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See detailLa mission Cassini-Huygens: Récit de 13 années d'observation des merveilles de Saturne
Palmaerts, Benjamin ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

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See detailCaractérisations phénotypiques des populations de pintades (Numida meleagris) locales élevées au Bénin
Houndonougbo, Pascal ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

La pintade (Numida meleagris) est une volaille d’origine africaine. Son élevage est répandu en Afrique subsaharienne dans un système traditionnel où plusieurs variétés sont élevées en liberté. Ces ... [more ▼]

La pintade (Numida meleagris) est une volaille d’origine africaine. Son élevage est répandu en Afrique subsaharienne dans un système traditionnel où plusieurs variétés sont élevées en liberté. Ces variétés qui diffèrent par le coloris de leur plumage sont très peu caractérisées. Au nord Bénin, l’élevage avicole moderne est peu rencontré et la pintade constitue la pondeuse d’œufs de table dans cette région. Mais, la mortalité élevée, la faible productivité de la pintade locale limitent fortement le développement de son élevage. Il est alors nécessaire de caractériser les variétés de pintades élevées pour mieux les valoriser dans un système amélioré. L’objectif de cette thèse est de caractériser phénotypiquement la population de pintade locale élevée au Bénin afin de mieux valoriser l’espèce dans des programmes d’amélioration et de développement du secteur avicole national. Une revue bibliographique (Article de synthèse) a permis de réaliser l’état des lieux de l’élevage de pintade au Bénin et de mieux orienter nos travaux pour une bonne caractérisation des variétés élevées. L’existence de plusieurs variétés dans les élevages a été soulignée dans la revue bibliographique et nous a amené à des enquêtes et un suivi des élevages de pintades en milieu villageois. Ces enquêtes et suivi nous ont permis de caractériser les pintades locales dans leur milieu d’élevage selon les dire des éleveurs. Ils nous ont aussi permis de dégager selon les éleveurs, les objectifs de production, l’importance socio-économique et culturelle des variétés élevées. L’influence de l’alimentation sur les performances technico-économiques des pintades locales a été soulignée dans l’Article de synthèse et l’Article I. Cette influence a été abordée en évaluant l’influence de l’alimentation sur le potentiel de croissance de la pintade locale en station (Article II). Enfin, des travaux ont été réalisés en station pour mieux caractériser les variétés de pintades rencontrées dans les élevages sur le plan morphologique, performances de croissance et de reproduction (Articles III, IV et V). Ces différents travaux nous ont permis de recenser les différentes variétés de pintades locales élevées au Bénin, les objectifs d’élevage des éleveurs ainsi que quelques difficultés liées au développement de cet élevage. Ces travaux nous ont surtout permis de mieux caractériser les variétés rencontrées. Cette caractérisation pourrait être valorisée pour améliorer la productivité des variétés par sélection. [less ▲]

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See detailAstronomical calibration of the Famennian (Upper Devonian) time scale
Pas, Damien ULiege; Hinnov, Linda; Day James (Jed), James E et al

in Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs. Vol. 49, No. 6 (2017, October 23)

The Late Devonian was affected by major, irreversible changes including two of the most severe biodiversity crises in Earth’s history, the so-called Kellwasser and Hangenberg Events (respectively near the ... [more ▼]

The Late Devonian was affected by major, irreversible changes including two of the most severe biodiversity crises in Earth’s history, the so-called Kellwasser and Hangenberg Events (respectively near the Frasnian – Famennian (F-F) and the Devonian – Carboniferous (D-C) boundaries). Currently, hypotheses for the Late Devonian extinctions include sea-level fluctuations and regression, climate cooling, ocean anoxia, massive volcanism and/or bolide impact. Unfortunately, testing these hypotheses is impaired by a lack of sufficient temporal resolution in paleobiological, tectonic and proxy climate records. Recent advances in astronomical calibration have improved the accuracy of the Frasnian time scale and part of the Famennian. However, the time duration of the Famennian Stage remains poorly constrained. During the Late Devonian, an epieric sea in North-America mid-continent occupied the Illinois Basin where a complete Late Frasnian – Early Carboniferous succession of deep-shelf deposits was archived. A record of this sequence is captured in three overlapping cores (H-30, Sullivan Slough and H-32). The H-30 core section spans the F-F boundary; the Sullivan Slough section spans almost all of the Famennian and the H-32 section sampled spans the D-C boundary. To have the best chance of capturing Milankovitch cycles, 2200 rock samples were collected at minimum 5-cm-interval across the entire sequence. Magnetic susceptibility (MS) was measured on each sample and the preservation of climatic information into the signal was verified through geochemical analyses. To estimate the duration of the Famennian stage, we applied multiple spectral techniques and tuned the MS signal using the highly stable 405 k.y. cycle for Sullivan Slough and the obliquity cycle (34.4 k.y.; Waltham, 2015) for the H-30 and H-32 cores. Based on the correlation between the cores and the tuning, we constructed a Famennian astronomical time scale, which indicates a duration of 13.3 m.y. An uncertainty of ± 0.5 m.y. was calculated to assess the errors raising from the stratigraphic position of the F-F and D-C boundaries, and the 405 k.y. cycle counting error. Our estimate duration is very close to the GTS-2012 duration (Becker, 2012) interpolated from the high-resolution (U/Pb) radiometric ages available for the uppermost Devonian. [less ▲]

