Publications of Mickael Dourcy
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See detailA gammaherpesvirus licenses CD8 T cells to protect the host from pneumovirus-induced immunopathologies.
Dourcy, Mickael ULiege; Maquet, Céline ULiege; Dams, Lorène ULiege et al

in Mucosal Immunology (2020)

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a pneumovirus that causes severe infections in infants worldwide. Despite intensive research, safe and effective vaccines against RSV have remained elusive. The ... [more ▼]

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a pneumovirus that causes severe infections in infants worldwide. Despite intensive research, safe and effective vaccines against RSV have remained elusive. The main reason is that RSV infection of children previously immunized with formalin-inactivated-RSV vaccines has been associated with exacerbated pathology, a phenomenon called RSV vaccine-enhanced respiratory disease. In parallel, despite the high RSV prevalence, only a minor proportion of children develop severe diseases. Interestingly, variation in the immune responses against RSV or following RSV vaccination could be linked with differences of exposure to microbes during childhood. Gammaherpesviruses (γHVs), such as the Epstein–Barr virus, are persistent viruses that deeply influence the immune system of their host and could therefore affect the development of pneumovirus-induced immunopathologies for the long term. Here, we showed that a previous ɣHV infection protects against both pneumovirus vaccine-enhanced disease and pneumovirus primary infection and that CD8 T cells are essential for this protection. These observations shed a new light on the understanding of pneumovirus-induced diseases and open new perspectives for the development of vaccine strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of urinary and serum level of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 as a potential biomarker in canine urothelial tumours
Shimizu, Naomi ULiege; Hamaide, Annick ULiege; Dourcy, Mickael ULiege et al

in Veterinary and Comparative Oncology (2018)

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) is a chemotactic cytokine recruiting monocytes, releasing growth factors and promoting adhesion in vascular endothelium. Elevated serum and urinary CCL2 levels and ... [more ▼]

Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2) is a chemotactic cytokine recruiting monocytes, releasing growth factors and promoting adhesion in vascular endothelium. Elevated serum and urinary CCL2 levels and expression of its receptor (CCR2) have been associated with tumorigenesis in human urinary malignancies. CCL2 implication has not been investigated in canine urothelial carcinoma. The aim of this study was to evaluate CCL2 serum and urine levels (measured by ELISA) in dogs with urothelial carcinoma or non-neoplastic urinary tract disease. CCL2 serum and urine levels were significantly higher in diseased dogs compared with healthy dogs (P < 0.001). Dogs with carcinoma had significantly higher serum and urine CCL2 levels (P = 0.001) than healthy dogs. Dogs with metastases showed significantly lower serum and urine CCL2 levels compared with the non-metastasised tumour group (P = 0.007). CCL2 as a diagnostic marker for urothelial carcinoma held a sensitivity of 95.2% and a specificity of 38.2% in the urine. As a staging marker, sensitivity was 85.7% and specificity was 57.1% with a positive predictive value of 75.7% and a negative predictive value of 71.9%. Further investigation is needed to define the role of CCL2 as a prognostic marker in canine urothelial carcinoma. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd [less ▲]

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See detailCorrection to: A gammaherpesvirus provides protection against allergic asthma by inducing the replacement of resident alveolar macrophages with regulatory monocytes (Nature Immunology, (2017), 18, 12, (1310-1320), 10.1038/ni.3857)
Machiels, Bénédicte ULiege; Dourcy, Mickael ULiege; Xiao, X. et al

in Nature Immunology (2018), 19(9), 1035

In the version of this article initially published, the accession code for the RNA-seq data set deposited in the NCBI public repository Sequence Read Archive was missing from the ‘Data availability’ ... [more ▼]

In the version of this article initially published, the accession code for the RNA-seq data set deposited in the NCBI public repository Sequence Read Archive was missing from the ‘Data availability’ subsection of the Methods section. The accession code is SRP125477. © 2017, The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Murid Herpesvirus 4 Imprinting against Heterologous Respiratory Immunopathologies
Dourcy, Mickael ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2017)

Gammaherpesvirus (ɣ-HVs) infections are highly prevalent in both human and animals. They persist in their host by establishing and maintaining latent infections. Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4) is a wild ... [more ▼]

