Publications of Serge Schmitz
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See detailLes friches minières : paysage culturel et enjeu de développement rural. Regards croisés entre Bucovine et Wallonie
Chiriță, Viorel; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Book published by Atelier des Presses (2017)

A travers une analyse comparée de trois communautés possédant d'importantes exploitations minières actuellement désaffectées de Bucovine et de trois mines désaffectées de Wallonie, chercheurs et étudiants ... [more ▼]

A travers une analyse comparée de trois communautés possédant d'importantes exploitations minières actuellement désaffectées de Bucovine et de trois mines désaffectées de Wallonie, chercheurs et étudiants, pour la plupart géographes, ont relevé les particularités locales de la problématique de la reconversion et de l’utilisation des friches minières. Cet ouvrage examine les scénarios proposés pour le développement des anciennes communautés minières et montre la diversité des cas, compare des possibilités d’aménagement et de gestion et veut surtout sensibiliser sur le devenir de ces espaces, souvent connotés négativement, mais dont le potentiel en matière de développement mérite que l’on s’y attarde. [less ▲]

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See detailL'image de marque des villes wallonnes
Scatton, Loïc; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Belgeo (2017), 2016(1),

City branding practices have become widespread but few studies measure their effects on medium-sized cities. Through an analysis of the practices of city branding and internal and external images of the ... [more ▼]

City branding practices have become widespread but few studies measure their effects on medium-sized cities. Through an analysis of the practices of city branding and internal and external images of the cities of Liege and Charleroi, this article points out the relative strengths and weaknesses of the images of each of the Walloon cities, among their businessmen, vis-a vis those of the other Walloon city. The images of these two cities are composites and branding policies are still in their infancy. These policies have followed a top-down approach which may explain the limited use of the two brands even if they use ideas shared by local entrepreneurs. However the research underlines the absence of opinions on certain characteristics of the cities or a negative view which often requires works in the field but also better communication. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Chirita, Viorel; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Chirita, Viorel; Schmitz, Serge (Eds.) Les friches minières : paysage culturel et enjeu de développement rural (2017)

Introduction of the book based on the project: Cultural landscapes with mining brownfields. Retrospectives and perspectives in Bucovina (Romania) and Wallonia (Belgium)

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See detailBalancing Heritage and Innovation: Pathways towards the Sustainability of Rural Systems
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Firmino, Ana; Kim, Doo Chul et al

Book published by Société Géographique de Liège (2017)

This special issue of BSGLg collected seven papers presented at the 24th Colloquium of the IGU Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems. The conference was organized in Belgium by Serge Schmitz ... [more ▼]

This special issue of BSGLg collected seven papers presented at the 24th Colloquium of the IGU Commission on the Sustainability of Rural Systems. The conference was organized in Belgium by Serge Schmitz and his team, and once more the participants were offered the opportunity to know a small country, its people, landscapes and heritage. On the other hand participants from different countries shared their knowledge. A great combination that is now available to the reader in the following pages, where it will be possible to find out how heritage and innovation may be a perfect marriage. [less ▲]

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See detailPatrimoine culturel immatériel - Manuel
Lempereur, Françoise ULiege; Khaznadar, Chérif; Gob, André ULiege et al

Book published by Presses universitaires de Liège (2017)

Written by 18 authors from different origins and different scientific fields, this manual intends to understand the issues of intangible cultural heritage, to show safeguard policies and to give ... [more ▼]

Written by 18 authors from different origins and different scientific fields, this manual intends to understand the issues of intangible cultural heritage, to show safeguard policies and to give methodological tools. Papers are practical, descriptive or reflexive and give a lot of case analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging Attitudes Towards Wind Turbines in Walloon Landscapes
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2016, July)

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See detailPressions urbaines et résistances d'une campagne périurbaine belge : L'Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege

Conference (2016, July)

Les espaces ruraux en Belgique subissent des pressions importantes et diverses qui les obligent à se redéfinir. A travers l’étude du cœur de l’Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse, nous listons les principales pressions ... [more ▼]

Les espaces ruraux en Belgique subissent des pressions importantes et diverses qui les obligent à se redéfinir. A travers l’étude du cœur de l’Entre-Vesdre-et-Meuse, nous listons les principales pressions et les initiatives de résiliences des agriculteurs et citoyens en quête d’une ruralité nécessairement remodelée. Face à la détérioration du paysage de bocage et l’urbanisation morphologique et fonctionnelle des campagnes, de nombreuses initiatives ont vu le jour. Elles visent l’entretien du paysage, la sauvegarde du patrimoine architectural, le maintien des traditions folkloriques et gastronomiques, la valorisation de l’agriculture et du tourisme, ou la sensibilisation à l’héritage culturel et naturel. Anciens et nouveaux habitants décident de défendre cet héritage bien que leurs modes d’habiter, d’exploiter et de consommer soient parfois en dissonance avec leur combat. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainability of Rural Systems: Balancing Heritage and Innovation
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Dubois, Charline ULiege; Cawley, Mary et al

Book published by Atelier des Presses (2016)

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy ... [more ▼]

With the discussion of six themes - New technologies and the new rural ways of life, Agronomic innovations and their social and environmental impacts, From ecosystem services to agroservices, Energy issues in rural areas, Multifunctional forests and the countryside, Tourism and recreation - the conference analyses how to balance cultural and natural heritage and innovation with special reference to the ecological and social dimensions. [less ▲]

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See detailReflexive Loops on Scaling issues in Landscape Quality Assessment
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege

in Land Use Policy (2016), 53

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See detailDeveloping Tourism Products and new Partnerships through Participative Action Research in Rural Cameroon
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Lekane Tsoubgou, Dieudonné

in Geographical Research (2016), 54(2), 143-152

The paper explores possible synergies between microfinance institutions and small and medium medium tourism businesses in the West Cameron Chiefdooms. Based on a research action the authors emphasise the ... [more ▼]

The paper explores possible synergies between microfinance institutions and small and medium medium tourism businesses in the West Cameron Chiefdooms. Based on a research action the authors emphasise the obstacles to the formation of partnership and describe how the researchers facilitated networking. [less ▲]

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See detailLe tourisme à la ferme : une expérience authentique ou un simulacre ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Decroly, J.-M. (Ed.) Le tourisme comme expérience - Regards interdisciplinaires sur le vécu touristique (2015)

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in ... [more ▼]

Although farm tourism is an appealing idea combining agriculture and tourism, the chance to succeed in both activities is low. The Farm tourism experiments are supplied, imagined and experimented in different ways. Consequently definitions, practices and perceptions of agritourism or farm tourism differ as well. Using Gunn’s image typology the paper analyses induced, organic and modified by experience images of argitourism. The study combines data issued from a survey amongst tourists (n = 230), 26 tourism farm holders’ life stories and 31 interviews with experts conducted both in Wallonia and Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. It scrutinizes the promotional discourses, the life experience and the strategy of farm tourism holders, the expectations of tourists who have experimented farm tourism or not, who claim living in the countryside or not. The level of expectations regarding reception, authenticity, convenience, and active participation in farm works differ noticeably and are now and then inconsistent with the supply and the farm activity. [less ▲]

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See detailRELY – short term scientific missions
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2015, September)

The COST Action TU1401 ‘Renewable Energy and Landscape Quality’ ('RELY') encourages Short Term Scientific Missions (STSMs). This Action investigates “the inter‐relationships between renewable energy ... [more ▼]

The COST Action TU1401 ‘Renewable Energy and Landscape Quality’ ('RELY') encourages Short Term Scientific Missions (STSMs). This Action investigates “the inter‐relationships between renewable energy production and landscape quality, and the role of public participation for the acceptance of renewable energy systems”. STSMs are exchange visits from five working days until three months that are aiming to strengthen the existing networks by allowing individual scientists to go to an institution or laboratory in other COST country to foster collaboration and contribute to the scientific objectives of the COST Action. Each year of the COST Action TU1401, there are up to six STSMs to be awarded. The financial support is a contribution to the costs of a STSM. A grant (maximum 2500€ depending on the duration of the stay) covers travel and subsistence. We invite researchers, especially early stage researchers, to participate in a STSM. The selection of STSM applicants is based on the scientific scope of the STSM application that must be in line with the Cost Action TU1401 objectives. This short communication aims to inform of the next calls and presents the result of the 2015 call. [less ▲]

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See detailFabriquer la nature pour la récréation des citadins : le tourisme à la ferme, la « renaturation » d’un service dénaturé ?
Dubois, Charline ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2015, September)

