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See detailEffectiveness of the review of individual applications before the European court of Human Rights
Behrendt, Christian ULiege

Conference (2011, November 24)

Paper presented at the Round Table Meeting held at the Constitutional Court of Turkey and organized by the Council of Europe, as part of the "Joint Project of the European Union and the Council of Europe ... [more ▼]

Paper presented at the Round Table Meeting held at the Constitutional Court of Turkey and organized by the Council of Europe, as part of the "Joint Project of the European Union and the Council of Europe on Enhancing the Role of the Supreme Judicial Authorities of Turkey in respect of European standards". [less ▲]

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See detailEFFECTIVENESS OF VOICE THERAPY RELYING ON THE USE OF EUTONY IN THE TRAITEMENT OF DYSPHONIC PATIENTS.
Martinot, Gisèle; Caner, Jessie; Morsomme, Dominique ULiege

Poster (2010, July 15)

Twenty six patients with dysphonia (different etiologies) were submitted to a voice therapy program involving the use of Eutony. In order to assess its efficacy, pre and post-treatment audio recordings ... [more ▼]

Twenty six patients with dysphonia (different etiologies) were submitted to a voice therapy program involving the use of Eutony. In order to assess its efficacy, pre and post-treatment audio recordings were analysed and submitted to perceptual rating using GRBAS-I scale and acoustical analysis of fundamental frequency, jitter and shimmer. Aerodynamic data (Maximum Phonation Time & Estimated Subglottic Pressure) were also included in the voice quality assessment protocol. In addition , a questionnaire was sent to all patients to collect self-evaluation of voice quality and therapy outcomes. The study revealed a significant improvement lasting in time for two acoustic parameters : Jitter and Shimmer and five perceptual parameters : Grade, Roughness, Breath, Asthenia and Strain. Aerodynamic data showed slight improvements but no significant changes. Self evaluation questionnaires also tend to strengthen positive effects of therapy. Thus, this study supports the use of Eutony in vocal therapy for dysphonia. Its effects were shown to be measurable with both acoustical analysis and perceptual rating of voice quality. [less ▲]

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See detailEffectiveness of zoledronic acid in the prevention and treatment of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in men and premenopausal women
Saag, k; Roux, C.; Devogelaer, J. P. et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2010, October), 62(10), 902-903

Detailed reference viewed: 148 (1 ULiège)
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See detailEffectiveness through fairness? Due process as an institutional precondition for effective decentralised EU competition law enforcement
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

in Nihoul, Paul; Skoczny, Tadeusz (Eds.) Procedural fairness in competition proceedings (2015)

This chapter analyses to what extent 'due process' or procedural fairness requirements impact on the institutional organisation of national competition authorities and courts. Analysing recent ... [more ▼]

This chapter analyses to what extent 'due process' or procedural fairness requirements impact on the institutional organisation of national competition authorities and courts. Analysing recent institutional developments, it develops an 'effectiveness through fairness' narrative aimed at structuring and formatting future institutional translations of such procedural fairness requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailEffectiveness through fairness? Due Process as institutional precondition to effective decentralised EU competition law enforcement
Van Cleynenbreugel, Pieter ULiege

Conference (2014, June 27)

In my presentation, I proposed an effectiveness through fairness framework as a way to understand recent modifications in the institutional structure of national competition authorities.

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See detailEffectors of Inflammation in Actinic Prurigo
Arrese, J. E.; Dominguez-Soto, L.; Hojyo-Tomoka, M. T. et al

in Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (2001), 44(6), 957-61

BACKGROUND: Actinic prurigo is a specific familial photodermatosis of uncertain pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate the immunohistologic presentation of actinic prurigo to explore the ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Actinic prurigo is a specific familial photodermatosis of uncertain pathogenesis. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to investigate the immunohistologic presentation of actinic prurigo to explore the involved pathomechanisms. METHODS: The present immunohistochemical study was performed on biopsy specimens from 20 Mexican patients presenting with a severe and perennial form of the disease. RESULTS: The dense inflammatory infiltrate was composed predominantly of helper T type 1 lymphocytes admixed with scattered B-cell lymphoid follicles and numerous dermal dendrocytes. Keratinocytes contained abundant tumor necrosis factor-alpha and calprotectin. CONCLUSION: In subjects genetically predisposed to actinic prurigo, ultraviolet light may trigger excessive tumor necrosis factor-alpha production by keratinocytes whose sustained release in turn exerts its proinflammatory activity and deleterious epidermal effects. Such a cascade of events is in line with the therapeutic benefit already reported when thalidomide is used to treat actinic prurigo. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects caused on the structure by localised fires in large compartments
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULiege; Cajot, Louis-Guy; Schleich, Jean-Baptiste

