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See detailLand issue around the lands recovered in the region of Tahoua in Niger
Moussa dit Kalamou, Mahamadou; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Yamba, Boubacar

in AGROFOR Journal International (2016), 1(1), 195-201

The present reflection analyzes the situation of farmlands and pastoral lands in the region of Tahoua in Niger in connection with the environmental conditions in a context marked by considerable regional ... [more ▼]

The present reflection analyzes the situation of farmlands and pastoral lands in the region of Tahoua in Niger in connection with the environmental conditions in a context marked by considerable regional demographic growth of 4.6% in 2012. These hinder the efforts of the country in the wrestling against food insecurity. It also analyzes the land stakes in this particular case, the intervention of the programs of recoveries of lands and the strategies developed by actors to guarantee their food security. It results from the synthesis of direct observations and from the inquiries on ground. The investigation realized in 2010 concerned 420 households distributed in twenty selected villages following a reasoned sampling and according to demographic weight of eight (8) departments of the region. The objective is to measure the impact of the land dynamics in fighting against the food insecurity and poverty of women in the region of Tahoua. It emerges from this study that 3% of the households without land; in spite of the average of nine (9) individuals by households, or approximately 2.62 hectares by field. The surfaces of fields vary from 0.11 to 17 hectares. Fields are located on trays, in the slum and at the level of dunes in agricultural zone. We attend an emergence of fields beyond the north end of the cultures. Most of the forest lands were transformed into areas of pasture, then into fields of culture after the development interventions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (4 ULiège)
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See detailLand loss for industrial zones and rural employment
Ngo Trung Thanh, ULiege

in Journal of Science and Development (2009), 7(English special issue No 1), 112-122

During more than 15 years of development, IZs have appeared in 49 of 61 provinces and cities of Vietnam. However, the proportion of labor in land loss households accessed to employment opportunities in ... [more ▼]

During more than 15 years of development, IZs have appeared in 49 of 61 provinces and cities of Vietnam. However, the proportion of labor in land loss households accessed to employment opportunities in the industrial zone is low. So, why the labor of land loss household failed to get alternative employment, including the employment provided by the enterprise in the IZ and the employment generated by compensation? This article reports on a study of the impact of industrial zones on rural employment to contribute at understanding this. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (5 ULiège)
See detailLand Management for Urban Dynamics
Golay, F.; Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULiège)
See detailLand Managment for Urban Dynamics. Innovative tools and practices in a changing Europe
Tira, M.; van der Krabben, E.; Zanon, B. et al

Book published by Maggioli Editore (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (11 ULiège)
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See detailLand rights as an engine of growth ? An analysis of Cambodian land grabs in the context of development theory
Rudi, Lisa-Marie; Azadi, Hossein ULiege; Witlox, Frank et al

in Land Use Policy (2014), (38), 564-572

Forceful evictions have become a serious problem in Cambodia with an increasing number of fami-lies being deprived of their land, homes and livelihoods without compensation. This article analysesCambodian ... [more ▼]

Forceful evictions have become a serious problem in Cambodia with an increasing number of fami-lies being deprived of their land, homes and livelihoods without compensation. This article analysesCambodian land rights in the context of economic development theory. It assesses whether increas-ing economic inequalities, stemming from forceful evictions, can be categorized as an impediment toCambodian economic growth. The Cambodian case illustrates that a lack of good governance due tocorruption leads to the unequal distribution of land which, in turn, causes inequitable economic devel-opment. The paper concludes that Cambodia is trapped in a vicious cycle of inequality, which is upheld byelites who benefit from evictions and land concessions while evictees become trapped in poverty. Giventhat the population is growing angrier, the article warns of potential for a violent revolution that couldhave disastrous consequences for the Cambodian kingdom, a country that recently emerged from yearsof civil conflicts and is still in the process of rebuilding its social fabric. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 81 (15 ULiège)
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See detailLand status of agricultural concessions in Kinshasa (D. R. Congo): Legal framework limitations to Production Incentive.
Masiala Bode, Mabu ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege; Kinkela Savy Sunda, Charles et al