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous ... [more ▼]

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous voulons interroger la domestication de la nature par les agriculteurs afin qu’elle colle aux représentations des clients urbains. Nous analysons les nouvelles manières de concevoir la campagne et la nature au travers d’activités de loisirs et services récréatifs à la ferme. Certains agriculteurs, voulant diversifier leurs activités, participer au développement local ou récupérer et promouvoir une image valorisante de leur métier, développent de nouveaux produits et services touristiques, culturels, gastronomiques, de bien-être et de santé à destination de la société (Watkins & Matless 2003, Poulot 2011, Aubry & Pourias 2013). Pour accueillir des touristes, les agriculteurs ne doivent-ils pas dénaturer l’activité agricole pour « renaturer » de manière urbaine l’environnement proche ? Les agriculteurs qui choisissent l’agritourisme adaptent ainsi progressivement leurs produits aux attentes des citoyens. Mais quelle limite donner à cette adaptation quand on connaît le lien entre l’activité agricole et l’activité d’accueil à la ferme ? Quelle est l’importance de l’atout nature dans cette diversification ? Nous interrogeons d’abord un corpus de 40 récits de vie auprès d’agriculteurs wallons et luxembourgeois, tenanciers d’une activité de diversification centrée sur le tourisme au sein de leur exploitation agricole (pratiques agricoles différentes, produits touristiques variés, expériences courtes et longues, motivations complexes) (Dubois 2014). Ensuite nous utilisons les résultats d’une enquête réalisée dans la rue auprès de touristes potentiels (sur les 1148 individus interrogés dans 7 pôles touristiques de Wallonie et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 48% se considèrent comme urbain) (Dubois 2014). Nous utilisons enfin une analyse des exploitations agricoles visitées et de leurs abords au travers des éléments et caractéristiques (milieu physique, anthropique, humain, animaux, produits touristiques) mis en avant dans les photos prises sur le terrain et dans les images utilisées pour leur promotion touristique. Les analyses de contenu (analyses qualitatives avec NVivo®) et les analyses statistiques (analyses quantitatives avec Statistica®) font ressortir que le concept de nature mis en avant se focalise aux paysages, aux promenades et au calme : notamment des paysages que la personne peut observer depuis la terrasse, des promenades balisées de courte durée et un calme qui invite au repos et où la personne se sent en sécurité. La nature voulue par les urbains est une nature très sélective et cadrée. Mais même si les agriculteurs évoluent dans leur finage, il existe des initiatives et des stratégies différentes : la plupart des agriculteurs se contentent de domestiquer la nature au abords de la ferme pour faire paraître un cadre agréable et sécurisant, se gardant de modifier leur pratiques agricoles dans les champs avoisinants, d’autres, minoritaires, on prévu des parcours de découvertes et des activités intégrées dans la nature tels les golfs fermiers. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging public viewpoints on wind energy development in Belgium
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

Conference (2015, September)

The amount of wind turbines has increased exponentially in Belgium in the last eight years (175 in 2007, 771 in 2015). During this period, especially in the last two years, critics of this energy have ... [more ▼]

The amount of wind turbines has increased exponentially in Belgium in the last eight years (175 in 2007, 771 in 2015). During this period, especially in the last two years, critics of this energy have become more organised, virulent, and active in delaying or stopping many projects. The landscape impact of wind energy is central to their arguments. We wonder if people’s attitudes towards wind turbines and landscape changed in the last years in Belgium and how they changed. This paper compares public perception of wind energy in two researches about landscape perception. The two studies used slightly different methodologies but with similarities in the designs, allowing some comparisons. The first research (2007‐2009) aimed to study the perceived landscape impact and the social acceptance of wind turbines in Belgium. 1542 Belgians were surveyed about their landscape preferences using a photo‐questionnaire, including some pictures with wind turbines. 75 stakeholders of wind energy projects were also interviewed. The second research (2012‐2014) aimed to examine deeper the landscape preferences among 54 residents in three areas in Wallonia where wind turbines are present, using the previous photographs. During the conduct of the first research, changing attitudes were already observed. People had become more familiar with wind turbines and were less reluctant. The symbolic positive aspect of wind energy was highlighted seven years ago. This view continues. However, people seem more categorical in their viewpoint. All respondents have now been confronted to wind energy, which was not the case seven years ago. Some persons are not against wind farms but their increase in number start to overwhelm them. Others point they get used to the turbines, as long as they are not too many and too close. The huge increase in wind farms in the last seven years has changed the acceptance of wind energy. Some doubts about the real efficiency of this energy also shaped the attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailNature des villes, nature des champs : Synergies et controverses. Journée de terrain à La Louvière (Belgique)
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Cornut, Pierre; Dubois, Charline ULiege et al

Conference (2015, September)

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan ... [more ▼]

Comment une ville moyenne, née du charbon et de l'industrialisation, se restructure pour s'inscrire sur la carte de Belgique et maintenir activités économiques et habitants? Entre patrimoine Unesco, Plan Communal de Développement de la Nature et Rénovation urbaine, nous analyserons les divers projets d'amélioration du cadre de vie et d'intégration de la nature tant côté ville que côté campagne. [less ▲]

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See detailAre there different analysis paterns when people assess rural landscapes?
Vanderheyden, Vincent ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

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See detailMaking "Place" count in Risk perception studies
Ocampo, Lou Angeli ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

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See detailWe forgot to pay attention to ordinary tourism! A call to revise the research agenda for rural tourism
Schmitz, Serge ULiege; Crozat, Dominique

in Firmino, Ana (Ed.) Book of Abstracts and Programme: 23rd Annual Colloquium on Sustainable Rural Systems: Smart Answers for a smiling future (2015, July)

This paper aims to suggest a new research agenda for rural tourism, including for a smiling future for the countryside, in reversing the current trend to distinguish the destination, to aim at ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to suggest a new research agenda for rural tourism, including for a smiling future for the countryside, in reversing the current trend to distinguish the destination, to aim at supersegmentation of tourism and to target a cultural, elitist, tourism. Indeed most tourist activities can be done and are done in a relative vicinity, by ordinary tourists aiming to have a good time. Moreover, the countryside does not always offer extraordinary sights that attract people from the whole continent. We argue that there should be a place and more attention for ordinary tourism development. By ordinary tourism, we do not mean mass tourism but just the fact that some people spent a few days away from home. We do not want to reject the appealing concepts of cultural tourism, ecotourism, adventure tourism, ethnic tourism, gastronomic tourism, farm tourism and so on. We just want to be realistic and call to rethink the importance of ordinary tourism and its current challenges: facing new ways of traveling (e.g. Low cost), of buying vacation (e-commerce), of enjoying holidays (more frequently/with friends, alone or with the family/ being active or passive). [less ▲]

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See detailThe utility of Google Scholar when searching geographical literature: comparison with three commercial bibliographic databases
Stirbu, Simona ULiege; Thirion, Paul ULiege; Schmitz, Serge ULiege et al

in Journal of Academic Librarianship (2015), 41(3), 322-329

This study aims to highlight what benefits, if any, Google Scholar (GS) has for academic literature searches in the field of geography, compared to three commercial bibliographic databases: Web of Science ... [more ▼]

This study aims to highlight what benefits, if any, Google Scholar (GS) has for academic literature searches in the field of geography, compared to three commercial bibliographic databases: Web of Science (WoS) and FRANCIS (multidisciplinary databases) and GeoRef (specialized in geosciences). To ensure a valid comparison, identical bibliographic searches were applied using each of the four bibliographic tools. To exclude automatic variations of the ten keywords tested, they were placed between quotation marks and searched only in the “title” field of the respective search tools’ interfaces. The results were limited to bibliographic references published from 2005 to 2009. In order to assess the repeatability of the results, the exact same process was repeated monthly between November 2010 and July 2011. Initially the whole set of results was analyzed, after which the search results for two keywords (selected since they yielded a manageable number of results) were studied in more detail. The results indicate that GS search results show a large degree of overlap with those of the other databases but, moreover, yield numerous unique hits, which should be useful to researchers in both the fields of human and physical geography. GS leads the other tools widely on number of results, independently of keyword, subfield, year of publication, or time of search. [less ▲]

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See detailLa resiliencia comunitaria en el centro de la mitigacion de amenazas naturales: un breve estado del arte
Schmitz, Serge ULiege

in Hermesse, Julie; Servais, Olivier; Schmitz, Serge (Eds.) et al Ordenamiento territorial en la prevención de desastres (2015)

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