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See detailGoverning biodiversity
Mougenot, Catherine ULiege; Mormont, Marc ULiege

in International Journal of Environment and Pollution (1999), 12(4), 78-99

he hypothesis of this paper is that the value conferred on nature designates both the ''objects of nature'' that are the subject of consideration, and the human beings for whom they are intended or who ... [more ▼]

he hypothesis of this paper is that the value conferred on nature designates both the ''objects of nature'' that are the subject of consideration, and the human beings for whom they are intended or who are responsible for them. These designation processes are dynamic and linked, but also interdependent. In order to examine these processes more closely, we make use of the concept of network, which integrates the action of different players in their specific world, as well as ''objects'' that can be as different as scientific nomenclatures, available sites, management plans, funds, etc. In other words, protection practices link up different universes, scientific models and practices, institutional practices, nature conservation practices and, finally, the evolution of species and natural sites that are not passive entities. The fact that we speak of ''socio-natural'' networks indicates that nature conservation is ''based'' on chains of equivalences that integrate these different players and universes. The processes are dynamic ones. The paper therefore examines how they can be stabilised or expanded, and also how they can be transformed in a much more radical manner. The study is applied to the Walloon Region (in Belgium). The paper first looks at what could be considered as the ''classical nature conservation network'', and then examines how it is called to evolve. The fact is that contemporary situations lead us to take account of different types of networks for conserving and maintaining nature. These are compared, and the paper examines how each of them attempts to take account of the increasingly complex and also increasingly open concept of biodiversity. This perspective of networking also leads us to conclude that none of these networks (scientific, economic, legislative, institutional, etc.) that go to make up nature conservation is capable on its own of giving value to nature. This is acquired - or not - only by building a hybrid chain that cuts across or integrates these different worlds. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 138 (55 ULiège)
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See detailGoverning by numbers or democratizing measurement : The policy and practices of quality management in universities
Fallon, Catherine ULiege

Conference (2014, July 04)

Quality management frequently appeals to performance indicators (PI) without questioning their constructed and contextual dimension and the reduction of the social complexity they induce. Practices and ... [more ▼]

Quality management frequently appeals to performance indicators (PI) without questioning their constructed and contextual dimension and the reduction of the social complexity they induce. Practices and discourses in this field tend to swing between two antinomic registers: strenghtening of a managerial approach by the authorities and new participatory expectations by stakeholders. Quality-oriented approaches and performance measurement advocates a quantitative practice based on a top-down, standardised approach focused on statistical knowledge and advocating a desire of transparency and increasing efficiency. The indicator-based measurement also endorses a legitimacy and accountability function (Zittoun 2009). Quantification of social phenomenon leads to a double reductionism : PI reduce social complexity to a single figure, and contribute at the same time to a normative twist of public action when pushing forward the search for performance and efficiency as main objective of policies while downplaying other less measurable social or environmental dimensions (Salais, 2010). In the last decade, public governance focused so much on numbers and benchmarking that the digits and indicators seem to structure the whole decision making process instead of being a simple adjuvant to it (Dahler-Larsen 2012, Ogien 2009). Simutaneously, local actors have to translate in local practices the policy indicators that where defined by experts far away from local concerns. This top down approach puts the autonomy of local professionals under pressure (Chauvière 2007). These tensions could be resolved by defining new modes of coordination between experts and the knowledge of stakeholders. Beyond the criticism of “governing by numbers” the hypothesis is to test the emergence of new families of context rich operational indicators, supporting local participation (Didier et al 2013). This paper proposes to analyze these tensions in the case of the development of quality management processes in universities in Belgium and show how the development of quantification mechanisms resisted participatory processes in the definition of indicators and statistical models (Fallon & Leclercq 2013). It will question how can stakeholders be involved in the definitions of measures, contribution to the framing of the convention of what is locally important and what is not. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULiège)
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See detailGoverning food security globally - stakeholders` opinions
Paveliuc Olariu, Codrin ULiege

Scientific conference (2013, April 27)

