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See detailEvaluation of mandibular and medial retropharyngeal lymph nodes in the staging of dogs with oral malignant melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma
Grimes, Janet; Mestrinho, Lisa; Berg, John et al

in Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (in press)

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See detailEquivalence des hypothèses et relativité du mouvement dans la Dynamica
Bouquiaux, Laurence ULiege

in Studia Leibnitiana (in press)

Leibniz’s conception of the relativity of motion has been discussed at length for a very long time. This paper doesn’t aim to give a full solution to this question, but to contribute to the debate by ... [more ▼]

Leibniz’s conception of the relativity of motion has been discussed at length for a very long time. This paper doesn’t aim to give a full solution to this question, but to contribute to the debate by clarifying how the principle of relativity is introduced, justified and used in the Dynamica. Four different principles are identified : one purely geometrical, and three (meta)physical principles, which express God’s wisdom : a principle of equivalence of hypotheses linked to the action/reaction principle, a galilean principle of relativity and a general principle which apply not only to rectilinear motions but also to circular ones. I argue that to appreciate the coherence of Leibniz’ approach, we should distinguish these principles more sharply than he himself did and pay more attention to their status : are they consequences of the definition of motion, consequences of the physical laws or necessary conditions for any physical theory ? [less ▲]

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See detailImposer l'imposture - L'ethos des Onze
Vandormael, Thomas ULiege

in Licorne (La) (in press), 131

Pierre Michon raconte, avec Les Onze (2008), l’histoire de la Révolution Française à travers celle d’un tableau…fictif. Par le biais d’une scénographie (D. Mainguenau, 2009) muséale qui dénonce la ... [more ▼]

Pierre Michon raconte, avec Les Onze (2008), l’histoire de la Révolution Française à travers celle d’un tableau…fictif. Par le biais d’une scénographie (D. Mainguenau, 2009) muséale qui dénonce la théatralisation du savoir et de l’histoire, Michon propose une énonciation paradoxalement forte du fait qu’elle repose sur une absence, un mensonge. Nous verrons comment la relation du piège énonciatif lui permet de considérer, à la lumière de la grande Histoire, ceux qu’il appelle les Limousins, la misère des sans grade, les itinéraires impossibles et les rares ascensions. En somme : l’idéal d’égalité au cœur de la R. F., et avec elle la possibilité d’un « Je » (re)naissant. [less ▲]

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See detailCapillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry of derivatized amino acids for targeted neurometabolomics – pH mediated reversal of diastereomer migration order
Moldovan, Radu-Cristian ULiege; Bodoki, Ede; Servais, Anne-Catherine ULiege et al

in Journal of Chromatography. A (in press)

A targeted CE-MS approach was developed for the chiral analysis of biologically relevant amino acids in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF). In order to achieve chiral resolution, the five amino acids ... [more ▼]

A targeted CE-MS approach was developed for the chiral analysis of biologically relevant amino acids in artificial cerebrospinal fluid (aCSF). In order to achieve chiral resolution, the five amino acids (Ser, Asn, Asp, Gln and Glu) were derivatized with (+)-1-(9-fluorenyl)ethyl chloroformate ((+)-FLEC). The diastereoselectivity was found to be highly dependent on pH for all analytes and the optimized background electrolyte (BGE) consisted of 150 mM acetic acid, adjusted to pH 3.7 with NH4OH. Furthermore, a reversal of the migration order of Asp derivatives was observed. This phenomenon seems to be caused by intra-molecular interactions affecting the pKa of the second ionizable group (the side chain carboxyl). The applicability of this method was evaluated using aCSF. A solid phase extraction (SPE) protocol was developed for the selective extraction of the FLEC derivatives. A full evaluation of the matrix effect and extraction yield was performed concluding that the matrix effect is marginal and the recoveries are between 46 and 92%. The method offers adequate sensitivity (limits of detection below 1 μM). [less ▲]

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See detailReview of the guideline of the American College of Physicians on the treatment of osteoporosis.
Kanis, J.A.; Cooper, C.; Rizzoli, R et al

in Osteoporosis International (in press)

Summary: This review, endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases ... [more ▼]

Summary: This review, endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, summarizes several failings of the recent guidelines of the American College of Physicians (ACP) on the treatment of low bone density or osteoporosis to prevent fractures. Introduction: The ACP recently issued guidelines for the treatment of low bone density or osteoporosis to prevent fractures. Methods : Literature review and critical review of the ACP guidelines. Results :The guideline is lacking in scope due to the endorsement of treatment based on T-scores rather than fracture risk assessment and in failure to adequately consider anabolic therapies. Conclusions :The ACP guideline appears outdated. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution à un lexique épigraphique: "deltographéma"
Famerie, Etienne ULiege

in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik (in press)

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See detailUrethral intussusception following traumatic catheterization in a male cat
Broux, Olivier ULiege; Vangrinsven, Emilie ULiege; Etienne, Anne-Laure ULiege et al

in Canadian Veterinary Journal (in press)

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See detailTwo New Ur III Letters in the Louvre Museum
Colonna d'Istria, Laurent ULiege

in Rivista Degli Studi Orientali (in press)

This article provides the publication of two new Ur III letters kept at Louvre Museum. The content of these letters is concise as the majority of the Ur III administrative letters. The first one asks for ... [more ▼]

This article provides the publication of two new Ur III letters kept at Louvre Museum. The content of these letters is concise as the majority of the Ur III administrative letters. The first one asks for the return of persons before an inspection and the second letter asks for the release of one barge carrying sesame. [less ▲]

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See detailLeveraging Resources for Statistical Machine Translation on Asian Low Resource Languages
Trieu, Hai Long; Ittoo, Ashwin ULiege; Nguyen, Le Minh

in ACM Transactions on Asian and Low-Resource Language Information Processing (in press)

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See detailModelling of short-term interactions between concrete support and the excavated damage zone around galleries drilled in Callovo-Oxfordian claystone
Argilaga, Albert ULiege; Collin, Frédéric ULiege; Lacarrière, Laurie et al

in International Journal of Civil Engineering (in press)

Production of energy from nuclear power plants generates high-level radioactive nuclear waste, harmful during dozens of thousand years. Deep geological disposal of nuclear waste represents the most ... [more ▼]

Production of energy from nuclear power plants generates high-level radioactive nuclear waste, harmful during dozens of thousand years. Deep geological disposal of nuclear waste represents the most reliable solutions for its safe isolation. Confinement of radioactive wastes relies on the multi-barrier concept in which isolation is provided by a series of engineered (canister, backfill) and natural (host rock) barriers. Few underground research laboratories have been built all over the world to test and validate storage solutions. The underground drilling process of disposal drifts may generate cracks, fractures/strain localisation in shear bands within the rock surrounding the gallery especially in argillaceous rocks. These degradations affect the hydro-mechanical properties of the material, such as permeability, e.g. creating a preferential flow path for radionuclide migration. Hydraulic conductivity increase within this zone must remain limited to preserve the natural barrier. In addition galleries are currently reinforced by different types of concrete supports such as shotcrete and/or prefab elements. Their purpose is twofold: avoiding partial collapse of the tunnel during drilling operations and limiting convergence of the surrounding rock. Properties of both concrete and rock mass are time dependent, due to shotcrete hydration and hydromechanical couplings within the host rock. By the use of a hydro-mechanical coupled Finite Element Code with a Second Gradient regularization, this paper aims at investigating and predicting support and rock interactions (convergence, stress field). The effect of shotcrete hydration evolution, spraying time and use of compressible wedges is studied in order to determine their relative influence. [less ▲]

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See detailFormaliser l’intervention collective pour soutenir la résilience individuelle : Modèle d’une analyse post-événementielle dans l’accompagnement des décès d’enfants en milieu hospitalier
Minguet, Bénédicte ULiege; Blavier, Adelaïde ULiege

in Travail Humain (in press)

L’analyse post-évènementielle est un dispositif de soutien collectif des équipes soignantes mis en place après chaque décès d’enfant hospitalisé. Sa méthodologie comprenant une régulation pour la ... [more ▼]

L’analyse post-évènementielle est un dispositif de soutien collectif des équipes soignantes mis en place après chaque décès d’enfant hospitalisé. Sa méthodologie comprenant une régulation pour la médiation interprofessionnelle en séance oriente les échanges sous la forme d’analyse de pratiques. Elle permet le développement de l’acte individuel et collectif du travail. C’est une nouvelle voie de soutien liée à la créativité et l’expertise collective de l’équipe, dont la permanence du dispositif accompagne la progression dans le temps. La participation de l’équipe à l’amélioration de ses pratiques et de ses conditions d’organisation offre une ressource supplémentaire pour faire face à la souffrance liée à la relation à l’enfant et la famille endeuillée. L’article questionne alors la responsabilité institutionnelle dans le choix de dispositifs préventifs de soutien face aux situations générant de la souffrance au travail. Il s’appuie sur une expérience de 15 ans et illustre la méthode par une situation concrète. Post-event analysis is a collective support for healthcare teams put in place after each death of hospitalized child. Its methodology, including regulation for interprofessional mediation in session, guides exchanges in the form of analysis of practices. It increases the development of the individual and collective act of work. It is a new channel of support linked to the creativity and collective expertise of the team, and this device accompanies the team progress over time. The team's participation in improving its practices and organizational conditions provides an additional resource to deal with the suffering associated with the relationship with the child and the bereaved family. In the discussion, the article questions the institutional responsibility in the choice of preventive devices to support situations generating suffering at work. [less ▲]

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See detailL'espace transitionnel winnicotien et l'_Urraum_ kantien
Seba, Jean-Renaud ULiege

in Revista Natureza Humana (in press)

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See detailProposal of a new tDCS safety screening tool TSST (Transcranial direct current stimulation Safety Screening Tool)
Bornheim, Stephen ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege; Maquet, Pierre ULiege et al

in American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (in press)

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See detailHumor Associated with Positive Outcomes in Individual Psychotherapy
Panichelli, Christophe ULiege; Albert, Adelin ULiege; Donneau, Anne-Françoise ULiege et al

in American Journal of Psychotherapy (in press), APT-2018-0021

Considerable anecdotal evidence points to the usefulness of humor in the therapeutic process, but empirical evidence is still lacking. This study searched for an association between humor and therapy ... [more ▼]

Considerable anecdotal evidence points to the usefulness of humor in the therapeutic process, but empirical evidence is still lacking. This study searched for an association between humor and therapy outcomes in a real-life population of 110 adult psychotherapy clients who attended at least 10 therapy sessions. Clients and their therapist evaluated the frequency and intensity of humorous events, as well as therapy effectiveness, therapeutic alliance, perceived hope and pleasure to participate in therapy sessions. We found a strong positive correlation between humor and therapy effectiveness, in both client (rs = .40; p < .0001) and therapist perspectives (rs = .37; p < .0001). The link between humor and effectiveness remained significant in more severe subgroups of clients, even though these clients reported less humor in their therapies. Further research is needed to determine if humor actually enhances therapy outcomes, or if positive outcomes trigger the occurrence of humor. [less ▲]

