Publications of Michel MALAISE
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See detailBreathomics to diagnose systemic sclerosis using thermal desorption and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography high-resolution time-of-flight mass spectrometry
Zanella, Delphine ULiege; GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULiege et al

in Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry (2021)

Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune disease associated with rapidly evolving interstitial lung disease, responsible for the disease severity and mortality. Specific biomarkers enabling the early ... [more ▼]

Systemic sclerosis is a rare autoimmune disease associated with rapidly evolving interstitial lung disease, responsible for the disease severity and mortality. Specific biomarkers enabling the early diagnosis and prognosis associated with the disease progression are highly needed. Volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath are widely available and non-invasive and have the potential to reflect metabolic processes occurring within the body. Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry was used to investigate the potential of exhaled breath to diagnose systemic sclerosis. The exhaled breath of 32 patients and 30 healthy subjects was analyzed. The high resolving power of this approach enabled the detection of 356 compounds in the breath of systemic sclerosis patients, which was characterized by an increase of mainly terpenoids and hydrocarbons. In addition, the use of 4 complementary statistical approaches (two-tailed equal variance ttest, fold change, partial least squares discriminant analysis, and random forest) resulted in the identification of 16 compounds that can be used to discriminate systemic sclerosis patients from healthy subjects. Receiver operating curves were generated that provided an accuracy of 90%, a sensitivity of 92%, and a specificity of 89%. The chemical identification of eight compounds predictive of systemic sclerosis was validated using commercially available standards. The analytical variations together with the volatile composition of room air were carefully monitored during the timeframe of the study to ensure the robustness of the technique. This study represents the first reported evaluation of exhaled breath analysis for systemic sclerosis diagnosis and provides surrogate markers for such disease. [less ▲]

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See detailTFEB phosphorylation on Serine 211 is induced by autophagy in human synovial fibroblasts and by p62/SQSTM1 overexpression in HEK293 cells.
RELIC, Biserka ULiege; DEROYER, Céline ULiege; MALAISE, Olivier ULiege et al

in Biochemical Journal (2021), 478(16), 3145-3155

Autophagy receptor p62/SQSTM1 signals a complex network that links autophagy-lysosomal system to proteasome. Phosphorylation of p62 on Serine 349 (P-Ser349 p62) is involved in a cell protective ... [more ▼]

Autophagy receptor p62/SQSTM1 signals a complex network that links autophagy-lysosomal system to proteasome. Phosphorylation of p62 on Serine 349 (P-Ser349 p62) is involved in a cell protective, antioxidant pathway. We have shown previously that P-Ser349 p62 occurs and is rapidly degraded during human synovial fibroblasts autophagy. In this work we observed that fingolimod (FTY720), used as a medication for multiple sclerosis, induced coordinated expression of p62, P-Ser349 p62 and inhibitory TFEB form, phosphorylated on Serine 211 (P-Ser211 TFEB), in human synovial fibroblasts. These effects were mimicked and potentiated by proteasome inhibitor MG132. In addition, FTY720 induced autophagic flux, LC3B-II up-regulation, Akt phosphorylation inhibition on Serine 473 but down-regulated TFEB, suggesting stalled autophagy. FTY720 decreased cytoplasmic fraction contained TFEB but induced TFEB in nuclear fraction. FTY720-induced P-Ser211 TFEB was mainly found in membrane fraction. Autophagy and VPS34 kinase inhibitor, autophinib, further increased FTY720-induced P-Ser349 p62 but inhibited concomitant expression of P-Ser211 TFEB. These results suggested that P-Ser211 TFEB expression depends on autophagy. Overexpression of GFP tagged TFEB in HEK293 cells showed concomitant expression of its phosphorylated form on Serine 211, that was down-regulated by autophinib. These results suggested that autophagy might be autoregulated through P-Ser211 TFEB as a negative feedback loop. Of interest, overexpression of p62, p62 phosphorylation mimetic (S349E) mutant and phosphorylation deficient mutant (S349A) in HEK293 cells markedly induced P-Ser211 TFEB. These results showed that p62 is involved in regulation of TFEB phosphorylation on Serine 211 but that this involvement does not depend on p62 phosphorylation on Serine 349. [less ▲]

