Publications of Justine HUART
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See detailGut Microbiota and Fecal Levels of Short-Chain Fatty Acids Differ Upon 24-Hour Blood Pressure Levels in Men
Huart, Justine ULiege; Leenders, Justine ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege et al

in Hypertension (2019)

Gut microbiota may influence blood pressure (BP), namely via end products of carbohydrate fermentation. After informed consent, male volunteers were prospectively categorized into 3 groups upon European ... [more ▼]

Gut microbiota may influence blood pressure (BP), namely via end products of carbohydrate fermentation. After informed consent, male volunteers were prospectively categorized into 3 groups upon European Society of Hypertension criteria based on 24-hour ambulatory BP measurements: (1) hypertension, (2) borderline hypertension, and (3) normotension. Stool, urine and serum samples were collected in fasting conditions. Gut microbiota was characterized by 16S amplicon sequencing. Metabolomics, including quantification of short-chain fatty acids, was conducted using nuclear magnetic resonance. Two-way ANOVA combined with Tukey post hoc test, as well as multiple permutation test and Benjamini-Hochberg-Yekutieli false discovery rate procedure, was used. The cohort included 54 males: 38 hypertensive (including 21 under treatment), 7 borderline, and 9 normotensive. No significant difference was observed between groups concerning age, body mass index, smoking habits, and weekly alcohol consumption. The genus Clostridium sensu stricto 1 positively correlated with BP levels in nontreated patients (n=33). This correlation was significant after multiple permutation tests but was not substantiated following false discovery rate adjustment. Short-chain fatty acid levels were significantly different among groups, with higher stool levels of acetate, butyrate, and propionate in hypertensive versus normotensive individuals. No difference was observed in serum and urine metabolomes. Correlation between stool metabolome and 24-hour BP levels was evidenced, with R2 reaching 0.9. Our pilot study based on 24-hour ambulatory BP measurements, 16S amplicon sequencing, and metabolomics supports an association between gut microbiota and BP homeostasis, with changes in stool abundance of short-chain fatty acids. [less ▲]

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See detailGUT MICROBIOTA AND FAECAL LEVELS OF SHORT CHAIN FATTY ACIDS DIFFER UPON BLOOD PRESSURE LEVELS IN MAN
HUART, Justine ULiege; Leenders, Justine ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege et al

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (2018, May 18), 33(Issue suppl_1), 368369

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See detailIntérêt du dépistage et du traitement de l'acidose métabolique chez l'insuffisant rénal chronique
Georges, benoit; Huart, Justine ULiege; KRZESINSKI, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2018), 14(1455-1458),

L’acidose métabolique est une anomalie biologique fréquente et précoce de l’insuffisance rénale chronique (IRC). Les complications liées à cet état sont multiples et touchent notamment l’os, le muscle et ... [more ▼]

L’acidose métabolique est une anomalie biologique fréquente et précoce de l’insuffisance rénale chronique (IRC). Les complications liées à cet état sont multiples et touchent notamment l’os, le muscle et le métabolisme protidique, sans parler du risque accru d’hyperkaliémie. Une causalité entre acidose métabolique et accélération du déclin rénal a été démontrée. La mesure du taux de bicarbonate sérique doit, dès lors, faire partie du suivi biologique systématique du patient en IRC dont le taux de filtration glomérulaire s’abaisse en dessous de 50 ml/min/1,73 m². Le dépistage et le traitement de l’acidose métabolique sont en effet simples et peu coûteux. La correction de l’acidose métabolique, notamment par le bicarbonate de sodium, permet de ralentir la progression de l’insuffisance rénale. [less ▲]

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See detailSepsis prediction in critically ill patients by platelet activation markers on ICU admission: a prospective pilot study
LAYIOS, Nathalie ULiege; Delierneux, Céline ULiege; Hego, Alexandre ULiege et al

in Intensive Care Medicine Experimental (2017), 5(1), 32

Background: Platelets have been involved in both surveillance and host defense against severe infection. To date, whether platelet phenotype or other hemostasis components could be associated with ... [more ▼]

