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See detailDeforestation and soil-loss linked to Bronze and Roman occupations recorded in the Amik Basin (Southern Turkey)
El Ouahabi, Meriam ULiege; Hubert, Aurelia ULiege; Lebeau, Hèlène et al

Conference (2015, July 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 104 (33 ULiège)
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See detailDeforestation and timber production in Congo after implementation of sustainable management policy: A reaction to the article by J.S.Brandt, C. Nolte and A. Agrawal (Land Use Policy 52:15–22)
Karsenty, Alain; Romero, Claudia; Cerutti, Paolo Omar et al

in Land Use Policy (2017), 65

tThis viewpoint paper presents a reaction to the article by Brandt et al. (2016). It highlights the complexitiesinherent to the attribution of deforestation impacts to policy interventions when using ... [more ▼]

tThis viewpoint paper presents a reaction to the article by Brandt et al. (2016). It highlights the complexitiesinherent to the attribution of deforestation impacts to policy interventions when using remote-sensingdata. This critique argues that in the context of the Congo a suite of factors (i.e., population density inparticular) other than those considered by Brandt et al. (e.g., type of forest, distance from roads and mar-kets) play essential roles in determining the fates of forests. It also contends that care is needed whenmaking decisions regarding which units will be included in the comparison group so that contextual fac-tors and on-the-ground information are properly considered (e.g., when logging operations are inactiveor when a concession is used for ‘conservation’ purposes). Finally, it proposes that a focus on an analysisof deforestation rates for a given level of timber production might be a metric that more accurately rep-resents one aspect of the consequences of forest management, which should also consider the appraisalof trade-offs associated with a larger set of social, financial and ecological objectives. [less ▲]

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See detailDeforestation drives functional diversity and fruit quality changes in a tropical tree assemblage
Pessoa, Michaele S.; Hambuckers, Alain ULiege; Benchimol, Maíra et al

in Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution & Systematics (2017), 28(C), 78-86

Functional traits associated with plant-animal interactions are essential for forest functionality, given that a higher diversity of fruit traits is likely to maintain a more diverse assemblage of ... [more ▼]

Functional traits associated with plant-animal interactions are essential for forest functionality, given that a higher diversity of fruit traits is likely to maintain a more diverse assemblage of frugivores and consequently promote the seed dispersal function. Yet, shade-intolerant species tend to persist in human-modified landscapes in the long term, which in turn is expect to reduce fruit trait diversity. Here we evaluate how forest cover at the landscape-scale influences the functional diversity of fruit traits, considering the zoochoric tree community and two regeneration strategies separately (shade-tolerant and shade-intolerant species). We sampled 20 forest remnants in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, located in landscapes with forest cover ranging from 2 to 93%. In each remnant, we established five plots of 25 ×4 m and marked all trees≥5 cm diameter at breast height (DBH). We compared morphological and chemical attributes of fleshy fruits directly related to the attraction of frugivores, and evaluated the similarity of the zoochoric tree assemblage composition along the forest cover gradient, taking into account the two regeneration strategies. We calculated four functional indices (richness, evenness, divergence, and community-level weighted means of trait values) and used either linear models or spatial mixed linear models to evaluate the effects of forest cover on functional diversity. Our main results revealed that forest cover loss has negatively affected fruit functional diversity for the overall zoochoric community. Forest cover loss also affected functional richness and functional evenness for total and shade-tolerant species, and was positively correlated with the content of protein and lipid in fruits of shade-intolerant species. Additionally, sites exhibiting a lower amount of forest cover showed greater compositional similarity among shade-intolerant species but reduced similarity among shade-tolerant species. We conclude that patterns of species reassembly triggered by landscape-scale deforestation decreases the capacity of the remaining forest for provisioning food resources for frugivore assemblages. The maintenance of shade-tolerant species is pivotal in deforested areas, since their fruit quality is not offset by shade-intolerant species. This is particularly important, mainly because shade-intolerant species are those still persisting in disturbed forests; however, their presence will not provide the same food quality supplied by those species lost. [less ▲]

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See detailDeforestation in Central and West Africa: landscape dynamics, anthropogenic effects and ecological consequences.
Barima, Y S S; Djibu, J P; Alongo, S et al

in Daniels, J A (Ed.) Advances in Environmental Research - Volume 7 (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 117 (23 ULiège)
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See detailDéforestation: des niveaux très variables d'un continent à l'autre
Daïnou, Kasso ULiege

Conference (2010, June 02)

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See detailDeformación del espacio: cuestiones de representación y de identidad de Cortázar a la autoficción neofantástica
Licata, Nicolas ULiege

in Agraz Ortiz, Alba; Sánchez-Hernández, Sara (Eds.) Topografías literarias. El espacio en la literatura hispánica de la Edad Media al Siglo XXI (2017)

