Publications of Frédéric LAMBERT
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See detailMethylglyoxal Scavengers Resensitize KRAS-Mutated Colorectal Tumors to Cetuximab
Bellier, Justine ULiege; Nokin, Marie-Julie ULiege; Caprasse, Maurine ULiege et al

in Cell Reports (2020), 30(5), 1400-14166

The use of cetuximab anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-EGFR) antibodies has opened the era of targeted and personalized therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC). Poor response rates have been ... [more ▼]

The use of cetuximab anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (anti-EGFR) antibodies has opened the era of targeted and personalized therapy in colorectal cancer (CRC). Poor response rates have been unequivocally shown in mutant KRAS and are even observed in a majority of wild-type KRAS tumors. Therefore, patient selection based on mutational profiling remains problematic. We previously identified methylglyoxal (MGO), a by-product of glycolysis, as a metabolite promoting tumor growth and metastasis. Mutant KRAS cells under MGO stress show AKT-dependent survival when compared with wild-type KRAS isogenic CRC cells. MGO induces AKT activation through phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin 2 (mTORC2) and Hsp27 regulation. Importantly, the sole induction of MGO stress in sensitive wild-type KRAS cells renders them resistant to cetuximab. MGO scavengers inhibit AKT and resensitize KRAS-mutated CRC cells to cetuximab in vivo. This study establishes a link between MGO and AKT activation and pinpoints this oncometabolite as a potential target to tackle EGFR-targeted therapy resistance in CRC. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo cases of atypical CALR mutations in MPN patients
SAGOT, Clémence ULiege; CHARLIER, Hélène ULiege; KOOPMANSCH, Benjamin ULiege et al

Poster (2016, January 29)

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See detailPHARMACOGENOMIQUE ET MEDECINE PERSONNALISEE : VERS UN SCREENING SYSTEMATIQUE DE LA POPULATION ?
DIDEBERG, Vinciane ULiege; SEGERS, Karin ULiege; KOOPMANSCH, Benjamin ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(5-6), 251-6

Recent advances in medical genomics open new perspectives for personalized medicine through the identification of genetic variants that influence drug response and/or the risk of side effects. Today, the ... [more ▼]

Recent advances in medical genomics open new perspectives for personalized medicine through the identification of genetic variants that influence drug response and/or the risk of side effects. Today, the clinical applications of pharmacogenetics remain scarce as a consequence of the cost and turn-around-time of genetic tests. However, a few tests are recommended, for instance before the prescription of some anti-cancer agents or the anti-retroviral agent abacavir. In the future, we will probably move either towards rapid targeted tests or towards a large screening, before any diagnosis, of all the genetic factors influencing the therapeutic response. In that case, physicians will have to consult the patient genomic data before drug prescription in order to personalize the choice of the therapeutic agent or its dosage. However, such a genomic approach brings economical and ethical questions and will require further progress in our capacity to interpret and store the personal genomic data without compromising their confidentiality. [less ▲]

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See detailCancer du sein : de la thérapie ciblée à la médecine personnalisée
JERUSALEM, Guy ULiege; COLLIGNON, Joëlle ULiege; Josse, Claire ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (2015), 70(5-6), 269-276

Dans cet article, les auteurs passent en revue les grands principes de prise en charge du traitement systémique du cancer du sein et posent la question suivante : jusqu'où réellement aujourd'hui ce ... [more ▼]

Dans cet article, les auteurs passent en revue les grands principes de prise en charge du traitement systémique du cancer du sein et posent la question suivante : jusqu'où réellement aujourd'hui ce traitement est-il individualisé ? Les nouvelles technologies permettent une analyse détaillée des anomalies génomiques au niveau des cellules cancéreuses. Malheureusement, nous n'avons pas encore compris comment utiliser au mieux ces données au bénéfice du patient. La majorité des modifications du génome sont des évènements relativement rares compliquant le développement de nouveaux médicaments dans le cadre d'une médecine de précision. De plus, les tumeurs présentent une grande hétérogénéité temporelle et spatiale dont il faudra tenir compte lors de ce développement. Une collaboration internationale intensive est en cours pour tenter de confirmer que la médecine de précision permet d'optimiser les résultats du traitement systémique dans le cancer du sein. [less ▲]

