Publications of Véronique Servais
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See detailLe projet Jonathan: aménager un environnement autour d'un enfant porteur d'autisme
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Anthropologie et Santé (2020), 20

The text is a reflexive work on clinical care that was carried out by a team, to which the author belonged, with a child with autism, Jonathan. For three consecutive summers, Jonathan was taken to meet ... [more ▼]

The text is a reflexive work on clinical care that was carried out by a team, to which the author belonged, with a child with autism, Jonathan. For three consecutive summers, Jonathan was taken to meet captive dolphins on a daily basis. This old work is presented anew in the light of Fernand Deligny's writings, discovered long after the project was completed, which allowed me to see it in a new light and to formalize what seemed to me until then to be unspeakable. The key element of the work with Jonathan is identified as the development, around and with the child, of a material, relational and symbolic environment whose particularities are to accept uncertainty and multiple narratives, to refrain from imposing a priori knowledge and thus to allow Jonathan to take a place within our team. Based on the notes taken during the project and on the echo given by my reading of Deligny's writings, this narrative identifies the salient features of this work, leading me to qualify the way of acting with Jonathan, "to act together in the 'unwilling'", a way of acting that tries to avoid, as much as possible, conscious purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa question du tiers et de l'altérité dans la médiation animale. Un enjeu fondamental
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2019)

The presentation proposes a definition of animal mediation in which the question of otherness is fundamental. It also revisits the question of situational identity and proposes a key to understand the ... [more ▼]

The presentation proposes a definition of animal mediation in which the question of otherness is fundamental. It also revisits the question of situational identity and proposes a key to understand the capacity of animals to to humanise places and human beings [less ▲]

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See detailLa psychologie animale : une psychologie sans sujet ?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Cahiers d'Anthropologie Sociale (2019)

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity ... [more ▼]

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity. The author then turns to the work of Buytendijk and other authors inspired by his phenomenological approach and concludes that animal subjects are always situated subjects that are engaged in a dynamic relationship with their milieu. The paper discusses the consequences of this conclusion in relation to the nature/culture debate and it questions the “true nature” of primates in this perspective. Finally, the author imagines how ethology and primatology would be changed if the animals were to be considered as subjects and briefly reviews how anthropology could contribute to it. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropomorphism in human-animal interactions: a pragmatist view
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Frontiers in Psychology (2018)

This paper explores anthropomorphism in human–animal interactions from the theoretical perspectives of pragmatism and anthropology of human–animal communication. Its aim is to challenge the conception of ... [more ▼]

This paper explores anthropomorphism in human–animal interactions from the theoretical perspectives of pragmatism and anthropology of human–animal communication. Its aim is to challenge the conception of anthropomorphism as the attribution/inference of human properties to a non-human animal – particularly as a special case of the theory of mind. The author’s goal is to articulate a plausible an alternative conception of anthropomorphism as a situated direct perception of human properties by someone who is engaged in a given situation and sensitive to what the animal is doing to them. Rooted in pragmatist theory as well as in contemporary anthropological studies, this paper offers an original perspective for in depth ethnographic and empirical studies of anthropomorphism-in-situation. Such studies could bring new insights in the study of how ordinary people make sense of animal behaviors in real-life situations. [less ▲]

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See detailLe Projet Jonathan: agir ensemble dans le non vouloir
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2018, November 29)

The presentation will focus on a clinical work done by a team, including the author, taking a child with autism, Jonathan, meet captive dolphins daily in Cadaqués, Spain, for three consecutive summers ... [more ▼]

