Publications of Veerle Rots
Bookmark and Share    
Full Text
See detailBlind-testing the quartz microwear method
Taipale, Noora ULiege; Lepers, Christian ULiege; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Apel, Jan; Sundström, Lars (Eds.) Papers in honour of Kjel Knutsson (working title) (in press)

Blind tests have had an important role in the history of functional studies. They have been essential for both demonstrating the accuracy of functional interpretations and for discovering methodological ... [more ▼]

Blind tests have had an important role in the history of functional studies. They have been essential for both demonstrating the accuracy of functional interpretations and for discovering methodological pitfalls, including the problem of equifinality in microwear formation. Functional method for quartz has been in place since the late 1980s, mainly thanks to the pioneering work done by K. Knutsson. While the initial methodological efforts and subsequent archaeological applications have shown that the use of prehistoric quartz tools can be reconstructed in detail and that quartz assemblages can therefore contribute significantly to our understanding of past technologies and behaviours, the strength of the method has never been formally demonstrated through blind testing. We present here the results of a two-part single-analyst blind test involving 25 tools made of xenomorphic (vein) quartz and used either hand-held or hafted for different tasks. The test was aimed at a preliminary evaluation of the performance of low and high magnification approaches as well as their combination. The results are used to discuss the challenges involved in the analysis, and different solutions are proposed for meeting them in future studies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailA 300.000 old throwing stick from the Palaeolithic site of Schöningen, northern Germany documents the evolution of human hunting
Conard, Nicholas J.; Serangeli, Jordi; Bigga, Gerlinde et al

in Nature Ecology and Evolution (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (11 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailChanges in hafting practices during the Middle Stone Age at Ifri n’ Ammar
Tomasso, Sonja ULiege; Cnuts, Dries ULiege; Mikdad, Abdeslam et al

in Quaternary International (2020)

The present use wear and residue analysis aims at identifying hafting practices during the Middle Stone Age at Ifri n’Ammar to improve insight in assemblage variability through time. Particular attention ... [more ▼]

The present use wear and residue analysis aims at identifying hafting practices during the Middle Stone Age at Ifri n’Ammar to improve insight in assemblage variability through time. Particular attention was devoted to the characteristics of the tanged and non-tanged tools to determine whether these morphological varieties were linked with different prehensile modes. The functional evidence suggests that the process of hafting seemed to be embedded in the technical system, and was not restricted to specific tool morphologies, or tool functions, but concerned a variety of tool types and functions, which is particularly relevant for a better comprehension of the Aterian. Moreover, the detailed analysis of hafting traces identified the integration of animal materials within the process of stone tool hafting as a key factor for changes in stone tool morphologies during the Aterian. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailToolkits in the Aterian technocomplex: new insights based on a use-wear analysis of the assemblages of Ifri n’Ammar.
Tomasso, Sonja ULiege; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Hunter-gatherers tool-kit: a functional perspective (2020)

The Aterian technocomplex in North Africa has been known since the last century, but its definition is still an issue of debate, especially with regard to its technological characteristics, its ... [more ▼]

The Aterian technocomplex in North Africa has been known since the last century, but its definition is still an issue of debate, especially with regard to its technological characteristics, its chronological position in the Maghrebian Middle Palaeolithic and its broad geographical extension. Detailed techno-functional analysis of stone tools has the potential of revising our understanding of lithic industries and can contribute new types of data to the discussion on the definition and characteristics of the Aterian. We present here the case study of Ifri n’Ammar, a rock shelter located in the eastern Moroccan Rif, which contributes to our current knowledge about tool use, hafting and site function. The present study is the first functional analysis on an entire Aterian lithic assemblage and also the first occasion where the concept of toolkits is discussed in the context of this technocomplex. The results will thus form a basis for a broader discussion of Aterian toolkits. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (3 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailApport de l’analyse tracéologique à la compréhension de l’assemblage lithique atérien d’Ifri n’Ammar : résultat d’une étude préliminaire sur l’assemblage de l’Occupation supérieure
Tomasso, Sonja ULiege; Mikdad, Abdeslam; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Bulletin d'Archeologie Marocaine (2020), 24

L’existence d’outils pédonculés atériens parmi les techno-complexes du Middle Stone Age nord-africain est mentionnée depuis le début du siècle dernier. Depuis, l’Atérien a surtout été étudié d’un point de ... [more ▼]

L’existence d’outils pédonculés atériens parmi les techno-complexes du Middle Stone Age nord-africain est mentionnée depuis le début du siècle dernier. Depuis, l’Atérien a surtout été étudié d’un point de vue typologique et, plus récemment, technologique. En revanche, les données fonctionnelles sont extrêmement lacunaires. Nous présentons ici les résultats préliminaires d’une première étude fonctionnelle des assemblages lithiques d’Ifri n’Ammar, un abri rocheux situé dans le Rif oriental marocain. Le corpus archéologique a fourni une grande diversité d’outils lithiques, offrant l’opportunité d’aborder la question des adaptations morphologiques pour l’emmanchement. À plus grande échelle, l’objectif principal sera d’améliorer et d’enrichir la compréhension des assemblages du Middle Stone Age nord-africain avec l’apport d’une analyse fonctionnelle. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailCold-climate toolkits: firemaking, lithic recycling and assemblage formation in the Magdalenian of Hohle Fels Cave
Taipale, Noora ULiege; Rots, Veerle ULiege; Conard, Nicholas J.

in Gibaja, Juan F.; Marreiros, João; Mazzucco, Niccolò (Eds.) et al Hunter-gatherer tool-kit: a functional perspective (2020)

Equipment used for fire-making must have formed an integral part of the toolkits of Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers, especially during cold periods and in regions where caves were exploited. Yet evidence of ... [more ▼]

Equipment used for fire-making must have formed an integral part of the toolkits of Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers, especially during cold periods and in regions where caves were exploited. Yet evidence of the use of flint in fire-making only becomes abundant towards the end of the Palaeolithic period. We present here a number of newly identified strike-a-lights from the Magdalenian occupation of Hohle Fels Cave (Swabian Jura, Germany), dated to between 16,300 and 14,700 cal BP. The artefacts are interpreted as strike-a-lights on the basis of relatively heavy rounding, scarring and linear features located at their extremities. Two of them also have deposits of red mineral residue that were deemed the possible degraded remains of sulphuric iron and further analysed with SEM-EDS. All the potential strike-a-lights presented here are recycled tools originally used for other activities. We use them as a basis for discussing the use of lithic raw material in hunter-gatherer toolkits in the younger part of the Upper Palaeolithic sequence of Hohle Fels. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailTechnology and function of Middle Stone Age points in sub-Saharan Africa. Insights from a combined approach on Bushman Rockshelter, South Africa
Douze, Katja; Igreja, Marina; Rots, Veerle ULiege et al

in Groucett, Huw (Ed.) Culture history and convergent evolution: Can we detect populations in Prehistory? (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 86 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailBird bones from Trou de Chaleux and the human exploitation of birds during the late Magdalenian in Belgium
Goffette, Quentin; Germonpré, Mietje; Lefèvre, Christine et al

in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports (2020)

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (2 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailDiverse means to an end: domestic tool hafting in the European Upper Palaeolithic
Taipale, Noora ULiege; Chiotti, Laurent; Conard, Nicholas et al

Conference (2019, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULiège)
See detailHuman exploitation of birds during the late Magdalenian at the Trou de Chaleux, Belgium
Goffette, Quentin; Germonpré, Mietje; Lefèvre, Christine et al

Conference (2019, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULiège)
See detailMSA deposits at Sibudu and Umbeli Belli in KZN, South Africa document cultural change in high resolution
Conard, Nicholas; Bader, Gregor; Schmid, Viola et al

Conference (2019, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailFreezing in-sight: the effect of frost cycles on use-wear and residues on flint tools
Michel, Marine ULiege; Cnuts, Dries ULiege; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailA techno-functional perspective on quartz micro-notches in Sibudu's Howiesons Poort indicates the use of barbs in hunting technology
de la Peña, Paloma; Taipale, Noora ULiege; Wadley, Lyn et al

Conference (2019, July)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULiège)
See detailNew results from the MSA of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa
Conard, Nicholas; Bader, Gregor; Rots, Veerle ULiege et al

Conference (2019, April)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailBreakage, scarring, scratches, and explosions: understanding impact trace formation on quartz
Taipale, Noora ULiege; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (8 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailIntegrating SEM-EDS in a sequential residue analysis protocol: benefits and challenges
Hayes, Elspeth; Cnuts, Dries ULiege; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports (2019), 23

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (7 ULiège)
Full Text
See detailDocumenting scarce and fragmented residues on stone tools: an experimental approach using optical microscopy and SEM-EDS
Hayes, Elspeth; Rots, Veerle ULiege

in Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences (2019)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (9 ULiège)