While more than 850 million people are starving (FAO, 2012) around the world, agricultural production grew at about 2.3% per year in the past 50 years and access to food increased with an even higher rate ... [more ▼]

While more than 850 million people are starving (FAO, 2012) around the world, agricultural production grew at about 2.3% per year in the past 50 years and access to food increased with an even higher rate. By 2012, almost 65% of all implemented agricultural policies (focused at national, regional and global level) that have a reference on food security only aim on solving present day crisis, without integrating policies for preventing future ones. While the League of Arab States (LAS) called for an integrated Arab approach to agricultural policy to the Arab Organization for Agricultural Development (AOAD), the League of African Nations did not yet agree on common objectives in matters regarding agriculture and rural development despite AGRA Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa, a network of US based iNGOs` who`s board is chaired by Kofi Annan, former Secretary General of the United Nations, took on the challenge of reforming this continent`s agriculture. Although the European Union has the Common Agricultural Policy that works on a 7 years framework with a wide budgetary support from the European Commission and all 27 Member States and China has an agricultural policy working under the ridged 5-years system, food security and food quality are becoming the main concerns in the world leaders minds with the population reaching 7 billion on October 31st 2011 and resources becoming scarce. This paper analyses the stakeholders` opinions on the possibility of changing the policy instruments status quo that would enable a coherent exchange of good practices and information throughout the world to a global approach to food security and food quality that is necessary for overcoming problems like famine in Africa, obesity in North America and high risk and vulnerability for human health and the environment. The key questions that are answered in this paper are: What are the common elements of agricultural policies with regional reach that can constitute objectives for a Global Agricultural Policy (GAP)? Which organization could manage a GAP and what would be its main driving mechanisms? What kind of impact would have a global mechanism in agriculture and rural development acting at different levels? What are the determinants for the successful creation and implementation of a GAP? [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning Parameters of Long-Range Intramolecular S‑to‑N Acyl Transfers within (S)‑Acyl Isopeptides
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULiege; Dive, Georges ULiege; Stevens, Christian et al

in Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation (2013), 9(2), 927934

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (24 ULiège)
See detailGoverning radioactive waste in the interim: A cross-national comparison
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULiege

Conference (2017, April 18)

In this presentation, I briefly review current practices in different countries (e.g. USA, Belgium) concerning the interim storage of intermediate and high-level radioactive waste. Drawing on ongoing ... [more ▼]

In this presentation, I briefly review current practices in different countries (e.g. USA, Belgium) concerning the interim storage of intermediate and high-level radioactive waste. Drawing on ongoing research within the Programme for the Integration of Social Aspects into nuclear research (PISA) at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN, I provide a definition of interim storage and outline a possible research agenda for this area. Interim storage is defined as the stowing of high-level radioactive waste in temporary facilities for an indefinite period, until a more permanent solution is established. As the large majority of countries still has decades, if not centuries, to go before geological disposal facilities become operational, the notions of “temporary” and “interim” cover immense timespans that remain unaccounted for by scientists, technologists, regulators, implementers, and policy makers. It is therefore worth asking the following research questions: Which social, legal, and ethical considerations come into play when the concepts of “temporary” and “interim” are stretched? How do social, legal, and technical considerations interact with regard to (prolonged) interim storage facility safety? The outputs of this line of investigation are relevant to all actors involved in radioactive waste management, including governments, waste management organisations, civil society, and wider publics. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULiège)
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See detailGovernment Debt Denomination Policies Before and After the EMU Advent
Hübner, Georges ULiege; Joliet, Robert

in Open Economies Review (2013), 24

Through a cost-minimizing approach, this paper derives joint indicators to assess the efficiency of the mix of sovereign debt currencies between the countries belonging to the European Monetary Union (EMU ... [more ▼]

