Publications of Michel MALAISE
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See detailTFEB phosphorylation on Serine 211 is induced by autophagy in human synovial fibroblasts and by p62/SQSTM1 overexpression in HEK293 cells.
RELIC, Biserka ULiege; DEROYER, Céline ULiege; MALAISE, Olivier ULiege et al

in Biochemical Journal (2021), 478(16), 3145-3155

Autophagy receptor p62/SQSTM1 signals a complex network that links autophagy-lysosomal system to proteasome. Phosphorylation of p62 on Serine 349 (P-Ser349 p62) is involved in a cell protective ... [more ▼]

Autophagy receptor p62/SQSTM1 signals a complex network that links autophagy-lysosomal system to proteasome. Phosphorylation of p62 on Serine 349 (P-Ser349 p62) is involved in a cell protective, antioxidant pathway. We have shown previously that P-Ser349 p62 occurs and is rapidly degraded during human synovial fibroblasts autophagy. In this work we observed that fingolimod (FTY720), used as a medication for multiple sclerosis, induced coordinated expression of p62, P-Ser349 p62 and inhibitory TFEB form, phosphorylated on Serine 211 (P-Ser211 TFEB), in human synovial fibroblasts. These effects were mimicked and potentiated by proteasome inhibitor MG132. In addition, FTY720 induced autophagic flux, LC3B-II up-regulation, Akt phosphorylation inhibition on Serine 473 but down-regulated TFEB, suggesting stalled autophagy. FTY720 decreased cytoplasmic fraction contained TFEB but induced TFEB in nuclear fraction. FTY720-induced P-Ser211 TFEB was mainly found in membrane fraction. Autophagy and VPS34 kinase inhibitor, autophinib, further increased FTY720-induced P-Ser349 p62 but inhibited concomitant expression of P-Ser211 TFEB. These results suggested that P-Ser211 TFEB expression depends on autophagy. Overexpression of GFP tagged TFEB in HEK293 cells showed concomitant expression of its phosphorylated form on Serine 211, that was down-regulated by autophinib. These results suggested that autophagy might be autoregulated through P-Ser211 TFEB as a negative feedback loop. Of interest, overexpression of p62, p62 phosphorylation mimetic (S349E) mutant and phosphorylation deficient mutant (S349A) in HEK293 cells markedly induced P-Ser211 TFEB. These results showed that p62 is involved in regulation of TFEB phosphorylation on Serine 211 but that this involvement does not depend on p62 phosphorylation on Serine 349. [less ▲]

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See detailAsthma and COPD Are Not Risk Factors for ICU Stay and Death in Case of SARS-CoV2 Infection
CALMES, Doriane ULiege; Graff, Sophie ULiege; MAES, Nathalie ULiege et al

in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice (2021), 9(1), 160-169

BACKGROUND: Asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have more severe outcomes with viral infections than people without obstructive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have more severe outcomes with viral infections than people without obstructive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if obstructive diseases are risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19). METHODS: We collected data from the electronic medical record from 596 adult patients hospitalized in University Hospital of Liege between March 18 and April 17, 2020, for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) infection. We classified patients into 3 groups according to the underlying respiratory disease, present before the COVID19 pandemic. RESULTS: Among patients requiring hospitalization for COVID19, asthma and COPD accounted for 9.6% and 7.7%, respectively. The proportions of asthmatics, patients with COPD, and patients without obstructive airway disease hospitalized in the ICU were 17.5%, 19.6%, and 14%, respectively. One-third of patients with COPD died during hospitalization, whereas only 7.0% of asthmatics and 13.6% of patients without airway obstruction died due to SARS-CoV2. The multivariate analysis showed that asthma, COPD, inhaled corticosteroid treatment, and oral corticosteroid treatment were not independent risk factors for ICU admission or death. Male gender (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-3.2) and obesity (OR: 8.5; 95% CI: 5.1-14.1) were predictors of ICU admission, whereas male gender (OR 1.9; 95% CI: 1.1-3.2), older age (OR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.6-2.3), cardiopathy (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-3.1), and immunosuppressive diseases (OR: 3.6; 95% CI: 1.5-8.4) were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSION: Asthma and COPD are not risk factors for ICU admission and death related to SARS-CoV2 infection. [less ▲]

