Publications of Marie Geurten
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See detailFeeling the ease: how the use of oral motor fluency changes in amnesia
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

in Journal of Neuropsychology (in press)

The present study examined the evolution observed in amnesic patients’ use of motor fluency when making recognition memory decisions. In this experiment, 9 patients with amnesia and 18 matched controls ... [more ▼]

The present study examined the evolution observed in amnesic patients’ use of motor fluency when making recognition memory decisions. In this experiment, 9 patients with amnesia and 18 matched controls were presented with two recognition memory tasks composed of 3 types of items: (a) natural words, (b) nonwords difficult to pronounce, and (c) nonwords easy to pronounce, the latter having been shown to be processed in a surprisingly fluent manner as long as participants can articulate them at a subvocal level (i.e., oral motor fluency). Our results provide evidence that the motor-movement manipulation was successful to induce a fluency effect. More specifically, data revealed that both amnesic patients and control participants showed a pattern of response consistent with the use of fluency as a cue to memory for studied items. However, only control participants relied on fluency to increase their rate of “yes” responses for unstudied items. These results suggest that patients with amnesia set a more conservative response criterion before relying on oral motor fluency, showing a pattern consistent with the idea that fluency is only used as a cue to memory when it exceeds a certain threshold. These findings are discussed in terms of adaptative metacognition strategies implemented by amnesic patients to reduce fluency-based memory errors as well as in terms of the variations that seem to occur in these strategies depending on the type of fluency that is experienced. [less ▲]

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See detailL'impact du confinement dû à la pandémie de COVID-19 sur la fatigue
Requier, Florence ULiege; Guillemin, Camille ULiege; Reyt, Mathilde ULiege et al

Conference (2021, May 10)

La pandémie de COVID-19 et le confinement instauré en mars 2020 ont eu des répercussions sur notre fonctionnement quotidien et notre qualité de vie. Certaines études se sont intéressées à leurs impacts ... [more ▼]

La pandémie de COVID-19 et le confinement instauré en mars 2020 ont eu des répercussions sur notre fonctionnement quotidien et notre qualité de vie. Certaines études se sont intéressées à leurs impacts sur des variables plutôt affectives, cependant, l'impact de ces événements sur la fatigue mentale et physique de la population a été peu étudié. L’objectif de notre étude est de déterminer quels facteurs, liés à la nouvelle situation, ont influencé la fatigue, d’une part, chez les travailleurs et, d’autre part, chez les personnes retraitées. Un questionnaire en ligne a été développé et diffusé pendant le confinement auprès d’une population européenne francophone. Des modèles généralisés mixtes ont été utilisés, séparément, sur les données de 430 travailleurs (Âge : 40.43 ± 12.16, 357 femmes) et de 124 personnes retraitées (Âge : 68.86 ± 6.13, 66 femmes). Nous avons constaté une augmentation de la fatigue physique et de la fatigue mentale perçues et nous avons observé si cette augmentation était liée à certaines variables telles que les données démographiques et affectives, l’évolution de l’environnement professionnel, l’évolution des occupations quotidiennes, les préoccupations liées au COVID, les changements relatifs au sommeil et l’évolution du degré de charge mentale (p<.05). Chez les travailleurs, nous avons trouvé des associations positives entre la fatigue physique et l’anxiété, l’effort au travail, les préoccupations liées au COVID, le dysfonctionnement diurne et la charge mentale. La fatigue physique a des relations négatives avec l’âge, les activités physiques, le degré de satisfaction envers les occupations, ainsi que la qualité et l’efficacité de sommeil. La fatigue mentale est, quant à elle, associée positivement avec l’anxiété, l’effort au travail, le télétravail, les préoccupations liées au COVID, les troubles du sommeil, le dysfonctionnement diurne et la charge mentale. Des relations négatives sont mises en évidence concernant la fatigue mentale et l’occupation au travail, l’utilisation de somnifères et le degré de satisfaction envers les occupations. Chez les personnes retraitées, nous avons observé des relations positives entre la fatigue physique et le niveau d’anxiété ainsi que les préoccupations liées au COVID-19 et une relation négative avec le degré de satisfaction envers les occupations L’augmentation de fatigue est associée à la modification d’une série d’activités quotidiennes induite par la situation sanitaire. Des programmes d’action ciblés sur ces comportements ou ces états modifiables laissent entrevoir des pistes d’intervention adaptées à cette situation. L’impact à long terme et les éventuelles stratégies mises en place par la population, suite à cette situation, restent à être investigués. [less ▲]