Through a cost-minimizing approach, this paper derives joint indicators to assess the efficiency of the mix of sovereign debt currencies between the countries belonging to the European Monetary Union (EMU). This theoretical insight enables us to explain why and how the introduction of the euro and the adoption of a common monetary policy may have led to significant changes in debt structure among EMU members, notably in favor of further euro-denominated debt. The interplay of intrinsic and strategic variables yields stylized facts that are consistent with country-specific empirical evidence. Following the sovereign debt crisis, we further emphasize the value-added of a coordinated debt issuance policy among EMU countries. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (1 ULiège)
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See detailGovernor General of the Catholic Netherlands' confessor and Madrid's politics.
Pirlet, Pierre-François ULiege

Conference (2015, December 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (1 ULiège)
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See detailGower. Selections from the Confessio Amantis, edited by G. C. Macaulay
Hamélius, Paul ULiege

in Revue de l'Instruction Publique en Belgique (1904), 47

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULiège)
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See detailGP’s engagement in detecting and managing abuse of alcohol, illegal drugs, hypnotics and tranquilizers in the Belgian adult population
Ketterer, Frédéric ULiege; Lambrechts, Marie-Claire; Symons, Linda et al

in European Journal of General Practice (2013, September), 19(3), 162-184

Background General practitioners (GPs) Occupational physicians (OPs) can play an important role in detecting and managing substance abuse in the working population. The UP TO DATE project aims at ... [more ▼]

Background General practitioners (GPs) Occupational physicians (OPs) can play an important role in detecting and managing substance abuse in the working population. The UP TO DATE project aims at identifying the difficulties these professionals encounter in this area, and to explore ways of collaboration in providing appropriate care. Research question What are the experiences, attitudes and decision making of GPs and OPs regarding to alcohol, illegal drugs, hypnotics and tranquilizers abuse from a physician’s perspective? Method In this qualitative study, with a phenomenological perspective, 20 GPs and 16 OPs, experienced with substance abuse in daily practice, got a face to face in-depth interview. (October until December 2012). Along with the data collection process the analysis started with a constant comparison between the data and the chosen integrated model of change (De Vries), using coding techniques of grounded theory. Results GPs meet important barriers to detect misuse of all substances. To address this issue and the patient’s motivation for change, the doctor-patient relationship is crucial. The risk to disturb the relationship, and loose the patient’s trust, is a major concern. An attitude of patient-centeredness, collaboration and empowerment of the patient is needed to make any progress, to get results and to overcome as a GP the burden of those demanding encounters. Self-care is an important concern. Collaboration with specialised health providers confronted GPs with various problems: not enough services, long waiting lists, unclear methods and criteria. GPs lack an insight in the OP’s role, and experience problems to contact them. Whether the OP is a trustful health advocate for their patient is a major concern. Some OPs are perceived too linked to the employer, raising legitimate concerns about professional confidentiality. Conclusion These are preliminary results. At the conference, a comprehensive overview on the qualitative analysis will be given. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 100 (21 ULiège)
See detailGPA: dialogue entre aspects légaux et psychologiques
D'Amore, Salvatore ULiege

Scientific conference (2015, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULiège)
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See detailGPCRs in immunity: atypical receptors and novel concepts
Hanson, Julien ULiege; Chevigné, Andy

in Biochemical Pharmacology (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (9 ULiège)
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See detailGPR detection of saturated areas into concrete in the presence of a water gradient
Louis, Arnaud ULiege; Van der Wielen, Audrey ULiege; Courard, Luc ULiege et al

in 2012 14th International Conference on Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) (2012, June)

In the concrete, saturated areas are most of the time limited by a transition zone, presenting a water gradient. This transition zone can affect the GPR wave’s reflection and decrease the reflection ... [more ▼]

In the concrete, saturated areas are most of the time limited by a transition zone, presenting a water gradient. This transition zone can affect the GPR wave’s reflection and decrease the reflection coefficient by comparison to the coefficient that would be obtained on a sharp interface. To quantify the impact of the water gradient on the reflection coefficient, we performed finite differences simulations. They showed that the reflection coefficient was reduced by 70% if the thickness of the transition zone was larger than 2/5 of the wavelength. Laboratory experiments, using hygrometric sensors for the water content control, confirmed this trend. [less ▲]