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See detailIndexing grey multilingual literature in General Practice in the era of Semantic Web
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege; Resnick, Melissa; Ittoo, Ashwin ULiege et al

in The Grey Journal (2017, October 23)

Problem/Goal: Sharing the results of research with General Practitioners (GPs) is crucial for the survival of the discipline of General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). The production of abstracts in ... [more ▼]

Problem/Goal: Sharing the results of research with General Practitioners (GPs) is crucial for the survival of the discipline of General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). The production of abstracts in GP/FM probably exceeds 15,000 per year worldwide. Each abstract often represents two years of work for its authors and is expressed in local languages. Only 45% of them are published in indexed medical journals. Usual indexing systems like MeSH are not multilingual nor adapted to the particular field of GP/FM. Consequently, these abstracts are lacking bibliographic control and more than half of the research presented by GPs at congresses is lost. Considering the absence of appropriate domain-specific terminologies or classification systems, we propose a new multilingual indexing system. The existing International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC) is currently used for clinical purposes and has now been expanded with a taxonomy related to contextual aspects (called Q-Codes) such as education, research, practice organization, ethics or policy in GP/FM, currently not captured. The set is proposed under the name Core Content Classification in General Practice (3CGP). The aim is to facilitate indexing of GP/FM specific scientific work and to improve performance in information storage and retrieval for research purposes in this field. Research Method/Procedure: Using qualitative analysis, a corpus of 1,702 abstracts from six GP/FM- related European congresses was analyzed to identify main themes discussed by GPs (e.g., continuity, accessibility or medical ethics), handled in a domain-specific taxonomy called Q-Codes and translated in 8 languages. In addition, a methodology for building a lightweight ontology (in OWL-2) was applied to Q-Codes, adding object and datatype properties to the hierarchical relations, including mapping to the MeSH thesaurus, Babelnet (www.babelnet.org) and Dbpedia. Finally, the Q-Codes in 8 languages have been integrated healthcare terminology service (www.hetop.eu/q) with a companion website (http://3cgp.docpatient.net). Anticipated Results of the Research: The creation and the on-line publication of this multilingual terminological resource, for indexing abstracts and for facilitating Medline searches, could reduce loss of knowledge in the domain. In addition, through better indexing of the grey literature (congress abstracts, master’s and doctoral thesis), we hope to enhance the accessibility of research results of GP/FM domain and promote the emergence of networks of researchers. First result of experimental implementations of the new indexing system will be presented. Indication of costs related to the project: This project has not been funded. 3CGP is placed under Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share-Alike 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0). ICPC is copyrighted by WONCA. keywords General practice, Terminology, Electronic publishing, Repository, Grey Literature. [less ▲]

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See detailPrésentation du film "Octobre" de S.M. Eisenstein
Tomasovic, Dick ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Présentation du contexte historique et des grands traits esthétiques du film Octobre de SM Eisenstein

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See detailAnalyse comparée des chaines de valeur du riz dans la plaine de la Ruzizi de la Communauté Economique des pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL)
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

This thesis aims at carrying out a comparative study of three rice value chains in the Ruzizi plain shared between three countries of the Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL) namely ... [more ▼]

This thesis aims at carrying out a comparative study of three rice value chains in the Ruzizi plain shared between three countries of the Economic Community of the Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL) namely Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. These include the Burundi rice value chain (Imbo Plain), the Congolese rice value chain (Ruzizi Plain) and the Rwandan rice value chain (Bugarama Plain). The diagnostic analysis was about analyzing the rice-farming environment (ie policies and support services accessed by actors along the value chain), analyzing economic performance of these three value chains and to identify the factors that may foster the development of a value chain with a regional potential. For this purpose, the study adopted the field approach, which allowed carrying out investigations during three years (2013 to 2015). The data collection process involved a sample of 228 actors distributed equitably among the three countries. It combined several techniques, namely, direct stakeholder surveys (producers, processors, collectors, wholesalers and retailers), interviews with various support structures and state services, focus group discussions with producer groups and representatives of their organizations. The analysis of these three value chains driving conditions linked the policies implemented in each country and the access by the actors to certain production factors and services such as land, water, credit and the use of inputs. It also highlighted the issue of wage labor and its different roles in the sector. The analysis shows that land policy in Bugarama plain in Rwanda has reduced the cost of land to more than half compared to land costs in Burundi and the DRC. Moreover, this policy is accused by the producers of Bugarama of limiting their entrepreneurial innovations since they can not enlarge their farms (the cultivated area is 0.23 ha). Despite the high cost of water access and management, all rice plots access irrigation water in Rwanda, while the lack of organization and good water management is one of the factors behind low yields in Burundi and the DRC, where 25% and 40% of the rice plots have difficulties in accessing water. Regarding access to agricultural credit, the results reveal that the value chain of rice in the three countries experiences the lack of funding in spite of improvements observed in Rwanda. The rate of access to credit is 17.5% (in Burundi), 16% (in DRC) and 52.8% (in Rwanda), and among them rice farmers with access to formal credits account for only 8% (in Burundi), 10% (in the DRC) and 37.5% (in Rwanda). Analysis of the wage labour force shows that labor is not as widely available as was thought in the study area. Indeed, the DRC is the zone of deficit in wage labor due to the rural exodus and the diversity of economic activities. In the DRC, 60% of the rice workforce used is foreign, including 46% from Burundi and 14% from Rwanda. This mobility of the workforce leads to technology transfers, the supply of inputs at lower cost, but also to consolidate the social cohesion in a post-conflict context. The economic analysis of these three value chains reveals that production costs in the study area remain very high, varying between 292 and 388USD per ton. The highest costs are observed in the DRC where paradoxically there is a better financial performance in terms of profit and added value. The statistical tests carried out on certain parameters identified by the financial analysis undermines the policies regarding the inputs subsidies, agricultural financing and fixing sales prices. Indeed, there are no significant differences between the means of rice farmers who benefit from these policies and those who do not. Paradoxically, statistical analyzes reveal that rice farmers not affected by the pricing policy (they are not price takers) have a good financial performance in terms of income. The three studied areas are complementary in terms of the development potentials of a regional value chain. Indeed, Rwanda has modern underutilization peeling plants that are capable of responding almost entirely to the needs of the whole plain. In addition, Burundi and the DRC should develop land and water potentials to increase production. Several other regional structures in favor of the regional value chain have to be relaunched or strengthened in logic of rice development in the Ruzizi plain. These include the benefits of economic integration of the CEPGL countries. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligence artificielle, et si rien n’était déterminé ?
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au ... [more ▼]

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au développement de l'intelligence artificielle les dimensions éthiques, morales et politiques dont ils manquent cruellement. [less ▲]

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See detailL’Antiquité pour convaincre. L’histoire romaine dans les libelles de la Ligue parisienne (1585-1594) : rhétorique et circulation du savoir historique
Goderniaux, Alexandre ULiege

Conference (2017, October 23)

Les écritures du passé dans les libelles de la Ligue parisienne (1585-1594) sont tout particulièrement protéiformes. Par une approche pratique des modalités dans lesquelles ces pamphlets convoquent les ... [more ▼]