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See detailImpaired explicit self-awareness but preserved behavioral regulation in patients with Alzheimer Disease
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Salmon, Eric ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

in Aging and Mental Health (2021), 25(1), 142-148

Objectives: Impairments of metacognitive skills represent a critical symptom in Alzheimer Disease (AD) because it frequently results in a lack of self-awareness. However, recent findings suggest that ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Impairments of metacognitive skills represent a critical symptom in Alzheimer Disease (AD) because it frequently results in a lack of self-awareness. However, recent findings suggest that, despite an inability to explicitly estimate their own cognitive functioning, patients might demonstrate some implicit recognition of difficulties. In this study, we tested whether a behavioral dissociation between explicit and implicit measures of metacognition can be found in both healthy older controls (n = 20) and AD patients (n = 20). Methods: Our two groups of participants (AD vs. Controls) were asked to complete a forced-choice perceptual identification test and to explicitly rate their confidence in each decision (i.e., explicit measure of metacognition). Moreover, they also had the opportunity to ask for a cue to help them decide if their response was correct (i.e., implicit measure of metacognition). Results: Data revealed that all participants asked for a cue more often after an incorrect response than after a correct response in the forced-choice identification test, indicating a good ability to implicitly introspect on the results of their cognitive operations. On the contrary, only healthy participants displayed metacognitive sensitivity when making explicit confidence judgments. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that implicit metacognition may be less affected than explicit metacognition in Alzheimer’s disease. [less ▲]

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See detail"Parle-moi du passé pour améliorer ma mémoire" : Effets des réminiscences parentales sur la mémoire épisodique d'enfants d'âge préscolaire
Léonard, Christina ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

Conference (2021)

De nombreuses études ont démontré que la manière de discuter du passé avec son enfant – autrement dit, le style de réminiscence parentale – influence le développement de sa mémoire autobiographique (pour ... [more ▼]

De nombreuses études ont démontré que la manière de discuter du passé avec son enfant – autrement dit, le style de réminiscence parentale – influence le développement de sa mémoire autobiographique (pour une méta-analyse, voir Wu & Jobson, 2019). Et si ces discussions influençaient également ses capacités en mémoire épisodique ? À ce jour, une seule étude le suggère (Langley et al., 2017). L’objectif de notre étude longitudinale est d’explorer quels éléments du style de réminiscence – tant du point de vue de la structure des interactions que du contenu abordé – contribuent à la performance mnésique d’enfants âgés de 3 à 5 ans (n = 53). Pour déterminer le style de réminiscence parentale, nous avons analysé une discussion à propos d’un événement standardisé préalablement vécu par chaque dyade parent-enfant (visite d’un aquarium). Pour évaluer les capacités mnésiques des enfants, des tâches de rappel d’histoire (lecture d’histoires suivies d’une reconnaissance en vrai/faux) leur ont été administrées en immédiat et environ 9 mois plus tard. Des analyses en clusters sur les scores de réminiscence parentale ont révélé l’existence de 2 clusters –peu élaboratif versus très élaboratif– qui diffèrent principalement sur les variables de contenu épisodique. Contrairement aux parents peu élaboratifs, les parents très élaboratifs se sont engagés dans des réminiscences plus riches (en s’attardant sur des éléments relatifs à l’événement – p. ex., des informations contextuelles – mais aussi des informations associées – p. ex., des connaissances générales) et ont davantage adopté un discours métamnésique. De manière intéressante, une ANCOVA à mesures répétées a montré un effet principal du cluster sur les performances mnésiques des enfants (p = .04). Plus précisément, les enfants de parents très élaboratifs ont fait preuve de meilleures capacités de discrimination entre les hits et les leurres et ce, indépendamment du moment d’évaluation. Ces résultats confirment ainsi l’influence des réminiscences parentales sur les capacités en mémoire épisodique des enfants d’âge préscolaire. La contribution majeure de notre étude est d’avoir mis en lumière le rôle de la richesse épisodique dans cette influence, la littérature existante se focalisant davantage sur le style communicationnel. [less ▲]

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See detailPreschoolers' ability to learn new information: the role of parental reminiscing
Léonard, Christina ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