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See detailMacrophage-derived exosomes attenuate fibrosis in airway epithelial cells through delivery of antifibrotic miR-142-3p
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Cambier, Maureen ULiege; Boeckx, Amandine ULiege et al

in Thorax (2020), 75(10), 870-881

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology and cure. Recent studies have reported a dysregulation of exosomal microRNAs ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology and cure. Recent studies have reported a dysregulation of exosomal microRNAs (miRs) in the IPF context. However, the impact of IPF-related exosomal miRs on the progression of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. Methods: Two independent cohorts were enrolled at the ambulatory care polyclinic of Liège University. Exosomes from sputum were obtained from 19 patients with IPF and 23 healthy subjects (HSs) (cohort 1), and the ones from plasma derived from 14 patients with IPF and 14 HSs (cohort 2). Exosomal miR expression was performed by quantitative reverse transcription–PCR. The functional role of exosomal miRs was assessed in vitro by transfecting miR mimics in human alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts. Results: Exosomal miR analysis showed that miR-142-3p was significantly upregulated in sputum and plasma of patients with IPF (8.06-fold, p<0.0001; 1.64 fold, p=0.008, respectively). Correlation analysis revealed a positive association between exosomal miR-142-3p and the percentage of macrophages from sputum of patients with IPF (r=0.576, p=0.012), suggesting macrophage origin of exosomal miR-142-3p upregulation. The overexpression of miR-142-3p in alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts was able to reduce the expression of transforming growth factor β receptor 1 (TGFβ-R1) and profibrotic genes. Furthermore, exosomes isolated from macrophages present antifibrotic properties due in part to the repression of TGFβ-R1 by miR-142-3p transfer in target cells. Discussion: Our results suggest that macrophage-derived exosomes may fight against pulmonary fibrosis progression via the delivery of antifibrotic miR-142–3 p to alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts. [less ▲]

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See detailExosomal Long Non-Coding RNAs in Lung Diseases
Poulet, Christophe ULiege; NJOCK, Makon-Sébastien ULiege; MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2020), 21(10), 3580

Within the non-coding genome landscape, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their secretion within exosomes are a window that could further explain the regulation, the sustaining, and the spread of lung ... [more ▼]

Within the non-coding genome landscape, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their secretion within exosomes are a window that could further explain the regulation, the sustaining, and the spread of lung diseases. We present here a compilation of the current knowledge on lncRNAs commonly found in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), or lung cancers. We built interaction networks describing the mechanisms of action for COPD, asthma, and IPF, as well as private networks for H19, MALAT1, MEG3, FENDRR, CDKN2B-AS1, TUG1, HOTAIR, and GAS5 lncRNAs in lung cancers. We identified five signaling pathways targeted by these eight lncRNAs over the lung diseases mentioned above. These lncRNAs were involved in ten treatment resistances in lung cancers, with HOTAIR being itself described in seven resistances. Besides, five of them were previously described as promising biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of asthma, COPD, and lung cancers. Additionally, we describe the exosomal-based studies on H19, MALAT1, HOTAIR, GAS5, UCA1, lnc-MMP2-2, GAPLINC, TBILA, AGAP2-AS1, and SOX2-OT. This review concludes on the need for additional studies describing the lncRNA mechanisms of action and confirming their potential as biomarkers, as well as their involvement in resistance to treatment, especially in non-cancerous lung diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailA new nucleosomic-based model to identify and diagnose SSc-ILD
Guiot, Julien ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege; André, Béatrice ULiege et al