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See detailInter-breed variation in biomarkers of lipid and glucose metabolism
Gomez Fernandez Blanco, Carlos ULiege; Peeters, Dominique ULiege; Moyse, Evelyne ULiege et al

in Veterinary Clinical Pathology (in press)

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See detailRéduire l’altérité au travers des processus de traduction et de représentation
Leclercq, Bruno ULiege; Smette, Bernard ULiege

in Doctorales. Revue LLA-SHS de Montpellier (in press)

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity ... [more ▼]

WVO Quine questions the « myth » of an ideal realm of shared meanings which every national language would express in its own way. Against the hope of transparent translations, he insists on the necessity for building equivalences from one language to another through a strategy of reducing the differences in rationality among nations as much as possible. According to Quine, otherness is not insuperable impediment to meeting/encounter and mutual understanding ; by throwing our conceptual schemes on the other communities’ uses/practices – which of course involves some symbolic violence – gaps can always been narrowed. Similarly E. Laclau questions the traditional conception of political representation, which is seen as the transparent process of transmitting someone’s will or interests on another level. For this ideal conception of representation, Laclau substitutes a pragmatic conception which takes in account the irreducible gap between the actors as well as the constitutive opacity of the process of representation : the subject’s will is constituted within the process of representation and through the representative’s productive role. In order to be transposed at the decision-making level, the subject’s interests must be translated by the representative as well as be negotiated with the other represented interests. This implies that the initial will undergoes some identity transformations. [less ▲]

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See detailVideo Games in France and Francophone Belgium. Discourses and cultural legitimation
Delbouille, Julie ULiege

in Contemporary French Civilization (in press)

Since its first appearance in the early 1960s, video game has become one of the most popular forms of entertainment in France and francophone Belgium. As for other cultural industries, the last decades ... [more ▼]

Since its first appearance in the early 1960s, video game has become one of the most popular forms of entertainment in France and francophone Belgium. As for other cultural industries, the last decades have seen the emergence of multiple discourses around video game, whether they come from the media, the public or the private sphere. From the themes of violence and addiction to the perception of video game as a cultural object, this paper aims to provide a comprehensive overview of game-related discourses and representations (and their recent evolution) in Francophone Europe. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential for the use of lactoperoxidase against post-harvest diseases on fruit
Bafort, Françoise ULiege; Perraudin, Jean-Paul; Jijakli, Haissam ULiege

in Acta Horticulturae (in press)

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See detailA lubricant boundary condition for a biological body lined by a thin heterogeneous biofilm
El Jarroudi, Mustapha; Hajjami, r.; Lahrouz, a. et al

in International Journal of Biomathematics (in press)

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See detailFib3-3 as a biomarker for osteoarthritis in a rat model with metabolic dysregulation
de Visser, Huub; Sanchez, Christelle ULiege; Mastbergen, Simon et al

in Cartilage (in press)

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See detailIllness perceptions explain the variance in functional disability, but not habitual physical activity, in patients with chronic low back pain: A cross-sectional study
Leysen, Marijke; Nijs, Jo; Van Wilgen, Paul et al

in Pain Practice (in press)

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See detailIdentifying the tree species compositions that maximize ecosystem functioning in European forests
Baeten, Lander; Bruelheide; van der Plas, Fons et al

in Journal of Applied Ecology (in press)

1. Forest ecosystem functioning generally benefits from higher tree species richness, but within richness levels variation is typically large, mostly due to the contrasting performances of communities ... [more ▼]

1. Forest ecosystem functioning generally benefits from higher tree species richness, but within richness levels variation is typically large, mostly due to the contrasting performances of communities with different compositions. Evidence-based understanding of composition effects on forest productivity as well as on multiple other functions has large practical relevance, because forest managers are more likely to be concerned with the selection of species that maximize functioning rather than with diversity per se. 2. Here we used a dataset of thirty ecosystem functions measured in stands with different species richness and composition in six European forest types. First, we quantified whether the compositions that maximize annual aboveground wood production (productivity) generally also fulfill the multiple other ecosystem functions (multifunctionality). Then, we quantified the species identify effects and strength of interspecific interactions, to identify the “best” and “worst” species composition for multifunctionality. Finally, we evaluated the real-world frequency of occurrence of best and worst mixtures, using harmonized data from multiple national forest inventories. 3. The most productive tree species combinations also tended to express relatively high multifunctionality, although we found a relatively wide range of compositions with high or low average multifunctionality for the same level of productivity. Monocultures were distributed among the highest as well as the lowest performing compositions. The variation in functioning between compositions was generally driven by differences in the performance of the component species and, to a lesser extent, by particular interspecific interactions. Finally, we found that the most frequent species compositions in inventory data were monospecific stands and that the most common compositions showed below-average multifunctionality and productivity. 4. Synthesis and applications. While a management focus on productivity does not necessarily trade-off against other ecosystem functions, it matters considerably which particular tree species and combinations are promoted. These identity and composition effects are essential in thecontext of developing high-performing production systems, for instance in forestry and agriculture, and deserve much more attention in the analysis and design of functional biodiversity studies if the aim is to inform ecosystem management. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic diversity mirrors trophic ecology in coral reef fish feeding guilds
Gajdzik, Laura; Bernardi, Giacomo; Lepoint, Gilles ULiege et al

in Molecular Ecology (in press)

Genetic diversity is essential for species persistence because it provides the raw material for evolution. For marine organisms, short pelagic larval duration (PLD) and small population size are ... [more ▼]

Genetic diversity is essential for species persistence because it provides the raw material for evolution. For marine organisms, short pelagic larval duration (PLD) and small population size are characteristics generally assumed to associate with low genetic diversity. The ecological diversity of organisms may also affect genetic diversity, with an expected corollary that more restricted habitat and dietary requirements could lead to a reduced genetic diversity because of pronounced genetic structuring. Here, we tested whether groups of species with narrower trophic niches displayed lower genetic diversity than those with broader niches. In order to test those predictions, we used different trophic guilds (i.e. groups of species having similar trophic habits) of coral reef damselfishes in Moorea (French Polynesia) for which we determined their genetic diversity using Restriction site−associated DNA sequencing (RADseq) and their trophic ecology with stomach contents and stable isotope data. We found that pelagic feeders, i.e. the guild picking zooplankton in the water column, exhibited the lowest genetic diversity despite having the longest PLD and the largest population size. This guild had also the lowest variation in habitat characteristics and dietary composition compared to benthic feeders (i.e. those mainly grazing on algae) and the intermediate group (i.e. those feeding on zooplankton, filamentous algae and small benthic invertebrates). Our findings highlight the association between trophic ecology and genetic diversity that should be more commonly investigated in population genetics. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterizing the Eemian-Weichselian transition in northwestern Europe with three multiproxy speleothem archives from two Belgian cave systems (Han-sur-Lesse and Remouchamps).
Vansteenberge, Stef; Verheyden, Sophie; Genty, Dominique et al

in Quaternary Science Reviews (in press)

Interglacial to glacial transitions represent the most drastic turnovers in the Quaternary climate system. Yet, millennial-scaled climate variability and stochastic internal variability that result in ... [more ▼]

Interglacial to glacial transitions represent the most drastic turnovers in the Quaternary climate system. Yet, millennial-scaled climate variability and stochastic internal variability that result in these transitions remain still poorly understood. Here, three speleothem archives from two different cave systems in Belgium (Han-sur-Lesse and Remouchamps) are investigated using a multiproxy approach in order to characterize the last interglacial to glacial transition. The studied samples roughly span the period between 125 ka and 100 ka, covering a large part of the Eemian and early Weichselian. The speleothems show a high reproducibility for δ13C, which is interpreted as a proxy for past vegetation activity, controlled by vegetation assembly above the cave. All three speleothems show a drastic increase in δ13C between 118 to 117 ka, reflecting a rapid change of vegetation assembly from last interglacial temperate tree species towards glacial more open grass vegetation. This event shows a strong affinity in terms of timing and climatic expression with the Late Eemian Aridity Pulse (LEAP) at 118 ± 1 ka, identified in pollen records from Western Germany. Aligning the chronologies of the two independently dated Han-sur-Lesse speleothem records enables a more precise absolute chronology and provides an age of 117.7 ± 0.5 ka to the start of this event in the Belgian speleothems. This event marks a distinct transition in the Belgian speleothem proxies between Eemian optimum conditions and increased variability during the glacial inception and the start of this event at 117.7 ± 0.5 ka is therefore proposed as the Eemian- Weichselian transition and consequently the start of the glacial inception in the studied speleothems. High-resolution analysis shows that the 117.7 ± 0.5 ka event is initiated by a cooling pulse followed by a decrease in precipitation. A similar short-lived cooling event is also registered in multiple North-Atlantic sediment archives. This study hypothesizes that the origin of the cooling event at 117.7 ka is an internal climate response caused by the substantial amount of freshwater input from degraded ice-sheets by the end of the Eemian (~120-118 ka). There is thus a clear climatic connection between the Belgian speleothems and other continental European archives and North Atlantic marine archives, providing the possibility of improving less constrained chronologies by alignment to the independently constructed speleothem age-depth model presented in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing a penalty term to deal with spurious oscillations in second gradient finite elements
Soufflet, Marc; Jouan, Gwendal; Kotronis, Panagiotis et al

in International Journal of Damage Mechanics (in press)

It is well known that it is necessary to introduce a length scale parameter in a continuum damage mechanics model to correctly simulate strain localization. The second gradient model, a special case of ... [more ▼]

It is well known that it is necessary to introduce a length scale parameter in a continuum damage mechanics model to correctly simulate strain localization. The second gradient model, a special case of kinematically enriched continua, considers an internal length parameter by taking into account the second order derivatives of the displacements in the virtual power principle. In this paper, we show that the original second gradient finite element of Chambon and co-workers can present spurious oscillations, especially for mode I crack propagation problems. After providing the plane stress second gradient constitutive law, we propose to add a penalty term in the original formulation in order to improve numerical convergence and to avoid spurious oscillations in the local variables distributions. Two numerical examples using classical damage mechanics laws, a three points reinforced concrete beam and a trapezoidal notched specimen are used to test the performance of the formulation. Parametrical studies are also shown on the influence of the penalty parameter. The problem of unrealistic damage spreading for damage values close to one, occurring often in mode I crack propagation problems, is finally discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSpectral Echoes in Caryl Phillips’s The Nature of Blood
Mascoli, Giulia ULiege

in Lectures du Monde Anglophone (in press)

In A New World Order (2001) Caryl Phillips claims that “every writer discovers that his or her main struggle is with this one world: form” (293). His struggle with form bears on questions such as how to ... [more ▼]

In A New World Order (2001) Caryl Phillips claims that “every writer discovers that his or her main struggle is with this one world: form” (293). His struggle with form bears on questions such as how to write about unbearably painful lives, how to mirror the trauma undergone by his characters, or how to speak about the unspeakable. Phillips seems to have found a stylistic device enabling him to offer the readers a sense of his characters’ traumatic experience and mirror their emotional state: the musicalization of his prose. Phillips’s use of what I call musical writing is striking in his 1997 novel The Nature of Blood, especially in the sections devoted to Eva. This essay offers an interpretation of Phillips’s musical prose through close readings of Eva’s story and explores how the author’s musical stylization can also reflect the two different ways of approaching traumatic experience suggested by Dominick LaCapra’s: “acting out” and “working through” (Writing 21–2, History 54,104). This piece also shows how through stylistic devices akin to music Phillips resorts to a language which both seeks and defies the reader’s understanding, thereby avoiding any easy identification with Eva. [less ▲]

