Publications and communications of Philippe LEONARD

Egrek, S.* , Sacheli, R., Giot, J.-B., Truyens, C., Léonard, P., Van Esbroeck, M., Depypere, M., Miendje Deyi, V. Y., Montesinos Hernandez, M. I., Boelens, J., Van Acker, J., Oris, E., Litzroth, A., Detry, O., & Hayette, M.-P.*. (November 2022). Belgian laboratory surveillance of human alveolar and cystic echinococcosis in 2021. Paper presented at Belgian Society of Parasitology & Protistology, 10th November 2022, Leuven, Belgium.

Pathak, G. A., Karjalainen, J., Stevens, C., Neale, B. M., Daly, M., Ganna, A., Andrews, S. J., Kanai, M., Cordioli, M., Polimanti, R., Harerimana, N., Pirinen, M., Liao, R. G., Chwialkowska, K., Trankiem, A., Balaconis, M. K., Nguyen, H., Solomonson, M., Veerapen, K., ... Baillie, J. K. (03 August 2022). A first update on mapping the human genetic architecture of COVID-19. Nature, 608, 1-E10. doi:10.1038/s41586-022-04826-7

Muraille, E., De Kerchove d'Exaerde, A., Drion, P., Vanderplasschen, A., Lambermont, B., Rogister, B., Muylkens, B., Vassart, G., Balthazart, J., Pillot, J., Pastushenko, L., Moutschen, M., LEONARD, P., Naccache, P., Costagliola, S., & Guerin, S. (2021). "Opter pour l'obligation vaccinale est un choix de société". Le Vif. L'Express.

Nakanishi, T., Pigazzini, S., Degenhardt, F., Cordioli, M., Butler-Laporte, G., Maya-Miles, D., Nafría-Jiménez, B., Bouysran, Y., Niemi, M., Palom, A., Ellinghaus, D., Khan, A., Martínez-Bueno, M., Rolker, S., Amitano, S., Tato, L. R., Fava, F., Spinner, C. D., Prati, D., ... consortium, C.-H. (October 2021). Age-dependent impact of the major common genetic risk factor for COVID-19 on severity and mortality. Journal of Clinical Investigation, Online ahead of print.. doi:10.1172/JCI152386

Sacheli, R., Knapp Jenny, Miévis, O., Giot, J.-B., Léonard, P., Delaere Bénédicte, BLETARD, N., Detry, O., Millon Laurence, & Hayette, M.-P. (09 July 2021). Molecular typing of Belgian Echinococcus multilocularis specimens from alveolar echinococcosis human lesions using EmsB microsatellites analysis. Poster session presented at 31st European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID).

Basbous, C., Hayette, M.-P., LEONARD, P., Louis, E., LOLY, J.-P., & Detry, O. (July 2021). Cholangite obstructive chez un patient atteint d’une hydatidose. Revue Médicale de Liège, 76 (7-8), 575-578.

Cambier, A., Hayette, M.-P., LEONARD, P., KURTH, W., LOVINFOSSE, P., & GIOT, J.-B. (2021). Isolated pelvic bone involvement as a presentation of alveolar echinococcosis. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 21 (8), 1192. doi:10.1016/S1473-3099(21)00254-1

Darcis, G., Bouquegneau, A., Maes, N., Thys, M., Henket, M., Labye, F., Rousseau, A.-F., Canivet, P., Desir, C., Calmes, D., Schils, R., De Worm, S., Léonard, P., Meunier, P., Moutschen, M., Louis, R., & Guiot, J. (2021). Long-term clinical follow-up of patients suffering from moderate-to-severe COVID-19 infection: a monocentric prospective observational cohort study. International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases, 109, 209-216. doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2021.07.016

Meuris, C., Kremer, C., Geerinck, A., Locquet, M., Bruyère, O., Defêche, J., Meex, C., Hayette, M.-P., Duchene, L., Dellot, P., Azarzar, S., Maréchal, N., Sauvage, A.-S., Frippiat, F., Giot, J.-B., Léonard, P., Fombellida, K., Moutschen, M., Durkin, K., ... Darcis, G. (2021). Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 After COVID-19 Screening and Mitigation Measures for Primary School Children Attending School in Liège, Belgium. JAMA Network Open, 4 (10), 2128757. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.28757

