Publications of Jacques Defourny
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See detailLa percée de l'entrepreneuriat social: clarifications conceptuelles
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Nyssens, Marthe

in Juris Associations (2011), 436(avril), 18-23

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See detailGlobal Social Economy: Historical Context and Current Progress
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Develtere, Patrick; Zhao, Li

in Journal of Comparative Economic and Social Systems (2011), 153(1), 146-157

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See detailApproches comparées de l'entrepreneuriat social en Europe et aux Etats-Unis
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

in Revue Internationale de l'Économie Sociale: Recma (2010, November 09)

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See detailSpecificities of social enterprise development in Eastern Asia
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2010, November 04)

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See detailLes nouveaux entrepreneurs sociaux : une perspective internationale
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2010, October 14)

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See detailLes conceptions de l'entreprise sociale en Europe et aux Etats-Unis: convergences et divergences
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Nyssens, Marthe

in Revue Internationale de l'Économie Sociale: Recma (2010, September 09), 319(janvier 2011), 18-35

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See detailWork Integration Social Enterprises and European Labour Markets
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Scientific conference (2010, June 18)

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See detailThe Emergence of Social Enterprise: Toward a Worldwide Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Scientific conference (2010, June 17)

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See detailLa nouvelle vague de l'entrepreneuriat social: éléments pour une analyse critique
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2010, February 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 66 (3 ULiège)
See detailUne ébauche d'analyse coûts-bénéfices d'un service civil en Belgique
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Mahiels, Gaëlle ULiege

Conference (2010, February 01)

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See detailConcepts and Realities of Social Enterprise : A European Perspective
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

in Fayolle, A.; Matlay, H. (Eds.) Handbook of Research on Social Entrepreneurship (2010)

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See detailSocial enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULiege

Conference (2010)

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See detailExploring the Diversity of Fair Trade Social Enterprises
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULiege; Defourny, Jacques ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2010)

Fair trade (FT) organisations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply ... [more ▼]

Fair trade (FT) organisations have been quite early taken as examples of social enterprises (SE) and have contributed to the shaping of the SE concept. The goal of this article is to examine more deeply, both at a conceptual and at an empirical level, to what extent FT organisations can be considered as social enterprises. First, we introduce different theoretical frameworks of SE and examine FT in the context of each of these frameworks. In a second step, we use an empirical study on fair trade social enterprises (FTSEs) across four European countries to illustrate and deepen the links between FT and SE, focusing on the goals and the governance structures of FTSEs. It appears that all FTSEs combine in some way economic, social and sometimes also political goals. FTSEs are thus in line with the "hybrid-goal" nature of SEs. FTSEs' governance is also quite specific and often innovative in terms of organisational architecture and stakeholders' involvement. Some FTSEs are closer to the European – participatory – approach of social enterprise, while others are closer to US – individual – approaches. Finally, the governance structures of FTSEs seem to reflect quite well their goal mix. This article provides a more solid basis for the often implicit link between FT and SE. Future researches could use our work to explore specific topics of the SE literature (e.g. stakeholders' involvement) in the context of FT. The FT example could also be used to examine further the shifting boundaries of the SE reality. The originality of this article is to apply the SE concept to a specific field and to show how, within this field, there is at the same time (1) a diversity of organisations, reflecting the diversity of SE approaches and (2) a range of specific features (especially in terms of goal mix and governance) distinguishing SEs from other types of organisations operating in the same field. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial enterprise models in Eastern Asia
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Kim, Shin-Yang

in Social Enterprise Journal (2010), 7(1), 86-111

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See detailConceptions of Social Enterprise and Social Entrepreneurship in Europe and the United States: Convergences and Divergences
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Nyssens, Marthe

in Journal of Social Entrepreneurship (2010), 1(1), 32-53

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See detailSocial Enterprise in Europe: At the Crossroads of Market, Public Policies and Third Sector
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Nyssens, Marthe

in Policy and Society (2010), 29(3), 231-232

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See detailSocial Enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Nyssens, Marthe

in Hart, Keith; Laville, Jean-Louis; Cattani, David (Eds.) The Human Economy. A Citizen’s Guide (2010)

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See detailDoes the mission of providers matter on a quasi-market? The case of the Belgian "service voucher" scheme
Defourny, Jacques ULiege; Henry, Arnaud; Nassaut, Stéphane et al

in Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics (2010), 81(4), 583-610

In 2001, the Belgian government introduced a ‘service voucher’ scheme in the field of domestic (housework) services, following a quasi-market mechanism which fosters competition between providers of ... [more ▼]

In 2001, the Belgian government introduced a ‘service voucher’ scheme in the field of domestic (housework) services, following a quasi-market mechanism which fosters competition between providers of different types as regards sector (for-profit, public, third sector) and mission (seeking profits, home care provision to vulnerable groups and work integration of the unemployed). Empirical evidence suggests that third sector organizations focusing on a social mission recognized by a tutelary regulation are the best performing with regards to the quality of jobs and service organization, leading to a better ‘triangulation’ of the service relationship. On the other hand, for-profit providers, especially temporary work agencies, seem to favour their capacity of adaptation to the desiderata of their clients and costs’ minimization to the detriment of the quality of jobs which are made as flexible as possible. [less ▲]

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