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See detailRefinement of 1p36 alterations not involving PRDM16 in myeloid and lymphoid malignancies.
Duhoux, Francois P; Ameye, Genevieve; Lambot, Virginie et al

in PLoS ONE (2011), 6(10), 26311

Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to characterize 81 cases of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies with cytogenetic 1p36 alterations not affecting the PRDM16 locus. In total, three subgroups ... [more ▼]

Fluorescence in situ hybridization was performed to characterize 81 cases of myeloid and lymphoid malignancies with cytogenetic 1p36 alterations not affecting the PRDM16 locus. In total, three subgroups were identified: balanced translocations (N = 27) and telomeric rearrangements (N = 15), both mainly observed in myeloid disorders; and unbalanced non-telomeric rearrangements (N = 39), mainly observed in lymphoid proliferations and frequently associated with a highly complex karyotype. The 1p36 rearrangement was isolated in 12 cases, mainly myeloid disorders. The breakpoints on 1p36 were more widely distributed than previously reported, but with identifiable rare breakpoint cluster regions, such as the TP73 locus. We also found novel partner loci on 1p36 for the known multi-partner genes HMGA2 and RUNX1. We precised the common terminal 1p36 deletion, which has been suggested to have an adverse prognosis, in B-cell lymphomas [follicular lymphomas and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas with t(14;18)(q32;q21) as well as follicular lymphomas without t(14;18)]. Intrachromosomal telomeric repetitive sequences were detected in at least half the cases of telomeric rearrangements. It is unclear how the latter rearrangements occurred and whether they represent oncogenic events or result from chromosomal instability during oncogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailMatrix Metalloproteinase-9 gene induction by a truncated oncogenic NF-κB2 protein involves the recruitment of MLL1 and MLL2 H3K4 histone methyltransferase complexes.
Robert, Isabelle ULiege; Aussems, Marie ULiege; Keutgens, Aurore ULiege et al

in Oncogene (2009), 28(13), 1626-1638

Constitutive nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation in haematological malignancies is caused in several cases by loss of function mutations within the coding sequence of NF-kappaB inhibitory molecules such ... [more ▼]

Constitutive nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation in haematological malignancies is caused in several cases by loss of function mutations within the coding sequence of NF-kappaB inhibitory molecules such as IkappaBalpha or p100. Hut-78, a truncated form of p100, constitutively generates p52 and contributes to the development of T-cell lymphomas but the molecular mechanism underlying this oncogenic potential remains unclear. We show here that MMP9 gene expression is induced through the alternative NF-kappaB-activating pathway in fibroblasts and also on Hut-78 or p52 overexpression in fibroblasts as well as in lymphoma cells. p52 is critical for Hut-78-mediated MMP9 gene induction as a Hut-78 mutant as well as other truncated NF-kappaB2 proteins that are not processed into p52 failed to induce the expression of this metalloproteinase. Conversely, MMP9 gene expression is impaired in p52-depleted HUT-78 cells. Interestingly, MLL1 and MLL2 H3K4 methyltransferase complexes are tethered by p52 on the MMP9 but not on the IkappaBalpha promoter, and the H3K4 trimethyltransferase activity recruited on the MMP9 promoter is impaired in p52-depleted HUT-78 cells. Moreover, MLL1 and MLL2 are associated with Hut-78 in a native chromatin-enriched extract. Thus, we identified a molecular mechanism by which the recruitment of a H3K4 histone methyltransferase complex on the promoter of a NF-kappaB-dependent gene induces its expression and potentially the invasive potential of lymphoma cells harbouring constitutive activity of the alternative NF-kappaB-activating pathway. [less ▲]

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See detailConsultations in molecular diagnostics - A case of FIP1L1-PDGFRA-positive chronic eosinophilic leukemia with a rare FIP1L1 breakpoint
Lambert, Frédéric ULiege; Heimann, Pierre; Herens, Christian ULiege et al

in Journal of Molecular Diagnostics (2007), 9(3), 414-419

The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) has remained for a long time a diagnosis of exclusion. Differential diagnosis between the HES and the related chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) relied on ... [more ▼]

The idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) has remained for a long time a diagnosis of exclusion. Differential diagnosis between the HES and the related chronic eosinophilic leukemia (CEL) relied on the identification of signs of clonality that allowed, when present, the reclassification of patients as CEL. Recently, a new acquired mutation was described in approximately 50% of the HES/CEL patients: a cryptic deletion on chromosome band 4q12 generating a FIP1IL1-PDGFRA fusion gene. According to the World Health Organization classification, this clonal abnormality has been proposed as a new surrogate marker for chronic eosinophilic leukemia diagnosis. Fluorescence in situ hybridization and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction protocols were developed for an accurate del(4)(q12q12) and FIP1L1-PDGFRA fusion gene detection. Here, we report a patient with a rare FIP1L1 intron 16 breakpoint located outside of the reported FIP1L1 breakpoint region (ie, from FIP1L1 introns 9 to 13). This case illustrates the risk of false-negative results with diagnostic procedures that do not take into account the occurrence of rare FIP1L1 breakpoints. As targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors has dramatically changed the prognosis of FIP1L1-PDGFRA (+) CEL, false-negative results could hamper accurate diagnosis and treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailSufasalazine unveils a contact-independent HSV-TK/ganciclovir gene therapy bystander effect in malignant gliomas
Robe, Pierre ULiege; Nguyen-Khac, Minh-Tuan ULiege; Lambert, Frédéric ULiege et al

in International Journal of Oncology (2007), 30(1), 283-290

The efficacy of HSV-TK/ganciclovir-based gene therapy on malignant gliomas largely relies on the amplitude of the bystander effect. In these experiments, the anti-inflammatory drug Sulfasalazine increased ... [more ▼]

The efficacy of HSV-TK/ganciclovir-based gene therapy on malignant gliomas largely relies on the amplitude of the bystander effect. In these experiments, the anti-inflammatory drug Sulfasalazine increased the HSV-TK/ganciclovir bystander effect in C6, 9L and LN18 cells but not in U87 glioma cells. Using bi-compartmental culture devices and conditioned medium transfer experiments, we showed that in C6, 9L and LN18 cells but not in U87 cells, Sulfasalazine also unveiled a new, contact-independent mechanism of HSV-TK/ganciclovir bystander effect. Upon treatment with ganciclovir, human LN18-TK but not U87-TK cells synthetized and released TNF-alpha in the culture medium. Sulfasalazine sensitized glioma cells to the toxic effect of TNF-alpha. and enhanced its secretion in LN18-TK cells in response to GCV treatment. The caspase-8 inhibitor Z-IETD-FMK and a blocking antibody to TNF-alpha both inhibited the contact-independent bystander effect in LN18 cells. Taken together, these results suggest that TNF-alpha mediates the contact-independent bystander effect in LN18 cells. The treatment with GCV and/or Sulfasalazine of tumor xenografts consisting of a mix of 98% C6 and 2% C6-TK cells shows that Sulfasalazine is also a potent adjunct to the in vivo treatment of gliomas. [less ▲]

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See detailThe taste approach : general implicit solutions in MCQs, confidence marking, open books exams and interactive testing
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULiege; Boxus, Elise ULiege; De Brogniez, P. et al

in Leclercq, Dieudonné (Ed.) Item banking, self-assessment and interactive testing : actes du NATO ARW Conférence de Liège, novembre 1992 (1993)

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