Plum, P.-E., Maes, N., Sauvage, A.-S., Frippiat, F., Meuris, C., Uurlings, F., Lecomte, M., Léonard, P., Paquot, N., Fombellida, K., Vaira, D., Moutschen, M., & Darcis, G. (2021). Impact of switch from tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-based regimens to tenofovir alafenamide-based regimens on lipid profile, weight gain and cardiovascular risk score in people living with HIV. BMC Infectious Diseases, 21 (1), 910. doi:10.1186/s12879-021-06479-9

The COVID-19 Host Genetics Initiative, Gazon, H., JUSZCZAK, D., FADEUR, M., CAMBY, S., MEURIS, C., THYS, M., JACQUES, J., HENKET, M., BEGUIN, Y., Rahmouni, S., Lebrun, M., MOUTSCHEN, M., Misset, B., DARCIS, G., GUIOT, J., AZARZAR, S., DELLOT, P., GOFFLOT, S., ... HUYNEN, P. (Other coll.). (2021). Mapping the human genetic architecture of COVID-19. Nature, 600, 472-477. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03767-x

El Moussaoui, M., Lambert, I., MAES, N., SAUVAGE, A.-S., FRIPPIAT, F., MEURIS, C., UURLINGS, F., LECOMTE, M., LEONARD, P., Fombellida, K., VAIRA, D., Vercheval, C., Moutschen, M., & Darcis, G. (2020). Evolution of Drug Interactions With Antiretroviral Medication in People With HIV. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 7 (11), 416. doi:10.1093/ofid/ofaa416

El Moussaoui, M., Lambert, I., MAES, N., SAUVAGE, A.-S., FRIPPIAT, F., MEURIS, C., UURLINGS, F., LECOMTE, M., LEONARD, P., FOMBELLIDA, K., VAIRA, D., Vercheval, C., MOUTSCHEN, M., & DARCIS, G. (22 November 2019). Evolution of drug interactions with antiretroviral medications in HIV-infected patients. Poster session presented at 8th BREACH SYMPOSIUM, Liège, Belgium.

El Moussaoui, M., Lambert, I., MAES, N., SAUVAGE, A.-S., FRIPPIAT, F., MEURIS, C., UURLINGS, F., LECOMTE, M., LEONARD, P., Fombellida, K., VAIRA, D., Vercheval, C., MOUTSCHEN, M., & DARCIS, G. (08 November 2019). Evolution of drug interactions with antiretroviral medications in HIV-infected patients. Paper presented at 17th European AIDS Conference, Bâle, Switzerland.

LEFEVRE, A., & LEONARD, P. (October 2019). Artesunate et paludisme severe en pediatrie. Revue Médicale de Liège, 74 (10), 503-507.

HUYNEN, P., & LEONARD, P. (11 March 2019). Borréliose de Lyme. Paper presented at GLEM Neurologie - CHU de Liège, Liège, Belgium.

DARCIS, G., MAES, N., Pasternak, A., SAUVAGE, A.-S., FRIPPIAT, F., MEURIS, C., UURLINGS, F., LECOMTE, M., LEONARD, P., El Moussaoui, M., Fombellida, K., VAIRA, D.* , & MOUTSCHEN, M.*. (2019). Detectability of HIV residual Viremia despite therapy is highly associated with treatment with a protease inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. doi:10.1128/AAC.01902-19
* These authors have contributed equally to this work.

