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See detailAnalysis of definitions of General Practice/Family Medicine and Primary Health Care
Jamoulle, Marc ULiege; Resnick, Melissa; Ittoo, Ashwin ULiege et al

in British Journal of General Practice (2017), 0050

Abstract Background There are numerous definitions of General Practice and Family Medicine (GP/FM) and Primary Health Care (PHC), but the distinction between the two concepts is unclear. Aim To conduct a ... [more ▼]

Abstract Background There are numerous definitions of General Practice and Family Medicine (GP/FM) and Primary Health Care (PHC), but the distinction between the two concepts is unclear. Aim To conduct a terminological analysis of a set of definitions of GP/FM and of PHC, to clarify what binds and what distinguishes these two concepts. Design The terms of 20 definitions were collected in two bags of words (one for GP/FM and one for PHC terms). A terminological analysis of these two bags of words was performed to prioritize the terms and analyze their world of reference. Methods The two collected bags of words were extracted with Vocabgrabber®, configured in two term butts using Wordle®, and further explored for similarities using Tropes®. The prioritized terms were analyzed using the Aristotelian approach to categorization of things. Results Although continuity of care (with person-centered approach and shared decision making) is the central issue of the two sets, the two sets of definitions differ greatly in content. The prioritized terms specific to GP/FM (community, medicine, responsibility, individual, problem, needs, ...) are different from prioritized terms specific to PHC (home, team, promotion, collaborator, engagement, neighborhood, medical center…). Conclusion Terminological analysis of the definitions for GP/FM and PHC shows two entities which are overlapping but distinct, necessitating a different taxonomic approach and different bibliographic search strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of dentate gyrus long-term potentiation in calretinin mutant mice
Schurmans, Stéphane ULiege

in Cell Biology International (1998), 22(5), 372-374

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See detailAnalysis of different model-based approaches for estimating dFRC for real-time application
van Drunen, EJ; Chase, JG; Chiew, YS et al

in BioMedical Engineering OnLine (2013), 12:9

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See detailAnalysis of Dioxins and Dioxin-like PCBs in Feed and Food
Faye, B; Focant, Jean-François ULiege

Scientific conference (2015, May)

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See detailAnalysis of Dioxins and Dioxin-like PCBs in Feed and Food
Focant, Jean-François ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2015)

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See detailANALYSIS OF DIOXINS AND DIOXIN-LIKE PCBS IN HOME PRODUCED EGGS: LEVELS AND SOURCES
Van Overmeire, Ilse; Eppe, Gauthier ULiege; Waegeneers, Nadia et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2008)

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See detailThe analysis of disease biomarker data using a mixed hidden Markov model
Detilleux, Johann ULiege

in Genetics, Selection, Evolution (2008), 40(5), 491-509

A mixed hidden Markov model (HMM) was developed for predicting breeding values of a biomarker (here, somatic cell score) and the individual probabilities of health and disease (here, mastitis) based upon ... [more ▼]

A mixed hidden Markov model (HMM) was developed for predicting breeding values of a biomarker (here, somatic cell score) and the individual probabilities of health and disease (here, mastitis) based upon the measurements of the biomarker. At a first level, the unobserved disease process (Markov model) was introduced and at a second level, the measurement process was modeled, making the link between the unobserved disease states and the observed biomarker values. This hierarchical formulation allows joint estimation of the parameters of both processes. The flexibility of this approach is illustrated on the simulated data. Firstly, lactation curves for the biomarker were generated based upon published parameters (mean, variance, and probabilities of infection) for cows with known clinical conditions (health or mastitis due to Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus). Next, estimation of the parameters was performed via Gibbs sampling, assuming the health status was unknown. Results from the simulations and mathematics show that the mixed HMM is appropriate to estimate the quantities of interest although the accuracy of the estimates is moderate when the prevalence of the disease is low. The paper ends with some indications for further developments of the methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of DNA methylation patterns associated with drought stress response in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) using methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism (MSAP)
Abid, G.; Mingeot, D.; Muhovski, Y. et al

in Environmental and Experimental Botany (2017), 142

The effects of drought on water relations, gas exchanges and epigenetic alterations were studied in two faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes with contrasting levels of drought tolerance. The drought ... [more ▼]