Detailed reference viewed: 56 (8 ULiège)
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See detailA deformation based blank design method for formed parts
Hammami, Walid ULiege; Padmanabhan, R.; Oliveira, M. C. et al

in International Journal Mechanics and Materials in Design (2009), 5(4), 303-314

Blank design is an important task in sheet metal forming process optimization. The initial blank shape has direct effect on the part quality. This paper presents a deformation based blank design approach ... [more ▼]

Blank design is an important task in sheet metal forming process optimization. The initial blank shape has direct effect on the part quality. This paper presents a deformation based blank design approach to determine the initial blank shape for a formed part. The blank design approach is integrated separately into ABAQUS, and DD3IMP, a research purpose in-house FEA code, to demonstrate its compatibility with any FEA code. The algorithm uses FE results to optimize the blank shape for a part. Deep drawing simulation of a rectangular cup geometry was carried out with an initial blank shape determined empirically. The blank shape was iteratively modified, based on the deformation history, until an optimal blank shape for the part is achieved. The optimal blank shapes predicted by the algorithm using both FEA softwares were similar. Marginal differences in the shape error indicate that the deformation history based push/pull technique can effectively determine an optimal blank shape for a part with any FEA software. For the shape error selected, both procedures estimate the optimal blank shape for the part within five iterations. [less ▲]

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See detailDeformation behavior of weakly segregated block copolymers. 2. Correlation between phase behavior and deformation mechanisms of diblock copolymers
Weidisch, R.; Schreyeck, G.; Ensslen, M. et al

in Macromolecules (2000), 33(15), 5495-5504

The deformation behavior of poly(styrene-b-butyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers, PS-b-PBMA, is studied by high-voltage electron microscopy (HVEM) with an in-situ tensile device. While in the first part ... [more ▼]

The deformation behavior of poly(styrene-b-butyl methacrylate) diblock copolymers, PS-b-PBMA, is studied by high-voltage electron microscopy (HVEM) with an in-situ tensile device. While in the first part the phase behavior of PS-b-PBMA diblock copolymers is investigated via small-angle neutron scattering (SANS), in the second part the deformation behavior depending on composition and molecular weight is discussed. Disordered block copolymers have the same deformation mechanism as the corresponding homopolymers, while microphase-separated block copolymers undergo a cavitation mechanism. At the order−disorder transition, ODT, a transition from crazing to cavitation mechanism is found via HVEM. Moreover, a sharp increase of the diameter of craze fibrils occurs at the ODT, demonstrating that the craze microstructure is strongly influenced by phase behavior. As the incompatibility increases with increasing molecular weight, deformation mechanisms such as diversion and termination of crazes are observed for intermediately segregated block copolymers. The discussed correlation between phase behavior and deformation mechanisms indicates the existence of a unified scheme for deformation behavior of diblock copolymers depending on the strength of segregation, χN. [less ▲]

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See detailDeformation Capacity and Resilience of Reinforced Concrete Structures
Mihaylov, Boyan ULiege

Scientific conference (2011, November 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (5 ULiège)
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See detailDeformation Capacity and Resilience of Structures
Mihaylov, Boyan ULiege

Scientific conference (2013, February 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 108 (6 ULiège)
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See detailDeformation capacity design of stainless steel lipped channel columns
Rossi, Barbara ULiege

Conference (2008, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULiège)
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See detailDeformation capacity design of stainless steel lipped channel columns
Rossi, Barbara ULiege; Rasmussen, Kim J.R.

in European conference on steel and composite structures : Eurosteel2008, Gratz 3-5 September 2008 (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (6 ULiège)
See detailDeformation localisation in continental lithosphere
King, G.C.P.; Tapponnier, P; Armijo, R et al

in EOS (American Geosciences Union abstract) (1997, December), 78

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See detailDeformation measurements by ESPI of the surface of a heated mirror and comparison with numerical model
Languy, Fabian ULiege; Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULiege; Saint-Georges, Philippe et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2017, June 26), 103291M

The manufacture of mirrors for space application is expensive and the requirements on the optical performance increase over years. To achieve higher performance, larger mirrors are manufactured but the ... [more ▼]

The manufacture of mirrors for space application is expensive and the requirements on the optical performance increase over years. To achieve higher performance, larger mirrors are manufactured but the larger the mirror the higher the sensitivity to temperature variation and therefore the higher the degradation of optical performances. To avoid the use of an expensive thermal regulation, we need to develop tools able to predict how optics behaves with thermal constraints. This paper presents the comparison between experimental surface mirror deformation and theoretical results from a multiphysics model. The local displacements of the mirror surface have been measured with the use of electronic speckle pattern interferometry (ESPI) and the deformation itself has been calculated by subtracting the rigid body motion. After validation of the mechanical model, experimental and numerical wave front errors are compared. [less ▲]

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See detailDeformation of P Cygni line profiles by gravitational microlensing effects
Hutsemekers, Damien ULiege

E-print/Working paper (2004)

This short report provides details on the computation of deformations of P Cygni line profiles induced by gravitational microlensing effects, as well as a series of examples. This report supplements the ... [more ▼]

This short report provides details on the computation of deformations of P Cygni line profiles induced by gravitational microlensing effects, as well as a series of examples. This report supplements the results discussed in Hutsemékers et al. (1994). [less ▲]

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See detailDeformation of P Cygni line profiles by gravitational microlensing effects
Hutsemekers, Damien ULiege; Surdej, Jean ULiege; Vandrom, E.

in Kayser, R.; Schramm, T.; Nieser, L. (Eds.) Gravitational Lenses, Lecture Notes in Physics, volume 406 (1992)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULiège)
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See detailThe deformation of the Egersund-Ogna anorthosite massif, south Norway: finite-element modelling of diapirism
Barnichon, Jean-Dominique; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULiege; Hoffer, Benoit et al

in Tectonophysics (1999), 303(1-4), 109-130

This paper aims at testing the mechanical relevance of the petrological model of anorthosite massif diapiric emplacement. The Egersund-Ogna massif (S. Norway) is of particular interest because recent ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at testing the mechanical relevance of the petrological model of anorthosite massif diapiric emplacement. The Egersund-Ogna massif (S. Norway) is of particular interest because recent petrological and geochronological data constrain the initial geometry, emplacement conditions and timing (about 2 m.y.). The formation of this anorthosite massif is in agreement with the classical petrological model, in which accumulation of plagioclase takes place in a deep-seated magma chamber at the crust-mantle limit, from which masses of plagioclase separate and rise through the lower crust up to the final level of emplacement at mid-crustal depths. The Egersund-Ogna massif also displays a foliated inner margin, in which strain ellipsoids have been reconstructed by investigating at 51 sites the deformation of megacrysts of high-alumina orthopyroxene. Based on these petrological data, a model made up of one rigid layer (upper granitic crust) and three viscous layers (lower part of the granitic crust, noritic lower crust and anorthosite) has been built up. The upper crust behaviour is represented by an elastoplastic law and the viscous layers obey elastic-viscoplastic laws with Newtonian viscosity. An inverse density gradient is considered between the lower crust (d = 3.00) and the anorthosite (d = 2.75), the loading consisting only in gravity. The modelling is carried out under axisymmetrical conditions, using the LAGAMINE finite-element code coupled with an automatic re-meshing algorithm designed to deal with large strains in complex structures. The results show that, from a mechanical point of view, the diapirism model is a robust and consistent assumption for the emplacement of anorthosites, because realistic diapir and rim-syncline shapes are obtained. Moreover, the numerically obtained emplacement time (about 2.5 m.y.) is in agreement with the available geochronological data, and the computed strain field is coherent with field measurements, especially regarding the circumferential extension, which becomes the largest extension strain component in the expansion phase. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 129 (10 ULiège)
See detailDeformation pattern at the western tip of the Corinth Rift
Beckers, Arnaud ULiege; Hubert, Aurelia ULiege; Beck, Christian et al

Conference (2012, September)

The Gulf of Corinth in Greece is an active continental rift propagating westward toward the Aegean subduction zone. GPS data shows that deformation rate reaches a maximum of 15 mm/yr at its western tip ... [more ▼]

The Gulf of Corinth in Greece is an active continental rift propagating westward toward the Aegean subduction zone. GPS data shows that deformation rate reaches a maximum of 15 mm/yr at its western tip. The style of extension and strain distribution is well documented offshore in the eastern and central parts of the rift (Bell, 2009). At its most active western extremity, published offshore data is not sufficient to characterize the deformation pattern. High resolution seismic profiles were thus acquired in that region within the framework of the SISCOR project to improve our understanding of fault evolution, seismicity and to be able to construct mechanical models of deformation. Here we investigate the spatio-temporal pattern of the basin subsidence and deposition with sparker data acquired in November 2011. Active faults and correlative time horizons were first mapped. The stratigraphy was then correlated with the eustatic sea-level curve. This sequence stratigraphic interpretation is possible because there are strong glacial-interglacial variations in the depositional environment. In fact lacustrine conditions prevail within the gulf during glacio-eustatic lowstands and are characterized by low amplitudes seismic facies. So synrift sediment isopachs over the last 12 000 and 130 000 yrs could be produced. The interpreted data allow us to: (1) compare deformation pattern at the western tip of the Gulf with the more mature central and eastern part of the Rift; (2) constrain the pattern and the timing of deformation as well as rates of faulting. Reference Bell, R. E., McNeill, L. C., Bull, J. M., Henstock, T. J., Collier, R. E. L., & Leeder, M. R., 2009. Fault architecture, basin structure and evolution of the Gulf of Corinth Rift, central Greece. Basin Research, 21(6), 824-855. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2117.2009.00401.x [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (9 ULiège)