Publications of Nicolas Antoine-Moussiaux
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See detailEpidémiologie de la rage et connaissance, attitudes et pratiques des communautés au Burkina Faso
Savadogo, Madi ULiege; Koné, Philippe; Dahourou, Laibané Dieudonné et al

in Revue d'Élevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2020), 73

Rabies is an endemic zoonosis in developing countries and is one of the most virulent and deadly viral diseases. It is a threat to public and animal health in Burkina Faso. This cross-sectional study ... [more ▼]

Rabies is an endemic zoonosis in developing countries and is one of the most virulent and deadly viral diseases. It is a threat to public and animal health in Burkina Faso. This cross-sectional study describes the epidemiology of rabies and the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of the populations in Ouagadougou. Data were collected from households and technical services involved in the prevention, control and surveillance of human and animal rabies. The KAP survey was conducted among 616 households. It showed that the majority of participants had heard of human (80.7%) and animal (94.6%) rabies, were aware that the disease is mainly transmitted by infected dog bites (94.2%), and were able to quote at least two routes of rabies transmission (65.7%). In contrast, only 9.7% of dog owners claimed to be able to afford annual canine rabies vaccination. The main channels of information and communication about rabies used by the participants were friends and family (41.8%), school (33.4%), and media 24.8%). As for the retrospective epidemiological study, which was based on the documents vailable within national services, it showed that an average of 4172 cases of bites were recorded each year, that only 31.7% of those bitten had received complete post-exposure prophylaxis, and that 68% of the animal tested were positive for rabies virus. These studies confirm the presence of a rabies risk in the country, and show the need for increased education and community involvement, and close collaboration between the animal and human health sectors for integrated bite-case management. [less ▲]

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See detailReproductive performances of local pigs in West African countries: A review
Dotché, I. O.; Bonou, G. A.; Dahouda, M. et al

in Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research (2020), 10(1), 49-55

The local pig is reared in all West Africa countries, and especially in small farms, playing so an important role in its preservation. This article reviews work done on reproductive performances of local ... [more ▼]

The local pig is reared in all West Africa countries, and especially in small farms, playing so an important role in its preservation. This article reviews work done on reproductive performances of local pigs in West Africa. These performances focus on age at puberty, estrus and sex cycle, gestation length, pro-lificity, viability and growth before piglets weaning. Factors that can influence these parameters are included. Finally, the contribution of animal biotechnology to these performances improvement is discussed. © 2011-2020 JAVR. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of preferences of agro-pastoralists for the attributes of traction dromedaries in harness cultivation: A case study of the Koro district of Mali
Traoré, Bakary ULiege; Govoeyi, Benoît ULiege; Hamadou, Issa et al

in Pastoralism (2019), 9(19),

The aim of this study was to characterize agro-pastoralists’ preferences in dromedary rearing in the Koro district of Mali, which has experienced a decade of spontaneous development in using dromedaries ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to characterize agro-pastoralists’ preferences in dromedary rearing in the Koro district of Mali, which has experienced a decade of spontaneous development in using dromedaries for harnessed cultivation. Five criteria for assessment of dromedary types used for traction were identified through nine focus group discussions. The assessment criteria developed and estimated rates were the morphological characteristics (23.2%), disease resistance (14.1%), work attitude (26.3%), colour of the coat (25.3%) and docility (11.1%). A multi-attribute analysis method was applied with 115 dromedary owners. Conditional logit was used to estimate utility function and willingness to pay (WTP) for different attributes. Work attitude seems to be an important parameter for decision-making with a WTP amounting to 558.94 euros (614.94 USD). Disease resistance comes second position in decision-making for the selection of dromedaries, with a WTP of 348.77 euros (383.40 USD). To a lesser extent, the white coat with a WTP in the order of 54.45 euros (59.86 USD) intervenes in agro-pastoral decision-making. The agro-pastoralists have a strong reluctance for the dark brown coat. In conclusion, the present results showed that further studies should be conducted on materials and traction technologies to promote harnessed cultivation by dromedaries to preserve and strengthen the multi-functional nature of the dromedary. [less ▲]

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See detailFactors affecting the decision of vaccinating dogs in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
Savadogo, Madi ULiege; Ouattara, Boris; Tialla, Dieudonné et al