DETRY, O., MEURISSE, N., Delwaide, J., GIOT, J.-B., LEONARD, P., Losson, B., Hayette, M.-P., BLETARD, N., Meunier, P., & Honoré, P. (December 2018). Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Acta Chirurgica Belgica, 118 (3), 200-201. doi:10.1080/00015458.2018.1427838

Cambier, A., LEONARD, P., Losson, B., GIOT, J.-B., BLETARD, N., Meunier, P., Hustinx, R., MEURISSE, N., Delwaide, J., Honoré, P., Hayette, M.-P., & Detry, O. (June 2018). Alveolar echinococcosis in southern Belgium: retrospective experience of a tertiary center. European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 37 (6), 1195-1196. doi:10.1007/s10096-018-3233-7

DARCIS, G., Lambert, I., SAUVAGE, A.-S., FRIPPIAT, F., MEURIS, C., UURLINGS, F., LECOMTE, M., LEONARD, P., GIOT, J.-B., fombellida, K., VAIRA, D., & MOUTSCHEN, M. (2018). Factors associated with late presentation for HIV care in a single Belgian reference center: 2006-2017. Scientific Reports. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-26852-0

Cambier, A., GIOT, J.-B., LEONARD, P., BLETARD, N., Meunier, P., Hustinx, R., Delwaide, J., MEURISSE, N., Honoré, P., Losson, B., Hayette, M.-P., & Detry, O. (March 2018). Prise en charge multidisciplinaire de l'echinococcose alveolaire : le groupe Echino-Liege. Revue Médicale de Liège, 73 (3), 135-142.

HALLEUX, D., Juriens, I., Delwaide, J., FRIPPIAT, F., LEONARD, P., BLETARD, N., & DETRY, O. (February 2018). Prise en charge multidisciplinaire d'une volumineuse hydatidose hepatique. Revue Médicale de Liège, 73 (2), 65-71.

Cambier, A., DETRY, O., Lempereur, L., LEONARD, P., GIOT, J.-B., HAYETTE, M.-P., & Losson, B. (2018). L’Echinococcose alvéolaire, une zoonose émergente en Wallonie. Une approche « one health » par le groupe ECHINO-LIEGE. Veterinaria: Bulletin d'Information de l'Union Syndicale Vétérinaire Belge.

DARCIS, G., Van der Auwera, G., GIOT, J.-B., Hayette, M.-P., Tassin, F., Arrese Estrada, J., Cnops, L., Moutschen, M., de Leval, L., & LEONARD, P. (07 July 2017). Recurrence of visceral and muco-cutaneous leishmaniasis in a patient under immunosuppressive therapy. BMC Infectious Diseases, 17. doi:10.1186/s12879-017-2571-x

Dal Pozzo, F., Martinelle, L., Léonard, P., Renaville, B., Renaville, R., Thys, C., Smeets, F., Czaplicki, G., Van Esbroeck, M., & Saegerman, C. (2017). Q Fever Serological Survey and Associated Risk Factors in Veterinarians, Southern Belgium, 2013. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64 (3), 959-966. doi:10.1111/tbed.12465

Deleixhe, B., FRIPPIAT, F., Léonard, P., WITHOFS, N., MEEX, C., Pierard, L., & Moutschen, M. (2017). Endocardite à aggregatibacter aphrophilus sur prothèses valvulaires. Revue Médicale de Liège, 72 (12), 522-528.

Humblet, M.-F., Vandeputte, S., Fecher-Bourgeois, F., LEONARD, P., Gosset, C., Balenghien, T., Durand, B., & Saegerman, C. (04 August 2016). Estimating the economic impact of a possible equine and human epidemic of West Nile virus infection in Belgium. Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, 21 (31). doi:10.2807/1560-7917.ES.2016.21.31.30309

DARCIS, G., Hayette, M.-P., BONTEMS, S., SAUVAGE, A.-S., MEURIS, C., Van Esbroeck, M., & LEONARD, P. (March 2016). Louse-borne relapsing fever in a refugee from Somalia arriving in Belgium. Journal of Travel Medicine, 23 (3). doi:10.1093/jtm/taw009

MALAISE, O., CHAUVEHEID, F., VON FRENCKELL, C., LEONARD, P., MOUTSCHEN, M., DEMONTY, J., & MALAISE, M. (September 2015). Newly diagnosed adult onset Still’s disease between 2002 and 2014: retrospective clinical biological and therapeutic characterization. Comparison with 1988 – 2001 data. Poster session presented at Belgian congress of Rheumatology 2015.