Conference (2017, March 22)

This article clarifies the land status of agricultural concessions of the Mont-Ngafula council in Kinshasa. This council is particular given that it has a hybrid land status which is both urban and rural ... [more ▼]

This article clarifies the land status of agricultural concessions of the Mont-Ngafula council in Kinshasa. This council is particular given that it has a hybrid land status which is both urban and rural. This therefore entails the application of the two land tenure systems depending on whether the area concerned is urban or rural. The results of this analysis highlights that since the enactment of the 1973 Land Act, access to agricultural land in this region rarely comply with legal procedure; most land occupants rather transact with various individuals who have customary rights over lands (traditional chiefs and customary landowners) instead meeting the competent services. As a matter of fact, from a legal standpoint, most of the occupants simply limit themselves to awarding a provisional occupancy contract, which is just a preparatory step to agricultural concession, the issuance of which appears to be less strenuous as per common practice in the constituency. The fact that land owners limit themselves at the stage of the provisional contract, usually far beyond the officially prescribed deadline, without even launching the application for the concession contract justifies the lack and poor level of development of occupied lands. Meanwhile, the value of these lands increases. The great trust gained by owners from the land administration (through the holding of provisional occupancy contract) and the payment of customary rights enables him/her to keep the funds in serenity and to receive yearly appreciation without an actual agricultural production. Thus, lands status obtained on the basis of this double recognition ensures an apparent land tenure security but does not promote agricultural production. In addition, the Land Act does not include any incentive instruments in this domain, and closer still, mechanisms set out in the law pertaining to the fundamental principles relating to agriculture are not at the verge of being instituted soon, much less the land reform policy initiated by the Congolese Government these past years. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULiège)
See detailLand Subsidence in Shanghai (P.R. CHINA)
Baeteman, Cécile; Dassargues, Alain ULiege; Schroeder, Christian ULiege et al

in Proc. of XIII Int. Conf. of the Int. U. for Quater. Res (1991)

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (3 ULiège)
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See detailLand subsidence in Shanghai: hydrogeological conditions and subsidence measurements
Dassargues, Alain ULiege; Zhang, J.

in Bulletin of Engineering Geology & the Environment (1992), 46

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (6 ULiège)
See detailLand surface interactions modeling (Agent-Based-Model - Dynamic Vegetation Model) over Belgium: current state and crop yield assessment for future (at the Belgian and European scales)
Jacquemin, Ingrid ULiege; Beckers, Veronique; Henrot, Alexandra-Jane ULiege et al

Poster (2017, May 23)

Agriculture in Europe is under substantial pressure. Farmers need to adapt to an ever-increasing global market, resulting in increasing competition and a high dependency on global food prices. Furthermore ... [more ▼]

Agriculture in Europe is under substantial pressure. Farmers need to adapt to an ever-increasing global market, resulting in increasing competition and a high dependency on global food prices. Furthermore, they have to deal with an increasing urbanization pressure and to comply with increasingly strict environmental rules and policies, sometimes requiring heavy investments. Combined to potential impacts of climate changes on ecosystems functions and structures, these factors could lead to a change in land use structure. In the framework of the MASC project ("Modelling and Assessing Surface Change impacts on Belgium and Western European climate"), we aim at providing a better understanding of these factors, with the final objective of improving regional climate model projections at the decennial scale over Belgium and Western Europe by combining high-resolution models. We propose to combine an agent-base model (ABM) and a dynamic vegetation model (DVM), CARAIB (“CARbon Assimilation In the Biosphere”). The ABM models the farmers as individual agents using a certain number of parcels. They decide on what to plant based on market prices, subsidies, crop rotations, personal preferences and the expected yield, which will be given by CARAIB. CARAIB will be forced over Belgium with the outputs of the regional climate model ALARO (4 km resolution) for the recent past and for the most common crops. As a first attempt to assess the impact of the climate change on crops yields over Europe, CARAIB will be driven with the outputs of several regional climate models (RCMs), from EURO-CORDEX, nested in CMIP5 general circulation model projections: ALADIN53 (Météo-France/CNRM), RACMO22E (KNMI), RCA4 (SMHI) and REMO2009 (MPI-CSC) RCMs (0.11-degree, ≈12 km) [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULiège)
See detailLand tenure in the context of land degradation
Pearson, Nakia ULiege; Gharbaoui, Dalila ULiege

Scientific conference (2016, November 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULiège)
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See detailLand use and land cover change analysis 1990-2002 in Binh Thuan Province, south central Vietnam
Hountondji, Yvon ULiege; Ozer, Pierre ULiege

in Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Energy, Environment and Climate Change (2011, August 26)

Describing the nature and extent of land resources and changes over time has become increasingly important, especially in developing countries. In this study, two Landsat satellite image scenes were ... [more ▼]

Describing the nature and extent of land resources and changes over time has become increasingly important, especially in developing countries. In this study, two Landsat satellite image scenes were examined to identify land use and land cover changes in Binh Thuan province (Vietnam) between 1990 and 2002. Classification accuracies were based upon ground truth data obtained by global positioning system and field collection. A post-classification comparison analysis was used to identify areas that have experienced conversions in land use and land cover. Comparisons of the land cover maps reveal that a steady growth in population has caused extensive changes of land cover throughout the area. The maps also indicate that the loss of woody land (forest) and the extension of wetlands (irrigate area), combined with built-up encroachment, remains one of the most serious environmental problems facing the Binh Thuan Province today. The post-classification change detection analysis showed that critical habitats accounted for nearly 38.5% of the total intensive study area between 1990 and 2002 while 61.5% remained stable. Results also showed over the 12-year span, approximately 1151.2 km² (115.120 ha) forest were converted respectively to brush, irrigated area (wetlands), cropland and built-up. This is an overall average decrease of approximately 9594 hectares of forested area per year. Throughout the study area, districts most affected by forest conversion to another land cover are: Bac Bihn (2798 ha/year), Than Linh (2717 ha/year), Ham Thuan Nam (1601 ha/year) and Ham Thuan Bac (1524 ha/year). Based on the identified causes of these changes, we made policy recommendations for better management of land use and land cover. [less ▲]

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See detailLand use change affects biogenic silica pool distribution in a subtropical soil toposequence
Unzue-Belmonte, Dacil; Ameijeiras-Marino, Yolanda; Opfergelt, Sophie et al

in Solid Earth (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULiège)
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See detailLand use change: An essential aspect of Life Cycle Analysis of lignocellulosic biomass conversion processes
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULiege; Léonard, Angélique ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2013)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (4 ULiège)
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See detailLand Values
Halleux, Jean-Marie ULiege; Huls, J.; Merenne-Schoumaker, Bernadette ULiege

Report (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (4 ULiège)
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See detailLand-cover change: quantification metrics for perforation using 2-D gap features.
Bogaert, Jan ULiege; Salvador-Van Eysenrode, D; Van Hecke, P et al

in Acta Biotheoretica (2001), 49(3), 161-169

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULiège)
See detailLand-fast sea ice of McMurdo Sound as a source of bio-essential trace metals for primary productivity in the Ross Sea, Antarctica
Schoemann, V.; de Jong, J.T.M.; Tison, J.L. et al

Conference (2014, March)

Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient. Its low abundance limits primary productivity in more than 30% of the oceans, including the Southern Ocean, and has a crucial impact on the biogeochemical cycles ... [more ▼]

Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient. Its low abundance limits primary productivity in more than 30% of the oceans, including the Southern Ocean, and has a crucial impact on the biogeochemical cycles of carbon and other elements with ultimate influence on the Earth climate system. Other trace metals, like Mn, Zn, Co and Cu are also required for microorganisms cell metabolism and may be (co-) limiting. Previous data on dissolved and particulate Fe concentration data showed that Fe is 10-100 times more concentrated in the sea ice than in underlying seawater and that sea ice melt can deliver up to 70% of the daily Fe supply to the surface waters. According to budget estimates in East Antarctica and in the Weddell Sea, accumulated Fe would largely derive from the underlying seawater rather than from atmospheric inputs. Most of the available data of trace metals in the sea ice concern pack ice and Fe. Only very scarce data exist on land-fast ice and on other trace metal concentrations. In this presentation, the general objective is to assess the role of land-fast ice as a source of Fe and other bio-essential trace metals (e.g. Mn, Zn, Cu, Mo, Cd), its impact on primary productivity and on the biological pump. Samples of sea ice, brines and seawater as well as dusts samples have been collected during the land-based sampling program YROSIAE at Cape Evans (Scott Base, McMurdo Sound, Ross Sea, Antarctica) from Nov 2011 to Dec 2011 and from Aug 2012 to Dec 2012. Dissolved and particulate trace metals concentrations have been measured by a recently developed method, which combines multiple element isotope dilution with preconcentration using the Nobias Chelate PA1 resin and ICP-MS analysis. Concentrations of trace metals in snow collected during the present study are one to up to five orders of magnitude higher than the concentrations previously observed in snow from East Antarctica, showing a much stronger dust input of these metals in McMurdo Sound. When comparing the concentrations obtained in the under-ice seawater with those obtained in the snow at McMurdo Sound, concentrations of Fe, Al, Mn, Co are much lower, whereas concentrations of Cu, Zn and Pb are similar and the concentrations of Ni, Mo and Cd are higher. Inventories of these trace metals in the land-fast sea ice give insights on its role as a source of bio-essential trace metal for the fuelling of the seasonal Ross Sea bloom. Other sources of these trace metals will be addressed and compared. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (7 ULiège)
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See detailLand-use control and fishery management at the Nazinga Game Ranch in Burkina Faso
Vermeulen, Cédric ULiege

in Nature et Faune (2010), 24(2), 45-48

Created in 1979 in Burkina Faso, the Nazinga Game Ranch (NGR) is a multi-purpose site dedicated to the conservation and economic development of wildlife. This paper offers a first summary of land-use ... [more ▼]

Created in 1979 in Burkina Faso, the Nazinga Game Ranch (NGR) is a multi-purpose site dedicated to the conservation and economic development of wildlife. This paper offers a first summary of land-use controls applied by local populations over the site and specifically questions the impact of recent fishery management policies over these controls. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (16 ULiège)
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See detailThe Landau–Lifshitz equation in atomistic models
Ellis, M. O. A.; Evans, R. F. L.; Ostler, Thomas ULiege et al

in Low Temperature Physics (2015), 41(9), 705-712

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULiège)
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See detailDe landbouwer en de termijnmarkten in landbouw- produkten
Burny, Philippe ULiege; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Revue de l’Agriculture = Landbouwtijdschrift (1987), 40(1), 113-119

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (7 ULiège)
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See detailLandé g-factors along the sixth row of the periodic table
Biémont, Emile ULiege; Palmeri, P.; Quinet, Pascal ULiege

in Journal of Physics : B Atomic Molecular & Optical Physics (2010), 43

Land´e g-factors are calculated, in intermediate coupling, for 2084 levels belonging to atoms or ions of the sixth row of the periodic table. Extensive configuration interaction and relativistic effects ... [more ▼]

Land´e g-factors are calculated, in intermediate coupling, for 2084 levels belonging to atoms or ions of the sixth row of the periodic table. Extensive configuration interaction and relativistic effects are included in the framework of the relativistic Hartree–Fock approximation including core-polarization effects. The results have been refined using least-squares fittings of the Hamiltonian eigenvalues to the observed energy levels (when available). The new results fill in some gaps in the existing data for a large number of levels belonging to ions of astrophysical interest and are expected to be useful for investigating magnetic fields in CP stars. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (1 ULiège)