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See detailFibrosis in osteoarthritis – Role of Cemip
DEROYER, Céline ULiege; CIREGIA, Federica ULiege; MALAISE, Olivier ULiege et al

Conference (2021)

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See detailA Blood Exosomal miRNA Signature in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.
Parzibut, Gilles ULiege; Henket, Monique ULiege; Moermans, Catherine ULiege et al

in Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences (2021), 8

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a diffuse, acute, inflammatory lung disease characterized by a severe respiratory failure. Recognizing and promptly treating ARDS is critical to combat the ... [more ▼]

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a diffuse, acute, inflammatory lung disease characterized by a severe respiratory failure. Recognizing and promptly treating ARDS is critical to combat the high mortality associated with the disease. Despite a significant progress in the treatment of ARDS, our ability to identify early patients and predict outcomes remains limited. The development of novel biomarkers is crucial. In this study, we profiled microRNA (miRNA) expression of plasma-derived exosomes in ARDS disease by small RNA sequencing. Sequencing of 8 ARDS patients and 10 healthy subjects (HSs) allowed to identify 12 differentially expressed exosomal miRNAs (adjusted p < 0.05). Pathway analysis of their predicted targets revealed enrichment in several biological processes in agreement with ARDS pathophysiology, such as inflammation, immune cell activation, and fibrosis. By quantitative RT-PCR, we validated the alteration of nine exosomal miRNAs in an independent cohort of 15 ARDS patients and 20 HSs, among which seven present high capability in discriminating ARDS patients from HSs (area under the curve > 0.8) (miR-130a-3p, miR-221-3p, miR-24-3p, miR-98-3p, Let-7d-3p, miR-1273a, and miR-193a-5p). These findings highlight exosomal miRNA dysregulation in the plasma of ARDS patients which provide promising diagnostic biomarkers and open new perspectives for the development of therapeutics. [less ▲]

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See detailDissociation between 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission computed tomography, ultrasound and clinical assessments in patients with non-severe rheumatoid arthritis, including remission.
Rinkin, Charline; Fosse, Pacôme; Malaise, Olivier et al

in BMC Rheumatology (2021), 5(1), 31

BACKGROUND: Inflammation of patients joints with severe disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has already been visualized and quantified by 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Inflammation of patients joints with severe disease activity of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has already been visualized and quantified by 2-[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission computed tomography ([(18)F] FDG PET/CT), but little is known about the metabolic status and its relationship with clinical and ultrasonography (US) metrology in patients with low/moderate activity or in remission. METHODS: Clinical assessments [based on 28-joint disease activity score (DAS(28)-CRP) and Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI)], [(18)F] FDG PET/CT, US and X-ray were performed on 63 RA patients classified into remission or low/moderate or severe disease activity groups. PET/CT was visually and then semi-quantitatively analysed by determining the standardized uptake value (SUV) of positive joints. RESULTS: Of the 1764 joints, 21.1% were tender only, 13.7% swollen only, 27.6% tender or swollen, 7.3% tender and swollen, 20.5% PET/CT-positive and 8.6% US-positive. PET and US measurements were correlated, albeit with poor concordance. The positive predictive value of PET/CT for clinical evaluation (tender and/or swollen) was low, whereas its negative predictive value was high. Highly significant differences were found with the number of PET/CT-positive joints and with cumulative SUV between "severe" and "non-severe" patients (including those in remission and those with low/moderate activity) and not between those classified as "remission" and "non-remission" or "remission" and "low/moderate activity". Moreover, the correlation between PET/CT measurements and clinical activity was positive only in the CDAI severe disease group. In patients in remission or with low/moderate activity, only 20-30% of joints were PET/CT-negative. In remission, PET/CT and US were positive in different joints, and PET/CT-positive but US-negative joints mainly exhibited RA (38.1%) or normal (49.2%) and not osteoarthritic (12.7%) X-ray patterns. CONCLUSIONS: [(18)F] FDG PET/CT was effective at distinguishing patients with severely active disease from other patients. In non-severe RA patients, including those in remission, PET/CT results are discordant from US and clinical observations. A longitudinal analysis is needed to explore the clinical relevance of such infra-clinical disease. [less ▲]

