Publications of Justine HUART
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See detailHuman Stool Metabolome Differs upon 24 h Blood Pressure Levels and Blood Pressure Dipping Status: A Prospective Longitudinal Study
Cirillo, Arianna ULiege; Huart, Justine ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege et al

Poster (2021, May 26)

: Dysbiosis of gut microbiota (GM) has been involved in the pathophysiology of arterial hypertension (HT), via a putative role of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Its role in the circadian regulation of ... [more ▼]

: Dysbiosis of gut microbiota (GM) has been involved in the pathophysiology of arterial hypertension (HT), via a putative role of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Its role in the circadian regulation of blood pressure (BP), also called “the dipping profile”, has been poorly investigated. Sixteen male volunteers and 10 female partners were subjected to 24 h ambulatory BP monitoring and were categorized in normotensive (NT) versus HT, as well as in dippers versus non-dippers. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics was performed on stool samples. A 5-year comparative follow-up of BP profiles and stool metabolomes was done in men. Significant correlations between stool metabolome and 24 h mean BP levels were found in both male and female cohorts and in the entire cohort (R2 = 0.72, R2 = 0.79, and R2 = 0.45, respectively). Multivariate analysis discriminated dippers versus non-dippers in both male and female cohorts and in the entire cohort (Q2 = 0.87, Q2 = 0.98, and Q2 = 0.68, respectively). Fecal amounts of acetate, propionate, and butyrate were higher in HT versus NT patients (p = 0.027; p = 0.015 and p = 0.015, respectively), as well as in non-dippers versus dippers (p = 0.027, p = 0.038, and p = 0.036, respectively) in the entire cohort. SCFA levels were significantly different in patients changing of dipping status over the 5-year follow-up. In conclusion, stool metabolome changes upon global and circadian BP profiles in both genders [less ▲]

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See detailHuman Stool Metabolome Differs upon 24 h Blood Pressure Levels and Blood Pressure Dipping Status: A Prospective Longitudinal Study
HUART, Justine ULiege; Cirillo, Arianna ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege et al

in Metabolites (2021), 11(5), 282

Dysbiosis of gut microbiota (GM) has been involved in the pathophysiology of arterial hypertension (HT), via a putative role of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Its role in the circadian regulation of ... [more ▼]

Dysbiosis of gut microbiota (GM) has been involved in the pathophysiology of arterial hypertension (HT), via a putative role of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Its role in the circadian regulation of blood pressure (BP), also called "the dipping profile", has been poorly investigated. Sixteen male volunteers and 10 female partners were subjected to 24 h ambulatory BP monitoring and were categorized in normotensive (NT) versus HT, as well as in dippers versus non-dippers. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics was performed on stool samples. A 5-year comparative follow-up of BP profiles and stool metabolomes was done in men. Significant correlations between stool metabolome and 24 h mean BP levels were found in both male and female cohorts and in the entire cohort (R2 = 0.72, R2 = 0.79, and R2 = 0.45, respectively). Multivariate analysis discriminated dippers versus non-dippers in both male and female cohorts and in the entire cohort (Q2 = 0.87, Q2 = 0.98, and Q2 = 0.68, respectively). Fecal amounts of acetate, propionate, and butyrate were higher in HT versus NT patients (p = 0.027; p = 0.015 and p = 0.015, respectively), as well as in non-dippers versus dippers (p = 0.027, p = 0.038, and p = 0.036, respectively) in the entire cohort. SCFA levels were significantly different in patients changing of dipping status over the 5-year follow-up. In conclusion, stool metabolome changes upon global and circadian BP profiles in both genders. [less ▲]

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See detailThe faecal abundance of short chain fatty acids is increased in men with a non-dipping blood pressure profile
HUART, Justine ULiege; Cirillo, Arianna ULiege; SAINT-REMY, Annie ULiege et al

in Acta Cardiologica (2021)