Les écritures du passé dans les libelles de la Ligue parisienne (1585-1594) sont tout particulièrement protéiformes. Par une approche pratique des modalités dans lesquelles ces pamphlets convoquent les figures et les préceptes de la Rome ancienne, la communication visera à apporter un nouvel éclairage sur l’impact de l’Antiquité sur la pensée moderne. Les libelles ligueurs sont des textes d’action dont la principale – sinon la seule – raison d’être est de convaincre ceux qui les lisent ou les entendent d’agir conformément aux recommandations du camp ultra-catholique ennemi de Henri de Bourbon. Issus d’une culturel foncièrement orale, il s’agit plus de supports de discours que de livres de collection. L’influence de la rhétorique y est dès lors considérable. C’est pourquoi la première partie de la communication ambitionne de montrer comment les libellistes ont puisé dans le vivier des exempla antiques, ce que les rhétoriciens nomment dispositio : chaque auteur procède-t-il de façon identique ? Leurs méthodes oratoires sont-elles héritées ou créées pour l’occasion ? Comment se combinent-elles ? Que reste-t-il de l’histoire antique après ce passage à la moulinette rhétorique ? Les libellistes ligueurs manipulent-ils les figures romaines comme des modèles parmi d’autres ou accordent-ils un statut privilégié à ces prestigieux exempla ? De nombreux exemples représentatifs seront utilisés pour illustrer cette partie technique. La seconde partie visera à éclairer une étape encore plus fondamentale des modalités d’utilisation de l’histoire antique dans l’écriture polémique, à savoir la sélection des figures et des préceptes aptes à convaincre, que les rhétoriciens nomment inventio. Ce sera l’occasion de démonter combien les écritures de l’Antiquité romaine dans libelles de la Ligue illustrent parfaitement la transition « des “histoires” à “l’historique” » (D. Woolf) typique du xvie siècle. Les auteurs des libelles, essentiellement des juristes et des prédicateurs, ne sont pas des spécialistes de l’histoire mais de la rhétorique : comme de brefs exemples permettront de le démontrer, dans le but de convaincre, ils manipulent des références romaines qu’ils ne maîtrisent que superficiellement. Plusieurs hypothèses pourront être établies à propos de la nature des sources dans lesquelles les exempla antiques sont sélectionnés, de la méthode de recopiage de passages d’histoire ancienne et de leur mobilisation au service d’un argumentaire politique. Étudiant ces sources longtemps délaissées par les historiens sous les angles successifs de la dispositio et de l’inventio, la communication entend démontrer que la production d’« historiens sans le vouloir ou sans le savoir » (F. Lestringuant) permet, tout autant que les grands livres d’histoire, de déterminer la prégnance et les modalités de convocation de la culture historique antique dans une société donnée. Un bénéfice d’une telle approche est de prendre la mesure de la fragmentation et de la polymorphie de l’héritage antique aux Temps modernes. En conclusion, on essayera de répondre à une dernière question : cette présence et ces modalités de convocation de l’histoire romaine dans les libelles ligueurs sont-ils une exception, ou un chaînon entre l’histoire antique et notre culture historique actuelle ? [less ▲]

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See detailHydrothermal self-assembly of sodium manganese iron phosphate particles: Growth mechanism and electrochemical performance in lithium-ion battery
Karegeya, claude; Mahmoud, Abdelfattah ULiege; Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULiege et al

in Solid State Ionics (2017), 312

Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 (NMFP) dandelion sphere-like particles were successfully synthesized via a hydrothermal route without addition of any templates or surfactants (laboratory and pilot scales). The ... [more ▼]

Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 (NMFP) dandelion sphere-like particles were successfully synthesized via a hydrothermal route without addition of any templates or surfactants (laboratory and pilot scales). The hydrothermal reactor (pilot scale) is equipped with stirrer for continuous agitation of reagents during the reaction. The obtained materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, Mössbauer spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy. Results show that Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 samples obtained from the reaction performed at laboratory scale have hierarchical dandelion sphere-like morphology and the dandelions consist of micro-/nano-rods. On the other hand, we obtained the self-assembly nano-rods morphology for the particles prepared using hydrothermal reactor. On the basis of the experimental results, a growth mechanism of Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 self-assembly and dandelion sphere-like particles was proposed. Temperature and time of hydrothermal reaction are found to be crucial parameters in controlling the growth of Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 particles. In addition, investigation of the effect of continuous stirring during the hydrothermal reaction shows that the reaction time can be optimized to obtain Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 with small particles size. The influence of stirring on the NMFP morphology has been clearly evidenced. Indeed, the stirring leads to homogeneous particles. Cycling studies have shown that the synthesized Na2Mn1.5Fe1.5(PO4)3 dandelions materials exhibit specific discharge capacities of about 62 and 57 mAh g−1 equivalent to about 1.2 and 1.05 lithium ions de-intercalated at C/15 and C/10 current density respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailVigne guida Confedilizia alla giornata di Varsavia
Gagliani Caputo, Giovanni; Grandjean, Geoffrey ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

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See detailPoints de vue de dominants sur les prostitutions en Fédération Wallonie – Bruxelles
Govers, Patrick; Absil, Gaëtan ULiege

Conference (2017, October 20)

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See detailUpscaling winter wheat above-ground biomass measurements using multispectral imagery and 3D data from unmanned aerial vehicle
Michez, Adrien ULiege; Bauwens, Sébastien ULiege; Heinesch, Bernard ULiege et al

Poster (2017, October 20)

Field measurements in the ICOS program are spatially limited whereas the monitored gas fluxes may have a large footprint. Aerial remote sensing has the advantage to monitor large areas. The main goal of ... [more ▼]

Field measurements in the ICOS program are spatially limited whereas the monitored gas fluxes may have a large footprint. Aerial remote sensing has the advantage to monitor large areas. The main goal of our research was to test the potential of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) to upscale parameters monitored through the ICOS program. In this study, we specifically focus on above-ground biomass (AGB) monitoring in a winter wheat crop. We used a octocopter drone (X frame type) to acquire a time series over the crop growing season (8 flights from the 14th of February 2017 to the 7th of July 2017) of multispectral imagery covering the ICOS candidate station of Lonzée (Wallonia, Belgium) and the surrounding field crop areas (ca. 0.25 km² per flight). The multispectral camera provides spectral information on the green (550 +/- 50 nm), red (660 +/- 50 nm), near infrared (735 +/- 50 nm) and red-edge (790 +/- 10 nm) wavelengths bands. The UAV also brought an off-the-shelf high resolution (20 Mpx) RGB camera to derive accurate 3D data. We performed a photogrammetric 3D reconstruction of the acquired imagery for every flight survey. The images provided by the RGB sensor (Sony RX100) were used to produce a high spatial resolution Digital Surface Model (0.05 m) and the images acquired by the multispectral sensor were used to derive reflectance maps (0.1 m) in the four wavelengths bands. The four reflectance layers were combined to produce two straight-forward vegetation indices (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and Green NDVI). The photogrammetric DSM’s were combined to a LiDAR Digital Terrain Model (public database, survey in winter 2013) to produce Crop Height Models (CHM) of the study area. We used multiple linear regressions modelling in order to predict the AGB of the field crop monitored by the ICOS station of Lonzée with UAV imagery. AGB=a+b*GNDVI+c*NDVI+d *CHM The field crop data were provided by the ICOS program and by field research conducted in experimental field crops close to the flux tower. The field sampling consisted in destructive samples of the crop which were weighted after drying. For each field sample, an associated area was computed based on the outdistance sowing and the number of sampled crops in order to compute an AGB per area unit (t / Ha). Each AGB field estimation was associated to the closest flight date to build a multi date model presenting good performances (r² = 0.85, RMSE = 2.3 t/Ha). We used the same modelling approach to adjust a single date model to derive a predicted AGB map for the 7th of July. The performance of the single date model is lower but still highlights the biomass variation within the crop (r² = 0.71, RMSE = 1.9 t/Ha). The predicted AGB map displays a high spatial heterogeneity with some spatial patterns. Locally low AGB values are found along two old pedestrian whereas higher AGB values can be associated to areas which were sprayed twice (in-between two tractor tracks). Our results highlight the potential of UAV multispectral imagery to monitor the AGB variation within the footprint of the flux tower and highlight the need for repeated field sampling with a precise geolocation to improve the matching between the flight and the field surveys. [less ▲]

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See detailSun-Earth Interaction
Grodent, Denis ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Sun-Earth Interaction

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See detailRadiative Transfer
Grodent, Denis ULiege

Learning material (2017)

Radiative Transfer

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See detailLiaison externe et soignants du domicile: symphonie et fausses notes
Belche, Jean Luc ULiege

Conference (2017, October 20)

Analyser le processus en cours pour mieux le comprendre.

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See detailDo Property Rights and Equality Make Good Bedfellows ? European perspective
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULiege

Conference (2017, October 20)

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