Conclusions: The currently available data do not reveal any obvious, permanent, and direct correlation between X-ray and optical variations. The origin of the X-ray variability therefore still needs to be ascertained, highlighting the need for long-term monitoring in multiwavelengths, i.e. X-ray, UV, and optical. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULiège) A New Standard for Assessing the Performance of High Contrast Imaging SystemsJensen-Clem, Rebecca; Mawet, Dimitri; Gómez González, Carlos et alin Astronomical Journal (The) (2018), 155As planning for the next generation of high contrast imaging instruments (e.g., WFIRST, HabEx, and LUVOIR, TMT-PFI, EELT-EPICS) matures and second-generation ground-based extreme adaptive optics ... [more ▼]As planning for the next generation of high contrast imaging instruments (e.g., WFIRST, HabEx, and LUVOIR, TMT-PFI, EELT-EPICS) matures and second-generation ground-based extreme adaptive optics facilities (e.g., VLT-SPHERE, Gemini-GPI) finish their principal surveys, it is imperative that the performance of different designs, post-processing algorithms, observing strategies, and survey results be compared in a consistent, statistically robust framework. In this paper, we argue that the current industry standard for such comparisons—the contrast curve—falls short of this mandate. We propose a new figure of merit, the “performance map,” that incorporates three fundamental concepts in signal detection theory: the true positive fraction, the false positive fraction, and the detection threshold. By supplying a theoretical basis and recipe for generating the performance map, we hope to encourage the widespread adoption of this new metric across subfields in exoplanet imaging. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULiège) Magnetic fields in intermediate- and high-mass binary systems with short periodsNazé, Yaël ; Alecian, E.in Contributions of the Astronomical Observatory Skalnaté Pleso (2018), 48Most stars of the upper HRD live in multiple systems. When the separation is small, interactions may occur, affecting the stellar evolution and feedback. The presence of magnetic fields here opens the ... [more ▼]Most stars of the upper HRD live in multiple systems. When the separation is small, interactions may occur, affecting the stellar evolution and feedback. The presence of magnetic fields here opens the door to phenomena beyond the "usual" ones (mass transfer, wind collisions, tidal interactions,...) but it also put strong constraints on models of stellar evolution and magnetic field generation. This is why surveys of intermediate- and high-mass binaries with short periods have been undertaken. We will review results in this domain, including the properties of the (rare) detected cases such as Plaskett's star. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULiège) Identification of the Alarm Pheromone of Cowpea Aphid, and Comparison With Two Other Aphididae SpeciesBayendi Loudit, Sandrine ; Boullis, Antoine ; Verheggen, François et alin Journal of Insect Science (2018)In response to a predator attack, many Aphidinae species release an alarm pheromone, which induces dispersal behavior in other individuals within the colony. The major component of this pheromone is the ... [more ▼]In response to a predator attack, many Aphidinae species release an alarm pheromone, which induces dispersal behavior in other individuals within the colony. The major component of this pheromone is the sesquiterpene (E)- β-farnesene (Eβf), but variations occur between aphid species. In the present work, we collected, identified, and quantified the alarm pheromone of Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae), before quantifying the escape behavior induced in the neighboring individuals. We compared the semiochemistry and associated behavior of alarm signaling with two other aphid species: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Aphis fabae Scopoli (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Eβf was the only volatile found for each species. M. persicae produces a higher quantity of Eβf (8.39 ± 1.19 ng per individual) than A. craccivora (6.02 ± 0.82 ng per individual) and A. fabae (2.04 ± 0.33 ng per individual). Following exposure to natural doses of synthetic Eβf (50 ng and 500 ng), A. craccivora respond more strongly than the two other Aphidinae species with 78% of the individuals initiated alarm behavior for 500 ng of Eβf. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (3 ULiège) Review: Baptiste Morizot, Les Diplomates:De Meyer, Thibault in Common Knowledge (2018), 24(1), 161-162Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULiège) Relationship between follicular volume and oocyte competence, blastocyst development and live-birth rate: optimal follicle size for oocyte retrievalWirleitner, Barbara; Okhowat, Jasmin; Vi Stejnová, Lucie et alin Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology (2018), 51Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULiège) Electric Power Network State Tracking from Multirate MeasurementsAlcaide-Moreno, Boris; Fuerte-Esquivel, Claudio; Glavic, Mevludin et alin IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement (2018), 67This paper proposes a novel tracking state estimator to process both fast-rate synchronized phasor and slow rate SCADA measurements. The former are assumed to be in limited number. The latter are ... [more ▼]This paper proposes a novel tracking state estimator to process both fast-rate synchronized phasor and slow rate SCADA measurements. The former are assumed to be in limited number. The latter are exploited as and when they arrive to the control center. In order to restore observability, after each execution of the tracking state estimator, forecasted SCADA measurements are used as pseudo-measurements in the next estimation. An event detection analysis allows assessing if the system is in quasi steady-state. If so, an innovation analysis is performed to identify and eliminate erroneous SCADA measurements. The system state is computed by Hachtel’s augmented matrix method. The option of exploiting time-tagged SCADA measurements is also considered. The method is illustrated through detailed dynamic simulations of a test system evolving towards voltage collapse, with and without emergency control. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 77 (14 ULiège) The Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) of Three Spectrometers for the ExoMars 2016 Trace Gas OrbiterKorablev, O.; Montmessin, F.; Trokhimovskiy, A. et alin Space Science Reviews (2018), 214The Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) package is an element of the Russian contribution to the ESA-Roscosmos ExoMars 2016 Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) mission. ACS consists of three separate infrared ... [more ▼]The Atmospheric Chemistry Suite (ACS) package is an element of the Russian contribution to the ESA-Roscosmos ExoMars 2016 Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) mission. ACS consists of three separate infrared spectrometers, sharing common mechanical, electrical, and thermal interfaces. This ensemble of spectrometers has been designed and developed in response to the Trace Gas Orbiter mission objectives that specifically address the requirement of high sensitivity instruments to enable the unambiguous detection of trace gases of potential geophysical or biological interest. For this reason, ACS embarks a set of instruments achieving simultaneously very high accuracy (ppt level), very high resolving power (>10,000) and large spectral coverage (0.7 to 17 μm—the visible to thermal infrared range). The near-infrared (NIR) channel is a versatile spectrometer covering the 0.7-1.6 μm spectral range with a resolving power of ˜20,000. NIR employs the combination of an echelle grating with an AOTF (Acousto-Optical Tunable Filter) as diffraction order selector. This channel will be mainly operated in solar occultation and nadir, and can also perform limb observations. The scientific goals of NIR are the measurements of water vapor, aerosols, and dayside or night side airglows. The mid-infrared (MIR) channel is a cross-dispersion echelle instrument dedicated to solar occultation measurements in the 2.2-4.4 μm range. MIR achieves a resolving power of >50,000. It has been designed to accomplish the most sensitive measurements ever of the trace gases present in the Martian atmosphere. The thermal-infrared channel (TIRVIM) is a 2-inch double pendulum Fourier-transform spectrometer encompassing the spectral range of 1.7-17 μm with apodized resolution varying from 0.2 to 1.3 cm[SUP]-1[/SUP]. TIRVIM is primarily dedicated to profiling temperature from the surface up to ˜60 km and to monitor aerosol abundance in nadir. TIRVIM also has a limb and solar occultation capability. The technical concept of the instrument, its accommodation on the spacecraft, the optical designs as well as some of the calibrations, and the expected performances for its three channels are described. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULiège) Solar Energetic Particles (SEP) and Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) as tracers of solar wind conditions near Saturn: event lists and applicationsRoussos; Jackman; Thomsen et alin Icarus (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 21 (2 ULiège) Stellar parameters for TRAPPIST-1Van Grootel, Valérie ; Silva Fernandes, Catarina ; Gillon, Michaël et alin Astrophysical Journal (2018), 853TRAPPIST-1 is an ultracool dwarf star transited by seven Earth-sized planets, for which thorough characterization of atmospheric properties, surface conditions encompassing habitability and internal ... [more ▼]TRAPPIST-1 is an ultracool dwarf star transited by seven Earth-sized planets, for which thorough characterization of atmospheric properties, surface conditions encompassing habitability and internal compositions is possible with current and next generation telescopes. Accurate modeling of the star is essential to achieve this goal. We aim to obtain updated stellar parameters for TRAPPIST- 1 based on new measurements and evolutionary models, compared to those used in discovery studies. We present a new measurement for the parallax of TRAPPIST-1, 82.4 $\pm$ 0.8 mas, based on 188 epochs of observations with the TRAPPIST and Liverpool Telescopes from 2013 to 2016. This revised parallax yields an updated luminosity of $L_*=(5.22\pm0.19)\times 10^{-4} L_{\odot}$, very close to the previous estimate but almost twice more precise. We next present an updated estimate for TRAPPIST-1 stellar mass, based on two approaches: mass from stellar evolution modeling, and empirical mass derived from dynamical masses of equivalently classified ultracool dwarfs in astrometric binaries. We combine them through a Monte-Carlo approach to derive a semi-empirical estimate for the mass of TRAPPIST-1. We also derive estimate for the radius by combining this mass with stellar density inferred from transits, as well as estimate for the effective temperature from our revised luminosity and radius. Our final results are $M_*=0.089 \pm 0.006 M_{\odot}$, $R_* = 0.121 \pm 0.003 R_{\odot}$, and $T_{\rm eff} =$ 2516 $\pm$ 41 K. Considering the degree to which TRAPPIST-1 system will be scrutinized in coming years, these revised and more precise stellar parameters should be considered when assessing the properties of TRAPPIST-1 planets. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 77 (8 ULiège) Cracking the regulatory code of biosynthetic gene clusters as a strategy for natural product discoveryRigali, Sébastien ; Anderssen, Sinaeda ; Naomé, Aymeric et alin Biochemical Pharmacology (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULiège) Les « je » et le jeuDejasse, Erwin in 9e Art 2.0 : la revue en ligne de la Cité de la bande dessinée et de l'image (2018)Cet article évoque l’importance et les formes prises par le travail en collaboration dans l’œuvre de Goblet, avec sa fille, son compagnon, Dominique Théate ou Kai Pfeiffer.Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULiège) L’affaire Achbita c. G4S Secure Solutions : le suspense continueKéfer, Fabienne ; Linguelet, Renaud in Revue de Jurisprudence de Liège, Mons et Bruxelles (2018), (3), 122-129Commentaire de l'arrêt de la Cour de cassation du 9 octobre 2017 dans l'affaire Achbita c. G4S Secure Solutions.Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULiège) ‘Posidonia meadows calling’: a ubiquitous fish sound with monitoring potentialDi Iorio, Lucia; Raick, Xavier ; Parmentier, Eric et alin Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation (2018)In the Mediterranean Sea, the seagrass Posidonia oceanica plays a key ecological role, and is protected by a range of legislation. Standard Posidonia monitoring programmes generally focus on the plant at ... [more ▼]In the Mediterranean Sea, the seagrass Posidonia oceanica plays a key ecological role, and is protected by a range of legislation. Standard Posidonia monitoring programmes generally focus on the plant at different spatial and short temporal scales, without considering the organisms dependent on the ecosystem. Passive acoustic monitoring (PAM) has a high potential to non-intrusively monitor biological activities and biodiversity at high temporal resolution, and to assess ecosystem health. This is particularly relevant considering that Posidonia meadows host numerous sound-producing fish species. In this study, bottommoored hydrophones were deployed in nine Western Mediterranean meadows covering a distance of more than 200 km to identify acoustic features potentially relevant to monitor this critical habitat. Among eight identified fish sound categories, we found a single type of sound (that we will refer to as /kwa/) dominating the soundscape of Posidonia meadows over a time span of 7 months. Compared to other low-frequency sounds, the /kwa/ presented unique characteristics that suggest it is produced by a fish via fast contracting muscles. The /kwa/ was the only sound detectable under anthropogenic noise conditions, and little affected by it. Cluster analyses performed on 13 acoustic features revealed a high degree of call diversity. /Kwa/ diversity, combined with its large-scale (all meadows), long-term (7 months) occurrence and low noise interference, make the /kwa/ a promising candidate for PAM of Posidonia meadows. Furthermore, variability in acoustic features suggests a central role of the /kwa/ in communication. Overall, this work sets the basis for establishing the relevance of the /kwa/ in monitoring P. oceanica meadows and developing PAM techniques for this critical habitat. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 26 (5 ULiège) Stable versus Unstable Grade 2 High Ankle Sprains in Athletes: A Noninvasive Tool to Predict the Need for Surgical FixationD'Hooghe, Pieter; Bouhdida, S; Whiteley, R et alin Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle (2018), 6(1), 252There are no standardized criteria for the diagnosis and management of syndesmotic injuries, creating great ambiguity regarding optimal treatment. Traditionally, individuals with clinical and/or ... [more ▼]There are no standardized criteria for the diagnosis and management of syndesmotic injuries, creating great ambiguity regarding optimal treatment. Traditionally, individuals with clinical and/or radiological suspicion of syndesmotic instability warrant an examination under anaesthesia and/or diagnostic arthroscopy to confirm and treat. Our purpose was to identify clinical syndesmotic instability without the need of invasive arthroscopic procedures. However, the invasive process of this has inherent risks to the patient. We developed a device to dynamically evaluate the distal tibiofibular stability during external rotation of the ankle as an extension to the available clinical tests. We compared the results of this device with intra-operative arthroscopic findings in 15 athlete cases with isolated grade 2 syndesmotic instability and found very good correlation, especially when tested in dorsiflexion. We consider this syndhoo device very helpful as part of the available options in the clinical diagnosis of syndesmotic instability. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 65 (2 ULiège) Occurrence of greenhouse gases in the aquifers of the Walloon Region (Belgium)Jurado Elices, Anna ; Borges, Alberto ; Pujades, Estanislao et alin Science of the Total Environment (2018)This work aims to (1) identify the most conductive conditions for the generation of greenhouses gases (GHGs) in groundwater (e.g., hydrogeological contexts and geochemical processes) and (2) evaluate the ... [more ▼]This work aims to (1) identify the most conductive conditions for the generation of greenhouses gases (GHGs) in groundwater (e.g., hydrogeological contexts and geochemical processes) and (2) evaluate the indirect emissions of GHGs from groundwater at a regional scale in Wallonia (Belgium). To this end, nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations and the stable isotopes of nitrate (NO3−) and sulphate were monitored in 12 aquifers of the Walloon Region (Belgium). The concentrations of GHGs range from 0.05 µg/L to 1631.2 µg/L for N2O, 0 µg/L to 17.1 µg/L for CH4, and 1769 to 100,514 ppm for the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2). The highest average concentrations of N2O and pCO2 are found in a chalky aquifer. The coupled use of statistical techniques and stable isotopes is a useful approach to identify the geochemical conditions that control the occurrence of GHGs in the aquifers of the Walloon Region. The accumulation of N2O is most likely due to nitrification (high concentrations of dissolved oxygen and NO3− and null concentrations of ammonium) and, to a lesser extent, initial denitrification in a few sampling locations (medium concentrations of dissolved oxygen and NO3−). The oxic character found in groundwater is not prone to the accumulation of CH4 in Walloon aquifers. Nevertheless, groundwater is oversaturated with GHGs with respect to atmospheric equilibrium (especially for N2O and pCO2); the fluxes of N2O (0.32 kg N2O-N Ha-1 y-1) and CO2 (27 kg CO2 Ha-1 y-1) from groundwater are much lower than the direct emissions of N2O from agricultural soils and fossil-fuel-related CO2 emissions. Thus, indirect GHG emissions from the aquifers of the Walloon Region are likely to be a minor contributor to atmospheric GHG emissions, but their quantification would help to better constrain the nitrogen and carbon budgets. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 85 (29 ULiège) Late Silurian palynomorphs from the Precordillera of San Juan, Argentina: Diversity, palaeoenvironmental and palaeogeographic significanceGarcia Muro, V.; Rubinstein, C.V.; Steemans, Philippe in Acta Palaeontologica Polonica (2018), 63(1), 41-61Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULiège) Human brain patterns underlying vigilant attention: impact of sleep debt, circadian phase and attentional engagementMaire, Micheline; Reichert, Carolin Franziska; Gabel, Virginie et alin Scientific Reports (2018), 8(1), 970Detailed reference viewed: 22 (5 ULiège) L’Erasmus militaire entre dans sa dixième année : un élan, des relancesPaile, Sylvain in Revue Défense Nationale (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULiège) Temperature estimation from hydroxyl airglow emission in the Venus night side mesosphereMigliorini, A.; Snels, M.; Gérard, Jean-Claude et alin Icarus (2018), 300The temperature of the night side of Venus at about 95 km has been determined by using spectral features of the hydroxyl airglow emission around 3 μm, recorded from July 2006 to July 2008 by VIRTIS ... [more ▼]The temperature of the night side of Venus at about 95 km has been determined by using spectral features of the hydroxyl airglow emission around 3 μm, recorded from July 2006 to July 2008 by VIRTIS onboard Venus Express. The retrieved temperatures vary from 145.5 to about 198.1 K with an average value of 176.3 ± 14.3 K and are in good agreement with previous ground-based and space observations. The variability with respect to latitude and local time has been studied, showing a minimum of temperature at equatorial latitudes, while temperature values increase toward mid latitudes with a local maximum at about 35°N. The present work provides an independent contribution to the temperature estimation in the transition region between the Venus upper mesosphere and the lower thermosphere, by using the OH emission as a thermometer, following the technique previously applied to the high-resolution O[SUB]2[/SUB](a[SUP]1[/SUP]Δ[SUB]g[/SUB]) airglow emissions observed from ground. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULiège) Modelling built-up expansion and densification with multinomial logistic regression, cellular automata and genetic algorithmEl Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ; Heppenstall, Alison; Omrani, Hichem et alin Computers, Environment and Urban Systems (2018), 67This paper presents a model to simulate built-up expansion and densification based on a combination of a non-ordered multinomial logistic regression (MLR) and cellular automata (CA). The probability for ... [more ▼]This paper presents a model to simulate built-up expansion and densification based on a combination of a non-ordered multinomial logistic regression (MLR) and cellular automata (CA). The probability for built-up development is assessed based on (i) a set of built-up development causative factors and (ii) the land-use of neighboring cells. The model considers four built-up classes: non built-up, low-density, medium-density and high-density built-up. Unlike the most commonly used built-up/urban models which simulate built-up expansion, our approach considers expansion and the potential for densification within already built-up areas when their present density allows it. The model is built, calibrated, and validated for Wallonia region (Belgium) using cadastral data. Three 100 × 100 m raster-based built-up maps for 1990, 2000, and 2010 are developed to define one calibration interval (1990–2000) and one validation interval (2000 − 2010). The causative factors are calibrated using MLR whereas the CA neighboring effects are calibrated based on a multi-objective genetic algorithm. The calibrated model is applied to simulate the built-up pattern in 2010. The simulated map in 2010 is used to evaluate the model's performance against the actual 2010 map by means of fuzzy set theory. According to the findings, land-use policy, slope, and distance to roads are the most important determinants of the expansion process. The densification process is mainly driven by zoning, slope, distance to different roads and richness index. The results also show that the densification generally occurs where there are dense neighbors whereas areas with lower densities retain their densities over time. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 56 (22 ULiège) The Ionospheric Connection Explorer Mission: Mission Goals and DesignImmel, T. J.; England, S. L.; Mende, S. B. et alin Space Science Reviews (2018), 214(13), The Ionospheric Connection Explorer, or ICON, is a new NASA Explorer mission that will explore the boundary between Earth and space to understand the physical connection between our world and our space ... [more ▼]The Ionospheric Connection Explorer, or ICON, is a new NASA Explorer mission that will explore the boundary between Earth and space to understand the physical connection between our world and our space environment. This connection is made in the ionosphere, which has long been known to exhibit variability associated with the sun and solar wind. However, it has been recognized in the 21st century that equally significant changes in ionospheric conditions are apparently associated with energy and momentum propagating upward from our own atmosphere. ICON's goal is to weigh the competing impacts of these two drivers as they influence our space environment. Here we describe the specific science objectives that address this goal, as well as the means by which they will be achieved. The instruments selected, the overall performance requirements of the science payload and the operational requirements are also described. ICON's development began in 2013 and the mission is on track for launch in 2018. ICON is developed and managed by the Space Sciences Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, with key contributions from several partner institutions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULiège) A key for the identification of cryptosporesSteemans, Philippe ; Wellman, C.H.in Palynology (2018), ?(?), Detailed reference viewed: 13 (5 ULiège) Raising Awareness of False Positive Newborn Screening Results Arising from Pivalate-Containing Creams and Antibiotics in Europe When Screening for Isovaleric AcidaemiaBonham, J; Carling, R; Lindner, M et alin International Journal of Neonatal Screening (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULiège) De culpable a perseguido: Baudelaire y el proceso de Las Flores del malMogollon Zapata, Juan Manuel in Revista literatura: teoría, historia, crítica (2018), 20(1), 167-189¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo ... [more ▼]¿Cómo el poeta de Las Flores del Mal paso de ser un autor proscrito, y en consecuencia sospechoso, al autor perseguido e incomprendido que ha inmortalizado la historia literaria? ¿Cómo Baudelaire pudo desviar a su favor una circunstancia que, a primera vista, era desafortunada? Baudelaire supo utilizar el escándalo que provocó la publicación de Las Flores del Mal para promover su figura pública. Un análisis de las posturas discursivas desplegadas por Baudelaire y por sus pares antes, durante y después del proceso nos permitirá comprender mejor la inversión que el poeta hace de su condenación al transformar la sanción penal y moral, y la exclusión a la que ésta conduce, en un signo de su grandeza y de su gloria póstuma. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 92 (8 ULiège) Du tableau à la séquence. Revoir Hopper (Gustav Deutsch, "Shirley", 2013)Belloi, Livio in Mise au point. Cahiers de l'Association française des enseignants-chercheurs en cinéma et audiovisuel (2018), 10Cet article se penche sur la question du remake dans "Shirley" (2013) de l'artiste autrichien Gustav Deutsch. Il s'interroge sur les modalités de transposition d'un tableau singulier d'Edward Hopper et ... [more ▼]Cet article se penche sur la question du remake dans "Shirley" (2013) de l'artiste autrichien Gustav Deutsch. Il s'interroge sur les modalités de transposition d'un tableau singulier d'Edward Hopper et sur les enjeux qu'un tel glissement (du tableau à la séquence) implique. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULiège) Performance-based financing in low-income and middle-income countries: isn’t it time for a rethink?Paul, Elisabeth ; Albert, Lucien; Bisala, Badibanga N'Sambuka et alin BMJ Global Health (2018), 3:e000664This paper questions the view that performance-based financing (PBF) in the health sector is an effective, efficient and equitable approach to improving the performance of health systems in low-income and ... [more ▼]This paper questions the view that performance-based financing (PBF) in the health sector is an effective, efficient and equitable approach to improving the performance of health systems in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). PBF was conceived as an open approach adapted to specific country needs, having the potential to foster system-wide reforms. However, as with many strategies and tools, there is a gap between what was planned and what is actually implemented. This paper argues that PBF as it is currently implemented in many contexts does not satisfy the promises. First, since the start of PBF implementation in LMICs, concerns have been raised on the basis of empirical evidence from different settings and disciplines that indicated the risks, cost and perverse effects. However, PBF implementation was rushed despite insufficient evidence of its effectiveness. Second, there is a lack of domestic ownership of PBF. Considering the amounts of time and money it now absorbs, and the lack of evidence of effectiveness and efficiency, PBF can be characterised as a donor fad. Third, by presenting itself as a comprehensive approach that makes it possible to address all aspects of the health system in any context, PBF monopolises attention and focuses policy dialogue on the short-term results of PBF programmes while diverting attention and resources from broader processes of change and necessary reforms. Too little care is given to systemwide and long-term effects, so that PBF can actually damage health services and systems. This paper ends by proposing entry points for alternative approaches. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULiège) The anatomy of the pediatric airway: Has our knowledge changed in 120 years? A review of historic and recent investigations of the anatomy of the pediatric larynx.HOLZKI, Josef ; Brown, Karen A.; Carroll, Robert G. et alin Paediatric Anaesthesia (2018), 28(1), 13-22BACKGROUND: There is disagreement regarding the anatomy of the pediatric airway, particularly regarding the shape of the cricoid cartilage and the location of the narrowest portion of the larynx. AIMS ... [more ▼]BACKGROUND: There is disagreement regarding the anatomy of the pediatric airway, particularly regarding the shape of the cricoid cartilage and the location of the narrowest portion of the larynx. AIMS: The aim of this review is to clarify the origin and the science behind these differing views. METHODS: We undertook a review of published literature, University Libraries, and authoritative textbooks with key search words and phrases. RESULTS: In vivo observations suggest that the narrowest portion of the airway is more proximal than the cricoid cartilage. However, in vitro studies of autopsy specimens measured with rods or calipers, confirm that the nondistensible and circular or near circular cricoid outlet is the narrowest level. These anatomic studies confirmed the classic "funnel" shape of the pediatric larynx. In vivo studies are potentially misleading as the aryepiglottic, vestibular, and true vocal folds are in constant motion with respiration. These studies also do not consider the effects of normal sleep, inhalation agents, and comorbidities such as adenoid or tonsil hypertrophy that cause some degree of pharyngeal collapse and alter the normal movement of the laryngeal tissues. Thus, the radiologic studies suggesting that the narrowest portion of the airway is not the cricoid cartilage may be the result of an artifact depending upon which phase of respiration was imaged. CONCLUSION: In vivo studies do not take into account the motion of the highly pliable laryngeal upper airway structures (aryepiglottic, vestibular, and vocal folds). Maximal abduction of these structures with tracheal tubes or bronchoscopes always demonstrates a larger opening of the glottis compared to the outlet of the cricoid ring. Injury to the larynx depends upon ease of tracheal tube or endoscope passage past the cricoid cartilage and not passage through the readily distensible more proximal structures. The infant larynx is funnel shaped with the narrowest portion the circular or near circular cricoid cartilage confirmed by multiple in vitro autopsy specimens carried out over the past century. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULiège) Heterogeneous incidence and propagation of spreading depolarizationsKaufmann, D; SCHOENEN, Jean in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULiège) Des ados nouveaux lecteurs ? EnquêteBocar, Roxane in Lectures : La Revue des Bibliothèques (2018), 6(Janvier-février), 63-64Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULiège) 355nm UV laser patterning and post-processing of FR4 PCB for fine pitch components integrationDupont, François ; Stoukatch, Serguei ; Laurent, Philippe et alin Optics & Lasers in Engineering (2018), 100Detailed reference viewed: 34 (11 ULiège) Energy harvesting from different aeroelastic instabilities of a square cylinderAndrianne, Thomas ; Aryoputro, Renar; Laurent, Philippe et alin Journal of Wind Engineering & Industrial Aerodynamics (2018), 172This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of the power extraction from the oscillations of a square beam due to aeroelastic instabilities. The energy harvesting is performed using a ... [more ▼]This paper presents an experimental and numerical investigation of the power extraction from the oscillations of a square beam due to aeroelastic instabilities. The energy harvesting is performed using a coil-magnet arrangement connected to a variable resistance load with the target objective to auto-power a remote sensor. Two aeroelastic phenomena are investigated: Vortex Induced Vibration (VIV) and cross-flow galloping. The first instability (VIV) is analyzed on a free-standing vertical structure. A second experimental set-up is developed on a horizontal square cylinder supported by springs, free to oscillate vertically as a rigid body. In this case, both galloping and VIV interact, leading to interesting characteristics in order to harvest energy from the wind. The behavior of each electro-mechanical aeroelastic system is investigated for different reduced wind speeds and load resistances in a wind tunnel. Observed efficiencies are rather low, but large enough to power a remote sensor with an adapted measuring strategy. Both harvesting systems are then studied numerically using a wake oscillator model (for VIV) coupled to a quasi-steady model (for galloping) and an electric model (for the harvester). This mathematical model is used to extend the parametric space and to highlight the effectiveness of the high stable branch of the VIV-galloping curve to harvest energy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (10 ULiège) Prévalence de l’hypovitaminose D chez la femme enceinte : quelle est la situation en région liégeoise ?VRANKEN, Laura ; EMONTS, Patrick ; Bruyère, Olivier et alin Revue Médicale de Liège (2018), 73(1), 10-16Summary : Vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide health problem, also during pregnancy. Inadequate maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy is associated with poor fetal growth, impaired bone development and ... [more ▼]Summary : Vitamin D deficiency is a worldwide health problem, also during pregnancy. Inadequate maternal vitamin D status in pregnancy is associated with poor fetal growth, impaired bone development and rickets in infants after birth. Furthermore, higher rates of preeclampsia and gestational diabetes are associated with low maternal vitamin D status during pregnancy. Toxicity of vitamin D is rare. Most countries recommend vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy but guidelines are controversial and inadequate compared to real mother’s and child’s needs. Wath’s the best strategy to follow and supplement mother during pregnancy? In a study carried out at the maternity clinic Notre- Dame des Bruyères (CHU Liège), we studied for a year the vitamin D concentrations of young women at start of pregnancy and of others after delivery to evaluate the local situation and management of vitamin D status during pregnancy. We did not collect the cord blood samples in this study. However, this is a project we would like to achieve soon. This would allow us to compare the vitamin D results of the mother at the time of delivery, to those of the cord blood of their respective child. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (6 ULiège) Boccace, Genealogiae deorum gentilium, [Louvain, Johann Veldener 1473-1473], 2° (Liège, Bibliothèque Alpha, XV B 84)Adam, Renaud in Arm@rium Universitatis Leodiensis : la Bibliothèque Numérique du Moyen Âge et de la Première Modernité de l’Université de Liège (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULiège) Technological behaviour of Cretaceous and Pliocene clays of northern Morocco used in fired brick manufacturingEl Ouahabi, Meriam ; Daoudi, Lahcen; Fagel, Nathalie in Journal of Materials and Environmental Science (2018), 9(4), 1140-1151Northern Morocco has an important local ceramic industry. Twenty-three Craterous and Pliocene clays from Tangier area (Northern Morocco) were studied to test their suitability as raw material for fired ... [more ▼]Northern Morocco has an important local ceramic industry. Twenty-three Craterous and Pliocene clays from Tangier area (Northern Morocco) were studied to test their suitability as raw material for fired brick production. To assess their behaviour, the chemical composition, specific surface area (SSA), cation exchange capacity (CEC), and apparent density of clays were determined. The chemical composition consisted mainly of SiO2 (32 – 60%), Al2O3 (7 – 30%), and CaO (0.5 – 32%). SSA and CEC values of all the samples were low. The apparent density, pore volume, and micropore values were almost similar. Clay bricks were prepared by forming and shaping, and then fired in the range of 800 – 1100°C. Firing shrinkage, loss on mass and water absorption capacity were done in order to characterize clays after firing. Most of the clay samples have the necessary properties for the manufacturing of brick products. However, some clay samples were above the norm of loss on weight, due mainly to their high amount of carbonates. Furthermore, some kaolinitic samples from Pliocene blue marls and Cretaceous marls are inappropriate for building-related brick fabrication, because of the development of portlandite in brick, when in contact with moisture of the air. However, it will be necessary to mix them with other clays with little or no carbonate to dilute their carbonates content and then enhance their workability. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (7 ULiège) L’Echinococcose alvéolaire, une zoonose émergente en Wallonie. Une approche « one health » par le groupe ECHINO-LIEGECambier, Audrey ; DETRY, Olivier ; Lempereur, Laetitia et alin Veterinaria : Bulletin d'Information de l'Union Syndicale Vétérinaire Belge (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 34 (3 ULiège) Post-imperial affinities and neoliberal convergences: Discourses and practices of collaboration between the Nigerian and the Indian film industriesJedlowski, Alessandro in Media, Culture & Society (2018), 40(1), 23-40Over the past three decades, South-South economic interactions have multiplied. Within this landscape, media industries have come to occupy a relevant position, at the crossroad between soft power and ... [more ▼]Over the past three decades, South-South economic interactions have multiplied. Within this landscape, media industries have come to occupy a relevant position, at the crossroad between soft power and hard economic interests. Numerous studies analysed the South-South circulation of media products, but many aspects of the ongoing interactions remain under-researched. This article contributes to this emerging field of scholarship by analysing the discourses and practices of collaboration that have emerged between the Indian and the Nigerian film industries over the past few years. By analysing the experiences of a few southern Nigerian and Indian film professionals who attempted to develop transnational collaborations, this article investigates the ambiguities of the affinities existing between Nollywood and Bollywood and interrogates the prospects for the creation of effective interactions between them. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULiège) Reply to "Stimulus, response and excitability - What is new?"WANG, François-Charles in Clinical Neurophysiology (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULiège) How does STICS crop model simulate crop growth and productivity under shade conditions?Artru, Sidonie ; Dumont, Benjamin ; Ruget, Francois et alin Field Crops Research (2018), 215Detailed reference viewed: 50 (14 ULiège) MALDI Imaging-Guided Microproteomic Analyses of Heterogeneous Breast Tumors-A Pilot StudyAlberts, D.; POTTIER, Charles ; Smargiasso, Nicolas et alin Proteomics. Clinical applications (2018), 12Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging is an ideal tool to study intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) and its implication in prognostic stratification of patients. However, there are some ... [more ▼]Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) imaging is an ideal tool to study intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) and its implication in prognostic stratification of patients. However, there are some drawbacks concerning protein identification. On the other hand, laser microdissection (LMD)-based microproteomics allows retrieving thousands of protein identifications from small tissue pieces. As a proof of concept, the authors combine these two complementary approaches to analyze heterogeneous regions in breast tumors. Invasive ductal breast cancer FFPE tissue sections from five patients are analyzed by MALDI imaging and the dataset is processed by segmentation. Heterogeneous regions within tumors are processed by LMD-based microproteomics, in duplicates. Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry data are classified by hierarchical clustering. Heterogeneous tissue regions are discriminated on the basis of their actual molecular heterogeneity. The dataset is correlated with MALDI imaging to identify m/z values discriminating heterogeneous regions. The molecular characterization of cell clones in tumors related to bad patient outcome could have great impact for pathology. A combined application of LMD-based microproteomics and MALDI imaging for ITH studies is presented. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULiège) Analyse des systèmes de production des ménages pastoraux et agro-pastoraux de la région de Diffa à l’est du NigerLaouali, Abdoulkadri; Lebailly, Philippe in Annales de l'Université Abdou Moumouni (2018), XXIII - Série A(2), 129-141Located in the far eastern part of Niger in an mainly pastoral areas, the region of Diffa practice extensive breeding. However, since the great droughts of the 70s and 80s, rainfall and pasture deficits ... [more ▼]Located in the far eastern part of Niger in an mainly pastoral areas, the region of Diffa practice extensive breeding. However, since the great droughts of the 70s and 80s, rainfall and pasture deficits are recurrent or even structural. These agro-ecological constraints affect all production systems households. Participatory survey of 300 households sampled in a reasoned way was conducted. The analysis allowed to characterize six production systems. Their analysis shows a diversity of production and adaptation strategies in a natural environment characterized by severe climatic constraints. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULiège) Sound production mechanism in triggerfish (Balistidae): a synapomorphyRaick, Xavier ; Lecchini, David; Kever, Loïc et alin Journal of Experimental Biology (2018), 221Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULiège) Developing Sustainability Mobility Controls: The Case of Four Belgian Local GovernmentsCrutzen, Nathalie ; Bounazef, Djida ; Qian, Weiin Social and Environmental Accountability Journal (2018)Purpose This paper explores the links between management controls, strategy, and sustainability in the context of the public sector. Institutional theory is used as a theoretical lens to explore how ... [more ▼]Purpose This paper explores the links between management controls, strategy, and sustainability in the context of the public sector. Institutional theory is used as a theoretical lens to explore how institutional influences enable or constrain the development of management controls in Belgian local governments, particularly those pertaining to sustainability mobility strategies. Research Method An exploratory case study method was used for the purposes of this study. Further, the package of mobility controls developed by Belgian local governments is explored with reference to the model proposed by Malmi and Brown (2008). The case study utilised semi-structured interviews with mobility managers in four Belgian local governments. To strengthen the analysis, secondary data from these local governments, including reports on mobility, strategy, urban development and infrastructure, were collected and analysed. Findings The four Belgian local governments plan, implement, and control their sustainability mobility strategies differently, depending on their specific practices and routines, and the interactions between relevant actors. Even if sustainability is a strategic component of their urban development, the understanding of the link between sustainability, management controls, and mobility strategy, differs according to local government challenges. Institutional influences are both enabling and constraining the development of management controls in support of sustainability mobility strategies in local governments. More specifically, political support and regulations enable control planning. However, limits in the support of mobility actors, and weak decision power for mobility managers, constrain the monitoring and updating of control indicators. Contribution/Implications This paper contributes to the literature by exploring both institutional enablers and constraints on the development of management controls for sustainability in the public-sector context. More specifically, it explores how practices, routines, and interactions can enable or constrain the potential contribution of management controls to sustainability transitions of local governments. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULiège) Repetitive ventricular tachycardia in a syncopal child: Cause or incidental finding ?Massin, Martial; JACQUEMART, Caroline ; Khaldi, Karimin Annals of Noninvasive Electrocardiology : The Official Journal of the International Society for Holter & Noninvasive Electrocardiology, Inc (2018), 23(1), A 15-year-old girl suffered recurrent syncopal episodes during 7 years. Events were precipitated by exercise or emotional stress, leading to the diagnosis of reflex syncope. Exercise testing induced ... [more ▼]A 15-year-old girl suffered recurrent syncopal episodes during 7 years. Events were precipitated by exercise or emotional stress, leading to the diagnosis of reflex syncope. Exercise testing induced recurrent salvos of nonsustained right ventricular outflow tract tachycardia. This arrhythmia is often asymptomatic, reflex syncope is very frequent and both causes are related to the same triggering situations. It was therefore essential to obtain recordings during syncopal events and to observe the clinical evolution under effective treatment in order to make the right diagnosis. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (2 ULiège) Children on dialysis as well as renal transplanted children report severely impaired health-related quality of life.Splinter, Anouck; Tjaden, Lidwien A.; Haverman, Lotte et alin Quality of life research : an international journal of quality of life aspects of treatment, care and rehabilitation (2018)OBJECTIVES: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) across three renal replacement therapy modalities (preemptive transplant, non-preemptive transplant, and dialysis) in comparison with the ... [more ▼]OBJECTIVES: To assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) across three renal replacement therapy modalities (preemptive transplant, non-preemptive transplant, and dialysis) in comparison with the healthy norm and other chronic health conditions, and to explore related patient factors. STUDY DESIGN: All prevalent end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients aged 8-18 years who spent at least 6 months on their current treatment modality in the Netherlands, Belgium, and part of Germany were approached to complete the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL) questionnaire. We determined the differences between groups on PedsQL mean scores, the proportion of children with an impaired HRQoL (>/= 1 SD lower than the healthy norm), the proportion of problems on individual items of the PedsQL, and the effect of time on current treatment. Linear regression models were used to explore determinants of HRQoL. RESULTS: 192 out of 278 patients (20% preemptive transplant, 58% non-preemptive transplant, 22% dialysis) filled in the PedsQL (response rate 69%). Independent of treatment modality, patients had significantly lower mean scores and consequently higher proportions of impaired HRQoL on almost all domains compared to the healthy norm and other chronic health conditions. Patients with a preemptive transplant only reported higher scores on physical health compared to the other treatment modalities. Having comorbidities was the most important determinant associated with lower HRQoL scores. CONCLUSION: Dialysis and renal transplantation both have a severe impact on the HRQoL of children with ESRD. Physicians should be aware of this continuous burden. Furthermore, to develop tailored interventions for children with ESRD, qualitative studies are needed to gain more insight in the determinants of HRQoL in the different treatment modalities. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULiège) Multifaceted Brain Networks Reconfiguration in Disorders of Consciousness Uncovered by Co-Activation PatternsDi Perri, Carol ; Amico, Enrico; Heine, Lizette et alin Human Brain Mapping (2018)Introduction: Given that recent research has shown that functional connectivity is not a static phenomenon, we aim to investigate the dynamic properties of the default mode network’s (DMN) connectivity in ... [more ▼]Introduction: Given that recent research has shown that functional connectivity is not a static phenomenon, we aim to investigate the dynamic properties of the default mode network’s (DMN) connectivity in patients with disorders of consciousness. Methods: Resting-state fMRI volumes of a convenience sample of 17 patients in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and controls were reduced to a spatiotemporal point process by selecting critical time points in the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC). Spatial clustering was performed on the extracted PCC time frames to obtain 8 different co-activation patterns (CAPs). We investigated spatial connectivity patterns positively and negatively correlated with PCC using both CAPs and standard stationary method. We calculated CAPs occurrences and the total number of frames. Results: Compared to controls, patients showed (i) decreased within-network positive correlations and between-network negative correlations, (ii) emergence of “pathological” within-network negative correlations and between-network positive correlations (better defined with CAPs), and (iii) “pathological” increases in within-network positive correlations and between-network negative correlations (only detectable using CAPs). Patients showed decreased occurrence of DMN-like CAPs (1–2) compared to controls. No between-group differences were observed in the total number of frames Conclusion: CAPs reveal at a more fine-grained level the multifaceted spatial connectivity reconfiguration following the DMN disruption in UWS patients, which is more complex than previously thought and suggests alternative anatomical substrates for consciousness. BOLD fluctuations do not seem to differ between patients and controls, suggesting that BOLD response represents an intrinsic feature of the signal, and therefore that spatial configuration is more important for consciousness than BOLD activation itself. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 53 (16 ULiège) Le Service de l'Évaluation spéciale de la coopération belge au développement : de sa naissance à sa renaissanceContor, Justine in Regards Politiques (2018), 1Cet article porte sur les résultats empiriques d'une recherche menée entre 2011 et 2013 au Service de l'Évaluation Spéciale de la coopération belge au développement (SES). Il interroge principalement la ... [more ▼]Cet article porte sur les résultats empiriques d'une recherche menée entre 2011 et 2013 au Service de l'Évaluation Spéciale de la coopération belge au développement (SES). Il interroge principalement la façon dont se constituent les légitimités du service en question. L'article revient également sur les dernières modifications légales qui modifient les champs d'action du SES. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULiège) Acidose métabolique à trou anionique élevé (acidose pyroglutamique) induite par une prise chronique de paracétamolTCHOUGANG NONO, Joël ; MISTRETTA, Virginie ; Noirot, Isabelle et alin Revue Médicale de Liège (2018), 73(1), 39-42Acetaminophen is the most consumable analgesic in the world in the form of medical prescription or selfmedication. It is one of the active ingredients most often involved in voluntary poisoning. Lethal ... [more ▼]Acetaminophen is the most consumable analgesic in the world in the form of medical prescription or selfmedication. It is one of the active ingredients most often involved in voluntary poisoning. Lethal dose of acetaminophen classically induces acute hepatic failure on hepatic necrosis. Chronic intake of sub-lethal doses (i.e. near recommended therapeutic doses) of acetaminophen in the presence of certain risk factors may be responsible for another much less recognized pathological manifestation: severe metabolic acidosis with an increased anion gap due to the accumulation of 5-oxoproline or pyroglutamic acid. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 19 (7 ULiège) Brentano’s epistemology of history: inner experience and the reality of the pastBoccaccini, Federico in Perspectives on Science (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULiège) Evidence for the domains supporting the construct of intrinsic capacity.Cesari, Matteo; Araujo de Carvalho, Islene; Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, Jotheeswaran et alin Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences (2018)Healthy ageing can be defined as “the process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables wellbeing in older age”. Functional ability (i.e., the health-related attributes that enable ... [more ▼]Healthy ageing can be defined as “the process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables wellbeing in older age”. Functional ability (i.e., the health-related attributes that enable people to be and to do what they have reason to value) is determined by intrinsic capacity (i.e., the composite of all the physical and mental capacities of an individual), the environment (i.e., all the factors in the extrinsic world that form the context of an individual’s life), and the interactions between the two. This innovative model recently proposed by the World Health Organization has the potential to substantially modify the way in which clinical practice is currently conducted, shifting from disease-centered towards function-centered paradigms. By overcoming the multiple limitations affecting the construct of disease, this novel framework may allow the worldwide dissemination of a more proactive and function-based approach towards achieving optimal health status. In order to facilitate the translation of the current theoretical model into practice, it is important to identify the inner nature of its constituting constructs. In this paper, we consider intrinsic capacity. Using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework as background and taking into account available evidence, five domains (i.e., locomotion, vitality, cognition, psychological, sensory) are identified as pivotal for capturing the individual’s intrinsic capacity (and therefore also reserves) and, through this, pave the way for its objective measurement. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULiège) Modalité et Sémantique. A propos de la réception de Hegel par William JamesLejeune, Guillaume in Hegel-Studien (2018), 51Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULiège) BelgiumHusson, Jean-François in Yearbook of Muslims en Europe (2018), 9This article reviews the position of Muslims in Belgium in 2016 in various aspects: demography, discrimination, relations with public authorities, public funding, Muslim organisations, etc.Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULiège) Statistically Bundled Shewhart Control Charts for Monitoring Delivery Chains SystemsFoster, Earnest; Faraz, Alireza ; Heuchenne, Cédric in European Journal of Industrial Engineering (2018)Continuous monitoring of Delivery Time variables by means of control charts in a delivery chain is a very recent application of Statistical Process Control (SPC) to the service sector. The aim of the ... [more ▼]Continuous monitoring of Delivery Time variables by means of control charts in a delivery chain is a very recent application of Statistical Process Control (SPC) to the service sector. The aim of the proposed method is to provide supply chain decision makers with an easy to be managed tool monitoring the current functioning state of the delivery chain. The implementation of SPC control charts makes it possible to limit over-corrections to false alarm conditions and to maintain at an acceptable level the safety stock, with a consequent reduction of the overall management costs of the delivery chain. An illustrative example shows the proposed control chart implementation in a real delivery chain. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 130 (14 ULiège) Sartre in Venedig: der Mann, der in die Kälte gingCormann, Grégory ; Viehöver, Vera in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2018), 11Detailed reference viewed: 52 (9 ULiège) The psml format and library for norm-conserving pseudopotential data curation and interoperabilityGarcia, Alberto; Verstraete, Matthieu ; Pouillon, Yann et alin Computer Physics Communications (2018)Detailed reference viewed: 21 (4 ULiège) Landmark detection in 2D bioimages for geometric morphometrics: a multi-resolution tree-based approach.Vandaele, Rémy ; Aceto, Jessica; Muller, Marc et alin Scientific Reports (2018), 8(1), 538The detection of anatomical landmarks in bioimages is a necessary but tedious step for geometric morphometrics studies in many research domains. We propose variants of a multi-resolution tree-based ... [more ▼]The detection of anatomical landmarks in bioimages is a necessary but tedious step for geometric morphometrics studies in many research domains. We propose variants of a multi-resolution tree-based approach to speed-up the detection of landmarks in bioimages. We extensively evaluate our method variants on three different datasets (cephalometric, zebrafish, and drosophila images). We identify the key method parameters (notably the multi-resolution) and report results with respect to human ground truths and existing methods. Our method achieves recognition performances competitive with current existing approaches while being generic and fast. The algorithms are integrated in the open-source Cytomine software and we provide parameter configuration guidelines so that they can be easily exploited by end-users. Finally, datasets are readily available through a Cytomine server to foster future research. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 27 (6 ULiège)