Publications of Nicolas Petit
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See detailL'Europe change nos vies
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailEurope's antitrust chief urges Google to settle allegations
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

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See detailEurope weighs Antitrust Case aigainst Google, urging search changes
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

Google may have abused its dominant position in Internet search by promoting its own businesses at the expense of competitors, the European Commission said. It warned the company to propose chnages 'in a ... [more ▼]

Google may have abused its dominant position in Internet search by promoting its own businesses at the expense of competitors, the European Commission said. It warned the company to propose chnages 'in a matter of weeks" to its method of answering user search queries, or possibly face antitrust lawsuit. [less ▲]

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See detailChange of Tone could help Google in European Antitrust Case
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

For the past two years, Google has worked hard to avoid facing formal antitrust charges in Europe that could mean years of expensive litigation and encourage the authorities in other parts of the world to ... [more ▼]

For the past two years, Google has worked hard to avoid facing formal antitrust charges in Europe that could mean years of expensive litigation and encourage the authorities in other parts of the world to take comparable actions. Time is running out. The European Commission could bring charges against the U.S. company for abusing its dominance in the search and advertising market in the next few weeks. [less ▲]

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See detailUS Antitrust Move has Google fighting on Two Fronts
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

Google may soon be fighting antitrust battle on two fronts. The European Commission has been looking for two years into wether the search giant abused local competition law. Now the Federal Trade ... [more ▼]

Google may soon be fighting antitrust battle on two fronts. The European Commission has been looking for two years into wether the search giant abused local competition law. Now the Federal Trade Commission is starting its own antitrust inquiry. [less ▲]

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See detailChronique - Cour de Justice et Tribunal de l'Union européenne - Concurrence
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Lousberg, Charlotte ULiege

in Journal du Droit International (2012), (2), 747-759

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See detailA Quick Look into the past, present and future of competition Enforcement in the Pharmaceutical Sector
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

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See detailBudget : Après la rigueur douce, la concurrence dure?
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2012)

L’un des maux endémiques de l’économie belge tient aux pressions concurrentielles insuffisantes sur de nombreux marchés de produits. Faute d’un cadre de surveillance effectif, les prix des biens et ... [more ▼]

L’un des maux endémiques de l’économie belge tient aux pressions concurrentielles insuffisantes sur de nombreux marchés de produits. Faute d’un cadre de surveillance effectif, les prix des biens et services demeurent – comme le décrivent maintes études – plus élevés que dans d'autres États membres, et ce spécialement dans le secteur de la vente au détail et dans les industries de réseaux (énergie, télécommunications, transport ferroviaire, etc.). [less ▲]

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See detailConceptual Foundations and Practical Framework in Vertical Restraints And Distribution Agreements Under EU Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

in Petit, Nicolas; Gheur, Charles (Eds.) Vertical Restraints and Distribution Agreements under EU Competition Law (2012)

This book is about the European rules governing distribution agreements, adopted in April 2010. Providing an exhaustive analysis of both EU regulation 330/2010 and the guidelines on vertical restraints ... [more ▼]

This book is about the European rules governing distribution agreements, adopted in April 2010. Providing an exhaustive analysis of both EU regulation 330/2010 and the guidelines on vertical restraints, it also contains valuable contributions by eminent lawyers and economists. [less ▲]

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See detailIndustrial Policy and Competition Enforcement: Is There, Could There and Should There Be a Nexus?
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Neyrinck, Norman ULiege

Conference (2012)

This paper muses on whether there can be, there is, and there should exist a nexus between European Union (“EU”) competition law and industrial policy. A well-known, long lasting grievance in the history ... [more ▼]

This paper muses on whether there can be, there is, and there should exist a nexus between European Union (“EU”) competition law and industrial policy. A well-known, long lasting grievance in the history of EU competition law is indeed that the European Commission (“the Commission”) has allegedly enforced the competition rules dogmatically, and turned a blind eye on industrial policy considerations. Lately, this policy debate has revived. With the current economic debacle in the Western world, decades of free-market economic policies – including competition policies – inherited from the so-called “Washington consensus” are called into question. In contrast, thriving economic models like Brazil, China, or India where the State interferes with the market at the expense of free competition, are increasingly looked by the “old world” as a possible source of inspiration. Those new developments justify devoting another paper to the question whether industrial policy considerations could and should inform EU competition enforcement. To address it, we follow a four steps methodology. We first solve definitional issues by describing the various possible meanings of “industrial policy” (I). Second, we follow a legalistic approach to review whether such considerations can, as a matter of positive law, play a role (II). Third, we turn to empirical analysis, to examine if there has been some industrial policy influence in the Commission’s case-law (III). Fourth, we review consequentialist arguments to assess whether industrial policy considerations should play a stronger role in EU competition enforcement (IV). [less ▲]

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See detailEU Competition Law and Economics
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Geradin, Damien; Layne-Farrar, Anne

