Publications of Philippe DELVENNE
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See detailFibroblast-derived prolargin is a tumor suppressor in hepatocellular carcinoma.
Chiavarina, Barbara; Ronca, Roberto; Otaka, Yukihiro et al

in Oncogene (2022)

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are important constituents of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are major drivers of tumorigenesis. Yet, therapies aiming at eliminating CAF have failed to cure ... [more ▼]

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) are important constituents of the tumor microenvironment (TME) and are major drivers of tumorigenesis. Yet, therapies aiming at eliminating CAF have failed to cure patients. This setback has raised questions regarding whether CAF exclusively favour cancer progression, or if they may also assume tumor-suppressor functions. In the present study, we used proteomics and single cell RNA-sequencing analysis to examine the CAF landscape in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We thereby unveil three major CAF populations in HCC, one of which specifically expressing the prolargin protein. This CAF subpopulation (further termed as CAF_Port) shared a strong transcriptomic signature with portal liver fibroblasts. We further show that CAF_Port deposit prolargin in the TME and that its levels are lower in tumors as compared to the peritumoral region. Mechanistically, aggressive cancer cells degraded prolargin using matrix metalloprotease activity. Survival analysis of 188 patients revealed that high prolargin protein levels correlate with good patient outcome (HR = 0.37; p = 0.01). In vivo, co-injection of cancer cells with fibroblasts silenced for prolargin, led to faster tumor development (5-fold; p = 0.01), mainly due to stronger angiogenesis. Using protein-protein interaction study and structural modelling, we further demonstrate that prolargin binds and inhibits the activity of several pro-agiogenic proteins, including hepatocyte and fibroblast growth factors. In conclusion, prolargin is angiogenesis modulator and CAF-derived tumor suppressor in HCC. Stabilizing prolargin levels in the CAF_Port subpopulation may revert their tumor-antagonizing properties, warranting exploration in further pre-clinical studies. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Proteins Contributing to Immune Cell Infiltration and Pannus Formation of Synovial Membrane from Arthritis Diseases
DE SENY, Dominique ULiege; Baiwir, Dominique ULiege; BIANCHI, Elettra ULiege et al

in International Journal of Molecular Sciences (2021), 23(1), 434

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See detailUnusual intra-rectal “laterally spreading tumour” in immunosuppressed patient with ulcerative colitis
VIEUJEAN, Sophie ULiege; LATOUR, Pascale ULiege; COIMBRA MARQUES, Carla ULiege et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2021)

Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a manifestation of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection which usually occurs in genital and perianal regions. We report a 46-year-old man with an ulcerative proctitis ... [more ▼]

Condyloma acuminatum (CA) is a manifestation of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection which usually occurs in genital and perianal regions. We report a 46-year-old man with an ulcerative proctitis diagnosed four years earlier, asymptomatic for a long time under azathioprine but without any follow-up for three years. A colonoscopy was performed prior to potential immunosuppressive treatment discontinuation and showed a circumferential “laterally spreading tumour” in the rectum. Surprisingly biopsies revealed a CA with a very focally high-grade intra-epithelial lesion. Azathioprine was stopped and a transanal surgical resection was performed. At guided anamnesis, patient confirmed to be a former active “men who have sex with men”. No recurrence of proctitis occurred despite azathioprine discontinuation. A retrospective review of the histological sections suggests that it was, in fact, an intestinal spirochetosis misdiagnosed as inflammatory bowel disease. Involvement of the rectal mucosa by HPV is a rare condition and this may have been promoted by inappropriate immunosuppressive treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential Role of Epithelial Protein Disulphide Isomerases in Crohn’s Disease Fibrosis
VIEUJEAN, Sophie ULiege; Hu, Shurong; Bequet, Emeline ULiege et al

Poster (2021, July)