Kaux, J.-F., Croisier, J.-L., LEONARD, P., LE GOFF, C., & Crielaard, J.-M. (March 2014). Exuberant inflammatory reaction as a side effect of platelet-rich plasma injection in treating one case of tendinopathy. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 24 (2), 150-152. doi:10.1097/JSM.0b013e31829aa410

BOUFFLETTE, N., Arrese Estrada, J., LEONARD, P., & NIKKELS, A. (2014). Chronic Cutaneous Hyalophomycosis by Paecilomyces. Open Dermatology Journal, 8, 4-7.

ROUYA, L., LEONARD, P., & Hayette, M.-P. (24 October 2013). A case of hemolytic anemia after severe malaria successfully treated with artesunate. Poster session presented at Joined symposium BVIKM-SBIMC-Scientific Study group for travel medecine, ANTWERPEN, Belgium.

Kaux, J.-F., Croisier, J.-L., LEONARD, P., LE GOFF, C., & Crielaard, J.-M. (October 2013). Réaction inflammatoire exubérante comme effet secondaire d’une infiltration de PRP. Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 56 (Sup 1), 068.

Kaux, J.-F., Croisier, J.-L., LEONARD, P., LE GOFF, C., & Crielaard, J.-M. (September 2013). Réaction inflammatoire exubérante suite à une infiltration de PRP. European Journal of Sports Medicine, 1 (Supplement 1), 278-279.

Kaux, J.-F., Croisier, J.-L., LEONARD, P., LE GOFF, C., & Crielaard, J.-M. (2013). Exuberant inflammatory reaction after an infiltration of platelet-rich plasma to treat tendinopathy. In Book of abstracts of 18th Annual Congress of the ECSS (pp. 208).

Kaux, J.-F., Croisier, J.-L., LEONARD, P., LE GOFF, C., & Crielaard, J.-M. (June 2013). Exuberant inflammatory reaction after an infiltration of platelet-rich plasma (PRP). British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (10 (e3)), 92. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2013-092558.92

Ho, G., Arenas Sanchez, M. M., LEONARD, P., Van Esbroeck, M., & Hayette, M.-P. (2013). Abcès hépatique amibien contracté en Inde avec confirmation du diagnostic par PCR. Revue Médicale de Liège, 68 (7-8), 428-432.

LAYIOS, N., LAMBERMONT, B., CANIVET, J.-L., MORIMONT, P., PREISER, J.-C., GARWEG, C., LEDOUX, D., FRIPPIAT, F., PIRET, S., GIOT, J.-B., WIESEN, P., MEURIS, C., MASSION, P., LEONARD, P., NYS, M., LANCELLOTTI, P., CHAPELLE, J.-P., & DAMAS, P. (2012). Procalcitonin usefulness for the initiation of antibiotic treatment in intensive care unit patients. Critical Care Medicine, 40 (8), 2304-9. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e318251517a

Moutschen, P., Bourhaba, M., FRIPPIAT, F., GIOT, J.-B., MEURIS, C., Leonard, P., & Moutschen, M. (2011). A pauci-symptomatic case of documented Hantavirus (Puumala) infection in a patient under anti-TNF treatment. Journal of Clinical Virology, 50 (3), 247-8. doi:10.1016/j.jcv.2010.11.016

Mukeba, D., Chandrikakumari, K., Giot, J.-B., Leonard, P., Meuris, C., Frippiat, F., & Moutschen, M. (2009). Autoimmune angioneurotic edema in a patient with Helicobacter pylori infection. Helicobacter, 14 (1), 9-11. doi:10.1111/j.1523-5378.2009.00651.x

Bethlen, S., Chandrikakumari, K., de Leval, L., GIOT, J.-B., Mukeba, D., Leonard, P., Frippiat, F., Meuris, C., Delwaide, J., & Moutschen, M. (2008). Chronic hepatitis C infection in a patient with bone marrow hypoplasia. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 14 (26), 4238-40. doi:10.3748/wjg.14.4238

Chandrikakumari, K., Giot, J.-B., de Leval, L., Creemers, E., Leonard, P., Mukeba, D., Moutschen, M., & Frippiat, F. (2008). Report of a case of Streptococcus agalactiae mycotic aneurysm and review of the literature. International Journal of Surgical Pathology, 16 (3), 314-9. doi:10.1177/1066896907310304

Cuvelier, M.-L., Leonard, P., Rikir, E., & Belachew, S. (2008). When HIV gets into the brain. Revue Médicale de Liège, 63 (5-6), 338-341.