in Clinical Epigenetics (2020), 12(1), 124

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare connective tissue disease associated with rapid evolving interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), driving its mortality. Specific biomarkers associated with the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare connective tissue disease associated with rapid evolving interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), driving its mortality. Specific biomarkers associated with the evolution of the lung disease are highly needed. We aimed to identify specific biomarkers of SSc-ILD to predict the evolution of the disease. Nucleosomes are stable DNA/protein complexes that are shed into the blood stream making them ideal candidates for biomarkers. METHODS: We studied circulating cell-free nucleosomes (cf-nucleosomes) in SSc patients, 31 with ILD (SSc-ILD) and 67 without ILD. We analyzed plasma levels for cf-nucleosomes and investigated whether global circulating nucleosome levels in association with or without other biomarkers of interest for systemic sclerosis or lung fibrosis (e.g., serum growth factors: IGFBP-1 and the MMP enzyme: MMP-9), could be suitable potential biomarkers for the correct identification of SSc-ILD disease. RESULTS: We found that H3.1 nucleosome levels were significantly higher in patients with SSc-ILD compared SSc patients without ILD (p < 0.05) and levels of MMP-9 were significantly increased in patients with SSc-ILD compared to SSc patients without ILD (p < 0.05). Conversely, IGFBP-1 was significantly reduced in patients with SSc-ILD compared to SSc without ILD (p < 0.001). The combination of cf-nucleosomes H3.1 coupled to MMP-9 and IGFBP-1 increased the sensitivity for the differential detection of SSc-ILD. High levels of accuracy were reached with this combined model: its performances are strong with 68.4% of positive predictive value and 77.2% of negative predictive value for 90% of specificity. With our model, we identified a significant negative correlation with FVC % pred (r = -0.22) and TLC % pred (r = -0.31). The value of our model at T1 (baseline) has a predictive power over the Rodnan score at T2 (after 6-18 months), showed by a significant linear regression with R2 = 19% (p = 0.013). We identified in the sole group of SSc-ILD patients a significant linear regression with a R2 = 54.4% with the variation of DLCO between T1 and T2 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In our study, we identified a new blood-based model with nucleosomic biomarker in order to diagnose SSc-ILD in a SSc cohort. This model is correlated with TLC and FVC at baseline and predictive of the skin evolution and the DLCO. Further longitudinal exploration studies should be performed in order to evaluate the potential of such diagnostic and predictive model. [less ▲]

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See detailProteins involved in the endoplasmic reticulum stress are modulated in synovitis of osteoarthritis, chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy and rheumatoid arthritis, and correlate with the histological inflammatory score
de Seny, Dominique ULiege; Bianchi, Elettra ULiege; Baiwir, Dominique ULiege et al

in Scientific Reports (2020), 10(1),

It is now well recognized that osteoarthritis (OA) synovial membrane presents inflammatory components. The aim of this work is to provide evidence that similar inflammatory mechanisms exist in synovial ... [more ▼]

It is now well recognized that osteoarthritis (OA) synovial membrane presents inflammatory components. The aim of this work is to provide evidence that similar inflammatory mechanisms exist in synovial membrane (n = 24) obtained from three pathologies presenting altogether an inflammatory gradient: OA, chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy (CPPA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Synovial biopsies were first characterized by a histological score based on synovial hyperplasia and infiltration of lymphocytes, plasma cells, polymorphonuclear and macrophages. All biopsies were also analyzed by 2D-nano-UPLC-ESI-Q-Orbitrap for protein identification and quantification. Protein levels were correlated with the histological score. Histological score was in the range of 3 to 8 for OA, 5 to 13 for CPPA and 12 to 17 for RA. Of the 4,336 proteins identified by mass spectrometry, 51 proteins were selected for their strong correlation (p < 0.001) with the histological score of which 11 proteins (DNAJB11, CALR, ERP29, GANAB, HSP90B1, HSPA1A, HSPA5, HYOU1, LMAN1, PDIA4, and TXNDC5) were involved in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Protein levels of S100A8 and S100A9 were significantly higher in RA compared to OA (for both) or to CPPA (for S100A8 only) and also significantly correlated with the histological score. Eighteen complement component proteins were identified, but only C1QB and C1QBP were weakly correlated with the histological score. This study highlights the inflammatory gradient existing between OA, CPPA and RA synovitis either at the protein level or at the histological level. Inflamed synovitis was characterized by the overexpression of ER stress proteins. © 2020, The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailDid Osteoblastic Cell Therapy Improve the Prognosis of Prefracture Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head? A Randomized, Controlled Trial
HAUZEUR, Jean-Philippe ULiege; LECHANTEUR, Chantal ULiege; BAUDOUX, Etienne ULiege et al