Background and aims: Gut microbiota (GM) has been involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension (HT), notably via short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Among the clinical manifestations of HT, the absence of ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Gut microbiota (GM) has been involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension (HT), notably via short chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Among the clinical manifestations of HT, the absence of a significant drop in night-time blood pressure (BP) (also known as the non-dipping BP profile) has been associated with poor renal and cardiovascular outcomes. The putative link between GM-derived metabolites and BP dipping status is still unknown. Methods: Male volunteers (n ¼ 44) were prospectively subjected to 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, stool sample collection and a medical questionnaire. Metabolomics analy ses of stool samples were conducted using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR). Results: Higher amounts of acetate, butyrate and propionate were found in the stools of non dippers (n ¼ 12) versus dippers (n ¼ 26) (p ¼ 0.0252, p ¼ 0.0468, and p ¼ 0.0496, respectively; n ¼ 38 in toto). NMR spectral data were not interpretable in 5 dippers and 1 non-dipper. A simi lar significant association was found when including only patients without anti-HT medications (p ¼ 0.0414, p ¼ 0.0108, and p ¼ 0.0602, respectively; n ¼ 21 in toto). A not significant trend was observed when focussing only on HT patients without anti-HT medications (p ¼ 0.0556; n ¼ 14 in toto). Conclusion: Our pilot study highlights a putative link between GM-derived SCFAs and the BP dipping status, independently of the BP status itself or the anti-hypertensive medications. [less ▲]

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See detailCOVID-19-associated nephropathy includes tubular necrosis and capillarycongestion, with evidence of SARS-CoV-2 in the nephron
BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULiege; ERPICUM, Pauline ULiege; GROSCH, Stéphanie ULiege et al

in Kidney International (2021)

Background: Kidney damage has been reported in patients with COVID-19. Despite numerous reports about COVID-19-associated nephropathy, the factual presence of the SARS-CoV-2 in the renal parenchyma ... [more ▼]

Background: Kidney damage has been reported in patients with COVID-19. Despite numerous reports about COVID-19-associated nephropathy, the factual presence of the SARS-CoV-2 in the renal parenchyma remains controversial. Methods: We consecutively performed 16 immediate (≤3h) post-mortem renal biopsies in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Kidney samples from 5 patients who died from sepsis not related to COVID-19 were used as controls. Samples were methodically evaluated by 3 pathologists. Virus detection in the renal parenchyma was performed in all samples by bulk RNA RT-PCR (E and N1/N2 genes), immunostaining (nCoV2019 N-Protein), fluorescent in situ hybridization (nCoV2019-S) and electron microscopy. Results: The mean age of our COVID-19 cohort was 68.2±12.8 years, most of whom were males (68.7%). Proteinuria was observed in 53.3% of cases, while acute kidney injury occurred in 60% of cases. Acute tubular necrosis of variable severity was found in all cases, with no tubular or interstitial inflammation. There was no difference in acute tubular necrosis severity between the patients with COVID-19 versus controls. Congestion in glomerular and peri tubular capillaries was respectively observed in 56.3 and 87.5% of patients with COVID-19 compared to 20% of controls, with no evidence of thrombi. The nCoV2019 N-Protein was detected in proximal tubules and also at the basolateral pole of scattered cells of the distal tubules in 9/16 cases. In situ hybridization confirmed these findings in 6/16 cases. RT-PCR of kidney total RNA detected SARS-CoV-2 E and N1/N2 genes in one case. Electron microscopy did not show typical viral inclusions. Conclusions: Our immediate post-mortem kidney samples from patients with COVID-19 highlight a congestive pattern of acute kidney injury, with no significant glomerular or interstitial inflammation. Immunostaining and in situ hybridization suggest that SARS-CoV-2 is present in various segments of the nephron. [less ▲]

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See detailProteinuria in COVID‑19: prevalence, characterization and prognostic role
HUART, Justine ULiege; BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULiege; Lutteri, Laurence ULiege et al

