les attentats en Belgique sur les liens entre l’armée belge et la nation. Il sera question d’aborder les rapports entre les citoyens et l’institution militaire, les valeurs de légitimation de l’institution militaire et l’éthique qui doit y être associée, le niveau de confiance et de soutien, l’esprit de défense, le degré de résilience, l’image du militaire dans la société, y inclus celle autour de la présence du militaire en rue. Cela impose synergies civilo-militaires, prises de responsabilités politiques, ouverture de l’armée professionnelle au monde civil, partage de valeurs éthiques et meilleure résilience. Il s’agira également de prendre en compte le malaise du militaire déjà perceptible à propos des missions de sécurisation dans les rues tout comme celle qui apparaît autour du dossier des pensions des militaires aux tâches très spécifiques, le militaire n’étant pas un fonctionnaire comme les autres. Seront aussi examinés l’état de l’enseignement des matières de défense auprès des citoyens civils et les ballons d’essai autour des parcours civiques, de la relance d’une réserve et la question d’un retour du service militaire en Belgique actuellement suspendu. Enfin, nous formulerons quelques recommandations spécifiques au positionnement de la politique belge de sécurité et de défense dans le champ politique, sociologique et communautaire dans ses rapports entre l’armée et la société. L’objectif étant d’améliorer les liens entre le citoyen, le politique et la Défense ; sachant que le destin commun des Belges en matière de sécurité se doit d’être aussi pensé en « poupées gigognes » avec, par superposition, le rôle de l’UE et de l’OTAN. [less ▲]

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See detailPrice Discrimination and Dispersion under Asymmetric Profiling of Consumers
Lam, Wing Man Wynne ULiege; Belleflamme, Paul; Vergote, Wouter

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailThe Borders of Nord-Pas-de-Calais: Camps, Actors and Insecurity
Da Silva, Amanda Carolina ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

I explore the securitization of the immigration process developed between France and the UK as units of the EU regional security complex. My main intention was to not only identify how both countries ... [more ▼]

I explore the securitization of the immigration process developed between France and the UK as units of the EU regional security complex. My main intention was to not only identify how both countries securitized immigration together, but also to identify the social consequences its produces for the city of Calais. The FR-UK immigration policy has been implemented in the city of Calais since 2002, and over time security apparatus has become more sophisticated, which sums up the transposition of the UK border and construction of refugee camps and jungles. As a result of this process, it was possible to identify the appearance of self-established camps, emergence of new actors, and rise of nationalism. I aim to highlight the relevance of bilateral policies developed between both countries and its impacts in Calais. From this, policies’ and migrants’ representations of emerging camps, new actors and nationalism will produce considerable changes in the city. [less ▲]

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See detailRussie – Venezuela : l’alliance stratégique à l’épreuve des faits
Regnier, Cindy ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detailMusic 4 A While - entretien avec deux des musiciens de ce projet
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Entretien avec Jean François Foliez ( clarinette) et Johan Dupont, pianiste, arrangeur et concepteur du projet Music 4 A While paru chez Igloo Records

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See detailCorde à Corde - Le duo Philippe AERTS ( contrebasse) - Raphaëlle BROCHET (chant) - interview
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Interview des 2 musiciens sur leur carrière et sur la sortie de l'album KALAMAMBA chez Igloo Records ( IGL282)

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See detailCreative Playground ( Jean François Foliez) - vidéo "Home" ( composition Johan Dupont)
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Spectacle "Creative Playground 2017" Théâtre de Liège, 4 mars 2017; en vidéo "Home" une composition du pianiste Johan Dupont

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See detailChris BEARD - The Prince of the Blues
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Interview de Chris BEARD + record reviews

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See detailTransparency Under Scrutiny. Information disclosure by the Parliamentary Land Investigation Commission in Myanmar
San Thein; Pyae Sone; Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards ... [more ▼]

This case study presents a country-wide quantitative analysis of a Parliamentary Commission established in 2012 in Myanmar to examine ‘land grab’ cases considered and to propose solutions towards releasing the land to its original owners, in most cases smallholder farming families. The study analyses the information contained in four reports released to the public, but also aims to elicit information they do not reveal. First of all, the paper suggests the commission has failed to provide detailed information about land grabs by the military. Second, the Commission seems to have targeted urban areas and urbanization projects and has underestimated land grab cases in rural areas. Third, by contrasting the locations of land confiscation cases with those of agro-industrial concessions as of 2011, the paper also shows how the Commission has evaded, rather than tackled, some very critical land confiscation issues driven by these concessions. Eventually, the authors argue for a mechanism that gathers, manages and releases relevant data on land confiscation and redistribution in a manner that allows for full disclosure. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated approach for ethics in research for young researchers at the University of Liege
Halleux, Isabelle ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

For ensuring good practices in research from the beginning and developing a culture of ethics, ULg developed an integrated approach focusing on young researchers. The objective is to instill, as soon as ... [more ▼]

For ensuring good practices in research from the beginning and developing a culture of ethics, ULg developed an integrated approach focusing on young researchers. The objective is to instill, as soon as possible, a good perception of what is quality in research, considering methodology, project management and ethics as norms and moral positioning for solving dilemma. Actions, coordinated by the Council for Ethics and Scientific Integrity (CEIS), are developed simultaneously through 5 axes. Young researchers are involved at all levels of the process, directly or as representative of the PhD Association. 1. Training: Sensitization and education to ethics; development of professional capacities, incl. data analysis & open data; seminaries with supervisors and PhDs ("duos") 2. Forum: ethics on the public space – Seminaries, conference, round tables, intervision, discussion and exchange on questions, dilemma, case-studies, with the help of external experts 3. Research appraisal: requirement for an ethics appraisal of each research project, with a special focus on human and social sciences, with the help of disciplinary ethics committees 4. Ethics analysis: Analysis of special questions, complains, problems, and decision making in case of violation of integrity 5. Regulation: Writing of procedures, dissemination of documents, recommendations and case-studies, link to the HR Strategy for researchers and the Charter and Code. In 2016, successful activities took place : - about 500 PhDs (25%) participated directly in the "Go2thesis training" (incl. 1 day on project management and ethics), dedicated trainings (introduction, special questions) and forum-debates - all the research projects, incl. PhD grants, supported by ULg were requested to provide an ethical issue check list, based on the H2020 standards. The R&D Office helped to explain about the issues and resources, and to orient the applicant to the ad hoc ethics committee - special requests were analyzed by the CEIS for several PhD's sensitive projects - Information was provided to PhDs regarding authorship, crowdfunding, privacy, open data and security while travelling New projects will be developed for (1) strengthening the relation between CEIS-ethics committee-doctoral school-supervisor-PhD (2) involving all the new PhDs in the training and forum, and (3) ensure the ethics appraisal during the whole duration of the PhD thesis (i.e. special chapter in the annual report). This presentation aims to exchange about what was done, the actual and expected impact of actions, what is going right and wrong, and how ULg is managing this dynamics as part of the HR Strategy for researchers project. A discussion with participants is expected on results and new projects. [less ▲]