Conference (1998)

A description is given of the small-scale steadstate tests made by Hasemi in Japan with the aim of measuring the heat flux transmitted by a localised fire to the ceiling or to a beam located above the ... [more ▼]

A description is given of the small-scale steadstate tests made by Hasemi in Japan with the aim of measuring the heat flux transmitted by a localised fire to the ceiling or to a beam located above the fire. The parameters that influence the heat flux have been mentionned and an empirical model has been proposed, allowing the prediction of the heat flux.It is shown here how the model has been applied to full-scale transient fires. The model allows the calculation of the transient temperature in steel beams with a reasonable accuracy. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects de l'entraînement sur la fonction cardio-respiratoire et sur la température rectale chez le poney
Amory, Hélène ULiege; Art, Tatiana ULiege; Lekeux, Pierre ULiege

in Annales de Médecine Vétérinaire (1988), 132

The influence of training on cardiorespiratory and thermoregulatory adaptations to exercise was studied in 2 healthy race ponies (age : 3.5 and 5 years; weight : 270 and 295 kg). Respiratory airflow (V ... [more ▼]

The influence of training on cardiorespiratory and thermoregulatory adaptations to exercise was studied in 2 healthy race ponies (age : 3.5 and 5 years; weight : 270 and 295 kg). Respiratory airflow (V), tidal volume (VT), electrocardiogram and rectal temperature were simultaneously recorded before, during and alter a standardized exercise which consisted of 3 min walking (1.5 m.sec -1), 3 min slow trotting (3.0 m.sec-1) and 3 min fast trotting (3.5 m.sec-1). These parameters were recorded 4 times, i.e. before (test 1), during (test 2 and 3) and 2 weeks alter (test 4) a 4 week-period of training. Respiratory frequency (f), VT, peak inspiratory and expiratory V, minute volume (Ve), heart rate (H.R.) and rectal temperature changes were calculated on the basis of the collected data. For a given workload, Ve was increased and H.R. decreased during test 2 and 3. These adaptations to training persisted alter the 2 week-period of detraining. Neither Ve nor H.R. recoveries were changed during the whole experimental period. On the other hand, f measured both during exercise and recovery was subject to great variations, obviously independent of the state of training. Lastly, the exercise-induced hyperthermia was reduced alter the training period. This thermoregulatory changes was reversed alter detraining. The results of this preliminary study must be taken with cautions because of the small number of animals used. Nevertheless, they suggested that (1) f is a poor indication of the ventilation, (2) measurements of Ve and HR during a standardized exercise may give a good estimation of the fitness of a horse, (3) on the opposite both parameters measured during recovery seemed to be poorly correlated with the state of training. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of MMP inhibition on emphysema development, Inflammation induced by cadmium in rats
Fievez, Laurence ULiege; Kirschvinck, N.; Belleflamme, M. et al

in IUPHAR Congress, Pékin Japon, juillet 2006 (2006)

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See detailEffects of 10Hz and 20Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation on automatic motor control
Cappon, Davide; D'Ostilio, Kevin ULiege; Garraux, Gaëtan ULiege et al

in Brain Stimulation (2016)

Background: Automatic motor inhibition is an important and adaptive process through which an activated motor plan is suppressed if the movement is not intended to be executed. Neuronal networks are ... [more ▼]

