Publications of Kevin Maréchal
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See detailLearning Interdisciplinarity and Systems Approaches in Agroecology: Experience with the Serious Game SEGAE
De Graeuwe D'Aoust, Mireille ULiege; Jouan, Julia; Carof, Matthieu et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(11), 4351

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See detailTransitieplan voor België: lessen trekken uit Covid-19-crisis om toekomstige systeemcrisissen te voorkomen
Gemenne, François ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULiege et al

Article for general public (2020)

Terwijl Covid-19 nog dagelijks honderden medeburgers het leven kost en duizenden anderen worden gered dankzij de voorbeeldige toewijding van het personeel van de ziekenhuizen en de zorgsector, gedwongen ... [more ▼]

Terwijl Covid-19 nog dagelijks honderden medeburgers het leven kost en duizenden anderen worden gered dankzij de voorbeeldige toewijding van het personeel van de ziekenhuizen en de zorgsector, gedwongen te werken in bijzonder moeilijke omstandigheden, kijken onze autoriteiten logischerwijs naar scenario's voor het beëindigen van deze crisissen. In het meervoud, omdat we zowel een gezondheidscrisis doormaken die door de lockdown onder controle wordt gehouden, als een economische crisis die door de lockdown dreigt te verergeren. Dit is de complexe uitdaging die we moeten aangaan om te voorkomen dat we in een ernstige sociale crisis terechtkomen. [less ▲]

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See detailSortir de la crise du Covid-19 et en tirer les leçons pour éviter de contribuer à de nouvelles crises systémiques
Gemenne, François ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULiege et al

Article for general public (2020)

Le Resilience Management Group est composé d’académiques, économistes et d’entrepreneurs de la transition qui concilient la réflexion et les expériences du terrain. A l’heure des scénarios de sortie de ... [more ▼]

Le Resilience Management Group est composé d’académiques, économistes et d’entrepreneurs de la transition qui concilient la réflexion et les expériences du terrain. A l’heure des scénarios de sortie de crises, il propose un plan de transition pour la Belgique. [less ▲]

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See detailIntégrer la territorialité pour une économie de la fonctionnalité plus soutenable
Roman, Philippe; Muylaert, Coralie ULiege; Ruwet, Coline et al

in Développement Durable et Territoires (2020), 11(1),

Product-service systems (PSS) are often presented as a new model which would be conducive to sustainable development. In most English-speaking work on PSS, the environmental dimension is at times put to ... [more ▼]

Product-service systems (PSS) are often presented as a new model which would be conducive to sustainable development. In most English-speaking work on PSS, the environmental dimension is at times put to the fore, or even considered as inherent to the model, but the issue of the territorial insertion of such activities is not addressed, or just in passing. Numerous reasons justify thinking that implementing PSS activities without considering their territorial embeddedness may end up with outcomes short of their full sustainability potential. We therefore believe it is important to explicitly question the territoriality of PSS initiatives. In the present article, we perform a literature review on the PSS-territory nexus and we propose a discussion aiming at shedding light on the relevance of integrating a territorial reflection to the scientific work on PSS. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantifying the Use of Forest Ecosystem Services by Local Populations in Southeastern Cameroon
Lhoest, Simon ULiege; Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege; Fayolle, Adeline ULiege et al

in Sustainability (2020), 12(6), 2505

In order to improve sustainability and design adequate management strategies in threatened tropical forests, integrated assessments of the use of ecosystem services are needed, combining biophysical ... [more ▼]

In order to improve sustainability and design adequate management strategies in threatened tropical forests, integrated assessments of the use of ecosystem services are needed, combining biophysical, social, and economic approaches. In particular, no integrated ecosystem services (ES) assessment has been conducted in Central Africa, where rural communities deeply depend on forests in a high-poverty context. Here, we aimed to quantify the use of ES provided by tropical forests to local populations in the Dja area (Cameroon), identify its determinants and evaluate its sustainability. We conducted various interviews and field surveys with 133 households in three villages, focusing on three provisioning services (bushmeat, firewood, and timber), and five cultural services (cultural heritage, inspiration, spiritual experience, recreation, and education). Local populations consumed a mean of 56 kg of bushmeat/person/year (hunting zones covering on average 213 km2), 1.17 m3 of firewood/person/year (collection zones covering on average 4 km2), and 0.03m3 of timber/person/year. Between 25% and 86% of respondents considered cultural services as important. The use of ES was mainly influenced by population size, deforestation rate, and forest allocations, whereas the influence of socio-demographic characteristics of households remained limited to slight di erences between Baka and Bantu people. We conclude that the consumption of firewood and timber is sustainable, whereas high hunting pressure has resulted in severe defaunation in the area due to the large decline in the abundance and biomass of forest mammals hunted for bushmeat by local populations. [less ▲]

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See detailSPINCOOP ou comment soutenir la contribution active de maraîchers professionnels dans la mise en œuvre d’un projet de recherche-action participative - Une exploration collective des conditions d’adaptation du SPIN Farming et de sa contribution aux SAJED Bruxellois
Denyz, Margaux; Maughan, Noémie; Plateau, Lou et al

in Hermesse, Julie; Vankeerberghen, Audrey (Eds.) Transitions pour une Alimentation Juste et Durable à Bruxelles - Contributions de recherches en co-création (2020)

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See detailLock-Ins and Agency: Towards an Embedded Approach of Individual Pathways in the Walloon Dairy Sector
De Herde, Véronique; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Baret, Philippe

in Sustainability (2019), 11

As the 2009 dairy crisis drew attention to the situation of dairy farmers in Europe, the extent of strategical power left to farmers in dairy cooperatives of increasing size is a frequently raised issue ... [more ▼]

As the 2009 dairy crisis drew attention to the situation of dairy farmers in Europe, the extent of strategical power left to farmers in dairy cooperatives of increasing size is a frequently raised issue. Four dairy cooperatives collect 97% of the milk in the Walloon Region (in the southern part of Belgium). Two of them integrated agro-food multinationals. We decided to analyze the trajectories of Walloon dairy farmers exploring alternatives to the delivery of milk to these mainstream dairy cooperatives. We focused on the territories situated to the east of the Walloon Region, where dairy farming represents 75% of farming revenues. Alternatives consist either of processing milk on farm or in concluding a contract with a cheese processor collecting milk directly from farmers. Our objective was to understand the issues faced in these alternative trajectories and the reason why these alternatives remained marginal. We designed a qualitative case study based on interviews with farmers and local cheese processors. We mobilized evolutionary approaches on the stability and transitions of systems and approaches of change at the farmer level. It appears that the alternative trajectories remain embedded in a broader dairy context. The lock-ins emerging from this context determine the evolution of the farming model towards intensification and the individual identity and capabilities of farmers. We present a model of interconnected andembedded lock-ins, from the organizational frame of the regime to the individual frame. This model illustrates how the agency articulates with structural dynamics. We propose structural measures in the organization of agricultural education and in terms of support to alternative supply chains that will enhance agency in favor of a change. [less ▲]

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See detailLa durabilité des circuits courts, une question d’échelle ? L’importance de court-circuiter les schémas classiques d’analyse
Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Plateau, Lou; Holzemer, Laurence

in Economie Rurale (2019), (367 (janvier-mars 2019)), 45-60

The sustainability of short food supply chains (SFSC) is mainly approached through comparing the performance of local and global chains. However, the very specificities of SFSC are difficult to account ... [more ▼]

The sustainability of short food supply chains (SFSC) is mainly approached through comparing the performance of local and global chains. However, the very specificities of SFSC are difficult to account for in analysis. In this paper, we break free from a three-pillars perspective on sustainability and instead adopt an inductive approach. One crucial insight that arises from our qualitative study is the importance of multi-actors dynamics within specific territories. Among the crucial drivers, the density of interactions built up by actors emerges as a common denominator of SFSC. This aspect is essential for understanding both the drivers of and the obstacles to the sustainability of SFSC initiatives. [less ▲]

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See detailLa viabilité du maraîchage urbain à l’épreuve de l’installation professionnelle
Plateau, Lou; Maughan, Noémie; Pipart, Nathalie et al

in Cahiers Agricultures (2019), 28(6), 8

agriculture is in vogue and unfolds in a diversity of ways, which imply, amongst others, the development of professional activities. From 2015 to 2018, two participatory action research projects have been ... [more ▼]

agriculture is in vogue and unfolds in a diversity of ways, which imply, amongst others, the development of professional activities. From 2015 to 2018, two participatory action research projects have been running in Brussels questioning the viability of small-scale urban market gardening as a way to earn a living, all the while producing food more sustainably. Their focus is on the start-up phase of market-garden farms.We followed a transdisciplinary research setup to reinforce the reflexivity of these market gardeners, and uncover several “knots” these market gardeners face along their start-up trajectory. We define a “knot” as a thematic whole of tensions, compromises and/or adaptations market gardeners struggle with while putting into practice their aspirations. Three thematic knots are presented and discussed here: strategies to access land, the mechanization dilemma and the role of volunteering. To cope with these knots, the trajectory of market gardeners in the start-up phase shows strategic bends and turns so as to stay afloat financially as a business in the short term, yet without getting rid of the knots in the longer term. This work shows that solving the challenges (knots) in the search for long-term sustainability of this type of projects extends far beyond the individual struggles of starting market gardeners. It begs for the reconstruction of a community of practices embedding these neo-farmers, that can be fostered through building an enabling legal, Financial and political environment. [less ▲]

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See detailRéseaux de collaboration et valorisation des ressources locales en bois dans le secteur de la construction : évaluation du potentiel de développement de la filière bois wallonne par les proximités
Muytjens, Lionel ULiege; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Jourez, Benoît ULiege

Poster (2018, November 20)

Dans un contexte de redéveloppement des circuits courts, plusieurs initiatives de valorisation des ressources locales en bois dans le secteur de la construction ont été lancées en Wallonie. Par ... [more ▼]

Dans un contexte de redéveloppement des circuits courts, plusieurs initiatives de valorisation des ressources locales en bois dans le secteur de la construction ont été lancées en Wallonie. Par l’application d’une grille de lecture dérivée de l’école des proximités, l'étude présentée au travers de ce poster cherche à identifier le potentiel de développement de ces circuits courts lorsque la filière met en place des réseaux de collaborations. Par la réalisation des seize entretiens semi-directifs et d’une enquête auprès de scieurs, grossistes en bois, constructeurs bois et architectes, des forces en termes de proximité géographique (partage d’un territoire) et de proximité de similitude (intentionnalités productives partagées) ont été relevées. A l’inverse, bien que la filière soit représentée par de nombreux acteurs et que des collaborations non formelles existent, la structure éclatée de la filière est pointée du doigt et la proximité « relationnelle » et « de média » sont jugées insuffisantes. [less ▲]

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See detailRecasting the Understanding of Habits for Behaviour-Oriented Policies in Transportation
Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

in Sustainability (2018), 10(4),

The role of habits in influencing transportation behaviour is acknowledged in many studies. However, most of these analyses draw on a narrow perspective of habits. In this paper, we adopt a reversed ... [more ▼]

The role of habits in influencing transportation behaviour is acknowledged in many studies. However, most of these analyses draw on a narrow perspective of habits. In this paper, we adopt a reversed perspective regarding the interplay between habits and rationality. The insightfulness of this perspective is illustrated with the findings of two empirical studies on urban transportation. This paper shows that the underlying structure (i.e., the “genotype”) behind the phenotypic manifestation of a habit is essential to grasp for getting a better understanding of the role played by habits in explaining car use. The framework of habitual practices is then put forward in discussing the results. Its rationale is to provide a characterisation of the interconnected elements that make and shape the transportation practices, together with important aspects regarding how they are formed and sustained over time. Adequately picturing both constituent elements as well as dynamic aspects is crucial for explaining the strength of habitual practices and thus car dependence. In doing so, the framework of habitual practices could thus well be of help for policy-makers in reflecting on the design of efficient and innovative interventions for the transition towards more sustainable transportation behaviours. [less ▲]

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See detailLes circuits courts, un court-circuit temporaire ?
Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

Article for general public (2018)

Ce texte est le fruit d'un travail de synthèse tiré des recherches de Kevin Maréchal, Laurence Holzemer et Lou Plateau.

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See detailLes circuits courts, un court-circuit temporaire ?
Rommelaere, Gwendoline; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

Article for general public (2018)

Ce texte, rédigé par Gwendoline Rommelaere (Aide au Développement Gembloux-ADG), est le fruit d'un travail de synthèse tiré des recherches de Kevin Maréchal, Laurence Holzemer et Lou Plateau.

