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See detailDifferential anti-influenza activity among allelic variants at the Sus scrofa Mx1 locus
Palm, Mélanie; Leroy, Michael; Thomas, Anne et al

in Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research (2007), 27(2), 147-155

A promising way to oppose infectious challenges would be to improve the resistance of the target species through genetic selection. Theoretically, a candidate gene is available against influenza viruses ... [more ▼]

A promising way to oppose infectious challenges would be to improve the resistance of the target species through genetic selection. Theoretically, a candidate gene is available against influenza viruses since a resistance trait was fortuitously discovered in the A2G mouse strain. This trait was demonstrated to be correlated with the expression of a specific isoform of the type I interferon (IFN)-dependent protein MX, an isoform coded by a specific allele at the mouse Mx1 locus. Two allelic polymorphisms were described recently in the Sus scrofa homologous gene. In this study, the frequencies and distribution of both alleles were evaluated among European domestic pig and wild boar populations by PCR-RFLP, and the anti-influenza activity conferred by both MX1 isoforms was evaluated in vitro using transfection of Vero cells followed by flow cytometric determination of the fraction of influenza virus-infected cells among MX-producing and MX-nonproducing cell populations. A significant difference in the anti-influenza activity brought by the two MX1 isoforms was demonstrated, which suggests that a significant improvement of innate resistance of pigs by genetic selection might be feasible provided the differences found here in vitro are epidemiologically relevant in vivo. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential antioxidant response between two Symbiodinium species from contrasting environments
Roberty, Stéphane ULiege; Furla, Paola; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULiege

in Plant, Cell & Environment (2016)

High sea surface temperature accompanied by high levels of solar irradiance is responsible for the disruption of the symbiosis between cnidarians and their symbiotic dinoflagellates from the genus ... [more ▼]

High sea surface temperature accompanied by high levels of solar irradiance is responsible for the disruption of the symbiosis between cnidarians and their symbiotic dinoflagellates from the genus Symbiodinium. This phenomenon, known as coral bleaching, is one of the major threats affecting coral reefs around the world. Because an important molecular trigger to bleaching appears related to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), it is critical to understand the function of the antioxidant network of Symbiodinium species. In this study we investigated the response of two Symbiodinium species, from contrasting environments, to a chemically induced oxidative stress. ROS produced during this oxidative burst reduced photosynthesis by 30 to 50% and significantly decreased the activity of superoxide dismutase. Lipid peroxidation levels and carotenoid concentrations, especially diatoxanthin, confirm that these molecules act as antioxidants and contribute to the stabilization of membrane lipids. The comparative analysis between the two Symbiodinium species allowed us to highlight that Symbiodinium sp. clade A temperate was more tolerant to oxidative stress than the tropical S. kawagutii clade F. These differences are very likely a consequence of adaptation to their natural environment, with the temperate species experiencing conditions of temperature and irradiance much more variable and extreme. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential Associations Between Excess Body Weight and Psychiatric Disorders in Men and Women.
Husky, Mathilde M.; Mazure, Carolyn M.; Ruffault, Alexis ULiege et al

in Journal of women's health (2002) (2017)

BACKGROUND: The current investigation is the first large-scale population-based study from France that documents the association between excess body weight and common psychiatric disorders, and examines ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: The current investigation is the first large-scale population-based study from France that documents the association between excess body weight and common psychiatric disorders, and examines the influence of gender on the association between excess body weight and these disorders. A recent plan has been implemented in France to treat the rising rate of those who are overweight or obese, and we seek to demonstrate whether integrated treatment of excess weight and psychiatric conditions appears as indicated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional general population survey of 17,237 adults. Past-year psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview-Short Form. Body mass index was used to determine excess weight status. RESULTS: Overall, 3.7% of the sample were underweight, 57% were normal weight, 28% were overweight (35% of men, 22% of women), and 11% were obese (11% of men, 11% of women). Being overweight was more common in men than women, although obesity did not differ by gender. Sociodemographic variables significantly associated with weight status included, age, marital status, education, employment status, income level, and population density. Adjusting for these variables, being overweight was associated with major depression and other disorders among women and inversely associated with drug abuse and dependence among men. Obesity was associated with major depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, specific phobia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder among women. Only generalized anxiety was associated with obesity among men. CONCLUSION: Past year, mental disorders were more likely associated with being overweight or obese among women as compared with men. The prevalence of these co-occurring psychiatric disorders in the context of the rising rate of obesity in France indicates a clear need for psychiatric assessment and treatment in caring for those with excess weight, especially women. Preliminary reports suggest this need is unmet within the otherwise progressive move in France to assist those struggling with excess weight. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential asteroseismic study of seismic twins observed by CoRoT. Comparison of HD 175272 with HD 181420
Ozel, N.; Mosser, B.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULiege et al

in Astronomy and Astrophysics (2013), 558

Context. The CoRoT short asteroseismic runs give us the opportunity to observe a large variety of late-type stars through their solar-like oscillations. We report the observation and modeling of the F5V ... [more ▼]