Background: Automatic motor inhibition is an important and adaptive process through which an activated motor plan is suppressed if the movement is not intended to be executed. Neuronal networks are characterized by oscillatory activity. In the brain, a large variety of rhythms have been described that differ in their frequency, origin and reactivity to changes in task demands. Recent studies have demonstrated that active cortical networks are susceptible to weak sinusoidal perturbations of exogenous electric fields. Objective/Hypothesis: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency-specific effect of transcranial alternate current stimulation (tACS) over the automatic control of movement in healthy volunteers. We hypothesized that applying two different tACS frequencies during a visuo-motor task would result in different behavioural effects and in diverse modulation of cortical excitability. Methods: In this study we used tACS to interact non-invasively with the ongoing task-related oscillatory activity. Stimulation was delivered at alpha (10 Hz) and beta (20 Hz) frequency over the supplementary motor area and the primary motor cortex (SMA-M1) connections, which are part of the BG-cortical motor loop, during the execution of the subliminal masked prime task. We measured the effects on task performance and on motor cortex corticospinal excitability by means of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Results: Results indicate a specific effect of 10 and 20-Hz tACS on functional inhibition in the SMA-M1 circuit. Behaviorally there is an interference in task-related automatic inhibition: 10 Hz tACS reduced the automatic inhibition. In contrast 20 Hz tACS increased the automatic inhibition. At a neurophysiological level there is a modulation in excitability of M1: 20 Hz tACS reduced MEP amplitudes, whereas there was no change after 10 Hz tACS. Conclusion(s): The current study provides novel evidence that automatic mechanisms of motor behaviour can be modulated by imposing synchronized electrical oscillatory activity upon motor cortical regions. Our study has important implications for cognitive neuroscience studies suggesting that the use tACS might offer the possibility to demonstrate a causal link between endogenous brain oscillations, specific exogenous alternate current frequencies and specific cognitive processes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe effects of 2 levels of energy allowances on growth in captive neonates Testud hermanni boettgeri (Mojsisovic 1889)
Diez, Marianne ULiege; Vanstrazeele, B.; Detilleux, Johann ULiege et al

in Proceedings du 1er congrès méditerranéen d'herpétologie (2007, April)

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See detailEffects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid combined to 6-Benzylaminopurine on callus induction, total phenolic and ascorbic acid production, and antioxidant activities in leaf tissue cultures of Crataegus azarolus L. var. aronia
Chaabani, Ghaya; Tabart, Jessica; Kevers, Claire ULiege et al

in Acta Physiologiae Plantarum (2015), 37

The present research work describes the effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)/6-Benzylamino-purine (BAP) ratio on callus induction, total phenols and ascorbic acid production and antioxidant ... [more ▼]

The present research work describes the effects of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D)/6-Benzylamino-purine (BAP) ratio on callus induction, total phenols and ascorbic acid production and antioxidant activities in leaf-derived calli of Crataegus azarolus (hawthorn). The supplementation of 1.0 mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0 mg/L BAP to MS medium was found to be the most efficient for callus induction (as percentage and fresh weigh). The results of biochemical analysis showed that the highest total phenols contents were obtained in callus cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0 mg/L BAP (52 ± 0.56 mg GAE/g DM) and were significantly lower than those of intact leaves (76 ± 1.72 mg GAE/g DM). However, the highest ascorbic acid contents were found in callus cultured on MS supplemented with 1.0 mg/L 2,4-D and 0.5 mg/L BAP (0.96 ± 0.13 mg AAE/g DM) and these amounts were statistically similar to those found in leaves tissues (0.74 ± 0.07 mg AAE/g DM). Antioxidant activities of callus extracts were determined using two TEAC assays and results showed that extract of callus cultured on MS medium supplemented with 2.0 mg/L 2,4-D and 1.0 mg/L BAP have the greatest antiradical activities against DPPH (124 ± 2.92 mg TE/g DM) and ABTS (0.19 ± 0.02 mg TE/g DM) compared to the leaves of field-grown plant. Thus, the use of high level of 2,4-D over BAP can be suitable to enhance the quality more than the quantity of bioactive compounds in leaf callus culture of hawthorn. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of 3 months of aerobic training on fitness of Parkinson's disease patients
Demonceau, Marie ULiege; rodriguez de la Cruz, carlos; kalimira, kinja et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013)

Objectives.– To assess the effects of an aerobic training for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods.– Fourteen patients with Hoehn & Yahr stage [1] < III of PD were allocated to either 3 months of ... [more ▼]

Objectives.– To assess the effects of an aerobic training for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods.– Fourteen patients with Hoehn & Yahr stage [1] < III of PD were allocated to either 3 months of twice-weekly aerobic training (AT group; n = 8), or a control group (C group; n = 6). AT consisted in progressive stationary bike training between 50 and 70% of peak work load (PWL). Maximal incremental test on a cycloergometer was performed before and after rehabilitation. Anxiety, depression and quality of life were assessed using questionnaires. An Anova for repeated measures was used for statistical analysis. Results.– There was a significant “group by time” effect for peak work load (+21% for patients of AT group vs –9% for people of C group). Heart rate 2 minutes after test completion was also significantly decreased in AT group (post hoc analysis, P < 0.01). Patients of AT group also increased their ratio of predicted VO2 peak (+17%) but in a non-significant way. No significant changes in anxiety, depression or quality of life could be highlighted. Conclusions.– This study showed significant improvement of PWL and faster recovery in patients with PD of the AT. Significant effect on VO2 peak could need a more intense training program. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of 3 months of controlled whole body vibrations with low exposure period on the risk of falls among nursing home residents
Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege; Maquet, Didier ULiege; Mannarino, Mélanie et al

in Proceeding of the meeting (2013, February 22)