in Journal of Nephrology (2021), 34(3), 355-364

Abstract Background Proteinuria has been commonly reported in patients with COVID-19. However, only dipstick tests have been frequently used thus far. Here, the quantifcation and characterization of ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background Proteinuria has been commonly reported in patients with COVID-19. However, only dipstick tests have been frequently used thus far. Here, the quantifcation and characterization of proteinuria were investigated and their association with mortality was assessed. Methods This retrospective, observational, single center study included 153 patients, hospitalized with COVID-19 between March 28th and April 30th, 2020, in whom total proteinuria and urinary α1-microglobulin (a marker of tubular injury) were measured. Association with mortality was evaluated, with a follow-up until May 7th, 2020. Results According to the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes staging, 14% (n=21) of the patients had category 1 proteinuria (<150 mg/g of urine creatinine), 42% (n=64) had category 2 (between 150 and 500 mg/g) and 44% (n=68) had category 3 proteinuria (over 500 mg/g). Urine α1-microglobulin concentration was higher than 15 mg/g in 89% of patients. After a median follow-up of 27 [14;30] days, the mortality rate reached 18%. Total proteinuria and urinary α1-microglobulin were associated with mortality in unadjusted and adjusted models. This association was stronger in subgroups of patients with normal renal function and without a urinary catheter. Conclusions Proteinuria is frequent in patients with COVID-19. Its characterization suggests a tubular origin, with increased urinary α1-microglobulin. Tubular proteinuria was associated with mortality in COVID-19 in our restropective, observational study. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term effects of COVID-19 on kidney function
DELANAYE, Pierre ULiege; HUART, Justine ULiege; BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULiege et al

in Lancet (2021), 397(10287), 1807

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See detailArgument en faveur d'un rôle du microbiote intestinal dans la physiopathologie de l'hypertension artérielle
HUART, Justine ULiege; KRZESINSKI, Jean-Marie ULiege; JOURET, François ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2020), 75(9), 588-592

The gut microbiota refers to the community of microorganisms living in the mammalian digestive tract. Over the past decades, numerous preclinical and clinical studies have suggested that gut microbiota is ... [more ▼]

The gut microbiota refers to the community of microorganisms living in the mammalian digestive tract. Over the past decades, numerous preclinical and clinical studies have suggested that gut microbiota is involved in the physiological homeostasis of the host, particularly in the immune and metabolic systems. Furthermore, the dysfunction of gut microbiota, also called “dysbiosis”, has been associated with various diseases, such as the metabolic syndrome or chronic kidney disease. In this review, we summarize the knowledge about the possible role of gut microbiota in the development of arterial hypertension. We detail the pathophysiological mechanisms, namely involving short-chain fatty acids produced by the bacterial fermentation of food carbohydrates. These metabolites are reabsorbed by the intestinal mucosa and interact with a multitude of G-protein coupled receptors at the surface of cells involved in blood pressure regulation, including renal tubular cells. These observations open up innovative diagnostic and therapeutic approaches in arterial hypertension, which is a major public health problem. [less ▲]

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See detailAtteintes rénales de la COVID-19
ERPICUM, Pauline ULiege; GROSCH, Stéphanie ULiege; BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège. Supplément (2020), 75(supplément 1), 109-114

The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes a respiratory distress syndrome, the main symptom of COVID-19 (for “COronaVIrus Disease 2019”). This infectious disease has been causing a major health and socio-economic ... [more ▼]

The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes a respiratory distress syndrome, the main symptom of COVID-19 (for “COronaVIrus Disease 2019”). This infectious disease has been causing a major health and socio-economic pandemic since December 2019. The pulmonary alveolus is regarded as the main target of SARS-CoV-2. However, this coronavirus is capable of directly or indirectly affecting other organs, including the kidneys. Here, we summarize the presumed pathophysiology of COVID-19 renal disease. The incidence of acute kidney injury ranges from 0,5 to 22 % of all patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. The need for renal replacement therapy is reported in 5-9 % of patients in intensive care. Histological analysis of renal biopsies mainly shows acute tubular necrosis of varying severity, as well as the congestion of glomerular and peri-tubular capillaries. Endothelitis has been described in few cases. Evidence for a factual inflammation of the glomerulus remains controversial. The medium/long term consequences of COVID-19 nephropathy are unknown and will deserve a tight follow-up. [less ▲]

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See detailGut Microbiota and Fecal Levels of Short-Chain Fatty Acids Differ Upon 24-Hour Blood Pressure Levels in Men
Huart, Justine ULiege; Leenders, Justine ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege et al

in Hypertension (2019)

Gut microbiota may influence blood pressure (BP), namely via end products of carbohydrate fermentation. After informed consent, male volunteers were prospectively categorized into 3 groups upon European ... [more ▼]