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See detailIPCAPS: an R package for iterative pruning to capture population structure
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULiege; Abegaz Yazew, Fentaw; Tongsima, Sissades et al

in Bioinformatics (in press)

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with ... [more ▼]

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widely used to describe shared genetic an- cestry, improvements can be made targeting fine-level population structure. This work presents an R package called IPCAPS, which uses SNP information for resolving possibly fine-level population structure. The IPCAPS routines are built on the iterative pruning Principal Component Analysis (ipP- CA) framework to systematically assign individuals to genetically similar subgroups. Our tool is able to detect and eliminate outliers in each iteration to avoid misclassification. It can be extended to de- tect subtle subgrouping in patients as well. In addition, IPCAPS supports different measurement scales for variables used to identify substructure. Hence, panels of gene expression and methylation data can be accommodated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Drivers of Structural Change
Van Neuss, Leif ULiege

in Journal of Economic Surveys (in press)

The main goal of this paper is to provide an integrated survey of the literature devoted to identifying the drivers of structural change, broadly defined as the process of reallocation of economic ... [more ▼]

The main goal of this paper is to provide an integrated survey of the literature devoted to identifying the drivers of structural change, broadly defined as the process of reallocation of economic activity across the three broad sectors agriculture, manufacturing and services. Using the GGDC 10-Sector Database, this paper first presents the empirical facts associated with structural change in different regions of the world – i.e. Europe and the USA, Asia, Latin America, and Africa – then reviews four determinants of structural change: (i) changes in income, (ii) changes in relative (sectoral) prices, (iii) changes in input-output linkages and (iv) changes in comparative advantage(s) via globalization and trade. [less ▲]

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See detailA.P.M.H. Lardinois, J.H Blok et M.G.M. Van der Poel, Sacred Words: Orality, Literacy and Religion, Leiden-Boston, Brill, 2011
Delli Pizzi, Aurian ULiege

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (in press)

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See detailEmpirical Evidence on the Market Power, Business Model, Banking Stability and Performance in the Emerging Economies
Yudha Sudrajad, Oktofa; Hübner, Georges ULiege

in Eurasian Business Review (in press)

This paper studies the nexus between banks’ market power and business model represented by non-interest income and non-deposit short-term funding share. We also examine the impact of bank business model ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the nexus between banks’ market power and business model represented by non-interest income and non-deposit short-term funding share. We also examine the impact of bank business model on banking stability and performance. We use a sample made up with six ASEAN country banking sectors from 2002 to 2015. We find that banks with a strong capital base but lower net interest margin perform better in translating their market power to generate non-traditional income as alternative soruce of revenues. Our findings also show that the implementation of Basel 2 Accord encourages banks to create non-interest income from trading & derivatives activities. We also document that banks with higher market power tend to increase non-deposit short-term funding in their banking scheme. In the evaluation of the banking stability, our results suggest that banks with greater non-traditional income are associated with less banking overall risk. Moreover, non-traditional incomes also contribute to better bank performance. [less ▲]

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See detailPhosphate wasting disorders in adults
Marcucci, G; Masi, L; Ferrari, S et al

in Osteoporosis International (in press)

A cause of hypophosphatemia is phosphate wasting disorders. Knowledge concerning mechanisms involved in phosphate wasting disorders has greatly increased in the last decade by the identification of ... [more ▼]

A cause of hypophosphatemia is phosphate wasting disorders. Knowledge concerning mechanisms involved in phosphate wasting disorders has greatly increased in the last decade by the identification of phosphatonins, among them FGF-23. FGF-23 is a primarily bone derived factor decreasing renal tubular reabsorption of phosphate and the synthesis of calcitriol. Currently, pharmacological treatment of these disorders offers limited efficacy and is potentially associated to gastrointestinal, renal, and parathyroid complications; therefore, efforts have been directed toward newer pharmacological strategies that target the FGF-23 pathway. This review focuses on phosphate metabolism, its main regulators, and phosphate wasting disorders in adults, highlighting the main issues related to diagnosis and current and new potential treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailBehaviors speak louder than explicit reports: Implicit metacognition in 2.5- year- old children
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege

in Developmental Science (in press)

Recent research has shown that children as young as age 3.5 show behavioral responses to uncertainty although they are not able to report it explicitly. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that some ... [more ▼]

Recent research has shown that children as young as age 3.5 show behavioral responses to uncertainty although they are not able to report it explicitly. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that some form of metacognition is already available to guide children’s decision before the age of 3. Two groups of 2.5- and 3.5- year- old children were asked to complete a forced- choice perceptual identification test and to explicitly rate their confidence in each decision. Moreover, participants had the opportunity to ask for a cue to help them decide if their response was correct. Our results revealed that all children asked for a cue more often after an incorrect response than after a correct response in the forced- choice identification test, indicating a good ability to implicitly introspect on the results of their cognitive operations. On the contrary, none of these children displayed metacognitive sensitivity when making explicit confidence judgments, consistent with previous evidence of later development of explicit metacognition. Critically, our findings suggest that implicit metacognition exists much earlier than typically assumed, as early as 2.5 years of age. [less ▲]

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See detailConservation Ethics in the 21th Century: Towards an Extended Toolkit
Houbart, Claudine ULiege; Dawans, Stéphane ULiege

in Heritage for Future (in press)

In his now classic essay on the « Régimes d’historicité », the French historian François Hartog (2003) has very well described the effect of globalisation, democratisation and mass consumerism on our ... [more ▼]

In his now classic essay on the « Régimes d’historicité », the French historian François Hartog (2003) has very well described the effect of globalisation, democratisation and mass consumerism on our relation with the past and thus, with heritage. In the course of the 1970’s, at a time when the ink of the Venice Charter was barely dry, postmodernity triggered a loss of collective anchoring and memory, paradoxically accompanied by an amplification of the thirst for commemorations, in the name of identity or heritage. Pierre Nora’s great endeavour « Les lieux de mémoire », fully corresponds to this « presentism » era, including aside from monuments, museum and archives, intellectual constructions such as the Larousse encyclopaedia (Nora 1989). It very well illustrates the « extension of the heritage domain » as defined by the sociologist Nathalie Heinich (2009). In our « post-monumental » era, anything can possibly become heritage, regardless of scale, of artistic qualities, of age or ontological degree – from tangible to intangible. This is a sign of times. Following the example of Nelson Goodman replacing the essentialist definitions of art with the question « When is there art ? » (Goodman 1976), we should consider focusing on a dynamic and operational definition of heritage. The question « When is there heritage ?» better correspond to contemporary cultural studies and our attempt to understand « heritagization »; it contains the idea of a performative action, implying new actors, new dynamics, new process, new research questions, new difficulties and new opportunities. And by necessity new concepts. We are far from rejecting theories from the past which provided us with effective and stimulating tools. But who could still imagine today, in the situation we described, that any system could fully encompass the heritage reality as the grand theories – Brandi, Riegl,… – succeeded to do? The repeated attempts to get the Venice charter revised from the 1970’s on (Houbart 2014), and the multiplication of thematic documents and charters are the best illustration of this impossibility. But while postmodern thinkers made us suspicious towards large systems, they also made us more modest and above all, more inclined to respect « bricolage », as a most helpful attitude after a shipwreck. We believe that the current return to a case by case approach – as promoted from the interwar period by theoreticians such as Ambrogio Annoni (1946) – often mostly relying on practical constraints such as reuse and technical performances, combined with the use of decontextualised concepts – separated articles from the Venice Charter, for example – and practices – using the Ise shrine periodical rebuilding to advocate any reconstruction project – doesn’t mean to accept a cynical relativism in answer to the cause of a capital-intensive machine. But in practice, we cannot deny that it has sometimes been the case: the clearest examples are the debates addressing the reconstruction of monuments all over Europe, based on a jumble of arguments confusing the pure mercantilism of the tourism industry or unconfessed political reasons with post-conflict identity issues or religious traditions (Monumental 2010). Reflecting on such reconstruction projects, raising questions of identity, has convinced us of the incompleteness of the toolkit we inherited from 20th century theoreticians. Though still perfectly relevant to address the issues that were already present at the time when they were elaborated, they might prove inappropriate to address new types of heritage, new concerns, new issues such as cultural tourism, inclusive approaches, modern heritage or the digital turn. In this context, we have been drawn to look at texts outside the conservation sphere, starting from ontology of art and analytical philosophy. We discovered that taking a step to the side could provide a stimulating insight on heritage conservation problems. In fact, it is not surprising that, facing what many have called a heritage inflation, some new actors could help us. Now that heritage has quitted the monuments sphere to encompass any material or immaterial reality worthy of conservation and that the expert point of view is challenged by the ones of a broad range of stakeholders, from the user to the investor, it becomes interesting to look at this reality from different points of view borrowed to a wide range of human sciences such as law, communication, aesthetics, semiotics, anthropology or philosophy, to name a few. Together with our colleague Muriel Verbeeck, we are currently gathering texts in order to propose an anthology that could complement the existing ones in helping to fill conceptual gaps and throw a reinvigorating light on new problems raising old questions. The originality of the project is to chose most texts outside the conservation world, and to address movable and immovable heritage at the same time. During our presentation, we will provide some examples of the usefulness of these new concepts, some already known by a number of conservators – such as the distinction proposed by Nelson Goodman between allography and autography (Goodman 1976) –, some not – the impact of intention on identity, based on texts by Theodore Scaltsas (1981), for example –, and will encourage the members of the committee who might be interested in this approach to contribute to the project. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of specific tests in bike-trials riders and relationship with jumping ability
Thomas, Pierre-Charles; Miny, Kévin ULiege; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

in Science & Sports (in press)

Aims of the study - The first aim of this study was to set a battery of field tests in order to assess specific muscular function of biketrial riders. The second aim was to investigate the discrimination ... [more ▼]

Aims of the study - The first aim of this study was to set a battery of field tests in order to assess specific muscular function of biketrial riders. The second aim was to investigate the discrimination of these tests by comparing the performance of elite and amateur riders. Material and method - Twenty ELITE biketrial riders and 13 biketrial amateurs (AMAT) underwent field tests. The battery of field tests consisted in four non specific jumping tests (SJ, CMJ,SBJ and Reactivity) and three original specific tests on the bike (bike gap, side-hop over an elastic and holding time on the back-wheel). All the tests were performed on the field with portable equipment. Results – The results show that bike specific tests are very discriminant: ELITE riders were significantly superior in each test (p<0.001) The 20in riders seem to have a greater jumping ability in comparison with the 24in riders. The correlation between the jumping field tests and the bike specific tests is fairly high (r>0.7). Conclusion – The field tests as well as the bike specific tests showed to be selective and discriminant for the biketrial rider’s. Jumping ability appears to be very important in order to achieve the elite level. [less ▲]