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See detailDivergence of wavelet series: A multifractal analysis
Esser, Céline ULiege; Jaffard, Stéphane ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

We show the relevance of a multifractal-type analysis for pointwise convergence and divergence properties of wavelet series: Depending on the sequence space which the wavelet coefficients sequence belongs ... [more ▼]

We show the relevance of a multifractal-type analysis for pointwise convergence and divergence properties of wavelet series: Depending on the sequence space which the wavelet coefficients sequence belongs to, we obtain deterministic upper bounds for the Hausdorff dimensions of the sets of points where a given rate of divergence occurs, and we show that these bounds are generically optimal, according to several notions of genericity. [less ▲]

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See detailMario Vargas Llosa, Qui a tué Palomino Molero?
Belleflamme, Clémence ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Résumé apéritif du roman de Vargas Llosa intitulé Qui a tué Palomino Molero? (1986), rédigé dans le cadre du dossier "Les lectures pour l'été 2017" de la revue Culture.

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Peer Reviewed
See detailAn intermediary's geographical expansion choice under uncertainty
Lefevre, Mélanie ULiege; Tharakan, Joseph ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

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See detail"On se débrouille". How to be a good judge when the state lets you down
Andreetta, Sophie ULiege; Kolloch, Annalena

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Over the last couple of years, Beninese magistrates have gone on multiple strikes. Most of them complain about their substantial workload, low pay, and poor working conditions. They also highlight the ... [more ▼]

Over the last couple of years, Beninese magistrates have gone on multiple strikes. Most of them complain about their substantial workload, low pay, and poor working conditions. They also highlight the discrepancies between the magistrates’ social status and what their families expect from them. While there seems to be a professional malaise within the Beninese bench, judges and prosecutors also insist on the importance of their work and the ethics that goes together with it. This is why we will be looking at the discourses and representations of the social and professional status of Beninese judges. Why do young lawyers choose the path of being a magistrate over other legal careers? How do judges and prosecutors in the Republic of Benin balance professional ethos with practical work routine? [less ▲]

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See detailStudy Protocol: Effect of prenatal wheel-running exercise (before and during gestation) on cocaine psychomotor sensitization expressed in the offspring in periadolescent females and males C57BL/6J mice
Lespine, Louis-Ferdinand ULiege; Plenevaux, Alain ULiege; Tirelli, Ezio ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The present study principally aims at determining to which extent prenatal exercise (before and during gestation) could affect the initiation (establishment) and the expression of psychomotor ... [more ▼]

The present study principally aims at determining to which extent prenatal exercise (before and during gestation) could affect the initiation (establishment) and the expression of psychomotor sensitization induced by a representative dose of cocaine in young female and male mice. More specifically, we will assess cocaine-induced acute psychomotor-activating effects, psychomotor sensitization developing over 9 daily sessions (daily peritoneal injections of cocaine or saline) and the long-term expression of the sensitized response (30 days after the last sensitizing injection) in C57BL/6J mice born from mothers housed with or without a running wheel before and during gestation. Based on literature and on our prior results, the mice born from exercised mothers are expected to show significantly reduced levels of cocaine responsiveness in comparison with the control mice (born from unexercised mothers). [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Masson, Christophe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Introduction de l'Assemblée générale de Ménestrel – 35e journée d'étude du Réseau des Médiévistes belges de Langue française. Le Moyen Âge dans les (nouveaux) médias. Quelle place pour les médiévistes  ... [more ▼]

Introduction de l'Assemblée générale de Ménestrel – 35e journée d'étude du Réseau des Médiévistes belges de Langue française. Le Moyen Âge dans les (nouveaux) médias. Quelle place pour les médiévistes ? Université de Liège, 7-8 octobre 2016 [less ▲]

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See detailAgroecology in Action : réflexions et perspectives du groupe GIRAF
Hermesse, Julie; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege; Dumont, Antoinette et al

E-print/Working paper (2017)

Une équipe de dix chercheurs membres du groupe de contact FNRS “GIRAF” a participé aux journées Agroecology in Action les 9 et 10 décembre 2016. Parmi ceux-ci, huit chercheurs ont conjugué leur ... [more ▼]

Une équipe de dix chercheurs membres du groupe de contact FNRS “GIRAF” a participé aux journées Agroecology in Action les 9 et 10 décembre 2016. Parmi ceux-ci, huit chercheurs ont conjugué leur présence avec un travail d’observation et la rédaction d’une note individuelle qui en rend compte. La réflexion collective de GIRAF a été élaborée à partir de ces notes individuelles. L’intention de GIRAF en rédigeant cette note est double : permettre à la fois de mener un débat sur le sens et l’importance d’Agroecology in Action pour le groupe GIRAF et de rendre public nos réflexions dans le but de nourrir la réflexion sur le futur d’Agroecology in Action (AIA). Notre intention n’est pas d’évaluer le mouvement mais plutôt de le mettre en perspective et de le questionner. 1 Ce papier est publié sous la responsabilité des membres de GIRAF qui ont participer à l’évènement “Agroecology in Action” du 9-10 décembre. Ont contribué à ce papier: Hermesse J., Stassart P. M.(Editeurs) Dumont A. M., Louah, L., Hautier, L., Hecquet C. Visser, M. (co- auteurs). L’ordre des co-auteurs est une convention alphabétique. Il n’y a pas de lien avec l’importance des contribution respectives. Les auteurs suivants sont des scientifiques impliqués dans l’organisation du projet Agroecology in Action : Louah, L. et Visser, M. 1 futur d’Agroecology in Action (AIA). Notre intention n’est pas d’évaluer le mouvement mais plutôt de le mettre en perspective et de le questionner. [less ▲]

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See detailHow did EU Citizens Experience Belgium’s Policy of Expulsion and Removal?
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Mescoli, Elsa ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

The issue of experiencing illegality as EU citizens is here explored through analyzing the case study of Italians in Belgium who saw their residence permit removed by state authorities. This example shows ... [more ▼]

The issue of experiencing illegality as EU citizens is here explored through analyzing the case study of Italians in Belgium who saw their residence permit removed by state authorities. This example shows how becoming undocumented is the result of “a legal production of illegality” and that social policies switch from being instruments of protection for groups at risk of social exclusion to being instruments incentivizing individuals to participate in the labour market and consequently rejecting “unproductive migrants” from the social system. EU citizenship and freedom of movement within member states is thus questioned and conditioned to some other socio-economic issues. The notion of “deservingness” highlights that the restriction of the mobility of the poor in general shapes here in terms of “undeserving” the right to freedom of movement and determines further stratifications among migrants. Strategies are developed within an emerging discourse of a “moral economy of deservingness” and they respond to the individuals’ precarious statuses. [less ▲]

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See detailFiscal decentralization and the performance of higher education institutions: the case of Europe
Jacqmin, Julien ULiege; Lefebvre, Mathieu ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2017)

This paper empirically evaluates the impact of fiscal decentralization on the performance of higher education systems. To test this relationship,we build up a panel dataset composed of European countries ... [more ▼]

This paper empirically evaluates the impact of fiscal decentralization on the performance of higher education systems. To test this relationship,we build up a panel dataset composed of European countries. Countrylevel performance is measured by an indicator using data from the Shanghai ranking. Using a dynamic panel approach, we find that a higher share of government spending coming from decentralized levels of governmentsleads to an improvement of the performance of research-intensive higher education institutions. This result is confirmed by the use of an instrumental variable approach. We argue that a more decentralized higher education system increases the ability to attract and retain top scholars. [less ▲]

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See detailVorzeitigkeit als Herausforderung beim Übersetzen narrativer Texte
Münzberg, Franziska ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailPREDetector 2.0: Online and Enhanced Version of the Prokaryotic Regulatory Elements Detector Tool
Tocquin, Pierre ULiege; Naomé, Aymeric ULiege; Jourdan, Samuel ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In the era that huge numbers of microbial genomes are being released in the databases, it becomes increasingly important to rapidly mine genes as well as predict the regulatory networks that control their ... [more ▼]

In the era that huge numbers of microbial genomes are being released in the databases, it becomes increasingly important to rapidly mine genes as well as predict the regulatory networks that control their expression. To this end, we have developed an improved and online version of the PREDetector software aimed at identifying putative transcription factor-binding sites (TFBS) in bacterial genomes. The original philosophy of PREDetector 1.0 is maintained, i.e. to allow users to freely fix the DNA-motif screening parameters, and to provide a statistical means to estimate the reliability of the prediction output. This new version offers an interactive table as well as graphics to dynamically alter the main screening parameters with automatic update of the list of identified putative TFBS. PREDetector 2.0 also has the following additional options: (i) access to genome sequences from different databases, (ii) access to weight matrices from public repositories, (iii) visualization of the predicted hits in their genomic context, (iv) grouping of hits identified in the same upstream region, (v) possibility to store the performed jobs, and (vi) automated export of the results in various formats. PREDetector 2.0 is available at http://predetector.fsc.ulg.ac.be/. [less ▲]

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See detailAlejandro Zambra, la mirada del hijo
Licata, Nicolas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Presentación general, en lenguas española y francesa, del escritor chileno Alejandro Zambra (1975) en el marco de su participación en el coloquio "Escribir, leer, pensar la literatura hoy" (ULg).

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See detailAttirer les demandeurs d'emploi dans des formations qualifiantes: l'apport de nouveaux outils
Fonder, Muriel; Mosty, Mathieu; Voz, Bernard ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULiège)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMerger incentives under yardstick competition: A theoretical model
Teusch, Jonas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULiège)
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See detailThe smallholder development by remittances of migrants
Yao Namé, Juste Michel ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The following pages report the results of our survey conducted among (Malian, Senegalese and Mauritanian) Soninké migrants during the period of 14th to 4 December 2015, living in the social residences of ... [more ▼]

The following pages report the results of our survey conducted among (Malian, Senegalese and Mauritanian) Soninké migrants during the period of 14th to 4 December 2015, living in the social residences of the former home Pinel (first home of migrant workers in France). This survey had to aim to discuss the implementation and use of a new tool to transfer the money in order to reduce use of informal channels, to promote financial inclusion, to finance smallholding and to develop entrepreneurship in rural by granting of credits medium or long term via Microfinance Institutions (IMF). [less ▲]

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See detailLa Cour pénale internationale et les entorses aux droits essentiels des personnes privées de liberté
Deprez, Christophe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Ce texte propose un bref aperçu des faiblesses de la pratique de la Cour pénale internationale en matière de privation de liberté.

