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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de Jacques Dürrenmatt, La ponctuation en français
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULiege

in Bulletin de la Société de Linguistique de Paris (in press)

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See detailAssessing quality of life in an obesity observational study: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach
Dardenne, Nadia ULiege; Pétré, Benoît ULiege; Husson, Eddy ULiege et al

in Applied Research in Quality of Life (in press)

Purpose: Quality of life (QOL) of a patient is usually computed as the (weighted) sum of items and analysed by means of multiple regressions to evaluate its relationships with various measured factors ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Quality of life (QOL) of a patient is usually computed as the (weighted) sum of items and analysed by means of multiple regressions to evaluate its relationships with various measured factors. The aim of the present study was to compare results derived under classical statistical method with those obtained under more appropriate statistical techniques for QOL. Methods: Analyses were applied to data from 4155 subjects participated in 2012 in a community based sample study in the French speaking part of Belgium and which completed a web-based questionnaire on their weight-related experience. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM) were carried out to derive QOL and to test direct/indirect effects of body mass index (BMI), age, body image discrepancy (BID), latent socio-economic (SOCIO) and latent subjective-norm (SN). Results: No major differences were found under both SEM and the product of coefficients approach using SAS PROCESS macro developed by Hayes. Significant direct and indirect effects on physical and psychological dimensions of QOL were found for age, BMI and SOCIO while significant direct effects were found for BID and SN (p < 0.0001). Factor loadings were found to be significantly different according to gender (p < 0.0001). Conclusions: BID and SN are partially mediators on the relationships between BMI and QOL. The study also confirms the role of SOCIO on the (un)observable variables included in the model. However, the large sample size provided significant tests with small effect size and couldn’t highlight pertinent differences between both methods. [less ▲]

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See detailDo Alzheimer’s disease patients benefit from prior-knowledge in associative recognition memory?
Delhaye, Emma ULiege; Folville, Adrien ULiege; Simoes Loureiro, Isabelle et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (in press)

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See detailColor Geometry - Or Color Grammar?
Seron, Denis ULiege

in Meinong Studies (in press), 10

This article discusses some difficulties of the theory of color propounded by Meinong in his Re-marks on the Color Solid and the Mixture Law of 1903. First, I argue that Meinong’s geometrical approach ... [more ▼]

This article discusses some difficulties of the theory of color propounded by Meinong in his Re-marks on the Color Solid and the Mixture Law of 1903. First, I argue that Meinong’s geometrical approach faces at least three sets of difficulties related to the following assumptions: colors pos-sess a “nature” that can be grasped through intuition; they are separated from each other by continua in color space; there are an infinite number of a priori relations between colors. Second, I confront the geometrical approach with Wittgenstein’s grammatical approach, contending that the latter escapes these difficulties. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal predation risk and matrix permeability interact to shape movement strategy
Winandy, Laurane ULiege; Cote, Julien; Di Gesu, Lucie et al

in Oikos (in press)

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See detailInfluence de la fatigue sur les paramètres biomécaniques de la foulée mesurés par accéléromètrie
Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege; RODRIGUEZ DE LA CRUZ, Carlos ULiege; Bury, Thierry ULiege et al

in Science et Sports (in press)

Aims of the study The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of fatigue on stride biomechanics measured by a portable accelerometer, the MyotestRun. Opportunities of the protocol allowed ... [more ▼]

Aims of the study The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of fatigue on stride biomechanics measured by a portable accelerometer, the MyotestRun. Opportunities of the protocol allowed additional analysis on the device reliability and sensitivity. Methods Thirty-two male subjects, divided in two groups (runners and control), were involved in the study and achieved a treadmill progressive VO2max test; repeated run at constant velocity on a track and a field test at 90% of the VvO2max until exhaustion. The biomechanical measurements obtained from the MyotestRun allow exploring the reliability, the influence of speed, the differences between treadmill and track stride and the influence of fatigue. Results Results show an excellent reproducibility of the MyotestRun values, except for the asymmetry of the stride. No significant stride difference appears between treadmill and track conditions. The progressive test shows that all the parameters evolve with speed increment, confirming the sensitivity of the MyotestRun. The study shows changes in the stride with the fatigue, such as an increase of the contact time, a decrease of the force. However any change in the stride frequency is observed. If the study shows that the fatigue pattern is more constant in the runners group it also highlights adaptations to fatigue that can be very different from one subject to another. Conclusion This study confirmed that MyotestRun is a useful device in the stride analysis. The influence of fatigue on the stride is in accordance with most of the studies while confirming very important interindividual differences. [less ▲]

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See detailUn regard post-coloniliste de la médiatisation européenne à l'heure des Femen en Tunisie
Luceno Moreno, Marta ULiege

in Open Library of Humanities (in press)

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See detailOfficial Memories and Legal Constraints. A Classification of Memory Instruments in France and Belgium
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULiege

in Memory Studies (in press)

Public authorities do not have a monopoly over memory constraint in the sense that they are not alone in promoting collective memories. However, the article suggests a classification of the memory ... [more ▼]

Public authorities do not have a monopoly over memory constraint in the sense that they are not alone in promoting collective memories. However, the article suggests a classification of the memory instruments in France and Belgium according to the degree of legal constraint (sanctioning, prescriptive and latent). This classification offers a new understanding of the exercise of the legal constraints which are a way for the public authorities to offer specific accounts of certain past events. [less ▲]

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See detailRedéfinir et développer des compétences d’accueil de la petite enfance
Pirard, Florence ULiege; Housen, Marie ULiege; Pools, Elodie ULiege

in Journal for Educators, Teachers and Trainers (in press)

The competences expected from early childhood education and care professionals have evolved significantly in our Western countries following the transformation of services and the affirmation of their ... [more ▼]

The competences expected from early childhood education and care professionals have evolved significantly in our Western countries following the transformation of services and the affirmation of their educational function. This article is based on action research projects carried out in the Wallonia Brussels Federation (FWB) which integrate an analysis of other education and training systems (France, Flanders, England, Sweden and Quebec). It presents a reflection on the development of professional competencies and their acquisition from the initial training in a holistic approach to education. It notes that a diversity of formations coexists, leading to an absence of clear view on professional skills and profiles. In response to this observation, it proposes a modeling that articulates organizational, relational and reflexive competencies that are needed for the development of a professional posture. That modeling is presented as a grid of analysis that can enable better understanding of the complexity of early education and care in its many dimensions (working with children, families, professionals and the local community). It can be considered as a tool to globally rethink initial and continuing education and training in a systemic perspective. [less ▲]

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See detailMantle Melting and Magmatic Processes Under La Picada Stratovolcano (CSVZ, Chile)
Vander Auwera, Jacqueline ULiege; Namur, Olivier ULiege; Dutrieux, Adeline et al

in Journal of Petrology (in press)

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See detailCross-cultural adaptation, translation, and validation of the functional assessment scale for acute hamstring injuries (FASH) questionnaire for French-speaking patients
Locquet, Médéa ULiege; Willems, Tom; Specque, Clément et al

in Disability and Rehabilitation (in press)

Study design: This consisted of a translation and validation study. Background: Acute hamstring injury is a frequent muscle strain in sports that require high explosive strength, impulsion or running ... [more ▼]

Study design: This consisted of a translation and validation study. Background: Acute hamstring injury is a frequent muscle strain in sports that require high explosive strength, impulsion or running phases. Therefore, the Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury questionnaire was developed to assess pain, physical activity level and ability to perform various exercises in patients with hamstring injuries. The Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury questionnaire is currently available in English, German, and Greek. Objectives: The goal of this study was to provide a cross-culturally adapted French-translation of the FASH questionnaire and to assess its psychometric performance. Methods: The French-translation and cross-cultural adaptation process were based on international recommendations, following six rigorous steps: (a) two initial translations from English to French; (b) synthesis of the two translations; (c) back-translations; (d) comparisons between the back-translations and the original questionnaire by an expert committee; (e) pretest; and (f) approval of the final French version of the Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury questionnaire. To validate this French version, 116 subjects (17 pathological patients, 19 patients with other muscle injury, 40 athletes at risk, and 40 healthy control athletes) were recruited to complete the Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury questionnaire. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) was used as a comparative questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the questionnaire were evaluated by determining the test-retest reliability after a 48–60-h interval, internal consistency, construct validity, and floor/ceiling effects. Results: All of the items of the Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury questionnaire were translated without any major difficulties. The questionnaire showed excellent discriminative power by obtaining significantly different scores from the four groups (p¼0.01). Regarding psychometric performances, the test–retest reliability was excellent (IntraClass Coefficient Correlation of 0.997). Very high internal consistency was also observed (Cronbach’s alpha of 0.969). Correlations with the physical health subscales of the SF-36 were significant and considered to be strong, indicating an excellent convergent validity. The other subscales of the SF-36 (mental health) were weakly correlated with the FASH, reflecting good divergent validity. No floor or ceiling effects were observed. Conclusion: The French-translation of the Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury questionnaire and its cross-cultural adaptation can be considered to be successful. Functional Assessment Scale for Hamstring Injury-French questionnaire is now a reliable and valid tool for patients suffering from acute hamstring injury, and its application in clinical practice is particularly relevant. IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION The FASH-F can be considered to be discriminant, reliable and valid for the evaluation of the severity of symptoms and sports ability in individuals with hamstring injuries. FASH-F is now a reliable and valid tool for French-speaking patients suffering from acute hamstring injury, and its application in clinical practice is particularly relevant. A limitation of our study could be that the distribution between the different study groups was not homogeneous implying that our findings may not be fully representative of the general population. [less ▲]