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See detailEffects of 3 months of short sessions of controlled whole body vibrations on the risk of falls among nursing home residents
Beaudart, Charlotte ULiege; Maquet, Didier ULiege; Mannarino, Mélanie et al

in BMC Geriatrics (2013), 13(42),

Background: Fatigue, lack of motivation and low compliance can be observed in nursing home residents during the practice of physical activity. Because exercises should not be too vigorous, whole body ... [more ▼]

Background: Fatigue, lack of motivation and low compliance can be observed in nursing home residents during the practice of physical activity. Because exercises should not be too vigorous, whole body vibration could potentially be an effective alternative. The objective of this randomized controlled trial was to assess the impact of 3-month training by whole body vibration on the risk of falls among nursing home residents. Methods: Patients were randomized into two groups: the whole body vibration group which received 3 training sessions every week composed of 5 series of only 15 seconds of vibrations at 30 Hz frequency and a control group with normal daily life for the whole study period. The impact of this training on the risk of falls was assessed blindly by three tests: the Tinetti Test, the Timed Up and Go test and a quantitative evaluation of a 10-second walk performed with a tri-axial accelerometer. Results: 62 subjects (47 women and 15 men; mean age 83.2 ± 7.99 years) were recruited for the study. No significant change in the studied parameters was observed between the treated (n=31) and the control group (n=31) after 3 months of training by controlled whole-body-vibrations. Actually, the Tinetti test increased of + 0.93 ± 3.14 points in the treated group against + 0.88 ± 2.33 points in the control group (p = 0.89 when adjusted). The Timed Up and Go test showed a median evolution of - 1.14 (− 4.75-3.73) seconds in the treated group against + 0.41 (− 3.57- 2.41) seconds in the control group (p = 0.06). For the quantitative evaluation of the walk, no significant change was observed between the treated and the control group in single task as well as in dual task conditions. Conclusions: The whole body vibration training performed with the exposition settings such as those used in this research was feasible but seems to have no impact on the risk of falls among nursing home residents. Further investigations, in which, for example, the exposure parameters would be changed, seem necessary [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of 3-alkylamino-7-chloro-4H-pyrido[2,3-e]-1,2,4-thiadiazine 1,1-dioxides on smooth muscle contractile activity
Ouedraogo, R.; Fontaine, J.; Antoine, M.-H. et al

in Pharmacy and Pharmacology Communications (2000), 6

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See detailEffects of 4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal, a Major Lipid Peroxidation-Derived Aldehyde, and N-Acetylcysteine on the Cyclooxygenase-2 Expression in Human Uterine Myometrium.
Temma-Asano, K.; Tskitishvili, Ekaterine ULiege; Kanagawa, T. et al

in Gynecologic & Obstetric Investigation (2011)

Background: Chorioamnionitis is one of the important causes of preterm labor. Preterm labor with chorioamnionitis is associated with oxidative stress. We reported that 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a major ... [more ▼]

Background: Chorioamnionitis is one of the important causes of preterm labor. Preterm labor with chorioamnionitis is associated with oxidative stress. We reported that 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE), a major end product of oxidative fatty acid metabolism, is accumulated in the placenta with chorioamnionitis. The aim of this study was to confirm the effect of 4-HNE on cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and prostaglandin (PG) induction in the uterine myometrial tissues. We also examined the effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on 4-HNE-induced COX-2 expression. Methods: Uterine myometrial tissues were obtained from 5 patients. One of them underwent elective cesarean section without labor, and 4 of them underwent hysterectomy because of placental previa or atonic bleeding. We stimulated the uterine myometrial tissues with 4-HNE. In addition, the tissues were pretreated with NAC before 4-HNE treatment. The expression of COX-2 mRNA was observed by real-time PCR. PGE2 and prostacyclin release into the supernatants of the tissue cultures was measured by ELISA. Results: 4-HNE induced the COX-2 mRNA expression and PGE2 production in the uterine myometrial tissue culture in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. NAC inhibited 4-HNE-induced COX-2 expression. Conclusion: 4-HNE may play an important role in preterm labor. NAC might be protective against preterm labor under oxidative stress. [less ▲]

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