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See detailLevallois et Gravettien
Otte, Marcel ULiege; Noiret, Pierre ULiege

in Praehistoria (in press)

Par opposition à ceux de l’Aurignacien, les ensembles lithiques gravettiens procèdent selon une méthode rappelant le Levallois quant à la préparation des supports. Mais les variations observables au sein ... [more ▼]

Par opposition à ceux de l’Aurignacien, les ensembles lithiques gravettiens procèdent selon une méthode rappelant le Levallois quant à la préparation des supports. Mais les variations observables au sein du Gravettien touchent autant les processus de symbolisation dans l’art et les sépultures. Elles affectent différents substrats eurasiatiques, plutôt septentrionaux, comme mis en réserve dès les Néandertaliens. [less ▲]

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See detailExploration of Dating Violence and Related Attitudes Among Adolescents and Emerging Adults
Courtain, Audrey ULiege; Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege

in Journal of Interpersonal Violence (in press)

Young people’s romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their ... [more ▼]

Young people’s romantic relationships can be marked with various forms of dating violence (DV). However, adolescents and emerging adults do not necessarily acknowledge this violence because of their attitudes toward dating violence. Our study aims to study dating violence and attitudes toward this phenomenon through two well-established questionnaires administered jointly in their entirety. Indeed, too many studies report results on some dimensions and items, neglecting the richness of available tools. The Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory and the Attitudes Toward Dating Violence Scale were self-administered to 1,014 participants (M age = 18.9) attending secondary schools or a regional college. They reported the frequency of their dating violence perpetration and victimization, and their attitudes toward dating violence. Results show that relational and sexual violence perpetration rates are higher for males, physical violence perpetration rate is higher for females, and relational violence victimization is higher for males. MANCOVAs not only show the same trends for scores but also underline more frequent emotional violence perpetrated by females, physical victimization for males, and sexual victimization for females. Males show higher tolerance toward every form of dating violence; younger participants are also more tolerant. Participants are more tolerant toward male-perpetrated psychological DV than femaleperpetrated ones, and more tolerant toward female-perpetrated physical and sexual DV compared with male-perpetrated physical and sexual DV. There are patterns of multiperpetration, multivictimization, bidirectionality, and multi(in)tolerance. Our paper contributes to the symmetry debate, a better understanding of the link between attitudes and violent behaviors, a further step on gendered attitudes regarding who perpetrates and who sustains. [less ▲]

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See detailEvent segmentation and the temporal compression of experience in episodic memory
Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege

in Psychological Research (in press)

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See detailLes haruspices publics au service de Rome : des aristocrates convoqués d’Étrurie ? Quels aristocrates ?
Berthelet, Yann ULiege

in Dialogues d'Histoire Ancienne (in press)

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See detailTracing Lost Editions of Parisian Printers in the Sixteenth Century: The Case of Jean Bonfons and his Widow
Adam, Renaud ULiege

in The Library: The Transactions of the Bibliographical Society (in press)

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See detailSmart Home Technology: a new approach for performance measurements of activities of daily living and prediction of mild cognitive impairment in older adults
Lussier, Maxime; Adam, Stéphane ULiege; Chikhaoui, Belkacem et al

in Journal of Alzheimer's Disease (in press)

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See detailCompte rendu : Marc Kiwitt, Les gloses françaises du glossaire biblique B.N. hébr. 301
Baiwir, Esther ULiege

in Moyen Age (Le) (in press)

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See detailUnderstanding osteoporotic pain and its pharmacological treatment: supplementary presentation
Vellucci, R; Terenzi, R; Kanis, J.A. et al

in Osteoporosis International (in press)

Osteoporosis, a disorder that affects millions of people worldwide, is characterized by decreased bone mass and microstructural alterations giving rise to an increased risk of fractures. Osteoporotic ... [more ▼]

Osteoporosis, a disorder that affects millions of people worldwide, is characterized by decreased bone mass and microstructural alterations giving rise to an increased risk of fractures. Osteoporotic fractures can cause acute and chronic nociceptive and neuropathic pain that mainly affects elderly patients with multiple comorbidities and commonly on different drug regimens. Central sensitization seems to play a pivotal role in developing and maintaining chronicity of post-fracture pain in osteoporosis. Antiosteoporosis drugs are able to partially control pain, but additional analgesics are always necessary for pain due to bone fractures. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective COX-2 inhibitors reduce acute pain but with a poor effect on the chronic neuropathic component of pain and with relevant side effects. Opioid drugs can control the whole spectrum of acute and chronic bone pain, but they differ with respect to their efficacy on neuropathic components, their tolerability and safety. Chronic pain after osteoporotic fractures requires a multifaceted approach, which includes a large spectrum of drugs (antiosteoporosis treatment, acetaminophen, NSAIDs, selective COX-2 inhibitors, weak and strong opioids) and non-pharmacological treatment. Based on a better understanding of the pathogenesis of osteoporotic and post-fracture pain, a guided stepwise approach to post-fracture osteoporotic pain will also better meet the needs of these patients. [less ▲]

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See detailDo metaphors matter? The impact of a metaphor on citizens’ representations and preferences about federalism
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULiege; Perrez, Julien ULiege; Reuchamps

in Regional and Federal Studies (in press)

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See detailLes prestataires belges et suisses à l’épreuve de l’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi. Prédominance des jeux d’acteurs ou du cadre de collaboration ?
Remy, Céline ULiege

in Revue Internationale des Sciences Administratives (in press), 86(1),

Les services publics de l’emploi ont délégué leur mission d’accompagnement des chômeurs aux prestataires de service. L’article s’intéresse au déroulement des collaborations entre services publics et ... [more ▼]

Les services publics de l’emploi ont délégué leur mission d’accompagnement des chômeurs aux prestataires de service. L’article s’intéresse au déroulement des collaborations entre services publics et opérateurs privés d’emploi, en Belgique et en Suisse. Ces partenariats sont confrontés à deux épreuves qui sont le recrutement des candidats dans les projets de formation et la mesure des résultats de la prestation. Notre hypothèse initiale soutient l’idée que les jeux d’acteurs ont plus d’effet dans la résolution des situations critiques que le cadre de collaboration. La comparaison internationale nous permet de faire varier les modalités de création des partenariats et de montrer une articulation particulière entre jeux d’acteurs et cadre de collaboration. [less ▲]

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See detail"'Vive la rose' in Newfoundland: from Alien to Emblem'
Peere, Isabelle ULiege

in B·A·S·I·S: Ballads and Songs - International Studies (in press)

This paper traces the song in European tradition through to its ‘revival’ in the 1960s. It analyses Emile’ Benoît's textual and musical recreation of it in the light of my own and other fieldworkers’ ... [more ▼]

This paper traces the song in European tradition through to its ‘revival’ in the 1960s. It analyses Emile’ Benoît's textual and musical recreation of it in the light of my own and other fieldworkers’ accounts of his personality, ethos and creative talent in tradition. The study traces the song's course and progress in Newfoundland, following in the steps of French-Canadian ethno-historian Ronald Labelle’s suggestion that ‘Vive la Rose’ has come to function as identity emblem for Newfoundland’s francophone minority – and even as its representative throughout French-Canada and especially Acadia. [less ▲]

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See detailThree-Year Adverse Health Consequences of Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults According to 5 Diagnosis Definitions
Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege; Hajaoui, Manon ULiege et al

in Journal of the American Medical Directors Association (in press)

Objectives: To assess the occurrence of 3 major adverse outcomes of sarcopenia (ie, physical disabilities, institutionalizations and deaths) observed over a 3-year follow-up in older adults and compare ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To assess the occurrence of 3 major adverse outcomes of sarcopenia (ie, physical disabilities, institutionalizations and deaths) observed over a 3-year follow-up in older adults and compare the risk of these outcomes using 5 definitions of sarcopenia. Design: The study is a part of the ongoing SarcoPhAge (for Sarcopenia and Physical Impairment with advancing Age) longitudinal project. Setting and Participants: The SarcoPhAge study follows 534 community-dwelling older adults. Measures: Sarcopenia was defined as low muscle mass plus a decreased muscle function. Data on adverse outcomes were collected yearly during the annual follow-up or with a phone call. The association between baseline sarcopenia and the occurrence of undesirable outcomes was tested using the Cox proportional hazards model or a logistic regression model. Results: A total of 534 subjects were recruited into this prospective cohort (73.5 6.2 years, 60.5% female). After 3 years, 33 participants were lost to follow-up. If no association between baseline sarcopenia and physical disabilities or institutionalizations was highlighted, a higher number of deaths occurred in individuals diagnosed with sarcopenia than in those who were not diagnosed (16.2% vs 4.6%, P value <.001). The probability of death within 3 years when presenting with sarcopenia showed an approximately 3-fold increase compared to subjects without sarcopenia. Conclusion: Over a 3-year period, sarcopenia at baseline was associated with an increased risk of mortality. There were some variations in the ability of different definitions of sarcopenia to predict outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailProcedural generation of flood-sensitive urban layouts
Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed El Saeid ULiege; Zhang, Xiao Wei; Aliaga et al

in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science (in press)

Aside from modeling geometric shape, three-dimensional (3D) urban procedural modeling has shown its value in understanding, predicting and/or controlling effects of shape on design and urban planning. In ... [more ▼]

Aside from modeling geometric shape, three-dimensional (3D) urban procedural modeling has shown its value in understanding, predicting and/or controlling effects of shape on design and urban planning. In this paper, instead of the construction of flood resistant measures, we create a procedural generation system for designing urban layouts that passively reduce water depth during a flooding scenario. Our tool enables exploring designs that passively lower flood depth everywhere or mostly in chosen key areas. Our approach tightly integrates a hydraulic model and a parameterized urban generation system with an optimization engine so as to find the least cost modification to an initial urban layout design. Further, due to the computational cost of a fluid simulation, we train neural networks to assist with accelerating the design process. We have applied our system to several real-world locations and have obtained improved 3D urban models in just a few seconds. [less ▲]

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See detailLes troubles du sommeil chez l'enfant autiste, quel rôle pour le pédopsychiatre?
Abate Ekollo, Joëlle; Malchair, Alain ULiege

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (in press)

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants ... [more ▼]

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants souffrant de troubles du spectre autistique présentent un déficit de sommeil, qui peut durer jusqu’à l’adolescence. Les troubles du spectre autistique comportent des comorbidités multiples, dont des altérations du sommeil. Ils sont importants à caractériser dans cette population, car ils peuvent avoir un impact négatif sur les comportements diurnes. Par ailleurs, ils entrainent souvent des difficultés au sein de la famille. La prise en charge doit avant tout prendre en compte le contexte environnemental afin d’améliorer les habitudes et l’hygiène du sommeil. Des questionnaires ainsi que des agendas de sommeil ont été remplis par des parents afin de démontrer l’importance d’une évaluation et d’une prise en compte des troubles du sommeil chez les enfants souffrant d’autisme en consultation pédopsychiatrique. [less ▲]

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See detailNew low electron flux facility in the 0 to 3.5 MeV range for the study of induced signal in JUICE instruments: UVS and MAJIS measurements
Carapelle, Alain ULiege; Grodent, Denis ULiege; Langevin, Yves et al

in Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B, Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms (in press)