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See detailUnravelling the ‘ingredients’ of energy consumption: Exploring home-related practices in Belgium
Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Holzemer, Laurence

in Energy Research and Social Science (2018), 39(May 2018), 19-28

To look at energy consumption through a different lens, we have developed the conceptual framework of habitual practices. The objective of the present paper is to propose an empirical application of this ... [more ▼]

To look at energy consumption through a different lens, we have developed the conceptual framework of habitual practices. The objective of the present paper is to propose an empirical application of this framework, with the aim of unravelling the constitutive ‘ingredients’ of energy-consuming practices. Therefore, we investigate whether discussing the relationship of people with their homes could help circumventing the methodological difficulties that inevitably arise when trying to approach less tangible (albeit crucial) elements such as norms and attached meanings. The empirical material comes from group conversations where participants discussed the extent to which a home has to be practical, comfortable and convivial in connection with a series of elements. The results confirm that this methodological setting generated useful insights for a finer understanding of energy-consuming practices and their underlying drivers. A related crucial finding is the role of key appliances – those with more contrasted use and attached meanings – which appear to mediate the interplay between comfort, conviviality, and practicality. A promising avenue for future research would thus be to further investigate the role of those key appliances as potential markers of wider tendencies in energy consumption and useful for designing segmentation strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailCapturing the multifaceted nature of energy poverty: Lessons from Belgium
Meyer, Sandrine; Holzemer, Laurence; Delbeke, Bart et al

in Energy Research and Social Science (2018), 40

Energy poverty is a major societal issue with both economic impacts and solidarity implications. Although its main drivers (e.g. insufficient income, bad quality housing, high energy prices) are widely ... [more ▼]

Energy poverty is a major societal issue with both economic impacts and solidarity implications. Although its main drivers (e.g. insufficient income, bad quality housing, high energy prices) are widely recognised, there is no common definition of energy poverty at the European level, let alone a common way of measuring the phenomenon. The energy poverty barometer for Belgium has been developed accordingly. It draws on a set of complementary indicators with the aim of grasping the multifaceted nature of energy poverty: excessive energy bills compared to available income (measured energy poverty), restriction in energy consumption below basic needs (hidden energy poverty) and self-reported difficulties to heat the housing correctly (perceived energy poverty). This paper presents and discusses the methodology followed to design this new tool in the Belgian context and its main findings. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Economy in a Post-growth Era: What Project and What Philosophy?
Cassiers, Isabelle; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

in Cassiers, Isabelle; Maréchal, Kevin; Méda, Dominique (Eds.) Post-growth Economics and Society: Exploring the Paths of a Social and Ecological Transition (2017)

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See detailPost-growth Economics and Society: Exploring the Paths of a Social and Ecological Transition
Cassiers, Isabelle; Maréchal, Kevin ULiege; Méda, Dominique

Book published by Routledge (2017)

We stand on the threshold of a "post-growth" world – one in which the relentless pursuit of economic growth has ceased to constitute a credible societal project. The symptoms that mark the end of an era ... [more ▼]

We stand on the threshold of a "post-growth" world – one in which the relentless pursuit of economic growth has ceased to constitute a credible societal project. The symptoms that mark the end of an era are clear and incontrovertible: a return to the regularities of the past is illusory. The pursuit of economic growth no longer constitutes a credible societal project for ecological, social, and geopolitical reasons. Edited by an impressive array of experts, this book identifies several areas in which we must fundamentally rethink our societal organisation. They ask what it means to abandon the objective of economic growth; how we can encourage the emergence of other visions to guide society; how global visions and local transition initiatives should be connected; which modes of governance should be associated with the required social and technological innovations. Alongside the necessary respect of ecological limits and equity in distribution, the promotion of autonomy (involving all in the building of socio-political norms) could serve for guidance. The topics addressed over the chapters range from the future of work to the de-commodification of economic relations; the search for new indicators of progress to decentralized modes of governance; and from the circular economy to polycentric transitions. Each contribution brings a unique perspective, a piece of a larger puzzle to be assembled. Post-growth Economics and Society is an important volume to those who study ecological economics, political economy and the environment and society. It invites theorists as much as practitioners to re-explore the roots of our societal goals and play an active role in the systemic shift to come. [less ▲]

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See detailInterview - Graines de Savoirs n°11 : l’Economie écologique - Canal Zoom
Maréchal, Kevin ULiege

Diverse speeche and writing (2017)

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