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See detailCartilage Biomarkers Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO2 Are Associated with Knee OA MRI Features and Are Helpful in Identifying Patients at Risk of Disease Worsening
Hick, A.-C.; Malaise, Michel ULiege; Loeuille, D. et al

in Cartilage (2021)

Objective: To assess the cross-sectional association between serum levels of Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO2, two cartilage degradation biomarkers; the burden of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and ... [more ▼]

Objective: To assess the cross-sectional association between serum levels of Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO2, two cartilage degradation biomarkers; the burden of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features and clinical outcomes; and to evaluate the predictive value of these biomarkers on progression. Design: A total of 121 subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) were followed during 1 year with pain, function, and MRI assessment (PRODIGE study). Type II collagen-specific biomarker Coll2-1 and its nitrated form Coll2-1NO2 were directly measured in serum using immunoassays at baseline and after 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-up. Results: Serum Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO2 were correlated with several baseline knee features quantified with Whole-Organ Magnetic Resonance Imaging Score (WORMS). Coll2-1 was significantly correlated with periarticular cysts/bursitis (ρ = 0.29, P < 0.01), subarticular bone attrition (ρ = 0.25, P = 0.01), subarticular cysts (ρ = 0.24, P = 0.02), and articular cartilage integrity (ρ = 0.23, P = 0.03) WORMS subscores for the whole joint as well as with the medial femorotibial joint sum score (ρ = 0.26, P = 0.01) and medial femorotibial joint cartilage (ρ = 0.23, P = 0.02). Coll2-1NO2 correlated with WORMS total score (ρ = 0.23, P = 0.02), WORMS scores in the patellofemoral (ρ = 0.23, P = 0.02) and medial femorotibial compartments (ρ = 0.21, P = 0.03), with osteophytes scores (ρ = 0.27, P < 0.01), subarticular cysts (ρ = 0.24, P = 0.019), and intraarticular loose bodies (ρ = 0.27, P = 0.007). Baseline Coll2-1NO2 was higher in subjects with a pain worsening (426.4 pg/mL [278.04-566.95]) as compared to non-progressors (306.84 pg/mL [200.37-427.84]) over 1 year (AUC = 0.655, P = 0.015). Conclusion: Serum cartilage biomarkers Coll2-1 and Coll2-1NO2 are associated with several knee OA features quantified with WORMS. Our study also shows that the baseline value of Coll2-1NO2 is positively associated with pain worsening. © The Author(s) 2021. [less ▲]

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See detailAsthma and COPD Are Not Risk Factors for ICU Stay and Death in Case of SARS-CoV2 Infection
CALMES, Doriane ULiege; Graff, Sophie ULiege; MAES, Nathalie ULiege et al

in Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice (2021), 9(1), 160-169

BACKGROUND: Asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have more severe outcomes with viral infections than people without obstructive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Asthmatics and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have more severe outcomes with viral infections than people without obstructive disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if obstructive diseases are risk factors for intensive care unit (ICU) stay and death due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19). METHODS: We collected data from the electronic medical record from 596 adult patients hospitalized in University Hospital of Liege between March 18 and April 17, 2020, for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) infection. We classified patients into 3 groups according to the underlying respiratory disease, present before the COVID19 pandemic. RESULTS: Among patients requiring hospitalization for COVID19, asthma and COPD accounted for 9.6% and 7.7%, respectively. The proportions of asthmatics, patients with COPD, and patients without obstructive airway disease hospitalized in the ICU were 17.5%, 19.6%, and 14%, respectively. One-third of patients with COPD died during hospitalization, whereas only 7.0% of asthmatics and 13.6% of patients without airway obstruction died due to SARS-CoV2. The multivariate analysis showed that asthma, COPD, inhaled corticosteroid treatment, and oral corticosteroid treatment were not independent risk factors for ICU admission or death. Male gender (odds ratio [OR]: 1.9; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.1-3.2) and obesity (OR: 8.5; 95% CI: 5.1-14.1) were predictors of ICU admission, whereas male gender (OR 1.9; 95% CI: 1.1-3.2), older age (OR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.6-2.3), cardiopathy (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.1-3.1), and immunosuppressive diseases (OR: 3.6; 95% CI: 1.5-8.4) were independent predictors of death. CONCLUSION: Asthma and COPD are not risk factors for ICU admission and death related to SARS-CoV2 infection. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation de l’expression des alarmines et des variants A-SAA dans la polyarthrite rhumatoïde débutante
CIREGIA, Federica ULiege; Nys, Gwenael; COBRAIVILLE, Gaël ULiege et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2020, December), 87(S1), 126

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See detailMacrophage-derived exosomes attenuate fibrosis in airway epithelial cells through delivery of antifibrotic miR-142-3p
GUIOT, Julien ULiege; Cambier, Maureen ULiege; Boeckx, Amandine ULiege et al

in Thorax (2020), 75(10), 870-881

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology and cure. Recent studies have reported a dysregulation of exosomal microRNAs ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive fibrosing interstitial lung disease of unknown aetiology and cure. Recent studies have reported a dysregulation of exosomal microRNAs (miRs) in the IPF context. However, the impact of IPF-related exosomal miRs on the progression of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. Methods: Two independent cohorts were enrolled at the ambulatory care polyclinic of Liège University. Exosomes from sputum were obtained from 19 patients with IPF and 23 healthy subjects (HSs) (cohort 1), and the ones from plasma derived from 14 patients with IPF and 14 HSs (cohort 2). Exosomal miR expression was performed by quantitative reverse transcription–PCR. The functional role of exosomal miRs was assessed in vitro by transfecting miR mimics in human alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts. Results: Exosomal miR analysis showed that miR-142-3p was significantly upregulated in sputum and plasma of patients with IPF (8.06-fold, p<0.0001; 1.64 fold, p=0.008, respectively). Correlation analysis revealed a positive association between exosomal miR-142-3p and the percentage of macrophages from sputum of patients with IPF (r=0.576, p=0.012), suggesting macrophage origin of exosomal miR-142-3p upregulation. The overexpression of miR-142-3p in alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts was able to reduce the expression of transforming growth factor β receptor 1 (TGFβ-R1) and profibrotic genes. Furthermore, exosomes isolated from macrophages present antifibrotic properties due in part to the repression of TGFβ-R1 by miR-142-3p transfer in target cells. Discussion: Our results suggest that macrophage-derived exosomes may fight against pulmonary fibrosis progression via the delivery of antifibrotic miR-142–3 p to alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts. [less ▲]

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See detailExosomal Long Non-Coding RNAs in Lung Diseases
Poulet, Christophe ULiege; NJOCK, Makon-Sébastien ULiege; MOERMANS, Catherine ULiege et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2020), 21(10), 3580

Within the non-coding genome landscape, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their secretion within exosomes are a window that could further explain the regulation, the sustaining, and the spread of lung ... [more ▼]

Within the non-coding genome landscape, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and their secretion within exosomes are a window that could further explain the regulation, the sustaining, and the spread of lung diseases. We present here a compilation of the current knowledge on lncRNAs commonly found in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), asthma, Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), or lung cancers. We built interaction networks describing the mechanisms of action for COPD, asthma, and IPF, as well as private networks for H19, MALAT1, MEG3, FENDRR, CDKN2B-AS1, TUG1, HOTAIR, and GAS5 lncRNAs in lung cancers. We identified five signaling pathways targeted by these eight lncRNAs over the lung diseases mentioned above. These lncRNAs were involved in ten treatment resistances in lung cancers, with HOTAIR being itself described in seven resistances. Besides, five of them were previously described as promising biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of asthma, COPD, and lung cancers. Additionally, we describe the exosomal-based studies on H19, MALAT1, HOTAIR, GAS5, UCA1, lnc-MMP2-2, GAPLINC, TBILA, AGAP2-AS1, and SOX2-OT. This review concludes on the need for additional studies describing the lncRNA mechanisms of action and confirming their potential as biomarkers, as well as their involvement in resistance to treatment, especially in non-cancerous lung diseases. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh detection rate of osteoporosis with screening of a general hospitalized population: a 6-year study in 6406 patients in a university hospital setting.
Malaise, Olivier ULiege; Detroz, Marie ULiege; Leroy, Mathieu ULiege et al

in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2020), 21(1), 90

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a highly prevalent disease identified by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) that can be performed in an ambulatory (out-patient) or hospitalized population. We evaluated ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is a highly prevalent disease identified by Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) that can be performed in an ambulatory (out-patient) or hospitalized population. We evaluated the use of baseline in-hospital DEXA screening to identify osteoporosis in ambulatory care and hospitalized patients; we also assessed specific risk factors for osteoporosis among these populations. METHODS: We included a baseline initial DEXA from 6406 consecutive patients at our tertiary referral University Hospital. RESULTS: Osteoporosis was diagnosed in 22.3% of the study population. In univariate analysis, osteoporosis risk factors were age, fracture history and low BMI (for all 3 sites), but also corticotherapy (lumbar spine and femoral neck) and male (lumbar spine). In multivariate analysis, age, fracture history, low BMI, and male increased osteoporosis risk. In-hospital screening yielded a higher percentage of osteoporosis positive scans than ambulatory care screening (31.8% vs 18.5%, p < 0.001). In-hospital screening targeted an older and more predominantly male population with a higher fracture history. Z-scores revealed that this difference was not only due to an older age of the population and mainly concerned cortical bone. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital osteoporosis screening revealed more osteoporosis than screening in ambulatory practice and could be an additional tool to improve the identification and management of osteoporosis. In addition to typical risk factors, we identified male gender as associated with osteoporosis detection in our cohort. [less ▲]

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See detailA new nucleosomic-based model to identify and diagnose SSc-ILD
Guiot, Julien ULiege; HENKET, Monique ULiege; André, Béatrice ULiege et al

in Clinical Epigenetics (2020), 12(1), 124

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare connective tissue disease associated with rapid evolving interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), driving its mortality. Specific biomarkers associated with the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare connective tissue disease associated with rapid evolving interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD), driving its mortality. Specific biomarkers associated with the evolution of the lung disease are highly needed. We aimed to identify specific biomarkers of SSc-ILD to predict the evolution of the disease. Nucleosomes are stable DNA/protein complexes that are shed into the blood stream making them ideal candidates for biomarkers. METHODS: We studied circulating cell-free nucleosomes (cf-nucleosomes) in SSc patients, 31 with ILD (SSc-ILD) and 67 without ILD. We analyzed plasma levels for cf-nucleosomes and investigated whether global circulating nucleosome levels in association with or without other biomarkers of interest for systemic sclerosis or lung fibrosis (e.g., serum growth factors: IGFBP-1 and the MMP enzyme: MMP-9), could be suitable potential biomarkers for the correct identification of SSc-ILD disease. RESULTS: We found that H3.1 nucleosome levels were significantly higher in patients with SSc-ILD compared SSc patients without ILD (p < 0.05) and levels of MMP-9 were significantly increased in patients with SSc-ILD compared to SSc patients without ILD (p < 0.05). Conversely, IGFBP-1 was significantly reduced in patients with SSc-ILD compared to SSc without ILD (p < 0.001). The combination of cf-nucleosomes H3.1 coupled to MMP-9 and IGFBP-1 increased the sensitivity for the differential detection of SSc-ILD. High levels of accuracy were reached with this combined model: its performances are strong with 68.4% of positive predictive value and 77.2% of negative predictive value for 90% of specificity. With our model, we identified a significant negative correlation with FVC % pred (r = -0.22) and TLC % pred (r = -0.31). The value of our model at T1 (baseline) has a predictive power over the Rodnan score at T2 (after 6-18 months), showed by a significant linear regression with R2 = 19% (p = 0.013). We identified in the sole group of SSc-ILD patients a significant linear regression with a R2 = 54.4% with the variation of DLCO between T1 and T2 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In our study, we identified a new blood-based model with nucleosomic biomarker in order to diagnose SSc-ILD in a SSc cohort. This model is correlated with TLC and FVC at baseline and predictive of the skin evolution and the DLCO. Further longitudinal exploration studies should be performed in order to evaluate the potential of such diagnostic and predictive model. [less ▲]

