Publications of Pierre Delvenne
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See detailBecoming relatively relativists: engaging with truth in the case of genomics
Thoreau, François ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Engaging Science, Technology, and Society (2019)

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See detailImaginarios de innovación que viajan: Nuevas practicas experimentales de co-creación en Wallonia (Bélgica)
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference (2018, July 20)

Desde el fin de los años 2000, nuevas formas de producir innovación empezaron a ser promovidas por las autoridades públicas. Espacialmente en la Unión Europea, varias autoridades empezaron a promover y ... [more ▼]

Desde el fin de los años 2000, nuevas formas de producir innovación empezaron a ser promovidas por las autoridades públicas. Espacialmente en la Unión Europea, varias autoridades empezaron a promover y establecer prácticas de co-creación de innovación, que consisten en incluir diversos públicos (que pueden ser llamados, en los discursos públicos, ‘usuarios’, ‘stakeholders’, ‘sociedad civil’ o ‘ciudadanos’) directamente en los procesos de producción de innovación. Estas prácticas están arraigadas en conceptos como ‘innovación abierta’ o ‘ciencias participativas’. Están desarrolladas en lugares como Living Labs, Fab Labs o Hackerspaces, que son concebidos como laboratorios locales de innovación. Las prácticas de co-creación son frecuentemente analizadas, en la literatura científica, a la luz de sus facultades a producir innovaciones más rentables, más aceptables o más responsables. Pero faltan investigaciones que consideren las visiones y representaciones sociales y políticas que estas prácticas traen. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de esta ponencia es de analizar la relación de estas prácticas con los imaginarios socio-técnicos que influyen su promoción. Más precisamente, esta ponencia propone analizar los discursos por los cuales las autoridades públicas promueven las prácticas de co-creación de innovación para caracterizar a los imaginarios de innovación más largos que sustentan a estas prácticas. Al hacerlo, permite aprehender los futuros deseados que están prometidos por estas nuevas formas de producir innovación. A través de un análisis comparativo entre la Comisión Europea y la región de Wallonia, basado sobre discursos oficiales y entrevistas con autoridades y actores de terreno, esta ponencia muestra que las prácticas de co-creación están incluidas, en ambos casos, en imaginarios más largos que insistan en el imperativo de la innovación para la salud económica y social de los territorios. Pero también muestra que estas prácticas están justificadas de manera diferente en ambos casos, lo que pone en evidencia particulares locales en la manera por la cual estás prácticas y los imaginarios que las acompañan se conciben. De esta manera, la ponencia se inscribe en la línea de trabajos recientes en el campo de los estudios de Ciencia, Tecnología y Sociedad. Subraya tan las prácticas de participación pública en los procesos de innovación como los imaginarios que son articulados localmente y que influyan la construcción de las políticas públicas de innovación. [less ▲]

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See detailParticipation as a lab and a democratic experiment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

Conference (2018, June 30)

In the last two decades, STS scholars pointed at a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (Irwin 2001, Jasanoff 2003, Wynne 2006). Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments ... [more ▼]

In the last two decades, STS scholars pointed at a “participatory turn” in science, technology and innovation (Irwin 2001, Jasanoff 2003, Wynne 2006). Decisively informed by STS, participatory experiments across the world were usually framed against the limitations of technocratic approaches and traditional innovation processes, to allow for new forms of democratic engagement. Informed by a co-productionist perspective on participation (Jasanoff 2004, Felt and Fochler 2010, Chilvers and Longhurst 2016, Laurent 2017), this paper builds on, and expands, a paradigm shift in technologies of participation, toward what has been labelled “lab participation”. In short, participation as a lab experiment can be characterized as a form of participation organized by professional participation specialists, taking place under controlled conditions (Bogner 2012). We point at a significant extension of lab participation, not anymore limited to the retreat of participation into spaces insulated from the real-world, but now also including the variety of collective experiments where technologies are tested in real-world conditions, i.e. in ‘Living-Labs’, ‘Fab-Labs’ or ‘test beds'. This paper draws on several years of ethnographic fieldwork across different sites where technologies of lab participation were deployed. We compare two contrasted projects, the organization of a European citizens’ summit on sustainable consumption and the creation of a Living-Lab to involve end-users to co-create innovations in the health sector in Wallonia. While the former project is an ‘instant democracy’ (Sloterdijk and von der Haegen 2005) experiment, responding to sophisticated methodological standards and taking place in a closed environment, the latter is a society-as-a-lab experiment oriented toward ‘innovation-making’ and economic growth. We stress that publics’ involvement in either policy-making or innovation responds to imperatives of intensification and acceleration in order to extract “value” from participants. We conclude by examining the implications of this deepened shift toward lab participation for the performance of democratic orders. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ULiège demain : 12 travaux pour la future équipe rectorale
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Diverse speeche and writing (2018)