We designed and built a new test facility to investigate signal induced by electrons in the 0-3.5 MeV in the JUICE UVS and MAJIS instruments. The facility uses radioisotopes sources to produce low flux of ... [more ▼]

We designed and built a new test facility to investigate signal induced by electrons in the 0-3.5 MeV in the JUICE UVS and MAJIS instruments. The facility uses radioisotopes sources to produce low flux of electrons (< 6000 electrons/cm².s). We present the facility, its capabilities and the results of measurements on UVS and MAJIS [less ▲]

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See detailDe l’usage de la photographie dans une enquête ethno-sociologique sur la mémoire de l’exil et de l’immigration espagnols en Belgique
Molina Marmol, Maïté ULiege

in RELAIS Revue du laboratoire d'études et de recherches sur l'interculturel (in press)

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See detailEnfants victimes/ Enfants témoins – Impacts de la violence intrafamiliale sur la construction identitaire et sur les comportements relationnels.
Eloy, Noémie ULiege; Garcet, Serge ULiege

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique (in press)

Les enfants sont régulièrement victimes ou témoins de violences dans la sphère intrafamiliale. Les systèmes familiaux peuvent être difficiles à appréhender et une attention particulière doit être portée ... [more ▼]

Les enfants sont régulièrement victimes ou témoins de violences dans la sphère intrafamiliale. Les systèmes familiaux peuvent être difficiles à appréhender et une attention particulière doit être portée sur les impacts de ces violences au niveau du développement de l’enfant et la construction de son identité. La dynamique violente du système familial influence également chez l’enfant les images parentales, les interactions envers les pairs, l’attachement et l’éventualité du recours à la violence comme mode de résolution de conflit. [less ▲]

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See detailGas-Phase Dynamics of Collision Induced Unfolding, Collision Induced Dissociation, and Electron Transfer Dissociation-Activated Polymer Ions
Haler, Jean ULiege; Massonnet, Philippe ULiege; Far, Johann ULiege et al

in Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry (in press)

Polymer characterizations are often performed using mass spectrometry (MS). Aside from MS and different tandem MS (MS/MS) tech- niques, ion mobility–mass spectrometry (IM-MS) has been recently added to ... [more ▼]

Polymer characterizations are often performed using mass spectrometry (MS). Aside from MS and different tandem MS (MS/MS) tech- niques, ion mobility–mass spectrometry (IM-MS) has been recently added to the inventory of char- acterization technique. However, only few studies have focused on the reproducibility and robust- ness of polymer IM-MS analyses. Here, we per- form collisional and electron-mediated activation of polymer ions before measuring IM drift times, collision cross-sections (CCS), or reduced ion mobilities (K0). The resulting IM behavior of different activated product ions is then compared to non-activated native intact polymer ions. First, we analyzed collision induced unfolding (CIU) of precursor ions to test the robustness of polymer ion shapes. Then, we focused on fragmen- tation product ions to test for shape retentions from the precursor ions: cation ejection species (CES) and product ions with m/z and charge state values identical to native intact polymer ions. The CES species are formed using both collision induced dissociation (CID) and electron transfer dissociation (ETD, formally ETnoD) experiments. Only small drift time, CCS, or K0 deviations between the activated/formed ions are observed compared to the native intact polymer ions. The polymer ion shapes seem to depend solely on their mass and charge state. The experiments were performed on three synthetic homopolymers: poly(ethoxy phosphate) (PEtP), poly(2-n-propyl- 2-oxazoline) (Pn-PrOx), and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO). These results confirm the robustness of polymer ion CCSs for IM calibration, especially singly charged polymer ions. The results are also discussed in the context of polymer analyses, CCS predictions, and probing ion–drift gas interaction potentials. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxe Caïman et associations : le crocodile a les dents encore plus longues
Garroy, Sabine ULiege

in ASBL Actualités (in press)

La taxe Caïman ou taxe de transparence pour but d’imposer les revenus des patrimoines qui sont artificiellement séparés du patrimoine du contribuable . Cette taxe vise tant les personnes physiques que les ... [more ▼]

La taxe Caïman ou taxe de transparence pour but d’imposer les revenus des patrimoines qui sont artificiellement séparés du patrimoine du contribuable . Cette taxe vise tant les personnes physiques que les entités soumises à l’impôt des personnes morales (I.P.M.) , et donc notamment les A.S.B.L. qui sont soumises à cet impôt . Dans cette contribution, nous proposons un aperçu général des éléments caractéristiques de ce dispositif fiscal pour les assujettis à l’I.P.M., à savoir les différentes définitions des notions-clés (A.), le principe même de la transparence fiscale (B.), l’application différenciée selon la catégorie d’assujettis à laquelle le contribuable appartient (C.), les exceptions à l’application du régime (D.). Pour que l’I.P.M. – et partant la taxe Caïman – puisse être appliqué, l’assujetti devait en principe posséder la personnalité juridique. Le législateur vient de revoir ce principe en rendant possible l’application de la taxe Caïman aux associations de fait. C’est par ces dernières considérations que nous achèverons notre exposé (E.). [less ▲]

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See detailLe phénotype d’Akhenaton ; revue critique entre canons artistiques et expression pathologique.
JEDIDI, Zayd ULiege; JEDIDI, Haroun ULiege; LAVEAUX, Elisabeth ULiege et al

in Revue Médicale de Liège (in press)

Of all the royal families of ancient or modern fame, few are as iconic as the eighteenth dynasty of pharaohs of the New Kingdom of Egypt, whose opulence and deeds we are still familiar to nearly 3,500 ... [more ▼]

Of all the royal families of ancient or modern fame, few are as iconic as the eighteenth dynasty of pharaohs of the New Kingdom of Egypt, whose opulence and deeds we are still familiar to nearly 3,500 years after their time. Tenth pharaoh of this dynasty and father of Tutankhamun, Akhenaten (Amenhotep/Amenhotep IV) still fascinates Egyptologists and history lovers through the many questions surrounding his atypical rule. One of the most striking aspects of the so-called Amarna period concerns the representations of the pharaoh himself, very confusing compared to the traditional iconography of the New Kingdom. These intriguing portraits of Pharaoh raised a whole lot of medical assumptions, more or less substantiated. We review here the main theories developed throughout history. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychosocial transition to retirement and adjustment to retired life: influence on well-being and mental health in retired farmers.
Laberon, sonia; Grotz, Catherine ULiege; Amieva, Hélène et al

in Aging and Society (in press)

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See detailRôle et langue de Tchantchès dans les représentations en castelets des romans de chevalerie : le cas des Quatre fils Aymon
Baiwir, Esther ULiege; Impe, Anaëlle

in Enquêtes du Musée de la Vie Wallonne (in press)

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du ... [more ▼]

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du répertoire liégeois ? Quels sont ses moyens d'action, mais également ses modes d'expression ? Divers registres de langue apparaissent au fil des spectacles ; quels sont ceux prêtés à notre héros ? Et surtout, ce rôle et cette langue ont-ils évolué au fil du temps ? C’est à ces quelques questions que nous tentons de répondre, en observant les différentes interventions de Tchantchès dans les réécritures des aventures des quatre fils Aymon, l’une des œuvres les plus anciennes et les plus fréquemment jouées dans les théâtres liégeois dévolus aux comédiens de bois. [less ▲]

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See detailAbaloparatide is an effective treatment option for postmenopausal osteoporosis: review of the number needed to treat compared with teriparatide.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; Hattersley, G.; Williams, G et al

in Calcified Tissue International (in press)

Abaloparatide (ABL) is a 34-amino acid peptide designed to be a selective activator of the parathyroid hormone receptor type 1 signaling pathway. In the Abaloparatide Comparator Trial In Vertebral ... [more ▼]

Abaloparatide (ABL) is a 34-amino acid peptide designed to be a selective activator of the parathyroid hormone receptor type 1 signaling pathway. In the Abaloparatide Comparator Trial In Vertebral Endpoints (ACTIVE), subcutaneous ABL reduced the risk of new vertebral, nonvertebral, clinical, and major osteoporotic fracture compared with placebo and of major osteoporotic fracture compared with teriparatide. To further evaluate the effectiveness of ABL, we calculated the number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one fracture using ACTIVE data. To estimate the potential effectiveness of ABL in populations at higher fracture risk than in ACTIVE, we calculated NNT for vertebral fracture using reference populations from historical placebo-controlled trials, assuming an 86% relative risk reduction in vertebral fracture with ABL treatment as observed in ACTIVE. NNT was calculated as the reciprocal of the absolute risk reduction in ACTIVE. The projected NNT for ABL in other populations was calculated based on incidence rate (IR) for vertebral fractures in the placebo arms of the FREEDOM (placebo IR 7.2%), FIT-1 (placebo IR 15.0%), and FIT-2 (placebo IR 3.8%) trials. NNT for ABL in ACTIVE was 28 for vertebral, 55 for nonvertebral, 37 for clinical, and 34 for major osteoporotic fracture. NNT for these fracture types for teriparatide in ACTIVE were 30, 92, 59, and 75, respectively. Using placebo IRs from FREEDOM, FIT-1, and FIT-2, projected NNTs for vertebral fracture with ABL were 17, 8, and 31. These data are useful for further evaluating ABL for the treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. [less ▲]

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See detailThe time after feeding alters methane emission kinet- ics in Holstein dry cows fed with various restricted diets
Blaise, Yannick ULiege; Andriamandroso, Andriamasinoro ULiege; Beckers, Yves ULiege et al

in Livestock Science (in press)

This study aims to investigate shifts in methane (CH4) emission in cattle in relation to the time after feeding, diet composition, and feed allowance. Four non-cannulated dry Holstein cows were equipped ... [more ▼]

This study aims to investigate shifts in methane (CH4) emission in cattle in relation to the time after feeding, diet composition, and feed allowance. Four non-cannulated dry Holstein cows were equipped with activity and infrared sensors to monitor feeding behavior and CH4 and carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the breath, continuously and at a frequency of 4 Hz. The second goal pursued, was to assess the methane emission estimation (CH4, L/h) by the CO2-method based on the ratio between CH4 and CO2 in the exhaled air, using metabolic CO2 as a marker. All cows were fed twice a day at 12 h intervals with contrasting isoenergy diets in a cross-over design: LIN100 diet (5562 VEM, i.e. Voedereenheid Melk, Dutch energy unit for milk production, 1 VEM = 6.9 kJ net energy for lactation) composed of haylage, linseed and wheat, and HAY100 (5367 VEM) diet containing only haylage. After a 2 week adaptation period to the diets, 3 days were required for the measurements and immediately after, two additional experimental treatments were applied by reducing the feed allowance to 70% with the same diets to evaluate the impact of the dry matter intake, yielding the two additional treatments HAY70 and LIN70. In addition, two other rumen-cannulated cows were used to monitor time after feeding short-chain fatty acid concentrations in the rumen. On a daily basis, all indicators (daily CH4:CO2 ratio, eructation frequency and CH4 emission) followed the same trend and showed that cows on a hay-based diet produced more CH4 and feed restriction induced different production levels for the same type of diet. The average CH4 emission for the different diets were 6.86 L/h for HAY100 > 6.25 L/h for HAY70 > 4.26 L/h for LIN100 > 3.97 L/h LIN70 (P < 0.001). The LIN100 diet produced 38% lower daily CH4 emissions than HAY100 and reduced the eructation frequency by 44%. During feeding, the eructation frequency was higher (P<0.001) for HAY than LIN diets. This work underlines the daily CH4 emission dynamics observed using the CH4:CO2 ratio in the cow's exhaled air. Methane emissions (L/h) are strongly influenced by the time after feeding time (P < 0.001). They increased for up to 2 hours after the distribution of the meal, and then decreased until the next meal, with shifts between the maximum and the minimum emission of more than 100% for LIN100 and 22% for HAY100. Consistently, the acetate:proprionate ratio was smaller for the LIN100 diet between 2 to 5 hours after the meal (P < 0.001). [less ▲]