Cuvelier, M.-L., Leonard, P., Rikir, E., & Belachew, S. (2008). HIV-related infections of the brain. Revue Médicale de Liège, 63 (5-6), 342-348.

Cuvelier, M. L., LEONARD, P., RIKIR, E., HUYNEN, P., & SADZOT, B. (2008). La neuroborréliose: quand la tique a piqué. Revue Médicale de Liège, 63 (5-6), 349-353.

Frippiat, F., GIOT, J.-B., Chandrikakumari, K., Leonard, P., Meuris, C., & Moutschen, M. (2008). Syphilis en 2008: controverses et attitudes pratiques. Revue Médicale Suisse, 4 (168), 1823-7.

Sokal, E. M., Hoppenbrouwers, K., Vandermeulen, C., Moutschen, M., Leonard, P., Moreels, A., Haumont, M., Bollen, A., Smets, F., & Denis, M. (15 December 2007). Recombinant gp350 vaccine for infectious mononucleosis: A phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of an Epstein-Barr virus vaccine in healthy young adults. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 196 (12), 1749-1753. doi:10.1086/523813

Mayasi, N., Chandrikakumari, K., Mukeba, D., GIOT, J.-B., Leonard, P., Hayette, M.-P., Moutschen, M., & Frippiat, F. (01 September 2007). A Patient with Hiv Infection, Cough, Asthenia, and Fever. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 45 (5), 662-3, 559-600. doi:10.1086/520656

Moutschen, M., Leonard, P., Sokal, E. M., Smets, F., Haumont, M., Mazzu, P., Bollen, A., Denamur, F., Peeters, P., Dubin, G., & Denis, M. (11 June 2007). Phase I/II studies to evaluate safety and immunogenicity of a recombinant gp350 Epstein-Barr virus vaccine in healthy adults. Vaccine, 25 (24), 4697-4705. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2007.04.008

Frippiat, F., Waleffe, A., Soyeur, D., Leonard, P., GIOT, J.-B., & Moutschen, M. (June 2007). Uncomplicated left-sided infective endocarditis due to Escherichia coli, successfully treated with oral levofloxacin. Clinical Research in Cardiology, 96 (6), 401.

Leclercq, P., Betz, R., Lambermont, B., Leonard, P., & Frippiat, F. (03 February 2007). When the book is wrong. Lancet, 9559, 369-370. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60190-1

Chandrika, K., Dellot, P., Frippiat, F., Giot, J.-B., Leonard, P., Marée, R., Mayasi, N., Meuris, C., Mukeba Tshialala, D., Rahmouni, S., Uurlings, F., Vaira, D., Wehenkel, L., Demonty, J., & Moutschen, M. (2007). Nouvelles approches dans la prise en charge de l'infection a VIH. Revue Médicale de Liège, 62 Spec No, 47-50.

GIOT, J.-B., Mukeba Tshialala, D., Mayasi Ngongo, N., Frippiat, F., Leonard, P., & Moutschen, M. (2007). Avancees therapeutiques en pathologie infectieuse au cours de la derniere decennie. Revue Médicale de Liège, 62 (5-6, May-Jun), 377-83.

Hayette, M.-P., Mukeba Tschialala, D., Meex, C., Frippiat, F., Leonard, P., Huynen, P., Melin, P., & De Mol, P. (2007). Disseminated Penicillium marneffei infection contrated in China. Poster session presented at 2nd Pan african medical mycology conference PAMMS, Cape Town, South Africa, South Africa.

Zeddou, M., Rahmouni, S., Vandamme, A., Jacobs, N., Frippiat, F., Leonard, P., SCHAAF-LAFONTAINE, N., Vaira, D., Boniver, J., & Moutschen, M. (2007). Downregulation of CD94/NKG2A inhibitory receptors on CD8+ T cells in HIV infection is more pronounced in subjects with detected viral load than in their aviraemic counterparts. Retrovirology, 4, 72. doi:10.1186/1742-4690-4-72

Bourhaba, M., GIOT, J.-B., Tshialala, D. M., Leonard, P., Frippiat, F., & Moutschen, M. (2006). L'Hantavirose fait encore parler d'elle. Revue Médicale de Liège, 61 (5-6, May-Jun), 322-8.