Après deux tours d’élections rectorales n’ayant pas permis de dégager un consensus sur le futur leadership de notre institution, le moment est opportun pour relancer le débat d’idées sur l’avenir de ... [more ▼]

Après deux tours d’élections rectorales n’ayant pas permis de dégager un consensus sur le futur leadership de notre institution, le moment est opportun pour relancer le débat d’idées sur l’avenir de l’ULiège. En tant que chercheurs impliqués dans l’institution, mais n’appartenant à aucune équipe candidate à l’élection, nous souhaitons attirer l’attention de la communauté universitaire sur certains des défis qui nous semblent prioritaires pour le futur de notre institution universitaire. Nous ne prétendons en aucun cas à l’exhaustivité. Notre démarche se veut propositionnelle et non contestataire. Ce document ne peut être qu’un point de départ, qui reste forcément ancré dans les réalités de nos trajectoires professionnelles respectives. Notre objectif vise donc essentiellement à contribuer à un débat constructif sur l’avenir de notre institution. Nous espérons que cette base de travail sera élargie à de nouvelles idées et que chaque candidat(e) qui portera un projet pour l’ULiège demain aura à cœur de se prononcer par rapport à ces différents éléments. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-Produced Legitimacies: Parliamentary Technology Assessment and Nuclear Waste Management in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Science and Public Policy (2018)

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017 ... [more ▼]

In this article we question the roles and engagement of the French Parliamentary office of Technology Assessment (PTA) in governing Nuclear Waste Management (NWM) over an extended timeframe (1990-2017). We argue that the trajectories of the PTA and the NWM program are so intertwined that we gain analytical purchase from understanding them together. Our empirical analysis looks at three episodes of co-production of technological and political practices: (1) the PTA as an independent assessor (1990); (2) the PTA as a regular follower (1996-2005); (3) the PTA as a whistle-blower (2007-2017). We find that maintaining or redrawing boundaries between science and policy have increasingly been necessary but difficult in the course of the PTA’s mainstreaming into the policy-making landscape and the nuclear establishment. We conclude by examining the implications for PTAs of a possible shift from concerns about democratizing expertise to politicizing knowledge for policy. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticiper les changements technologiques pour ne plus les subir
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Charlier, Nathan ULiege; Chefneux, Luc et al

Article for general public (2018)

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les ... [more ▼]

Carte blanche pour l'instauration en Wallonie d'un "Institut d'évaluation des technologies" : allons-nous encore nous contenter de subir les développements technologiques ou allons-nous choisir de les débattre, les questionner et participer de manière concertée à orienter leur trajectoire ? [less ▲]

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See detailQuel(s) futur(s) la "révolution numérique" nous promet-elle ? Quels enjeux pour l'enseignement ?
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2018)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (3 ULiège)
See detailBreaking the myth of neutrality: contemporary politics and normativities in and of technology assessment
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2018)

This presentations aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal ... [more ▼]

This presentations aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s theory of pluralistic agonism, we argue that TA communities should break with the myth of neutrality to render their political identities explicit and to recognize that TA does not only have politics, it also is politics. To do so, the notion of ‘constitutive outside’ is mobilized as a guiding methodological principle to invent a politics of TA. Three sites of politics where to define such a ‘constitutive outside’ are suggested: the values, the visions of the future, and the hegemonic and counter-hegemonic practices. We conclude that with a full awareness of its politics, TA communities should be able, on the one hand, to gain the trust and active support of political actors committed to the same ideals of democracy and knowledge-based policy-making. On the other hand, TA communities will also be able to distinguish TA supporters and adversaries and, consequently, reinforce their power of influence on policy-making. In a time of political uncertainty and epistemic ambiguity, TA communities may become a bastion of democratic politics. [less ▲]

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See detailBreaking the myth of neutrality: Technology Assessment has politics, Technology Assessment as politics
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Parotte, Céline ULiege

in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (2018)

This article aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s ... [more ▼]

This article aims at theoretically and pragmatically addressing the future roles of Technology Assessment (TA) communities in the challenging context of contemporary politics. Mobilizing Chantal Mouffe’s theory of pluralistic agonism, we argue that TA communities should break with the myth of neutrality to render their political identities explicit and to recognize that TA does not only have politics, it also is politics. To do so, the notion of ‘constitutive outside’ is mobilized as a guiding methodological principle to invent a politics of TA. Three sites of politics where to define such a ‘constitutive outside’ are suggested: the values, the visions of the future, and the hegemonic and counter-hegemonic practices. We conclude that with a full awareness of its politics, TA communities should be able, on the one hand, to gain the trust and active support of political actors committed to the same ideals of democracy and knowledge-based policy-making. On the other hand, TA communities will also be able to distinguish TA supporters and adversaries and, consequently, reinforce their power of influence on policy-making. In a time of political uncertainty and epistemic ambiguity, TA communities may become a bastion of democratic politics. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels futurs pour la fabrication de pièces métalliques ?
Habraken, Anne ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Elsen, Catherine ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2017)

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le ... [more ▼]

Les processus de fabrication des pièces métalliques sont au cœur de nombreux enjeux technologiques, sociopolitiques et économiques. Ces dernières années, des procédés tels le 3D Printing ou encore le formage incrémental ont apporté un renouveau possible face aux méthodes de fabrication traditionnelles. Si le premier est, à présent, bien connu du grand public, le formage incrémental mérite encore quelques explications. Ce procédé, relativement lent, est de mieux en mieux maîtrisé. Il permet de réaliser des pièces métalliques aussi diverses qu’une prothèse, un panneau de façade ou de porte de boeing, un évier de cuisine, ... Il comporte de multiples variantes et est progressivement exploité par l’industrie pour du prototypage de pièces uniques et des petites séries. A l’ère de la révolution numérique, où les Fablabs, Repair Cafés et autres Hackers Labs permettent aux citoyens de créer leurs propres pièces et de devenir acteurs de l’innovation, ce procédé ouvre ainsi de nouvelles portes pour la conception de pièces métalliques. [less ▲]

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See detailIntelligence artificielle, et si rien n’était déterminé ?
Macq, Hadrien ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au ... [more ▼]

A travers cette carte blanche, nous tentons de prendre du recul face à la perspective erronée d'un déterminisme technologique, exercice nécessaire selon nous afin d'injecter dans les débats relatifs au développement de l'intelligence artificielle les dimensions éthiques, morales et politiques dont ils manquent cruellement. [less ▲]

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See detailL’intelligence artificielle et la tragique persistance de l’imaginaire de la Silicon Valley
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Macq, Hadrien ULiege

Article for general public (2017)

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée ... [more ▼]

Dans cette carte blanche publiée, nous essayons de prendre du recul sur la fascination exercée par l'intelligence artificielle, et sur le pourquoi il nous semble important de développer une pensée critique quand beaucoup d'acteurs rêvent d'une Silicon Valley en Belgique ou en Wallonie. [less ▲]

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See detailCo-producing sociotechnical solutions in difficult times: the art of governing nuclear wastes in France
Parotte, Céline ULiege; Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

Conference (2017, June 29)

Radioactive wastes and their management are posing pressing political and epistemic issues to modern societies such as, for instance, how shall we design sociotechnical solutions to deal with an object ... [more ▼]

Radioactive wastes and their management are posing pressing political and epistemic issues to modern societies such as, for instance, how shall we design sociotechnical solutions to deal with an object with a half-life of more than 100.000 years? This paper’s starting point is the so-called “participatory turn” in the nuclear waste management (NWM) in France, when tensions appeared concerning claims of epistemic authority of national nuclear agencies. In 1990, in the aftermath of violent contestations and citizen mobilization in four Departments, the then Prime Minister of France, Michel Rocard, decided to impose a one-year moratorium on the research conducted by the national nuclear waste management organization (ANDRA). A not so well-known parliamentary technology assessment (PTA) institution, OPECST (the French Office Parlementaire d’Evaluation des Choix Scientifiques et Technologiques), was called to the rescue to clear up a difficult situation and to restore trust between state and scientific agencies and a critical population. We find that OPECST played a surprisingly central role in defining the French NWM program. [less ▲]

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See detailEmbedded Promissory Futures: The Rise of Networked Agribusiness in Argentina’s Bioeconomy
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Pavone, Vincenzo; Goven, Joanna (Eds.) Bioeconomies: Life, Technology, and Capital in the 21st Century (2017)

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See detailResponsible research and innovation as a travesty of technology assessment?
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege

in Journal of Responsible Innovation (2017)

The relation between technology assessment (TA) and responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a very topical (and controversial) issue, as TA is clearly enveloped in broader science, technology and ... [more ▼]

