Publications of Marcel Otte
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See detailLevallois et Gravettien
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Noiret, Pierre ULiege

in Praehistoria (in press)

Par opposition à ceux de l’Aurignacien, les ensembles lithiques gravettiens procèdent selon une méthode rappelant le Levallois quant à la préparation des supports. Mais les variations observables au sein ... [more ▼]

Par opposition à ceux de l’Aurignacien, les ensembles lithiques gravettiens procèdent selon une méthode rappelant le Levallois quant à la préparation des supports. Mais les variations observables au sein du Gravettien touchent autant les processus de symbolisation dans l’art et les sépultures. Elles affectent différents substrats eurasiatiques, plutôt septentrionaux, comme mis en réserve dès les Néandertaliens. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Sungirien. Saint-Pétersbourg 2016
Otte, Marcel ULiege

Book published by ERAUL (2017)

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See detailVocation Préhistoire. Hommage à Jean-Marie Le Tensorer
Otte, Marcel ULiege

Book published by ERAUL (2017)

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See detailNew evidences about human activities during the first part of the Upper Pleniglacial in Ukraine from zooarchaeological studies
Demay, Laetitia; Belyava, V.I.; Kulakovska, Larissa et al

in Quaternary International (2016), 412

The Upper Pleniglacial, between 23 000e20 000 BP, is characterized by the intensification of cold climate and is followed by the maximum extent of ice sheets. There is a little bit information about the ... [more ▼]

The Upper Pleniglacial, between 23 000e20 000 BP, is characterized by the intensification of cold climate and is followed by the maximum extent of ice sheets. There is a little bit information about the human activities during this period. New archaeological excavations in Ukraine permit to evidence data about behavioural human adaptations. These open air sites are on the one hand Pushkari 1 (excavation VII), Pogon (excavation VII) and Obollonia in the Desna valley and on the other hand Dorochivtsy III in the Dniester valley. These sites are characterised by atypical lithic industries made on local flint relied to the Gravettian but containing Epigravettian or Aurignacoid elements. In order to better understand the subsistence strategy we carried out zooarchaeological and taphonomical studies, which allow us to reveal the strategy of fauna exploitation by the human groups. We highlighted that all these sites are characterized by a restricted faunal spectrum with the presence of mammoth, reindeer, horse and carnivores (mainly fox [Vulpes vulpes and Alopex lagopus] and wolf). In the Dniester valley the reindeer was the most exploited, whereas the mammoth is the most exploited in the Desna valley. Indeed, it was probably hunt in Pushkari 1, maybe in Pogon and Obollonia. It was exploited as combustible, food resources and bones as raw material. In Dorochivtsy III/6 ivory was used to make tools and as artistic support. Indeed this site and Obollonia present grooved ivory points, this is the oldest occurrence of this kind of artefacts in the both regions. Moreover two engraved tusks presenting more or less figurative pictures were found in Dorochivtsy III/l.6 and Obollonia. The other large herbivores were also consumed and carnivores were exploited for their pelts in all these sites. The settlements are recurrent camps with little development occupied during varied seasons oriented to hunting and butchering activities linked with exploitation of local flint. These sites demonstrate the continuity of human occupations within the Eastern European plain, with the persistence of hunting methods and the relative diversity of animal exploitation, during the Upper Pleniglacial. These sites are really important for the understanding of cultural processes in the Eastern European Upper Palaeolithic, and particularly for the understanding of Epigravettian origin. [less ▲]

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See detailNouvelles données sur un pigment noir d’origine cambrienne, utilisé au Paléolithique moyen et découvert dans la grotte Scladina (Andenne, Belgique)
Bonjean, D; Vanbrabant, Y; Abrams, G et al

in Notae Praehistoricae (2015), 35

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See detailThe Petroglyphs of Huancor, Peru : Form and Meaning
Delnoÿ, David ULiege; Otte, Marcel ULiege

in EXPRESSION (2015), 9

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See detailHuancor: oubli et déclin d’un site d’art péruvien
Delnoÿ, David ULiege; Otte, Marcel ULiege

in Archeologia: Fouilles et Découvertes (2015), 528

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See detailPétroglyphes de Huancor, Pérou
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Delnoÿ, David ULiege

in International Newsletter On Rock Art (2015), 71

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See detailModave/Modave: Trou Al’Wesse: Fouilles 2013-2014
Miller, Rebecca ULiege; Otte, Marcel ULiege; Ernotte, Isabelle

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2015), 23

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See detailBulletin de l'Association Scientifique Liégeoise pour la Recherche Archéologique
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Morard, Thomas ULiege; De Groulart, Guy et al

Book published by ULg (2015)

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See detailA new Cambrian black pigment used during the late Middle Palaeolithic discovered at Scladina Cave (Andenne, Belgium)
Bonjean, Dominique ULiege; Vanbrabant, Yves; Abrams, Gregory et al

in Journal of Archaeological Science (2015), 55

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See detailL'Aurignacien de la grotte Yafteh et son contexte
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Flas, Damien ULiege; Zwyns, Nicolas et al

Poster (2014, December 06)

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See detailCouvin/Couvin : Trou de l'Abîme
Miller, Rebecca ULiege; Cattelain, Pierre; Otte, Marcel ULiege et al

in Chronique de l'Archéologie Wallonne (2014), 21

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See detailAnalysis of collagen preservation in bones recovered in archaeological contexts using NIR Hyperspectral Imaging
Vincke, Damien; Miller, Rebecca ULiege; Stassart, Edith ULiege et al

in Talanta (2014), 125

The scope of this article is to propose an innovative method based on Near Infrared Hyperspectral Chemical Imaging (NIR-HCI) to rapidly and non-destructively evaluate the relative degree of collagen ... [more ▼]

The scope of this article is to propose an innovative method based on Near Infrared Hyperspectral Chemical Imaging (NIR-HCI) to rapidly and non-destructively evaluate the relative degree of collagen preservation in bones recovered from archaeological contexts. This preliminary study has allowed the evaluation of the potential of the method using bone samples from the Early Upper Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods at the site of Trou Al'Wesse in Belgium. NIR-HCI, combined with chemometric tools, has identified specific spectral bands characteristic of collagen. A chemometric model has been built using Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) to identify bones with and without collagen. This enables the evaluation of the degree of collagen preservation and homogeneity in bones within and between different strata, which has direct implications for archaeological applications (e.g., taphonomic analyses, assemblage integrity) and sample selection for sub- sequent analyses requiring collagen. Two archaeological applications are presented: comparison between sub-layers in an Early Upper Palaeolithic unit, and evaluation of the range of variability in collagen preservation within a single Holocene stratum. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of Soils in Agriculture and Archaeology by NIR Hyperspectral Imaging
Fernandez Pierna, Juan Antonio; Vincke, Damien; Eylenbosch, Damien ULiege et al

Conference (2013, May 23)

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See detailLa lune façonne notre pensée
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Noiret, Pierre ULiege

in Éclats de lune. Entre science et imaginaire (2013)

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See detailBelgique
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Noiret, Pierre ULiege

in Noiret, Pierre (Ed.) Le Paléolithique supérieur européen. Bilan quinquennal 2006-2013 (2013)

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See detailL'avènement des Hommes modernes en Belgique
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Noiret, Pierre ULiege

in Bodu, Pierre; Chehmana, Lucie; Klaric, Laurent (Eds.) et al Le Paléolithique supérieur ancien de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest (2013)

In Belgium, Palaeolithic research goes back to the early 19th century, in the wake of mining and quarry work. Geology and paleontology developed early and rapidly and were economically important. As a ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, Palaeolithic research goes back to the early 19th century, in the wake of mining and quarry work. Geology and paleontology developed early and rapidly and were economically important. As a result, the earliest human history was reconstructed here entirely independently, by defining the Mousterian (Engis, 1830), Aurignacian (Montaigle), Gravettian (Trou Magrite) and Magdalenian (Chaleux) periods. Belgium, due to its central position, is in addition particularly representative of the wave of "modernity" that suddenly was adopted across northwest Europe, overlying a highly diverse and innovative cultural base during the time of the Neandertals. At this point in time, as in others, Belgium played the role of intermediary and incubator between the British Isles and the Rhineland, extending as far as the Loire. [less ▲]

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See detailMéthodes archéologiques
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Noiret, Pierre ULiege

Book published by De Boeck (2013)

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See detailSerial population extinctions in a small mammal indicate Late Pleistocene ecosystem instability
Brace, Selina; Palkopoulou, Eleftheria; Dalén, Love et al

in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (2012), 109(50), 20532-20536

The Late Pleistocene global extinction of many terrestrial mammal species has been a subject of intensive scientific study for over a century, yet the relative contributions of environmental changes and ... [more ▼]

The Late Pleistocene global extinction of many terrestrial mammal species has been a subject of intensive scientific study for over a century, yet the relative contributions of environmental changes and the global expansion of humans remain unresolved. A defining component of these extinctions is a bias toward large species, with the majority of small-mammal taxa apparently surviving into the present. Here, we investigate the population-level history of a key tundra-specialist small mammal, the collared lemming (Dicrostonyx torquatus), to explore whether events during the Late Pleistocene had a discernible effect beyond the large mammal fauna. Using ancient DNA techniques to sample across three sites in North-West Europe, we observe a dramatic reduction in genetic diversity in this species over the last 50,000 y. We further identify a series of extinction-recolonization events, indicating a previously unrecognized instability in Late Pleistocene small-mammal populations, which we link with climatic fluctuations. Our results reveal climate-associated, repeated regional extinctions in a keystone prey species across the Late Pleistocene, a pattern likely to have had an impact on the wider steppe-tundra community, and one that is concordant with environmental change as a major force in structuring Late Pleistocene biodiversity. [less ▲]

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