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULiège)
See detailIT formulae for gamma target: mutual information and relative entropy
Arras, Benjamin ULiege; Swan, Yvik ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailTHE BEAT GENERATION Beat Generation - L’Anthologie Musicale - Hep Cats, Hipsters & Beatniks 1936-1962 (FREMEAUX & ASSOCIES)
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

The Beat Generation - L’Anthologie Musicale - Compte rendu Hep Cats, Hipsters & Beatniks 1936-1962 FREMEAUX & ASSOCIES

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See detailBIG NOISE - Un orchestre belge- Un nouvel hommage, en live, au JAZZ style NEW ORLEANS
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Compte Rendu du 3è opus du groupe BIG NOISE, un orchestre belge qui remet à l'honneur le jazz traditionnel style NEW ORLEANS ( album IGLOO RECORDS)

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See detailL'environnement comme source d'inégalité? Pauvreté et désengagement citoyen dans la ville
Lejeune, Zoé ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailWASP-86b and WASP-102b: super-dense versus bloated planets
Faedi, F.; Gómez Maqueo Chew, Y.; Pollacco, D. et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We report the discovery of two transiting planetary systems: a super dense, sub-Jupiter mass planet WASP-86b (\mpl\ = 0.82 $\pm$ 0.06 \mj, \rpl\ = 0.63 $\pm$ 0.01 \rj), and a bloated, Saturn-like planet ... [more ▼]

We report the discovery of two transiting planetary systems: a super dense, sub-Jupiter mass planet WASP-86b (\mpl\ = 0.82 $\pm$ 0.06 \mj, \rpl\ = 0.63 $\pm$ 0.01 \rj), and a bloated, Saturn-like planet WASP-102b (\mpl\ = 0.62 $\pm$ 0.04 \mj, \rpl\=1.27 $\pm$ 0.03 \rj). They orbit their host star every $\sim$5.03, and $\sim$2.71 days, respectively. The planet hosting WASP-86 is a F7 star (\teff\ = 6330$\pm$110 K, \feh\ = $+$0.23 $\pm$ 0.14 dex, and age $\sim$0.8--1~Gyr), WASP-102 is a G0 star (\teff\ = 5940$\pm$140 K, \feh\ = $-$0.09$\pm$ 0.19 dex, and age $\sim$1~Gyr). These two systems highlight the diversity of planetary radii over similar masses for giant planets with masses between Saturn and Jupiter. WASP-102b shows a larger than model-predicted radius, indicating that the planet is receiving a strong incident flux which contributes to the inflation of its radius. On the other hand, with a density of $\rho_{pl}$ = 3.24$\pm$~0.3~$\rho_{jup}$, WASP-86b is the densest gas giant planet among planets with masses in the range 0.05 $<M$_{pl}$<$ 2.0 \mj. With a stellar mass of 1.34 M$_{\odot}$ and \feh = $+$0.23 dex, WASP-86 could host additional massive and dense planets given that its protoplanetary disc is expected to also have been enriched with heavy elements. In order to match WASP-86b's density, an extrapolation of theoretical models predicts a planet composition of more than 80\% in heavy elements (whether confined in a core or mixed in the envelope). This fraction corresponds to a core mass of approximately 210\me\ for WASP-86b's mass of \mpl$\sim$260\,\me. Only planets with masses larger than about 2\mj\ have larger densities than that of WASP-86b, making it exceptional in its mass range. [less ▲]

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See detailÉcrire, lire, penser la littérature aujourd'hui
Licata, Nicolas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

En décembre 2015 se tenait à l'Université de Liège le colloque international « Écrire, lire, penser la littérature aujourd’hui », organisé en collaboration avec l’Université Paris 8. Au terme de la ... [more ▼]

En décembre 2015 se tenait à l'Université de Liège le colloque international « Écrire, lire, penser la littérature aujourd’hui », organisé en collaboration avec l’Université Paris 8. Au terme de la première journée quatre écrivains sud-américains ont participé à une table ronde intitulée « Théorie, critique et réception : les écrivains face aux savoirs », présidée par les professeurs Kristine Vanden Berghe (ULg) et Diego Vecchio (Paris 8). Il s’agit d’Alejandro Zambra, Hernán Ronsino, Sergio Chejfec et David Toscana. L’objectif était de recueillir l’avis de ces différentes personnalités quant aux grandes questions de la littérature : d’une part, en leur demandant de réagir aux affirmations controversées du critique Rafael Lemus, qui dénonce « l’autisme » de la littérature mexicaine, Kristine Vanden Berghe a interrogé les invités sur la manière dont ils conçoivent la relation entre la littérature et la réalité ainsi que sur l’hétérogénéité de la scène littéraire hispano-américaine ; de l’autre, Diego Vecchio a abordé avec eux la place du lecteur et les recoupements de la littérature avec les autres disciplines étudiant la réalité humaine, telles que la philosophie, la sociologie ou la psychologie. [less ▲]

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See detailThymectomy in myasthenia gravis: removal of the defective 'sick' organ?
Geenen, Vincent ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

As evidenced by this randomized trial, thymectomy clearly improved clinical status of patients with nonthymomatous myasthenia gravis (MG) and this study ends a very long controversy about the interest of ... [more ▼]

As evidenced by this randomized trial, thymectomy clearly improved clinical status of patients with nonthymomatous myasthenia gravis (MG) and this study ends a very long controversy about the interest of this surgical procedure mainly based on previous empirical observations. Although they are not discussed in this important paper, a series of experimental arguments reviewed in joint references argue for the idea that the clinical benefit of thymectomy is primarily due to the removal of the organ primarily implicated in MG pathophysiology. The thymus plays a central role in programming central immunological self-tolerance [1,2], and a thymus dysfunction is a primary event in the development of organ-specific autoimmunity [3,4]. It is therefore not surprising that the surgical removal of the primary 'sick' organ contributes to improve clinical outcomes and to reduce immunosuppressive therapy in MG patients. References: 1. Kamradt T, Mitchison NA. N Engl J Med 2001; 344:655-64. 2. Kyewski B, Klein L. Annu Rev Immunol 2006; 24:571-606. 3. Giraud M, Taubert R, Vandiedonck C, et al. Nature 2007; 448:934-7. 4. Geenen V, Bodart G, Henry S, et al. Front Neurosc 2013; 7:art 187. [less ▲]

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See detailMany-Body Spin Echo
Engl, Thomas; Urbina, Juan Diego; Richter, Klaus et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We predict a universal echo phenomenon present in the time evolution of many-body states of interacting quantum systems described by Fermi-Hubbard models. It consists of the coherent revival of transition ... [more ▼]