The presentation will focus on a clinical work done by a team, including the author, taking a child with autism, Jonathan, meet captive dolphins daily in Cadaqués, Spain, for three consecutive summers. One of the questions that will be addressed is how to create a space where the misunderstanding is tolerated, where one can exist alongside (and with) Jonathan, outside the language, and stay in the act without imposing the sense without locking up the other in our language? How to make common cause when one does not understand himself? For those around Jonathan, the daily challenge was to give up any hasty interpretation of his "aberrant" and "foolish" acts, to fight against a brutal and pathologizing meaning-setting, to let him take his place and guide us. which also supposed to accept to be transformed by him. Jonathan's mom, a stakeholder in this project, encouraged us to question our evidence. Through her permanent reinterpretations of Jonathan's behaviors, she has led us to transform the perceptual salience of the environment. All this was probably necessary for, as Deligny said, to give Jonathan "the impression that there can be something in what is happening". [less ▲]

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See detailAnimal gaze and the feeling of being human
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2018, June 08)

When the first psychiatrists introduced pets in a psychiatric ward, in the seventies (Corson, O’Leary Corson et Gwynne, 1975), they mentioned that the dogs’ presence seemed to “humanize” the hospital ... [more ▼]

When the first psychiatrists introduced pets in a psychiatric ward, in the seventies (Corson, O’Leary Corson et Gwynne, 1975), they mentioned that the dogs’ presence seemed to “humanize” the hospital. Since then, animals (mainly pets) have been introduced in prisons, geriatric institutions, hospitals, etc., with the same effect. When there is a risk of de-humanization, pets seem to help counteract this tendency, keeping people and their micro-society on this side of the frontier of humanity. In this communication I would like to take this observation beyond its apparent triviality and examine how the gaze of a companion animal can make people (feel) more human. I will argue that because they have a gaze, animals have a presence, an anima. Their gaze is a call to be present, but the kind of presence that is called for is different from the presence that is demanded by a human gaze. One of the reasons is that animals cannot have an objective engagement with the world. They are always subjectively engaged in their umwelt (Uexküll). They cannot be detached and they are not able to perceive human bodies as things. This has many consequences, that will be examined with the help of the concepts of Leib and Körper, as they appear in phenomenological psychopathology (i.e. Bowden, 2012). Moreover, it can be argued, following the lines developed by D. Winnicott in his theory of intermediary spaces, that the gaze of a peaceful companion animals can help a fragile self to exist and develop a creative relationship with the world, thus becoming more human. [less ▲]

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See detailPréface
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Mariani, Léo; Plancke, Carine (Eds.) (D)Ecrire les affects. Perspectives et enjeux anthropologiques (2018)

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See detailComment faire une science [humaine] des animaux?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2017, October 09)

L'exposé revient sur l'ouvrage "La science (humaine) des chiens et le présente sous l'angle des grands défis de l'anthropologie de la nature et des animaux.

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See detailPercepire la sofferenza degli animali. Fondamenti per un’empatia interspecifica
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Animal Studies: Rivista Italiana di Antispecismo (2017), 17

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See detailLa médiation animale : un concept fourre-tout ?
Servais, Véronique ULiege; de Villers, Bénédicte

Scientific conference (2017, April 27)

La communication interroge la notion de médiation au regard des pratiques de médiation animale. Elle propose de substituer une métaphore spatiale de la médiation à la conception linéaire qui est d'usage ... [more ▼]

La communication interroge la notion de médiation au regard des pratiques de médiation animale. Elle propose de substituer une métaphore spatiale de la médiation à la conception linéaire qui est d'usage habituel et montre l'intérêt de cette approche. [less ▲]

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See detailEntre enfants et animaux, une communication intime et subtile
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Marcelli, Daniel (Ed.) L'enfant, l'animal, une relation pleine de ressources (2017)

Ce petit texte décrit à grands traits quelques caractéristiques de la communication entre enfants et animaux

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See detailLa perspective en première personne dans l'anorexie mentale et la perspective évolutionniste d'Albert Demaret
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, December 15)

This paper tries to integrate the first person perspective of anorexia nervosa with the evolutionary hypothesis of Albert Demaret.

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See detailRituels et exercices de théâtre : un chemin vers l’expérience du sacré ?
Brahy, Rachel ULiege; Servais, Véronique ULiege; Varasso, Pietro et al

Conference given outside the academic context (2016)

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See detailSiamo tutti animisti ? L'interazione con gli altri animali attraverso la cura del loro spirito
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2016, October 29)

L’hypothèse générale qui sous-tend cette conférence est que le mental animal est une perception émergente liée aux conditions de l’interaction entre une personne humaine et un animal. Si on compare la ... [more ▼]

L’hypothèse générale qui sous-tend cette conférence est que le mental animal est une perception émergente liée aux conditions de l’interaction entre une personne humaine et un animal. Si on compare la manière dont un chercheur ou un propriétaire d’animal de compagnie perçoivent les caractéristiques mentales de leur animal, il est évident que le type de « mind » qui est perçu est le produit d’une interaction, d’une manière de se relier au monde de la vie, ainsi que d’un certain nombre de conceptions sur « ce qu’est » un animal. C’est ainsi que des modalités relationnelles différentes vont amener un sujet à expérimenter/découvrir des minds animaux très différents. C’est à cela que je vous propose de nous intéresser ici [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à un port-folio sur les relations homme-animal
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Article for general public (2016)

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See detailAffective work in living and working with captive dolphins
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Conference (2016, July)

Drawing from fieldwork in a marine park, the presentation will describe the relationship that dolphins and their trainers develop. It appears that learning how to be affected by and how to affect the ... [more ▼]

Drawing from fieldwork in a marine park, the presentation will describe the relationship that dolphins and their trainers develop. It appears that learning how to be affected by and how to affect the partner is a key component of an interspecific collaboration that isn’t sheer domination [less ▲]

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See detailScientist and non-scientists share a diversity of dimensions in their relations to urban nature
Prévot, Anne-Caroline; Servais, Véronique ULiege; Piron, Armony

in Urban Ecosystems (2016)

In the current biodiversity crisis, conservation scientists are urgently asked to involve themselves in education and communication initiatives toward non-scientists, who are considered as lacking ... [more ▼]

In the current biodiversity crisis, conservation scientists are urgently asked to involve themselves in education and communication initiatives toward non-scientists, who are considered as lacking knowledge to correctly value biodiversity. This is particularly argued in urban areas. In this paper, we showed however with an anthropological survey that urban citizens do express a variety of relations toward surrounding urban nature. Then, in an independent survey, we showed that these ways of being connected with nature were shared by students in conservation sciences. Conservation scientists and non-scientific city dwellers have therefore much more in common than is taken for granted in their relations and perceptions of urban nature, notably concerning emotional, sensorial and memorial relationships. Acknowledging these common features in the scientific community could improve the communication between science and the general public about urban nature, help bridge the gap between science and the society and eventually participate to build a new social contract on nature. [less ▲]

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See detailLa médiation animale et la création d'un espace intermédiaire inédit entre un patient et un thérapeute
Servais, Véronique ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, January 09)

L’argument principal qui sera développé est celui-ci : introduire des animaux dans un cadre clinique permet de créer des dispositifs de bienveillance au sein desquels du nouveau peut advenir dans une ... [more ▼]

L’argument principal qui sera développé est celui-ci : introduire des animaux dans un cadre clinique permet de créer des dispositifs de bienveillance au sein desquels du nouveau peut advenir dans une relative sécurité, et notamment une reconfiguration de l’identité. La notion d’espace potentiel (ou espace intermédiaire) de Donald Winnicott, augmentée de la réflexion qu’a menée le sociologue Emmanuel Belin sur la bienveillance dispositive, peut nous aider à penser la manière dont ceci survient, ainsi que les conditions de possibilité de ces changements [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduire des animaux dans le cabinet du clinicien
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in Englebert, Jérôme; Follet, Valérie (Eds.) Adaptation. Essai collectif à partir des paradigmes éthologiques et évolutionnistes (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 299 (40 ULiège)