Gut microbiota may influence blood pressure (BP), namely via end products of carbohydrate fermentation. After informed consent, male volunteers were prospectively categorized into 3 groups upon European Society of Hypertension criteria based on 24-hour ambulatory BP measurements: (1) hypertension, (2) borderline hypertension, and (3) normotension. Stool, urine and serum samples were collected in fasting conditions. Gut microbiota was characterized by 16S amplicon sequencing. Metabolomics, including quantification of short-chain fatty acids, was conducted using nuclear magnetic resonance. Two-way ANOVA combined with Tukey post hoc test, as well as multiple permutation test and Benjamini-Hochberg-Yekutieli false discovery rate procedure, was used. The cohort included 54 males: 38 hypertensive (including 21 under treatment), 7 borderline, and 9 normotensive. No significant difference was observed between groups concerning age, body mass index, smoking habits, and weekly alcohol consumption. The genus Clostridium sensu stricto 1 positively correlated with BP levels in nontreated patients (n=33). This correlation was significant after multiple permutation tests but was not substantiated following false discovery rate adjustment. Short-chain fatty acid levels were significantly different among groups, with higher stool levels of acetate, butyrate, and propionate in hypertensive versus normotensive individuals. No difference was observed in serum and urine metabolomes. Correlation between stool metabolome and 24-hour BP levels was evidenced, with R2 reaching 0.9. Our pilot study based on 24-hour ambulatory BP measurements, 16S amplicon sequencing, and metabolomics supports an association between gut microbiota and BP homeostasis, with changes in stool abundance of short-chain fatty acids. [less ▲]

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See detailGUT MICROBIOTA AND FAECAL LEVELS OF SHORT CHAIN FATTY ACIDS DIFFER UPON BLOOD PRESSURE LEVELS IN MAN
HUART, Justine ULiege; Leenders, Justine ULiege; Taminiau, Bernard ULiege et al

in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation (2018, May 18), 33(Issue suppl_1), 368369

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See detailIntérêt du dépistage et du traitement de l'acidose métabolique chez l'insuffisant rénal chronique
Georges, benoit; Huart, Justine ULiege; KRZESINSKI, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale Suisse (2018), 14(1455-1458),

L’acidose métabolique est une anomalie biologique fréquente et précoce de l’insuffisance rénale chronique (IRC). Les complications liées à cet état sont multiples et touchent notamment l’os, le muscle et ... [more ▼]

L’acidose métabolique est une anomalie biologique fréquente et précoce de l’insuffisance rénale chronique (IRC). Les complications liées à cet état sont multiples et touchent notamment l’os, le muscle et le métabolisme protidique, sans parler du risque accru d’hyperkaliémie. Une causalité entre acidose métabolique et accélération du déclin rénal a été démontrée. La mesure du taux de bicarbonate sérique doit, dès lors, faire partie du suivi biologique systématique du patient en IRC dont le taux de filtration glomérulaire s’abaisse en dessous de 50 ml/min/1,73 m². Le dépistage et le traitement de l’acidose métabolique sont en effet simples et peu coûteux. La correction de l’acidose métabolique, notamment par le bicarbonate de sodium, permet de ralentir la progression de l’insuffisance rénale. [less ▲]

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See detailSepsis prediction in critically ill patients by platelet activation markers on ICU admission: a prospective pilot study
LAYIOS, Nathalie ULiege; Delierneux, Céline ULiege; Hego, Alexandre ULiege et al

in Intensive Care Medicine Experimental (2017), 5(1), 32

Background: Platelets have been involved in both surveillance and host defense against severe infection. To date, whether platelet phenotype or other hemostasis components could be associated with ... [more ▼]

Background: Platelets have been involved in both surveillance and host defense against severe infection. To date, whether platelet phenotype or other hemostasis components could be associated with predisposition to sepsis in critical illness remains unknown. The aim of this work was to identify platelet markers that could predict sepsis occurrence in critically ill injured patients. Results: This single-center, prospective, observational, 7-month study was based on a cohort of 99 non-infected adult patients admitted to ICUs for elective cardiac surgery, trauma, acute brain injury and post-operative prolonged ventilation and followed up during ICU stay. Clinical characteristics and severity score (SOFA) were recorded on admission. Platelet activation markers, including fibrinogen binding to platelets, platelet membrane P-selectin expression, plasma soluble CD40L, and platelet-leukocytes aggregates were assayed by flow cytometry at admission and 48h later, and also at the time of sepsis diagnosis (Sepsis-3 criteria) and 7 days later for sepsis patients. Hospitalization data and outcomes were also recorded. Of the 99 patients, 19 developed sepsis after a median time of 5 days. SOFA at admission was higher; their levels of fibrinogen binding to platelets (platelet-Fg) and of D-dimers were significantly increased compared to the other patients. Levels 48h after ICU admission were no longer significant. Platelet-Fg % was an independent predictor of sepsis (P = 0.030). By ROC curve analysis cutoff points for SOFA (AUC=0.85) and Platelet-Fg (AUC=0.75) were 8 and 50%, respectively. The prior risk of sepsis (19%) increased to 50% when SOFA was above 8, to 46% when Platelet-Fg was above 50%, and to 87% when both SOFA and Platelet-Fg were above their cutoff values. By contrast, when the two parameters were below their cutoffs, the risk of sepsis was negligible (3.8%). Patients with sepsis had longer ICU and hospital stays and higher death rate. Conclusion: In addition to SOFA, platelet-bound fibrinogen levels assayed by flow cytometry within 24h of ICU admission help identifying critically ill patients at risk of developing sepsis. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of original ligands for SUCNR1
Geubelle, Pierre ULiege; Gilissen, Julie; Laschet, Céline ULiege et al

Poster (2017, September 13)

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See detailIgG4-related membranous glomerulonephritis and generalized lymphadenopathy without pancreatitis: a case report
HUART, Justine ULiege; GROSCH, Stéphanie ULiege; BOVY, Christophe ULiege et al

in BMC Nephrology (2017), 18

Abstract Background: IgG4-related disease is a recently described pathologic entity. This is the case of a patient with nephrotic syndrome and lymphadenopathy due to IgG4-related disease. Such a kidney ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background: IgG4-related disease is a recently described pathologic entity. This is the case of a patient with nephrotic syndrome and lymphadenopathy due to IgG4-related disease. Such a kidney involvement is quite peculiar and has only been described a few times recently. Renal biopsy showed a glomerular involvement with membranous glomerulonephritis in association with a tubulo-interstitial nephropathy. Moreover, the patient was not suffering from pancreatitis. Case presentation: The patient is a middle-aged man of Moroccan origin. He has developed recurrent episodes of diffuse lymphadenopathies, renal failure and nephrotic syndrome. Renal biopsies showed membranous glomerulonephritis. Discussion and conclusion: The diagnostic approach of this atypical presentation is discussed in this case report as well as diagnostic criteria, therapeutic strategies, biomarkers and pathophysiology of IgG4-related disease. IgG4-related membranous glomerulonephritis is a well-established cause of membranous glomerulonephritis. It must be sought after in every patient with a previous diagnosis of IgG4-related disease and in every patient with this histological finding on renal biopsy. Corticoids are still the first-line treatment of IgG4-related disease. New therapeutic strategies are needed to avoid glucocorticoids long term side-effects. Interestingly, the patient was prescribed cyclophosphamide in addition to glucocorticoids for an immune thrombocytopenia. This treatment had a very good impact on his IgG4-related disease. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois : prise en charge d'une hypophosphatémie
HUART, Justine ULiege; DUBOIS, Bernard ULiege; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(4), 163-168

Hypophosphatemia is defined by a serum phosphate level lower than 0.8 mmol/l. If hypophosphatemia is chronically maintained, it is associated with muscular, osteous, neurological or cardio-respiratory ... [more ▼]

Hypophosphatemia is defined by a serum phosphate level lower than 0.8 mmol/l. If hypophosphatemia is chronically maintained, it is associated with muscular, osteous, neurological or cardio-respiratory disorders. We describe a patient with isolated hypophosphatemia, detail the mechanisms of phosphate homeostasis, and envisage the differential diagnosis of hypophosphatemia. Furthermore, we propose a sequential decisional algorithm based on basic biological tests and few complementary investigations. Treatment options are reviewed. [less ▲]

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