Poster (2021)

After several years of research, it is now well-established that parental reminiscing style (i.e., the way parents discuss the past with their child) positively influences the accuracy of children’s ... [more ▼]

After several years of research, it is now well-established that parental reminiscing style (i.e., the way parents discuss the past with their child) positively influences the accuracy of children’s autobiographical memory (Wu & Jobson, 2019). Some results have additionally suggested that parental reminiscing could also promote children’s ability to learn new information (Langley et al., 2017). The present longitudinal study examines among 53 parent-child dyads what specific elements of parental reminiscing could predict preschoolers’ ability to learn new information. To capture parental reminiscing style, we analyzed parent-child reminiscing about a prior standardized event (a museum visit). To assess children’s memory performance, story recall tasks were administered at baseline and, on average 9 months later, at follow-up. Cluster analyses conducted on our scores of parental reminiscing revealed the existence of 2 clusters of parents (labelled as “high-elaborative” or “less-elaborative”) that differed mainly on the content addressed during reminiscing. Specifically, high-elaborative parents engaged in richer reminiscing (i.e., by expanding on information about the event per se as well as on related information) and adopted a more metacognitive speech as compared to less-elaborative parents. Our results indicated that children of high-elaborative parents had better memory performance at the time of the reminiscing evaluation and at follow-up, confirming that differences in parental reminiscing could influence preschoolers’ ability to learn new information. [less ▲]

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See detailToo Much Familiarity! The Developmental Path of the Fluency Heuristic in Children
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege; Loyd, Marianne

in Child Development (2021), 92(3), 919-936

We tested whether changes in attribution processes could account for the developmental differences observed in how children’s use fluency to guide their memory decisions. Children ranging in age from 4 to ... [more ▼]

We tested whether changes in attribution processes could account for the developmental differences observed in how children’s use fluency to guide their memory decisions. Children ranging in age from 4 to 9 years studied a list of familiar or unfamiliar cartoon characters. In Experiment 1 (n=84), participants completed a recognition test during which the perceptual fluency of some items was enhanced using a prime. In Experiment 2 (n=96), participants completed a source recollection judgment on their recognition decisions. Primed items were recognized at a higher rate than unprimed items. However, while young children rely on fluency for all items, older children use fluency only for unfamiliar items. This pattern came together with a reduction in familiarity-based —but not recollection-based— memory responses. [less ▲]

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See detailCollecter des données sur l’évolution du patient pour augmenter son efficacité thérapeutique en orthophonie
Martinez Perez, Trecy ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

in ANAE: Approche Neuropsychologique des Apprentissages chez l'Enfant (2021), 173

L’expertise clinique constitue l’un des piliers au cœur d’une pratique basée sur les preuves. Mais comment exploiter davantage son expertise clinique tout en évitant les erreurs d’interprétation ? Comment ... [more ▼]

L’expertise clinique constitue l’un des piliers au cœur d’une pratique basée sur les preuves. Mais comment exploiter davantage son expertise clinique tout en évitant les erreurs d’interprétation ? Comment les cliniciens peuvent-ils augmenter l’efficacité de leurs interventions en suivant en temps réel les progrès des patients ? L’objectif de cet article est d’ « outiller » les orthophonistes dans la récolte d’informations fiables et régulières sur l’évolution de leurs patients afin de prendre des décisions éclairées sur les prises en charge proposées. [less ▲]

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See detail"Raconte-moi un peu, qu'as-tu fait à l'école ?" : Proposition d'une intervention de type guidance parentale ciblant le style de réminiscence
Léonard, Christina ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

Poster (2021)

L’objectif de notre projet est de promouvoir le rôle des parents dans le développement mnésique (épisodique) de leur enfant. Ce développement est capital tant pour la construction de l’identité de ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de notre projet est de promouvoir le rôle des parents dans le développement mnésique (épisodique) de leur enfant. Ce développement est capital tant pour la construction de l’identité de l’enfant que pour ses capacités d’apprentissage. En neuropsychologie, les auteurs pointent le manque de recherches testant l’efficacité des méthodes de rééducation de la mémoire épisodique chez les enfants de moins de 7 ans (pour une revue systématique, voir (Schaffer & Geva, 2015)). Pour pallier ce manquement, nous proposons d’explorer une piste d’intervention : la psychoéducation des parents à propos de la manière dont ils discutent d’évènements passés avec leur enfant d’âge préscolaire. En effet, la réminiscence parentale est une activité universelle et précoce mais inégale : les parents se différencient sur le continuum de l’élaboration et les réminiscences plus élaboratives (fréquentes, détaillées et collaboratives) favorisent le développement cognitif de l’enfant dont le développement mnésique (Waters et al., 2019). Des études ont montré la possibilité d’améliorer de manière durable le style de réminiscence parentale via de brèves séances psychoéducatives, avec des répercussions positives sur les capacités mnésiques d’enfants neurotypiques (pour une revue, voir (Léonard et al., 2020)). Dans cette communication affichée, nous décrivons la méthodologie de notre guidance parentale ainsi que des résultats préliminaires auprès de 10 participants (parents et enfants d'âge préscolaires tout-venants). [less ▲]

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See detailBoosting familiarity-based memory decisions in Alzheimer’s Disease: The importance of metacognition
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Salmon, Eric ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (2021), 27

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See detailMeasuring impulsivity in Children: Adaptation and Validation of a Short Version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behaviors Scale in Children and Investigation of Its Links with ADHD
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Catale, Corinne ULiege; Gay, Philippe et al

in Journal of Attention Disorders (2021), 25(1), 105-114

Objective: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. Method ... [more ▼]

Objective: Impulsivity is a multifaceted construct known to play a crucial role in the development and maintenance of a wide range of problematic behaviors and psychological disorders in children. Method: In this study, we adapted the short French adult version of the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale for use with children (short UPPS-P-C) and tested its psychometric properties. Results: Confirmatory factor analyses conducted on a sample of 425 children (aged from 8 to 14 years) supported the five-factor structure of the scale. Additional analyses emphasized the good internal and test-retest reliability of the short UPPS-P-C. Furthermore, our results also revealed that lack of premeditation and urgency subscales were able to discriminate between children diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and their matched controls. Conclusion: These results suggest that the short UPPS-P-C may be considered as a promising time-saving tool to assess impulsivity traits in healthy children and in children with psychiatric disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailNeonatal Cancer Epidemiology and Outcome: A Retrospective Study.
Geurten, Claire ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Rigo, Vincent ULiege et al

in Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology (2020), 42(5), 286-292

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed at describing neonatal cancer incidence, distribution by type, location, outcome, and long-term toxicity, by comparison with tumors occurring later in infancy. METHODS: The ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed at describing neonatal cancer incidence, distribution by type, location, outcome, and long-term toxicity, by comparison with tumors occurring later in infancy. METHODS: The authors led a single-center retrospective analysis of 118 cases of tumors diagnosed in the first year of life and compared tumors' types incidence, presentation, location, and outcome according to age group at diagnosis (below or over 28 d of life). RESULTS: The most frequent neonatal tumor types in our series were germ cell tumors, mainly teratoma, followed by neuroblastoma and renal tumors, whereas in children below 1 year of age, brain tumors, neuroblastoma, and leukemia were the most common types. Genetic predisposition syndromes were present in 14% of these infants and antenatal sonography enabled 68% of diagnosis for tumors presenting at birth. Other patients presented with mass syndrome, hydrops, or skin lesions. Six percent of neonates with cancer died from their malignancies, and up to 18% experienced a chronic health condition as a consequence of therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor pattern differs in neonates and infants, with a higher percentage of benign tumors in children below 28 days of life. Yet, long-term therapy-related toxicity is significant in younger patients. Enhancing knowledge of neonatal tumors, their epidemiology, clinical presentation, genetic background, and prognosis should help promote better management and introduce follow-up programs to improve surviving rates and the quality of life of survivors. [less ▲]

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See detailLes discussions parent-enfant à propos du passé : un moyen de stimuler la performance en mémoire épisodique des enfants d'âge préscolaire
Léonard, Christina ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

Poster (2020, May)

Le développement de la mémoire épisodique est bien entendu lié à la maturation cérébrale1 mais différents facteurs environnementaux semblent également jouer un rôle important – c’est le cas peut-être des ... [more ▼]

Le développement de la mémoire épisodique est bien entendu lié à la maturation cérébrale1 mais différents facteurs environnementaux semblent également jouer un rôle important – c’est le cas peut-être des discussions parent-enfant à propos du passé. Il a en effet été suggéré qu’un style de réminiscence parentale élaboratif (c.à.d., discussions fréquentes, détaillées et collaboratives à propos du passé) favorise les capacités du jeune enfant en mémoire épisodique2. Notre objectif est d’explorer, via une étude longitudinale, quels éléments du style de réminiscence des parents influencent la performance en mémoire épisodique d’enfants âgés de 3 à 5 ans (n = 57). Le style de réminiscence parentale est analysé via une discussion parent-enfant à propos d’un événement préalablement vécu (visite standardisée de l’aquarium de Liège) et les capacités de mémoire épisodique de l’enfant sont évaluées via une tâche de rappel d’histoire en immédiat (T1) et après 9 mois (T2). Ensuite, nous avons mené des analyses de régression pas-à-pas descendantes sur les capacités en mémoire épisodique des enfants. Ces analyses ont montré de meilleures performances en mémoire épisodique au T1 pour les enfants dont les parents approfondissent la discussion des éléments du passé. En outre, nos résultats indiquent que lorsque les parents situent les éléments discutés dans leur contexte temporo-spatial et utilisent un discours méta-mnésique, les enfants obtiennent après 9 mois de meilleurs scores en mémoire épisodique. Dès lors, nos résultats confirment que discuter du passé de manière plus détaillée et contextualisée ainsi qu’en commentant les performances et/ou opérations mnésiques en cours favorise la performance du jeune enfant en mémoire épisodique. De futures recherches devraient donc approfondir cette question de l’influence des réminiscences parentales sur le développement de la mémoire épisodique. Nos résultats indiquent que la question d’un développement sous-jacent des compétences métacognitives chez l’enfant par le biais des réminiscences parentales devrait être investiguée. Les techniques de prise en charge visant la mémoire épisodique du jeune enfant étant actuellement rares, ces futures études pourraient se révéler une étape essentielle à l'implémentation d'interventions de guidance parentale ciblant le style de réminiscence. 1. Casey, B. J., Tottenham, N., Liston, C. & Durston, S. (2005). Imaging the developing brain: what have we learned about cognitive development? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9, 104-110. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2005.01.011 2. Langley, H. A., Coffman, J. L., & Ornstein, P. A. (2017). The socialization of children’s memory: Linking maternal conversational style to the development of children’s autobiographical and deliberate memory skills. Journal of Cognition and Development, 18, 63-86. doi: 10.1080/15248372.2015.1135800 [less ▲]

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See detailStrategies to resolve recall failures for proper names: New data
Brédart, Serge ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege

in Memory and Cognition (2020), 48(8), 1417-1428

Personal names are particularly susceptible to retrieval failures. Studies describing people’s spontaneous strategies for resolving such failures have indicated that people frequently search for semantic ... [more ▼]

Personal names are particularly susceptible to retrieval failures. Studies describing people’s spontaneous strategies for resolving such failures have indicated that people frequently search for semantic or contextual information about the target person. However, previous experimental studies have shown that, while providing phonological information may help resolve a name recall failure, by contrast, providing semantic information is usually not helpful. In the first study, in order to reduce a bias present in previous studies of spontaneous strategies, explicit instructions were given to participants, specifying that the focus of the study was on a voluntary search for information. Participants reported strategically searching for semantic/contextual strategies when they tried to resolve a name retrieval failure more often than they reported searching for phonological/orthographic information. In addition, phonological/orthographic strategies were perceived as more difficult than semantic/contextual strategies. In a second experiment, we investigated whether retrieving phonological information by oneself is objectively difficult in a face naming task: in the event of retrieval failure, participants were instructed to search for phonological information in some trials and for semantic information in other trials. Participants recalled semantic information in 94% of the trials when instructed to search for semantic information. By contrast, when instructed to search for phonological information, participants remained unable to recall any correct piece of phonological information in about 55% of the trials. This result shows that the retrieval of phonological information is objectively difficult. This difficulty could explain why people do not privilege searching for phonology to resolve name retrieval failures. [less ▲]

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See detailHunting down the source: how amnesic patients avoid fluency-based memory errors
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege; Salmon, Eric ULiege et al

in Neuropsychology (2020), 34(1), 15-23

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether differences in the ability of amnesic and healthy participants to detect alternative sources of fluency can account for differences observed in ... [more ▼]

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether differences in the ability of amnesic and healthy participants to detect alternative sources of fluency can account for differences observed in the use of fluency as a cue for memory. Method: Patients with severe memory deficits and matched controls were presented with three forced-choice recognition tests. In each test, an external source of fluency was provided by manipulating the perceptual quality of the studied items during the test phase. The detectability of the perceptual manipulation varied in each test (i.e., a 10%, 20%, or 30% contrast reduction were given). Results: The results indicated that all participants were able to rely on fluency when making recognition decisions as long as the perceptual manipulation remained unnoticed. Interestingly, our data also revealed that the level of contrast reduction at which the alternative source is detected differs between healthy controls and amnesic patients. Specifically, patients with amnesia appeared to disqualify fluency as a cue for memory even when the contrast reduction was moderate while healthy participants only disqualified fluency when the contrast reduction was clearly visible. Conclusion: Overall, our results seem to suggest that the ability to use fluency is probably not impaired in amnesia but undergo metacognitive changes resulting in the implementation of explicit or implicit strategies aiming at tracking alternative sources in order to reduce memory errors. [less ▲]

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See detailFluency-Based Memory Decisions in Alzheimer’s Disease: A Matter of Source Detection?
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege; Salmon, Eric ULiege et al

in Neuropsychology (2020), 34(2), 176-185

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether differences in the ability of patients with Alzheimer Disease (AD) and healthy participants to detect alternative sources of fluency can ... [more ▼]

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether differences in the ability of patients with Alzheimer Disease (AD) and healthy participants to detect alternative sources of fluency can account for differences observed in the use of fluency - i.e., the ease with which information is processed - as a cue for memory. Method: Twenty-two patients with AD and 22 matched controls were presented with three forced-choice visual recognition tests. In each test, an external source of fluency was provided by manipulating the perceptual quality of the items during the test phase. The detectability of the perceptual manipulation varied in each test (i.e., 10%, 20%, or 30% contrast reduction were given). Results: Data indicated that AD patients rely on fluency in a similar extent than older adults as long as they demonstrate intact detection of differences in the perceptual quality of the items. Specifically, it appears that patients’ ability to visually discriminate stimuli differing in terms of their perceptual quality is critical for patients to be able to implement strategies to appropriately use or correctly disqualify fluency during a recognition task. Conclusion: Overall, these findings suggest that the disruption of some basic cognitive processes could prevent AD patients to experience fluency in a similar extent than healthy controls. However, when the ability to detect differences in the perceptual quality of the stimuli was taken into account, patients appeared to be as able as controls to rely on fluency to guide their memory decisions. [less ▲]

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See detailL'influence du style de réminiscence parentale sur le développement des mémoires autobiographique et épisodique
Léonard, Christina ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

in Revue de Neuropsychologie, Neurosciences Cognitives et Cliniques (2020)

Remembering personally experienced events is critical for every human being. However, to date, effective interventions are lacking in the field, especially when memory is hindered during the early stages ... [more ▼]

Remembering personally experienced events is critical for every human being. However, to date, effective interventions are lacking in the field, especially when memory is hindered during the early stages of a child’s development. In this review article, we thus propose to explore a promising avenue of intervention that is still underexploited within the memory domain: the psychoeducation of parents about how they discuss past events with their child. There is some evidence suggesting that some types of parental reminiscing (i.e., involving frequent, detailed, and collaborative discussions with the child about the past) could encourage the early development of both autobiographical and episodic memory in children. Unfortunately, data reveal that not all parents spontaneously use this kind of elaborate reminiscing style. Several studies, however, suggest that parental reminiscing style can be lastingly improved through short psychoeducation sessions, with this then having a positive influence on the child’s memory performance. For these reasons, the present article reviews the literature on parental reminiscing (i.e., its characteristics and influences) with a particular focus on its effects on memory development in early childhood. In addition, this review also presents some rehabilitation methods that could be used to improve parental reminiscing style and reports on how these improvements have been shown to impact children’s memory functioning. [less ▲]

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See detailTalking about the past: a way to stimulate episodic memory development in preschoolers
Léonard, Christina ULiege; Geurten, Marie ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

in Brain and Cognition (2019, December), 137

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See detailAn Integrative Memory model to understand recollection and familiarity
Bastin, Christine ULiege; Delhaye, Emma ULiege; Besson, Gabriel ULiege et al

Conference (2019, October 03)

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