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See detailTranslation and validation of the Dutch SarQoL, a quality of life questionnaire specific to sarcopenia
Geerinck, Anton ULiege; Scheppers, Annelies; Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege et al

in Journal of Musculoskeletal and Neuronal Interactions (in press)

OBJECTIVES: To translate the Sarcopenia Quality of Life (SarQoL®) questionnaire into Dutch and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of this questionnaire. METHODS: The translation ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: To translate the Sarcopenia Quality of Life (SarQoL®) questionnaire into Dutch and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of this questionnaire. METHODS: The translation was carried out using a 5-step process, with 2 initial translations, a merging of these 2 translations, 2 backwards translations, an expert committee review and a pretest of the questionnaire. Sarcopenia was diagnosed with the EWGSOP algorithm. The validation consisted of an examination of the discriminative power, internal consistency, construct validity, test-retest reliability and floor and ceiling effects. RESULTS: No significant problems were encountered during the translation process. A total of 92 subjects were included in the validation part of this study, 30 of which were sarcopenic. Discriminative power between sarcopenic and nonsarcopenic subjects was found for all domains and the Overall score (median overall QoL score: 67.15 vs 79.72; p=0.003). High internal consistency was found (Cronbach’s alpha=0.883), as well as good construct validity with 75% of hypotheses confirmed. Test-retest reliability was excellent (ICC=0.976; 95% CI=0.947-0.989) and no floor or ceiling effects were observed. CONCLUSION: The Dutch version of the SarQoL® questionnaire is ready for use in clinical and research applications. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de G. TOUSSAINT, Kreuz und Knochen. Reliquien zur Zeit der Kreuzzüge, Berlin, 2011.
George, Philippe ULiege

in Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale (in press)

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See detailComparison of perturbation methods for rainfall and temperature data: case of a Belgian catchment
Peltier, Yann; Dewals, Benjamin ULiege; Erpicum, Sébastien ULiege et al

in International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology (in press)

Analyses of hydrological impacts of climate change require appropriate methods for perturbing meteoric time-series to represent future climate conditions. Two readily available tools for perturbing ... [more ▼]

Analyses of hydrological impacts of climate change require appropriate methods for perturbing meteoric time-series to represent future climate conditions. Two readily available tools for perturbing rainfalls and temperatures are tested for a medium-sized catchment in Belgium. CCI-HYDR provides three scenarios, tailored for Belgium every decade until 2100. In contrast, KNMI-ADC tool provides 191 scenarios, at a regional level and for two horizons (near and far future). With its three contrasted scenarios of possible future climate conditions, CCI-HYDR is found suitable for forcing computationally intensive detailed hydrological models. With its broader spectrum of climate scenarios, KNMI-ADC tool is suitable for forcing multiple runs of fast conceptual hydrological models. As the two perturbation tools deliver stationary time-series, they are also compared to an alternate method producing transient time-series. Transient stochastic tools are particularly computationally demanding due to their stochastic nature, which is not optimal when combined with detailed distributed hydrological models. [less ▲]

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See detailLe populisme aux Etats-Unis : le rejet de l’élite
Jamin, Jérôme ULiege

in Amnis : Revue de Civilisation Contemporaine Europes/Amériques (in press), 17

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See detailHealth and fitness online communities and product behaviour
Dessart, Laurence ULiege; Duclou, Maureen

in Journal of Product and Brand Management (in press)

This study seeks to determine the impact of participating in health and fitness community on social media on individual’s health attitudes and health and fitness product-related behaviour. Survey data are ... [more ▼]

This study seeks to determine the impact of participating in health and fitness community on social media on individual’s health attitudes and health and fitness product-related behaviour. Survey data are collected from 221 users of the social medium Instagram, members of the self-proclaimed health and fitness community (#fitfam) and analysed with structural equation modelling. The study shows that community identification and engagement significantly contribute to increasing health environment sensitivity, resulting in heightened engagement in physical fitness and healthy product choices. Given the difficulty to remain engaged in pro-health behaviour and the growing impact of social media on young adult’s lives, these findings are encouraging. They show that online health and fitness communities provide a supportive environment in which consumers can identify and freely engage, and a fertile ground to the development of health sensitivity and product-related behaviour. The study contributes to health product promotion and advances the role of social media and online communities in this process. [less ▲]

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See detailMunicipalities' understanding of the Smart City concept: An exploratory analysis in Belgium
Desdemoustier, Jonathan ULiege; Crutzen, Nathalie ULiege; Giffinger, Rudolf

in Technological Forecasting and Social Change (in press)

The Smart City is a fuzzy concept, which integrates numerous characteristics, components and dimensions. These characteristics are challenged in the academic literature, especially the technocentric ... [more ▼]

The Smart City is a fuzzy concept, which integrates numerous characteristics, components and dimensions. These characteristics are challenged in the academic literature, especially the technocentric approach and the central position of private companies. Moreover, the lack of proper conceptualisation pushes cities to claim themselves ‘smart’. Finally, there are few rigorous analytical or statistical analyses of the concept and its application to territories. Therefore, this paper studies how Belgian municipalities understand the concept of Smart Cities in 2016. Based on the groundwork of literature on Smart Cities and the results of a survey of 113 Belgian municipalities, a typology of four understandings of the Smart City (technological, societal, comprehensive and non-existent) is elaborated. The results also show that municipalities with no understanding of the Smart City concept or with a technical understanding are mostly located in small and rural municipalities. This could be a sign of rejection of the phenomenon in this context. Conversely, medium and large-sized municipalities mostly develop a societal or comprehensive understanding. Therefore, this study highlights a dichotomy of understanding and acceptance of the concept of the Smart City between peripheral (rural and small size municipalities) and central municipalities (urban, medium and large size municipalities). [less ▲]

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See detailQUAND JE S’APPELLE OUBLI : DU SILENCE A L’ADRESSE, UNE POETIQUE DU CHAOS CHEZ LAURENT MAUVIGNIER
Vandormael, Thomas ULiege

in Kwartlanik neofilologiczny (in press)

This study aims to report on how the use of the allocutive person suggested by “Ce que j’appelle oubli”, eighth novel by Laurent Mauvignier, subsume many problematics that preside over the renewal of ... [more ▼]

This study aims to report on how the use of the allocutive person suggested by “Ce que j’appelle oubli”, eighth novel by Laurent Mauvignier, subsume many problematics that preside over the renewal of contemporary fictional forms such as the polyphony of narrative voices, the difficulty of placing an ‘I’ narrator confronted with the writing of society and particularly its minorities, as well as the place of silence within/in the literary text. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de D. van Mal-Maeder, A. Burnier, L. Núñez (éds.): Jeux de voix. Énonciation, intertextualité et intentionnalité dans la littérature antique
Macedo, Gabriel ULiege

in Antiquité Classique : Revue Interuniversitaire d'Etudes Classiques (in press)

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See detailGenetic structure of lake and stream populations in a Pyrenean amphibian (Calotriton asper) reveals evolutionary significant units associated with paedomorphosis
Oromi Farrús, Neus ULiege; Valbuena-Ureña, Emilio; Soler-Membrives, Anna et al

in Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research (in press)

Differences in environmental conditions such as those between lakes and streams can produce phenotypic variation and ultimately promote evolutionary diversification. Some species of newts and salamanders ... [more ▼]

Differences in environmental conditions such as those between lakes and streams can produce phenotypic variation and ultimately promote evolutionary diversification. Some species of newts and salamanders can occupy these habitats and express alternative phenotypes: metamorphs that lose gills at metamorphosis and paedomorphs that retain them at the adult stage. Whereas this process is facultative in some species, it is obligatory in others, thus suggesting that isolation and environmental pressures may have canalized developmental pathways. In this study, we focused our research on the Pyrenean brook newt, Calotriton asper which is present in both lakes and streams, but whose fully aquatic paedomorphic individuals are only present in lakes. We aimed to determine the genetic structure and differentiation of two paedomorphic populations, including their surrounding stream and lake metamorphic populations, to test whether populations of paedomorphs can constitute evolutionary significant units. Although gene flow was identified between lakes and nearby stream populations, there was a low percentage of dispersers, and the paedomorphic populations were genetically differentiated from the populations of metamorphs. It is likely that the studied lakes have offered peculiar conditions that have allowed the development of a paedomorphic phenotype. These populations and phenotypes therefore constitute good models to understand local adaptations. As each of these populations of paedomorphs can be considered evolutionary significant units that cannot be replaced by other nearby populations in case of a population crash, conservation actions should be focused directly on them. [less ▲]

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See detailCloud Platform using Big Data and HPC Technologies for Distributed and Parallels Treatments
Debauche, Olivier ULiege; Mahmoudi, Sidi; Mahmoudi, Saïd et al

in Procedia Computer Science (in press)

Smart farming is one of the most diverse researches. In addition, the quantity of data to be stored and the choice of the most efficient algorithms to process are important elements in this field. The ... [more ▼]

Smart farming is one of the most diverse researches. In addition, the quantity of data to be stored and the choice of the most efficient algorithms to process are important elements in this field. The storage of collected data from Internet of Things (IoT), existing on distributed, local databases and open data needs particular infrastructure to federate all these data in order to make complex treatments. The storage of this wide range of data that comes at high frequency and variable throughput is particularly difficult. In this paper, we propose the use of distributed databases and high-performance computing architecture in order to exploit multiple re-configurable computing and application specific processing such as CPUs, GPUs, TPUs and FPGAs efficiently. This exploitation allows an accurate training for an application to machine learning, deep learning and unsupervised modeling algorithms. The last ones are used for training supervised algorithms on images when it labels a set of images and unsupervised algorithms on IoT data which are unlabeled with variable qualities. The processing of data is based on Hadoop 3.1 MapReduce to achieve parallels processing and use containerization technologies to distribute treatments on Multi GPU, MIC and FPGA. This architecture allows efficient treatments of data coming from several sources with a cloud high-performance heterogeneous architecture. The proposed 4 layers infrastructure can also implement FPGA and MIC which are now natively supported by recent version of Hadoop. Moreover, with the advent of new technologies like Intel Movidius; it is now possible to deploy CNN at fog level in the IoT network and to make inference with the cloud and therefore limit significantly the network traffic that result on reducing the move of large amounts of data to the cloud. [less ▲]