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See detailProteins involved in the endoplasmic reticulum stress are modulated in synovitis of osteoarthritis, chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy and rheumatoid arthritis, and correlate with the histological inflammatory score
de Seny, Dominique ULiege; Bianchi, Elettra ULiege; Baiwir, Dominique ULiege et al

in Scientific Reports (2020), 10(1),

It is now well recognized that osteoarthritis (OA) synovial membrane presents inflammatory components. The aim of this work is to provide evidence that similar inflammatory mechanisms exist in synovial ... [more ▼]

It is now well recognized that osteoarthritis (OA) synovial membrane presents inflammatory components. The aim of this work is to provide evidence that similar inflammatory mechanisms exist in synovial membrane (n = 24) obtained from three pathologies presenting altogether an inflammatory gradient: OA, chronic pyrophosphate arthropathy (CPPA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Synovial biopsies were first characterized by a histological score based on synovial hyperplasia and infiltration of lymphocytes, plasma cells, polymorphonuclear and macrophages. All biopsies were also analyzed by 2D-nano-UPLC-ESI-Q-Orbitrap for protein identification and quantification. Protein levels were correlated with the histological score. Histological score was in the range of 3 to 8 for OA, 5 to 13 for CPPA and 12 to 17 for RA. Of the 4,336 proteins identified by mass spectrometry, 51 proteins were selected for their strong correlation (p < 0.001) with the histological score of which 11 proteins (DNAJB11, CALR, ERP29, GANAB, HSP90B1, HSPA1A, HSPA5, HYOU1, LMAN1, PDIA4, and TXNDC5) were involved in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Protein levels of S100A8 and S100A9 were significantly higher in RA compared to OA (for both) or to CPPA (for S100A8 only) and also significantly correlated with the histological score. Eighteen complement component proteins were identified, but only C1QB and C1QBP were weakly correlated with the histological score. This study highlights the inflammatory gradient existing between OA, CPPA and RA synovitis either at the protein level or at the histological level. Inflamed synovitis was characterized by the overexpression of ER stress proteins. © 2020, The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailDid Osteoblastic Cell Therapy Improve the Prognosis of Prefracture Osteonecrosis of the Femoral Head? A Randomized, Controlled Trial
HAUZEUR, Jean-Philippe ULiege; LECHANTEUR, Chantal ULiege; BAUDOUX, Etienne ULiege et al

in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research (2020), 478

Background In patients with nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), implantation of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) could delay the progression of osteonecrosis and improve symptoms ... [more ▼]

Background In patients with nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), implantation of bone marrow aspirate concentrate (BMAC) could delay the progression of osteonecrosis and improve symptoms in pre-fractureONFH. However, the BMAC content, especially in osteoblastic stem cells, could have an important individual variability. [less ▲]

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