in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (2020), 478

Background In patients with nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), implantation of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) could delay the progression of osteonecrosis and improve symptoms ... [more ▼]

Background In patients with nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), implantation of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) could delay the progression of osteonecrosis and improve symptoms in pre-fractureONFH. However, the BMAC content, especially in osteoblastic stem cells, could have an important individual variability. [less ▲]

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See detailTargeted proteomics reveals serum amyloid A variants and alarmins S100A8-S100A9 as key plasma biomarkers of rheumatoid arthritis
Nys, Gwenaël ULiege; COBRAIVILLE, Gaël ULiege; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULiege et al

in Talanta (2019)

Serum amyloid A (SAA) and S100 (S100A8, S100A9 and S100A12) proteins were previously identified as biomarkers of interest for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Among SAA family, two closely related isoforms (SAA ... [more ▼]

Serum amyloid A (SAA) and S100 (S100A8, S100A9 and S100A12) proteins were previously identified as biomarkers of interest for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Among SAA family, two closely related isoforms (SAA-1 and SAA-2) are linked to the acute-phase of inflammation. They respectively exist under the form of three (α, β, and γ) and two (α and β) allelic variants. We developed a single run quantitative method for these protein variants and investigated their clinical relevance in the context of RA. The method was developed and validated according to regulations before being applied on plasma coming from RA patients (n = 46), other related inflammatory pathologies (n = 116) and controls (n = 62). Depending on the activity score of RA, SAA1 isoforms (mainly of SAA1α and SAA1β subtypes) were found to be differentially present in plasma revealing their dual role during the development of RA. In addition, the weight of SAA1α in the total SAA response varied from 32 to 80% depending on the pathology studied. A negative correlation between SAA1α and SAA1β was also highlighted for RA early-onset (r = −0.41). SAA2 and S100A8/S100A9 proteins were significantly overexpressed compared to control samples regardless of RA stage. The pathophysiological relevance of these quantitative and qualitative characteristics of the SAA response remains unknown. However, the significant negative correlation observed between SAA1α and SAA1β levels in RA early-onset suggests the existence of still unknown regulatory mechanisms in these diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailCEMIP (KIAA1199) induces a fibrosis-like process in osteoarthritic chondrocytes
DEROYER, Céline ULiege; CHARLIER, Edith ULiege; NEUVILLE, Sophie ULiege et al

in Cell Death and Disease (2019)

CEMIP (for “Cell migration-inducing protein” also called KIAA1199 and Hybid for “Hyaluronan-binding protein”) expression is increased in cancers and described as a regulator of cell survival, growth and ... [more ▼]

CEMIP (for “Cell migration-inducing protein” also called KIAA1199 and Hybid for “Hyaluronan-binding protein”) expression is increased in cancers and described as a regulator of cell survival, growth and invasion. In rheumatoid arthritis, CEMIP is referred to as an angiogenic marker and participates in hyaluronic acid degradation. In this study, CEMIP expression is investigated in healthy and osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage from human and mouse. Its role in OA physiopathology is deciphered, specifically in chondrocytes proliferation and dedifferentiation and in the extracellular matrix remodeling. To this end, CEMIP, αSMA and types I and III collagen expressions were assessed in human OA and non-OA cartilage. CEMIP expression was also investigated in a mouse OA model. CEMIP expression was studied in vitro using a chondrocyte dedifferentiation model. High-throughput RNA sequencing was performed on chondrocytes after CEMIP silencing. Results showed that CEMIP was overexpressed in human and murine OA cartilage and along chondrocytes dedifferentiation. Most of genes deregulated in CEMIP-depleted cells were involved in cartilage turnover (e.g., collagens), mesenchymal transition and fibrosis. CEMIP regulated β-catenin protein level. Moreover, CEMIP was essential for chondrocytes proliferation and promoted αSMA expression, a fibrosis marker, and TGFβ signaling towards the p-Smad2/3 (Alk5/PAI-1) pathway. Interestingly, CEMIP was induced by the pSmad1/5 (Alk1) pathway. αSMA and type III collagen expressions were overexpressed in human OA cartilage and along chondrocytes dedifferentiation. Finally, CEMIP was co-expressed in situ with αSMA in all OA cartilage layers. In conclusion, CEMIP was sharply overexpressed in human and mouse OA cartilage and along chondrocytes dedifferentiation. CEMIP-regulated transdifferentiation of chondrocytes into “chondro-myo-fibroblasts” expressing α-SMA and type III collagen, two fibrosis markers. Moreover, these “chondro-myo-fibroblasts” were found in OA cartilage but not in healthy cartilage. [less ▲]

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See detailExosomal miRNAs in Lung Diseases: From Biologic Function to Therapeutic Targets.
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Struman, Ingrid ULiege; Louis, Edouard ULiege et al

in Journal of clinical medicine (2019), 8(9),

Increasing evidence suggests the potential role of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in many lung diseases. According to their subcellular origin, secretion mechanism, and size, EVs are currently classified ... [more ▼]

Increasing evidence suggests the potential role of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in many lung diseases. According to their subcellular origin, secretion mechanism, and size, EVs are currently classified into three subpopulations: exosomes, microvesicles, and apoptotic bodies. Exosomes are released in most biofluids, including airway fluids, and play a key role in intercellular communication via the delivery of their cargo (e.g., microRNAs (miRNAs)) to target cell. In a physiological context, lung exosomes present protective effects against stress signals which allow them to participate in the maintenance of lung homeostasis. The presence of air pollution alters the composition of lung exosomes (dysregulation of exosomal miRNAs) and their homeostatic property. Indeed, besides their potential as diagnostic biomarkers for lung diseases, lung exosomes are functional units capable of dysregulating numerous pathophysiological processes (including inflammation or fibrosis), resulting in the promotion of lung disease progression. Here, we review recent studies on the known and potential role of lung exosomes/exosomal miRNAs, in the maintaining of lung homeostasis on one hand, and in promoting lung disease progression on the other. We will also discuss using exosomes as prognostic/diagnostic biomarkers as well as therapeutic tools for lung diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailBiomarkers in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease: review of the literature.
BONHOMME, Olivier ULiege; ANDRE, Béatrice ULiege; GESTER, Fanny ULiege et al

in Rheumatology (Oxford, England) (2019)

SSc is a rare disease of unknown origin associated with multiple organ involvement. One of the major complications that drives the mortality of SSc patients is interstitial lung disease. The course of SSc ... [more ▼]

SSc is a rare disease of unknown origin associated with multiple organ involvement. One of the major complications that drives the mortality of SSc patients is interstitial lung disease. The course of SSc-interstitial lung disease progression has a wide spectrum. Since the treatment is based on aggressive immunosuppression it should not be given to stable or non-progressing disease. The correct identification of disease with high risk of progression remains a challenge for early therapeutic intervention, and biomarkers remain urgently needed. In fact, eight categories of biomarkers have been identified and classified according to the different biological pathways involved. The purpose of this article is to describe the main biomarkers thought to be of interest with clinical value in the diagnosis and prognosis of SSc-interstitial lung disease. [less ▲]