Context. The CoRoT short asteroseismic runs give us the opportunity to observe a large variety of late-type stars through their solar-like oscillations. We report the observation and modeling of the F5V star HD 175272. <BR /> Aims: Our aim is to define a method for extracting as much information as possible from a noisy oscillation spectrum. <BR /> Methods: We followed a differential approach that consists of using a well-known star as a reference to characterize another star. We used classical tools such as the envelope autocorrelation function to derive the global seismic parameters of the star. We compared HD 175272 with HD 181420 through a linear approach, because they appear to be asteroseismic twins. <BR /> Results: The comparison with the reference star enables us to substantially enhance the scientific output for HD 175272. First, we determined its global characteristics through a detailed seismic analysis of HD 181420. Second, with our differential approach, we measured the difference of mass, radius and age between HD 175272 and HD 181420. <BR /> Conclusions: We have developed a general method able to derive asteroseismic constraints on a star even in case of low-quality data. This method can be applied to stars with interesting properties but low signal-to-noise ratio oscillation spectrum, such as stars hosting an exoplanet or members of a binary system. The CoRoT space mission, launched on 2006 December 27, was developed and is operated by the CNES, with participation of the Science Programs of ESA, ESAs RSSD, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Germany and Spain. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential c-fos expression in the brain of male Japanese quail following exposure to stimuli that predict or do not predict the arrival of a female
Taziaux, Mélanie ULiege; Lopez, J.; Cornil, Charlotte ULiege et al

in European Journal of Neuroscience (2007), 25(9), 2835-2846

We investigated the effects of presenting a sexual conditioned stimulus on the expression of c-fos in male Japanese quail. Eight brain sites were selected for analysis based on previous reports of c-fos ... [more ▼]

We investigated the effects of presenting a sexual conditioned stimulus on the expression of c-fos in male Japanese quail. Eight brain sites were selected for analysis based on previous reports of c-fos expression in these areas correlated with sexual behaviour or learning. Males received either paired or explicitly unpaired presentations of an arbitrary stimulus and visual access to a female. Nine conditioning trials were conducted, one per day, for each subject. On the day following the ninth trial, subjects were exposed to the conditional stimulus (CS) for 5 min. Conditioning was confirmed by analysis of rhythmic cloacal sphincter movements (RCSM), an appetitive sexual behaviour, made in response to the CS presentation. Subjects in the paired condition performed significantly more RCSM than subjects in the unpaired group. Brains were collected 90 min following the stimulus exposure and stained by immunolhistochemistry for the FOS protein. Significant group differences in the number of FOS-immunoreactive (FOS-ir) cells were found in two brain regions, the nucleus taeniae of the amygdala (TnA) and the hippocampus (Hp). Subjects in the paired condition had fewer FOS-ir cells in both areas than subjects in the unpaired condition. These data provide additional support to the hypothesis that TnA is implicated in the expression of appetitive sexual behaviours in male quail and corroborate numerous previous reports of the involvement of the hippocampus in conditioning. Further, these data suggest that conditioned and unconditioned sexual stimuli activate different brain regions but have similar behavioural consequences. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential cadmium and zinc distribution in relation to their physiological impact in the leaves of the accumulating Zygophyllum fabago L
LEFÈVRE, Isabelle; VOGEL‐MIKUŠ, Katarina; JEROMEL, Luka et al

in Plant, cell & environment (2014), 37(6), 1299-1320

Cadmium and zinc share many similar physiochemical properties, but their compartmentation, complexation and impact on other mineral element distribution in plant tissues may drastically differ. In this ... [more ▼]

Cadmium and zinc share many similar physiochemical properties, but their compartmentation, complexation and impact on other mineral element distribution in plant tissues may drastically differ. In this study, we address the impact of 10-μM Cd or 50-μM Zn treatment on ion distribution in leaves of a metallicolous population of the non-hyperaccumulating species Zygophyllum fabago at tissue and cell level, and the consequences on the plant response through a combined physiological, proteomic and metabolite approach. Micro-proton induced X-ray emission and laser ablation inductively coupled mass spectrometry analyses indicated hot spots of Cd concentrations in the vicinity of vascular bundles in response to Cd treatment, essentially bound to S-containing compounds as revealed by extended X-Ray absorption fine structure and non-protein thiol compounds analyses. A preferential accumulation of Zn occurred in vascular bundle and spongy mesophyll in response to Zn treatment, and was mainly bound to O/N-ligands. Leaf proteomics and physiological status evidenced a protection of photosynthetically active tissues and the maintenance of cell turgor through specific distribution and complexation of toxic ions, reallocation of some essential elements, synthesis of proteins involved in photosynthetic apparatus or C-metabolism, and metabolite synthesis, with some specificities regarding the considered heavy metal treatment. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential changes of fat-soluble vitamins and pollutants during lactation in northern elephant seal mother-pup pairs
Debier, C; Crocker, D.E.; Houser, D.S. et al

in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology (2012), 162(4), 323-330