Background and aims: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD) characterized by an accumulation of fibroblasts differentiating into activated myofibroblasts secreting excessive ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD) characterized by an accumulation of fibroblasts differentiating into activated myofibroblasts secreting excessive extracellular matrix. In in-vitro experiments, this myofibroblastic differentiation is elicited by a whole series of factors among which transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) seems to play a key role. The potential role of the intestinal epithelium in this fibrotic process remains poorly defined. Methods: We performed a pilot proteomic study comparing the proteome of surface epithelium isolated by laser-capture microdissection in normal and fibrotic zones of resected ileal CD strictures (13 zones collected in 5 patients). The pro-fibrotic role of selected epithelial proteins was investigated through in-vitro experiments using HT-29 epithelial cells and a CCD-18Co fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation model. Results: Proteomic study revealed an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress proteins increase in the epithelium of CD ileal fibrotic strictures, including Anterior gradient protein 2 homolog (AGR2), Protein disulphide isomerase A6 (PDIA6) and Endoplasmic reticulum resident protein 44 (ERP44) which are 3 protein disulphide isomerases. In HT-29 cells, tunicamycin-induced ER stress triggered AGR2, PDIA6, ERP44 as well as TGF β1 intracellular expression and their secretion. Supernatant of these HT-29 cells, pre-conditioned by tunicamycin (Tm), led to a myofibroblastic differentiation when applied on CCD-18Co fibroblasts. The application of blocking agents for AGR2, PDIA6, ERP44 or TGF β1 in the supernatant of these Tm pre conditioned HT-29 cells, attenuated the myofibroblastic differentiation induced by this supernatant, suggesting a pro-fibrotic role of these secreted epithelial proteins. Conclusions: The development of CD fibrotic strictures may involve ER stress in epithelial cells, releasing a whole set of proteins into their environment, including AGR2, PDIA6, ERP44 as well as TGF-β1, which could exercise a pro-fibrotic role through a paracrine action. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential Role of Epithelial Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress and Anterior Gradient Protein 2 Homolog in Crohn’s Disease Fibrosis
VIEUJEAN, Sophie ULiege; Hu, Shurong; Bequet, Emeline ULiege et al

in Journal of Crohn's and Colitis (2021)

Background and aims: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD). It is characterised by an accumulation of fibroblasts differentiating into myofibroblasts secreting excessive ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD). It is characterised by an accumulation of fibroblasts differentiating into myofibroblasts secreting excessive extracellular matrix. The potential role of the intestinal epithelium in this fibrotic process remains poorly defined. Methods: We performed a pilot proteomic study comparing the proteome of surface epithelium, isolated by laser-capture microdissection, in normal and fibrotic zones of resected ileal CD strictures (13 zones collected in 5 patients). Proteins of interests were validated by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in ileal and colonic samples of stricturing CD (n=44), pure inflammatory CD (n=29) and control (n=40) subjects. The pro-fibrotic role of one selected epithelial protein was investigated through in-vitro experiments using HT-29 epithelial cells and a CCD-18Co fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation model. Results: Proteomic study revealed an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress proteins increase in the epithelium of CD ileal fibrotic strictures, including Anterior gradient protein 2 homolog (AGR2) and Binding-immunoglobulin protein (BiP). This was confirmed by IHC. In HT-29 cells, tunicamycin-induced ER stress triggered AGR2 intracellular expression and its secretion. Supernatant of these HT-29 cells, pre-conditioned by tunicamycin, led to a myofibroblastic differentiation when applied on CCD-18Co fibroblasts. By using recombinant protein and blocking agent for AGR2, we demonstrated that the secretion of this protein by epithelial cells can play a role in the myofibroblastic differentiation. Conclusions: The development of CD fibrotic strictures could involve epithelial ER stress and particularly the secretion of AGR2. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential Role of Epithelial Protein Disulphide Isomerases in Crohn’s Disease Fibrosis
Vieujean, Sophie ULiege; Hu, Shurong; Bequet, Emeline ULiege et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2021, March 03)

Background and aims: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD) characterized by an accumulation of fibroblasts differentiating into activated myofibroblasts secreting excessive ... [more ▼]

Background and aims: Intestinal fibrosis is a common complication of Crohn’s disease (CD) characterized by an accumulation of fibroblasts differentiating into activated myofibroblasts secreting excessive extracellular matrix. In in-vitro experiments, this myofibroblastic differentiation is elicited by a whole series of factors among which transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) seems to play a key role. The potential role of the intestinal epithelium in this fibrotic process remains poorly defined. Methods: We performed a pilot proteomic study comparing the proteome of surface epithelium isolated by laser-capture microdissection in normal and fibrotic zones of resected ileal CD strictures (13 zones collected in 5 patients). The pro-fibrotic role of selected epithelial proteins was investigated through in-vitro experiments using HT-29 epithelial cells and a CCD-18Co fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation model. Results: Proteomic study revealed an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress proteins increase in the epithelium of CD ileal fibrotic strictures, including Anterior gradient protein 2 homolog (AGR2), Protein disulphide isomerase A6 (PDIA6) and Endoplasmic reticulum resident protein 44 (ERP44) which are 3 protein disulphide isomerases. In HT-29 cells, tunicamycin-induced ER stress triggered AGR2, PDIA6, ERP44 as well as TGF β1 intracellular expression and their secretion. Supernatant of these HT-29 cells, pre-conditioned by tunicamycin (Tm), led to a myofibroblastic differentiation when applied on CCD-18Co fibroblasts. The application of blocking agents for AGR2, PDIA6, ERP44 or TGF β1 in the supernatant of these Tm pre conditioned HT-29 cells, attenuated the myofibroblastic differentiation induced by this supernatant, suggesting a pro-fibrotic role of these secreted epithelial proteins. Conclusions: The development of CD fibrotic strictures may involve ER stress in epithelial cells, releasing a whole set of proteins into their environment, including AGR2, PDIA6, ERP44 as well as TGF-β1, which could exercise a pro-fibrotic role through a paracrine action. [less ▲]

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See detailCOVID-19-associated nephropathy includes tubular necrosis and capillarycongestion, with evidence of SARS-CoV-2 in the nephron
BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULiege; ERPICUM, Pauline ULiege; GROSCH, Stéphanie ULiege et al

in Kidney International (2021)

Background: Kidney damage has been reported in patients with COVID-19. Despite numerous reports about COVID-19-associated nephropathy, the factual presence of the SARS-CoV-2 in the renal parenchyma ... [more ▼]

Background: Kidney damage has been reported in patients with COVID-19. Despite numerous reports about COVID-19-associated nephropathy, the factual presence of the SARS-CoV-2 in the renal parenchyma remains controversial. Methods: We consecutively performed 16 immediate (≤3h) post-mortem renal biopsies in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Kidney samples from 5 patients who died from sepsis not related to COVID-19 were used as controls. Samples were methodically evaluated by 3 pathologists. Virus detection in the renal parenchyma was performed in all samples by bulk RNA RT-PCR (E and N1/N2 genes), immunostaining (nCoV2019 N-Protein), fluorescent in situ hybridization (nCoV2019-S) and electron microscopy. Results: The mean age of our COVID-19 cohort was 68.2±12.8 years, most of whom were males (68.7%). Proteinuria was observed in 53.3% of cases, while acute kidney injury occurred in 60% of cases. Acute tubular necrosis of variable severity was found in all cases, with no tubular or interstitial inflammation. There was no difference in acute tubular necrosis severity between the patients with COVID-19 versus controls. Congestion in glomerular and peri tubular capillaries was respectively observed in 56.3 and 87.5% of patients with COVID-19 compared to 20% of controls, with no evidence of thrombi. The nCoV2019 N-Protein was detected in proximal tubules and also at the basolateral pole of scattered cells of the distal tubules in 9/16 cases. In situ hybridization confirmed these findings in 6/16 cases. RT-PCR of kidney total RNA detected SARS-CoV-2 E and N1/N2 genes in one case. Electron microscopy did not show typical viral inclusions. Conclusions: Our immediate post-mortem kidney samples from patients with COVID-19 highlight a congestive pattern of acute kidney injury, with no significant glomerular or interstitial inflammation. Immunostaining and in situ hybridization suggest that SARS-CoV-2 is present in various segments of the nephron. [less ▲]

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See detailSolute carrier family 12 member 2 as a proteomic and histological biomarker of dysplasia and neoplasia in ulcerative colitis.
Merli, Angela-Maria ULiege; Vieujean, Sophie ULiege; MASSOT, Charlotte ULiege et al

in Journal of Crohn's & colitis (2021), 15(2), 287-297

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients have a greater risk of developing colorectal cancer through inflammation-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence of transformation. The histopathological ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ulcerative colitis (UC) patients have a greater risk of developing colorectal cancer through inflammation-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence of transformation. The histopathological diagnosis of dysplasia is therefore of critical clinical relevance, but dysplasia may be difficult to distinguish from inflammatory changes. METHODS: A proteomic pilot study on 5 UC colorectal dysplastic patients highlighted proteins differentially distributed between paired dysplastic, inflammatory and normal tissues. The best candidate marker was selected and immunohistochemistry confirmation was performed on AOM/DSS mouse model lesions, 37 UC dysplasia, 14 UC cancers, 23 longstanding UC, 35 sporadic conventional adenomas, 57 sporadic serrated lesions and 82 sporadic colorectal cancers. RESULTS: Differential proteomics found 11 proteins significantly more abundant in dysplasia compared to inflammation, including Solute carrier family 12 member 2 (SLC12A2) which was confidently identified with 8 specific peptides and was below the limit of quantitation in both inflammatory and normal colon. SLC12A2 immunohistochemical analysis confirmed the discrimination of preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions from inflammatory lesions in mice, UC and in sporadic contexts. A specific SLC12A2 staining pattern termed "loss of gradient" reached 89% sensitivity, 95% specificity and 92% accuracy for UC-dysplasia diagnosis together with an inter-observer agreement of 95.24% (multirater κfree of 0.90; IC95%: 0.78 - 1.00). Such discrimination could not be obtained by Ki67 staining. This specific pattern was also associated with sporadic colorectal adenomas and cancers. CONCLUSIONS: We found a specific SLC12A2 immunohistochemical staining pattern in precancerous and cancerous colonic UC-lesions which could be helpful for diagnosing dysplasia and cancer in UC and non-UC patients. [less ▲]

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See detailSARS-CoV-2 in carotid body
LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULiege; Davenne, Eric ULiege; MACLOT, Francois ULiege et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2021)

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See detailClinical course and challenging management of early COVID-19 infection after heart transplantation: case report of two patients
TCHANA-SATO, Vincent ULiege; ANCION, Arnaud ULiege; TRIDETTI, Julien ULiege et al

in BMC Infectious Diseases (2021)

Background: There are limited data on Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in solid organ transplant patients, especially in heart transplant recipients, with only a few case reports and case series ... [more ▼]

Background: There are limited data on Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in solid organ transplant patients, especially in heart transplant recipients, with only a few case reports and case series described so far. Heart transplant recipients may be at particular high risk due to their comorbidities and immunosuppressed state. Case presentation: This report describes the clinical course and the challenging management of early COVID-19infection in two heart transplant recipients who tested positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus in the perioperative period of the transplant procedure. The two patients developed a severe form of the disease and ultimately died despite the initiation of an antiviral monotherapy with hydroxychloroquine coupled with the interruption of mycophenolate mofetil. Conclusions: These two cases illustrate the severity and poor prognosis of COVID-19 in the perioperative period of a heart transplant. Thorough screening of donors and recipients is mandatory, and the issue of asymptomatic carriers needs to be addressed. [less ▲]

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See detailMetastatic colorectal cancer cells maintain the TGFβ program and use TGFBI to fuel angiogenesis.
Chiavarina, Barbara; Costanza, Brunella ULiege; Ronca, Roberto et al

in Theranostics (2021), 11(4), 1626-1640

Colorectal cancer (CRC) cells are traditionally considered unresponsive to TGFβ due to mutations in the receptors and/or downstream signaling molecules. TGFβ influences CRC cells only indirectly via ... [more ▼]

Colorectal cancer (CRC) cells are traditionally considered unresponsive to TGFβ due to mutations in the receptors and/or downstream signaling molecules. TGFβ influences CRC cells only indirectly via stromal cells, such as cancer-associated fibroblasts. However, CRC cell ability to directly respond to TGFβ currently remains unexplored. This represents a missed opportunity for diagnostic and therapeutic interventions. Methods: We examined whether cancer cells from primary CRC and liver metastases respond to TGFβ by inducing TGFβ-induced protein ig-h3 (TGFBI) expression, and the contribution of canonical and non-canonical TGFβ signaling pathways to this effect. We then investigated in vitro and in vivo TGFBI impact on metastasis formation and angiogenesis. Using patient serum samples and an orthotopic mouse model of CRC liver metastases we assessed the diagnostic/tumor targeting value of novel antibodies against TGFBI. Results: Metastatic CRC cells, such as circulating tumor cells, directly respond to TGFβ. These cells were characterized by the absence of TGFβ receptor mutations and the frequent presence of p53 mutations. The pro-tumorigenic program orchestrated by TGFβ in CRC cells was mediated through TGFBI, the expression of which was positively regulated by non-canonical TGFβ signaling cascades. TGFBI inhibition was sufficient to significantly reduce liver metastasis formation in vivo. Moreover, TGFBI pro-tumorigenic function was linked to its ability to stimulate angiogenesis. TGFBI levels were higher in serum samples from untreated patients with CRC than in patients who were receiving chemotherapy. A radiolabeled anti-TGFBI antibody selectively targeted metastatic lesions in vivo, underscoring its diagnostic and therapeutic potential. Conclusions: TGFβ signaling in CRC cells directly contributes to their metastatic potential and stromal cell-independence. Proteins downstream of activated TGFβ, such as TGFBI, represent novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets for more specific anti-metastatic therapies. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification and Quantitation of Neutrophil Extracellular Traps in Human Tissue Sections.
Radermecker, Coraline ULiege; Hego, Alexandre ULiege; Delvenne, Philippe ULiege et al

in Bio-protocol (2021), 11(18), 4159

Neutrophils are one of the first innate immune cells recruited to tissues during inflammation. An important function of neutrophils relies on their ability to release extracellular structures, known as ... [more ▼]

Neutrophils are one of the first innate immune cells recruited to tissues during inflammation. An important function of neutrophils relies on their ability to release extracellular structures, known as Neutrophil Extracellular Traps or NETs, into their environment. Detecting such NETs in humans has often proven challenging for both biological fluids and tissues; however, this can be achieved by quantitating NET components (e.g., DNA or granule/histone proteins) or by directly visualizing them by microscopy, respectively. Direct visualization by confocal microscopy is preferably performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue sections stained with a fluorescent DNA dye and antibodies directed against myeloperoxidase (MPO) and citrullinated histone 3 (Cit-H3), two components of NETs, following paraffin removal, antigen retrieval, and permeabilization. NETs are defined as extracellular structures that stain double-positive for MPO and Cit-H3. Here, we propose a novel software-based objective method for NET volume quantitation in tissue sections based on the measurement of the volume of structures exhibiting co-localization of Cit-H3 and MPO outside the cell. Such a technique not only allows the unambiguous identification of NETs in tissue sections but also their quantitation and relationship with surrounding tissues. Graphic abstract: Graphical representation of the methodology used to stain and quantitate NETs in human lung tissue. [less ▲]

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See detailCancer immunotherapy: it’s time to better predict patients’ response
Pilard, Charlotte ULiege; Ancion, Marie ULiege; Delvenne, Philippe ULiege et al

in British Journal of Cancer (2021), 125(7)

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See detailRegular Dietary Intake of Palmitate Causes Vascular and Valvular Calcification in a Rabbit Model.
Donis, Nathalie ULiege; Jiang, Zheshen ULiege; D'Emal, Céline ULiege et al

in Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine (2021), 8

Aims: Palmitic acid (PA) and oleic acid (OA) are two main dietary fatty acids. Dietary intake of PA has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk, and the effect of OA remains uncertain. Our study ... [more ▼]

Aims: Palmitic acid (PA) and oleic acid (OA) are two main dietary fatty acids. Dietary intake of PA has been associated with cardiovascular disease risk, and the effect of OA remains uncertain. Our study aimed to assess the effect of a short-term intake of lard, as source of PA and OA, on aorta and aortic valve. Methods and Results: Rabbits were fed with two lard-enriched diets, containing either elevated levels of PA or of both PA and OA as compared to chow diet. After 16 weeks of each diet, calcification was observed in the aortic intima and in the aortic valve. The extent of calcification did not differ between the two diets. In contrast, rabbits fed chow diet did not develop any calcification. In blood, PA enrichment resulted in decreased lymphocyte and monocyte counts and increased levels of hemoglobin and haematocrit. Levels of the calcification inhibitor fetuin-A were also diminished, whereas creatinine levels were raised. Of note, none of the diets changed cholesterol levels in LDL or HDL. Comprehensive quantitative lipidomics analysis identified diet-related changes in plasma lipids. Dietary PA enrichment led to a drop of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), in particular of linoleic acid in cholesteryl esters, triglycerides and diacylglycerols (DAG). Ratios of PA to 18-carbon PUFA in DAG were positively correlated with the extent of aortic valve calcification, and inversely with monocyte counts. PA content in blood correlated with aorta calcification. Conclusions: Regular dietary PA intake induces vascular and valvular calcification independently of traditional risk factors. Our findings raise awareness about PA-rich food consumption and its potential deleterious effect on cardiovascular health. [less ▲]