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See detailA comparative study of labeling algorithms within the branch-and-price framework for vehicle routing with time windows
Michelini, Stefano ULiege

in 4OR: A Quarterly Journal of Operations Research (in press)

Ph. D Thesis summary, see other reference on ORBI

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See detailAl’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations of bosonic matter-wave beams in the presence of interaction
Chrétien, Renaud ULiege; Rammensee, Josef; Dujardin, Julien et al

in Physical Review. A (in press)

We theoretically study the propagation of a guided atom laser across an Aharonov-Bohm ring which is exposed to a synthetic gauge field. The presence of disorder within the ring gives rise to Al’tshuler ... [more ▼]

We theoretically study the propagation of a guided atom laser across an Aharonov-Bohm ring which is exposed to a synthetic gauge field. The presence of disorder within the ring gives rise to Al’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations, seen in the disorder average of the transmission as a function of the effective gauge flux that is contained within the ring. Those oscillations are induced by coherent backscattering and represent a manifestation of weak localisation. Through analytical and numerical calculations that are based on the mean-field Gross-Pitaevskii approximation for the propagating Bose-Einstein condensate, we show that the presence of a very weak atom-atom interaction within the ring leads to an inversion of the Al’tshuler-Aronov-Spivak oscillations, in a very similar manner as for the coherent backscattering of Bose-Einstein condensates within two-dimensional disorder potentials. Numerical simulations based on the Truncated Wigner method reveal that this signature of weak antilocalisation becomes washed out if the interaction strength is increased. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo New Ur III Letters in the Louvre Museum
Colonna d'Istria, Laurent ULiege

in Rivista Degli Studi Orientali (in press)

This article provides the publication of two new Ur III letters kept at Louvre Museum. The content of these letters is concise as the majority of the Ur III administrative letters. The first one asks for ... [more ▼]

This article provides the publication of two new Ur III letters kept at Louvre Museum. The content of these letters is concise as the majority of the Ur III administrative letters. The first one asks for the return of persons before an inspection and the second letter asks for the release of one barge carrying sesame. [less ▲]

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See detailIron and Trace Element in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Domellof, M; Szitanyi, P; Simchowitz, V et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailUnderstanding the diverse scaling strategies of social enterprises as hybrid organizations: the case of renewable energy cooperatives
Bauwens, Thomas; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULiege; Dufays, Frédéric

in Organization and Environment (in press)

This paper seeks to shed light on the diversity of scaling strategies of social enterprises, which can be considered as emblematic hybrid organizations. By comparing three Flemish renewable energy ... [more ▼]

This paper seeks to shed light on the diversity of scaling strategies of social enterprises, which can be considered as emblematic hybrid organizations. By comparing three Flemish renewable energy cooperatives with contrasted scaling strategies, the paper shows how these strategies can be understood in relation to the organizational mission as imprinted at the founding. We extend the notion of hybridity beyond the combination of institutional logics to highlight the interest orientation (mutual versus general interest). Unlike what is suggested in extant literature, we find that mutual interest orientation may be associated with ‘scale up’, business growth strategies, while general interest orientation may lead to less growth-focused ‘scale out’ and ‘scale deep’ strategies. The findings illuminate aspects of the hybrid nature of social enterprises by explaining their diverse scaling strategies, and extend the notion of imprinting to the inter-organizational level by highlighting how social enterprises may collaborate to collectively achieve the pursuit of their multiple missions. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Trois Trois Petits Cochons et le Grand Méchant Loup. La rencontre de deux archétypes
Jousten, Lison ULiege

in La revue des lettres modernes (in press)

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui ... [more ▼]

Image de la menace par excellence, le Grand Méchant Loup est un adversaire dont on ne compte plus les apparitions, notamment dans les fictions destinées au jeune public. Dans Les Trois Petits Cochons, qui s’impose comme cas d’école parmi ces récits où surgit l’animal redouté, le loup devient l’ennemi du cochon, une créature traditionnellement associée à l’enfance. Ce tandem, qui repose sur un principe général d’opposition, brasse avec lui une série de représentations qui transparaissent en filigrane. Le détour opéré par l’histoire culturelle du cochon et quelques-uns de ses prolongements cinématographiques permet de dessiner progressivement les contours de la place occupée par le loup dans ce conte. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de M. Lærke, Ch. Leduc, D. Rabouin, "Leibniz. Lectures et commentaires"
Dony, Arthur ULiege

in Revue Philosophique de Louvain (in press)

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See detailLes haruspices publics au service de Rome : des aristocrates convoqués d’Étrurie ? Quels aristocrates ?
Berthelet, Yann ULiege

in Dialogues d'Histoire Ancienne (in press)

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See detailLa question de l’éducation : aiguillon des philosophies politiques. Castoriadis/Rancière.
Wustefeld, Sophie ULiege

in MethIS: Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

La démocratie reste un thème chéri par la philosophie politique contemporaine, pour l’écart entre ses théories et ses pratiques, pour la distance critique que ses théories offrent vis-à-vis des régimes ... [more ▼]

La démocratie reste un thème chéri par la philosophie politique contemporaine, pour l’écart entre ses théories et ses pratiques, pour la distance critique que ses théories offrent vis-à-vis des régimes démocratiques et de leur évolution, mais aussi parce qu’elle est un objet perpétuel de dissensus entre philosophes, au sujet duquel toute prétention à la véridiction est suspendue à sa réalisation pratique. À ce titre, la transmission de la volonté démocratique est un topos houleux de la philosophie politique contemporaine. Cette question catalyse les concepts pivots des philosophies politiques, la leur poser permet de mieux saisir les enjeux rivaux derrière une terminologie commune à plusieurs auteurs. C’est dans cette démarche que je vous propose d’examiner en miroir les philosophies de Cornélius Castoriadis et de Jacques Rancière. De plus en plus nombreux, des commentateurs rapprochent leurs pensées , qui peuvent s’appuyer sur plusieurs points communs : un attachement au concept de démocratie brandit contre les régimes parlementaires, une opposition contemporaine (quoique depuis des héritages différents) aux thèses défendues par Althusser, et une proximité de sources d’inspirations : la philosophie, le marxisme, et la psychanalyse. Partant de la manière dont cette proximité s’exprime dans la disjonction que chacun opère entre démocratie et science, je tenterai de discerner comment les inflexions qu’ils impriment aux concepts de volonté et d’égalité sous la guise des enjeux de la transmission dessinent des horizons politiques distincts, et dénotent des compréhensions antithétiques – mais indécidables dans la théorie – de ce que peut être la démocratie. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte rendu de A. Arjava, J. Frösén, J. Kaimio, The Petra Papyri V, Amman, American Center of Oriental Research, 2018
Carlig, Nathan ULiege

in Byzantion: Revue Internationale des Études Byzantines (in press)

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See detailLes troubles du sommeil chez l'enfant autiste, quel rôle pour le pédopsychiatre?
Abate Ekollo, Joëlle; Malchair, Alain ULiege

in Acta Psychiatrica Belgica (in press)

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants ... [more ▼]

Les troubles du sommeil sont fréquents chez l’enfant et leurs origines sont diverses. Ces troubles ont leur ancrage dans le développement neurophysiologique et psychoaffectif de l’enfant. Les enfants souffrant de troubles du spectre autistique présentent un déficit de sommeil, qui peut durer jusqu’à l’adolescence. Les troubles du spectre autistique comportent des comorbidités multiples, dont des altérations du sommeil. Ils sont importants à caractériser dans cette population, car ils peuvent avoir un impact négatif sur les comportements diurnes. Par ailleurs, ils entrainent souvent des difficultés au sein de la famille. La prise en charge doit avant tout prendre en compte le contexte environnemental afin d’améliorer les habitudes et l’hygiène du sommeil. Des questionnaires ainsi que des agendas de sommeil ont été remplis par des parents afin de démontrer l’importance d’une évaluation et d’une prise en compte des troubles du sommeil chez les enfants souffrant d’autisme en consultation pédopsychiatrique. [less ▲]

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See detailMaintenance of genetic and morphological identity in two sibling Syrrhopodon species (Calymperaceae, Bryopsida) despite extensive introgression.
Pereira, M.R.; Ledent, A.; Mardulyn, P. et al

in Journal of Systematics and Evolution (in press)

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See detailCalcium, phosphorus and magnesium in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Fewtrell, mary; Goulet, Olivier; Mihatsch, Walter et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailLa psychologie animale : une psychologie sans sujet ?
Servais, Véronique ULiege

in cahiers d'anthropologie sociale (in press)

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity ... [more ▼]

The paper first offers a brief summary of the birth of animal psychology and ethology and underlines the fact that both of them were established as sciences through the rejection of animals’ subjectivity. The author then turns to the work of Buytendijk and other authors inspired by his phenomenological approach and concludes that animal subjects are always situated subjects that are engaged in a dynamic relationship with their milieu. The paper discusses the consequences of this conclusion in relation to the nature/culture debate and it questions the “true nature” of primates in this perspective. Finally, the author imagines how ethology and primatology would be changed if the animals were to be considered as subjects and briefly reviews how anthropology could contribute to it. [less ▲]

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See detailL’activité éditoriale comme démarche de représentation de la connaissance: l’exemple de la ponctuation médiévale
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULiege

in Diachroniques: Revue de linguistique française diachronique (in press)

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See detailRéformes territoriales : où en est la Belgique ?
Husson, Jean-François ULiege

in Revue Européenne de l’Action Publique (in press)

Présentation de l'état des réformes territoriales en Belgique.

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See detailPer una edizione integrale e analitica dell'incipit della Storia d'Italia di Francesco Guicciardini
Moreno, Paola ULiege

in Laboratoire Italien: Politique et Société (in press)

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See detailComparison of quantitative PCR and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry assays for identification of bacteria in milk samples from cows with subclinical mastitis
Ngassam Tchamba, C.; Rao, Anne-Sophie ULiege; Boyen, F. et al

in Journal of Applied Microbiology (in press)

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See detailIntravenous lipid emulsions in paediatric patients
Lapillonne, A; Didler Mis, N; Goulet et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detail"Smart" Participation: Confronting Theoretical and Operational Perspectives
Schelings, Clémentine ULiege; Elsen, Catherine ULiege

in International Journal on Advances in Intelligent Systems (in press), 1&2

This paper explores the relatively new phenomenon of citizen participation in the Smart City context. We present a case study comparative analysis of three participatory approaches implemented in three ... [more ▼]

This paper explores the relatively new phenomenon of citizen participation in the Smart City context. We present a case study comparative analysis of three participatory approaches implemented in three European Smart Cities. Each of those operational perspectives is studied in view of the theoretical concepts conveyed by the scientific state of the art, this way highlighting similarities and gaps between theory and practice. The results are focused on (i) the various existing interpretations of the “citizen participation” and the “Smart City” definitions, on (ii) the different selection processes applied in all three cases to recruit the participating citizens and on (iii) the benefits and drawbacks associated with the implementation of participative processes in a Smart City. The article closes with a discussion about key elements to keep in mind when implementing a bottom-up participative approach in the context of a Smart City. Eventually, the confrontation between theoretical and practical perspectives results in a revisited version of Arstein’s ladder of citizen participation, adapted to the Smart City context. [less ▲]

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See detailRôle et langue de Tchantchès dans les représentations en castelets des romans de chevalerie : le cas des Quatre fils Aymon
Baiwir, Esther ULiege; Impe, Anaëlle

in Enquêtes du Musée de la Vie Wallonne (in press)

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du ... [more ▼]

Pourquoi et dans quelle mesure les montreurs de marionnettes liégeoises font-ils intervenir Tchantchès aux côtés des grands chevaliers médiévaux, dont les aventures constituent une part importante du répertoire liégeois ? Quels sont ses moyens d'action, mais également ses modes d'expression ? Divers registres de langue apparaissent au fil des spectacles ; quels sont ceux prêtés à notre héros ? Et surtout, ce rôle et cette langue ont-ils évolué au fil du temps ? C’est à ces quelques questions que nous tentons de répondre, en observant les différentes interventions de Tchantchès dans les réécritures des aventures des quatre fils Aymon, l’une des œuvres les plus anciennes et les plus fréquemment jouées dans les théâtres liégeois dévolus aux comédiens de bois. [less ▲]

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See detailThe European policy of culture: Between economic paradigm and the rhetoric of exception (published in French in December 2017)
Calligaro, Oriane; Vlassis, Antonios ULiege

in Politique Européenne (in press)

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See detailBackscattered electron emission after proton impact on gold nanoparticles with and without polymer shell coating
Hespeels, Felicien; Heuskin, Anne-Caherine; Tabarrant, Tijani et al

in Physics in Medicine and Biology (in press)

This work aims at measuring experimentally proton induced secondary electron energy spectra after interaction with Gold Nano Particles (GNPs) and polymer-coated GNPs. Backscattered electron energy spectra ... [more ▼]

This work aims at measuring experimentally proton induced secondary electron energy spectra after interaction with Gold Nano Particles (GNPs) and polymer-coated GNPs. Backscattered electron energy spectra were collected over a 0 to 1000 eV energy range using a Retarding Field Analyzer. This paper presents the spectra obtained for proton beam energies of 0.5 and 2 MeV and diameter 2.5 and 3.8 nm GNPs. The spectra were also measured for 3.8 nm GNPs after 5 and 10 MeV proton irradiations. GNPs were deposited on a 100 nm carbon film. Each experimental spectrum was compared with dedicated simulations based on existing numerical models used in the TRAX and Geant4 Monte Carlo codes. For 100 nm carbon target, good agreement between experimental, TRAX and Geant4 simulation results can be observed. For 3.8 nm GNPs, the TRAX simulations reproduce with good agreement the electron energy spectra produced after 0.5, 2, 5 and 10 MeV proton irradiations, while Geant4 spectra display a lower secondary electron yield at low energy (<600eV) for all the studied energies. This underestimation can mostly be explained by the 790 eV threshold applied in the condensed history model used by Geant4 which impacts the secondary electron energy distribution. Results obtained for carbon and gold targets highlight the impact of the secondary electron production threshold for proton ionization process considered in condensed history models. The experimental results demonstrate that the single interaction approach used in TRAX is adapted to reproduce secondary electron emission from GNPs. On the other hand, the standard electron generation threshold implement in G4BetheBlochModel and G4BraggModel condensed-history models used in Geant4 is not adapted to reproduce low energy electron emission in gold targets. Finally, the results highlight that the GNP coating leads to a decrease of the electron yield and mostly affects low energy electrons (<500eV) emitted from GNPs. [less ▲]

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See detailIntégrer le droit international au champ des relations internationales : les juristes belges à Versailles en 1919
Genin, Vincent ULiege

in Relations internationales (in press), (2),

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See detailL’Église des Piémontais à Rome au début du XVIIe siècle. Les “musiques extraordinaires” d’une nation composite
Morales, Jorge ULiege

in Revue Belge de Musicologie (in press), 73

Cet article présente les premiers résultats des recherches archivistiques sur la vie musicale de l’Église nationale des Piémontais à Rome. La construction de cette église va de pair avec la construction ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente les premiers résultats des recherches archivistiques sur la vie musicale de l’Église nationale des Piémontais à Rome. La construction de cette église va de pair avec la construction de l’identité et l’affirmation politique d’un duché qui, de « territoire tampon, devient un État intermédiaire » . Cette contribution permet d’examiner les transferts de sacralité qui s’opèrent entre le duché de Piémont-Savoie et la Ville éternelle, la manière dont cette église devient le théâtre de l’affirmation politique et sociale de la famille de Savoie, mais également la circulation des musiciens locaux et venus d’ailleurs qui font de l’église de la nation piémontaise un laboratoire de l’identité savoyarde à Rome. [less ▲]

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See detailCost-effectiveness of sequential treatment with abaloparatide vs. teriparatide for United States women at increased risk of fracture.
Hilisgmann, M.; Williams, S.A.; Fitzpatrick, L.A. et al

in Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism (in press)

Objectives: There is emerging evidence supporting sequential therapy with an osteoanabolic followed by an antiresorptive in patients at high-risk of fragility fractures. This study assessed the cost ... [more ▼]

Objectives: There is emerging evidence supporting sequential therapy with an osteoanabolic followed by an antiresorptive in patients at high-risk of fragility fractures. This study assessed the cost-effectiveness of sequential treatment with abaloparatide (ABL) followed by alendronate (ALN) [(ABL/ALN)] compared with teriparatide (TPTD) followed by ALN (TPTD/ALN). Methods: A previously validated Markov microsimulation model was adapted to estimate the cost-effectiveness of sequential ABL/ALN compared with sequential TPTD/ALN and no treatment with a lifetime horizon from the US payer perspective. Patients were assumed to receive ABL or TPTD for 18 months followed by 5 years of ALN in line with clinical recommendations. The effects of ABL on fracture risk were derived from the ACTIVExtend trial. The effects of TPTD were assumed to be maintained during subsequent ALN treatment, consistent with ACTIVExtend findings for ABL. Evaluation was completed for patients, aged 50 80 years with a BMD T-score ¡3.5 or with a T-score between ¡2.5 and ¡3.5 and a history of one osteoporotic fracture. Results: In all simulated populations, sequential ABL/ALN therapy was dominant (lower costs, D14X X higher QALYs) compared with sequential TPTD/ALN therapy, resulting from the improved efficacy and lower drug price of ABL. Probabilistic sensitivity analyses suggested that ABL/ALN was dominant in at least 99% of the simulations. Compared to no treatment, the cost per QALY gained of ABL/ALN D15X X was always below $130,000. Conclusions: Sequential ABL/ALN therapy is a D16X X cost-effective (dominant) strategy compared with sequential TPTD/ALN therapy for the treatment of US women at increased risk of fractures. [less ▲]

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See detailLooking for the cosmopolitical fish: monitoring marine pollution with anglers and congers in the Gulf of Fos, southern France
Gramaglia, Christelle; Melard, François ULiege

in Science, Technology and Human Values (in press)

Following a heated local controversy over the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille, residents pointed to the lack of knowledge of the industry’s cumulative ... [more ▼]

Following a heated local controversy over the construction of a waste incinerator in the Fos-sur-Mer industrial area near Marseille, residents pointed to the lack of knowledge of the industry’s cumulative impact on their health and environment. Under pressure, some of their representatives supported the creation of an independent scientific organization, the Ecocitizen Institute for Pollution Awareness (IECP). Its aim was to conduct independent, localized scientific research on the chronic effects of pollution, and to lobby the administration to change its regulatory practices. This paper examines the work of the IECP to ensure that the “undone science” (Frickel et al. 2010) of pollution and its impacts gets done, by focusing on the specificities of this highly industrialized site. We look at a participatory biomonitoring experiment aimed at documenting pollution in the Gulf of Fos, where scientists working for the IECP accepted anglers’ concerns and requests and switched from a standard sentinel species to another species (conger or Conger conger). We tell the many stories that were shared with us about how congers qualified as a more suitable “cosmopolitical fish” in the study of pollution. Elaborating on actor-network theory and multispecies ethnographies, we go on to discuss the appropriacy appropriateness and success of congers as the newly appointed sentinel species aiding the detection of mercury and PCB contamination hotspots. We argue that this demonstrates the importance of the “ecology of multispecies relations” (Stengers 2010) in maintaining the livability of the area. [less ▲]