The relation between technology assessment (TA) and responsible research and innovation (RRI) is a very topical (and controversial) issue, as TA is clearly enveloped in broader science, technology and innovation (STI) processes, such as the EU-wide shift towards RRI. In this short response to van Lente et al.’s [Van Lente, Harro, Tsjalling Swierstra, and Pierre-Benoit̂ Joly. 2017. “Responsible Innovation as a Critique of Technology Assessment.” Journal of Responsible Innovation] essay, I first stress that this contribution has several merits; for example, it points to pervasive challenges for TA communities, such as the issue of including normative concerns when assessing innovations, it opens these challenges to debate, without shying away from engaging TA communities. However, I disagree with the authors’ claim that RRI would be ‘a next step of TA’ or even a ‘form of TA’. In my essay, I explain why I believe RRI is different from TA and why, rather than a critique of TA, RRI could instead lead to a travesty of TA, threatening the vitality and the uniqueness of TA institutions in the long-term. Under the spell of RRI, TA risks being reduced to a role of mere provider of ex-ante impact assessments. I conclude that following the money attached to RRI has a price that TA institutions should carefully, critically and reflexively consider before they pay. [less ▲]

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See detailDancing without listening to the music: learning from some failures of the ‘national innovation systems’ in Latin America
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Thoreau, François ULiege

in Kuhlmann, Stefan; Ordóñez-Matamoros, Gonzalo (Eds.) Research Handbook on Innovation Governance for Emerging Economies (2017)

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See detailThe Technology Assessment Agenda in Europe: From Institutional to Knowledge Deficit
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Rosskamp, Benedikt

Conference (2017)

When addressing the continuation of Technology Assessment (TA) institutionalization, two assumptions need to be empirically confronted and conceptually revisited. The first consists of a linear expansion ... [more ▼]

When addressing the continuation of Technology Assessment (TA) institutionalization, two assumptions need to be empirically confronted and conceptually revisited. The first consists of a linear expansion of single, national and specialized TA organizations in an increasing number of countries. The second concerns the “opening up” and “broadening out” of the scope and depth of assessments, notably by encouraging the development of participatory TA. Drawing on a European project that thrived on such views, we confront the project’s normative goal of “increasing the capacity and enhancing the institutional foundation for knowledge-based policy-making on issues involving science, technology and innovation, mainly based upon the diversity of practices in Parliamentary Technology Assessment” to empirical data collected in three European fieldworks where such attempts were (unsuccessfully) conducted. Our results interrogate these failures under the light of an evolving deficitary vocabulary. We show that, instead of endorsing the above-mentioned “knowledge-based policy-making” ideal, the respective TA developments are placed under the banner of “evidence-based governance”. In the face of the difficulties to resorb the institutional absences (creating new TA institutions in newcomer countries), the narrative of institutional deficit mutates into one of a knowledge deficit (making TA knowledge available to a wider number of countries). The implications of this evolving deficitary narrative are explored and related to the rise of a more positivistic and uncultured conception of TA knowledge and to a transformation of the regime of epistemic subsidiarity (Jasanoff 2013, 2014), departing from a mode of coexistence towards greater cosmopolitanism. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the Disruptive Potential of 3D Printing
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Vigneron, Lara

in Bowman, Diana; Rip, Arie; Stokes, Elen (Eds.) Embedding New Technologies into Society: A Regulatory, Ethical and Societal Perspective (2017)

This chapter seeks to describe a variety of contexts in which 3D printing technologies are expected to emerge over the next 15 years and exert their so-called disruptive potential. We first provide a ... [more ▼]

This chapter seeks to describe a variety of contexts in which 3D printing technologies are expected to emerge over the next 15 years and exert their so-called disruptive potential. We first provide a brief introduction to 3D printing and we explain how it actually works. Then, we describe the paradigmatic change allowed by 3D printing in the industrial sector with a shift toward mass customisation. In particular, we focus on the biomedical sector, which is an interesting case in point because of the important number of innovations and the growth of 3D printed biomedical parts, a trend that is expected to continue in the future. To account for the dramatic, transversal, and transformative potential that 3D printing has in that whole sector, we first concentrate on 3D printing of biomedical instruments and implants for patients and, second, on additive bio- manufacturing of human tissues and organs. Then, we address the expectations raised by 3D printing to empowering users in non-industrial domains (such as in fabrication laboratories or with desktop 3D printers at home). In the last section, we turn to discussing the impact of 3D printing on the governance actors and we raise important issues for further research in the political economy of 3D printing technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailWorld-System Analysis 2.0: Globalized Science in Centers and Peripheries
Delvenne, Pierre ULiege; Kreimer, Pablo

in Tyfield, David; Lave, Rebecca; Randalls, Samuel (Eds.) et al Handbook of the Political Economy of Science (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 127 (15 ULiège)