Poster (2019, November 08)

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See detailPhenotypic parameters affecting reproduction and production performances of dairy cattle in peri-urban of Bamako, Mali
Touré, Abdoulaye ULiege; Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULiege; Geda, Fikremariam et al

in Veterinary World (2019), 12(6),

Aim: The present study was conducted to evaluate the reproduction and production performances of crossbred and local dairy cattle in peri-urban of Bamako, the capital of Mali. Materials and Methods: A ... [more ▼]

Aim: The present study was conducted to evaluate the reproduction and production performances of crossbred and local dairy cattle in peri-urban of Bamako, the capital of Mali. Materials and Methods: A total of 17 randomly selected households with 450 dairy cattle from four peri-urban of Bamako were individually interviewed, given register format and divided into four focus group discussions. The participants were dairy farmers and they were asked to know the phenotype that seems to them the more interesting for the reproduction and production performances of their dairy cattle. Results: The calving interval (CI) obtained exceeded 433 days in all phenotypic types with average milk yields of 5.13±1.84 kg/day, 4.76±2.41, and 3.05±1.32 kg/day, respectively, for the Holstein crossbred, Montbeliard crossbred, and the local breeds (Zebu Peul and/or Zebu Maure). Crossbred was more productive than local breeds with significant (p<0.05) differences for lactation length, CI and total production and not significant on parity. The results also showed the advantages of the crossbred cows in terms of CI (460±80 days) compared to local zebus breeds (433±115 days) to keep the time of milking as long as possible. However, the Zebu Azawak breed whose cradle is located in Northern Mali, managed under extensive peri-urban rearing conditions, has less favorable production parameters than those of other local cattle breeds in milk production (636±43.3 kg vs. 681±41.1 kg). Conclusion: The present study revealed that crossbred dairy cattle performed better in terms of CI, lactation length, and production compared to the local breeds. The study also showed that the local Azawak breed numerically performed less compared to the other local breeds evaluated in this study, namely, Peul and Maure. [less ▲]

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See detailValuing breeders' preferences in the conservation of the Koundoum sheep in Niger by multi-attribute analysis
Hamadou, I.; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Siddo, S. et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht (2019), 62(2), 537-545

This study characterises farmer's preferences for breeding rams and tackles their willingness to contribute to the Koundoum sheep conservation programme through their quantified appreciation of the main ... [more ▼]

This study characterises farmer's preferences for breeding rams and tackles their willingness to contribute to the Koundoum sheep conservation programme through their quantified appreciation of the main phenotypic features of the sheep breed in the region. The Koundoum is the main wool sheep of Niger and shows a remarkable adaptation to the environment of the Niger River valley. In Tillabéri region, i.e. the Koundoum sheep's area of origin, the proportional piling tool is first used in 11 focus group discussions of breeders to determine the main selection criteria of breeding rams. The multi-attribute analysis method is then applied with 168 sheep owners. The econometric estimation of the utility function of breeders is conducted with a conditional logit model and the marginal willingness to pay is calculated. The results reveal a strong rejection by the breeders of characteristics like wool and black-coloured coat and thus shows the poor acceptability of an in situ conservation programme. Few breeders with a particular concern for the breed's conservation for cultural motives may nevertheless join such a conservation programme that should mainly be based on ex situ strategies. © Author(s) 2019. [less ▲]

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See detailValuing health surveillance as an information system: Interdisciplinary insights
Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULiege; Vandenberg, O.; Kozlakidis, Z. et al

in Frontiers in Public Health (2019), 7(JUN),

The economic evaluation of health surveillance systems and of health information is a methodological challenge, as for information systems in general. Main present threads are considering cost ... [more ▼]

The economic evaluation of health surveillance systems and of health information is a methodological challenge, as for information systems in general. Main present threads are considering cost-effectiveness solutions, minimizing costs for a given technically required output, or cost-benefit analysis, balancing costs with economic benefits of duly informed public interventions. The latter option, following a linear command-and-control perspective, implies considering a main causal link between information, decision, action, and health benefits. Yet, valuing information, taking into account its nature and multiple sources, the modalities of its processing cycle, from production to diffusion, decentralized use and gradual building of a shared information capital, constitutes a promising challenge. This work proposes an interdisciplinary insight on the value of health surveillance to get a renewed theoretical framework integrating information and informatics theory and information economics. The reflection is based on a typological approach of value, basically distinguishing between use and non-use values. Through this structured discussion, the main idea is to expand the boundaries of surveillance evaluation, to focus on changes and trends, on the dynamic and networked structure of information systems, on the contribution of diverse data, and on the added value of combining qualitative and quantitative information. Distancing itself from the command-and-control model, this reflection considers the behavioral fundaments of many health risks, as well as the decentralized, progressive and deliberative dimension of decision-making in risk management. The framework also draws on lessons learnt from recent applications within and outside of health sector, as in surveillance of antimicrobial resistance, inter-laboratory networks, the use of big data or web sources, the diffusion of technological products and large-scale financial risks. Finally, the paper poses the bases to think the challenge of a workable approach to economic evaluation of health surveillance through a better understanding of health information value. It aims to avoid over-simplifying the range of health information benefits across society while keeping evaluation within the boundaries of what may be ascribed to the assessed information system. © 2019 Antoine-Moussiaux, Vandenberg, Kozlakidis, Aenishaenslin, Peyre, Roche, Bonnet and Ravel. [less ▲]

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See detailThe good, the bad and the ugly: framing debates on nature in a One Health community
Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULiege; Janssens de Bisthoven, L.; Leyens, S. et al

in Sustainability Science (2019)

Originating in medical and veterinary spheres, the One Health concept stands as an open call for collaboration also between these disciplines or professions and those of environmental and social science ... [more ▼]

Originating in medical and veterinary spheres, the One Health concept stands as an open call for collaboration also between these disciplines or professions and those of environmental and social science. However, the communities of practice in question show uneasy or under-developed collaborations, due to a variety of factors. We argue that an important factor is the way issues are raised and questions are formulated, i.e., their framing. Based on complementary perspectives on health and knowledge, this overview provides an inter- and trans-disciplinary analysis of the role of the framing of « nature » in One Health discourses as a barrier or a facilitator to collaboration, as revealed by the scientific literature. We find that the lack of reflection by scientists about the framing under which they operate appears as a major factor of misunderstanding between disciplines, and a barrier for inter- and trans-disciplinary solutions to improve management of health risks and benefits. Hence, to build such solutions, framing will have to be a conscious and repeated step in the process, acknowledging and explaining the diversity of viewpoints and values. The interdisciplinary dialogues inherent in this process promote translation between scientific domains, policy-makers and citizens, with a critical but pluralistic recourse to various framings of health risks and benefits associated with nature, and a deep awareness of their practical and ethical consequences. © 2019, Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature. [less ▲]

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See detailCrossbreeding and consanguinity management in pig farms in the departments of Ouémé and Plateau in Benin
Dotché, I. O.; Idohou, S.; Dahouda, M. et al

in Veterinary World (2019), 12(11), 1816-1825

Background: The improvement in pig zootechnical performances is a common practice in Benin. This improvement of the performances is made by the choice of the best reproducers in farms and the ... [more ▼]

Background: The improvement in pig zootechnical performances is a common practice in Benin. This improvement of the performances is made by the choice of the best reproducers in farms and the crossbreeding between the different breeds. Aim: This study aims to characterize practices related to consanguinity management in pigs reared in Ouémé and Plateau. Materials and Methods: Crossbreeding and consanguinity data were collected from 60 farms in these two departments. Frequencies and averages were calculated and compared between departments, genetic types, and origin of progenitors. Results: The majority of the investigated pig farmers in both departments were married men of primary or secondary education level. Most of them cross animals without a specific crossbreeding scheme. These crossings were performed to a greater extent (p<0.05) in Ouémé (94.28%) than in Plateau (52%). In general, farmers cross improved animals of high breeding values with the crossbred ones. These crossings were mainly performed to improve zootechnical performances. Renewing animals were commonly chosen from the farm or were provided from nearby farms. The majority of pig breeders in Ouémé (100%) and Plateau (86.67%) obtained reproductive animals from nearby farms. Males and females were sometimes bought from the same farm or from farms that pig breeders have sold reproductive animals in the previous years. In the case of selection within their own farm, male and female progenitors are separated at puberty by the majority of the breeders of Plateau (42.11%) and Ouéme (50%). Inbred mating was reported by breeders. More than half of breeders mate animals having a parental link in both departments. The mating was performed between animals of the same mother in 37.93% of farms in Ouémé and in 45.46% in Plateau. The main consanguinity consequences mentioned by the breeders were the high mortality at birth and weaning, piglets’ weakness at the birth, the slow growth, and the decrease in litter size. Sows with at least one parent from external farm had a litter size at birth and weaning and a live-born piglets’ number significantly higher than sows with both parents from the same farm. Conclusion: Rigorous monitoring of crossing and the filial links are necessary for pig farms for ensuring the improvement of zootechnical performances. Dotché, et al. Open Access. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated. [less ▲]

