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See detailL'hepatite alcoolique aigue.
WARLING, Odile ULiege; Oger, AF; LAMPROYE, Anne ULiege et al

in Revue medicale de Liege (2019), 74(5-6), 326-331

Alcoholic hepatitis is a syndrome defined primarily by the clinical onset of jaundice in patients with a concomitant heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages. This pathology is managed by alcohol ... [more ▼]

Alcoholic hepatitis is a syndrome defined primarily by the clinical onset of jaundice in patients with a concomitant heavy consumption of alcoholic beverages. This pathology is managed by alcohol withdrawal with a 30-day survival rate of 90 %. For patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis, with a Maddrey score greater than 32 (taking into account bilirubin and prothrombin time), treatment with corticosteroids is discussed provided that a possible infection can be sufficiently excluded or adequately managed. The administration of corticosteroids is continued for 28 days if the Lille score, calculated after 7 days of treatment, is favourable (inferior to 0.45), leading to a survival rate of 80-90 %. However, if the Lille score is unfavourable (superior to 0.45), the prognosis is bad, with a survival of only 25-30 % at 6 months. Special attention needs to be paid to assure a sufficient caloric intake during the treatment period for a successful management. Liver transplantation, previously prohibited for this indication, can be discussed under certain circumstances. However, the success of treatment is contingent upon the alcohol withdrawal. Innovative drugs are currently under investigation to improve the prognosis of this condition. [less ▲]

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