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See detailEmergency support of transmission voltages by active distribution networks: a non-intrusive scheme
Pabon Ospina, Luis David; Van Cutsem, Thierry ULiege

in IEEE Transactions on Power Systems (in press)

Non-negligible amounts of Distributed Generating Units (DGUs) are already connected to power systems, predominantly to medium- and low-voltage networks. The interaction between distribution and ... [more ▼]

Non-negligible amounts of Distributed Generating Units (DGUs) are already connected to power systems, predominantly to medium- and low-voltage networks. The interaction between distribution and transmission systems is gaining the attention of system operators. Given the high controlability of DGUs, the active distribution networks can potentially support the transmission system during emergency situations. Previously proposed voltage emergency controls involving distribution network assets focused on preserving the transmission system integrity, even if it implies affecting the distribution system operation (intrusive schemes). More attention needs to be devoted to supporting transmission voltages, while preserving the distribution network operation (non-intrusive schemes). This paper introduces a new adaptive and non-intrusive voltage emergency control scheme based on the synchronization of DGUs and the load tap changer of the corresponding distribution transformer. The conclusions are derived from time-domain simulations using an extended version of the IEEE Nordic test system for voltage stability assessment. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de l'ouvrage de Bénédicte DELIGNON : La morale de l’amour dans les Odes d’Horace : poésie, philosophie et politique, Paris, Sorbonne Université Presses, 2019.
Amilien, Arnaud ULiege

in Antiquité Classique (in press), 90

In this book, Bénédicte Delignon shows that Horatius introduces a moral dimension in his Ods described as "erotica". According to her, it would have taken place in Augustus's project of redressing the ... [more ▼]

In this book, Bénédicte Delignon shows that Horatius introduces a moral dimension in his Ods described as "erotica". According to her, it would have taken place in Augustus's project of redressing the Roman morality (the “mos maiorum”). The erotic Ods are thus pieces combining love with politics and moral philosophy and singing the Princeps as well as his restoration of order. [less ▲]

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See detailUn regard post-coloniliste de la médiatisation européenne à l'heure des Femen en Tunisie
Luceno Moreno, Marta ULiege

in Open Library of Humanities (in press)

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See detailStatistics and linguistics: can we tell something more about Pliny the Elder?
Fantoli, Margherita ULiege

in Classics@ (in press)

Présentation des outils et des méthodes L.A.S.L.A. et discussion des premiers résultats des tests statistiques sur le deuxième livre de la Naturalis Historia de Pline l'Ancien.

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See detailCancer immunotherapy: it’s time to better predict patients’ response
Pilard, Charlotte ULiege; Ancion, Marie ULiege; Delvenne, Philippe ULiege et al

in British Journal of Cancer (in press)

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See detailLa Vigna Manzi a Garaguso (MT) : Vecchi scavi, ricerche in corso e prospettive di studio di un importante sito indigeno
Cuvelier, Graham ULiege; Morard, Thomas ULiege; Motta, Lucie

in Siris: Studi e Ticerche della Scuola di Specializzazione in Archeologia di Matera (in press)

This article traces the history of the archaeological research conducted on the site of the Vigna Manzi in Garaguso starting from the excavation of Vittorio Di Cicco in 1916 (which uncovered the famous ... [more ▼]

This article traces the history of the archaeological research conducted on the site of the Vigna Manzi in Garaguso starting from the excavation of Vittorio Di Cicco in 1916 (which uncovered the famous “Dea di Garaguso” and her tempietto) to the five surveys run by Jean-Paul Morel between 1969 and 1970. It then presents the results of the campaign led by Jean-Marc Moret in 2008 as well as the reopening and the prospects of the study of this site by the University of Liège. [less ▲]

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See detailPresumptive acute myeloid leukemia in a Pelomedusa subrufa turtle
Melin, Marie; Vlaemynck, Frederic; Skeldon, Niki et al

in Veterinary Clinical Pathology (in press)

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See detailAgeism among psychology students: A comparative analysis between Belgium and Quebec (Canada)
Marquet, Manon ULiege; Vallet, Guillaume; Adam, Stéphane ULiege et al

in Année Psychologique (in press)

This study aimed to examine ageist attitudes in psychology students who may become the healthcare professionals. We also compared cultural differences between attitudes in Belgium and Quebec. We ... [more ▼]

This study aimed to examine ageist attitudes in psychology students who may become the healthcare professionals. We also compared cultural differences between attitudes in Belgium and Quebec. We hypothesized that psychology students would have more positive attitudes toward older people in Quebec than in Belgium. Quebec has indeed more invested in age-friendly initiatives that may promote socio-economic factors associated with better attitudes toward older people. A total of 236 psychology students participated in this study (81 Belgian students and 155 Quebec students). The students completed different self-reported questionnaires to assess their attitudes toward older people. As predicted, the results showed that students in Quebec were overall less negative toward older adults. Since negative attitudes may influence students’ choice to work with older people and may also have damaging consequences in the assessment and/or healing context, we discuss different directions to improve these attitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the structure of symmetric n-ary bands
Devillet, Jimmy; Mathonet, Pierre ULiege

in International Journal of Algebra and Computation (in press)

We study the class of symmetric $n$-ary bands. These are $n$-ary semigroups $(X,F)$ such that $F$ is invariant under the action of permutations and idempotent, i.e., satisfies $F(x,\ldots,x)=x$ for all $x ... [more ▼]

We study the class of symmetric $n$-ary bands. These are $n$-ary semigroups $(X,F)$ such that $F$ is invariant under the action of permutations and idempotent, i.e., satisfies $F(x,\ldots,x)=x$ for all $x\in X$. We first provide a structure theorem for these symmetric $n$-ary bands that extends the classical (strong) semilattice decomposition of certain classes of bands. We introduce the concept of strong $n$-ary semilattice of $n$-ary semigroups and we show that the symmetric $n$-ary bands are exactly the strong $n$-ary semilattices of $n$-ary extensions of Abelian groups whose exponents divide $n-1$. Finally, we use the structure theorem to obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for a symmetric $n$-ary band to be reducible to a semigroup. [less ▲]

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See detailAberrations chromatiques : de l’émulsion au pixel
Thonon, Jonathan ULiege

in Cahiers Louis Lumière (in press)

Dans l’une de ses conversations avec Joachim Gasquet sur le sens de sa peinture (et de la peinture en général), Cézanne aborde de front la conception qu’il se fait de la couleur, dans son rapport à la ... [more ▼]

Dans l’une de ses conversations avec Joachim Gasquet sur le sens de sa peinture (et de la peinture en général), Cézanne aborde de front la conception qu’il se fait de la couleur, dans son rapport à la profondeur picturale et de son articulation à la surface : « La nature n'est pas en surface ; elle est en profondeur. Les couleurs sont l'expression, à cette surface, de cette profondeur. Elles montent des racines du monde ». Cet « organisme de couleurs » que constitue le monde est transcrit dans la peinture de Cézanne par une dynamique symbiotique de la couleur et du dessin, de la ligne et du pan. La couleur restitue, par sa masse, son surgissement, son homogénéité, presque sa viscosité, la véritable chaire perceptive du monde ; une vision qui tient à distance la perspective géométrique, photographique, cinématographique fondée sur la transparence et qui repose, comme le signale Merleau-Ponty, sur la « réversibilité des dimensions » (surface-profondeur) et l’entrelacement des choses. C’est cette épaisseur du visible rendu par la couleur que l’économie de l’image numérique nous permet de redécouvrir, moins dans le registre de la « tactilité » de l’image et la picturalité du pixel, que par l’intégration, entre le support et l’image (parfois indiscernables dans le régime optique), d’un « corps » algorithmique qui règle l’actualisation du visible. Certains défauts techniques du dispositif numérique, aujourd’hui élevés au rang de pratique artistique, permettent de révéler cette matrice qui utilise alors la couleur et la coulure comme mode de visibilité. C’est le cas du Datamoshing, technique de composition numérique qui revisite tout en la radicalisant la pratique de l’incrustation vidéo. Basée sur la perturbation volontaire d’éléments de la matrice, cette technique transforme les couleurs en une forme malléable et fluide révélant ainsi leur double nature spatiale : elles sont à la fois dans l’espace de l’image et l’espace de l’image lui-même. Ces expériences de défigurations d’images s’inscrivent dans le registre des « aberrations chromatiques » dont nous proposons ici une rapide généalogie avant d’interroger la couleur digitale dans ses spécificités. [less ▲]

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See detailSlices of the past: how events are temporally compressed in episodic memory
D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege; Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; Stawarczyk, David ULiege

in Memory (in press)

Remembering everyday events typically takes less time than the actual duration of the retrieved episodes, a phenomenon that has been referred to as the temporal compression of events in episodic memory ... [more ▼]

Remembering everyday events typically takes less time than the actual duration of the retrieved episodes, a phenomenon that has been referred to as the temporal compression of events in episodic memory. Here, we review recent studies that have shed light on how this compression mechanism operates. The evidence suggests that the continuous flow of experience is not represented as such in episodic memory. Instead, the unfolding of events is recalled as a succession of moments or slices of past experience that includes temporal discontinuities—portions of past experience are omitted when remembering. Consequently, the rate of event compression is not constant but depends on the density of recalled segments of past experience. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term stability of 25-hydroxyvitamin D: importance of the analytical method and of the patient matrix.
Cavalier, Etienne ULiege

in Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine (in press)

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See detailUniversal and macro-areal patterns in the lexicon. A case-study in the perception-cognition domain
Georgakopoulos, Athanasios ULiege; Grossman, Eitan; Nikolaev, Dmitri et al

in Linguistic Typology (in press)

This paper investigates universal and areal structures in the lexicon as manifested by colexification patterns in the semantic domains of perception and cognition, based on data from both small and large ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates universal and areal structures in the lexicon as manifested by colexification patterns in the semantic domains of perception and cognition, based on data from both small and large datasets. Using several methods, including weighted semantic maps, formal concept lattices, correlation analysis, and dimensionality reduction, we identify colexification patterns in the domains in question and evaluate the extent to which these patterns are specific to particular areas. This paper contributes to the methodology of investi-gating areal patterns in the lexicon, and identifies a number of cross-linguistic regularities and of area-specific properties in the structuring of lexicons. [less ▲]

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See detailL’intreccio del Tristan en prose e altri appunti
Morato, Nicola ULiege

in Stilistica e Metrica Italiana (in press)

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See detailRôles et impacts des pharmaciens en Belgique : une revue de littérature exploratoire
Frison, Corentin ULiege; Philippe, Geneviève ULiege; Mehuys, Els et al

in Pharmacien Hospitalier et Clinicien (in press)

Introduction > There is a growing number of articles describing the roles and impacts of the activity of pharmacists and their collaborators in the community and in health care settings. However, there is ... [more ▼]

