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See detailGrowth partitioning within beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) varies in response to summer heat waves and related droughts
Latte, Nicolas ULiege; Lebourgeois, François; Claessens, Hugues ULiege

in Trees (2016), 30(1), 189-201

To characterize growth partitioning within the tree and its responses to climate, we studied 8 dominant beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) of a pure, even-aged 98-year-old stand in Belgium. We sampled 10 ... [more ▼]

To characterize growth partitioning within the tree and its responses to climate, we studied 8 dominant beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) of a pure, even-aged 98-year-old stand in Belgium. We sampled 10 disks along the stem from breast height to treetop and examined the inter-annual patterns of, and discrepancies between, ring-area and volume increments by performing detailed stem analysis and dendroecological investigations. Although the common inter-annual variation among all increment series was high, we observed increasing growth variability and climate sensitivity with height, leading to notable bole-crown discrepancies. Both the common inter-annual variation and bole-crown discrepancies were mainly driven by summer heat waves and related droughts of the previous year, and spring droughts of the current year. Despite these discrepancies, the radial growth at breast height can be considered a good estimate of the tree volume increment but not for the purpose of focusing on climatic effects of isolated years. Extreme climatic conditions increase the risk of inaccurate estimations. The results of the present study are discussed in relation to tree ecophysiology hypotheses. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth patterns of Belgian Blue replacement heifers and growing males in commercial farms
de Behr, Vanessa; Hornick, Jean-Luc ULiege; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULiege et al

in Livestock Production Science (2001), 71

A survey was carried out to propose models of growth curves in Belgian Blue cattle less than 20 months of age and raised in commercial farms in southern Belgium. Live weight data were recorded between ... [more ▼]

A survey was carried out to propose models of growth curves in Belgian Blue cattle less than 20 months of age and raised in commercial farms in southern Belgium. Live weight data were recorded between 1993 and 1999 from 1104 breeding heifers, and 924 growing males. The linear, polynomial group, power, logistic, Brody, Gompertz, von Bertalanffy and Richards models were used and compared. A step-wise linear growth model characterized by two periods of linear growth was also evaluated. This last model has been proposed as the reference model to characterize the growth curves of Belgian Blue cattle less than 20 months old. The animals were then ranked and divided in subgroups based on percentiles and quartiles in order to compare their performances. The subgroups performing better presented a greater homogeneity. The males ranked above the 90th percentile presented a growth rate comparable to that of young males selected for artificial insemination. Cattle ranked above the third quartile presented a growth rate comparable to that of licensed animals. When reproduction performances were related to the growth rate, it appeared that the better growing heifers were bred younger and heavier than lesser performing animals. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth performance and meat quality of stress negative Piétrain pigs in the tropics: the case of Vietnam
Ha Xuan, Bo; Do Duc, Luc ULiege; Moula, Nassim ULiege et al

Poster (2013, October 11)

This study was carried out at the animal farm of Hanoi University of Agriculture, Vietnam to evaluate the growth performance and meat quality of stress negative Piétrain pigs. The study concerns the body ... [more ▼]

This study was carried out at the animal farm of Hanoi University of Agriculture, Vietnam to evaluate the growth performance and meat quality of stress negative Piétrain pigs. The study concerns the body weight (BW) of 116 pigs at 7.5 months of age and the ultrasound measurements on 83 live animals in order to determine backfat thickness, longissimus muscle depth and lean meat percentage (LM). Meat color (C.I.E L*, a* and b*), peak shear force (SF), pH at 24h (pH24) and at 45 minutes (pH45) post mortem were measured on 31 meat samples. Meat chemical composition (dry matter, protein, lipids and ash) was determined on 23 meat samples. All the data were analyzed according to a linear fixed model including gender effect (female and intact males) and Halothane genotype (CC and CT). The interaction between gender and genotype was not observed and therefore it was ignored from the final model. The results show that BW and LM were not significantly different between genotypes (P>0.21) while females were heavier than males (101.11 vs. 93.85 kg, P=0.0011). LM of female and male were respectively 63.27 and 63.56%. Gender and genotype didn’t affect meat quality and chemical composition (P>0.05) except pH24 (P=0.0011), a* (P<0.0001) and lipids (P=0.0012) for gender effect. The pH45 (6.50 and 6.45 for females and males) and pH24 (5.34 and 5.49 for females and males) were in the range corresponding to a normal meat. The obtained results show that stress negative Piétrain pigs have high lean meat percentage and satisfactory meat quality under tropical climatic conditions in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth performance and sperm quality of stress negative Piétrain boars and their hybrids with Duroc
Do Duc, Luc ULiege; Ha Xuan, Bo; Farnir, Frédéric ULiege et al

