Publications of Fabienne Glowacz
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See detailExploration of Dating Violence and Related Attitudes Among Adolescents and Emerging Adults
Courtain, Audrey ULiege; Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

in Journal of Interpersonal Violence (in press)

Young people’s romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their ... [more ▼]

Young people’s romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their attitudes toward dating violence. Our study aims to study dating violence and attitudes toward this phenomenon through two well-established questionnaires administered jointly in their entirety. Indeed, too many studies report results on some dimensions and items, neglecting the richness of available tools. The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory and the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence Scale were self-administered to 1,014 participants (M age = 18.9) attending secondary schools or a regional college. They reported the frequency of their dating violence perpetration and victimization, and their attitudes toward dating violence. Results show that relational and sexual violence perpetration rates are higher for males, physical violence perpetration rate is higher for females, and relational violence victimization is higher for males. MANCOVAs not only show the same trends for scores but also underline more frequent emotional violence perpetrated by females, physical victimization for males, and sexual victimization for females. Males show higher tolerance toward every form of dating violence; younger participants are also more tolerant. Participants are more tolerant toward male-perpetrated psychological DV than femaleperpetrated ones, and more tolerant toward female-perpetrated physical and sexual DV compared with male-perpetrated physical and sexual DV. There are patterns of multiperpetration, multivictimization, bidirectionality, and multi(in)tolerance. Our paper contributes to the symmetry debate, a better understanding of the link between attitudes and violent behaviors, a further step on gendered attitudes regarding who perpetrates and who sustains. [less ▲]

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See detailPerpetration of dating violence among Belgian Youths: impulsivity, verbal skills and empathy as risk and protective factors
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Courtain, Audrey

in Violence and Victims (in press)

Dating violence (DV) is a serious social problem among adolescents and emerging adults, both boys and girls are victims and perpetrators. The current study aimed to investigate correlates of dating ... [more ▼]

Dating violence (DV) is a serious social problem among adolescents and emerging adults, both boys and girls are victims and perpetrators. The current study aimed to investigate correlates of dating violence perpetration among Belgian youths. We examined facets of empathy and verbal skills as protective factors, and facets of impulsivity as risk factors for psychological and physical DV perpetration. Eight hundred and thirteen adolescents and emerging adults (71.7% females, Mean Age=18.9) completed self-administered questionnaires investigating their physical and psychological DV perpetration, empathy, verbal skills and impulsivity. Findings show that male and female respondents have different patterns of correlations between the studied variables. Facets of empathy and verbal skills hinder DV perpetration, whereas facets of impulsivity foster it. The impact of the different facets can vary across regression models, gender of the perpetrator and forms of DV. The present study contributes to a better understanding of DV by examining facets of empathy, verbal skills and impulsivity. Prevention programs are encouraged to target specific facets of these variables among adolescents and emerging adults. [less ▲]

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See detailRécits de désistance de jeunes radicalisés et impliqués dans des activités de groupes terroristes
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

in Criminologie (2020), 53(1), 281-304

Following the attacks in several European countries, deradicalization and disengagement are concepts that have been strongly mobilized and questioned in order to guide the interventions to be carried out ... [more ▼]

Following the attacks in several European countries, deradicalization and disengagement are concepts that have been strongly mobilized and questioned in order to guide the interventions to be carried out. Our study focuses on the analysis of desistance narratives of three young people sentenced for terrorism who considered themselves to have emerged from radicalization and pro-terrorist affiliations. It has made it possible to identify the elements and interventions they had experienced as supporting their desistance and de-radicalization. They are fully in line with the foundations of assisted desistance. [less ▲]

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See detailMineurs judiciarisés pour délit sexuel : soutien de la désistance par le « Good lives model »
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Devillers, Bérengère ULiege; Puglia, Rosa ULiege

in Criminologie (2020), 53(1), 127-149

Among the various interventions developed in the field of sexual delinquency, the GLM (Good Lives Model), a humanistic and positivist rehabilitation model focused on identifying the needs and developing ... [more ▼]

Among the various interventions developed in the field of sexual delinquency, the GLM (Good Lives Model), a humanistic and positivist rehabilitation model focused on identifying the needs and developing the youth's internal and external resources, is of growing clinical interest. The foundations of the GLM and those of desistance are based on a positive conception of change oriented towards the individual's resources rather than risks. As part of this contribution, the different stages of intervention of the GLM (adapted to adolescents) will be presented and illustrated from of a follow-up of juvenile sex offender. Needs-based analysis and interventions under the GLM can positively influence a dynamic of desistance and new ways of perceiving oneself and being perceived. [less ▲]

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See detailPathways of running away among Belgian youth
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Léonard, Julie; Courtain, Audrey ULiege

in Youth and Society (2020), 52(2), 143-165

Runaway behaviors among teenagers have been studied for some 40 years. Still, because runaway and homeless youths have often been confounded, little is known about what really defines a runaway adolescent ... [more ▼]

Runaway behaviors among teenagers have been studied for some 40 years. Still, because runaway and homeless youths have often been confounded, little is known about what really defines a runaway adolescent. This study targets three objectives in a mixed-method design relying on data from official files and interviews: the descriptions of teenagers reported as missing (e.g., age, sex, runaway duration and reiteration, place left behind, type of caller reporting the child as missing, motivation for closing the file) and the understanding of runaway pathways and dynamics. These studies can contribute to prevention and intervention programs by providing new perspectives on how runaway experiences should be understood in light of the adolescent process. [less ▲]

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See detailSexting à l’adolescence : des frontières de l’intimité du couple à l’extimité à risque
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Goblet, Margot ULiege

in Enfances Familles Générations (2020), 34

Cadre de la recherche : À l’adolescence, les relations amoureuses jouent un rôle significatif et offrent un espace où les adolescents approfondissent le développement de leurs compétences émotionnelles ... [more ▼]

Cadre de la recherche : À l’adolescence, les relations amoureuses jouent un rôle significatif et offrent un espace où les adolescents approfondissent le développement de leurs compétences émotionnelles, sociales et cognitives, qu’ils avaient déjà élaborées dans la sphère familiale et avec leurs amis. À l’ère du numérique, l’intimité dans les relations amoureuses des adolescents se teste et se construit dans un espace social s’inscrivant à la fois dans le monde réel et dans l’espace virtuel. Le sexting, nouvelle modalité de régulation de l’intimité envisagée sous le prisme de l’extimité dans un environnement dominé par les technologies numériques, soulève des questions quant aux risques réels et perçus par les jeunes et aux frontières de l’intime. Objectifs : Nos études visent à mieux définir les contextes et motivations aux pratiques de sexting, les usages abusifs et les liens avec les cyberviolences, les représentations et risques perçus par les adolescents, ainsi que les perspectives et les besoins de prévention tels que les jeunes les envisagent. Méthodologie : Deux études ont été menées en Belgique auprès d’adolescents (étude 1 : N= 1321 - 45 % garçons - âge moyen : 15,1 ans [ÉT =2,1] et étude 2 : N= 340 - 65 % garçons - âge moyen : 15,6 ans [ÉT =1,7]). Un questionnaire a été proposé aux participants rencontrés au sein des établissements scolaires dans le cadre de passations collectives. Résultats : Au sein de l’étude 1, 18,7 % des participants et 26 % dans l’étude 2 déclarent avoir déjà envoyé ou posté des messages, photos ou vidéos sexy d’eux-mêmes. Les garçons sont plus susceptibles que les filles d’avoir pratiqué le sexting au moins une fois et plus spécifiquement d’avoir posté ce type de contenus en ligne. Plus de 60 % des adolescents garçons et filles destinaient ces contenus à un partenaire amoureux. Quant aux prévalences de victimisation, 17,1 % des participants rapportent avoir déjà été victimes d’au moins une forme de cyberviolences sexuelles et/ou sexistes, soit la diffusion non consentie de messages ou images à caractère sexuel, ou menaces d’agir de la sorte, et la réception de messages insultants ou rumeurs à caractère sexuel. Conclusions : Inscrite dans une exploration de la sexualité adolescente, la pratique du sexting est mise au service de l’extimité dans une poursuite des tâches développementales. Pourtant elle est susceptible de donner lieu à d’importantes dérives et de permettre la reproduction virtuelle de violences et d’attitudes sexistes et déshumanisantes. Les besoins de prévention suggérés tant par les filles que par les garçons traduisent entre autres le besoin d’un cadre contenant pour réguler ces pratiques. Contribution : La prévention dans le domaine de la vie sexuelle et affective, incluant le sexting, reste la voie pour éduquer et sécuriser les adolescents aux saines pratiques en la matière, et ce, dès l’enfance dans le cadre scolaire. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychological distress during the COVID-19 lockdown: The young adults most at risk
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Schmits, Emilie ULiege

in Psychiatry Research (2020), 293

To control the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have implemented restrictions. This study evaluates psychological distress related to the crisis and identifies predictive factors of anxiety/depression ... [more ▼]

To control the COVID-19 pandemic, governments have implemented restrictions. This study evaluates psychological distress related to the crisis and identifies predictive factors of anxiety/depression according to age. 2,871 adults were recruited through an online questionnaire during the lockdown. Three subsamples were identified: 18–30; 30–50; > 50 years. The population suffers from anxiety and depression. Young adults adu reported lower levels of living space, occupational activity, social contact and alcohol use, but higher anxiety, depression and uncertainty than older participants. This psychological distress can be explained by lockdown conditions (differently according to age) and by intolerance to uncertainty. Also, youth's alcohol intake has decreased. Deconfinement strategies have been discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailÉvaluation psychiatrique et hospitalisation contrainte d'urgence. Analyse rétrospective de dossiers
Schmits, Emilie ULiege; Evrard, Maude; Valassopoulou, Eftichia et al

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (2020)

Objectives: Psychiatric cares sometimes lead to coercive measures for the patient. Emergency procedures are initiated by the competent Public Prosecutor who can decide to hospitalize patient under ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Psychiatric cares sometimes lead to coercive measures for the patient. Emergency procedures are initiated by the competent Public Prosecutor who can decide to hospitalize patient under constraint on the basis of a medical certificate. This procedure raises questions at different levels. The present study included several objectives: (1) investigation of the profile of the patients; (2) practical application of this type of procedure; (3) evaluation of the criteria related to the decision-making process leading to forced hospitalization. Method: This study was conducted in a Medical-Psycho-Social emergency unit in Belgium. This is a retrospective search, conducted on the basis of file analyses. Were included all patients who experienced emergency psychiatric assessment at the request of the magistrate. The following information were collected: date and time of admission, date of birth, sex, sector, diagnosis, use of therapeutic isolation, outcome of the evaluation, type of support, and the sex of the evaluators. These data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. Results: Two hundreds and thirty-eight 238 persons were admitted in the emergency unit at the request of a magistrate. The average age is 39.99 years (59.66% men) and 62.18% of patients are registered in their hospital sector, while 34.87% of admissions are made outside the sector. Psychiatric night care is activated in 34.03% of cases, while 28.15% of psychiatric assessment requests arrive in the morning and 37.39% in the afternoon. The service receives between 4 and 5 requests from the magistrate per week. While 15.96% of them are referred on weekends, 84.04% are sent to the service on weekdays. Regarding the main diagnosis, 42.43% show a psychotic disorder, 13.44% a (hypo) manic episode, 10.50% an abuse of substance, 9.66% of behavioral disorders, 7.56% a personality disorder, 5.88% an adjustment disorder, 5.05% a depressive disorder and 3.36% a mental retardation. Therapeutic isolation is used in 34.87% of situations. In 55.04% of the cases, the procedure was stopped, while 43.69% lead to hospitalization under constraint. If the procedure is stopped, another follow-up is proposed: 22.38% of in-house ambulatory follow-up, 16.41% of outpatient follow-up, 14.17% with a mobile unit, 9.70% of in-house hospitalization, 9.70% of judicial follow-up, 8.95% of care by a medical service, 5.22% of network referral, and 2.23% of social follow-up. Patients whose assessment leads to hospitalization under constraint are significantly older than those whose procedure is stopped. The sex of the patient does not influence the outcome of the assessment. The decision to hospitalize under constraint is not influenced by the time of admission or the sex of the evaluator. However, the results demonstrate a significant link between therapeutic isolation and the decision to hospitalize under constraint. Patients spending the night in the emergency room are more often hospitalized under constraint. In addition, the main diagnosis posed is significantly related to the outcome of the psychiatric evaluation. The majority of people diagnosed with psychotic disorders and (hypo) manic episodes are hospitalized under constraint, while people met for substance abuse, behavioral disorders and adjustment disorders are not. A very small proportion of patients with personality disorder, depressive disorder or mental retardation are forced into hospital. Conclusion: This study provides detailed descriptions of the patients involved in the emergency procedure and its practical application, as well as the identification of factors related to forced hospitalization. This work allows an inventory of the urgent procedure (psychiatric assessment and forced hospitalization) and improves the understanding of psychiatric procedures and practices. © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS [less ▲]