Book published by Oxford University Press (2012)

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See detailVertical Restraints under EU Competition Law: Conceptual Foundations and Practical Framework
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Henry, David

Book published by Bruylant (2011)

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See detailExcessive Pricing: The Flaws of ‘Tea Party Competition’ Policy
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

in Journal of European Competition Law and Practice (2011), 2(6), 519-520

Since the adoption of the Guidance Communication in 2009, the Commission has kept exploitative abuses— and in particular excessive pricing cases—in a state of artificial hibernation, and focused on ... [more ▼]

Since the adoption of the Guidance Communication in 2009, the Commission has kept exploitative abuses— and in particular excessive pricing cases—in a state of artificial hibernation, and focused on exclusionary cases as a matter of enforcement priority. The Commission’s small antitrust policy against exploitative abuses is predicated on ‘Tea Party’ competition economics: in the long term, high prices are presumed to deliver efficient outcomes, and competition enforcers risk doing more harm than good in trying to improve market outcomes [less ▲]

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See detailCredit rating agencies, the Sovereign Debt Crisis and Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

in European Competition Journal (2011), 7(3),

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See detailCollective dominance: An overview of national case law
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Neyrinck, Norman ULiege

in e-Competitions (2011), N°39129

This article aims at providing an overview of the national case law on collective dominance in Europe. We observe that overall, most domestic decisions have manifestly integrated the EU case law and ... [more ▼]

This article aims at providing an overview of the national case law on collective dominance in Europe. We observe that overall, most domestic decisions have manifestly integrated the EU case law and followed the shift from a structural approach towards a more behavioral approach. We higlight several protruding cases on the definition of the notion of abuse and the most creative remedies devised by national competition authorities so far. [less ▲]

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See detailArrêt Tele 2 Polska: une interprétation contestable de la compétence des autorités nationales de concurrence
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Lousberg, Charlotte ULiege

in Journal de Droit Européen (2011), (182), 242-245

En se fondant sur une lecture littéralement et téléologiquement discutable du Règlement 1/2003 pour conclure que seule la Commission, à l'exclusion des autorités nationales de concurrence, est compétente ... [more ▼]

En se fondant sur une lecture littéralement et téléologiquement discutable du Règlement 1/2003 pour conclure que seule la Commission, à l'exclusion des autorités nationales de concurrence, est compétente pour constater l'absence d'une pratique abusive, la Cour omet de tenir compte des implications pratiques de la limitation qu'elle impose aux compétences des ANC. [less ▲]

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See detailCredit Rating Agencies and Competition Law
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Neyrinck, Norman ULiege

in CPI Antitrust Journal (2011), 8(Summer),

Interestingly, while all the evidence points to the existence of a competition problem in the rating industry, almost nothing has been written on whether the CRAs could be amenable to antitrust scrutiny ... [more ▼]

Interestingly, while all the evidence points to the existence of a competition problem in the rating industry, almost nothing has been written on whether the CRAs could be amenable to antitrust scrutiny. This paper aims at identifying competition law tools that could be used to redress the functioning of the market for credit rating services. [less ▲]

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See detailL'UE devrait enquêter sur l'irrationalité des agences de notation
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2011)

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See detailLes vertus oubliées d'une politique de concurrence efficace
Petit, Nicolas ULiege

Article for general public (2011)

La Commission européenne a remis en cause le système belge d’indexation automatique des salaires. L’inflation s’accélère et est nettement supérieure à celle de la zone euro. Il y a pourtant un remède « ... [more ▼]

La Commission européenne a remis en cause le système belge d’indexation automatique des salaires. L’inflation s’accélère et est nettement supérieure à celle de la zone euro. Il y a pourtant un remède « gagnant/gagnant » au panier percé de l’indexation automatique. Il faut revoir la politique belge de la concurrence. [less ▲]

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See detailBack to Microsoft I and II: Tying and the Art of Secret Magic
Petit, Nicolas ULiege; Neyrinck, Norman ULiege

in Journal of European Competition Law and Practice (2011), 2(2), 117-121

This paper seeks to uncover an inconvenient truth. The Microsoft decisions are not tying cases. Rather, the two decisions taken by the EU Commission against Microsoft – i.e. the Windows Media Player ... [more ▼]

This paper seeks to uncover an inconvenient truth. The Microsoft decisions are not tying cases. Rather, the two decisions taken by the EU Commission against Microsoft – i.e. the Windows Media Player (“WMP”) case of 2004 and the Internet Explorer (“IE”) case of 2009 – mark departures from conventional tying analysis (I). First, they deviate from standard tying law in that in the Microsoft cases, a key component of abusive tying, namely coercion, is missing (II). Second, the Microsoft decisions share many analogies with “essential facility” cases. One may thus question to what extent the Commission has not pursued disguised refusal to supply cases (III). [less ▲]

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