in Journal of Science and Development (2013), 11(2),

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of genetic background and season on growth performance and semen quality of boars. Five genetic groups were evaluated, including stress-negative Piétrain ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of genetic background and season on growth performance and semen quality of boars. Five genetic groups were evaluated, including stress-negative Piétrain boars with CC (PiCC) or CT (PiCT) halothane genotypes, and Piétrain x Duroc hybrid boars with various compositions (25% (PiDu25), 50% (PiDu50) or 75% (PiDu75) of Piétrain origin). The results showed that genetic group has a significant effect on growth performance and semen quality. The hybrid boars PiDu25, PiDu50 and PiDu75 had better growth rate, but lower lean <br />meat in comparison with pure stress-negative Piétrain, except PiDu75 boars. PiDu25, PiDu50 and PiCC boars demonstrated high semen quality. A season effect was observed on most of semen quality traits of pure stress-negative Piétrain as well as hybrid boars with different genetic constitution. Sperm concentration was lower in Summer and Autumn, higher in Winter and Spring. The Piétrain x Duroc hybrid boars, especially PiDu75 seem to be promising as terminal boars. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth performance of crossbred (Brahman x (Vietnam Yellow xSindhi)) cattle raising in the Red river delta
Nguyen Van Duy, ULiege; Vu Dinh, Ton

in Journal of Animal Husbandry Sciences and Technics (2013), 6(171), 61-68

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See detailGrowth performances, carcass and organs characteristics and economics results of growing indigenous senegal chickens fed diets containing various levels of leuceana leucocephala (Lam.) leaves meal (2011)
Ayssiwede, Simplice; Chrysostome, C.A.A.M.; Zanmenou, J.C. et al

in International Journal of Poultry Sciences (2011), 10(9), 1132-1145

The aim of this study carried out from September to December 2010 was to evaluate the effects of Leuceana leucocephala leaves meal inclusion in the diets on growth performances, carcass and organs ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study carried out from September to December 2010 was to evaluate the effects of Leuceana leucocephala leaves meal inclusion in the diets on growth performances, carcass and organs characteristics and economics results of growing indigenous Senegal chickens. One hundred and four (104) indigenous Senegal chicks of 4 weeks old were randomly allocated into four groups of 26 chicks each with similar body weight. Each group subdivided in two repetitions of 13 birds, corresponded to each of the four (4) dietary treatments LL0, LL7, LL14 and LL21 containing respectively 0, 7, 14 and 21% of Leuceana leaves meal in substitution of groundnut cake meal. During the experiment (5-17th week old), zootechnical parameters of birds and economical data were recorded and analyzed per dietary treatment. At the end of the 13 weeks trial, the final Live Body Weights (LBW) were 864 g, 1166.48 g, 905 g and 887.16 g/bird, the Average Daily Weight Gain (ADWG) were 7.77 g, 10.88 g, 8.15 g and 8.10 g/day, the Daily Feed Intake (DFI) of 39.86 g, 51 g, 40.39 g and 44.75 g/bird and the Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of 7.04, 5.54, 6.27 and 6.80 respectively for birds fed LL0, LL7, LL14 and LL21 diets. The Leuceana leaves meal inclusion in the diets up to 21% had not caused any adverse effect on LBW, ADWG, DFI, FCR, mortality, carcass and organs characteristics in birds compared to their controls. Apart from the dark yellowing of abdominal fat of carcasses from birds fed LL21 diet, significantly better growth performances, feed costs and economic margins were recorded in birds fed LL7 and LL14 diets. Thus, these two dietary treatments were the only most economically profitable (respectively 214 and 48 FCFA/kg carcass of additional profit) compared to the control. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth promotion in broilers by both oxytetracycline and Macleaya cordata extract is based on their anti-inflammatory properties
Khadem, A.; Soler, L.; Everaert, Nadia ULiege et al

in British Journal of Nutrition (2014)