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See detailHyaluronan derivative HYMOVIS® increases cartilage volume and type ii collagen turnover in osteoarhritic knee: Data from MOKHA study
Henrotin, Yves ULiege; Bannuru, R.; Malaise, Michel ULiege et al

in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2019), 20(1),

Background: The objective of this pilot study was to identify biological, clinical or structural biomarkers of an intra-articular hyaluronic acid injection efficacy (HYMOVIS®) for the design of a larger ... [more ▼]

Background: The objective of this pilot study was to identify biological, clinical or structural biomarkers of an intra-articular hyaluronic acid injection efficacy (HYMOVIS®) for the design of a larger placebo-controlled clinical trial studying the disease-modifying activity of this treatment. Methods: Forty six patients with symptomatic knee Osteoarthritis (OA) were enrolled in this open-label, prospective, multicenter, pilot study. Patients received two treatment cycles of intra-articular injections (3 mL) of HYMOVIS® (8 mg/mL of hyaluronic acid hexadecylamide) at 6 months interval. Each treatment cycle involved two intra-articular injections 1 week apart. All patients had Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of the target knee at baseline and 1 year, and blood samples to assess joint biomarkers. The primary outcome was the change in type II collagen-specific biomarkers (Coll2-1, Coll2-1NO2 and CTX-II) after HYMOVIS® treatment versus baseline. Secondary endpoints included levels changes in aggrecan chondroitin sulfate 846 epitope (CS-846), Cartilage Oligomeric Matrix Protein (COMP), procollagen type II N-terminal propeptide (PIIANP), Matrix Metalloprotease (MMP)-3, Myeloperoxidase (MPO) and Interleukin (IL)-6 serum biomarkers, the ratio Coll2-1/PIIANP, CTX-II/PIIANP, variation of MRI cartilage volume, and Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) index. Results: Coll2-1 serum levels significantly increased overtime while Coll2-1NO2 levels were only increased at D360. Serum PIIANP levels also progressively and significantly enhanced with time. In contrast, other serum biomarker levels including CTX-II, CS-846, COMP, MMP-3, MPO or IL-6 did not change significantly overtime. Interestingly, the ratios Coll2-1/PIIANP and CTX-II/PIIANP decreased, indicating a decrease of cartilage catabolism. Compared to baseline value, MRI cartilage volume and thickness increased in lateral femoral and lateral trochlea compartments and not in medial compartment. These results, in addition to an improvement of T2 mapping score suggest a positive structural effect of the product. Interestingly, WORMS effusion score, an indicator of synovitis, significantly decreased. Finally, global KOOS score and subscales significantly increased overtime while pain at rest, walking pain and patients or investigators global assessment of disease activity decreased. The safety profile was favorable with a low incidence of injection-site pain. Conclusion: HYMOVIS®, a well-tolerated intra-articular treatment, significantly enhanced type II collagen turnover as suggested by the increase in Coll2-1 and PIIANP levels and cartilage volume observed by MRI in lateral knee compartment. Importantly, this study provides critical information for the design of a larger phase III clinical trial investigating Disease Modifying effect of HYMOVIS®. Trial registration: http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN12227846 11/02/2015. © 2019 The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailBio-optimized Curcuma longa extract is efficient on knee osteoarthritis pain: A double-blind multicenter randomized placebo controlled three-arm study
Henrotin, Yves ULiege; Malaise, Michel ULiege; Wittoek, Ruth et al

in Arthritis Research and Therapy (2019), 21(1),

Objectives: Comparison of two doses of bio-optimized Curcuma longa extract (BCL) in the management of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: A prospective, randomized, 3-month, double-blind ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Comparison of two doses of bio-optimized Curcuma longa extract (BCL) in the management of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: A prospective, randomized, 3-month, double-blind, multicenter, three-group, placebo-controlled trial assessing Patient Global Assessment of Disease Activity (PGADA) and serum sColl2-1, a biomarker of cartilage degradation, as co-primary endpoints. Pain on visual analog scale (VAS), Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), and paracetamol/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) consumption were used as secondary endpoints. Results: One hundred fifty patients with knee OA were followed for 90 days. Low and high doses of BCL showed a greater decrease of PGADA than placebo. Analysis of sColl2-1 showed in the placebo and BCL low-dose groups, but not in the BCL high-dose group, a transient but non-significant increase of sColl2-1 between T0 and T1. Thereafter, in all groups, sColl2-1 decreased between T1 and T3 (all p < 0.01), but no difference between the groups was found. Pain reduction at day 90 in the low- and high-dose BCL groups (- 29.5 mm and - 36.5 mm) was higher than that in the placebo (- 8 mm; p = 0.018). The global KOOS significantly decreased overtime, but changes were comparable across treatment arms. The ratio of patients with adverse events (AE) related to the product was similar in the placebo and treatment groups, but the number of AE linked to the product was higher in the high-dose BCL group compared to the placebo (p = 0.012). Conclusions: BCL appeared safe and well-tolerated with no evidence of severe adverse effects. Efficacy analysis suggested positive trends for measurements of PGADA and serum levels of an OA biomarker and showed a rapid and significant decrease of pain in knee OA (Trial registration: ISRCTN, ISRCTN12345678. Registered 21 September 2016 - retrospectively registered, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02909621?term=osteoarthritis+curcumin&rank=5 - Evaluation of FLEXOFYTOL® Versus PLACEBO (COPRA) NCT02909621). © 2019 The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailHYALURONAN DERIVATIVE HYMOVIS® INCREASES CARTILAGE VOLUME AND TYPE II COLLAGEN TURNOVER IN OSTEOARHRITIC KNEE: DATA FROM MOKHA STUDY
Henrotin, Yves ULiege; Bannuru, Raveendhara R.; Malaise, Michel ULiege et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2018, June), 77(supplement 2), 1614

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See detailEFFICACY OF BIO-OPTIMISED CURCUMA EXTRACT (FLEXOFYTOL®) FOR PAINFUL KNEE OSTEOARTHRITIS: DATA FROM COPRA, A MULTICENTER RANDOMISED CONTROLLED STUDY
Henrotin, Yves ULiege; Malaise, Michel ULiege; Wittoek, R et al

in Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases (2018, June), 77(supplement 2), 790

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See detailInefficacy of autologous bone marrow concentrate in stage three osteonecrosis: a randomized controlled double-blind trial
HAUZEUR, Jean-Philippe ULiege; De Maertelaer, Viviane ; BAUDOUX, Etienne ULiege et al

in International Orthopaedics (2018), 42

Purpose The fracture stage of non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON stage 3) of the femoral head (ONFH) has an unfavourable prognosis frequently requiring total hip replacement (THR). The percentage could be ... [more ▼]

Purpose The fracture stage of non-traumatic osteonecrosis (ON stage 3) of the femoral head (ONFH) has an unfavourable prognosis frequently requiring total hip replacement (THR). The percentage could be lowered after core decompression. In earlier non-fracture ON stages, implantation of autologous bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) improved the effect of core decompression. The purpose was to evaluate the effect of BMAC in addition to core decompression in stage 3 ONFH. Methods A double blind RCT was conducted comparing two groups: core decompression plus saline injection or core decompression plus BMAC implantation. Both patients and assessors were blinded to the treatment assignments. Evaluations were done at baseline, three, six, 12, and 24 months, including pain (VAS), WOMAC, side-effects, radiological evolution including ARCO subclassifications, together with possible THR requirement. The primary endpoint was the need for THR. The second endpoints included the clinical symptoms such as pain and functional ability and the progression of the ON lesions as well as the appearance of osteoarthritis features (ARCO stage 4). Both groups included 23 hips (19 patients). Results No differences were found between the groups for THR requirements, clinical tests, and radiological evolution. In both groups, 15/23 hips needed THR. The radiological evolution of the ONFH lesions in term of location, extension, surface collapse, and dome depression was moderate in both groups and was not correlated with the need of THR. Conclusions Implantation of BMAC after core decompression did not produce any improvement of the evolution of ONFH stage 3. [less ▲]

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