Publications of Christine GENNIGENS
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See detailRandomised phase II BGOG/ENGOT-CX1 study of Paclitaxel-Carboplatin with or without Nintedanib in first-line recurrent or advanced cervical cancer
Vergote, IB; Van Nieuwenhuysen, E; Casado, A et al

Conference (2021, October 12)

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See detailOptimal treatment in locally advanced cervical cancer.
GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege; DE CUYPERE, Marjolein ULiege; HERMESSE, Johanne ULiege et al

in Expert review of anticancer therapy (2021)

INTRODUCTION: Locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009/2018 - stages IB2-IVA/IB3-IVA, respectively) is treated using a multimodal approach ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION: Locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2009/2018 - stages IB2-IVA/IB3-IVA, respectively) is treated using a multimodal approach that includes chemoradiotherapy followed by brachytherapy. AREAS COVERED: This review provides an overview of the progress made over the past decade in the treatment of LACC. Prognostic factors, FIGO classification and the role of imaging staging will be discussed. Efficacy of external-beam radiotherapy, brachytherapy and chemotherapy will be detailed. Indications for paraaortic staging lymphadenectomy and adjuvant hysterectomy, as well as follow-up and special population, will be covered. EXPERT OPINION: The initial workup is one of the most crucial steps in the optimal care of patients, which should be realized by a multi-disciplinary expert team. With the implementation of modern conformal radiotherapy techniques, the local control rate has been optimized. Nevertheless, 40% of patients experience recurrence with distant metastasis and a dismal prognosis. Currently, a clear benefit of neo- and adjuvant chemotherapy has not been established. The future likely involves (1) improved selection of patients for whom treatment intensification is justified, (2) a combination of new drugs with chemoradiation that are currently being tested in trials, and (3) the development of tailored treatment based on molecular characteristics. [less ▲]

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See detailCancer du col utérin localement avancé : approche multidisciplinaire.
LAPAILLE, Louis ULiege; DE CUYPERE, Marjolein ULiege; GOFFIN, Frédéric ULiege et al

in Revue medicale de Liege (2021), 76(5-6), 507-514

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women and is linked in over 95 % of cases to papillomavirus infection, the incidence of which has fallen in recent years due to screening and ... [more ▼]

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women and is linked in over 95 % of cases to papillomavirus infection, the incidence of which has fallen in recent years due to screening and vaccination. Almost half of these cancers are diagnosed at a locally advanced stage with an overall 5-year survival of around 65 %. In recent decades, the management strategy of these locally advanced cancers has changed considerably and has allowed the improvement of survival but above all of local control as well as the reduction of toxicity, due to the implementation of imaging. Standard treatment consists of external beam radiation therapy combined with concomitant chemotherapy followed by intrauterine brachytherapy. The role of neo-adjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy is still being evaluated. New therapeutic approaches (particularly immunotherapy) in addition to standard treatment are also being studied. [less ▲]

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See detailOncological patients' reactions to COVID-19 pandemic: A single institution prospective study.
ONESTI, Concetta Elisa ULiege; Schroeder, Hélène ULiege; Rorive, Andrée ULiege et al

in Cancer Reports (2021)

BACKGROUND: The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a rapid reorganization in all human and hospital activities, with impact on cancer patients. AIM: An analysis of cancer patients fears, and ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The spread of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to a rapid reorganization in all human and hospital activities, with impact on cancer patients. AIM: An analysis of cancer patients fears, and awareness of COVID-19 has been done in this study. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed cancer patients' reactions to the pandemic and their perception of oncological care reorganization, through a 12-item survey, proposed at the peak of pandemic and 3 months later. Overall, 237 patients were included in the study. During the peak of pandemic 34.6% of patients were more worried about COVID-19 than cancer versus 26.4% in the post-acute phase (p = .013). Although 49.8% of patients in the acute phase and 42.3% in the post-acute phase considered their risk of death if infected ≥50%, and more than 70% of patients thought to be at higher risk of complications, the majority of them did not consider the possibility to stop or delay their treatment. Patients were more interested in following news about COVID-19 than cancer and they complied with all preventive measures in more than 90% of the cases. CONCLUSIONS: Although cancer patients worried about COVID-19 and evaluated the risk of complication or death due to COVID-19 as extremely high, they were still asking for the best oncological treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailLeptomeningeal carcinomatosis from solid tumours : a systematic review of the literature
FRERES, Pierre ULiege; GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege; Martin, Didier ULiege et al

in Belgian Journal of Medical Oncology (2017), 11

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See detailLe carcinome de site primitif inconnu, une entité pas si rare ...
GONNE, Elodie ULiege; COLLIGNON, Joëlle ULiege; JERUSALEM, Guy ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2016), 71(10), 449-454

Les carcinomes de site primitif inconnu ou CaPI, forment un groupe d'entités pathologiques très hétérogènes de par leurs modes de révélation et leurs présentations cliniques. Le CaPI se définit par une ... [more ▼]

Les carcinomes de site primitif inconnu ou CaPI, forment un groupe d'entités pathologiques très hétérogènes de par leurs modes de révélation et leurs présentations cliniques. Le CaPI se définit par une tumeur épithéliale maligne, d'emblée métastatique, dont le site initial reste occulte au terme du bilan pré-thérapeutique exhaustif. Il représente 3 à 5% des tumeurs solides malignes de l'adulte. Son pronostic est sombre avec médiane de survie allant de 6 à 10 mois. La thérapeutique sera fonction de l'histologie tumorale, de la localisation métastatique et de la suspicion d'origine du primitif. En présence d'une néoplasie localisée, une prise en charge chirurgicale accompagnée ou non d'une radiothérapie sera proposée; en cas de dissémination métastatique multiple, une chimiothérapie systémique à base de sels de platine est recommandée. L'espoir réside dans l'analyse du profil moléculaire, afin de définir avec précision l'origine tumorale primitive et d'offrir la thérapeutique la mieux adaptée possible. [less ▲]

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See detailPrimary osteosarcoma of the breast : a case report
Crevecoeur, Julie; Jossa, Véronique; GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege et al

in Clinical Case Reports (2015)

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See detailPrise en charge de la neutropénie fébrile chez le patient cancéreux
FRERES, Pierre ULiege; GONNE, Elodie ULiege; COLLIGNON, Joëlle ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(4), 195-200

Les cancers sont de plus en plus fréquents et leurs traitements de plus en plus agressifs. En conséquence, médecins généralistes, urgentistes, hématologues et oncologues se trouvent régulièrement ... [more ▼]

Les cancers sont de plus en plus fréquents et leurs traitements de plus en plus agressifs. En conséquence, médecins généralistes, urgentistes, hématologues et oncologues se trouvent régulièrement confrontés à un effet secondaire sévère des traitements cytotoxiques, le neutropénie fébrile (NF). La NF est une complication gravissime de la chimiothérapie, car elle peut être rapidement mortelle et provoque un arrêt temporaire, voire définitif, des traitements. Dans cet article, nous résumons les dernières recommandations quant à la prise en charge thérapeutique des patients présentant une NF sous traitements anti-cancéreux. [less ▲]

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See detailActualites therapeutiques dans le traitement medical du cancer de la prostate resistant a la castration.
Sautois, Brieuc ULiege; GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(2), 94-6

Docetaxel chemotherapy is a standard treatment for fit men with symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Unfortunately docetaxel resistant disease will systematically develop and second-line ... [more ▼]

Docetaxel chemotherapy is a standard treatment for fit men with symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Unfortunately docetaxel resistant disease will systematically develop and second-line treatment may be appropriate. Until recently no standard treatment was approved in this setting and mitoxantrone was commonly used. Three new drugs have shown benefit in randomised phase 3 multicenter clinical trials published since 2010. Cabazitaxel, abiraterone and enzalutamide were shown to prolong overall survival of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with chemotherapy. Although still modest these results were deemed clinically significant and led to the reimbursement of Jevtana (cabazitaxel) and Zytiga (abiraterone) in Belgium in 2012. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Métastase musculaire en présence d'un cancer de l'ovaire.
Benoit, A.; Jerusalem, Guy ULiege; GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2013), 68(11), 557-61

We report the case of a patient with a sero-papillary ovarian cancer and a pectoral muscle metastasis. Muscular metastases are more common than previously suspected; any physician could encounter this ... [more ▼]

We report the case of a patient with a sero-papillary ovarian cancer and a pectoral muscle metastasis. Muscular metastases are more common than previously suspected; any physician could encounter this type of case in his daily practice. This paper summarizes the literature on the subject. [less ▲]

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See detailCarcinomatose péritonéale d'origine indéterminée
Marchal, Nathalie ULiege; GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege; JERUSALEM, Guy ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(11), 582-586

La carcinomatose péritonéale est définie comme l'envahissement néoplasique secondaire du péritoine. Cette entité peut amener de nombreuses difficultés, à la fois sur le plan de son diagnostic, de sa mise ... [more ▼]

La carcinomatose péritonéale est définie comme l'envahissement néoplasique secondaire du péritoine. Cette entité peut amener de nombreuses difficultés, à la fois sur le plan de son diagnostic, de sa mise au point et de la recherche de son origine ainsi que pour son traitement. Le cas clinique que nous relatons illustre les difficultés pouvant être rencontrées par l'équipe soignante face à une carcinomatose péritonéale et décrit l'importance d'une approche multidisciplinaire pour sa prise en charge. Lorsque son origine n'est pas déterminée avant l'instauration du traitement, la carcinomatose péritonéale entre dans le cadre des carcinomes de primitif inconnu (CAPI). Chez une femme, une telle présentation de CAPI en fait une entité particulière, facteur de meilleur pronostic, pour laquelle un traitement plus spécifique doit être instauré en première intention. [less ▲]

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See detailPazopanib for metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma (PALETTE) : a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 trial
van der Graaf, WT; Blay, JY; Chawla, SP et al

in Lancet (2012), 379(9829), 1879-1886

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See detailPazopanib (Votrient) dans le traitement du cancer du rein et des sarcomes des tissus mous.
GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege; JERUSALEM, Guy ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(7-8), 437-42

Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all malignant tumors. Until a few years ago, immunotherapy (Interferon and/or Interleukin-2) was the only approved systemic treatment in the metastatic setting ... [more ▼]

Renal cell carcinoma accounts for 3% of all malignant tumors. Until a few years ago, immunotherapy (Interferon and/or Interleukin-2) was the only approved systemic treatment in the metastatic setting. Better knowledge of renal cell cancer biology drew attention on the fundamental role of angiogenesis. Several strategies targeting angiogenesis have been developed including VEGF and VEGFR inhibitors. They are now the standard treatment in first and second line. Pazopanib, a VEGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is one of the treatment options recommended for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, in first line and after cytokines failure. Since more recently, pazopanib is also approved in the treatment of metastatic soft tissue sarcoma, after failure of at least one line of chemoterapy. In this paper, we will review the mechanism of action and the clinical results of pazopanib in renal cell carcinoma and sarcoma. [less ▲]

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See detaily a-t-il une place pour la radiothérapie en fin de vie ?
BARTHELEMY, Nicole ULiege; JANSEN, Nicolas ULiege; GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2012), 67(3), 128132

Près de 50 % des patients atteints d’un cancer bénéficient, à un moment de leur trajet de soins, d’une irradiation. Celle-ci peut être administrée avec une intention curative ou palliative, en fonction de ... [more ▼]

Près de 50 % des patients atteints d’un cancer bénéficient, à un moment de leur trajet de soins, d’une irradiation. Celle-ci peut être administrée avec une intention curative ou palliative, en fonction de l’extension de la maladie, de l’état général du patient et de sa volonté. Le but d’une irradiation palliative, sera de contrôler localement la tumeur ou la métastase et, donc, de ralentir l’évolution du cancer. La radiothérapie peut également être utile pour supprimer un symptôme et, ainsi, être un des traitements de confort en fin de vie. La dose totale, la dose par fraction ainsi que la technique d’irradiation sont adaptées à l’intention du traitement. Cet article passe en revue les principales indications d’irradiation en fin de vie. [less ▲]

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See detailTrabectedine (ET-743/Yondelis) dans le traitement des sarcomes des tissus mous et du cancer de l'ovaire.
GENNIGENS, Christine ULiege; Jerusalem, Guy ULiege

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2011), 66(7-8), 452-5

Soft tissue sarcomas account for 1% of all malignant tumours. Until a few years ago, doxorubicine and ifosfamide were the only active chemotherapy drugs in the metastatic setting. Recently, a new drug has ... [more ▼]

Soft tissue sarcomas account for 1% of all malignant tumours. Until a few years ago, doxorubicine and ifosfamide were the only active chemotherapy drugs in the metastatic setting. Recently, a new drug has proven its efficacy after failure of standard treatments: the trabectedin; its activity is based on interference with ADN repair mechanisms. Trabectedin has just been also validated and reimbursed in patients with ovarian cancer, in partially sensitive recurrence. In this paper, we will review the mechanism of action and the clinical results of trabectedin. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cancer du sein "triple négatif"
Freres, Pierre; Collignon, Joëlle ULiege; Gennigens, Christine ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2010), 65(3), 120-126

Le cancer du sein touche une femme sur huit dans les pays occidentaux. Son incidence a considérablement augmenté au cours de ces deux dernières décennies mais, en même temps, le niveau de mortalité ... [more ▼]

Le cancer du sein touche une femme sur huit dans les pays occidentaux. Son incidence a considérablement augmenté au cours de ces deux dernières décennies mais, en même temps, le niveau de mortalité spécifique est resté stable et a même diminué en Europe et aux Etats-Unis, notamment, grâce à l’apport de nouvelles armes thérapeutiques, aux changements dans l’utilisation du traitement hormonal substitutif à la ménopause et à un diagnostic plus précoce. Malgré cela, le cancer du sein reste la première cause de décès par cancer chez la femme de moins de 65 ans. Le cancer du sein «triple négatif», un sous-type représentant environ 10 % des cancers du sein, est caractérisé par l’absence de récepteurs hormonaux aux oestrogènes et à la progestérone et l’absence d’expression du facteur de croissance HER-2 en étude d’immunohistochimie. Ce type de cancer du sein est associé à un profil clinique défavorable avec un haut risque de rechute métastatique précoce. De plus, le cancer du sein «triple négatif» ne présente aucune cible thérapeutique propre et son pronostic est donc particulièrement mauvais. La définition de facteurs prédictifs de la réponse tumorale aux différents traitements et l’apport des thérapies ciblées sont deux pistes susceptibles d’améliorer la prise en charge et la survie des patients atteints par ce type de cancer extrêmement agressif. [less ▲]

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See detailANTICORPS MONOCLONAUX ET CANCER DU SEIN: Actualités thérapeutiques
Collignon, Joëlle ULiege; Gennigens, Christine ULiege; Rorive, Andrée ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(5-6), 279-83

About 9,500 new breast cancers are diagnosed in Belgium every year. Improvement of our knowledge of altered molecular events leading to the proliferation of tumor cells has resulted in the development of ... [more ▼]

About 9,500 new breast cancers are diagnosed in Belgium every year. Improvement of our knowledge of altered molecular events leading to the proliferation of tumor cells has resulted in the development of targeted therapies in subgroups of cancers. One of the first validation of targeted therapy is the anti-HER-2 monoclonal antibody trastuzumab (Herceptin) in patients with overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2) occurring in 20 to 25% of invasive breast carcinoma. Trastuzumab binds the extracellular juxtamembrane domain and is only active in tumor with HER2 gene amplification detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). The results from randomized trials have rapidly lead to the approvement of the drug in the metastatic and then in the adjuvant setting. Another targeted therapy, also approved in the treatment of breast cancer, is the monoclonal antibody bevacizumab with an anti-VEGF (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor) activity. We will review the benefit of these targeted therapies in breast cancer and their role in the treatment of breast cancer. [less ▲]

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See detailAnticorps monoclonaux a usage therapeutique en hemato-oncologie. Generalites.
Gennigens, Christine ULiege; Collignon, Joëlle ULiege; Jerusalem, Guy ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(5-6), 264-7

For many years, chemotherapy, hormonotherapy and immunotherapy were the mainstay of cancer treatment. Recent advances in our knowledge of cell biology and particularly of cancer cell transformation ... [more ▼]

For many years, chemotherapy, hormonotherapy and immunotherapy were the mainstay of cancer treatment. Recent advances in our knowledge of cell biology and particularly of cancer cell transformation, growth and metastasis have led to the identification of specific pathways playing a role in the pathophysiology of cancer. New drugs specifically developed to control these targets are collectively named "targeted therapies". Two types of targeted therapies are available: kinase (mainly tyrosine kinase) inhibitors (suffix -nib) are small molecules binding directly to the intracellular kinase domain and acting as competitive inhibitor of ATP binding and monoclonal antibodies (suffix -mab) directed towards specific cell surface receptors or their ligands to prevent receptor activation. This paper will only review monoclonal antibodies (mabs). Thirty years after their discovery mAbs have become efficient therapeutic tools. Progress in molecular engineering as well as improved knowledge of cell signalling pathways together with a better selection of the targets turned them into valuable treatments. Several mAbs are currently licensed for the treatment of hematological or solid malignancies and many others are expected in the near future. [less ▲]

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See detailAngiosarcome sur lymphoedeme chronique: un cas de syndrome de Stewart-Treves.
GONNE, Elodie ULiege; Collignon, Joëlle ULiege; Kurth, William ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(7-8), 409-13

The Stewart-Treves Syndrome is defined as an angiosarcoma (very aggressive malignant tumor originating from endothelial cells) appearing in a specific clinical setting. This tumor develops in patients ... [more ▼]

The Stewart-Treves Syndrome is defined as an angiosarcoma (very aggressive malignant tumor originating from endothelial cells) appearing in a specific clinical setting. This tumor develops in patients suffering from chronic lymphedema of the upper limb following mastectomy and axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. The diagnosis relies on medical history, clinical examination and a histological assesment (biopsy or resection). This syndrome represents a rare clinical entity. Unfortunately, the prognosis is poor. A large surgical resection is the treatment of choice if the patient is a candidate for a surgical resection with a curative intent Radiotherapy is sometimes used as a palliative local treatment. Chemotherapy is only used in more advanced cases, not curable by surgery alone. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cas clinique du mois. Reaction de rappel d'irradiation induite par l'administration de cyclophosphamide.
Mievis, Carole ULiege; Jansen, Nicolas ULiege; Schleich, FLorence ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2009), 64(4), 179-81

Radiation recall dermatitis is an inflammatory skin reaction occurring in a previously irradiated field following the delivery of a promoting agent. It has been described after a number of antineoplastic ... [more ▼]

Radiation recall dermatitis is an inflammatory skin reaction occurring in a previously irradiated field following the delivery of a promoting agent. It has been described after a number of antineoplastic agents such as gemcitabine, taxanes, anthracyclines. We report the case of a 50-year-old man with metastatic prostate cancer who developed two consecutive radiation recall dermatitis episodes triggered by oral cyclophosphamide. They occurred 4 to 5 weeks after palliative radiotherapy on bone metastasis. Spontaneous resolution was observed within 6 weeks after discontinuation of cyclophosphamide and with local supportive care. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of radiation recall dermatitis after oral cyclophosphamide. [less ▲]

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