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See detailPlatelets contribute to the initiation of colitis-associated cancer by promoting immunosuppression
Servais, Laurence ULiege; Wéra, Odile ULiege; Dibato Epoh, John et al

in Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (in press)

Background: Clinical and experimental evidence support a role for inflammation in the development of colorectal cancer, though the mechanisms are not fully understood. Beyond thrombosis and hemostasis ... [more ▼]

Background: Clinical and experimental evidence support a role for inflammation in the development of colorectal cancer, though the mechanisms are not fully understood. Beyond thrombosis and hemostasis, platelets are key actors of inflammation; they also have been involved in cancer. However, whether platelets participate in the link between inflammation and cancer is unknown. Objective: To investigate the contribution of platelets and platelet-derived proteins to inflammation-elicited colorectal tumor development. Methods: We used a clinically relevant mouse model of colitis-associated cancer. Platelet secretion and their reactivity to thrombin were assessed at each stage of carcinogenesis. We conducted an unbiased proteomic analysis of releasates of platelets isolated at pre-tumoral stage to identify soluble factors that might act on tumor development. Plasma levels of the identified proteins were measured during the course of carcinogenesis. We then treated the mice with clopidogrel to efficiently inhibit platelet release reaction. Results: At pre-tumoral stage, hyperactive platelets were a major source of circulating pro-tumoral serum amyloid A (SAA) proteins. Clopidogrel prevented the early elevation of plasma SAA, decreased colitis severity, and delayed the formation of dysplastic lesions and adenocarcinoma. Platelet inhibition hindered the expansion and function of immunosuppressive myeloid cells as well as their infiltration in tumors, while tissue CD8 T cells were augmented. Platelets or releasates of platelets from cancer mice both were able to polarize myeloid cells toward an immunosuppressive phenotype. Conclusions: Thus, platelets promote initiation of colitis-associated cancer by enhancing myeloid cell dependent immunosuppression. Antiplatelet agents may help prevent inflammation-elicited carcinogenesis by restoring antitumor immunity. [less ▲]

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See detailEnjeux politiques et critiques d'une philosophie des normes
Caeymaex, Florence ULiege; Pieron, Julien ULiege

in Dissensus (in press)

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de O. Dubreucq : L'instruction des laïcs de Jonas d'Orléans
Close, Florence ULiege

in Revue des Études Latines (in press)

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See detailLe lettere bipartite e i discorsi politici di Francesco Guicciardini nell’anno 1525
Miesse, Hélène ULiege

in Giornale Storico della Letteratura Italiana (in press)

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See detail3D finite element formulation for mechanical-electrophysiological coupling in axonopathy
Kwong, Man Ting; Bianchi, Fabio; Malboubi, Majid et al

in Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering (in press)

Traumatic injuries to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) have recently been put under the spotlight because of their devastating socio-economical cost. At the cellular scale, recent ... [more ▼]

Traumatic injuries to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) have recently been put under the spotlight because of their devastating socio-economical cost. At the cellular scale, recent research efforts have focused on primary injuries by making use of models aimed at simulating mechanical deformation induced axonal electrophysiological functional deficits. The overwhelming majority of these models only consider axonal stretching as a loading mode, while other modes of deformation such as crushing or mixed modes|highly relevant in spinal cord injury|are left unmodelled. To this end, we propose here a novel 3D finite element framework coupling mechanics and electrophysiology by considering the electrophysiological Hodgkin- Huxley and Cable Theory models as surface boundary conditions introduced directly in the weak form, hence eliminating the need to geometrically account for the membrane in its electrophysiological contribution. After validation against numerical and experimental results, the approach is leveraged to model an idealised axonal dislocation injury. The results show that the sole consideration of induced longitudinal stretch following transverse loading of a node of Ranvier is not necessarily enough to capture the extent of axonal electrophysiological deficit and that the non-axisymmetric loading of the node participates to a larger extent to the subsequent damage. On the contrary, a similar transverse loading of internodal regions was not shown to significantly worsen with the additional consideration of the non-axisymmetric loading mode. [less ▲]

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See detailPolish Validation of the SarQoL®, a Quality of Life Questionnaire Specific to Sarcopenia
Konstantynowicz, J.; Abramowicz, P.; Glinkowski, W. et al

in Journal of Clinical Medicine (in press)

Recently, SarQoL® (Sarcopenia and Quality of Life), a quality of life (QoL) questionnaire specific to sarcopenia, was successfully developed. For practical reasons, there is a great interest in validating ... [more ▼]

Recently, SarQoL® (Sarcopenia and Quality of Life), a quality of life (QoL) questionnaire specific to sarcopenia, was successfully developed. For practical reasons, there is a great interest in validating this questionnaire in other populations. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to translate and adjust the SarQoL® into Polish and to standardize the validity of this method for the assessment of sarcopenic individuals in Poland with regard to psychometric properties. The English version was used for the translation process. A total of 106 community-dwelling Caucasian subjects aged 73.3 5.94 years (65.1% females) were studied, with 60 participants being diagnosed sarcopenic. The translation and cross-cultural adaptation was carried out in five phases according to specific standard guidelines. There were no major linguistic issues in the translation process. The data confirmed a good discriminant validity, i.e., significantly lower scores for all domains (reduced global QoL in sarcopenic subjects compared to non-sarcopenic ones; 54.9 16.5 vs. 63.3 17.1, p = 0.013), and high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.92). The significant correlation of the SarQoL® scores with those of other questionnaires (SF-36v2® Health Survey and EuroQoL-5-Dimension) that are supposed to have similar dimensions indicated the consistent construct validity of the SarQoL®-PL questionnaire. No floor/ceiling effects were found. An excellent agreement was found between the test and the re-test (intraclass coefficient correlation (ICC): 0.99). The first Polish version of the SarQoL® questionnaire is valid and consistent and therefore may be used with reliability for clinical and research purposes regarding QoL assessment of sarcopenic individuals. However, further research, in particular prospective studies, is needed to determine potential limitations and the suitability of the new tool for the Polish scenario and specificity. [less ▲]

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See detailTechnical note: An operational implementation of recursive digital filter for baseflow separation
Rammal, Mohamad ULiege; Archambeau, Pierre ULiege; Erpicum, Sébastien ULiege et al

in Water Resources Research (in press)

Baseflow estimation is of overwhelming importance in hydrological modelling and water resources management. One of the widely used techniques to derive baseflow from measured stream flow is the Recursive ... [more ▼]

Baseflow estimation is of overwhelming importance in hydrological modelling and water resources management. One of the widely used techniques to derive baseflow from measured stream flow is the Recursive Digital Filter (RDF). Yet its application still raises methodological issues related to the determination of its parameters. In this study, we propose a practical and automatic procedure to calibrate the RDF with respect to the measured stream flow. The method operationality and robustness are first demonstrated on three gauging stations in the Ourthe catchment (Belgium). The calibrated parameters compare well with those obtained by a standard graphical approach. Next, the proposed approach is compared to the technique of Conductance Mass Balance (CMB) for two gauging stations in the Hoyoux catchment (Belgium). A fair agreement between the results of the two techniques is obtained, suggesting that the proposed automatic calibration procedure of RDF takes the baseflow separation process to a higher level of practicality and transparency. [less ▲]

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See detailTyrannie du style et excès d'absurdités. La crack-fic comme art du "trop"
Lucca, Sian ULiege

in COnTEXTES : Revue de Sociologie de la Littérature (in press)

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See detailLes Trois Trois Petits Cochons et le Grand Méchant Loup. La rencontre de deux archétypes
Jousten, Lison ULiege

in La revue des lettres modernes (in press)

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui ... [more ▼]

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui s’impose comme cas d’école parmi ces récits où surgit l’animal redouté, le loup devient l’ennemi du cochon, une créature traditionnellement associée à l’enfance. Ce tandem, qui repose sur un principe général d’opposition, brasse avec lui une série de représentations qui transparaissent en filigrane. Le détour opéré par l’histoire culturelle du cochon et quelques-uns de ses prolongements cinématographiques permet de dessiner progressivement les contours de la place occupée par le loup dans ce conte. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes the development of syntax comprehension show a premature asymptote among persons with Down syndrome? A cross-sectional analysis
Facon, Bruno; Magis, David ULiege

in American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (in press)

Uncertainty persists regarding the post-childhood trajectory of syntactic acquisition of persons with Down syndrome (DS). In some studies asymptote is reached in the early teens, whereas others find ... [more ▼]

Uncertainty persists regarding the post-childhood trajectory of syntactic acquisition of persons with Down syndrome (DS). In some studies asymptote is reached in the early teens, whereas others find syntax continuing to develop at least into early adulthood. This study addressed the issue using a cross-sectional approach. Receptive syntax and receptive vocabulary were tested in 62 children, adolescents and young adults with DS matched on CA and cognitive level with 62 participants with intellectual disability of undifferentiated etiology. On both tests there were significant effects of CA and diagnosis, but the CA × diagnosis interactions were nonsignificant. It is concluded that comprehension of vocabulary and syntax does not asymptote prematurely among persons with DS. [less ▲]

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See detailThe “Tuchlein” Colours in the Strasbourg Family Text: Recipes for Anthocyanin Pigments
Neven, Sylvie ULiege; Sanyova, Jana

in Dyes in History and Archaeology (in press)

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See detailThe Acoustic Voice Quality Index version 03.01 in French and the Voice Handicap Index
Pommée, Timothy; Maryn, Youri; FINCK, Camille ULiege et al

in Journal of Voice (in press)

Summary: Objectives. The Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI) version 03.01 is a tool for quantitative assessment of the overall severity of dysphonia. Its computation includes six acoustic parameters ... [more ▼]

Summary: Objectives. The Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI) version 03.01 is a tool for quantitative assessment of the overall severity of dysphonia. Its computation includes six acoustic parameters, which are all carried out by the freeware Praat. It is based on the recordings of a sustained vowel and a part of a text read aloud. The psychometric qualities of this tool have been confirmed by numerous publications in various languages, including French. However, studies investigating the correlation between tools for objective vocal assessment and voice-related quality of life show inconsistent results. Hence, the aim of this study was to contribute to the debate in measuring the correlations between the AVQI 03.01 score computed on French samples and the Voice Handicap Index. Methods. The data of 78 patients was used, collected during initial vocal assessment and stored in the ENT caseload of the University Hospital of Liège. We measured the Spearman rank-order correlation between the VHI total and sub-scores and the scores computed by the AVQI 03.01 on French samples. Eventually, we measured the correlation between the diagnostic decisions (“normophonia” vs “dysphonia”) of both tools using Cramer’s phi. Results. The Spearman correlation between the AVQI 03.01 score and the total VHI score, when controlling for age, is moderate (rs = .62, p < .0001). The correlations between the AVQI 03.01 score and the functional, emotional and physical sub-scores of the VHI are similarly moderate (rs = .643, .543 and .514, respectively, p <.0001). The correlation between the diagnostic decisions (“normophonia” vs “dysphonia”) by both tools is also moderate (φ = .52, p = .000). Conclusions. This study allows to keep things in perspective: even though AVQI 03.01 scores are moderately correlated with the VHI total and sub-scores, one has to keep in mind that they measure two different things. The AVQI 03.01 assesses the overall voice quality in terms of acoustic parameters, whereas the VHI assesses the multi-determined impact on the patient’s everyday life situations. Both results should thus be equally taken into account, as part of a comprehensive vocal assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailMaqriziana XIV: Al-Maqrīzī’s Last Opus (Al-Ḫabar ʿan al-Bašar) and Its Significance for the History of Islam
Bauden, Frédéric ULiege

in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (in press)