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See detailDual‑specificity phosphatase 3 deletion promotes obesity, non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma
Jacques, Sophie ULiege; Arjomand, Arash ULiege; Perée, Hélène ULiege et al

in Scientific Reports (2021), 11

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic hepatic pathology in Western countries. It encompasses a spectrum of conditions ranging from simple steatosis to more severe and ... [more ▼]

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common chronic hepatic pathology in Western countries. It encompasses a spectrum of conditions ranging from simple steatosis to more severe and progressive non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) that can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Obesity and related metabolic syndrome are important risk factors for the development of NAFLD, NASH and HCC. DUSP3 is a small dual-specificity protein phosphatase with a poorly known physiological function. We investigated its role in metabolic syndrome manifestations and in HCC using a mouse knockout (KO) model. While aging, DUSP3-KO mice became obese, exhibited insulin resistance, NAFLD and associated liver damage. These phenotypes were exacerbated under high fat diet (HFD). In addition, DEN administration combined to HFD led to rapid HCC development in DUSP3-KO compared to wild type (WT) mice. DUSP3-KO mice had more serum triglycerides, cholesterol, AST and ALT compared to control WT mice under both regular chow diet (CD) and HFD. The level of fasting insulin was higher compared to WT mice, though, fasting glucose as well as glucose tolerance were normal. At the molecular level, HFD led to decreased expression of DUSP3 in WT mice. DUSP3 deletion was associated with increased and consistent phosphorylation of the insulin receptor (IR) and with higher activation of the downstream signaling pathway. In conclusion, our results support a new role for DUSP3 in obesity, insulin resistance, NAFLD and liver damage. [less ▲]

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See detailPCIP-seq: simultaneous sequencing of integrated viral genomes and their integration sites with long reads
Artesi, Maria ULiege; Hahaut, Vincent ULiege; Cole, Basiel et al

in Genome Biology (2021), 22

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See detailTreatment algorithm and prognostic factors for patients with stage I–III carcinoma of the anal canal: a 20-year multicenter study
Bruyère, Diane ULiege; Monnien, Franck; Colpart, Prudence et al

in Modern Pathology (2021), 34

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See detailNeutrophil extracellular traps infiltrate the lung airway, interstitial, and vascular compartments in severe COVID-19
Radermecker, Coraline ULiege; Detrembleur, Nancy ULiege; Guiot, Julien ULiege et al

in Journal of Experimental Medicine (2020), 217(12),

Infection with SARS-CoV-2 is causing a deadly and pandemic disease called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). While SARS-CoV-2-triggered hyperinflammatory tissue-damaging and immunothrombotic responses are ... [more ▼]

Infection with SARS-CoV-2 is causing a deadly and pandemic disease called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). While SARS-CoV-2-triggered hyperinflammatory tissue-damaging and immunothrombotic responses are thought to be major causes of respiratory failure and death, how they relate to lung immunopathological changes remains unclear. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) can contribute to inflammation-associated lung damage, thrombosis, and fibrosis. However, whether NETs infiltrate particular compartments in severe COVID-19 lungs remains to be clarified. Here we analyzed postmortem lung specimens from four patients who succumbed to COVID-19 and four patients who died from a COVID-19-unrelated cause. We report the presence of NETs in the lungs of each COVID-19 patient. NETs were found in the airway compartment and neutrophil-rich inflammatory areas of the interstitium, while NET-prone primed neutrophils were present in arteriolar microthrombi. Our results support the hypothesis that NETs may represent drivers of severe pulmonary complications of COVID-19 and suggest that NET-targeting approaches could be considered for the treatment of uncontrolled tissue-damaging and thrombotic responses in COVID-19. © 2020 Radermecker et al. This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike-No Mirror Sites license for the first six months after the publication date (see http://www.rupress.org/terms/). After six months it is available under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International license, as described at https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/). [less ▲]

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