The non-antibiotic anti-inflammatory theory of antimicrobial growth promoters (AGP) predicts that alternatives can be selected by simple in vitro tests. In vitro, the known AGP oxytetracycline (OTC) and a ... [more ▼]

The non-antibiotic anti-inflammatory theory of antimicrobial growth promoters (AGP) predicts that alternatives can be selected by simple in vitro tests. In vitro, the known AGP oxytetracycline (OTC) and a Macleaya cordata extract (MCE) had an anti-inflammatory effect with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 88 and 132 mg/l, respectively. In vivo, chickens received three different concentrations of MCE in drinking-water, OTC in feed and a control. Body weight (BW), feed intake (FI) and gain:feed (G:F) ratio were determined on days 14, 21 and 35. On day 35, body composition was determined. Plasma α1-acid glycoprotein (α1-AG) concentration was measured on days 21 and 35, and the expression of several jejunal inflammatory genes was determined on day 35. OTC-fed chickens showed a significantly higher BW, FI and G:F ratio compared with the control group at all time points. MCE had a significant linear effect on BW on days 21 and 35, and the G:F ratio was improved only over the whole period, whereas FI was not different. Only MCE but not OTC decreased the percentage of abdominal fat. Plasma α1-AG concentration increased from day 21 to 35, with the values being lower in the treatment groups. Both OTC and MCE significantly reduced the jejunal mucosal expression of inducible NO synthase. For most parameters measured, there was a clear linear dose-response to treatment with MCE. In conclusion, the results are consistent with the anti-inflammatory theory of growth promotion in production animals. Copyright © The Authors 2014. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 48 (0 ULiège)
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See detailGrowth rate of bumblebee larvae is related to pollen amino acids
Moerman, R.; Vanderplanck, Maryse ULiege; Roger, N. et al

in Journal of Economic Entomology (2016), 109(1), 25-30

The use of Bombus terrestris L. commercial colonies for outdoor and greenhouse crop pollination is currently widespread. Colony breeding includes bumblebee feeding, mostly by using the honeybee pollen ... [more ▼]

The use of Bombus terrestris L. commercial colonies for outdoor and greenhouse crop pollination is currently widespread. Colony breeding includes bumblebee feeding, mostly by using the honeybee pollen loads of diverse palynological composition. Because the chemical content of pollen is highly variable, the choice of commercial blend should not be random but has to be carefully selected to ensure the optimal development of workers and then pollination efficacy. In this work, we compared the impact of three common commercial blends on the development of bumblebee microcolonies, namely, Actinidia deliciosa L., Cistus sp., and Salix sp. We focus on amino acids (i.e., composition and amount), as they are currently used as an indicator of diet performance. Five parameters were used to determine microcolonies growth rate: 1) number of eggs, 2) number of alive larvae, 3) number of ejected larvae, 4) number of pupae, and 5) total number of offspring. Syrup collection was also monitored to estimate energetic requirement for colony growth. Results revealed that the three commercial blends chemically differed in their amino acid contents, with those displaying higher concentrations (i.e., Salix sp. and A. deliciosa) accelerating microcolony development along with an increase of syrup collection. The advantages of rearing bumblebee commercial colonies using a pollen diet with an optimal amino acid content are discussed. © The Authors 2015. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth rate, carcass performance and meat quality of Ban pigs and crossbred F1(Mong Cai x Ban) pig raised in Hoa Binh province
Nguyen Van Duy, ULiege; Vu Dinh, Ton

in Journal of Sciences and Development (2012), 10(7), 1000-1007

The study was carried out in Doc Lap commune, Ky Son district, Hoa Binh province from 2010 to 2011. The aim of the study was to compare the growth rate, carcass performance and meat quality between ... [more ▼]

The study was carried out in Doc Lap commune, Ky Son district, Hoa Binh province from 2010 to 2011. The aim of the study was to compare the growth rate, carcass performance and meat quality between fattening pigs of local breed (called Ban pig) and F1 crossbred pig (Mong Cai boar × Ban sow). The results showed that over the same period of age, the growth rate of both F1 (MC × B) crossbred and Ban pig were considerably low, and the average daily gain (ADG) of the crossbred (125.30 g) was remakably higher than Ban pig (65.50 g) (P<0.05). Other indicators of meat quality such as percentage of water loss, pH45, pH24 and colour of meat were within normal range of pork. It was clearly shown that using Mong Cai boar crossbred with Ban sow has improved the growth rate and carcass performance of fattening pigs. The crossing formula (Mong Cai boar × Ban sow) was recommended for popular adoption in mountainous areas of Hoa Binh province, where most of Muong communities reside. [less ▲]