Introduction > There is a growing number of articles describing the roles and impacts of the activity of pharmacists and their collaborators in the community and in health care settings. However, there is no profile of this literature related to pharmacy practice in Belgium. Method > This is a literature review. The main objective was to gather evidence in order to describe and highlight the different characteristics of the role of pharmacists and the impacts of their activities in Belgium. The literature search was carried out in three databases, PubMed, Embase and CINAHL between 01/01/2006 and 30/09/2019. Results > Of the 232 articles identified, 65 were included for analysis. The studies included only descriptive data (73.9%, 48/65) or descriptive data associated with measures of pharmacist impact (26.1%, 17/65). The study highlighted the presence of pharmacists exercising one or the other of the 21 pharmaceutical activities with, in descending order, medication reviews, advice to patients (i.e. ad hoc process that targets a drug), therapeutic education of patients (e.g. continuous, interdisciplinary process, which aims not only to inform but also to train and evaluate the patient) and drug reconciliation activities. Studies were conducted only in pharmacies (53.8%, 35/65), hospitals (29.2%, 19/65), both (7.7%, 5/65) and other practice settings (9.2%, 6/65). Seventeen of the 65 included studies included a measure of the impact of the pharmacist's presence. Of the 35 impact measures associated with pharmaceutical interventions, 23 included positive effects, 12 neutral effects and none of the negative effects. Conclusion > This is the first review of the literature on the roles and impacts of the pharmacist in Belgium. Sixty-five articles were selected, 17 of which included measures of the impact of pharmaceutical activity. Of the 35 impact measures associated with pharmaceutical interventions, 23 included positive effects, 12 neutral effects and none of the negative effects. These data are in phase with the action plan for the development of clinical pharmacy in Belgian hospitals for the period 2015–2020. [less ▲]

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See detail2021 revised algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis-the Chinese viewpoint.
Zhang, Zhiyi; Huang, Cibo; Cao, Yongping et al

in Aging clinical and experimental research (in press)

AIM: The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is available ... [more ▼]

AIM: The European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO) algorithm for the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is available worldwide from 2014, but in 2019 an update was published. Based on this algorithm, a Working Group (WG), including ESCEO members and Chinese experts, wished to see how the new ESCEO algorithm was perceived by Chinese experts in knee OA and how it was integrated into their clinical practice. METHODS: A WG was held between members of the international ESCEO task force and a group of Chinese experts. RESULTS: Non-pharmacological approach should be combined with pharmacological interventions. In step 1, symptomatic slow-acting drugs for osteoarthritis (SYSADOA) are the most important background drugs. Evidence, supported by high-quality research, is available only for crystalline glucosamine sulfate (pCGS) and chondroitin sulfate. Topical NSAIDs could be used as an additional option. In step 2, oral NSAIDs could be useful, but cardiovascular/renal/gastrointestinal profiles of the patients should be considered. Intra-articular hyaluronic acid and corticosteroids are alternative to oral NSAIDs, but the evidence is still limited. If steps 1 and 2 are not sufficient, weak opioids could be used. Overall, the conclusions of the ESCEO algorithm are accepted in China for products available in this country. The WG suggests the importance of economic studies, specifically made in China. CONCLUSION: This work provides evidence-based advice to establish a treatment algorithm in knee OA, for practical implementation in clinical practice in China. [less ▲]

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See detailLessons from the Belgian experience with regulatory control during the COVID-19 pandemic for the implementation of the European IVD regulation 2017/746.
Vermeersch, Pieter; Cotton, Frédéric; De Smet, Dieter et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (in press)

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See detailOne tooth-One time (1T1T), immediate loading of posterior single implants with the final crown: Two-year results of a case series.
LAMBERT, France ULiege; Eldafrawy, Maher ULiege; BEKAERT, Sandrine ULiege et al

in International Journal of Oral Implantology: Implantologist (in press)

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the two-year outcomes of the One Tooth-One Time (1T1T) completely digital workflow, allowing the immediate loading of a single implant in the posterior region ... [more ▼]

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the two-year outcomes of the One Tooth-One Time (1T1T) completely digital workflow, allowing the immediate loading of a single implant in the posterior region with a final CAD-CAM crown made of a polymer-infiltrated ceramic network (PICN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A series of 10 implants were placed, and an intra-oral scan was taken after the surgery. A final screw-retained PICN crown was manufactured chair-side and placed the same day in full occlusion. Marginal peri-implant bone changes and soft-tissue health were evaluated, as well as restoration performance using World Dental Federation criteria and Pink and White Esthetic Scores. Patient-related outcome measures (PROMs) and time consumption data were collected. RESULTS: After two years, the implant survival rate was 100%. The debonding of one crown from its Titanium Base led to a 90% prosthodontic survival rate and the remaining crowns were all considered successful. The mean marginal peri-implant bone changes yielded 0.87 (SD: 0.96) and 0.55 (SD: 0.53) mm after one and two years, respectively. Mild or no inflammation of peri-implant soft tissue was observed in most implants. The overall treatment time reached 175 min and PROMs displayed high patient satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: This study constitutes the first report considering immediate loading of a single implant in the posterior region with a final crown in occlusion. In this case-series, the two-year outcomes of the 1T1T protocol seem rather promising and fulfil patient expectations. However, those preliminary results need to be confirmed by randomized control trials and patient selection is probably a key factor in this procedure success. [less ▲]

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See detailAn individualised approach for a one-abutment one-time protocol using full guided surgery: a 4-year follow-up case series
VINCENT, Kim ULiege; LI MANNI, Lou; Mainjot, Amélie ULiege et al

in International Journal of Computerized Dentistry (in press)

Aim: The aim of this case series was to evaluate the 4-year outcomes of implants placed in the aesthetic area using static computer-assisted implant surgery (s-CAIS) and restored with a one-abutment one ... [more ▼]

Aim: The aim of this case series was to evaluate the 4-year outcomes of implants placed in the aesthetic area using static computer-assisted implant surgery (s-CAIS) and restored with a one-abutment one-time (OAOT) protocol using custom-made zirconia abutments and cemented provisional crowns manufactured prior to surgery. Material and methods: Ten consecutive implants were placed in the aesthetic area. Based on a digital implant and prosthodontic planning, surgical guides were ordered and used for the preparation of definitive custom-made zirconia abutments and polymethylmethacrylate provisional crowns. Implants were placed using the s-CAIS guide, and prosthetic components were placed immediately. Implant outcomes were evaluated at the time of surgery, after 4 months and after 4 years. Results: All implants were successfully placed with s-CAIS and restored with final abutments and provisional crowns. No major prosthetic adverse events were observed. After 4 years, the implant survival rate was 100%, minor peri-implant bleeding on probing was reported, and very stable peri-implant bone levels were observed. The pink aesthetic score showed that the prosthetic components were well integrated, and the peri-implant soft tissues were stable. Conclusions: Within the limits of this case series, these results suggest that emerging digital workflows allow the manufacture of final custom-made abutments and provisional crowns prior to surgery. This individualised OAOT procedure may reduce cement-related complications and improve aesthetic outcomes by optimising soft tissue healing with prosthetic components. However, such protocols have evolved towards full digital workflows, and comparative clinical trials are needed. [less ▲]

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See detailDry and wet fractionation of plant proteins: How a hybrid process increases yield and impacts nutritional value of faba beans proteins
Dumoulin, Lionel ULiege; Jacquet, Nicolas ULiege; Malumba Kamba, Paul ULiege et al

in Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies (in press)

A combined dry and wet fractionation process is proposed to extract faba bean proteins with lower environmental impact. This fractionation process allowed to recover 87% of the total seeds proteins (92 ... [more ▼]

A combined dry and wet fractionation process is proposed to extract faba bean proteins with lower environmental impact. This fractionation process allowed to recover 87% of the total seeds proteins (92% of dehulled seeds proteins). This is achieved through the production of two protein concentrates (54 and 61% protein content w/w DM). After dry fractionation, wet extraction was performed on the protein-depleted fraction. The presented process consumed less energy and 5.5 times less water per kg extracted proteins, compared to traditional onestep wet extractions. Some anti-nutritional factors contents were also evaluated. Equivalent levels of phytic acid (about 11 mg/g), trypsin inhibitor activity (about 13 trypsin inhibition unit/g) and polyphenols (about 6 mg gallic acid equivalent/g) were observed in the 2 protein-rich fractions. These levels are mainly equivalent to those found after usual dry and wet one-step extractions. Significant differences of calcium, iron and zinc contents were observed between the 2 protein-rich fractions, causing a 30 to 50% difference between those fractions in terms of phytic acid/minerals ratio. Antinutritional factors content in the protein-rich fractions are equivalent to levels found in traditional legumes but still higher than existing recommendations. [less ▲]

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See detailGoogle BERT and Text Similarity Applied to the Analysis of Epistolary Texts
Valenti, Gianluca ULiege; Zeisberg, Alexander

in Cognitive Philology (in press), (14),

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See detailBrentano and the ideality of time
Seron, Denis ULiege

in Revista de Filosofia Moderna e Contemporânea (in press), 9(2),

How is it possible to have present memory experiences of things that, being past, are no longer presently experienced? A possible answer to this long-standing philosophical question is what I call the ... [more ▼]

How is it possible to have present memory experiences of things that, being past, are no longer presently experienced? A possible answer to this long-standing philosophical question is what I call the “ideality of time view,” namely the view that temporal succession is unreal. In this paper I outline the basic idea behind Brentano’s version of the ideality of time view. Additionally, I contrast it with Hume’s version, suggesting that, despite significant differences, it can nonetheless be construed as broadly Humean. [less ▲]

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See detailVulnérabilité territoriale et schizophrénie : vers un soi territorial
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Cercle Herméneutique (Le) (in press)

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See detailOdanacatib for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: results of the LOFT multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial and LOFT Extension Study
McClung, M.R.; O'Donoghue, M.L.; Papapoulos, S.E. et al

in Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology (in press)

Background: Odanacatib, a cathepsin K inhibitor, reduces bone resorption while maintaining bone formation. Previous work has shown that odanacatib increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women ... [more ▼]

Background: Odanacatib, a cathepsin K inhibitor, reduces bone resorption while maintaining bone formation. Previous work has shown that odanacatib increases bone mineral density in postmenopausal women with low bone mass. We aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of odanacatib to reduce fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Methods: The Long-term Odanacatib Fracture Trial (LOFT) was a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebocontrolled, event-driven study at 388 outpatient clinics in 40 countries. Eligible participants were women aged at least 65 years who were postmenopausal for 5 years or more, with a femoral neck or total hip bone mineral density T-score between –2·5 and –4·0 if no previous radiographic vertebral fracture, or between –1·5 and –4·0 with a previous vertebral fracture. Women with a previous hip fracture, more than one vertebral fracture, or a T-score of less than –4·0 at the total hip or femoral neck were not eligible unless they were unable or unwilling to use approved osteoporosis treatment. Participants were randomly assigned (1:1) to either oral odanacatib (50 mg once per week) or matching placebo. Randomisation was done using an interactive voice recognition system after stratification for previous radiographic vertebral fracture, and treatment was masked to study participants, investigators and their staff, and sponsor personnel. If the study completed before 5 years of double-blind treatment, consenting participants could enrol in a double-blind extension study (LOFT Extension), continuing their original treatment assignment for up to 5 years from randomisation. Primary endpoints were incidence of vertebral fractures as assessed using radiographs collected at baseline, 6 and 12 months, yearly, and at final study visit in participants for whom evaluable radiograph images were available at baseline and at least one other timepoint, and hip and non-vertebral fractures adjudicated as being a result of osteoporosis as assessed by clinical history and radiograph. Safety was assessed in participants who received at least one dose of study drug. The adjudicated cardiovascular safety endpoints were a composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, and new-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter. Individual cardiovascular endpoints and death were also assessed. LOFT and LOFT Extension are registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT00529373) and the European Clinical Trials Database (EudraCT number 2007-002693-66). Findings: Between Sept 14, 2007, and Nov 17, 2009, we randomly assigned 16 071 evaluable patients to treatment: 8043 to odanacatib and 8028 to placebo. After a median follow-up of 36·5 months (IQR 34·43–40·15) 4297 women assigned to odanacatib and 3960 assigned to placebo enrolled in LOFT Extension (total median follow-up 47·6 months, IQR 35·45–60·06). In LOFT, cumulative incidence of primary outcomes for odanacatib versus placebo were: radiographic vertebral fractures 3·7% (251/6770) versus 7·8% (542/6910), hazard ratio (HR) 0·46, 95% CI 0·40–0·53; hip fractures 0·8% (65/8043) versus 1·6% (125/8028), 0·53, 0·39–0·71; non-vertebral fractures 5·1% (412/8043) versus 6·7% (541/8028), 0·77, 0·68–0·87; all p<0·0001. Combined results from LOFT plus LOFT Extension for cumulative incidence of primary outcomes for odanacatib versus placebo were: radiographic vertebral fractures 4·9% (341/6909) versus 9·6% (675/7011), HR 0·48, 95% CI 0·42–0·55; hip fractures 1·1% (86/8043) versus 2·0% (162/8028), 0·52, 0·40–0·67; non-vertebral fractures 6·4% (512/8043) versus 8·4% (675/8028), 0·74, 0·66–0·83; all p<0·0001. In LOFT, the composite cardiovascular endpoint of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 273 (3·4%) of 8043 patients in the odanacatib group versus 245 (3·1%) of 8028 in the placebo group (HR 1·12, 95% CI 0·95–1·34; p=0·18). New-onset atrial fibrillation or flutter occurred in 112 (1·4%) of 8043 patients in the odanacatib group versus 96 (1·2%) of 8028 in the placebo group (HR 1·18, 0·90–1·55; p=0·24). Odanacatib was associated with an increased risk of stroke (1·7% [136/8043] vs 1·3% [104/8028], HR 1·32, 1·02–1·70; p=0·034), but not myocardial infarction (0·7% [60/8043] vs 0·9% [74/8028], HR 0·82, 0·58–1·15; p=0·26). The HR for all-cause mortality was 1·13 (5·0% [401/8043] vs 4·4% [356/8028], 0·98–1·30; p=0·10).When data from LOFT Extension were included, the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in significantly more patients in the odanacatib group than in the placebo group (401 [5·0%] of 8043 vs 343 [4·3%] of 8028, HR 1·17, 1·02–1·36; p=0·029, as did stroke (2·3% [187/8043] vs 1·7% [137/8028], HR 1·37, 1·10–1·71; p=0·0051). Interpretation: Odanacatib reduced the risk of fracture, but was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events, specifically stroke, in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Based on the overall balance between benefit and risk, the study’s sponsor decided that they would no longer pursue development of odanacatib for treatment of osteoporosis. [less ▲]

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See detailOrgano-mineral associations largely contribute to the stabilization of century-old pyrogenic organic matter in cropland soils
Burgeon, Victor ULiege

in Geoderma (in press)

Understanding the processes underlying carbon (C) stability in soils is of utmost importance in the context of climate change. In this setting, biochar is often studied for its persistence in soils and ... [more ▼]

Understanding the processes underlying carbon (C) stability in soils is of utmost importance in the context of climate change. In this setting, biochar is often studied for its persistence in soils and reported to have positive impacts on soil fertility. Whilst recent research has mostly focused on the short-term effects of biochar amendments to soil, a better understanding of its long-term persistence in soils is needed. Our study focuses on agricultural soils enriched in charcoal residues, produced in preindustrial kiln sites ca. 220 years ago, as a proxy for aged biochar. Our aim is to better understand the processes governing the long-term persistence of pyrogenic organic matter (PyOM) in cultivated soils. To achieve this, we focus on i) the effect of PyOM on soil aggregation, ii) its distribution amongst soil fractions and iii) its chemical and thermal properties. For this purpose, we combined a soil particle size-density fractionation with elemental and thermal analyses on topsoil samples collected in charcoal enriched (CHAR) and adjacent reference (REF) soils in a conventionally cropped field in Wallonia (Belgium). The presence of charcoal in soils resulted in a 91 ± 34% higher C content in CHAR soils than REF soils, of which 84 to 94% was PyOM and 6 to 16% was additional non-PyOM. In CHAR soils, macroaggregation was promoted at the expense of microaggregation (CHARMACRO = 48.9 ± 12.8; CHARMICRO = 25.5 ± 8.3 g 100 g−1 soil) whereas these were similar in REF soils (REFMACRO = 41.3 ± 9.5; REFMICRO = 36.0 ± 8.7 g 100 g−1 soil). Elemental and thermal analyses revealed that PyOM did not only occur as free light fractions but was also occluded in aggregates or sorbed onto mineral phases (56.4 ± 22.9% of total PyOM) suggesting PyOM may be further stabilized through organo-mineral associations. Century-old PyOM showed increased H:C and O:C atomic ratios compared to recently pyrolyzed OM, particularly in occluded as opposed to free light fractions, vouching for the functionalization of its surfaces. Furthermore, regardless of high C contents in CHAR soils, similar C:N ratios between studied soils in mineral dominated fractions suggested increased amounts of N-rich non-PyOM in charcoal rich soils. Our results demonstrate that, over centuries in cultivated soils, PyOM plays an active role in aggregation patterns. We conclude that century old PyOM is broken down from coarse to fine particles, and through functionalization of its surfaces contributes to organo-mineral associations. Beyond its intrinsic chemical recalcitrance, the long-term persistence of biochar is enhanced by occlusion and sorption processes. 1. [less ▲]

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See detailSenolythic treatment applied to osteoarthritis: a step towards the end of orthopedic surgery?
MALAISE, Olivier ULiege; TACHIKART, Yassin; BRONDELLO, Jean-Marc

in AME Medical Journal (in press)

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See detailTiwouh: an enriched technology-based solution for communication interventions
Fage, Charles ULiege; Giblet, Sarah ULiege; Jaspard, Marie et al

in Association for the Advancement of Modelling and Simulation Techniques in Enterprises (in press)

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See detailEarly Management of Acute Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis: Update of the Literature
Marques, Joana; Marronnier, Adrien; Crampon, Frederic et al

in Journal of Voice (in press)

Background. Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) often leads to significant morbidity that may include dysphonia, swallowing problems and aspiration. The best timing for medialization procedures is ... [more ▼]

Background. Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) often leads to significant morbidity that may include dysphonia, swallowing problems and aspiration. The best timing for medialization procedures is still controversial. Published data suggest that early intracordal injection positively affects long-term outcomes. Objectives. To critically review current literature in order to determine if early treatment of acute UVFP influences clinical outcomes of the patients. Type of Review. Nonsystematic literature review. Methods. A literature review was performed, using the Pubmed database. All relevant articles published in English addressing the effect of early treatment in acute unilateral focal fold paralysis were analyzed. Twenty-six articles were included due to their scientific interest. Results. Published literature suggests that early intracordal injection in patients with UVFP reduces pulmonary infections, hospital length of stay and improves voice parameters. Also, patients who receive early intracordal injection seem to be less likely to undergo subsequent medialization thyroplasty. Conclusions. Early intracordal injection should be offered to patients with newly diagnosed UVFP since it promotes a satisfactory position of the vocal fold and seems to improve clinical outcomes. More investigation, with long-term follow up data and treatment randomization, is necessary to develop clinical consensus for these patients. [less ▲]

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See detailBack to the Future: the Democracy of Yesterday and Tomorrow in the Speeches of the Rassemblement National and the Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs
Debras, François ULiege

in Journal of Contemporary European Studies (in press)

In France, the Rassemblement National and, in Austria, the Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs aim to “recover”, “restore” or “protect” democracy. In this article, I will study their use of the term ... [more ▼]

In France, the Rassemblement National and, in Austria, the Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs aim to “recover”, “restore” or “protect” democracy. In this article, I will study their use of the term “democracy” by focusing on its temporal dimension. Their discourse tells a story, that of a glorious past which should be revived. Adopting a critical discourse analysis approach, I will answer the following questions: what kind of temporality is conveyed by the term “democracy”?, and, if “democracy” is perceived as a “lost world”, then what vision do those politicians who support the ideology of the two political parties have of tomorrow’s “democracy”? I would maintain that whilst these parties present themselves as agents of a democratic renewal, their vision of “democracy” remains traditional, i.e. essentially representative and vertical. The term “direct democracy” is limited to particular subjects (the EU, immigration, international agreements) and these parties are critical of electoral reforms or new forms of participation. [less ▲]

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See detailLes pathologies de la liberté (ou la liberté des pathologies) : La ballade de Germain
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Klēsis: Revue Philosophique (in press)

Mon objectif est de soumettre le concept de « pathologies de la liberté » à triple épreuve. 1/ à travers le célèbre conflit historique de la psychiatrie française opposant Henri Ey à Jacques Lacan sur la ... [more ▼]

Mon objectif est de soumettre le concept de « pathologies de la liberté » à triple épreuve. 1/ à travers le célèbre conflit historique de la psychiatrie française opposant Henri Ey à Jacques Lacan sur la présence de la liberté au sein de la maladie mentale ; 2/ à travers l’opposition que nous identifierons entre les méthodes prônées par Binswanger et par Minkowski pour réaliser une compréhension psychopathologique de l’individu ; 3/ à travers la clinique, le cas Germain, patient psychotique dont nous reprendrons l’histoire qui le verra s’opposer au monde entier. Je donnerai différents arguments en analysant ces débats (historiques, méthodologiques et cliniques) afin de proposer une lecture singulière des pathologies de la liberté et de voir comment cette lecture s’inscrit dans le champ psychopathologique. L’objectif de ma contribution sera de rencontrer le vécu en première personne du sujet psychotique qui se retrouve mal dans la qualification de son existence comme étant privée de liberté. Comme le titre de cette étude l’annonce, la thèse que je défends est de considérer que l’interrogation des pathologies de la liberté conduit également à interroger son corollaire, la dimension inéluctablement libre inhérente aux personnes affectées de psychopathologies. Ce décalage, que nous permettra d’entrevoir Lacan, nous mènera à interroger la dimension adaptative de l’expérience psychopathologique et, dans la continuité de Canguilhem, à considérer la pathologie comme la création de normes inédites (généralement inaccessibles à autrui). [less ▲]

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See detailIntégrer le droit international au champ des relations internationales : les juristes belges à Versailles en 1919
Genin, Vincent ULiege

in Relations internationales (in press), (2),

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See detailEditing Letters from Deir el-Medina: A Preliminary Report
Sojic, Nathalie ULiege

in Rivista del Museo Egizio (in press)

This article is a preliminary report on the in-progress publication of unpublished letters written on ostraca coming from Deir el-Medina. It is structured in three parts. The first section provides ... [more ▼]

This article is a preliminary report on the in-progress publication of unpublished letters written on ostraca coming from Deir el-Medina. It is structured in three parts. The first section provides archaeological and material data on the objects. The second section proposes a typology of the documentation, thus illustrating the interest of a documentary study of the sources to better understand the scribal practices of the time. The third section briefly presents the research perspectives offered by the corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential for the use of lactoperoxidase against post-harvest diseases on fruit
Bafort, Françoise ULiege; Perraudin, Jean-Paul; Jijakli, Haissam ULiege

in Acta Horticulturae (in press)

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See detailReducibility of n-ary semigroups: from quasitriviality towards idempotency
Couceiro, Miguel; Devillet, Jimmy; Marichal, Jean-Luc et al

in Beiträge zur Algebra und Geometrie (in press)

Let $X$ be a nonempty set. Denote by $\mathcal{F}^n_k$ the class of associative operations $F\colon X^n\to X$ satisfying the condition $F(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\}$ whenever at least $k$ of the ... [more ▼]

Let $X$ be a nonempty set. Denote by $\mathcal{F}^n_k$ the class of associative operations $F\colon X^n\to X$ satisfying the condition $F(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\{x_1,\ldots,x_n\}$ whenever at least $k$ of the elements $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ are equal to each other. The elements of $\mathcal{F}^n_1$ are said to be quasitrivial and those of $\mathcal{F}^n_n$ are said to be idempotent. We show that $\mathcal{F}^n_1=\cdots =\mathcal{F}^n_{n-2}\subseteq\mathcal{F}^n_{n-1}\subseteq\mathcal{F}^n_n$ and we give conditions on the set $X$ for the last inclusions to be strict. The class $\mathcal{F}^n_1$ was recently characterized by Couceiro and Devillet \cite{CouDev}, who showed that its elements are reducible to binary associative operations. However, some elements of $\mathcal{F}^n_n$ are not reducible. In this paper, we characterize the class $\mathcal{F}^n_{n-1}\setminus\mathcal{F}^n_1$ and show that its elements are reducible. We give a full description of the corresponding reductions and show how each of them is built from a quasitrivial semigroup and an Abelian group whose exponent divides $n-1$. [less ▲]

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See detailLa question de l’éducation : aiguillon des philosophies politiques. Castoriadis/Rancière.
Wustefeld, Sophie ULiege

in MethIS: Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

La démocratie reste un thème chéri par la philosophie politique contemporaine, pour l’écart entre ses théories et ses pratiques, pour la distance critique que ses théories offrent vis-à-vis des régimes ... [more ▼]

La démocratie reste un thème chéri par la philosophie politique contemporaine, pour l’écart entre ses théories et ses pratiques, pour la distance critique que ses théories offrent vis-à-vis des régimes démocratiques et de leur évolution, mais aussi parce qu’elle est un objet perpétuel de dissensus entre philosophes, au sujet duquel toute prétention à la véridiction est suspendue à sa réalisation pratique. À ce titre, la transmission de la volonté démocratique est un topos houleux de la philosophie politique contemporaine. Cette question catalyse les concepts pivots des philosophies politiques, la leur poser permet de mieux saisir les enjeux rivaux derrière une terminologie commune à plusieurs auteurs. C’est dans cette démarche que je vous propose d’examiner en miroir les philosophies de Cornélius Castoriadis et de Jacques Rancière. De plus en plus nombreux, des commentateurs rapprochent leurs pensées , qui peuvent s’appuyer sur plusieurs points communs : un attachement au concept de démocratie brandit contre les régimes parlementaires, une opposition contemporaine (quoique depuis des héritages différents) aux thèses défendues par Althusser, et une proximité de sources d’inspirations : la philosophie, le marxisme, et la psychanalyse. Partant de la manière dont cette proximité s’exprime dans la disjonction que chacun opère entre démocratie et science, je tenterai de discerner comment les inflexions qu’ils impriment aux concepts de volonté et d’égalité sous la guise des enjeux de la transmission dessinent des horizons politiques distincts, et dénotent des compréhensions antithétiques – mais indécidables dans la théorie – de ce que peut être la démocratie. [less ▲]

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See detailLa citation dans les des carnets de recherche en sciences humaines et sociales : approche formelle et fonctionnelle
Mayeur, Ingrid ULiege

in Le discours et la langue. Revue de linguistique française et d’analyse du discours (in press)

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See detailL’œil du cycle. Réseaux textuels et stemmata codicum dans la tradition des textes arthuriens
Morato, Nicola ULiege

in Encomia : Bulletin Bibliographique de la Société Internationale de Littérature Courtoise (in press)

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See detailThe influence of interorganizational collaboration on logic conciliation and tensions within hybrid organizations: insights from social enterprise-corporate collaborations
Savarese, Claudia ULiege; Huybrechts, Benjamin ULiege; Hudon, Marek

in Journal of Business Ethics (in press)

An increasing amount of research has examined the management of competing logics, and possible tensions arising between them, within “hybrid organizations”. However, the ways in which the relationships of ... [more ▼]

An increasing amount of research has examined the management of competing logics, and possible tensions arising between them, within “hybrid organizations”. However, the ways in which the relationships of hybrids with other organizations shape the conciliation of these logics and tensions has received limited attention so far. In this theoretical paper, we examine how hybrid organizations deal with interorganizational collaboration, in particular whether and how their hybridity can be maintained when they partner with “dominant-logic organizations”. Drawing on empirical literature on social enterprise-corporate collaborations, we develop a framework and several propositions on how competing logics and their balancing within hybrid organizations may be affected by interactions with organizations underpinned by one dominant logic. We suggest that influences will mostly depend on the type of collaboration pursued. A collaboration based on a lower level of engagement and interaction between the two partners is likely to give precedence to one logic over the other, reducing inter-logic tensions but possibly compromising organizational hybridity. By contrast, a collaboration featuring numerous interactions and mission compatibility may facilitate sustained hybridity if tensions are acknowledged and managed. Our propositions contribute to the literatures on hybrid organizations, interorganizational collaboration, and social enterprise. [less ▲]

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See detailFictions de l’œuvre. Projets et textes possibles dans les romans de la vie littéraire
Saint-Amand, Denis ULiege

in Cahiers ReMIX (in press)

Le monde des études littéraires a vu se développer, au cours de ces dernières années, une théorie des textes possibles qui confronte la réception traditionnelle des œuvres (c’est-à-dire la façon dont leur ... [more ▼]

Le monde des études littéraires a vu se développer, au cours de ces dernières années, une théorie des textes possibles qui confronte la réception traditionnelle des œuvres (c’est-à-dire la façon dont leur lecture se concrétise la plupart du temps et le commentaire qu’on en livre habituellement) à une réinvention de leur signification, tirant parti des impensés de la fiction, des non-dits, des interactions interrompues, des blancs, des inférences labiles et autres zones creuses du récit qui offrent des prises pour une renégociation herméneutique. À côté des réinventions herméneutiques des œuvres classiques, de l’approche génétique et du fantasme programmatique autour des productions perdues, la critique des textes possibles aurait tout à gagner à explorer un continent fictionnel, fructueux en termes d’œuvres en puissance et qui recèle d’indications sur l’évaluation des modes et tendances d’une époque émanant des représentations des écrivains eux-mêmes : les œuvres imaginaires qui n’existent qu’en tant qu’elles sont inscrites dans d’autres œuvres, qui en esquissent les contours, les présentent voire les citent. Celles-là sont au cœur de la présente enquête, menée à partir du corpus rassemblé dans la base de données du GREMLIN ; on interroge dans cette contribution la façon dont, par métonymie, elles contribuent à une représentation fictionnelle de la vie littéraire. [less ▲]

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See detailActivation comportementale: un traitement des ruminations
Blairy, Sylvie ULiege

in santé mentale (in press)

L’activation comportementale fait partie des traitements de la rumination mentale. Le comportement de rumination mentale peut être un évitement expérientiel dont le thérapeute et le patient devront en ... [more ▼]

L’activation comportementale fait partie des traitements de la rumination mentale. Le comportement de rumination mentale peut être un évitement expérientiel dont le thérapeute et le patient devront en faire l’analyse fonctionnelle. Au cours de l’analyse, le patient identifiera l’expérience émotionnelle aversive qu’il tente d’éviter et des comportements alternatifs à la rumination seront envisagés et planifiés. L’activation comportementale est un traitement bien accepté par les patients. [less ▲]

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See detailLa faillite des liquidations déficitaires : The Usual Suspects
Aydogdu, Roman ULiege

in Revue de Droit Commercial Belge (in press)

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See detailPratiques éducatives parentales et premières compétences en numératie des enfants d’âge préscolaire selon le niveau socio-économique et culturel des familles
Poncelet, Débora; de Chambrier, Anne-Françoise; Tinnes-Vigne, Mélanie et al

in Revue Internationale de l'Education Familiale (in press)

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See detailOccurrence of ‘gang of five’ Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli serogroups on Belgian dairy cattle farms by overshoe sampling
Engelen, Frederik; Thiry, Damien ULiege; Devleesschauwer, Brecht et al

in Letters in Applied Microbiology (in press), (702), 415-419

Significance and Impact of the Study: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are important foodborne pathogens responsible for haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic-uremic syndrome. Cattle are the ... [more ▼]

Significance and Impact of the Study: Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are important foodborne pathogens responsible for haemorrhagic colitis and haemolytic-uremic syndrome. Cattle are the major natural reservoir and excrete these bacteria in their faeces. This study investigated the occurrence and pathogenic potential of ‘gang of five’ STEC (O26, O103, O111, O145, O157) on Belgian dairy cattle farms and implemented a practical and animal-friendly sampling method aimed at promoting more widespread STEC surveillance in the bovine reservoir. Since these serogroups are most frequently implicated in human illness, more information on their presence in the bovine reservoir is required to develop efficient strategies aimed at reducing bovine carriage and the risk of human transmission. [less ▲]

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See detailL’expertise médico-légale dans l’Antiquité : le témoignage des papyrus grecs d’Égypte
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULiege

in Histoire, Médecine et Santé (in press)

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See detailPrognostic value of a new clinically-based classification system in patients with CMML undergoing allogeneic HCT: a retrospective analysis of the EBMT-CMWP
Onida, Francesco; Sbianchi, Giulia; Radujkovic, Aleksandar et al

in Bone Marrow Transplantation (in press)

Recently a new 3-group clinical classification was reported by an International Consortium to stratify CMML patients with regard to prognosis. The groups were defined as follows: 1. Myelodysplastic (MD ... [more ▼]

Recently a new 3-group clinical classification was reported by an International Consortium to stratify CMML patients with regard to prognosis. The groups were defined as follows: 1. Myelodysplastic (MD)-CMML: WBC ≤10 x 109/L, circulating immature myeloid cells (IMC) = 0, no splenomegaly; 2. MD/MP (overlap) –CMML: WBC 10-20 x 109/L or WBC ≤10 x 109/L but IMC >0 and/or splenomegaly; 3. Myeloproliferative (MP)-CMML: WBC >20 x 109/L. By analysing EBMT Registry patients who underwent allo-HCT for CMML between 1997 and 2016, we aimed to determine the impact of this classification on transplantation outcome and to make a comparison with the conventional WHO classification (CMML-0/CMML-1/CMML-2). Patient grouping was based on the data registered at time of transplantation, with IMC replaced by peripheral blasts. Among 151 patients included in the analysis, 38% were classified as MD-CMML, 42% as MD/MP-CMML and 20% as MP-CMML. With a median survival of 17 months in the whole series, MD-CMML patients were distinguished as a low-risk group with higher CR rate at transplant and a longer post-transplant 2-year progression-free survival in comparison to others (44.5% vs 33.5%, respectively), whereas the WHO classification was superior in identifying high-risk patients (CMML-2) with inferior survival outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailComprehensive analysis of the immunomodulatory effects of rapamycin on human T cells in graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis
Ehx, Grégory ULiege; Ritacco, Caroline ULiege; HANNON, Muriel ULiege et al

in American Journal of Transplantation (in press)

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of toxicity after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). While rapamycin (RAPA) is commonly used in GVHD prophylaxis in combination ... [more ▼]

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major cause of toxicity after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). While rapamycin (RAPA) is commonly used in GVHD prophylaxis in combination with a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI), the understanding of its mechanism of action on human T cells is still incomplete. Here, we performed an extensive analysis of RAPA effects on human T cells in a humanized mouse model of GVHD, in ex-vivo T-cell cultures and in patients given RAPA plus tacrolimus as GVHD prophylaxis after non-myeloablative allo-HCT. We demonstrate that RAPA mitigates GVHD by decreasing T-cell engraftment and differentiation, inhibiting CD8+ T-cell activation and increasing the long-term IL-2 secretion, thereby supporting regulatory T-cell (Treg) proliferation. In contrast, graft-versus-leukemia effects were not abrogated, as RAPA-treated T cells had increased resistance to apoptosis and retained their effector function and proliferative capacity upon re-stimulation. Importantly, we found that RAPA impact on Treg and CD8+ T cells was closely dependent upon IL-2 signaling and that therapeutic options interfering with IL-2, such as calcineurin inhibitors, antagonize the IL-2-dependent promotion of Treg mediated by RAPA. Our results suggest that RAPA immunological efficacy could be improved in combination with drugs having possible synergistic effects such as the hypomethylating agent 5-azacytidine. [less ▲]

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See detailRewording the World or Reworlding the Word? Some Postcolonial Perspectives on the "World" of World Literature
Gerday, Laura ULiege

in Interventions: the International Journal of Postcolonial Studies (in press)

There appears to be no consensus as yet on the meaning of the term "world" in "world literature". Over the last few years, "world" has indeed been the object of a multitude of responses and readings ... [more ▼]

There appears to be no consensus as yet on the meaning of the term "world" in "world literature". Over the last few years, "world" has indeed been the object of a multitude of responses and readings, which markedly vary according to researchers’ academic backgrounds and theoretical vantage points. How then is the "world" of "world literature" to be apprehended? Combining linguistics-informed and close-reading methods, the present essay seeks to shed light on a notional issue that has especially divided world and postcolonial literary scholars in recent times. More precisely, it will be argued that "world" in the phrase "world literature" has begun to undergo a linguistic process of re-semanticization, whereby this lexical item has come to encode, and be imbued with, values central to the postcolonial agenda – thus providing the postcolonial cause with fresh impetus in the twenty-first century. [less ▲]

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See detailLes références à la couleur dans les textes hippiatriques grecs
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULiege

in Pallas: Revue d'Études Antiques (in press)

Based on a survey references to colours in Greek hippiatrics text—especially in the Hippiatrica and in book 16 of the Geoponica—this paper examines the lexicon used by horsedoctors to designate colour and ... [more ▼]

Based on a survey references to colours in Greek hippiatrics text—especially in the Hippiatrica and in book 16 of the Geoponica—this paper examines the lexicon used by horsedoctors to designate colour and the contexts in which it appears, in order to better understand the importance given to colour terms. Colour adjectives are used in three sections of the texts: the external description of the animal (especially the coat and eyes), body fluids and pharmacology (simple and compound drugs). [less ▲]

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See detailFair Long-Term Care Insurance
Pestieau, Pierre ULiege; Leroux, Marie-Louise; Ponthiere, Grégory

in Social Choice and Welfare (in press)

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See detailInundation, hydrodynamics, and vegetation influences carbon dioxide concentrations in Amazon floodplain lakes
Amaral, João Henrique Fernandes; Melack, John Michael; Barbosa, Pedro Maia et al

in Ecosystems (in press)

Extensive floodplains and numerous lakes in the Amazon basin are well suited to examine the role of floodable lands within the context of the sources and processing of carbon within inland waters. We ... [more ▼]

Extensive floodplains and numerous lakes in the Amazon basin are well suited to examine the role of floodable lands within the context of the sources and processing of carbon within inland waters. We measured diel, seasonal and inter-annual variations of carbon dioxide concentrations and related environmental variables in open water and flooded vegetation and estimated the area of these habitats using remote sensing in a representative central Amazon floodplain lake, Lake Janauacá. Depth-averaged values of CO2 in the open water of the lake, 157 ± 91 µM (mean ± SD), were less than those in an embayment near aquatic vegetation, 285 ± 116 µM, and were variable over 24-h periods at both sites. Within floating herbaceous plant mats, the mean concentration was 275 ± 77 µM and in flooded forests the mean concentration was 217 ± 78 µM. Variability in CO2 concentrations in open water resulted from changes in the extent of inundation and exchange with vegetated habitats. The best statistical model, that included CO2 in aquatic plant mats, Secchi depth, rate of change in water level and chlorophyll concentrations, explained around 90% of the variability in CO2 concentration. Three-dimensional hydrodynamic modeling demonstrated that diel differences in water temperature between plant mats and open water as well as basin-scale motions caused lateral exchanges of CO2 linking vegetated habitats to open water. Our findings extend understanding of CO2 in tropical lakes and floodplains with measurements and models that emphasize the importance of flooded forests and aquatic herbaceous plants fringing floodplain lakes as sources of carbon dioxide to the open waters. [less ▲]

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See detailQUAND JE S’APPELLE OUBLI : DU SILENCE A L’ADRESSE, UNE POETIQUE DU CHAOS CHEZ LAURENT MAUVIGNIER
Vandormael, Thomas ULiege

in Kwartlanik neofilologiczny (in press)

This study aims to report on how the use of the allocutive person suggested by “Ce que j’appelle oubli”, eighth novel by Laurent Mauvignier, subsume many problematics that preside over the renewal of ... [more ▼]

This study aims to report on how the use of the allocutive person suggested by “Ce que j’appelle oubli”, eighth novel by Laurent Mauvignier, subsume many problematics that preside over the renewal of contemporary fictional forms such as the polyphony of narrative voices, the difficulty of placing an ‘I’ narrator confronted with the writing of society and particularly its minorities, as well as the place of silence within/in the literary text. [less ▲]

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See detailHigh contrast imaging at 10 microns, a search for exoplanets around: Eps Indi A, Eps Eri, Tau Ceti, Sirius A and Sirius B
Pathak, P.; Petit dit de la Roche, D. J. M.; Kasper, M. et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (in press)

The direct imaging of rocky exoplanets is one of the major science goals for upcoming large telescopes. The contrast requirement for imaging such planets is challenging. However, the mid-IR (InfraRed ... [more ▼]

The direct imaging of rocky exoplanets is one of the major science goals for upcoming large telescopes. The contrast requirement for imaging such planets is challenging. However, the mid-IR (InfraRed) regime provides the optimum contrast to directly detect the thermal signatures of exoplanets in our solar neighbourhood. We aim to exploit novel fast chopping techniques newly developed for astronomy with the aid of adaptive optics to look for thermal signatures of exoplanets around bright stars in the solar neighbourhood. We use the upgraded VISIR (Very Large Telescope Imager and Spectrometer for the mid-InfraRed) instrument with high contrast imaging (HCI) capability optimized for observations at 10~$\mu$m to look for exoplanets around five nearby ($d$ < 4 pc) stars. The instrument provides an improved signal-to-noise (S/N) by a factor of $\sim$4 in the N-band compared to standard VISIR for a given S/N and time. In this work we achieve a detection sensitivity of sub-mJy, which is sufficient to detect few Jupiter mass planets in nearby systems. Although no detections are made we achieve most sensitive limits within $<2''$ for all the observed targets compared to previous campaigns. For $\epsilon$ Indi A and $\epsilon$ Eri we achieve detection limits very close to the giant planets discovered by RV, with the limits on $\epsilon$ Indi A being the most sensitive to date. Our non-detection therefore supports an older age for $\epsilon$ Indi A. The results presented here show the promise for high contrast imaging and exoplanet detections in the mid-IR regime. [less ▲]

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See detailMinimal requirements for the vibration-based identification of the axial force, the bending stiffness and the flexural boundary conditions in cables
Geuzaine, Margaux ULiege; Foti, Francesco; Denoël, Vincent ULiege

in Journal of Sound and Vibration (in press)

This paper aims at presenting the guidelines to follow in order to set up an identification procedure which is able to determine the axial force, the flexural rigidity and the rotational end stiffnesses ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at presenting the guidelines to follow in order to set up an identification procedure which is able to determine the axial force, the flexural rigidity and the rotational end stiffnesses of slender and tensioned structural elements, based on measurements of their natural frequencies and mode shapes. First of all, when such an element is slightly affected by bending stiffness effects, perturbation methods can be applied to get a composite approximation for its natural frequencies and an asymptotic expression for its mode shapes. These simple analytical formulas allow to understand the role played by each model parameter in the modal response and show that the axial force, the flexural rigidity and the rotational end stiffnesses can be correctly identified under some conditions, which are established and provided in this document. Among others, it is necessary that the identification procedure relies on the first few natural frequencies and mode shapes, which are measured near each extremity of the element, as well as some natural frequencies associated with higher modes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Peopled Scroll of the Great Palace Mosaic in Constantinople. New Perspectives
Derwael, Stéphanie ULiege

in JMR : Uludag University Journal of Mosaic Research (in press), 14

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See detailDevelopment of a new fatigability jumping protocol : Effect of the test duration on reproducibility and performance
Paulus, Julien ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege; Kaux, Jean-François ULiege et al

in Science et Sports (in press)

The Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) and isokinetic fatigability protocols are mainly used to evaluate the anaerobic power of athletes for whom jumping is a predominant action in their sport. Nevertheless ... [more ▼]

The Wingate Anaerobic Test (WAnT) and isokinetic fatigability protocols are mainly used to evaluate the anaerobic power of athletes for whom jumping is a predominant action in their sport. Nevertheless, the testing protocol must be as close as possible to the activity pattern of the sport to be valid. Therefore, for these athletes, the test should consist of repetitions of jumps that are task-specific. Our aim was to propose a new jumping protocol allowing for specific assessment of fatigue, to examine its absolute and relative reliability and to determine its ideal duration. Twenty male volleyball performed fifty countermovement jumps (CMJ) at a rate of 33 jumps per minute on two occasions, with seven days recovery between each session. Jump height was computed for each CMJ using a 3D optoelectronic system, which was subsequently added to determine cumulative performance after 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50 repetitions. Reliability of the average jump height was not affected by the lengthening of the protocol and was high for all considered durations (ICC > 0.94; SEM < 5%). A decrease in performance was directly and proportionally related to the duration of the fatigability protocol. Measuring average jump height during a protocol involving 25 CMJ at the rate of 33 jumps per minute appears to represent the best compromise between reliability, induced fatigue and physiological considerations. Moreover, until 25 repetitions, the partial sums by five repetitions can and should be used to further explore the subject's performance during the test. [less ▲]

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See detailPsychopathologie et monde social : les limites de l'empathie et de la sympathie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

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See detailInvestigating densities of Symbiodiniaceae in two species of Antipatharians (black corals) from Madagascar
Gress, Erika; Eeckhaut, Igor; Godefroid, Mathilde et al

in Oceans (in press)

Here, we report the first methodological approach to investigate the presence and estimate density of Symbiodiniaceae cells in corals of the order Antipatharia subclass Hexacorallia, known as black corals ... [more ▼]

Here, we report the first methodological approach to investigate the presence and estimate density of Symbiodiniaceae cells in corals of the order Antipatharia subclass Hexacorallia, known as black corals. Antipatharians are understudied ecosystem engineers of shallow (<30 m depth), mesophotic (30-150 m) and deep-sea (>200 m) reefs. They provide habitat to a vast number of marine fauna, enhancing and supporting coral reefs biodiversity globally. Nonetheless, little biological and ecological information exists on antipatharians, including the extent at which global change disturbances are threatening these corals. The assumption that they were exempted from threats related to climate change was challenged by findings of high density of dinoflagellates within three antipatharian colonies. Further methodical studies were necessary to investigate the regularity of these findings. An integrated design combining microscopy and molecular techniques was used to investigate the presence and estimate density of Symbiodiniaceae cells within two antipatharians species - Cupressopathes abies and Stichopathes maldivensis - from shallow and mesophotic reefs of SW Madagascar. Symbiodiniaceae-like cells were found within the two species from both shallow and mesophotic reefs, although the overall cell density was very low (0-4 cell mm-3). These findings suggest that high abundance of Symbiodiniaceae is not characteristic of antipatharians, which has relevant implications considering climate change associated disruptions in other corals. However, the high densities of dinoflagellates found in antipatharian colonies exposed to higher light irradiance in other studies should be further examined. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards stochastic multi-scale methods in continuum solid mechanics
Noels, Ludovic ULiege

in Advances in Applied Mechanics (in press), 55

The scientific community has realised that non-determinism is a major issue that affects structural and material performance and reliability. Because experimental characterisation alone cannot reliably ... [more ▼]

The scientific community has realised that non-determinism is a major issue that affects structural and material performance and reliability. Because experimental characterisation alone cannot reliably sample the tails of distributions, virtual stochastic testing has thus become a research field of growing interest. Since the uncertainties at the structural level also result from the variability of the micro-structure, there is a need to develop computationally efficient stochastic multi-scale methods. The purpose of this work is to provide a summary of the different methods that have been developed in the context of micro-structure characterisation and reconstruction, of stochastic homogenisation and of uncertainties up-scaling. [less ▲]

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See detailCompte-rendu de J. Gayon, L’Identité. Dictionnaire encyclopédique
Recchia, Fabio ULiege

in Revue Philosophique de Louvain (in press), 4/2020-2021

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See detailPRISE EN CHARGE CHIRURGICALE DE LA MALADIE D’OTTO CHEZ L’ENFANT
Kabore, Christophe ULiege; Allington, Nanni ULiege

in Ortho-Rhumato (in press)

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See detailCompte rendu de l'ouvrage de Ch. Veyrard-Cosme : Alcuin, Lettres. Tome 1
Close, Florence ULiege

in Revue d'Histoire Ecclésiastique (in press)

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See detailOral hygiene instructions and methods: a European survey among dental professionals – the eSIP study
Garyga, Valentin; SEIDEL, Laurence ULiege; Gagnot, Gilles et al

in Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry (in press)

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See detailNeural bases of inhibitory control: Combining transcranial magnetic stimulation and magnetic resonance imaging in alcohol-use disorder patients.
Quoilin, Caroline; Dricot, Laurence; Genon, Sarah ULiege et al

in NeuroImage (in press)

Inhibitory control underlies the ability to inhibit inappropriate responses and involves processes that suppress motor excitability. Such motor modulatory effect has been largely described during action ... [more ▼]

Inhibitory control underlies the ability to inhibit inappropriate responses and involves processes that suppress motor excitability. Such motor modulatory effect has been largely described during action preparation but very little is known about the neural circuit responsible for its implementation. Here, we addressed this point by studying the degree to which the extent of preparatory suppression relates to brain morphometry. We investigated this relationship in patients suffering from severe alcohol use disorder (AUD) because this population displays an inconsistent level of preparatory suppression and major structural brain damage, making it a suitable sample to measure such link. To do so, 45 detoxified patients underwent a structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and performed a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) experiment, in which the degree of preparatory suppression was quantified. Besides, behavioral inhibition and trait impulsivity were evaluated in all participants. Overall, whole-brain analyses revealed that a weaker preparatory suppression was associated with a decrease in cortical thickness of a medial prefrontal cluster, encompassing parts of the anterior cingulate cortex and superior-frontal gyrus. In addition, a negative association was observed between the thickness of the supplementary area (SMA)/pre-SMA and behavioral inhibition abilities. Finally, we did not find any significant correlation between preparatory suppression, behavioral inhibition and trait impulsivity, indicating that they represent different facets of inhibitory control. Altogether, the current study provides important insight on the neural regions underlying preparatory suppression and allows highlighting that the excitability of the motor system represents a valuable read-out of upstream cognitive processes. [less ▲]

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See detailResponsabilité pénale des personnes morales
Jacobs, Ann ULiege; Dister, Jean-François; Thevissen, Patrick ULiege et al

in Postal Memorialis (in press)

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See detailAntimicrobial resistance and virulence characteristics in 3 collections of staphylococci from bovine milk samples
Fergestad, M. E.; De Visscher, S.; L’Abee-Lund, T. et al

in International Journal of Dairy Science (in press), 104(8),

Mastitis is a prevalent disease in dairy cattle, and staphylococci are among the most common causative pathogens. Staphylococci can express resistance to a range of antimicrobials, of which methicillin ... [more ▼]

Mastitis is a prevalent disease in dairy cattle, and staphylococci are among the most common causative pathogens. Staphylococci can express resistance to a range of antimicrobials, of which methicillin resistance is of particular public health concern. Additionally, Staphylococcus aureus carries a variety of virulence factors, although less is understood about the virulence of non-aureus staphylococci (NAS). The aim of our study was to identify and characterize 3 collections of staphylococcal isolates from bovine milk samples regarding antimicrobial resistance, with emphasis on methicillin resistance, and their carriage of virulence genes typically displayed by Staph. aureus. A total of 272 staphylococcal isolates collected in Norway and Belgium in 2016 were included, distributed as follows: group 1, Norway, 100 isolates; group 2, Flanders, Belgium, 64 isolates; group 3, Wallonia, Belgium, 108 isolates. Species identification was performed by use of MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Phenotypic resistance was determined via disk diffusion, and PCR was used for detection of methicillin resistance genes, mecA and mecC, and virulence genes. Antimicrobial resistance was common in Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus haemolyticus from all different groups, with resistance to trimethoprim-sulfonamide frequently occurring in Staph. epidermidis and Staph. haemolyticus as well as in Staph. aureus. Resistance to penicillin was most frequently observed in group 1. Ten Belgian isolates (1 from group 2, 9 from group 3) carried the methicillin resistance determinant mecA: 5 Staph. aureus from 2 different farms and 5 NAS from 3 different farms. Almost all Staph. aureus isolates were positive for at least 3 of the screened virulence genes, whereas, in total, only 8 NAS isolates harbored any of the same genes. Our study contributes to the continuous need for knowledge regarding staphylococci from food-producing animals as a basis for better understanding of occurrence of resistance and virulence traits in these bacteria. Key words: Staphylococcus aureus, non-aureus staphylococci, antimicrobial resistance, virulence genes, bovine mastitis [less ▲]

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See detailDécrire n’est pas tout: Kurt Lewin sur l’émotion
Seron, Denis ULiege

in Philosophie (in press)

La présente contribution discute quelques aspects de la psychologie affective de Lewin et de ses continuateurs. La thèse centrale sous-jacente à celle-ci se ramène à la formule suivante, due à Koffka : « ... [more ▼]

La présente contribution discute quelques aspects de la psychologie affective de Lewin et de ses continuateurs. La thèse centrale sous-jacente à celle-ci se ramène à la formule suivante, due à Koffka : « Le problème de l’émotion n’est pas un problème de classification et d’analyse introspective, mais un problème de dynamique et d’analyse fonctionnelle . » Le but de cet article est de clarifier et de discuter le sens de cette thèse. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of prior JAK-inhibitor therapy with ruxolitinib on outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for myelofibrosis: a study of the CMWP of EBMT.
Kröger, Nicolaus; Sbianchi, Giulia; Sirait, Tiarlan et al

in Leukemia (in press)

JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib (RUX) is approved in patients with myelofibrosis but the impact of pretreatment with RUX on outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains to ... [more ▼]

JAK1/2 inhibitor ruxolitinib (RUX) is approved in patients with myelofibrosis but the impact of pretreatment with RUX on outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains to be determined. We evaluated the impact of RUX on outcome in 551 myelofibrosis patients who received HSCT without (n = 274) or with (n = 277) RUX pretreatment. The overall leukocyte engraftment on day 45 was 92% and significantly higher in RUX responsive patients than those who had no or lost response to RUX (94% vs. 85%, p = 0.05). The 1-year non-relapse mortality was 22% without significant difference between the arms. In a multivariate analysis (MVA) RUX pretreated patients with ongoing spleen response at transplant had a significantly lower risk of relapse (8.1% vs. 19.1%; p = 0.04)] and better 2-year event-free survival (68.9% vs. 53.7%; p = 0.02) in comparison to patients without RUX pretreatment. For overall survival the only significant factors were age > 58 years (p = 0.03) and HLA mismatch donor (p = 0.001). RUX prior to HSCT did not negatively impact outcome after transplantation and patients with ongoing spleen response at time of transplantation had best outcome. [less ▲]

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See detailSwallowing in individuals with disorders of consciousness: A cohort study
MELOTTE, Evelyne ULiege; MAUDOUX, Audrey ULiege; DELHALLE, Sabrina ULiege et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (in press)

Background. After a period of coma, a proportion of individuals with severe brain injury remain in an altered state of consciousness before regaining partial or complete recovery. Individuals with ... [more ▼]

Background. After a period of coma, a proportion of individuals with severe brain injury remain in an altered state of consciousness before regaining partial or complete recovery. Individuals with disorders of consciousness (DOC) classically receive hydration and nutrition through an enteral feeding tube. However, the real impact of the level of consciousness on an individual’s swallowing ability remains poorly investigated. Objective. We aimed to document the incidence and characteristics of dysphagia in DOC individuals and to evaluate the link between different components of swallowing and the level of consciousness. Methods. We analyzed clinical data on the respiratory status, oral feeding and otolaryngologic examination of swallowing in DOC individuals. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to analyse the association of components of swallowing and participant groups (i.e., unresponsive wakefulness syndrome [UWS] and minimally conscious state [MCS]). Results. We included 92 individuals with DOC (26 UWS and 66 MCS). Overall, 99% of the participants showed deficits in the oral and/or pharyngeal phase of swallowing. As compared with the MCS group, the UWS group more frequently had a tracheostomy (69% vs 24%), with diminished cough reflex (27% vs 54%) and no effective oral phase (0% vs 21%). Conclusion. Almost all DOC participants had severe dysphagia. Some components of swallowing (i.e., tracheostomy, cough reflex and efficacy of the oral phase of swallowing) were related to consciousness. In particular, no UWS participant had an efficient oral phase, which suggests that its presence may be a sign of consciousness. In addition, no UWS participant could be fed entirely orally, whereas no MCS participant orally received ordinary food. Our study also confirms that objective swallowing assessment can be successfully completed in DOC individuals and that specific care is needed to treat severe dysphagia in DOC. [less ▲]

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See detailNewborn screening programs for spinal muscular atrophy worldwide: where we stand and where to go
Dangouloff, Tamara ULiege; Vrščaj, Eva; Servais, Laurent ULiege et al

in Neuromuscular Disorders (in press)

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare and devastating disease. New disease- modifying treatments have recently been approved and early treatment has been related to a better outcome. In this context ... [more ▼]

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a rare and devastating disease. New disease- modifying treatments have recently been approved and early treatment has been related to a better outcome. In this context, several newborn screening (NBS) programs have been implemented. The aim of the study was to obtain a global overview on the current situation and perspectives on SMA NBS. We conducted a survey and contacted experts from 152 countries, from which we gathered 87 responses. We identified 9 SMA NBS programs that have so far detected 288 newborns with SMA out of 3,674,277 newborns screened. Funding, screening methods, organisation, and consent process were variable between SMA NBS programs. Many respondents pointed the lack of cost/benefit data as a major obstacle to SMA NBS implementation. In the next four years, our data suggest a 24 % coverage of newborns from countries where a disease-modifying drug is available and 8,5 % coverage in countries with no diseases-modifying drugs. The annual proportion of newborns to be screened in the coming years is expected to increase steadily. The experts expressed a strong need for the implementation of SMA NBS as means to improve care for patients with SMA. [less ▲]

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See detailA Connectivity-Based Psychometric Prediction Framework for Brain-Behavior Relationship Studies.
Wu, Jianxiao; Eickhoff, Simon B.; Hoffstaedter, Felix et al

in Cerebral cortex (New York, N.Y. : 1991) (in press)

The recent availability of population-based studies with neuroimaging and behavioral measurements opens promising perspectives to investigate the relationships between interindividual variability in brain ... [more ▼]

The recent availability of population-based studies with neuroimaging and behavioral measurements opens promising perspectives to investigate the relationships between interindividual variability in brain regions' connectivity and behavioral phenotypes. However, the multivariate nature of connectivity-based prediction model severely limits the insight into brain-behavior patterns for neuroscience. To address this issue, we propose a connectivity-based psychometric prediction framework based on individual regions' connectivity profiles. We first illustrate two main applications: 1) single brain region's predictive power for a range of psychometric variables and 2) single psychometric variable's predictive power variation across brain region. We compare the patterns of brain-behavior provided by these approaches to the brain-behavior relationships from activation approaches. Then, capitalizing on the increased transparency of our approach, we demonstrate how the influence of various data processing and analyses can directly influence the patterns of brain-behavior relationships, as well as the unique insight into brain-behavior relationships offered by this approach. [less ▲]

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See detailVous avez dit..."Réforme de la formation initiale des enseignants"?
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULiege; Sottiaux, Etienne

in Didactiques en Pratique (in press), 6

Le dossier RFIE est un dossier à rebondissements. Néanmoins, le dialogue au sein du Pole Académique Liège Luxembourg est effectif et permet d'envisager une réelle collaboration entre ces institutions de ... [more ▼]

Le dossier RFIE est un dossier à rebondissements. Néanmoins, le dialogue au sein du Pole Académique Liège Luxembourg est effectif et permet d'envisager une réelle collaboration entre ces institutions de formation des enseignants. Cet article se veut une photographie à l'instant "t" de cette réforme et des décrets y attenant. [less ▲]

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See detailProspective association between diabetes diagnosis, HbA1c, glycaemia and frailty trajectories in an elderly population
Aguayo Diaz, Gloria ULiege; Hulman, Adam; Vaillant, Michel et al

in Diabetes Care (in press)

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See detailLes critiques chrétiennes des lectisternes et sellisternes romains : un banquet trop anthropomorphe ?
Berthelet, Yann ULiege

in Les Cahiers du CEDOPAL (in press)

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See detailA model of the optimal allocation of government expenditures
Pestieau, Pierre ULiege; Fan, Simon; Pang, Yu

in Journal of Public Economic Theory (in press)

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See detailRecherches sur le Site de Germigny-des-Prés en 2019
Van Wersch, Line ULiege; Henrion, Fabrice

in Bilan scientifique de la région Centre-Val de Loire (in press), 2019

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See detailProf en République Démocratique du Congo : un métier de femmes ?
Kitenge Maningo, Sara ULiege

in Le (in press)

L’égalité des sexes est un droit pour tous, et sa réalisation n’est pas uniquement bénéfique aux femmes, mais pour tous. Particulièrement au niveau de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur, on a ... [more ▼]

L’égalité des sexes est un droit pour tous, et sa réalisation n’est pas uniquement bénéfique aux femmes, mais pour tous. Particulièrement au niveau de la recherche et de l’enseignement supérieur, on a tout intérêt à exploiter l’ensemble du potentiel humain, à mobiliser tous les talents. Exclure les femmes, c’est en effet gaspiller des compétences ! Petit tour d’horizon de la situation académique en RDC, et piste de solutions. [less ▲]

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See detailExplications situationnelles et sociales du comportement délinquant: Test des hypothèses centrales de la théorie de l’action situationnelle auprès d’un échantillon d’adolescents belges
Mathys, Cécile ULiege; Grégoire, Julie; Gavray, Claire ULiege et al

in Criminologie (in press)

The Situational Action Theory (SAT) is a general action theory of crime which explains acts of offending as the result of interaction between crime propensity and specific criminogenic exposure. Multiple ... [more ▼]

The Situational Action Theory (SAT) is a general action theory of crime which explains acts of offending as the result of interaction between crime propensity and specific criminogenic exposure. Multiple regressions (OLS) have been performed on the Belgian sample from the International Study of research on Delinquency (ISRD-3), composed of 4758 adolescents. The goal aims to test several key propositions of the SAT (situational and socio-developmental parts). The results show that crime propensity and specific criminogenic exposure contribute individually and in an interactive way to offending; that morality has a stronger effect on self-reported offending and last, that individual differences in crime propensity are well explained by the cumulative effect of weak parental relationships, weak teacher-pupil bonds and perceived crime in schools and neighborhood (cumulative criminogenic ecological exposure). This study confirms the major hypotheses of the SAT on a partly French speaking European sample and discusses some prevention actions and methodological issues for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of back-mixing on the convective drying of sewage sludge: The structural characteristics
Li, Jie; Fraikin, Laurent ULiege; Salmon, Thierry ULiege et al

in Drying Technology (in press)

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See detailThe impact of an ultra-trail on the dynamic of cardiac, inflammatory, renal and oxidative stress biological markers correlated with electrocardiogram and echocardiogram
LE GOFF, Caroline ULiege; Kaux, Jean-François ULiege; DULGHERU, Raluca Elena ULiege et al

in Acta Cardiologica (in press)

The aim of this study was to describe the effects of a 64.2 km ultra-trail on the biomarkers of muscle damage, inflammation and oxidative stress, and compare the results observed with an ECG and an ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to describe the effects of a 64.2 km ultra-trail on the biomarkers of muscle damage, inflammation and oxidative stress, and compare the results observed with an ECG and an echocardiogram, both performed before and after the race. Thirty-three ultra-trail volunteers (45.8 ± 8.7 years old) were enrolled in our study. Three blood tests were drawn from each runner, one just before (TPRE), one just after (TPOST) and the last 3 h after the end of the race (TPOST3h). All the markers increased. The maximum concentrations observed were at TPOST3h and were significant (p<0.001) for creatine kinase, creatine kinase isoform MB, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, uric acid and for the ratio of reduced glutathione to oxidised glutathione. However, in the case of myoglobin, high-sensitive troponin T, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, oxidised glutathione, myeloperoxidase, cystatin C and creatinine, the most significant increases were at TPOST (p<0.001). Modifications were observed in the medical imaging using echocardiography such as reduction of left ventricule end-sytolic and diastolic volumes and left ventricular global longitudinal strain. ECG showed electrical criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy and incomplete right bundle branch block after the race. Endurance races cause significant physiological stress to the body that can be measured by the increase of different biomarkers. From a laboratory perspective, it is important to take into account the possible exercise performed previous to the testing to avoid a misinterpretation of the results. From a training perspective, due to these increases in biomarkers, it is recommended that runners wait at least 72 h after an ultra-trail before subsequent training. In addition a transient impairment of ventricular function due to dehydration were observed. [less ▲]

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See detailStratigrapheR: Concepts for Litholog Generation in R
Wouters, Sébastien ULiege; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULiege; Boulvain, Frédéric ULiege et al

in The R Journal (in press)

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See detailL'efficacité de la thérapie est-elle modulée par la relation thérapeutique en fonction du motif de consultation ?
Baiverlin, Audrey ULiege; Piquet, E.; Delhalle, Manon ULiege et al

in Evolution Psychiatrique (in press)

Ce travail de recherche a pour objectif principal d’évaluer l’efficacité de la thérapie brève en fonction du motif de consultation. L’originalité de cette étude est qu’elle met en lumière certains ... [more ▼]

Ce travail de recherche a pour objectif principal d’évaluer l’efficacité de la thérapie brève en fonction du motif de consultation. L’originalité de cette étude est qu’elle met en lumière certains processus qui rendent la thérapie brève efficace, en s’intéressant notamment aux aspects relationnels de la thérapie et ce, en questionnant les impressions des patients. En outre, cette étude évalue les effets à long moyen terme de la thérapie brève (3 mois après la thérapie), distingue les thérapies mises en place dans l’intérêt d’un adulte ou d’un enfant et tient compte du motif de consultation (souffrance relationnelle, liée à une pathologie ou encore liée au contexte professionnel ou scolaire). Nous avons récolté 110 protocoles complétés et nos résultats mettent en évidence que les patients se montrent en grande majorité satisfaits de la thérapie brève, quelle que soit leur motif de consultation (souffrance relationnelle, liée à une pathologie ou encore liée au contexte professionnel ou scolaire) et qu’elle soit mise en place dans l’intérêt d’un enfant ou d’un adulte. En outre, le changement positif engendré par la thérapie brève se maintient dans le temps (après 3 mois) et est même encore plus prononcé. Toutefois, la moitié des personnes interrogées rapportent rencontrer des « rechutes » du motif pour lequel elles sont venues consulter, mais ces rechutes sont moins fréquentes et moins intenses. Les patients rapportent en effet pouvoir réagir plus efficacement aux rechutes grâce au changement induit par la thérapie brève et stratégique. Enfin, les aspects relationnels de la thérapie que nous avons évalués jouent un rôle majeur dans le résultat de la thérapie et ce, pour tous les patients quelle que soit leur motif de consultation et qu’elle concerne un enfant ou un adulte. Nous avons ainsi pu mettre en évidence des aspects de la thérapie brève et stratégique jugés par les patients comme essentiels afin de garantir la satisfaction de la prise en charge et, par-là, l’efficacité. La mise en évidence de ces facteurs permet des ajustements cliniques intéressants pour les thérapeutes. [less ▲]

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See detailRisk factors for a severe form of COVID-19 after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation : a SFGM-TC multicentre cohort study
Xhaard, A.; Xhaard, C.; d'Aveni, M. et al

in British Journal of Haematology (in press)

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See detailConfort vibratoire des planchers : Etat de l'art
El Asri, Youssef ULiege; Denoël, Vincent ULiege; Lukić, Mladen et al

in Revue Construction Métallique (in press)

Le présent article constitue une synthèse de l’état de l’art des normes d’appréciation de confort humain face à des vibrations, classées comme des normes internationales telles que l’ISO 2631 et l’ISO ... [more ▼]

Le présent article constitue une synthèse de l’état de l’art des normes d’appréciation de confort humain face à des vibrations, classées comme des normes internationales telles que l’ISO 2631 et l’ISO 10137 ou nationales comme DIN 4150-2. De plus, des guides d’évaluation du confort vibratoire des planchers vis-à-vis des charges d’activités humaines, communément établis et utilisés de par le monde, seront présentés et détaillés. Ces guides ont pour objectif de juger l’acceptabilité des vibrations des planchers sous actions humaines en phase de dimensionnement, afin d’assurer un bon niveau de confort pour les occupants et d’éviter les lourdes mesures de limitation de vibrations après construction. Trois guides principaux seront étudiés à savoir : le guide HIVOSS, le guide SCI P354 et le guide AISC/CISC 11. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of the class II Carriere motion® appliance on children: A randomized controlled trial
Clermont, Anaïs; Albert, Adelin ULiege; BRUWIER, Annick ULiege

in Journal of Clinical Orthodontics (in press)

Objective: To assess the skeletal, dento-alveolar and dental effects of the class II Carriere motion® on young subjects. Materials and Methods: 32 class II subjects (mean age 9.4 ± 1.6 years) were ... [more ▼]

Objective: To assess the skeletal, dento-alveolar and dental effects of the class II Carriere motion® on young subjects. Materials and Methods: 32 class II subjects (mean age 9.4 ± 1.6 years) were randomly allocated to either the Carriere motion® appliance group (n=15), or to a control group (n=17). Digital dental cast measurements and cephalometric analysis were performed before treatment (T0), at removal of the device for the appliance group, and after a period of 9 months for the control group (T1). The duration of treatment was recorded and the patient’s satisfaction with the appliance was assessed through a questionnaire. Results: The effects of the Carriere Motion leading to Class I were essentially dento-alveolar. Significant decreases of ANB and SNA angles were evidenced, as well as an increase by 1.3 degree of FMA angle compared to control subjects. Distalization and distal rotation of upper molars were observed. The mandibular teeth mesialized and the lower incisors proclined. A clockwise rotation of the occlusal plane occurred. The treatment lasted 7.6 ± 1.6 months with a mean of 6.1 ± 1.1 appointments. The patient experience with the Carriere motion® was quite positive. Conclusion: The Carriere motion® proved its efficiency in correcting class II malocclusion, essentially by dento-alveolar effects. This easy-to-use appliance is indicated in early orthodontic treatment, when the correction is urgently required (prevention of incisor trauma in case of large overjet, periodontal risk for upper incisor in case of deep bite and sleep apnea). [less ▲]

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See detailLe « soi territorial » : propositions théoriques à partir d’une compréhension phénoménologique de la schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULiege

in Evolution Psychiatrique (in press)

- Objectives This theoretical paper discusses the integration of a 'territorial self' alongside the minimal and narrative selves most commonly described by contemporary phenomenology and used by ... [more ▼]

- Objectives This theoretical paper discusses the integration of a 'territorial self' alongside the minimal and narrative selves most commonly described by contemporary phenomenology and used by phenomenological psychopathology. - Methods We start from the schizophrenic experience and the tools for understanding it to highlight some limitations in the use of vocal communication within the clinical system to evoke phenomena that are a priori pre-linguistic. - Results This theoretical path, which appear necessary to open up to clinical observation and intersubjectivity, leads to nosographic and therapeutic implications which seem useful to us from a phenomenological perspective. - Discussion From a nosographic standpoint, we discuss the (non-systematic) cross-overs between schizophrenic experience and psychotic experience, whereas from a therapeutic standpoint, the proposal of the territorial self allows us to insist on the fact that the clinical relationship is characterised as much by an analysis of the experience and a discussion about it as it is by a joint practice and an experiential experience requiring a shared ground. - Conclusions The theoretical proposal of the "territorial self" proves to be fruitful and heuristic to be able to better understand deepen the nosographic debates in the field of psychosis, and to contribute to a reflection on the practice of psychotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailSlow onset events related to climate change and human mobility: Synthesizing current knowledge
Zickgraf, Caroline ULiege

in Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability (in press)

The breadth of emerging case studies and empirical evidence linking slow onset events and human mobility (migration and displacement) is difficult to succinctly summarize, owing to the wide range of slow ... [more ▼]

The breadth of emerging case studies and empirical evidence linking slow onset events and human mobility (migration and displacement) is difficult to succinctly summarize, owing to the wide range of slow onset hazards, their impacts, their varied interactions with other drivers of population movement, and the specificity of local contexts. Nevertheless, the growing literature demonstrates that the effects of slow onset processes interact with social, political, economic, environmental, and demographic factors to drive both human migration and displacement. One of the major impacts of slow onset events evident in the literature is the disruption of local livelihoods, particularly for those people dependent on natural resources, e.g. farmers, fishers, and pastoralists. Commonly, this underpins empirical case studies related to economic, more ‘voluntary’ migration patterns, yet these events may also contribute to displacement by decreasing ecosystem services and overwhelming populations’ capacity to withstand both slow- and rapid-onset events. The combination of these impacts can lead local communities to reach climatic and social tipping points, at which the socio-ecological capacity to cope in situ is exceeded, leading to displacement. This synthesis article, therefore, distinguishes between displacement and more voluntary forms of migration in slow onset contexts related to climate change, while acknowledging that a clear distinction between migration and displacement is often blurred in the context of slow-onset events such as sea-level rise, desertification and land and forest degradation. It recognizes that slow-onset events may in many situations interact or exacerbate rapid-onset events in multi-risk scenarios, increasing the risk of loss and damage. The article assesses the state of knowledge on human mobility related to slow onset events by distilling academic and ‘grey’ literature across geographical regions, with particular attention given to developing country contexts. It will draw from various secondary and bibliographic resources including the CLIMIG database. This contribution identifies commonalities as well as gaps and tensions in the field at different spatial scales, in order to provide scientific information that can support and inform national planning and policymaking processes in assessing and addressing the mobility impacts and risks associated with slow onset events. [less ▲]

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See detailUne audience virtuelle pour l’entrainement de la fluence de parole lors d’une prise de parole en public : Etude pilote
Menjot, Pauline; Remacle, Angélique ULiege; Schyns, Michael ULiege et al

in Cahiers de l'ASELF (in press)

Contexte : Prendre la parole face à une audience est un défi pour beaucoup. Elle est considérée comme l’une des activités les plus craintes. L’anxiété liée à la prise de parole en public a un impact sur ... [more ▼]

Contexte : Prendre la parole face à une audience est un défi pour beaucoup. Elle est considérée comme l’une des activités les plus craintes. L’anxiété liée à la prise de parole en public a un impact sur les performances de communication, notamment sur la fluence de parole. La littérature met en évidence les bénéfices d’un entrainement ciblant les compétences communicationnelles liées à cette activité. Néanmoins, son implémentation dans des situations proches du monde réel reste complexe. Par conséquent, la réalité virtuelle pourrait être un outil novateur et pertinent pour ce type d’entrainement. Objectifs : Cette étude vise à valider l’utilisation d’une audience virtuelle pour l’entrainement de la prise de parole en public en évaluant sa capacité à susciter des réactions émotionnelles (en termes d’anxiété) et comportementales (en termes de disfluences). Méthodologie : Huit participants ont réalisé une présentation orale dans trois conditions : 1) face à un public réel (Vivo_Public), 2) devant un public virtuel (Virtuo_Public) et 3) dans une salle de conférence virtuelle sans public (Virtuo_Vide). Les disfluences et le niveau d’anxiété des participants ont été analysés. Le vécu de l’immersion dans l’environnement virtuel a quant à lui été évalué au moyen d’un questionnaire portant sur le sentiment de présence et les cybermalaises. Résultats : Les réactions comportementales, le sentiment de présence satisfaisant et l’absence de cybermalaises suggèrent que cet environnement virtuel est un outil prometteur pour l’entrainement à la prise de parole en public. Conclusion : Cette étude est la première étape d’un projet à long terme. Elle a permis de mettre en évidence les éléments positifs de cette audience virtuelle ainsi que ceux nécessitant une amélioration. D’autres études sont toutefois nécessaires pour améliorer cet environnement et confirmer statistiquement sa validité écologique. [less ▲]

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See detailAmbrogio e Agostino: spazi e pratiche battesimali a Milano e in Nord Africa a confronto
Neri, Elisabetta ULiege

in Studia Ambrosiana (in press), 13

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See detailRecherches sur le Site de Germigny-des-Prés (Loiret, Centre Val de Loire) en 2019
Van Wersch, Line ULiege; Henrion, Fabrice

in Archéologie Médiévale (in press)

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See detailFiscal decentralization and the performance of higher education institutions: the case of Europe
Jacqmin, Julien ULiege; Lefebvre, Mathieu ULiege

in Empirica (in press)

This paper empirically evaluates the impact of fiscal decentralization on the performance of higher education systems. To test this relationship, we build up a panel dataset composed of European countries ... [more ▼]

This paper empirically evaluates the impact of fiscal decentralization on the performance of higher education systems. To test this relationship, we build up a panel dataset composed of European countries. Country-level performance is measured by an indicator using data from the Shanghai ranking. Using a dynamic panel approach, we find that a higher share of government spending coming from decentralized levels of governments leads to an improvement of the performance of research-intensive higher education institutions. We argue that a more decentralized higher education system increases the ability to attract and retain top scholars. © 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. [less ▲]

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See detailCurrent practice for safe return-to-play after lateral ankle sprain: A survey among French-speaking physicians
Aguilaniu, Aude ULiege; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULiege; Schwartz, Cédric ULiege et al

in Foot and Ankle Surgery (in press)

Background: Recommendations are available for assessment criteria for safe return-to-play (RTP) after a lateral ankle sprain. However, their current use among physicians is unknown. Methods: French ... [more ▼]

Background: Recommendations are available for assessment criteria for safe return-to-play (RTP) after a lateral ankle sprain. However, their current use among physicians is unknown. Methods: French-speaking physicians in Belgium, France and Switzerland were asked to complete an online survey and report their clinical assessment of selected RTP criteria. Results:The respondent sample (n = 109) included physicians with and without Sports Medicine education, varied level of experience and proportion of athletes in their practice population. Pain was the most selected criterion for safe RTP (90% of physicians), followed by ability to engage in functional tasks (82%), functional instability (73%), range of motion (61%), proprioception (47%), mechanical instability (39%), strength (38%) and swelling (31%). A low proportion of physicians use quantitative measures to assess these criteria (between 4% and 53%). Conclusions: A large proportion of physicians consider the recommended criteria for RTP decisions. However, physicians do not frequently use quantitative measures. [less ▲]

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