Wauters, O., Honore, C., Detry, O., Delwaide, J., Demonty, J., Leonard, P., Thiry, A., Hayette, M.-P., De Roover, A., Honore, P., Boniver, J., Belaiche, J., & Meurisse, M. (November 2005). L'echinococcose alveolaire: une zoonose d'apparition recente en Wallonie. Revue Médicale de Liège, 60 (11), 867-74.

Detry, O., Leonard, P., Delwaide, J., de Leval, L., Radermacher, V., De Roover, A., Meurisse, M., & Honore, P. (September 2005). Le cas clinique du mois: traitement d'un kyste hydatique hepatique par hepatectomie laparoscopique (Bisegmentectomie II-III). Revue Médicale de Liège, 60 (9), 700-2.

Leonard, P., Moutschen, M., & Demonty, J. (June 2003). Prevention du paludisme chez l'adulte. Revue Médicale de Liège, 58 (6), 382-7.

Leonard, P., Martalo, O., & Pierard, G. (2003). L'image du mois. Myiase furonculoide americaine. Revue Médicale de Liège, 58 (12), 721-2.

Debruyn, X., Nkoghe, D., Leonard, P., Moutschen, M., & Demonty, J. (January 2002). Les anomalies morphologiques et metaboliques liees aux traitements antiretroviraux. Revue Médicale de Liège, 57 (1), 23-8.

Delbecque, K., Radermecker, M., Leonard, P., Moutschen, M., Hermans, G., Boniver, J., & de Leval, L. (2002). L'image du mois. Malacoplasie pulmonaire a Rhodococcus equi chez un patient atteint du SIDA. Revue Médicale de Liège, 57 (11), 685-7.

Leonard, P., Nkoghe, D., Moutschen, M., & Demonty, J. (November 2001). Pharma-clinics comment je traite ... une infection par le VIH. IV. Les inhibiteurs de protease. Revue Médicale de Liège, 56 (11), 739-44.

Brasseur, E., Lemineur, T., Leonard, P., Richardy, M., & Lambermont, B. (January 2001). Le cas clinique du mois. Intoxication aigue au methanol. Revue Médicale de Liège, 56 (1), 7-10.

Nkoghe, D., Kola, L., Leonard, P., Demonty, J., & Moutschen, M. (July 2000). Hydroxyuree et infection par le VIH. Revue Médicale de Liège, 55 (7), 721-4.

Nkoghe, D., Leonard, P., Moutschen, M., & Demonty, J. (December 1999). Pharma-clinics le médicament du mois. La nevirapine. Viramune. Revue Médicale de Liège, 54 (12), 948-51.

Nkoghe, D., Moutschen, M., Leonard, P., & Demonty, J. (December 1999). Pharma-clinics comment je traite ... une infection par le VIH. III. Les inhibiteurs non nucléosidiques de la transcriptase inverse. Revue Médicale de Liège, 54 (12), 909-11.

Moutschen, M., Nkoghe, D., Leonard, P., & Demonty, J. (December 1997). Pharma-clinics. Comment je traite ... Une infection par le VIH. II. Inhibiteurs nucléosidiques de la transcriptase reverse. Revue Médicale de Liège, 52 (12), 750-2.

Moutschen, M., Nkoghe, D., Leonard, P., & Demonty, J. (October 1997). Comment je traite ... une infection par le VIH. I. Bases pathogéniques des choix thérapeutiques. Revue Médicale de Liège, 52 (10), 622-4.

Leonard, P., Delvenne, P., Collignon, J., Ghaye, B., Merchie, G., Deneufbourg, J.-M., & Boniver, J. (01 August 1994). Confrontation anatomo-clinique. Cancer thyroïdien après irradiation: revue de la littérature à propos d'un cas [letter to the editor]. Revue Médicale de Liège, 49 (8), 452-9.