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See detailA basic characterization of small-holders ’ goat production systems in Laghouat area, Algeria
Laouadi, Mourad; Tennah, Safia; Kafidi, Nacereddine et al

in Pastoralism (2018)

In order to investigate the practices of goat breeding and establish a classification of goat herds, a survey was conducted with 106 goat breeders in the semi-arid region of Laghouat. Two indigenous ... [more ▼]

In order to investigate the practices of goat breeding and establish a classification of goat herds, a survey was conducted with 106 goat breeders in the semi-arid region of Laghouat. Two indigenous breeds were encountered in this survey: the Arabia and the Mekatia; the Arabia being found as the dominant. The results show that breeders choose the breeding goats with a goal of generating more income in cash from the sale of products. The goat milk marketing chain appears to be weak. The milk produced is primary used for home consumption. A multivariate analysis categorized the goat farming of Laghouat region into three groups corresponding to three different farming systems: cluster 1 (pastoral system), cluster 2 (mixed crop-livestock system) and cluster 3 (small herds in zero grazing system). The in-depth study of the goals and contexts of goat farming in Laghouat will allow policy makers to design strategies for sustainable development of goat breeding in the region. [less ▲]

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See detailWalking at the edge of social and biomedical sciences: a fascina ng yet tricky trek!
Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULiege; Leyens, S.; Thys, S. et al

Conference (2018, May)

Complex health problems call for interdisciplinarity. However, major divides remain between disciplines, resulting in projects being split into work-packages, mostly running in silos. This communication ... [more ▼]

Complex health problems call for interdisciplinarity. However, major divides remain between disciplines, resulting in projects being split into work-packages, mostly running in silos. This communication considers lessons learnt by scientists experiencing for more than a decade interdisciplinary research. It proposes a framework for further analysis and calls for dialogue to increase added value of interdisciplinarity with a focus on social sciences and biomedical sciences. Indeed, these disciplines handle distinct topics, adopting disciplinary viewpoints requiring very different temporal and spatial scales of study. Hereafter we consider some general and common, though disputable and not exclusive, distinctions between social and natural sciences. The gaps between qualitative or quantitative research processes are a recurrent barrier. Hence, the necessary dialogue remains challenged by the diversity of practices, beliefs and epistemologies. Social sciences mostly rely on a constructivist, inductive and interpretative approach, while biomedicine provides experimental facts based on hypothetico-deductivist methods, and modeling and statistical approaches call for mathematical translation and analysis of reality. Often, debates crystalize around the conception of quality in science. Qualitative research addresses meaning, implying subjective interpretation of data collected within a defined context. On the other hand, quantitative approaches call for representativity of samples to generalize results to populations. Also, experimental science will focus on statistical significance and repeatability within controlled conditions to decontextualize knowledge. Therefore, disciplines diverge about the aptness of truth assessment, the perceived usefulness of knowledge and importance of research questions. Tradeoffs need to be made between reductionism and holism, addressing the various scales of study of disciplines. Further fostered by technical jargons and evolving conceptual frameworks, this misunderstanding leads to severe shortfalls in collaborations. Beyond the sharing of experience, a rigorous analysis of barriers, benefiting from insights from philosophy of science, is needed in order to get more value from interdisciplinary collaboration. Research impact highlights: Interdisciplinary research is needed to address complex health problems. Yet, major gaps are dividing disciplines, based on profound epistemological divergences. This causes major shortfalls in projects joining social and biomedical sciences. Based on the sharing of experience gained through participation to interdisciplinary research in diverse contexts, the present communication aims at proposing a reflection integrating insights from philosophy of science to propose further analysis and ways forward. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Bridging Role of Socio-economic Reasoning in “One Health”
Antoine-Moussiaux, Nicolas ULiege

in Bulletin des Séances de l'Académie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-Mer (2018), 64

The “One Health” concept refers to an integrative approach of health issues, emphasizing the strong interdependencies between human health, animal health and environmental health. This approach defends ... [more ▼]

The “One Health” concept refers to an integrative approach of health issues, emphasizing the strong interdependencies between human health, animal health and environmental health. This approach defends the need for interdisciplinarity, transdis- ciplinarity, and intersectorality in health risk management. As regards public and animal health, the role of economics has often been restricted to an accountancy role, mobilizing diversely sophisticated tools to model the cost of diseases, of their control, and of welfare systems. However, as a conceptual framework of decision analysis, economics may bring a lot more to health risk management. This paper deals with the foundations of a so-called socio-economic reasoning, stressing this wider contribution to “One Health” analysis and implementation. Referring to recent applications, this article advocates how the socio- economic framework may constitute an interdisciplinary bridge, linking technical and social sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailLa croissance du bovin Azawak au Niger : influence de facteurs de variation non génétiques et estimation des paramètres génétiques
Siddo, Seyni; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Hamadou, Issa et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement (2018), 22(2),

Description of the subject. The effects of both non-genetic factors and of genetic parameters on the growth traits of Azawak cattle in Niger were estimated from performance data collected on animals ... [more ▼]

Description of the subject. The effects of both non-genetic factors and of genetic parameters on the growth traits of Azawak cattle in Niger were estimated from performance data collected on animals raised in the Toukounous animal breeding station. Objectives. Following on from the results obtained, a model to predict breeding values of breeding stocks is to be developed. Method. The influence of non-genetic factors and of genetic parameters was estimated using a fixed effects linear model and a multi character animal model (REML), respectively. Results. Sex, season and year of birth, and their interactions had a significant effect (p <0.05) on weight from birth to 20 months and average daily gains from birth to 12 months (ADG12) and to 18 months (ADG18). Heritability was moderate for birth weight (0.20) and for weight at 12, 14 and 20 months (0.15 to 0.43), whereas it was higher for weight at 13 months (0.61), gradually as the interval between weighing increased. All genetic correlations were positive except those between ADG12 and weight at 17 months and between ADG12 and ADG18. Environmental correlations followed the same trends as genetic correlations. Conclusions. Heritability of weight and gains was moderate to high, indicating that an improvement in meat production could be obtained from selection according to growth performance. [less ▲]

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See detailQ method to map the diversity of stakeholder viewpoints along agricultural innovation systems: A case study on cattle genetic improvement in Niger
Siddo, Seyni; Moula, Nassim ULiege; Hamadou, Issa ULiege et al

in Archiv für Tierzucht (2018), 61(1), 143-151

The complex balance between innovation and conservation regarding animal genetic resources makes it difficult to find mutually accepted improvement pathways between breeders, government agencies, and ... [more ▼]

The complex balance between innovation and conservation regarding animal genetic resources makes it difficult to find mutually accepted improvement pathways between breeders, government agencies, and research and education institutions. This study maps stakeholder viewpoints on cattle genetic improvement in Niger using the Q method. Fifty-three statements derived from expert opinions and focus group interviews were ranked by 22 respondents along a seven-grade scale expressing their degree of approval. The Q method reveals a limited consensus on development goals, overall strategy, and the present context of operation. Beyond this consensus, three discourses are identified that express distinct attitudes regarding the balance between conservation and progress, leading to distinct strategies. The first discourse fits with a modernist vision and government strategies established in the 2000s based on exotic crossbreeding and improved purebred Azawak. The second discourse lines up with the previous livestock development strategy of Niger (before 2000) based on indigenous breeds. The third discourse represents a conservationist vision, with minor importance in the present sampling. Tentative observations are proposed on the consequences of this divide in opinions on livestock policies in Niger, including extension. The Q method appears effective in identifying the concerns of stakeholders on complex agricultural innovation topics. As a sensing tool to follow-up policy implementation in similarly complex agricultural topics, the Q method may inform adaptive extension and education strategies. © Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. [less ▲]

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See detailApproches participatives et estimation de l'acceptabilité des systèmes de surveillance : la méthode AccePT
Calba, Clémentine; Peyre, Marisal; Roger, François et al

in Épidémiologie et Santé Animale (2018), 73

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See detailGestion de l’alimentation des porcs et contraintes de l’élevage porcin au Sud-Bénin
Kiki, P.; Dahouda, M.; Toleba, Soumanou Seibou et al

in Revue d'Élevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2018), 71(1-2),

Dans le but de caractériser les pratiques d’alimentation des porcs dans les départe- ments de l’Ouémé et du Plateau au Sud-Bénin, une enquête a été réalisée auprès de 151 éleveurs de porcs. Cette étude a ... [more ▼]

Dans le but de caractériser les pratiques d’alimentation des porcs dans les départe- ments de l’Ouémé et du Plateau au Sud-Bénin, une enquête a été réalisée auprès de 151 éleveurs de porcs. Cette étude a permis d’identifier trois groupes d’éle- veurs. Le groupe 1 (32,5 % des personnes enquêtées) était composé en majorité d’éleveurs sans instruction scolaire qui élevaient beaucoup plus la race locale. Dans le groupe 2 (49,6 % des enquêtés), les éleveurs avaient en majorité le niveau d’étude primaire ou secondaire. La quasi-totalité des éleveurs de ce groupe élevait des porcs de race améliorée. Le groupe 3 (17,9 % des enquêtés) était constitué majoritairement d’éleveurs sans instruction scolaire ou d’éleveurs ayant le niveau primaire. Ces éleveurs ont opté généralement pour l’élevage des races améliorées. Les éleveurs du groupe 2 élevaient majoritairement leurs animaux dans des enclos construits en dur (61,3 %) et en semi-dur (38,6 %). Ils les nourrissaient avec une ration formulée par eux-mêmes (86,7 %). Les restes de cuisine et les résidus agri- coles, de même que les fourrages étaient davantage valorisés dans les groupes 1 (57,1 %) et 3 (55,6 %), où les éleveurs de porcs étaient principalement des agri- culteurs. Cependant, l’utilisation d’aliments complets commerciaux était plus fré- quente dans le groupe 3 (37,0 %) que dans le groupe 1. Les contraintes les plus fréquentes pour les trois groupes étaient le manque de disponibilité des aliments, l’augmentation du coût de ces aliments, et le manque de ressources financières. L’alimentation demeure une contrainte importante pour la productivité porcine au Bénin qui mérite d’être améliorée par la mise au point de formules alimentaires équilibrées selon chaque stade physiologique, et élaborée à partir des ressources alimentaires locales et bon marché. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation phénotypique des ressources génétiques porcines des départements de l’Ouémé et du Plateau au Bénin
Youssao Abdou Karim, I.; Dotché, I.; Toleba, Soumanou Seibou et al

in Revue d'Élevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux (2018), 71(1-2),

L’élevage porcin est très pratiqué au Sud-Bénin et implique une diversité de races ou de populations. L’objectif de l’étude était de caractériser les différents porcs sur le plan morphométrique et ... [more ▼]

L’élevage porcin est très pratiqué au Sud-Bénin et implique une diversité de races ou de populations. L’objectif de l’étude était de caractériser les différents porcs sur le plan morphométrique et phénotypique. Ainsi, les données phéno- typiques ont été collectées sur 149 porcs, dont 14 améliorés, 91 croisés et 44 locaux. Les porcs de type génétique local ont présenté des mesures morpho- logiques significativement inférieures (p < 0,05) à celles des porcs améliorés et des animaux issus des croisements entre les porcs améliorés et les porcs locaux. Les poils des porcs locaux étaient significativement plus courts (p < 0,05) que ceux des porcs améliorés et des croisés. La couleur de la robe a varié d’un type génétique à l’autre. La couleur la plus rencontrée a été le blanc uniforme, suivi du noir uniforme chez tous les types génétiques. Le profil de la tête était plus rectiligne chez les porcs locaux, et plus concave chez les porcs améliorés et chez les croisés. Les oreilles dressées étaient moins observées chez les croisés. Elles étaient orientées vers l’avant chez les porcs améliorés et chez les croisés alors qu’elles étaient dressées et orientées vers l’arrière chez les porcs locaux. La queue en tire-bouchon a été significativement (p < 0,05) plus présente chez les porcs améliorés que chez les porcs croisés, et elle a été plus présente chez ces derniers que chez les porcs locaux. La ligne dorsale droite a été davantage observée chez les porcs locaux et chez les croisés que chez les porcs amélio- rés chez lesquels la ligne était plus creuse. Les porcs croisés ont présenté une grande similarité avec les porcs améliorés. [less ▲]

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See detailGoat breeding in the rural district of Chemini (Algeria)
Moula, Nassim ULiege; Ait Kaki, Asma; Touazi, Leghel et al

in Nature and Technology (2017), n° 16/Janvier

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of ... [more ▼]

The Kabyle goat breed represents 10.52% of the total Algerian market (3.8 million heads). A survey of 69 farmers has been carried out in order to characterize it and its breeding in the District of Chemini. The questions focused on household agricultural activities, including breeding of goats, cattle, sheep, rabbits, chicken, turkeys, honeybees and the production of olive oil and figs. The goat morpho-biometric characterization was based on 18 corporal measurements. The Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) of the farm structures defined four groups of farms, variance between groups accounting for 55.7% of total variability. The average number of goats in groups 1 to 4 was 7.2±2.8, 11.1±3.5, 22.3±1.4 and 3.4±1.0, respectively. Group 3 (n=6), showed the greatest number; it consists of older farmers (67 years old or over) not practicing arboriculture. They also have the largest numbers of sheep (48.67), rabbits (50.83), chicken (48.33) and turkeys (42). Group 4 (n=9), with the lowest number of goats, was the group of young farmers (39 years old or less), more dedicated to cattle breeding (~52 heads) and the production of olive oil (~207 trees) and figs (~47 trees). The 18 morpho-biometric variables were significantly higher in males than in females (p<0.05). The Kabyle goat is small (Height at withers: male: 68.23±0.97cm and female: 65.41±0.55cm) with long hair (male: 12.24±0.51cm, and female: 9.51±0.29cm). Its ears are drooping, its convex profile has a slightly pronounced nasal split and its dress color ranges from dark brown to black. This adapted genetic resource should be key in the development of a local production, based on a strong commitment of farmers inside a breed association, for the production of specimens corresponding to a standard, to be determined collectively. [less ▲]

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See detailApplication of discrete choice experiment to assess farmers’ willingness to report swine diseases in the Red River Delta region, Vietnam
Pham Thi Thanh, Hoa; Peyre, Marisa; Quang Trinh, Tuyen et al

in Preventive Veterinary Medicine (2017), 138

A discrete choice experiment (DCE) is carried out to value socio-economic factors influencing the farmer’s decision to report swine diseases and to assess the willingness of farmers to report swine ... [more ▼]

A discrete choice experiment (DCE) is carried out to value socio-economic factors influencing the farmer’s decision to report swine diseases and to assess the willingness of farmers to report swine diseases. Data were collected between March and July 2015 in two provinces in the Red River Delta, Northern Vietnam, from 196 pig producers by face-to face interview. A conditional logit model is used to measure the relative importance of the socio-economic factors and calculate the expected probability of disease reporting under changes of levels of these factors. Results of the study indicated that the likelihood of compensation and the type of culling implemented (all or only unrecovered pigs) are the two most important factors influencing farmer reporting. Compensation level, movement restriction and delay in compensation payment also have significant impacts on farmer’s decision to report animal disease but they are not as important as the above factors. Three different scenarios including changes in six different factors (attributes) are tested to predict probability of animal disease reporting. Under the current situation (uncertainty of being compensated), only 4% of the farmers would report swine disease outbreak to the official surveillance system if the culling policy involves all pigs in affected farms. This number is increased to 26% if culling in affected farms is restricted to unrecovered pigs only. Ensuring certainty of compensation increases reporting probability by up to 50% and 90% if all or only unrecovered pigs are destroyed, respectively. The results of this study are important for improving the performance and sustainability of swine disease surveillance system in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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