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See detailDifferential contributions of default and dorsal attention networks to remembering thoughts and external stimuli from real-life events
Stawarczyk, David ULiege; Jeunehomme, Olivier ULiege; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULiege

in Cerebral Cortex (in press)

Episodic memories are typically composed of perceptual information derived from the external environment and representations of internal states (e.g., one’s thoughts during prior episodes). To date ... [more ▼]

Episodic memories are typically composed of perceptual information derived from the external environment and representations of internal states (e.g., one’s thoughts during prior episodes). To date, however, research has mostly focused on the remembrance of external stimuli, such that little is known about how internal mentation is represented within episodic memory. In the present fMRI study, we examined the neural correlates of these two components of episodic memories using a novel method of cuing memories from photographs taken during real-life events. We found that, compared to corresponding semantic memory tasks, memories for internal thoughts and external elements were associated with activity in brain areas supporting episodic recollection. Most importantly, however, the two kinds of memories also showed differential activation in large-scale brain networks: the remembrance of external elements was associated with greater activity in the dorsal attention network, whereas memories of internal thoughts mainly recruited default network areas. These findings shed new light on the representation of internal and external aspects of prior experience within episodic memory. The default network may contribute to the reinstatement of thoughts experienced during past events, whereas the dorsal attention network may support the allocation of attention to visuo-spatial features within episodic memory representations. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential diagnosis and prognosis of tension-type headache
Schoenen, Jean ULiege; Jensen, R.

in Olesen, J.; Goadsby, P.; Ramadan, N. (Eds.) et al The Headaches (2005)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis and prognosis of tension-type headache
Schoenen, Jean ULiege; Jensen, R.

in Olesen, J.; Tfelt-Hansen, P.; Welch, K. M. A. (Eds.) The Headaches (1999)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis and prognosis of tension-type headache
Schoenen, Jean ULiege; Rigmor, Jensen

in Olesen, J.; Goadsby, P.; Ramadan, N. (Eds.) et al The Headaches (2005)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease with PET.
Salmon, Eric ULiege; Sadzot, Bernard ULiege; Maquet, Pierre ULiege et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine : Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine (1994), 35(3), 391-8

PET studies have demonstrated bilateral temporo-parietal hypoperfusion and hypometabolism in probable and definite Alzheimer's disease (AD), a pattern that may help differentiate AD from other dementias ... [more ▼]

PET studies have demonstrated bilateral temporo-parietal hypoperfusion and hypometabolism in probable and definite Alzheimer's disease (AD), a pattern that may help differentiate AD from other dementias. METHODS: To evaluate the diagnostic power of cerebral metabolic distribution patterns for "cortical" degenerative dementias, PET scans obtained from 129 patients referred for differential diagnosis of dementia were analyzed visually. RESULTS: Sixty-five patients had a final clinical diagnosis of probable AD. Ninety-seven percent (97%) of those had abnormal metabolic scans and 94% showed a suggestive pattern of bilateral or unilateral temporo-parietal hypometabolism (with or without frontal involvement). Hypometabolism was unilateral in 23% of patients. Five subjects with a neuropathologically proven diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease had a suggestive metabolic pattern. One of those was an early case with frontal hypometabolism exceeding temporo-parietal involvement. Two patients with Alzheimer's-type dementia had isolated bilateral frontal hypometabolism. CONCLUSIONS: This alternative metabolic pattern may correspond to a non-Alzheimer pathology occurring in 10%-20% of patients suffering from clinically probable Alzheimer's disease. Most of the patients with possible but atypical Alzheimer's-type dementia showed isolated bilateral frontal involvement. This metabolic pattern probably corresponds to different diseases, such as Pick's disease, frontal lobe dementia or progressive subcortical gliosis. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferential diagnosis of bluetongue
Bexiga, R.; Guyot, Hugues ULiege; Saegerman, Claude ULiege

in Bluetongue in northern Europe (2008)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis of cardiac murmurs in horses
Amory, Hélène ULiege

in Proceedings of the 12th Moscow International Veterinary Congress (2004)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis of dementia using functional neuroimaging
Salmon, Eric ULiege; Collette, Fabienne ULiege; Garraux, Gaëtan ULiege

in Jagust, William; D'Esposito, Mark (Eds.) Imaging the aging brain (2009)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis of equine systolic murmurs
Amory, Hélène ULiege

in In the Proceedings of the Voorjaardagen Congress (2008)

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See detailDifferential diagnosis of facial pain
Schoenen, Jean ULiege

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2001), 101(1), 6-9

We will describe the differential diagnosis of primary and secondary facial pains and present illustrative case studies. The diagnosis of facial pain needs a multidisciplinary approach if the clinical ... [more ▼]

We will describe the differential diagnosis of primary and secondary facial pains and present illustrative case studies. The diagnosis of facial pain needs a multidisciplinary approach if the clinical presentation is not pathognomic. While patients with acute facial pain urgently need treatment, those with chronic facial pain need at priority a correct diagnosis. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (2 ULiège)