The effects of drought on water relations, gas exchanges and epigenetic alterations were studied in two faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes with contrasting levels of drought tolerance. The drought-tolerant Bachar genotype was less affected by water deficit in comparison with the drought-sensitive F177 in terms of photosynthetic function and water status in plants as indicated by less reduction in net photosynthesis (A), transpiration rate (E), stomatal conductance (gs) and relative water content (RWC). In this study, the methylation-sensitive amplification polymorphism (MSAP) technique was used to profile the DNA methylation patterns of Bachar and F177 under drought and control conditions. Overall, the amount of methylation was higher in leaves than in roots and the contribution of fully methylated loci was always higher than that of hemimethylated loci. Under control and drought treatment, the total methylation level in leaf tissues was 37.43% and 30.62% in Bachar, 41.23% and 38.16% in F177, indicating a decrease of 6.81% and 3.07% in Bachar and F177 respectively, due to drought exposure. The results revealed that DNA methylation in root tissues was decreased by 3.63% (from 23.43% to 19.80%) in Bachar and increased by 0.66% (from 16.53% to 17.19%) in F177 under drought stress. Differentially displayed DNA fragments in MSAP profiles were cloned and sequenced. A sequence analysis identified six potentially drought stress-related differentially methylated regions (DMRs). Five of these have high homology to previously identified or putative proteins found in other plants, including lipoxygenase (LOX), calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK), ABC transporter family (ABC), glycosyl hydrolase (GH) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase (PEPC) and were chosen for further characterization. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR analysis revealed that VfLOX, VfCDPK, VfABC and VfGH varied under drought stress; the expression level of these studied genes was higher in Bachar than in F177. This could suggest their possible role in faba bean drought stress tolerance. Overall, the genome-wide epigenetic changes are probably an important regulatory mechanism for faba bean response to drought and as well to other environmental stresses. © 2017 Elsevier B.V. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of Dose Volume Histogram Differences between High Dose Rate Brachytherapy and Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy for Prostate Treatment
Hermesse, Johanne ULiege; Thissen, Benedicte ULiege; Warlimont, Bernard ULiege et al

in International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics (2008), 72(1 (supplément)), 566

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See detailAnalysis of Double-Skinned Cylindrical Structures by the Stiffened Panel Method
Rigo, Philippe ULiege; Wang, H.

in Offshore Mechanics and Artic Engineering, OMAE’98-0420, Pub. ASME (1998, July)

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See detailAnalysis of dynamic response of a very flexible Delta wing model in a wind tunnel
Barbason, Mathieu ULiege; Andrianne, Thomas ULiege; Hickey, Daryl ULiege et al

in Proceedings of the 2009 International Forum on Aeroelasticity and Structural Dynamics (2009, July)

Limit cycle oscillations involving Delta wings are an important area of research in modern aeroelasticity. Such phenomena can be the result of geometric nonlin- earity, aerodynamic nonlinearity or under ... [more ▼]

Limit cycle oscillations involving Delta wings are an important area of research in modern aeroelasticity. Such phenomena can be the result of geometric nonlin- earity, aerodynamic nonlinearity or under-wing store nonlinearity. In this paper, a flexible half-Delta wing without stores is tested in a low speed wind tunnel in order to investigate its dynamic response. It is found that, at several combinations of airspeed and angle of attack, the wing undergoes high amplitude limit cycle oscillations. Three types of such oscillations are observed. Type 1 oscillations occur only at low angles of attack and are the result of a Hopf-type bifurcation. Type 2 limit cycle oscillations occur at intermedi- ate angles of attack and are the result of an atypical bifurcation. In other words, these oscillations appear as the airspeed is increased but disappear at even higher airspeeds. Type 3 oscillations occur at even higher angles of attack. A bispectrum analysis shows that type 3 limit cycle oscillations feature quadratic phase coupling. No such coupling was measured for type 2 oscillations, leading to the conclusion that the nonlinearity must be of higher order. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of EBV Transcription Using High-Throughput RNA Sequencing.
O'Grady, Tina ULiege; Baddoo, Melody; Flemington, Erik K.

in Methods in Molecular Biology (2017), 1532

High-throughput sequencing of RNA is used to analyze the transcriptomes of viruses and cells, providing information about transcript structure and abundance. A wide array of programs and pipelines has ... [more ▼]

High-throughput sequencing of RNA is used to analyze the transcriptomes of viruses and cells, providing information about transcript structure and abundance. A wide array of programs and pipelines has been created to manage and interpret the abundance of data generated from high-throughput RNA sequencing experiments. This protocol details the use of free and open-source programs to align RNA-Seq reads to a reference genome, visualize read coverage and splice junctions, estimate transcript abundance, and evaluate differential expression of transcripts in different conditions. Particular concerns related to EBV and viral transcriptomics are addressed and access to EBV reference files is provided. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of economic efficiency of small-scale onion production in Volcanic Highlands in Rwanda
Maniriho, Aristide ULiege; Musabanganji, Edouard; Lebailly, Philippe ULiege

in Montenegrin Journal of Economics (2020), 16(3), 185-196

Onion is recognized for its nutritional value, its curative capacities and its fitness to flavor diets. This article attempted to assess the economic efficiency of input combinations among onion farmers ... [more ▼]

Onion is recognized for its nutritional value, its curative capacities and its fitness to flavor diets. This article attempted to assess the economic efficiency of input combinations among onion farmers in the Volcanic Highlands in Rwanda. Data were collected using a questionnaire administered to a random sample of 94 small-scale onion producers. Cobb-Douglas type stochastic frontier functions were specified and estimated using maximum likelihood method to estimate technical, allocative, and economic efficiencies of onion production. A simultaneous-equations model was specified and estimated with seemingly unrelated regression method to identify the sources of technical, allocative, and economic efficiencies. Results from econometric estimations revealed that seeds and organic fertilizers are the most influential determinants of onion production, and showed that the total production cost increases with an increase in onion output. The sum of input coefficients of 1.03 (greater than 1) indicates that onion production scores the increasing returns to scale in the study area. The results also pointed to the significant effect of education and household size on farm efficiencies. Finally, the study suggests the enhancement of farmer’s professional trainings and the re-adaptation of extension services to the farmers’ needs so as to achieve the optimal use of resources. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of electrical resistance tomography measurements obtained in a bubble column: Dynamics aspects, first results
Fransolet, Emmanuelle; Crine, Michel ULiege; L'Homme, Guy ULiege et al

in Mann, R.; Mewes, D.; Ronson, P. (Eds.) Proceedings of 2nd World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Hanovre, Germany, 29-31 août 2001 (2014)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (9 ULiège)
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See detailAnalysis of electrical resistance tomography measurements obtained on a bubble column
Fransolet, E.; Crine, Michel ULiege; L'Homme, Guy ULiege et al

in Measurement Science and Technology (2001), 12(8), 1055-1060

Measurements of gas hold-up obtained by using pressure transducers and an optical probe are compared with those obtained by an electrical resistance tomography method. The use of a neural network, the ... [more ▼]

Measurements of gas hold-up obtained by using pressure transducers and an optical probe are compared with those obtained by an electrical resistance tomography method. The use of a neural network, the input of which is the electrical measurements, can lead to quantitative results for the gas hold-up distribution. An interesting qualitative diagnosis of the sparger functioning is observed from reconstructed images. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (6 ULiège)