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See detailQuand le théâtre entre en scène : Des enjeux de déconstructions réciproques.
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference (2019, December 17)

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See detailRadicalisation violente des jeunes : A la recherche de sens ... pour s'en sortir.
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference (2019, December 10)

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See detailMineurs judiciarisés pour participation à des activités d’un groupe terroriste : Analyse des processus et dynamiques de radicalisation
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique (2019), 3

Research on terrorism has focused on the processes of violent radicalization processes in order to understand how individuals, most often young, engage in these forms of violence. Our study focuses on the ... [more ▼]

Research on terrorism has focused on the processes of violent radicalization processes in order to understand how individuals, most often young, engage in these forms of violence. Our study focuses on the analysis of the trajectories of radicalization of juveniles convicted of act of terrorism. The analysis of the stories of young people shows dynamics and factors at different stages of the process of radicalization that will be presented in an integrative model. While taking into account the social environment in which the young person is evolving and the proximity to the phenomenon of radicalization, the model focuses on the losses and the psycho-social needs likely to foster a receptivity of the young compared to the jihadist offer. But also the processes of socialization and group dynamics supporting the ideological framework, legitimization of the use of violence, moral disengagement and neutralization of the empathy toward the victims. These different components should be included in the interventions. [less ▲]

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See detailRadicalisation et terrorismes en Belgique: un phénomène sociétal à appréhender dans sa complexité et ses multiples enjeux. Introduction au dossier
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique (2019), 3

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See detailLe théâtre comme média de prévention de la radicalisation: évaluation du projet «Nadia»
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Collard, Isabelle

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique (2019), 3

Prevention in the field of violent radicalization has become a societal issue. Many initiatives and preventive actions are carried out all over Europe, mobilising a numerous media. However, few prevention ... [more ▼]

Prevention in the field of violent radicalization has become a societal issue. Many initiatives and preventive actions are carried out all over Europe, mobilising a numerous media. However, few prevention measures are evaluated. The article focuses on the evaluation of a project conducted by the Théâtre de Liège (in Belgium) around the play "Nadia". It aimed to raise awareness among students about the problem of violent extremism, and to stimulate reflection on the processes involved. The evaluation based on a double methodology has revealed a transformation of the representations of young people concerning radicalization, and effects on the level of knowledge and attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailViolence and desistance studies: Qualitative methods for approaching processes and dynamics
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference (2019, September 20)

This symposium focuses on desistance - exit of violence - in several areas: violent radicalization, domestic violence and juvenile delinquency. Desistance is defined as the process of exit from ... [more ▼]

This symposium focuses on desistance - exit of violence - in several areas: violent radicalization, domestic violence and juvenile delinquency. Desistance is defined as the process of exit from delinquency: this research theme has been of growing interest for the last 20 years. Studies on desistance are no longer focused on motivations explaining the delinquent trajectory but try to understand why and especially how people get out of delinquency through different points of view (individual, social, and interactionist). This new scientific interest brings the shift from risk-focused work to focused work on human resources (Stoll & Jendly, 2018). Qualitative methods can approach the complexity of dynamics and processes of change mobilized in desistance. The three studies on desistance have two objectives: first, to understand the processes of desistance of subjects who engaged in violent conduct (domestic violence, juvenile delinquency and violent radicalization); and second, to present from these studies specific qualitative methods and to discuss their relevance and specificity in studies dedicated to desistance. [less ▲]

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See detailDesistance in the field of violent radicalization: what do individuals labeled as radicalized tell us?
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference (2019, September 20)

Studies on violent radicalization and terrorism have multiplied in recent years. Even though the concept of "de-radicalization" is not clearly defined and is still debated, it emerged as a major and ... [more ▼]

Studies on violent radicalization and terrorism have multiplied in recent years. Even though the concept of "de-radicalization" is not clearly defined and is still debated, it emerged as a major and urgent issue for the interventions to be carried out. To date, there is no consensus on the definition of deradicalization: the term of disengagement from violence has been preferred by some authors considering that the objective of the intervention is at this level. Desistance is a concept that has been little mobilized in the field of radicalization. Yet, it is a process of exit from a trajectory of violent radicalization and/or the cessation of illegal conduct. The central questions are: how can a process of change and exit from these trajectories be engaged and supported, and what are the changes that support the desistance of an individual? This presentation focuses on a narrative approach and clinical analyses of the trajectories of juveniles tried for ‘acts of participation in an activity of a terrorist group’. This approach made it possible to identify processes of desistance and factors that these young people themselves have identified as supporting the process of desistance. [less ▲]

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See detailGetting out of domestic violence: narratives of trajectories as new lenses to analyse violence and disengagement
Dziewa, Amandine ULiege; Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference (2019, September 20)

The context of partner violence raises the question of desistance as a temporal and/or relational process. Time, experiences within the couple, motivations specific to the relationship but also to the ... [more ▼]

The context of partner violence raises the question of desistance as a temporal and/or relational process. Time, experiences within the couple, motivations specific to the relationship but also to the individual allow us to understand the cessation of violent behaviours. Through recent knowledge and researches, we will discuss the conceptualization of desistance in perspective of the context of domestic violence from cases presentation. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat social representations of sex offenders among prison officers?
Kinard, Annabelle ULiege; Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Poster (2019, September 19)

Since the 1990s, there have been many legal and health advances in the intervention of sexual delinquency. In this way, studies have interested on professional and public attitudes associated with sex ... [more ▼]

Since the 1990s, there have been many legal and health advances in the intervention of sexual delinquency. In this way, studies have interested on professional and public attitudes associated with sex offenders and question their influence on social reintegration and engagement in a withdrawal process. Church II et al. (2008) showed that professionals working with sex offenders felt more positive attitudes towards them than police and prison officers who are not in direct contact with them. Our study focuses on the social representations of the general population regarding sexual offenders and those of prison officers who are or not in direct contact with incarcerated sex offenders. A questionnaire consisting of the ‘Community Atittude towards Sexe Offenders Scale’ and the ‘Atittude towards treatment of sex offenders Scale’ was distributed to officers of a penitentiary institution (n=53), 79% (n=42) of whom are in direct contact with sexual offenders. This questionnaire was also distributed online for people in the general population (n=248). Unlike the study by Church II et al. (2008), the results showed more negative representations (t = 4.50 and p = 0.0002) for all prison officers (M=58.38, SD= 8,47) compared to the general population (M=52.5, SD=9,39). [less ▲]

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See detail"La Culture et l'Art comme Média de Prévention et de Réinsertion Sociale
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

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See detailMeasures to prevent violent extremism - a comparative perspective
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Choquet, Sabine

Conference (2019, September)

Measures to prevent violent extremism tend to be analysed without taking into account the political, social and cultural contexts in which they are developed. Yet they represent responses to phenomena of ... [more ▼]

Measures to prevent violent extremism tend to be analysed without taking into account the political, social and cultural contexts in which they are developed. Yet they represent responses to phenomena of violence whose forms and determinants are part of a local context. It therefore seems essential to assess these differences by analyzing the diversity of approaches to this phenomenon through the experience of Belgium, France and Canada. [less ▲]

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See detailConsentement et violences sexuelles dans le couple : Représentations et Frontières
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

Conference (2019, June 14)

Les violences entre partenaires intime (IPV) font depuis quelques années l’objet d’une attention et d’une prise de conscience croissante. Cependant, les violences sexuelles en contexte conjugal, dont le ... [more ▼]

Les violences entre partenaires intime (IPV) font depuis quelques années l’objet d’une attention et d’une prise de conscience croissante. Cependant, les violences sexuelles en contexte conjugal, dont le viol conjugal, restent un domaine de recherche peu développé. Minimisées, évoquées de façon implicite ou considérées comme l’une des expressions de la violence physique du conjoint, elle est rarement nommée « agression sexuelle » et encore moins « viol ». Dans un contexte où accepter la relation sexuelle serait synonyme d’engagement et protection, le consentement, central dans la définition du viol, serait-il à questionner ? Ce symposium se veut de traiter de cette question des violences sexuelles dans les couples à partir de données de recherches quantitatives, qualitatives et cliniques. La première communication (F. Glowacz) portera sur les vécus expérientiels de violences sexuelles au sein du couple et sur les représentations la notion de consentement au sein de populations d’adolescents et de jeunes adultes analysées à partir de recherches quantitatives (enquêtes papier et en ligne) et qualitatives (Focus groups). Bien que les taux de prévalence de violences sexuelles dans les relations amoureuses auto-rapportées soient faibles, des phénomènes de polyperpétration et de polvvictimisation y sont associés. (Glowacz et al.,2018). L’étude des représentations des jeunes montrent combien les périmètres et frontières du consentement et des violences sexuelles sont variables et entachées de stéréotypes sexistes. [less ▲]

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