Background: Platelets have been involved in both surveillance and host defense against severe infection. To date, whether platelet phenotype or other hemostasis components could be associated with predisposition to sepsis in critical illness remains unknown. The aim of this work was to identify platelet markers that could predict sepsis occurrence in critically ill injured patients. Results: This single-center, prospective, observational, 7-month study was based on a cohort of 99 non-infected adult patients admitted to ICUs for elective cardiac surgery, trauma, acute brain injury and post-operative prolonged ventilation and followed up during ICU stay. Clinical characteristics and severity score (SOFA) were recorded on admission. Platelet activation markers, including fibrinogen binding to platelets, platelet membrane P-selectin expression, plasma soluble CD40L, and platelet-leukocytes aggregates were assayed by flow cytometry at admission and 48h later, and also at the time of sepsis diagnosis (Sepsis-3 criteria) and 7 days later for sepsis patients. Hospitalization data and outcomes were also recorded. Of the 99 patients, 19 developed sepsis after a median time of 5 days. SOFA at admission was higher; their levels of fibrinogen binding to platelets (platelet-Fg) and of D-dimers were significantly increased compared to the other patients. Levels 48h after ICU admission were no longer significant. Platelet-Fg % was an independent predictor of sepsis (P = 0.030). By ROC curve analysis cutoff points for SOFA (AUC=0.85) and Platelet-Fg (AUC=0.75) were 8 and 50%, respectively. The prior risk of sepsis (19%) increased to 50% when SOFA was above 8, to 46% when Platelet-Fg was above 50%, and to 87% when both SOFA and Platelet-Fg were above their cutoff values. By contrast, when the two parameters were below their cutoffs, the risk of sepsis was negligible (3.8%). Patients with sepsis had longer ICU and hospital stays and higher death rate. Conclusion: In addition to SOFA, platelet-bound fibrinogen levels assayed by flow cytometry within 24h of ICU admission help identifying critically ill patients at risk of developing sepsis. [less ▲]

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See detailIgG4-related membranous glomerulonephritis and generalized lymphadenopathy without pancreatitis: a case report
HUART, Justine ULiege; GROSCH, Stéphanie ULiege; BOVY, Christophe ULiege et al

in BMC Nephrology (2017), 18

Abstract Background: IgG4-related disease is a recently described pathologic entity. This is the case of a patient with nephrotic syndrome and lymphadenopathy due to IgG4-related disease. Such a kidney ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background: IgG4-related disease is a recently described pathologic entity. This is the case of a patient with nephrotic syndrome and lymphadenopathy due to IgG4-related disease. Such a kidney involvement is quite peculiar and has only been described a few times recently. Renal biopsy showed a glomerular involvement with membranous glomerulonephritis in association with a tubulo-interstitial nephropathy. Moreover, the patient was not suffering from pancreatitis. Case presentation: The patient is a middle-aged man of Moroccan origin. He has developed recurrent episodes of diffuse lymphadenopathies, renal failure and nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsies showed membranous glomerulonephritis. Discussion and conclusion: The diagnostic approach of this atypical presentation is discussed in this case report as well as diagnostic criteria, therapeutic strategies, biomarkers and pathophysiology of IgG4-related disease. IgG4-related membranous glomerulonephritis is a well-established cause of membranous glomerulonephritis. It must be sought after in every patient with a previous diagnosis of IgG4-related disease and in every patient with this histological finding on renal biopsy. Corticoids are still the first-line treatment of IgG4-related disease. New therapeutic strategies are needed to avoid glucocorticoids long term side-effects. Interestingly, the patient was prescribed cyclophosphamide in addition to glucocorticoids for an immune thrombocytopenia. This treatment had a very good impact on his IgG4-related disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois : prise en charge d'une hypophosphatémie
HUART, Justine ULiege; DUBOIS, Bernard ULiege; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(4), 163-168

Hypophosphatemia is defined by a serum phosphate level lower than 0.8 mmol/l. If hypophosphatemia is chronically maintained, it is associated with muscular, osteous, neurological or cardio-respiratory ... [more ▼]

Hypophosphatemia is defined by a serum phosphate level lower than 0.8 mmol/l. If hypophosphatemia is chronically maintained, it is associated with muscular, osteous, neurological or cardio-respiratory disorders. We describe a patient with isolated hypophosphatemia, detail the mechanisms of phosphate homeostasis, and envisage the differential diagnosis of hypophosphatemia. Furthermore, we propose a sequential decisional algorithm based on basic biological tests and few complementary investigations. Treatment options are reviewed. [less ▲]

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See detailProspective immune profiling in critically ill adults : before, during and after severe sepsis shock.
LAYIOS, Nathalie ULiege; GOSSET, Christian ULiege; Delierneux, C. et al

in Critical Care (2015), 19(1),

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULiège)