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See detailWhen farmers learn through dialog with their practices: A proposal for a theory of action for agricultural trajectories
Brédart, David ULiege; Stassart, Pierre M ULiege

in Journal of Rural Studies (2017), 53(C), 1-13

Using pragmatic sociology, we studied feed autonomy in mixed livestock-crop farming in the western region of Belgium (Hainaut Province). In this paper we first describe feed autonomy as an innovation ... [more ▼]

Using pragmatic sociology, we studied feed autonomy in mixed livestock-crop farming in the western region of Belgium (Hainaut Province). In this paper we first describe feed autonomy as an innovation structured around the withdrawal of soybeans and corn from cattle rations. In so doing, we approach feed autonomy as an opportunity for farmers to change their relationships with the soil, plants, animals, and other human beings and reconnect harmful situations to their courses of action. We then show (1) how this withdrawal is accompanied by adaptation in breeding practices (through reconfigurations of cognitive processes and practices) and (2) how events that interrupt the farmer's normal course of action require the farmers to develop their attentiveness to, i.e., their abilities to heed various elements to allow for variability and guide their actions. We therefore propose a theory of action in which learning is the result of surprises, of what destabilizes the farmer and raises doubt in her/his mind about her/his practices. To do that, we take inspiration from John Dewey's work and his notion of experience. Our results question the conceptualization of the trajectory that represents the process of change as a series of sequences with the event as a trigger. Indeed, we understand change to be a constant process of adjusting goals and means that is punctuated by events that become events only when attention is given to them. So, the event itself is no longer the trigger, and understanding adaptation in a trajectory's direction hinges more on the attention that is paid to the event. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards sustainable food systems: the concept of agroecology and how it questions current research practices. A review
Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Artru, Sidonie ULiege; Brédart, David ULiege et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement (2016), 20(Special issue 1), 215-224

Introduction. Multiple environmental and socio-economic indicators show that our current agriculture and the organization of the food system need to be revised. Agroecology has been proposed as a ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Multiple environmental and socio-economic indicators show that our current agriculture and the organization of the food system need to be revised. Agroecology has been proposed as a promising concept for achieving greater sustainability. This paper offers an overview and discussion of the concept based on existing literature and case studies, and explores the way it questions our current research approaches and education paradigms. Literature. In order to improve the sustainability of agriculture, the use of external and chemical inputs needs to be minimized. Agroecological farming practices seek to optimize ecological processes, thus minimizing the need for external inputs by providing an array of ecosystem services. Implementing such practices challenges the current structure of the food system, which has been criticized for its lack of social relevance and economic viability. An agroecological approach includes all stakeholders, from field to fork, in the discussion, design and development of future food systems. This inclusion of various disciplines and stakeholders raises issues about scientists and their research practices, as well as about the education of the next generation of scientists. Conclusions. Agroecology is based on the concept that agricultural practices and food systems cannot be dissociated because they belong to the same natural and socio-economic context. Clearly, agroecology is not a silver-bullet, but its principles can serve as avenues for rethinking the current approaches towards achieving greater sustainability. Adapting research approaches in line with indicators that promote inter- and transdisciplinary research is essential if progress is to be made. [less ▲]

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See detailMeeting farmers who sowed wildflower strips - The survey methodology
Méhu, Marie; Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Brédart, David ULiege et al

Scientific conference (2015, July 31)

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See detailAgroecology: Unity into diversity
Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Artru, Sidonie ULiege; Boeraeve, Fanny ULiege et al

Poster (2015, May 21)

What does agroecology suggest ? Next to the theoretical agroecological principles, we present illustrative examples from farming practices, through the food system, up to the way of carrying agricultural ... [more ▼]

What does agroecology suggest ? Next to the theoretical agroecological principles, we present illustrative examples from farming practices, through the food system, up to the way of carrying agricultural research and education. [less ▲]

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See detailIncorporate agroecology within research : The on-going story of four young researchers
Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Artru, Sidonie ULiege; Boeraeve, Fanny ULiege et al

in Broadening Scopes on Food, Squeezing Urban Hinterlands (2014, November 04)

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See detailAgricultures de demain? Produire avec la nature...
Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Brédart, David ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2014)

Baisse de la biodiversité, pollution de l’eau, crises alimentaires, diminution du nombre d’agriculteurs… ces sujets régulièrement présents dans l’actualité remettent en question le modèle industriel de la ... [more ▼]

Baisse de la biodiversité, pollution de l’eau, crises alimentaires, diminution du nombre d’agriculteurs… ces sujets régulièrement présents dans l’actualité remettent en question le modèle industriel de la production agricole. Nous présenterons des alternatives actuellement développées par des agriculteurs et des chercheurs. Nous proposons, par exemple, de découvrir des dispositifs qui réduisent l’utilisation de pesticides ou de fertilisants. [less ▲]

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See detailThree aspects, One concept: Agroecology. Agroecological practices and human interactions for a new approach for science. An example at the Univeristy of Liege.
Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Artru, Sidonie ULiege; Boeraeve, Fanny ULiege et al

Poster (2014, February 07)

Critics are raising about conventional farming and its consequences on biodiversity, human health and society. As alternatives, novel models for agriculture are proposed, and among them Agroecology. Quite ... [more ▼]

Critics are raising about conventional farming and its consequences on biodiversity, human health and society. As alternatives, novel models for agriculture are proposed, and among them Agroecology. Quite often, Agroecology is seen as the application of ecological knowledge to the agricultural production. Indeed, this helps to develop more ecological farming practices favoring biodiversity to provide ecosystem services at multiple scales. Agroecology goes further in considering that the agricultural production is integrated in a food system guided by human interactions. This latter one takes into account socio-economic and political dimensions to develop new production systems. Doing so, it assures food security worldwide while preserving resources for future generations. Facing these ambitious objectives, academics are invited to elaborate a new approach for science in developing participatory and action-oriented approaches as well as multidisciplinarity. AgricultureIsLife is a research platform built up at the University of Liège (ULg). In 2013, 40 researchers (including 18 young researchers) from 16 research units of ULg were working in a multidisciplinary approach. About twenty research topics have been divided in four research axes of which objectives are to develop a more sustainable agriculture. The platform has the ambition to discuss its results to a large comity gathering the actors of the agricultural development. The aim of our work is firstly to present Agrocology as a concept made of three interrelated aspects. To illustrate it, the organization and objectives of the research platform AgricultureIsLife will be discussed in a second part. [less ▲]

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See detailToward redesigning the relationship between farming systems and biodiversity conservation
Brédart, David ULiege; Denayer, Dorothée ULiege; Mormont, Marc ULiege

in Proceedings of the 11th European IFSA Symposium. Farming systems facing global challenges: capacities and strategies. (2014)

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See detailThéorie et Gestion de la Transition: La Gouvernance Réflexive
Brédart, David ULiege

Learning material (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (9 ULiège)