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See detail"Analyse des processus cognitifs de justification et de désengagement moral chez des auteurs présumés de violences conjugales selon la reconnaissance ou non des faits."
Garcet, Serge ULiege; Schoonbrodt, Dorine

in Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique (in press)

Les mécanismes cognitifs de neutralisation morale participent à la mise en place du passage à l’acte et autorisent la réitération des comportements de violences conjugales. Ces mécanismes peuvent être ... [more ▼]

Les mécanismes cognitifs de neutralisation morale participent à la mise en place du passage à l’acte et autorisent la réitération des comportements de violences conjugales. Ces mécanismes peuvent être appréhendés au travers des théories implicites que les auteurs développent à propos du comportement transgressif, du lien entre l’action et son effet ou dans la façon dont ils perçoivent la partenaire. L’étude a consisté à analyser les premières auditions policières de 69 auteurs présumés de violences conjugales, en aveu total, partiel, ou en absence d’aveu, afin d’envisager si certains modes préférentiels de justification et de neutralisation morale apparaissaient selon la reconnaissance ou non des faits délictueux. La grille d’analyse des auditions s’est basée sur le modèle de Ward & Keenan qui a été adapté à la thématique de la violence conjugale. 268 corpus de justification ont été dégagés des auditions et regroupés selon les différentes thématiques auxquelles une catégorie supplémentaire a été ajoutée afin de rencontrer l’ensemble des corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailDialectique négative du Nouveau Roman
Franck, Thomas ULiege

in Contemporary French and Francophone Studies (in press), 22(3),

This paper studies the New Novel’s rhetoric (Nouveau Roman) in order to requalify, thanks to a dialectical approach, its positive definition in a negative way. Through a philosophical critique of the ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the New Novel’s rhetoric (Nouveau Roman) in order to requalify, thanks to a dialectical approach, its positive definition in a negative way. Through a philosophical critique of the novelistic discourse, the aim is to highlight the theoretical power of novels which pay attention, in a rhetorical perspective, to the body thematic, body considered as a fundamental and fully component of a subjectivity determined by material and external structures. The New Novel, analysed first as an expression of a "sensible objectivity", gives rise to a materialist and negative dialectic and has to be understood as an immanent critique of social, political and historical structures. [less ▲]

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See detailSenolythic treatment applied to osteoarthritis: a step towards the end of orthopedic surgery?
MALAISE, Olivier ULiege; TACHIKART, Yassin; BRONDELLO, Jean-Marc

in AME Medical Journal (in press)

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See detailTraduction de "Sense and Its Place in Meaning" de W.V.O. Quine
Moreau, Timothée ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailLudifier un simulateur d’examen en recourant à des badges – Effets sur la participation, la perception et la performance
Marique, Pierre-Xavier ULiege; Van de Poël, Jean-François ULiege; Verpoorten, Dominique ULiege et al

in Revue Internationale des Technologies en Pédagogie Universitaire (in press)

This article describes, analyses and questions the gamification of an examination simulator through the implementation of a dynamic system of badges used as awards. This tool targets first-year medicine ... [more ▼]

This article describes, analyses and questions the gamification of an examination simulator through the implementation of a dynamic system of badges used as awards. This tool targets first-year medicine students. Its purpose is to introduce students to MCQ tests and to improve their command of the pre-requisite knowledge and new topics taught in physics classes. This research highlights the positive impact of the examination simulator on participation, performance, and perception. Keywords : Gamification, badges, science education, physics, MCQ, higher education, undergraduate, e learning [less ▲]

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See detailArrêts sur images – usages et pratiques du photogramme
Thonon, Jonathan ULiege

in MethIS: Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

Le photogramme est, au cinéma, la plus petite unité de prise de vue. Image fixe, unité élémentaire du film, le photogramme forme la cellule figée d’un mouvement qui se reconstitue sous l’effet d’un ... [more ▼]

Le photogramme est, au cinéma, la plus petite unité de prise de vue. Image fixe, unité élémentaire du film, le photogramme forme la cellule figée d’un mouvement qui se reconstitue sous l’effet d’un défilement réglé (24 photogrammes/seconde) par le dispositif technique du cinéma. Image paradoxale en ce qu’elle reste invisible au spectateur malgré sa force iconique, le photogramme trouve cependant, dans le flux qui le conduit insensiblement à la disparition, certaines zones de visibilité qui en révèlent le caractère à la fois fragile et intensif. Nous allons donc envisager certaines pratiques ou certains usages du photogramme cinématographique, tout en essayant de dégager, au départ de ces pratiques, les éléments d’une théorie du photogramme, que Roland Barthes et Sylvie Pierre appelaient déjà de leurs vœux. Des protos-photogrammes et de leur usage scientifique chez Muybridge et Marey, aux usages artistiques contemporains, en passant par des pratiques publicitaires, promotionnelles ou analytiques, nous allons voir que le photogramme reste un objet singulier. [less ▲]

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See detailFrench translation and validation of the “Anterior Knee Pain Scale” (AKPS)
Buckinx, Fanny ULiege; Bornheim, Stephen ULiege; Remy, G. et al

in Disability and Rehabilitation (in press)

Purpose: To linguistically and cross-culturally translate the Anterior Knee Pain Scale into French and to evaluate the reliability and validity of this translated version of the questionnaire. Methods ... [more ▼]

Purpose: To linguistically and cross-culturally translate the Anterior Knee Pain Scale into French and to evaluate the reliability and validity of this translated version of the questionnaire. Methods: The translation part was performed in six stages, according to international guidelines: (i) two initial translations from English to French; (ii) synthesis of the two translations; (iii) backward translations into the original language; (iv) expert committee to compare the backward translations with the original questionnaire; (v) pre-final version testing and (VI) expert committee appraisal. To validate the French version of the Anterior Knee Pain Scale, we assessed its validity, reliability and floor/ceiling effects. To do this, volunteer patients from the French part of Belgium and from France, with patellofemoral pain were asked to answer the French version of the Anterior Knee Pain Scale at baseline and after 7 days, as well as the generic SF-36 questionnaire. Results: The Anterior Knee Pain Scale was translated without any major difficulties. A total of 101 subjects aged 34.5 ± 11.4 years (58.4% of women) were included in this study. Results indicated an excellent test-retest reliability (Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.97, 95%CI: 0.96–0.98), a high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.87), a consistent construct validity (high correlations with the SF-36 questionnaire were found with domains related to physical function (r = 0.80), physical role (r = 0.70) and pain (r = 0.64)) and low or moderate correlations with domains related to mental health (r = 0.26), vitality (r = 0.32) and social function (r = 0.41). Moreover, no floor/ceiling effects have been found. Conclusions: A valid French version of the Anterior Knee Pain Scale is now available and can be used with confidence to better assess the disease burden associated with patellofemoral pain. It was successfully cross-culturally adapted into French.Implications for rehabilitationThe results on psychometric properties of the French Anterior Knee Pain Scale are comparable with six validated versions obtained for the Finnish, the Turkish, the Chinese, the Dutch, the Thai and the Persian populations.The French translated version of the Anterior Knee Pain Scale is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing the functional limitations associated with patellofemoral pain.The test–retest reliability of the French Anterior Knee Pain Scale was excellent, the internal consistency was high and the construct validity was consistent. There were no floor/ceiling effects. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group [less ▲]

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See detailVenous Access for Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Kolacek, S; Puntis, J; Hojsak, I et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailCustomer Participation in Service Recovery: A Meta-Analysis
Van Vaerenbergh, Yves; Hazee, Simon ULiege; Costers, Annelies

in Marketing Letters (in press)

Research on customer participation in service recovery is surging, yet empirical examinations provide mixed results. A meta-analysis of 30 independent samples reported in 21 studies (N = 7,872) shows that ... [more ▼]

Research on customer participation in service recovery is surging, yet empirical examinations provide mixed results. A meta-analysis of 30 independent samples reported in 21 studies (N = 7,872) shows that the effect sizes for the relationships between customer participation in service recovery and customer outcomes are rather weak. We also find that customer participation in service recovery has an indirect effect on satisfaction with service recovery via distributive justice and procedural justice, but not via interactional justice. Conversely, customer participation in service recovery has an indirect effect on overall satisfaction via distributive justice and interactional justice, but not via procedural justice. Finally, the effectiveness of customer participation in service recovery is stronger when customers participate in the outcome of the recovery and for customers with an Eastern cultural background, but weaker when additional compensation is offered and in online settings. [less ▲]

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See detailMartin Heidegger, Extrait du dernier cours de Marbourg
Pieron, Julien ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailTraditionally managed landscapes do not prevent amphibian decline and the extinction of paedomorphosis
Denoël, Mathieu ULiege; Ficetola, G. Francesco; Sillero, Neftali et al

in Ecological Monographs (in press)

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See detailHome Parenteral Nutrition in Paediatrics
Hill, S; Ksiaszyk, J; Prell, C et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailIdentification of flower functional traits affecting abundance of generalist predators in perennial multiple species wildflower strips
Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Uyttenbroeck, Roel; Lopes, Thomas et al

in Arthropod-Plant Interactions (in press)

In agricultural fields, wildflower strips can be sown to enhance conservation biological control of insect pests. However, issues remain regarding the composition of flower mixtures to effectively attract ... [more ▼]

In agricultural fields, wildflower strips can be sown to enhance conservation biological control of insect pests. However, issues remain regarding the composition of flower mixtures to effectively attract and support large communities of natural enemies. Trait-based approaches are promising for this purpose. In the present study, conducted in an agricultural field of Belgium in 2014 and 2015, 15 flower mixtures were considered to explore the relation between the abundance of trapped generalist predators (i.e. lacewings [Neuroptera: Chrysopidae], ladybeetles [Coleoptera: Coccinellidae] and hoverflies [Diptera: Syrphidae]) and the community-weighted means of seven flower traits. Through a redundancy analysis, it was found that the presence/absence of flower ultra-violet pattern and the morphology of the corolla (that determines the accessibility of floral resources) were the traits that significantly affected the abundance of the generalist predators in the flower mixtures. The ladybeetles Harmonia axyridis and Propylea quatuordecimpunctata as well as the lacewings Chrysoperla carnea were more abundant in mixtures with a high cover of flowers showing an ultra-violet pattern, while the opposite was observed for the ladybeetle Coccinella septempunctata. As for hoverflies, Episyrphus balteatus and Eupeodes corollae were more abundant in mixtures with a high cover of flowers with open nectar. These results bring new knowledge regarding how a range of natural enemy species reacts to flower cues in diversified plant communities and should help in elaborating flower mixtures that enhance conservation biological control. [less ▲]

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