Gammaherpesvirus (ɣ-HVs) infections are highly prevalent in both human and animals. They persist in their host by establishing and maintaining latent infections. Murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4) is a wild rodent pathogen that can be used as a model of ɣ-HV infection in the laboratory mouse. Like other ɣ-HVs, MuHV-4 profoundly imprints the host immune system to allow completion of its biological cycle. In particular, MuHV-4-induced modulations have been shown to confer bystander protection against heterologous secondary infections. Type 2 respiratory immunopathologies are of major interest in public health, specifically in developped countries. Notably, allergic asthma affects more than 300 million people worldwide and hSRV (human respiratory syncytial virus) inactivated vaccine-induced Th2 immunopathology substantially delays the development of vaccines against this virus which is yet the main infectious agent of bronchopneumopathies in children and olders. According to the hygiene hypothesis, epidemiological studies suggest that late primoinfections to human ɣ-HVs are correlated to an increased risk of allergic sensitization later in life. Using the MuHV-4 model, the in vivo impact of a ɣ-HV infection was tested against the development of on one hand, allergic airway inflammation induced by house dust mites (HDM) allergens (study 1) and on the other hand, anti-pneumovirus Th2 immunopathology, using Pneumonia virus of mice (PVM) to faithfully mimic the original hRSV disease in homologous host-virus model (study 2). Our results have shown that MuHV-4-infected mice are protected from the development of both allergic and vaccine-induced type 2 immune disorders. Moreover, MuHV-4-infected mice were also clinically protected from the subsequent heterologous infection with PVM. Finally, the protective mechanism against HDM allergic asthma was deciphered; pulmonary MuHV-4 lytic infection causes the severe depletion of the alveolar niche which is repopulated by bone marrow-derived monocytes. These latter cells then differentiate into alveolar macrophages (AMs) that are both phenotypically and functionally distinct from resident AMs. Indeed, in previously MuHV-4 infected mice, these monocyte-derived AMs express regulatory functions to block the activation of dendritic cells involved in allergic sensitization, therefore, conferring protection against allergic airway inflammation. In conclusion, the present thesis has unambiguously unraveled that ɣ-HV infection can protect the host against the development of main public health-related respiratory type 2 immune disorders. Replacement of embryonic AMs by regulatory monocytes is thus a major feature underlying the long-term training of the lung immunity after infections, and could provide a possible mechanistic explanation for the hygiene hypothesis. Altogether, this work opens interesting perspectives for the prevention of respiratory type 2 immunopathologies. [less ▲]

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See detailA gammaherpesvirus provides protection against allergic asthma by inducing the replacement of resident alveolar macrophages with regulatory monocytes.
Machiels, Bénédicte ULiege; Dourcy, Mickael ULiege; Xiao, Xue ULiege et al

in Nature Immunology (2017)

The hygiene hypothesis postulates that the recent increase in allergic diseases such as asthma and hay fever observed in Western countries is linked to reduced exposure to childhood infections. Here we ... [more ▼]

The hygiene hypothesis postulates that the recent increase in allergic diseases such as asthma and hay fever observed in Western countries is linked to reduced exposure to childhood infections. Here we investigated how infection with a gammaherpesvirus affected the subsequent development of allergic asthma. We found that murid herpesvirus 4 (MuHV-4) inhibited the development of house dust mite (HDM)-induced experimental asthma by modulating lung innate immune cells. Specifically, infection with MuHV-4 caused the replacement of resident alveolar macrophages (AMs) by monocytes with regulatory functions. Monocyte-derived AMs blocked the ability of dendritic cells to trigger a HDM-specific response by the TH2 subset of helper T cells. Our results indicate that replacement of embryonic AMs by regulatory monocytes is a major mechanism underlying the long-term training of lung immunity after infection. [less ▲]

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See detailNo Evidence of Herpesvirus Infection in West Highland Terriers with Canine Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
Roels, Elodie ULiege; Dourcy, Mickael ULiege; Holopainen, S. et al

in Veterinary Pathology (2016)

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See detailA gammaherpesvirus infection protects from allergic asthma development
Machiels, Bénédicte ULiege; Dourcy, Mickael ULiege; Xiao, X. et al

Conference (2015, December)

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