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See detailGPR Limits for Thin Layers in Concrete Detection: Numerical and Experimental Evaluation
Van der Wielen, Audrey ULiege; Courard, Luc ULiege; Nguyen, Frédéric ULiege

in Progress In Electromagnetics Research Symposium Proceedings, Marrakesh, Morocco, March 20-23, 2011 (2011, March)

The Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a nondestructive technique increasingly used in civil structures inspection. In those structures, thin layers, presenting a relatively small thickness compared to ... [more ▼]

The Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a nondestructive technique increasingly used in civil structures inspection. In those structures, thin layers, presenting a relatively small thickness compared to their area, are common and induce a complex multiple reflection scheme of the GPR waves on the two interfaces limiting the layer. The theoretical relationships predicting the reflected amplitude are based on multiple simplifying assumptions that are not matched by most commercial GPR impulse machines. In the first part of this study, we confronted the theoretical curves with numerical finite difference simulations performed with GprMax2D, with both a continuous sine wave and a realistic pulse derived from measurements. In the second part, we performed experiments on two concrete slabs, separated with an air space of variable thickness. The measured amplitude appeared to be different from the predictions, probably due to surface noise. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 69 (17 ULiège)
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See detailGPR101 mutations are not a frequent cause of congenital isolated growth hormone deficiency
Castinetti, F; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Stratakis, CA et al

in Hormone & Metabolic Research (2016)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (10 ULiège)
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See detailGPR101 orphan GPCR: a novel cause of growth hormone deregulation
Abboud, Dayana ULiege; Daly, Adrian ULiege; Dupuis, Nadine ULiege et al

Poster (2017, May)

GPR101 is an orphan G-protein coupled receptor with unknown ligand. In 2014, an international study clearly pointed to a strong association between this receptor and the X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG ... [more ▼]

GPR101 is an orphan G-protein coupled receptor with unknown ligand. In 2014, an international study clearly pointed to a strong association between this receptor and the X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG) syndrome, which begins in childhood and causes the “tallest giants”. The children (carriers of the GPR101 duplication on the X chromosome) grow abnormally even before they are one year old, secrete phenomenal quantities of growth hormone, and develop pituitary adenomas that do not respond to current therapies. The mechanism by which GPR101 contributes to increased growth hormone secretion is currently not known. Nevertheless, the lack of mechanistic insight into the function of GPR101 precludes its validation as a drug target. This lack of knowledge on GPR101 is the consequence of the paucity of specific pharmacological/research tools currently available. Therefore, we propose to study GPR101 functions and its role in growth hormone regulation. First, we determined the receptor cellular localization. We also deciphered its constitutive signalling pathways by detecting high cAMP levels. We completed our study with an examination of receptor coupling to other pathways and G proteins. Furthermore, we applied targeted mutagenesis to modulate the receptor constitutive activity in order to understand the receptor function at a molecular level. These GPR101 mutants will help us to understand the role of this receptor in GH regulation and/or to treat people suffering from pituitary dysfunction. This information is an absolute prerequisite to link molecular pharmacology of GPR101 with physiological functions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (2 ULiège)
See detailGPS : A tool to study the Earth Atmosphere
Warnant, René ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2002)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (0 ULiège)
See detailGPS activities at the Royal Observatory of Belgium
Bruyninx, Carine; Warnant, René ULiege; Pâquet, Paul

in Veröffentlichungen der Bayerischen Kommission für die Internationale Erdmessung, Astronomisch - Geodätische Arbeiten, Heft 52 (1992)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (0 ULiège)
See detailA GPS based prototype service for monitoring the ionospheric irregularities and scintillations at a global scale
Valette, J.-J.; Yaya, P.; Prévost, P.-L. et al

Conference (2005)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULiège)
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See detailLe GPS et la Physique
Garnir, Henri-Pierre ULiege; Strivay, David ULiege; Bastin, Thierry ULiege

in Science and Culture (2002), 380

Detailed reference viewed: 34 (6 ULiège)