We predict a universal echo phenomenon present in the time evolution of many-body states of interacting quantum systems described by Fermi-Hubbard models. It consists of the coherent revival of transition probabilities echoing a sudden flip of the spins that, contrary to its single-particle (Hahn) version, is not dephased by interactions or spin-orbit coupling. The many-body spin echo signal has a universal shape independent of the interaction strength, and an amplitude and sign depending only on combinatorial relations between the number of particles and the number of applied spin flips. Our analytical predictions, based on semiclassical interfering amplitudes in Fock space associated with chaotic mean-field solutions, are tested against extensive numerical simulations confirming that the coherent origin of the echo lies in the existence of anti-unitary symmetries. [less ▲]

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See detailLa myopathie atypique des équidés
Votion, Dominique ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

La myopathie atypique est une maladie saisonnière désormais bien présente en France et en Europe. Elle se caractérise par une destruction des muscles posturaux, respiratoires et du myocarde. Des études ... [more ▼]

La myopathie atypique est une maladie saisonnière désormais bien présente en France et en Europe. Elle se caractérise par une destruction des muscles posturaux, respiratoires et du myocarde. Des études récentes ont montré que la cause est une toxine présente dans les graines de certains arbres du genre « Acer » (érable) dont l'Acer pseudoplatanus ou érable sycomore. [less ▲]

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See detailWaveguides for walking droplets
Filoux, Boris ULiege; Hubert, Maxime ULiege; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

When gently placing a droplet onto a vertically vibrated bath, a drop can bounce without coalescing. Upon increasing the forcing acceleration, the droplet is propelled by the wave it generates and becomes ... [more ▼]

When gently placing a droplet onto a vertically vibrated bath, a drop can bounce without coalescing. Upon increasing the forcing acceleration, the droplet is propelled by the wave it generates and becomes a walker with a well defined speed. We investigate the confinement of a walker in different rectangular cavities, used as waveguides for the Faraday waves emitted by successive droplet bounces. By studying the walker velocities, we discover that 1d confinement is optimal for narrow channels of width of D≃1.5λF. We also propose an analogy with waveguide models based on the observation of the Faraday instability within the channels. [less ▲]

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See detailLars Gustafsson, Strindberg et l'ordinateur [critique]
Dupont, Bruno ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULiège)
See detailLe marché de la transmission d'entreprise en Wallonie: Un éclairage statistique
Guyot, Jean-Luc; Voz, Bernard ULiege; Wiliquet, Muriel ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULiège)
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See detailDistances between probability distributions via characteristic functions and biasing
Azmoodeh, Ehsan; Arras, Benjamin; Poly, Guillaume et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (5 ULiège)
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See detailStein operators for product distributions, with applications
Mijoule, Guillaume; Gaunt, Robert; Swan, Yvik ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULiège)
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See detailStein's method on the second Wiener chaos : 2-Wasserstein distance
Arras, Benjamin; Mijoule, Guillaume; Poly, Guillaume et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailPublic Education Expenditures, Growth and Income Inequality
Artige, Lionel ULiege; Cavenaile, Laurent

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (4 ULiège)
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See detailThe Impact of Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Changes on Mobility Patterns in West Africa
Zickgraf, Caroline ULiege; Vigil Diaz Telenti, Sara ULiege; de Longueville, Florence et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously ... [more ▼]

From the Sahel to the coast, West Africa is experiencing a variety of climate change impacts, including sea level rise, soil salinization, floods, drought, and desertification, while simultaneously suffering from other forms of environmental degradation. Together, these environmental changes are significantly influencing migration patterns in and out of West Africa. This paper seeks to analyze vulnerability and resilience to environmental changes as they affect and are affected by mobility patterns in the region. We assert that the impact of environmental changes cannot be isolated from other political, social, economic, and demographic pressures that together drive human mobility. In a region where natural resources form the foundation of livelihoods and food security (fishing and agriculture), the relationship between environmental changes and socioeconomic vulnerabilities is of particular concern. This paper therefore draws from four distinct case studies to grasp the variegated and cumulative vulnerability and resilience among local populations as they relate to internal and intraregional migration. [less ▲]

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See detailSuccess SMB:Leadership And Multidimensional Management. An exploratory Study.
Robert, Jocelyne ULiege; Renerken, Alexandre

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Some small and medium-sized businesses achieve incredible success: their financial indicators increase and their employment rate rises for several years without failing. How are these businesses lead? How ... [more ▼]

Some small and medium-sized businesses achieve incredible success: their financial indicators increase and their employment rate rises for several years without failing. How are these businesses lead? How is their leadership perceived? On which values do they rely? How can their strategy be described? What is their human resources policy? These are among the many questions we will attempt to examine. Indeed, one can be intrigued by the success of such businesses, as keeping afloat is not always easy. The very competitive environment in which these enterprises evolve can cause them to lose everything they had gathered in just a single day. In our challenging socio-economical context, where financial success remains fragile and larger companies are forced to lay off parts of their workforce, small and mediumsized businesses are a significant source of employment. They are more and more involved in the economic revival. It is therefore not surprising that many studies have examined the questions of business growth, performances or efficiency (Lescure, 1991 ; St Pierre, Janssen, Julien, Therrien, 2005 ; Colot, 2008 ; Witmeur, 2008a). The success of a company rests on many factors. Among these, leadership seems fundamental but is actually far from alone; other elements play their part, such as strategic orientation and partnerships. In order to understand these exceptional cases, we must consider a whole series of factors. Nowadays, when mention is made of a situation of growth, one can be tempted to visualize a fierce race driven only by financial results. As we will observe, this theory needs to be reviewed. Among the companies that have been interviewed, the ones which have the most significant growth are those that grant much importance to the human and relational factors. They organize the various facets of business management according to their specific situation. Situations are complex and, to a certain extent, different from one another. Our purpose was precisely to understand this complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailLe législateur wallon sommé de revoir le découpage des circonscriptions électorales
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Le caractère proportionnel de notre système électoral n’est pas un vain mot et ne peut être contourné. C’est ce que viennent de rappeler deux arrêts, le premier, prononcé par le Conseil d’État, datant du ... [more ▼]

Le caractère proportionnel de notre système électoral n’est pas un vain mot et ne peut être contourné. C’est ce que viennent de rappeler deux arrêts, le premier, prononcé par le Conseil d’État, datant du 20 novembre 2014 (n° 229.252) , le second, rendu par la Cour constitutionnelle le 26 novembre 2015 (n° 169/2015) . Le Parlement wallon doit revoir la carte électorale en vue des prochaines élections. [less ▲]

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See detailCore Content Classification in General Practice Family medicine (3CGP) The Q-Codes user guide
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

user guide and general explanation pages for the Q-codes, a classification of managerial issues in General Practice / Family Medicine

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See detailL’aménagement forestier au Congo engendre-t-il plus de déforestation ?
Karsenty, Alain; Cerutti, P.; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULiege et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Un article publié dans Land Use Policy début 2016 arrive à la conclusion a priori étonnante que la déforestation serait, au Congo, plus élevée dans les concessions forestières avec des plans d’aménagement ... [more ▼]

Un article publié dans Land Use Policy début 2016 arrive à la conclusion a priori étonnante que la déforestation serait, au Congo, plus élevée dans les concessions forestières avec des plans d’aménagement que dans celles qui n’en ont pas. L’analyse d’évaluation d’impact qui a conduit ces chercheurs à un tel résultat se base sur un appariement de parcelles sélectionnées aléatoirement dans des concessions avec et sans plans d’aménagement. Ces chercheurs indiquent que le réseau de routes forestières plus développé dans les concessions aménagées serait un des facteurs explicatifs. L’autre facteur serait le développement local lié aux cahiers des charges des plans d’aménagement, lequel conduirait à une augmentation de la population dans ces concessions et à une déforestation accrue. Notre groupe d’une vingtaine de chercheurs connaissant bien la problématique de l’aménagement forestier en Afrique centrale s’est penché à son tour sur cette question et a analysé la déforestation au niveau des concessions sur le même intervalle de temps. Nos résultats montrent, cette fois, que la déforestation est moins importante dans les concessions avec un plan d’aménagement que dans les autres. Et si l’on compare à production égale la déforestation dans des concessions avec et sans plan d’aménagement, il apparaît que les UFA aménagées sont environ deux fois plus « efficaces », c’est-à-dire qu’on observe deux fois moins de perte de couvert forestier par mètre-cube produit. Nous en concluons qu’il est nécessaire d’analyser précisément la dynamique des différents facteurs de déforestation, et éviter d’imputer mécaniquement à l’aménagement forestier un rôle excessif dans l’évolution dans un sens ou dans l’autre du taux de déboisement. Enfin, toute évaluation doit rappeler que les effets de l’aménagement forestier doivent être mesurés sur le long terme : l’objectif de l’aménagement est de permettre une mise en valeur forestière durable, en conservant l’essentiel du capital productif pour éviter, autant que possible, la conversion à d’autres usages après les cycles de coupe initiaux. [less ▲]

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See detailFive years on for Fukushima's IDPs: Life with radiological risk and without a community safety net
Hasegawa, Reiko ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

On the fifth anniversary of the Fukushima nuclear accident, the article analyses what are at stake in the communities affected by the disaster, based on the result of the field interviews conducted in ... [more ▼]

On the fifth anniversary of the Fukushima nuclear accident, the article analyses what are at stake in the communities affected by the disaster, based on the result of the field interviews conducted in Fukushima. [less ▲]

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See detailSouthern Blues Night , Heerlen (Hollande) 19 mars 2016
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Compte rendu de la Southern Blues Night annuelle de Heerlen aux Pays Bas, avec photos

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See detailNote on the numerical solution of the scalar Helmholtz equation in a nanotorus with uniform Dirichlet boundary conditions
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULiege; Evrard, Roger ULiege; Stroscio, Michael

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This note describes the solution of the Helmholtz equation inside a nanotorus with uniform Dirichlet boundary conditions. The eigenfunction symmetry is discussed and the lower-order eigenvalues and ... [more ▼]

This note describes the solution of the Helmholtz equation inside a nanotorus with uniform Dirichlet boundary conditions. The eigenfunction symmetry is discussed and the lower-order eigenvalues and eigenfunctions are shown. The similarity with the case of a long cylinder and with that of the vibrations of a circular elastic membrane is discussed. This similarity is used to propose a classification scheme of the eigenfunctions based on three indices. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Smallest Salable Patent-Practicing Unit ('SSPPU') Experiment, General Purpose Technologies and the Coase Theorem
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

In the last years, some Standard-Setting Organizations (“SSOs”) active in wireless communications have experimented new pricing principles for standard essential patents (“SEPs”). One of those experiments ... [more ▼]

In the last years, some Standard-Setting Organizations (“SSOs”) active in wireless communications have experimented new pricing principles for standard essential patents (“SEPs”). One of those experiments is the “SSPPU” rule. Under SSPPU, the licensing rates paid to owners of SEPs for the use of their technology shall reflect the “value that the functionality of the claimed invention or inventive feature…contributes to the value of the relevant functionality of the smallest saleable Compliant Implementation that practices the Essential Patent Claim”. This paper reviews the SSPPU experiment through the lenses of the Coase theorem. It finds that SSPPU interferes with the efficient operation of the price system, and is likely to reduce investment in socially beneficial activities, including in General Purpose Technologies (“GPTs”) which are key drivers of economic growth. [less ▲]

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See detailLa diversité des expressions culturelles au tourbillon du numérique
Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

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See detailContinuous Departure Time of Day Preferences for Continental U.S. Airline Markets Segmented by Distance, Direction of Travel, Number of Time Zones, Day of Week and Itinerary Type
Lurkin, Virginie ULiege; Garrow, Laurie; Higgins, Matthew et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Airlines use itinerary choice models to allocate the total number of passengers in a city pair to specific itineraries. In a related paper, we estimated a multinomial logit (MNL) itinerary choice model ... [more ▼]

Airlines use itinerary choice models to allocate the total number of passengers in a city pair to specific itineraries. In a related paper, we estimated a multinomial logit (MNL) itinerary choice model using database of more than 3 million tickets for Continental U.S. markets provided by the Airlines Reporting Corporation that accounted for price endogeneity. The size and comprehensiveness of our database allowed us to estimate highly refined continuous departure time of day preference curves that account for distance, direction of travel, the number of time zones traversed, departure day of week and itinerary type (outbound, inbound or one-way). This paper and accompanying Excel spreadsheet located at http://garrowlab.ce.gatech.edu contain the results of all model coefficients (including the 1260 time of day parameters) and summarize results in a series of ten figures. These highly-refined time of day preference curves can be used by airlines, researchers, and government organizations in the evaluation of demand-management and other policies. [less ▲]

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See detailPolitique de la Ville : Dynamisation des coeurs de ville
Bastin, Florine ULiege; Lacroix, Gilles; May, Xavier et al

E-print/Working paper (2016)

La régionalisation de la Politique Fédérale des Grandes Villes, suite à la sixième réforme de l’Etat, fut une opportunité de s’interroger sur les objectifs et l’organisation d’une Politique de la Ville en ... [more ▼]

La régionalisation de la Politique Fédérale des Grandes Villes, suite à la sixième réforme de l’Etat, fut une opportunité de s’interroger sur les objectifs et l’organisation d’une Politique de la Ville en Wallonie. Dans ce cadre, la note de recherche CPDT n°63 « Politique de la ville. Dynamisation des cœurs de ville » répond à la volonté du Gouvernement wallon de se doter d’une vision territoriale stratégique sur le long terme et est un premier pas vers la mise en place d’une politique de la ville intégrée en Wallonie. Cette note fait le point sur, d’une part, les différentes politiques et outils relatifs à la restructuration et à la dynamisation des tissus urbains, au sens large, établis au niveau régional, fédéral et européen et, d’autre part, les propositions et recommandations relatives à l’évolution du cadre actuel. Cette réflexion s’adresse évidemment aux acteurs concernés par les enjeux de gouvernance urbaine : les décideurs politiques, les villes et les communes mais concerne aussi le citoyen. [less ▲]

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See detailHistoires de rayons verts : phénomène physique, critique de cinéma, spectateurs mélancoliques
Barbion, Sébastien ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

En s’appuyant sur la physique, un roman de Jules Verne et un film de Rohmer, ce texte déplie les différents aspects théoriques et pratiques contenus dans le concept de rayon vert : un type de perception ... [more ▼]

En s’appuyant sur la physique, un roman de Jules Verne et un film de Rohmer, ce texte déplie les différents aspects théoriques et pratiques contenus dans le concept de rayon vert : un type de perception, une manière de concevoir la critique de cinéma, une expérience de spectateur. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole dans les pays de la CEPGL
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULiege; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda ... [more ▼]

Cet article fait une analyse comparative des résultats économiques de la production rizicole durant la saison B 2014 dans les trois pays de la CEPGL qui sont la République Démocratique du Congo, le Rwanda et le Burundi. L’approche comparative permet de trouver les explications des différences des résultats en partie dans les politiques mises en oeuvre dans chaque pays. Les enquêtes ont été menées dans la plaine de la Ruzizi partagée entre les trois pays auprès de 240 producteurs du riz choisi à partir de la méthode des quotas sur la base d'une stratification des exploitations rizicoles. Dans le site congolais (où il est plus difficile d’accéder aux intrants et crédits), les coûts de production d’1kg de paddy sont les plus élevés avec une fonction de production y=0,034x+0,053z+0,422 et le rendement le plus bas (2698kgs). Par contre, dans les sites burundais et rwandais où l’Etat intervient dans l’approvisionnement en intrants et particulièrement dans le site rwandais, l’accès aux crédits, les fonctions de production sont respectivement de y=0,024x+0,031z+0,297 et y=0,017x+0,023z+0,269 avec des rendements de 3962kgs et 5339kgs dans le même ordre. Les coûts de production supportés sur un hectare rizicole ou encore pour la production d’une tonne de paddy varient selon le pays car ils dépendent de la valeur des intrants utilisés et des autres charges de structures. Ils varient ainsi de 1139,4USD à 1354,5USD/ ha et de 269 à 422USD/tonne. [less ▲]

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See detailFundamentals for an International Typology of Social Enterprise Models
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Nyssens, Marthe

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (9 ULiège)
See detailRossano Rosi, "Hanska": un roman en "feuilleté"
Demoulin, Laurent ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Compte rendu du beau roman de Rossano Rosi "Hanska"

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See detailChinese State Capitalism and Western Antitrust Policy
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Enthused by China’s conversion to the free market system in 1978 and its adoption of Western-style market institutions, the world has spent the last few decades turning a blind eye to China’s real ... [more ▼]

Enthused by China’s conversion to the free market system in 1978 and its adoption of Western-style market institutions, the world has spent the last few decades turning a blind eye to China’s real “governance” problem: that a shadow Party-State system permeates all branches of the economy. Whatever Washington-consensus style institutions are put in place, whatever State Owned Enterprise (“SOE”) reform is introduced, corporate and market governance occur under the rule of the Chinese Communist Party (“CCP”). And the CCP’s guidebook is the Leninist command that the whole of society shall be run as “single country-wide State syndicate”. This paper contends that China’s syndicated economic organization is akin to a “supertrust”, and that this creates conditions that are conducive to antitrust problems to which the Western world must awaken. In this context, this paper advances that the antitrust regulators of North America, Europe and elsewhere should take two simple, pragmatic steps under merger control and antitrust rules. In merger review, antitrust agencies should treat all SOEs and Privately Owned Enterprises (POEs) with a CCP cell as one unitary group and undertake a thorough competitive assessment of transactions on this basis. In addition, antitrust cases involving Chinese firms should be investigated on the default assumption that there is an underlying coordination scheme among them. [less ▲]

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See detailSize and Value Matter But Not the Way You Thought
Lambert, Marie ULiege; Fays, Boris ULiege; Hübner, Georges ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

We propose a simple but fundamental methodological change to Fama and French (1993) factor construction procedure. Consistent with Lambert and Hübner (2013) sequential sorting procedure to classify stocks ... [more ▼]

We propose a simple but fundamental methodological change to Fama and French (1993) factor construction procedure. Consistent with Lambert and Hübner (2013) sequential sorting procedure to classify stocks, our methodology controls ex ante for pricing errors produced by multifactor models. Our size and value factors deliver less specification errors when used to price portfolios, especially regarding low size and high B/M stocks. Furthermore, this alternative framework generates much stronger “turn-of-the-year” size and “through-the-year” book-to-market effects than conventionally documented. The factors also display a slight competitive advantage on the taxonomy of low turnover market anomalies defined by Novy-Marx and Velikov (2015). [less ▲]

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See detailIntensification of smallholder agriculture in Rwanda: scenarios and challenges towards a sustainable transformation
Musabanganji, Edouard ULiege; Karangwa, Antoine; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that ... [more ▼]

This paper clarifies the path that Rwanda took in the quest for a modern, intensive, productive and market-oriented agriculture. The facts presented here have been collected by means of documentation that led to the review of different publications including published papers and government and development partners’ reports. The paper shows that an adequate policy and institutional environment has been created by various socio-economic, institutional and agriculture-led reforms launched since the early 2000s. The literature review reveals that impressive results have been recorded in regard to smallholder agriculture intensification. In addition, the theoretical model for progressive smallholder agriculture transformation helped to show that most of the smallholders grouped in cooperatives are at the 'semi-commercial smallholders' stage while only a few are at the 'commercial smallholders' and 'advanced farmers' stages. This study also examines various challenges that hamper the sustainable intensification of smallholder agriculture at both institutional, community and smallholder level. It suggests some policy actions to be put forward by the government and other agriculture sector development partners to address those challenges. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term care social insurance. How to avoid big losses?
Klimaviciute, Justina ULiege; Pestieau, Pierre ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Long-term care (LTC) needs are expected to rapidly increase in the next decades and at the same time the main provider of LTC, namely the family is stalling. This calls for more involvement of the state ... [more ▼]

Long-term care (LTC) needs are expected to rapidly increase in the next decades and at the same time the main provider of LTC, namely the family is stalling. This calls for more involvement of the state that today covers less than 20% of these needs and most often in an inconsistent way. Besides the need to help the poor dependent, there is a mounting concern in the middlec lass that a number of dependent people are incurring costs that could force them to sell all their assets. In this paper we study the design of a social insurance that meets this concern. Following Arrow (1963), we suggest a policy that is characterized by complete insurance above a deductible amount. [less ▲]

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See detailMoral Hazard in VC Finance: More Expensive than You Thought
Lambert, Marie ULiege; Tennert, Julius; Burghof, Hans-Peter

E-print/Working paper (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (3 ULiège)
See detailNonlinear dynamical tunneling of optical whispering gallery modes in the presence of a Kerr nonlinearity
Shim, Jeong -Bo ULiege; Schlagheck, Peter ULiege; Hentschel, Martina et al

E-print/Working paper (2015)

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See detailIdentification of the concepts at stake during a consultation. Clinical exercises
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

During a consultation between a patient and a doctor, symptoms, process and health problems are at stake and could be identified and retrieved through the use of ICPC.(refer to www.ph3c.org) Specific ... [more ▼]

During a consultation between a patient and a doctor, symptoms, process and health problems are at stake and could be identified and retrieved through the use of ICPC.(refer to www.ph3c.org) Specific training and managerial competences of the doctor could be identified and explained through the Q-Codes Together ICPC and Q-Codes form 3CGP ; Core Content Classification in General Practice/ Family Medicine The concepts identified in ICPC and Q-Codes could be useful to understand and teach the content of consultation in family medicine. [less ▲]

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See detailFestivals Acadiens et Creoles
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Comptes-rendus avec photos et liens Internet : 1) Houston et Galveston ( TX) 2) Festivals Acadiens et Créoles à Lafayette ( LA) jours 1 , 2 et 3 3) Lafayette by night

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See detailFrom 'Risk Communication' to Participatory Radiation Risk Assessment
Shirabe, Masashi; Fassert, Christine; Hasegawa, Reiko ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

In the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear accident, many of the post¿disaster responses undertaken by the Japanese government sparked vivid debates and criticisms from the civil society. The article ... [more ▼]

In the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear accident, many of the post¿disaster responses undertaken by the Japanese government sparked vivid debates and criticisms from the civil society. The article examines the post-accidental management of the authorities, with a special focus on their risk communication, and explores what went wrong in the process. It deals with the issues of risk assessment, expertise, counter-expertise, policy-makings, stakeholder participation, and trust in crisis and disaster situations. [less ▲]

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See detailQui ne risque rien n'a rien... Ou comment la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme incite le justiciable à éprouver la protection de ses droits fondamentaux devant son juge national
Rosoux, Géraldine ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

L'article analyse la décision Gherghina c. Roumanie du 9 juillet 2015, qui rejette une requête pour défaut d'épuisement des voies de recours internes.

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See detailElmore D. L'intégrale Frémeaux et Ass.
Sacré, Robert ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Compte rendu Coffret 5 CDs + livret . La Wallon et le Blues , un mariage réussi

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See detailMars nighttime aurora
European Space Agency, ESA/ATG medialab; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULiege; Soret, Lauriane ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

Press release by the European Space Agency (ESA) on the occasion of the publication in two journals of the peer-reviewed literature

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See detailRebates and Article 102 TFEU: The European Commission's Duty to Apply the Guidance Paper
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2015)

This paper shows that the European Union (EU) courts' case-law and general principles of EU law place the European Commission (“Commission”) under a duty to apply the Guidance Communication on Enforcement ... [more ▼]

This paper shows that the European Union (EU) courts' case-law and general principles of EU law place the European Commission (“Commission”) under a duty to apply the Guidance Communication on Enforcement Priorities (“Guidance Paper”) in abuse of dominance cases started after its adoption. This duty includes the obligation to test Article 102 TFEU cases under the As Efficient Competitor (“AEC”) framework, as set out in the 2009 Guidance Paper. The judgments handed down by the Union courts in Intel v Commission and Post Danmark II do not alter in any way the Commission’s “self binding” duty to apply the Guidance Paper. If the Commission wishes to depart from the AEC framework, it must officially withdraw its Guidance Paper. [less ▲]

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