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See detailEnjeux politiques et critiques d'une philosophie des normes
Caeymaex, Florence ULiege; Pieron, Julien ULiege

in Dissensus (in press)

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See detailFrom a new workplace to a New Way of Working: legitimizing organizational change
Jemine, Grégory ULiege; Dubois, Christophe ULiege; Pichault, François ULiege

in Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management (in press)

Several studies have recently documented projects of organizational transformation and modernization which, commonly clustered under the umbrella term “New Ways of Working” (NWoW), simultaneously entail ... [more ▼]

Several studies have recently documented projects of organizational transformation and modernization which, commonly clustered under the umbrella term “New Ways of Working” (NWoW), simultaneously entail material, technological, cultural and managerial dimensions. Academic contributions, however, have paid little attention to the mechanisms allowing such projects to progressively become legitimized in organizational discourses and practices. The paper aims to investigate the distinctive features of the legitimation process underlying the implementation of NWoW projects. [less ▲]

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See detailCommon Clays of Foumban area (West Cameroon): Variability, Distribution, Characterization and Potential Applications
Nkalih Mefire, Abiba ULiege; YONGUE, Rose Fouateu

in Journal of African Earth Sciences (in press)

Common clay deposits from five localities in Foumban (West Cameroon) were investigated for their morphological, mineralogical and geochemical properties to determine their potential source rocks and ... [more ▼]

Common clay deposits from five localities in Foumban (West Cameroon) were investigated for their morphological, mineralogical and geochemical properties to determine their potential source rocks and suitability in ceramic product. The analytical results were obtained by X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, Thermogravimetric Analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopy, and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry. Morphologically, an homogeneous clayey layer was found in the upper part of a laterite cover on interfluves, and a clayey heterogeneous hydromorphic material in valleys. They are minerallogically composed of kaolinite (25-84%), illite (0-18%), smectite (0- 31%), and chlorite (0-8 %), associated with quartz (2-44 %), K-feldspars (0-27 %.), plagioclase (0-26%), goethite; (0-9%) with traces of rutile and hematite (≤5 %). The geochemical analysis shows a 115 relative large amount of SiO2 (45-71%), Al2O3 (14-31%), and low Fe2O3 (up to 11 %) suggesting weathering of mainly granitic and rhyolitic parent rocks. Most studied clays could be applied to building ceramic product such as bricks (refractory or not) and tiles. Illite may promote the glassy phase responsible for the densification of the final product. In addition, the relatively high proportion of alkali elements (K2O + Na2O, 6-8%) in some samples from Marom, Koutaba and is responsible for low firing temperature. However the presence of smectite (up to 5 %) limits the application of some Koutaba and Marom clays for ceramic building. The high Fe2O3 contents (> 8 %) in some Bangourain clays implied some pretreatment. [less ▲]

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See detailOvercoming familiarity illusions in a single case with persistent déjà vu
Ernst, Alexandra ULiege; DELRUE, Gaël ULiege; Willems, Sylvie ULiege

in Memory (in press)

While occasional déjà vu is benign in the general population, rare neuropsychological cases with persistent déjà vu have been described in the literature. We report the case of MN, a 25-year-old woman ... [more ▼]

While occasional déjà vu is benign in the general population, rare neuropsychological cases with persistent déjà vu have been described in the literature. We report the case of MN, a 25-year-old woman, who suffered a cerebral haemorrhage in the right thalamo-callosal region and experienced recurrent déjà vu episodes. Through clinical interviews and memory tasks related to déjà vu, we assumed that source memory errors and an inappropriate feeling of familiarity (measured by the number of false recognitions) were critically involved in MN’s déjà vu. Based on this, we developed the first neuropsychological intervention dedicated to déjà vu. The rationale was to train MN to detect elements that could produce an inappropriate feeling of familiarity and to promote metacognitive awareness about déjà vu. This intervention was effective at reducing the frequency of déjà vu episodes in MN’s daily life, as well as the number of false recognitions in memory tasks. In addition to its clinical contribution, this single-case study contributes to the limited literature on patients whose déjà vu is not related to epileptic abnormalities and medial temporal brain damage, and provide supportive evidence of the role of an erroneous feeling of familiarity and of metacognitive processes in déjà vu. [less ▲]

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See detailFictions de l’œuvre. Projets et textes possibles dans les romans de la vie littéraire
Saint-Amand, Denis ULiege

in Cahiers ReMIX (in press)

Le monde des études littéraires a vu se développer, au cours de ces dernières années, une théorie des textes possibles qui confronte la réception traditionnelle des œuvres (c’est-à-dire la façon dont leur ... [more ▼]

Le monde des études littéraires a vu se développer, au cours de ces dernières années, une théorie des textes possibles qui confronte la réception traditionnelle des œuvres (c’est-à-dire la façon dont leur lecture se concrétise la plupart du temps et le commentaire qu’on en livre habituellement) à une réinvention de leur signification, tirant parti des impensés de la fiction, des non-dits, des interactions interrompues, des blancs, des inférences labiles et autres zones creuses du récit qui offrent des prises pour une renégociation herméneutique. À côté des réinventions herméneutiques des œuvres classiques, de l’approche génétique et du fantasme programmatique autour des productions perdues, la critique des textes possibles aurait tout à gagner à explorer un continent fictionnel, fructueux en termes d’œuvres en puissance et qui recèle d’indications sur l’évaluation des modes et tendances d’une époque émanant des représentations des écrivains eux-mêmes : les œuvres imaginaires qui n’existent qu’en tant qu’elles sont inscrites dans d’autres œuvres, qui en esquissent les contours, les présentent voire les citent. Celles-là sont au cœur de la présente enquête, menée à partir du corpus rassemblé dans la base de données du GREMLIN ; on interroge dans cette contribution la façon dont, par métonymie, elles contribuent à une représentation fictionnelle de la vie littéraire. [less ▲]

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See detailConsensus report: Peri-implant diseases and conditions
Berglundh, Tord; Armitage, Gary; Avila-Ortiz, Gustavo et al

in Journal of Periodontology (in press)

A classification for peri-implant diseases and conditions was presented. Focused questions on the characteristics of peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis, periimplantitis, and soft- and hard-tissue ... [more ▼]

A classification for peri-implant diseases and conditions was presented. Focused questions on the characteristics of peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis, periimplantitis, and soft- and hard-tissue deficiencies were addressed. Peri-implant health is characterized by the absence of erythema, bleeding on probing, swelling, and suppuration. It is not possible to define a range of probing depths compatible with health; of more importance are the clinical signs of inflammation. Peri-implant health can exist around implants with reduced bone support.The main clinical characteristic of peri-implant mucositis is bleeding on gentle probing. Erythema, swelling, and/or suppuration may also be present. An increase in probing depth is often observed in the presence of peri-implant mucositis due to swelling or decrease in probing resistance. There is strong evidence from animal and human experimental studies that plaque is the etiological factor for peri-implant mucositis. Peri-implantitis is a plaque-associated pathological condition occurring in tissues around dental implants, characterized by inflammation in the peri-implant mucosa and subsequent progressive loss of supporting bone. Peri-implantitis sites exhibit clinical signs of inflammation, bleeding on probing, and/or suppuration, increased probing depths and/or recession of the mucosal margin in addition to radiographic bone loss. The evidence is equivocal regarding the effect of keratinized mucosa on the longterm health of the peri-implant tissue. It appears, however, that keratinized mucosa may have advantages regarding patient comfort and ease of plaque removal. Case definitions in day-to-day clinical practice and in epidemiological or diseasesurveillance studies for peri-implant health, peri-implant mucositis, and periimplantitis were introduced. The proposed case definitions should be viewed within the context that there is no generic implant and that there are numerous implant designs with different surface characteristics, surgical and loading protocols. It is recommended that the clinician obtain baseline radiographic and probing measurements following the completion of the implant-supported prosthesis. [less ▲]

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See detailStein characterizations for linear combinations of gamma random variables
Arras, Benjamin; Azmoodeh, Ehsan; Poly, Guillaume et al

in Brazilian Journal of Probability and Statistics (in press)

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See detailIPCAPS: an R package for iterative pruning to capture population structure
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULiege; Abegaz Yazew, Fentaw; Tongsima, Sissades et al

in Source Code for Biology and Medicine (in press)

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with ... [more ▼]

Resolving population genetic structure is challenging, especially when dealing with closely related populations. Although Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based methods and genomic var- iation with single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are widely used to describe shared genetic an- cestry, improvements can be made targeting fine-level population structure. This work presents an R package called IPCAPS, which uses SNP information for resolving possibly fine-level population structure. The IPCAPS routines are built on the iterative pruning Principal Component Analysis (ipP- CA) framework to systematically assign individuals to genetically similar subgroups. Our tool is able to detect and eliminate outliers in each iteration to avoid misclassification. It can be extended to de- tect subtle subgrouping in patients as well. In addition, IPCAPS supports different measurement scales for variables used to identify substructure. Hence, panels of gene expression and methylation data can be accommodated. [less ▲]

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See detailAbaloparatide for risk reduction of nonvertebral and vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: a network meta-analysis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege; Bianic, F.; Campbell, R. et al

in Osteoporosis International (in press)

Summary: This network meta-analysis assessed the efficacy of abaloparatide versus other treatment options to reduce the risk of fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The analysis indicates ... [more ▼]

Summary: This network meta-analysis assessed the efficacy of abaloparatide versus other treatment options to reduce the risk of fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The analysis indicates that abaloparatide reduces the risk of fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis versus placebo and compared with other treatment options. Introduction: This network meta-analysis (NMA) assessed the relative efficacy of abaloparatide versus other treatments to reduce the risk of fractures in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). Methods: PubMed®, Embase®, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for randomized controlled trials published before December 20, 2017, that included women with PMO who were eligible to receive interventions for primary or secondary fracture prevention. The NMA was conducted by fracture site (vertebral [VF], nonvertebral [NVF], and wrist), with the relative risk (RR) of fracture versus placebo the main clinical endpoint. The NMA used fixed-effects and random-effects approaches. Results: A total of 4978 articles were screened, of which 22 were included in the analysis. Compared with other treatments, abaloparatide demonstrated the greatest treatment effect relative to placebo in the VF network (RR = 0.13; 95% credible interval [CrI] 0.04–0.34), the NVF network (RR = 0.50; 95% CrI 0.28–0.85), and the wrist fracture network (RR = 0.39; CrI 0.15–0.90). Treatment ranking showed that abaloparatide had the highest estimated probability of preventing fractures in each of the networks (79% for VF, 70% for NVF, and 53% for wrist fracture) compared with other treatments. Individual networks demonstrated a good level of agreement with direct trial evidence and direct pair-wise comparisons. Conclusions: This NMA indicates that abaloparatide reduces the RR of VF, NVF, and wrist fracture in women with PMO with or without prior fracture versus placebo, compared with other treatment options. Limitations include that adverse events and drug costs were not considered, and that generalizability is limited to the trial populations and endpoints included in the NMA. © 2019, The Author(s). [less ▲]

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See detailExternal Quality Assessment of 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25(OH)2D3) assays.
Carter, G. D.; Ahmed, F.; Berry, J. et al

in The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology (in press)

The discovery that mutations of the CYP24A1 gene are a cause of idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia (IIH) has revived interest in measuring serum 24,25(OH)2D3. Several studies have also suggested that a ... [more ▼]

The discovery that mutations of the CYP24A1 gene are a cause of idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia (IIH) has revived interest in measuring serum 24,25(OH)2D3. Several studies have also suggested that a high 25-hydroxyvitamin D3(25-OHD3):24,25(OH)2D3 ratio might provide additional diagnostic information in the investigation of vitamin D deficiency. Measurement of 24,25(OH)2D3 is necessarily restricted to laboratories with mass spectrometry methods although cross reactivity of the metabolite in immunoassays for 25-OHD is a potential cause of misleading results. The international External Quality Assessment (EQA) scheme for vitamin D metabolites (DEQAS) was set up in 1989. In 2013 DEQAS became an accuracy based EQA for 25-OHD with 'target values' assigned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Reference Measurement Procedure (RMP). A pilot scheme for serum 24,25(OH)2D3 was started in 2015 and participants were asked to measure the metabolite on each of the 5 samples sent out for 25-OHD. Inter-laboratory agreement was poor but this may reflect methodological differences, in particular different approaches to assay standardization. An important potential contribution to reducing variability among assays was the development by NIST of a 24,25(OH)2D3 RMP and its use in assigning values to SRMs 972a, 2973 and 2971, supported by the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) as part of the Vitamin D Standardization Program (VDSP) effort. [less ▲]

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See detailLes critiques chrétiennes des lectisternes et sellisternes romains : un banquet trop anthropomorphe ?
Berthelet, Yann ULiege

in Les Cahiers du CEDOPAL (in press)

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See detailDevelopment of specific tests in bike-trials riders and relationship with jumping ability
Thomas, Pierre-Charles; Miny, Kévin ULiege; Jidovtseff, Boris ULiege

in Science et Sports (in press)

Aims of the study - The first aim of this study was to set a battery of field tests in order to assess specific muscular function of biketrial riders. The second aim was to investigate the discrimination ... [more ▼]

Aims of the study - The first aim of this study was to set a battery of field tests in order to assess specific muscular function of biketrial riders. The second aim was to investigate the discrimination of these tests by comparing the performance of elite and amateur riders. Material and method - Twenty ELITE biketrial riders and 13 biketrial amateurs (AMAT) underwent field tests. The battery of field tests consisted in four non specific jumping tests (SJ, CMJ,SBJ and Reactivity) and three original specific tests on the bike (bike gap, side-hop over an elastic and holding time on the back-wheel). All the tests were performed on the field with portable equipment. Results – The results show that bike specific tests are very discriminant: ELITE riders were significantly superior in each test (p<0.001) The 20in riders seem to have a greater jumping ability in comparison with the 24in riders. The correlation between the jumping field tests and the bike specific tests is fairly high (r>0.7). Conclusion – The field tests as well as the bike specific tests showed to be selective and discriminant for the biketrial rider’s. Jumping ability appears to be very important in order to achieve the elite level. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Figure du délinquant. Essai de psychologie phénoménologique à partir du Saint Genet, comédien et martyr
Recchia, Fabio ULiege; Da Conceiçao Mestre, Alice

in Cercle Herméneutique (Le) (in press)

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See detailLe risque et la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme. Premières esquisses d'une réflexion sur le risque à l'aune des droits fondamentaux
Bouhon, Frédéric ULiege

in Revue des Droits et Libertés fondamentaux (in press)

En repartant de la notion de « société du risque », la présente étude entend montrer pourquoi la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme est amenée à évaluer des risques et comment elle y procède. À cette ... [more ▼]

En repartant de la notion de « société du risque », la présente étude entend montrer pourquoi la Cour européenne des droits de l’homme est amenée à évaluer des risques et comment elle y procède. À cette fin, deux approches différentes de la jurisprudence sont déployées. D’une part, à travers une lecture juridico-linguistique, on cherche à recenser et à examiner les principales expressions que la Cour utilise couramment pour traiter les cas pertinents. D’autre part, par le biais d’une approche juridico-économique, on essaie d’appliquer les grands principes de la théorie de la gestion du risque (gravité, probabilité et acceptabilité) à cette même jurisprudence, avec l’intention de contribuer à une lecture originale des arrêts de la Cour. [less ▲]

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See detailAdaptive large neighborhood search for multi-trip vehicle routing with time windows
François, Véronique ULiege; Arda, Yasemin ULiege; Crama, Yves ULiege

in Transportation Science (in press)

We consider a multi-trip vehicle routing problem with time windows (MTVRPTW), in which each vehicle can perform several trips during its working shift. This problem is especially relevant in the context ... [more ▼]

We consider a multi-trip vehicle routing problem with time windows (MTVRPTW), in which each vehicle can perform several trips during its working shift. This problem is especially relevant in the context of city logistics. Heuristic solution methods for multi-trip vehicle routing problems often separate routing and assignment phases in order to create trips and then assign them to the available vehicles. We show that this approach is outperformed by an integrated solution method in the presence of time windows. We use an automatic configuration tool to obtain efficient and contextualized implementations of our solution methods. We provide suitable instances for the MTVRPTW as well as an instance generator. Also, we discuss the relevance of two objective functions: the total duration and the total travel time. When minimizing the travel time, large increases of waiting time are incurred, which is not realistic in practice. [less ▲]

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See detailLe changement psychologique d'hommes auteurs de violences conjugales après leur thérapie en groupe de responsabilisation
Di Piazza, Laetitia ULiege; Kowal, Cécile; Hodiaumont, Fabienne et al

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objectives: The aim of our research was to examine the association between impulsivity, alexithymia and depression and the perpetration of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. We focused ... [more ▼]

Objectives: The aim of our research was to examine the association between impulsivity, alexithymia and depression and the perpetration of physical and psychological intimate partner violence. We focused on these particular psychological characteristics in order to understand this phenomenon and its prevention and/or treatment. Our initial study of fifty-six male perpetrators showed domestic violence was associated with a high level of alexithymia and depression. Analyses showed they reported more depressive feelings, and more difficulties to express their emotions than did general population. To determine if reductions were noted about these psychological characteristics at the end of intervention program, the Manuscrit 2 present study examined longitudinal data. Patients and Methods: Twenty-four male offenders (voluntary or judicialized) were surveyed using self-report questionnaires and structured clinical interview to collect sociodemographic data and to assess specific psychological variables, namely emotional distress (Beck Depression Inventory), impulsive behavior (Barratt Impulsivity Scale 11) and alexithymia (Toronto Alexithymia Scale 20), the inability to experience and express subjective emotions. These men were examined before the start of therapeutic program (T1) and at the end of it (T2), after 42 hours of psychological support. Results: Findings showed both alexithymia and depression were reduced after therapeutic management. Analyses showed male intimate partner violence offenders reported less difficulty to express their emotions and less depressive feelings at the end of their intervention program. However, we only observe a significant result for alexithymia and its dimension “difficulties identifying feelings”. Impulsivity, on the other side, remains unchanged between the two evaluation times for all participants after the therapeutic program. Conclusion: Our findings suggested a strong link between alexithymia and domestic violence and showed the positive effect of specific therapeutic interventions on alexithymia and depression. We pointed out the fact that with the decrease of alexithymia, participants may have a better awareness of themselves and of their behavior. In conclusion, it is encouraging to note that specific treatment programs increase awareness about the problem of intimate partner violence. [less ▲]

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See detailUne conversion contestable de l’usufruit du conjoint survivant (note sous Gand (11e ch.), 19 novembre 2015)
Pottier, Alix ULiege

in Revue Générale de Droit Civil Belge (in press)

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See detailTo what extent are bryophytes efficient dispersers?
Vanderpoorten, Alain ULiege; Patino, J.; Désamoré, A. et al

in Journal of Ecology (in press)

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See detailÉvaluation psychiatrique et hospitalisation contrainte d'urgence. Analyse rétrospective de dossiers
Schmits, Emilie ULiege; Evrard, Maude; Valassopoulou, Eftichia et al

in Annales Médico-Psychologiques (in press)

Objectives: Psychiatric cares sometimes lead to coercive measures for the patient. Emergency procedures are initiated by the competent Public Prosecutor who can decide to hospitalize patient under ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Psychiatric cares sometimes lead to coercive measures for the patient. Emergency procedures are initiated by the competent Public Prosecutor who can decide to hospitalize patient under constraint on the basis of a medical certificate. This procedure raises questions at different levels. The present study included several objectives: (1) investigation of the profile of the patients; (2) practical application of this type of procedure; (3) evaluation of the criteria related to the decision-making process leading to forced hospitalization. Method: This study was conducted in a Medical-Psycho-Social emergency unit in Belgium. This is a retrospective search, conducted on the basis of file analyses. Were included all patients who experienced emergency psychiatric assessment at the request of the magistrate. The following information were collected: date and time of admission, date of birth, sex, sector, diagnosis, use of therapeutic isolation, outcome of the evaluation, type of support, and the sex of the evaluators. These data were analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. Results: Two hundreds and thirty-eight 238 persons were admitted in the emergency unit at the request of a magistrate. The average age is 39.99 years (59.66% men) and 62.18% of patients are registered in their hospital sector, while 34.87% of admissions are made outside the sector. Psychiatric night care is activated in 34.03% of cases, while 28.15% of psychiatric assessment requests arrive in the morning and 37.39% in the afternoon. The service receives between 4 and 5 requests from the magistrate per week. While 15.96% of them are referred on weekends, 84.04% are sent to the service on weekdays. Regarding the main diagnosis, 42.43% show a psychotic disorder, 13.44% a (hypo) manic episode, 10.50% an abuse of substance, 9.66% of behavioral disorders, 7.56% a personality disorder, 5.88% an adjustment disorder, 5.05% a depressive disorder and 3.36% a mental retardation. Therapeutic isolation is used in 34.87% of situations. In 55.04% of the cases, the procedure was stopped, while 43.69% lead to hospitalization under constraint. If the procedure is stopped, another follow-up is proposed: 22.38% of in-house ambulatory follow-up, 16.41% of outpatient follow-up, 14.17% with a mobile unit, 9.70% of in-house hospitalization, 9.70% of judicial follow-up, 8.95% of care by a medical service, 5.22% of network referral, and 2.23% of social follow-up. Patients whose assessment leads to hospitalization under constraint are significantly older than those whose procedure is stopped. The sex of the patient does not influence the outcome of the assessment. The decision to hospitalize under constraint is not influenced by the time of admission or the sex of the evaluator. However, the results demonstrate a significant link between therapeutic isolation and the decision to hospitalize under constraint. Patients spending the night in the emergency room are more often hospitalized under constraint. In addition, the main diagnosis posed is significantly related to the outcome of the psychiatric evaluation. The majority of people diagnosed with psychotic disorders and (hypo) manic episodes are hospitalized under constraint, while people met for substance abuse, behavioral disorders and adjustment disorders are not. A very small proportion of patients with personality disorder, depressive disorder or mental retardation are forced into hospital. Conclusion: This study provides detailed descriptions of the patients involved in the emergency procedure and its practical application, as well as the identification of factors related to forced hospitalization. This work allows an inventory of the urgent procedure (psychiatric assessment and forced hospitalization) and improves the understanding of psychiatric procedures and practices. © 2018 Elsevier Masson SAS [less ▲]

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See detailReview of the guideline of the American College of Physicians on the treatment of osteoporosis.
Kanis, J.A.; Cooper, C.; Rizzoli, R et al

in Osteoporosis International (in press)

Summary: This review, endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases ... [more ▼]

Summary: This review, endorsed by the International Osteoporosis Foundation and the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases, summarizes several failings of the recent guidelines of the American College of Physicians (ACP) on the treatment of low bone density or osteoporosis to prevent fractures. Introduction: The ACP recently issued guidelines for the treatment of low bone density or osteoporosis to prevent fractures. Methods : Literature review and critical review of the ACP guidelines. Results :The guideline is lacking in scope due to the endorsement of treatment based on T-scores rather than fracture risk assessment and in failure to adequately consider anabolic therapies. Conclusions :The ACP guideline appears outdated. [less ▲]

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See detailMaqriziana XIV: Al-Maqrīzī’s Last Opus (Al-Ḫabar ʿan al-Bašar) and Its Significance for the History of Islam
Bauden, Frédéric ULiege

in Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (in press)

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See detailThe developmental neural substrates of item and serial order components of verbal working memory
Attout, Lucie ULiege; Ordonez Magro, Laura; Szmalec, Arnaud et al

in Human Brain Mapping (in press)

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See detailMitigation Techniques for Nappe Oscillations on Free-Overfall Structures
Lodomez, Maurine ULiege; Crookston, Brian ULiege; Tullis, Blake et al

in Civil Engineering ASCE (in press)

Nappe oscillation is a phenomenon that can have an undesirable impact to the local environmental (e.g., nearby residences, parks) as the phenomenon has been observed to produce a significant level of ... [more ▼]

Nappe oscillation is a phenomenon that can have an undesirable impact to the local environmental (e.g., nearby residences, parks) as the phenomenon has been observed to produce a significant level of noise caused by acoustic pressure waves. As a result, a detailed investigation was undertaken to identify practical and effective mitigation solutions to address these effects for free-overfall structures. Nappe oscillations were studied using a prototype-scale linear weir (weir length of 3.5 m and fall height of 3 m), a high-speed camera, and audio equipment. The effectiveness of various crest modifications to reduce nappe oscillation and any corresponding impacts to hydraulic efficiency were evaluated. The test matrix included the optimization (position and spacing of elements) of three mitigation solutions: 12 configurations with projecting elements, 5 configurations with deflectors and one configuration with a step. These three countermeasures proved to be effective after the optimization of their characteristics. In particular, deflectors or a step produced the maximum noise reduction while decreasing the discharge coefficient by less than 3 % over the range of experimental conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailA threesome is healthier than a love triangle: connecting planetary health, climate change and migration
Schütte, Stefanie; Gemenne, François ULiege; Depoux, Anneliese et al

in The Lancet Planetary Health (in press)

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See detailVariable selection in proportional hazards cure model with time-varying covariates, application to US bank failures
Beretta, Alessandro ULiege; Heuchenne, Cédric ULiege

in Journal of Applied Statistics (in press)

From a survival analysis perspective, bank failure data are often characterized by small default rates and heavy censoring. This empirical evidence can be explained by the existence of a subpopulation of ... [more ▼]

From a survival analysis perspective, bank failure data are often characterized by small default rates and heavy censoring. This empirical evidence can be explained by the existence of a subpopulation of banks likely immune from bankruptcy. In this regard, we use a mixture cure model to separate the factors with an influence on the susceptibility to default from the ones affecting the survival time of susceptible banks. In this paper, we extend a semi-parametric proportional hazards cure model to time-varying covariates and we propose a variable selection technique based on its penalized likelihood. By means of a simulation study, we show how this technique performs reasonably well. Finally, we illustrate an application to commercial bank failures in the United States over the period 2006-2016. [less ▲]

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See detailMultimodal parcellations and extensive behavioral profiling tackling the hippocampus gradient
Plachti, Anna; Eickhoff, Simon; Hoffstaedter, Felix et al

in Cerebral Cortex (in press)

The hippocampus displays a complex organization and function that is perturbed in many neuropathologies. Histological work revealed a complex arrangement of subfields along the medial-lateral and the ... [more ▼]

The hippocampus displays a complex organization and function that is perturbed in many neuropathologies. Histological work revealed a complex arrangement of subfields along the medial-lateral and the ventral-dorsal dimension, which contrasts with the anterior-posterior functional differentiation. The variety of maps has raised the need for an integrative multimodal view. We applied connectivity- based parcellation to 1) intrinsic connectivity 2) task-based connectivity and 3) structural covariance, as complementary windows into structural and functional differentiation of the hippocampus. Strikingly, while functional properties (i.e., intrinsic and task-based) revealed similar partitions dominated by an anterior-posterior organization, structural covariance exhibited a hybrid pattern reflecting both functional and cytoarchitectonic subdivision. Capitalizing on the consistency of functional parcellations, we defined robust functional maps at different levels of partitions, which are openly available for the scientific community. Our functional maps demonstrated a head-body and tail partition, subdivided along the anterior-posterior and medial-lateral axis. Behavioral profiling of these fine partitions based on activation data indicated an emotion-cognition gradient along the anterior-posterior axis and additionally suggested a self-world centric gradient supporting the role of the hippocampus in the construction of abstract representations for spatial navigation and episodic memory. [less ▲]

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See detailPhotologie, linéarité et modernité politique. Du geste philosophique derridien
Petteni, Oriane ULiege

in Éthique, Politique, Religions (in press), 1/n°12

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See detailVitamins in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition
Bronski, J; Campoy, C; Braegger, C et al

in Clinical Nutrition (in press)

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See detailSleep deprivation and hallucinations: A qualitative study of military personnel
Pallesen, S; Olsen, O.K:; Eide, E.M. et al

in Military Psychology (in press)

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See detailHunting down the source: how amnesic patients avoid fluency-based memory errors
Geurten, Marie ULiege; Bastin, Christine ULiege; Salmon, Eric ULiege et al

in Neuropsychology (in press)

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether differences in the ability of amnesic and healthy participants to detect alternative sources of fluency can account for differences observed in ... [more ▼]

Objective: The primary aim of this study was to test whether differences in the ability of amnesic and healthy participants to detect alternative sources of fluency can account for differences observed in the use of fluency as a cue for memory. Method: Patients with severe memory deficits and matched controls were presented with three forced-choice recognition tests. In each test, an external source of fluency was provided by manipulating the perceptual quality of the studied items during the test phase. The detectability of the perceptual manipulation varied in each test (i.e., a 10%, 20%, or 30% contrast reduction were given). Results: The results indicated that all participants were able to rely on fluency when making recognition decisions as long as the perceptual manipulation remained unnoticed. Interestingly, our data also revealed that the level of contrast reduction at which the alternative source is detected differs between healthy controls and amnesic patients. Specifically, patients with amnesia appeared to disqualify fluency as a cue for memory even when the contrast reduction was moderate while healthy participants only disqualified fluency when the contrast reduction was clearly visible. Conclusion: Overall, our results seem to suggest that the ability to use fluency is probably not impaired in amnesia but undergo metacognitive changes resulting in the implementation of explicit or implicit strategies aiming at tracking alternative sources in order to reduce memory errors. [less ▲]

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See detailLes déterminants des rendements du mil et du sorgho avec la technique de microdosage d’engrais
Sissoko, Penda ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Veterinaires (in press), 7(2),

La technique de microdosage d’engrais a été développée par l’Institut International de recherche sur les cultures des zones tropicales et semi-arides (ICRISAT) en partenariat avec les instituts nationaux ... [more ▼]

La technique de microdosage d’engrais a été développée par l’Institut International de recherche sur les cultures des zones tropicales et semi-arides (ICRISAT) en partenariat avec les instituts nationaux de recherche au Sahel pour répondre aux contraintes de productivité des céréales sèches, en l’occurrence les cultures de mil et de sorgho. Cette étude vise à l’identification des déterminants de la productivité du mil et du sorgho avec l’application de la technique du microdosage d’engrais par les producteurs. Des enquêtes agronomiques ont été réalisées pour collecter des données auprès de 108 producteurs agricoles dans les régions sahélienne et soudano-sahélienne du Mali. Les statistiques descriptives et les méthodes analytiques ont été utilisées pour analyser les données avec le logiciel STATA. Les résultats ont montré que le microdosage d’engrais, les variétés améliorées, la fumure organique, les techniques de conservation du sol et de l’eau, le semoir à disque et l’utilisation de la subvention d’engrais par les producteurs sont des variables positifs et significatifs dans le rendement du mil et du sorgho. [less ▲]

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See detailTranslation, Adaptation, and Preliminary Validation of Dacakis and Davies' "Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (Male to Female)" in French.
Morsomme, Dominique ULiege; Revis, Joana; Thomas, Elisabeth

in Journal of Voice (in press)

Transgender MtF people (trans women) consult otorhinolaryngologists and vocologists with the aim of feminizing their voice and being consistently perceived as women. Treatment of these trans women always ... [more ▼]

Transgender MtF people (trans women) consult otorhinolaryngologists and vocologists with the aim of feminizing their voice and being consistently perceived as women. Treatment of these trans women always begins with a vocal assessment that is relatively unspecific as it was originally constructed for individuals with dysphonia. OBJECTIVES: This study examines the subjective portion of the assessment and specifically the self-assessment questionnaire. There is no French-language questionnaire designed to identify the issues facing people who want voice feminization and quantify the impact of their voice disorder on their daily lives. We present a translation and adaption into French of the questionnaire developed by Dacakis et al [6]. METHODS: This work follows the World Health Organization recommendations [12] regarding translation. Thirty-six Belgian and French trans women took part in this study. RESULTS: The results show excellent repeatability and reliability, while the construct validity measures show that the items correlate with six areas of concern for trans women identified by Davies and Johnson [7] in a previous study. The domains are the following: effect of voice on ease of social interaction, effect of voice on emotions, relationship between voice and gender identity, effort and concentration required to produce voice, physical aspects of voice production, and pitch. Concurrent validity could not be measured owing to lack of sufficiently detailed stories. CONCLUSION: The psychometric properties of the French version of the questionnaire are acceptable. The questionnaire can be used as is in daily clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailA situated expert judgment: QSAR models and transparency in the European regulation of chemicals
Thoreau, François ULiege; Laurent, Brice

in Science & Technology Studies (in press)

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See detailEditorial
Simons, Germain ULiege; Poffé, Corentin ULiege; Beckers, Jacqueline ULiege et al

in Didactiques en Pratique (in press), 4

L'éditorial présente brièvement le n° 4 de la revue Didactiques en pratique, qui est principalement articulé autour des actes de l'Université d'été 2017 "Les tâches complexes. Apprentissage et évaluation".

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See detailAdvances in the use of CO2 as a renewable feedstock for the synthesis of polymers
Grignard, Bruno ULiege; Gennen, Sandro; Jérôme, Christine ULiege et al

in Chemical Society Reviews (in press)

Carbon dioxide offers an accessible, cheap and renewable carbon feedstock for synthesis. Current interest in the area of carbon dioxide valorisation aims at new, emerging technologies that are able to ... [more ▼]

Carbon dioxide offers an accessible, cheap and renewable carbon feedstock for synthesis. Current interest in the area of carbon dioxide valorisation aims at new, emerging technologies that are able to provide new opportunities to turn a waste into value. Polymers are among the most widely produced chemicals in the world greatly affecting the quality of life. However, there are growing concerns about the lack of reuse of the majority of the consumer plastics and their after-life disposal resulting in an increasing demand for sustainable alternatives. New monomers and polymers that can address these issues are therefore warranted, and merging polymer synthesis with the recycling of carbon dioxide offers a tangible route to transition towards a circular economy. Here, an overview of the most relevant and recent approaches to CO2-based monomers and polymers are highlighted with particular emphasis on the transformation routes used and their involved manifolds. [less ▲]

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See detailLes French Studies américaines au tournant du XXIe siècle – enjeux et discours d’une crise identitaire
Daubercies, Laurence ULiege

in MethIS: Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press), 5

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See detailConsequence of past anthropogenic forest fragmentation on the genetic structure of European mammals: the example of the edible dormouse (Glis glis)
Michaux, Johan ULiege; Hurner, H.; Krystufek, B et al

in Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (in press)

The genetic structure of forest animal species may allow the spatial dynamics of the forests themselves to be tracked. Two scales of change are commonly discussed: changes in forest distribution during ... [more ▼]

The genetic structure of forest animal species may allow the spatial dynamics of the forests themselves to be tracked. Two scales of change are commonly discussed: changes in forest distribution during the Quaternary, due to glacial/ interglacial cycles, and current fragmentation related to habitat destruction. However, anthropogenic changes in forest distribution may have started well before the Quaternary, causing fragmentation at an intermediate time scale that is seldom considered. To explore the relative role of these processes, the genetic structure of a forest species with narrow ecological preferences, the edible dormouse (Glis glis), was investigated in a set of samples covering a large part of its Palaearctic distribution. Strong and complex geographical structure was revealed from the use of microsatellite markers. This structure suggests that fragmentation occurred in several steps, progressively splitting the ancestral population into peripheral isolated ones. The fact that this structure postdates post-glacial recolonization, together with dating based on microsatellite data, supports the hypothesis that the differentiation was recent, starting around 9000 years ago, and took place stepwise, possibly up to Medieval times. This complements a classic phylogeographical interpretation based on the effect of past climate change, and supports the role of anthropogenic deforestation as a trigger of recent intraspecific differentiation. [less ▲]

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See detailBuilding kidney exchange programmes in Europe: an overview of exchange practice and activities
Biro, Peter; Haase-Kromwijk, Bernadette; Andersson, Tommy et al

in Transplantation (in press)

BACKGROUND:Considerable differences exist among the living donor Kidney Exchange Programmes (KEPs) that are in use and being built in Europe, contributing to a variation in the number of living donor ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND:Considerable differences exist among the living donor Kidney Exchange Programmes (KEPs) that are in use and being built in Europe, contributing to a variation in the number of living donor transplants [6]. Efforts of European KEPs to exchange (best) practices and share approaches to address challenges have, however, been limited.METHODS:Experts from 23 European countries, collaborating on the ENCKEP COST Action, developed a questionnaire to collect detailed information on the functioning of all existing KEPs in Europe, as well as their opportunities and challenges. Following a comparative analysis, results were synthesised and interpreted by the same experts.RESULTS:The practices, opportunities and challenges reported by 17 European countries reveal that some of the 10 operating programmes are mature, while others are in earlier stages of development. Over 1300 transplants were performed through existing KEPs up to the end of 2016, providing approximately 8\% of their countries' living kidney donations in 2015. All countries report challenges to either initiating KEPs or increasing volumes. Some challenges are shared, whilst others differ because of differences in context (eg, country size, effectiveness of deceased donor programme) and ethical and legal considerations (eg, regarding living donation as such, nonrelated donors, and altruistic donation). Transnational initiatives have started in Central Europe, Scandinavia, and Southern Europe.CONCLUSIONS:Exchange of best practices and shared advancement of national programmes to address existing challenges, aided by transnational exchanges, may substantially improve access to the most (cost) effective treatment for the increasing number of patients suffering from kidney disease.This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (CCBY), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. [less ▲]

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See detailPathways of running away among Belgian youth
Glowacz, Fabienne ULiege; Léonard, Julie; Courtain, Audrey ULiege

in Youth and Society (in press)

Runaway behaviors among teenagers have been studied for some 40 years. Still, because runaway and homeless youths have often been confounded, little is known about what really defines a runaway adolescent ... [more ▼]

Runaway behaviors among teenagers have been studied for some 40 years. Still, because runaway and homeless youths have often been confounded, little is known about what really defines a runaway adolescent. This study targets three objectives in a mixed-method design relying on data from official files and interviews: the descriptions of teenagers reported as missing (e.g., age, sex, runaway duration and reiteration, place left behind, type of caller reporting the child as missing, motivation for closing the file) and the understanding of runaway pathways and dynamics. These studies can contribute to prevention and intervention programs by providing new perspectives on how runaway experiences should be understood in light of the adolescent process. [less ▲]

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See detailType 2 diabetes mellitus and osteoarthritis
Veronese, Nicola; Cooper, Cyrus; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULiege et al

in Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism (in press)

OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and osteoarthritis (OA) are common diseases that frequently co-exist, along with overweight/obesity. While the mechanical impact of excess body weight on joints ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and osteoarthritis (OA) are common diseases that frequently co-exist, along with overweight/obesity. While the mechanical impact of excess body weight on joints may explain lower limb OA, we sought to explore whether T2DM is linked to OA outside of excess weight and whether T2DM may play a role in OA pathophysiology. The consequence of T2DM on OA outcomes is a question of research interest. METHODS: We conducted a critical review of the literature to explore the association between T2DM and OA, whether any association is site-specific for OA, and whether the presence of T2DM impacts on OA outcomes. We also reviewed the literature to assess the safety of anti-OA treatments in patients with T2DM. RESULTS: T2DM has a pathogenic effect on OA through 2 major pathways involving oxidative stress and low-grade chronic inflammation resulting from chronic hyperglycemia and insulin resistance. T2DM is a risk factor for OA progression and has a negative impact on arthroplasty outcomes. Evidence is mounting for safety concerns with some of the most frequently prescribed anti-OA medications, including paracetamol, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroid injections, while other anti-OA medications may be safely prescribed in OA patients with T2DM, such as glucosamine and intra-articular hyaluronic acid. CONCLUSIONS: Future research is needed to better understand whether diabetes control and prevention can modulate OA occurrence and progression. The selection of therapy to treat OA symptoms in patients with T2DM may require careful consideration of the evidence based to avoid untoward safety issues. [less ▲]

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See detailIlluminating Lives: The Biographical Impulse in Postcolonial Literatures
Ledent, Bénédicte ULiege; Tunca, Daria ULiege

in Journal of Commonwealth Literature (in press)

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See detailLa collecte des preuves numériques en droit belge après l'arrêt de la cour constitutionnelle du 5 décembre 2018
Monville, Pierre ULiege; Giacometti, Mona; Grisard de la Rochette, Lorraine ULiege

in Revue de Droit Pénal et de Criminologie (in press)

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See detailEmpirical Evidence on the Market Power, Business Model, Banking Stability and Performance in the Emerging Economies
Yudha Sudrajad, Oktofa; Hübner, Georges ULiege

in Eurasian Business Review (in press)

This paper studies the nexus between banks’ market power and business model represented by non-interest income and non-deposit short-term funding share. We also examine the impact of bank business model ... [more ▼]

This paper studies the nexus between banks’ market power and business model represented by non-interest income and non-deposit short-term funding share. We also examine the impact of bank business model on banking stability and performance. We use a sample made up with six ASEAN country banking sectors from 2002 to 2015. We find that banks with a strong capital base but lower net interest margin perform better in translating their market power to generate non-traditional income as alternative soruce of revenues. Our findings also show that the implementation of Basel 2 Accord encourages banks to create non-interest income from trading & derivatives activities. We also document that banks with higher market power tend to increase non-deposit short-term funding in their banking scheme. In the evaluation of the banking stability, our results suggest that banks with greater non-traditional income are associated with less banking overall risk. Moreover, non-traditional incomes also contribute to better bank performance. [less ▲]

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See detail"A Growth to Understanding": An Interview with Caryl Phillips about Biographical Fiction
Ledent, Bénédicte ULiege; Tunca, Daria ULiege; Phillips, Caryl

in Journal of Commonwealth Literature (in press)

Starting from the recognition of a biographical impulse in the work of Caryl Phillips, this interview focuses on his practice of biographical fiction. Among the issues raised are the increased popularity ... [more ▼]

Starting from the recognition of a biographical impulse in the work of Caryl Phillips, this interview focuses on his practice of biographical fiction. Among the issues raised are the increased popularity of life writing, the tension between fact and fiction at the heart of biographical narratives, the linguistic exactitude involved in focusing on historical characters, the role of research in the exploration of human lives, and the importance of emotional truth in novels that deal with famous individuals. This conversation sheds light on Phillips’s specific approach to biofiction, particularly in his novels Dancing in the Dark (2005) and A View of the Empire at Sunset (2018), while also providing readers with a more general reflection on the genre in the postcolonial field. [less ▲]

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See detailConstruction cognitive d’un motif : cooccurrences textuelles et associations mémorielles
Longrée, Dominique ULiege; Mellet, Sylvie; Lavigne, Frederic

in CogniTextes (in press)

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See detailMe and the NGO staff, We Live like Azungu; Malawian Moral Economies of Development
Mc Namara, Thomas ULiege

in Human Organization (in press), 78 (2019)(21),

This article explores how rural Malawians used an NGO’s presence to negotiate their changing intra-community responsibilities. It responds to a perceived incompatibility between development and kinship ... [more ▼]

This article explores how rural Malawians used an NGO’s presence to negotiate their changing intra-community responsibilities. It responds to a perceived incompatibility between development and kinship-inspired moral economies by exploring how “becoming developed” became a (contested) way to fulfil intra-communal obligations and entitlements, which were previously enacted through resource sharing. It also shows how villagers’ understanding that donors were a patron for their entire community encouraged them to make demands on the NGO’s project’s beneficiaries. These findings should persuade practitioners to consider how their projects will be reinterpreted through community-embedded concepts of obligation and the effects of their mere presence on local meanings of development. [less ▲]

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See detailTaxe Caïman et associations : le crocodile a les dents encore plus longues
Garroy, Sabine ULiege

in ASBL Actualités (in press)

La taxe Caïman ou taxe de transparence pour but d’imposer les revenus des patrimoines qui sont artificiellement séparés du patrimoine du contribuable . Cette taxe vise tant les personnes physiques que les ... [more ▼]

La taxe Caïman ou taxe de transparence pour but d’imposer les revenus des patrimoines qui sont artificiellement séparés du patrimoine du contribuable . Cette taxe vise tant les personnes physiques que les entités soumises à l’impôt des personnes morales (I.P.M.) , et donc notamment les A.S.B.L. qui sont soumises à cet impôt . Dans cette contribution, nous proposons un aperçu général des éléments caractéristiques de ce dispositif fiscal pour les assujettis à l’I.P.M., à savoir les différentes définitions des notions-clés (A.), le principe même de la transparence fiscale (B.), l’application différenciée selon la catégorie d’assujettis à laquelle le contribuable appartient (C.), les exceptions à l’application du régime (D.). Pour que l’I.P.M. – et partant la taxe Caïman – puisse être appliqué, l’assujetti devait en principe posséder la personnalité juridique. Le législateur vient de revoir ce principe en rendant possible l’application de la taxe Caïman aux associations de fait. C’est par ces dernières considérations que nous achèverons notre exposé (E.). [less ▲]

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See detail"And he adjusted himself to them not falling:" A Reading of Oracle Night as a Metacognitive Mystery Tal
Dechene, Antoine ULiege

in Revue LISA: Littératures, Histoire des Idées, Images, Sociétés du Monde Anglophone (in press)

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See detailMood Disorders Patients Treated in a Day Hospital: Focus on Changes in Alexithymia and Openness to Emotions
Triffaux, Jean-Marc ULiege; Nasello, Julian ULiege; Servais, Catherine et al

in Clinical Psychiatry (in press)

Alexithymia and Openness to Emotions (OE) are strongly linked to mood disorders. Alexithymia represents the difficulty of giving words to emotions, whilst OE refers to cognitive representation ... [more ▼]

Alexithymia and Openness to Emotions (OE) are strongly linked to mood disorders. Alexithymia represents the difficulty of giving words to emotions, whilst OE refers to cognitive representation, communication and regulation aspects of emotions. We investigated variables impacting both alexithymia and OE for mood disorder patients (N = 73), before and after a treatment period in a day psychiatric hospital. Significant score changes and, notably, significant impacts of perceived social support were expected. [less ▲]

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See detailPannes métaphysiques: le roman policier chez Belletto et Jaenada
Dechene, Antoine ULiege; Dumont, Agnès

in Crossways Journal (in press)

Cet article cherche à mettre en lumière des exemples de pannes narratives dans le genre du récit policier et plus particulièrement du récit policier dit « métaphysique ». Les caractéristiques de ce type ... [more ▼]

Cet article cherche à mettre en lumière des exemples de pannes narratives dans le genre du récit policier et plus particulièrement du récit policier dit « métaphysique ». Les caractéristiques de ce type de narrations, dont les mystères demeurent le plus souvent irrésolus et dans lesquelles détectives, victimes et criminels se confondent, offrent, en effet, un terreau fertile à l’éclosion de pannes en tout genre. Celles-ci imprègnent particulièrement l’écriture de deux auteurs français contemporains étrangement laissés de côté par la critique académique : René Belletto et Philippe Jaenada. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling of coupled heat and mass transfer during drying of ebony wood using indirect natural convection solar dryer
Simo-Tagne, Merlin; Bonoma, B.; Bennamoun, L. et al

in Drying Technology (in press)

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