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See detailGrowth Regulation of Astrocytes and C6 Cells by Tgfbeta1: Correlation with Gap Junctions
Robe, Pierre ULiege; Rogister, Bernard ULiege; Merville, Marie-Paule ULiege et al

in Neuroreport (2000), 11(13), 2837-41

Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 enhanced in vitro [3H]thymidine incorporation into C6 cells and reduced that of astrocytes in the presence of a high serum concentration. It concomitantly raised the ... [more ▼]

Transforming growth factor (TGF) beta1 enhanced in vitro [3H]thymidine incorporation into C6 cells and reduced that of astrocytes in the presence of a high serum concentration. It concomitantly raised the gap junction intercellular communication (GJIC) in normal astrocytes but reduced the coupling of C6 cells, and respectively increased or decreased the proportion of P2-phosphorylated connexin (Cx) 43 isoform in these cells. Finally, octanol, which inhibited GJIC in both cell types, increased the thymidine incorporation in C6 cells, but neither altered the proliferation of astrocytes nor their response to TGFbeta1. These data indicate that an inhibition of gap junction intercellular communication, due to an altered phosphorylation of connexin 43, may contribute to the proliferative response of C6 glioblastoma cells to TGFbeta1. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULiège)
See detailGrowth tests on media containing drugs
Vandenbol, Micheline ULiege; Portetelle, Daniel ULiege; Hilger, François

Poster (1997)

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See detailGrowth tests on media containing drugs
Vandenbol, Micheline ULiege; Portetelle, Daniel ULiege; Hilger, F.

in Second Eurofan Meeting (1997)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (1 ULiège)
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See detailGrowth velocity of preterm infants - analysis and recommendations
Fenton, Tanis; Hoyaos, Angela; Groh-Wargo, Sharon et al

Conference (2017)

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See detailGrowth velocity of preterm infants - analysis and recommendations
Fenton, Tanis; Hoyos, Angela; Groh-Wargo, Sharon et al

Conference (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 ULiège)
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See detailGrowth, body development and reproduction in Belgian Blue cattle as influenced by management
Evrard, Pierre; de Behr, Vanessa; Raskin, Pascale et al

in Book of abstracts of the 49th annual meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (1998)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULiège)
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See detailGrowth, development and metabolic programming in premature infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULiege

in 8th International Neonatal Conference (2013, February)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULiège)
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See detailGrowth, fluorescence, photosynthetic O-2 production and pigment content of salt adapted cultures of Arthrospira (Spirulina) platensis
Ben Dhiab, R.; Ben Ouada, H.; Boussetta, H. et al

in Journal of Applied Phycology (2007), 19(4), 293-301

The effect of salt concentration (NaCl) on growth, fluorescence, photosynthetic activities and pigment content of the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis has been investigated over 15 days. It has been ... [more ▼]

The effect of salt concentration (NaCl) on growth, fluorescence, photosynthetic activities and pigment content of the cyanobacterium Arthrospira platensis has been investigated over 15 days. It has been observed that high NaCl concentration induces an increase of the growth, photosynthetic efficiency (alpha), phycobilin/chlorophyll ratio and a slight decrease of dark respiration and compensation points. Moreover, high NaCl concentration enhances photosystem II (PSII) activity compared to photosystem I (PSI). Results show that the phycobilin-PSII energy transfer compared to the chlorophyll-PSII (F-695,F-600/F-695,F-440) increases. However, data obtained about the maximal efficiency of PSII photochemistry are controversial. Indeed, the Fv/Fm ratio decreases in salt adapted cultures, while at the same time the trapping flux per PSII reaction center (TR0/RC) and the probability of electron transport beyond QA (Psi(0)) remain unchanged at the level of the donor and the acceptor sites of PSII. This effect can be attributed to the interference of phycobilin fluorescence with Chl a when performing polyphasic transient measurements. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 574 (5 ULiège)
See detailGrowth, milk and meat production with a Belgian Blue x Holstein F1 herd
Gielen, Marc ULiege; Dufrasne, Isabelle ULiege; Hollo, Véronique et al

in Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Meeting of E.A.A.P. (1991)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULiège)