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See detailCrystallization behavior of neutralized and bleached shea butter under dynamic conditions
Gibon, V.; Dijckmans, P.; Blecker, Christophe ULiege et al

Poster (2016, May 01)

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See detailCrystallization behaviour of binary fat blends containing shea stearin as hard fat
Danthine, Sabine ULiege; Delatte, Sophie; Blecker, Christophe ULiege et al

in European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology [=EJLST] (2015), 117

Filling fats are used in bakery and confectionery applications. These fats are made up of complex mixtures of triacylglycerols (TAG). The crystallization, melting behaviour and polymorphic stability of ... [more ▼]

Filling fats are used in bakery and confectionery applications. These fats are made up of complex mixtures of triacylglycerols (TAG). The crystallization, melting behaviour and polymorphic stability of fat blends are determined by the behaviour of the TAGs that they contain. Filling functionalities are influenced by their fat composition but also by the processing conditions used for crystallization. In this study, the crystallization behaviour of fat blends, all based on shea stearin as hard fat (which is high in 1,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl glycerol (SOS)) combined with either sunflower oil, shea olein or rapeseed oil, were investigated by means of pulsed nuclear magnetic resonance (pNMR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Blends containing either 30 or 40% shea stearin combined with one of the soft fats were selected as they met the criteria required for filling fats. Under static isothermal conditions (at 10°C, 15°C or 20°C), a two-step crystallization was observed for those blends, which can be explained by polymorphic transitions from a-form into more stable forms. All the selected blends exhibited different crystallization mechanisms according to theTAGcomposition of the liquid phase and their complementarity with TAG from the solid phase. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallization behaviour of binary fat blends containing shea stearin as hard fat
Danthine, Sabine ULiege; Delatte, S; Blecker, Christophe ULiege et al

Conference (2014, September 15)

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See detailCrystallization history of enriched shergottites from Fe and Mg isotope fractionation in olivine megacrysts
Collinet, Max; Charlier, Bernard ULiege; Namur, Olivier ULiege et al

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2017), 207

Martian meteorites are the only samples available from the surface of Mars. Among them, olivine-phyric shergottites are basalts containing large zoned olivine crystals with highly magnesian cores (Fo ... [more ▼]

Martian meteorites are the only samples available from the surface of Mars. Among them, olivine-phyric shergottites are basalts containing large zoned olivine crystals with highly magnesian cores (Fo 70–85) and rims richer in Fe (Fo 45–60). The Northwest Africa 1068 meteorite is one of the most primitive “enriched” shergottites (high initial 87Sr/86Sr and low initial ε143Nd). It contains olivine crystals as magnesian as Fo 77 and is a major source of information to constrain the composition of the parental melt, the composition and depth of the mantle source, and the cooling and crystallization history of one of the younger magmatic events on Mars (∼180 Ma). In this study, Fe-Mg isotope profiles analyzed in situ by femtosecond-laser ablation MC-ICP-MS are combined with compositional profiles of major and trace elements in olivine megacrysts. The cores of olivine megacrysts are enriched in light Fe isotopes (δ56FeIRMM-14 = −0.6 to −0.9‰) and heavy Mg isotopes (δ26MgDSM-3 = 0–0.2‰) relative to megacryst rims and to the bulk martian isotopic composition (δ56Fe = 0 ± 0.05‰, δ26Mg = −0.27 ± 0.04‰). The flat forsterite profiles of megacryst cores associated with anti-correlated fractionation of Fe-Mg isotopes indicate that these elements have been rehomogenized by diffusion at high temperature. We present a 1-D model of simultaneous diffusion and crystal growth that reproduces the observed element and isotope profiles. The simulation results suggest that the cooling rate during megacryst core crystallization was slow (43 ± 21 °C/year), and consistent with pooling in a deep crustal magma chamber. The megacryst rims then crystallized 1–2 orders of magnitude faster during magma transport toward the shallower site of final emplacement. Megacryst cores had a forsterite content 3.2 ± 1.5 mol% higher than their current composition and some were in equilibrium with the whole-rock composition of NWA 1068 (Fo 80 ± 1.5). NWA 1068 composition is thus close to a primary melt (i.e. in equilibrium with the mantle) from which other enriched shergottites derived. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallization of a genetically engineered water-soluble primary penicillin target enzyme. The high molecular mass PBP2x of Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Charlier, Paulette ULiege; Buisson, G.; Dideberg, O. et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (1993), 232(3), 1007-9

A genetically engineered water-soluble derivative of PBP2x of Streptococcus pneumoniae has been produced, purified and crystallized in a form suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis. The best crystals ... [more ▼]

A genetically engineered water-soluble derivative of PBP2x of Streptococcus pneumoniae has been produced, purified and crystallized in a form suitable for X-ray diffraction analysis. The best crystals have been grown at 15 degrees C, from solutions containing 8% polyethylene glycol 10,000 at pH values ranging from 3.9 to 6.0. These crystals diffract to a resolution of 3.5 A and have a space group P6(1)22 (or enantiomorph) with unit cell dimensions of a = b = 162.2 A, c = 171.8 A, alpha = beta = 90 degrees, gamma = 120 degrees. The molecular mass and cell dimensions suggest that there is one molecule of enzyme per asymmetric unit. The breakdown of a chromogenic cephalosporin derivative diffused into a crystal reveals clearly that the enzyme is active in the crystalline state. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallization of ornithine acetyltransferase from yeast by counter-diffusion and preliminary X-ray study
Maes, D.; Crabeel, M.; Van de Weerdt, Cécile ULiege et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section F-Structural Biology and Crystallization Communications (2006), 62(Part 12), 1294-1297

A study is presented on the crystallization of ornithine acetyltransferase from yeast, which catalyzes the fifth step in microbial arginine synthesis. The use of the counter-diffusion technique removes ... [more ▼]

A study is presented on the crystallization of ornithine acetyltransferase from yeast, which catalyzes the fifth step in microbial arginine synthesis. The use of the counter-diffusion technique removes the disorder present in one dimension in crystals grown by either the batch or hanging-drop techniques. This makes the difference between useless crystals and crystals that allow successful determination of the structure of the protein. The crystals belong to space group P4, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 66.98, c = 427.09 angstrom, and a data set was collected to 2.76 angstrom. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallization of vitreous high-T-c superconducting oxide through laser zone melting method.
Ausloos, Marcel ULiege; Bougrine, Hassan ULiege; Cloots, Rudi ULiege et al

in Institute of Physics Conference Series (1995), 148

We synthesized Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8-y ceramics through the vitreous route. After insertion in epoxy resin, we exposed the materials to a CO2 laser beam. Various intensities and sweeping conditions were examined ... [more ▼]

We synthesized Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8-y ceramics through the vitreous route. After insertion in epoxy resin, we exposed the materials to a CO2 laser beam. Various intensities and sweeping conditions were examined. We observed the samples in high resolution polarized light microscopy and with electron scanning microscopy. Crystallization zones could be detected. A systematic analysis gave the correlation between the behavior of the material and its synthesis conditions. Electrical properties were measured through micro-electrode deposited on the surface at various locations. No superconductivity was found. The optimization of such a process and potential applications will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallization sequence and magma chamber processes in the ferrobasaltic Sept Iles layered intrusion, Canada
Namur, Olivier ULiege; Charlier, Bernard ULiege; Toplis, Michael et al

in Journal of Petrology (2010), 51

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See detailCrystallization, X-ray characterization and selenomethionine phasing of Mlc1p bound to IQ motifs from myosin V
Terrak, Mohammed ULiege; Otterbein, L. R.; Wu, G. et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography (2002), 58(Pt 10 Pt 2), 1882-5

Mlc1p is a calmodulin-like protein from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where it has been identified as a subunit of a class V myosin, Myo2p, and a binding partner of an IQGAP-like protein ... [more ▼]

Mlc1p is a calmodulin-like protein from the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, where it has been identified as a subunit of a class V myosin, Myo2p, and a binding partner of an IQGAP-like protein, Iqg1p. Through its interactions with these two proteins, Mlc1p plays a role in polarized growth and cytokinesis. Mlc1p has been crystallized in complexes with four different IQ target motifs from the neck region of Myo2p: IQ2, IQ3, IQ4 and IQ2-IQ3 (referred to as IQ2,3). Electron-density maps for two of the complexes (Mlc1p-IQ4 and Mlc1p-IQ2,3) were obtained from multiple anomalous dispersion (MAD) experiments based on selenomethionine derivatives. The other two structures (Mlc1p-IQ2 and Mlc1p-IQ3) were determined by molecular replacement using the partially refined structure of Mlc1p-IQ2,3 as a search model. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallographic analysis of family 11 endo-beta-1,4-xylanase Xyl1 from Streptomyces sp. S38.
Wouters, J.; Georis, J.; Engher, D. et al

in Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography (2001), 57(Pt 12), 1813-9

Family 11 endo-beta-1,4-xylanases degrade xylan, the main constituent of plant hemicelluloses, and have many potential uses in biotechnology. The structure of Xyl1, a family 11 endo-xylanase from ... [more ▼]

Family 11 endo-beta-1,4-xylanases degrade xylan, the main constituent of plant hemicelluloses, and have many potential uses in biotechnology. The structure of Xyl1, a family 11 endo-xylanase from Streptomyces sp. S38, has been solved. The protein crystallized from ammonium sulfate in the trigonal space group P321, with unit-cell parameters a = b = 71.49, c = 130.30 A, gamma = 120.0 degrees. The structure was solved at 2.0 A by X-ray crystallography using the molecular-replacement method and refined to a final R factor of 18.5% (R(free) = 26.9%). Xyl1 has the overall fold characteristic of family 11 xylanases, with two highly twisted beta-sheets defining a long cleft containing the two catalytic residues Glu87 and Glu177. [less ▲]

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See detailThe crystallographic and petrogenetic significance of pegmatite phosphates.
Hatert, Frédéric ULiege

in American Mineralogist (2014), 99

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See detailCrystallographic data for a penicillin receptor : exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61
Knox, James R.; DeLucia, Mary L.; Murthy, N. S. et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (1979), 127(2), 217-218

A pencillin-sensitive enzyme, the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61, has been crystallized from polyethylene glycol (Mr = 6000 to 7500) solution at pH 7•6. X-ray ... [more ▼]

A pencillin-sensitive enzyme, the exocellular DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase from Streptomyces R61, has been crystallized from polyethylene glycol (Mr = 6000 to 7500) solution at pH 7•6. X-ray examination of the orthorhombic crystals shows the space group is P212121, with unit cell dimensions a = 51•1 Å, B = 67•4 Å, and C = 102•9 Å. With four molecules of molecular weight 38,000, the Å3/dalton ratio for the cell is 2•33. The crystals are stable to irradiation for 75 hours and are suitable for structure analysis to at least 2•4 Å resolution. The radius of gyration of the molecule in solution at pH 6.8 is 20.8 Å. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallographic data for the beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae P99.
Charlier, Paulette ULiege; Dideberg, O.; Frère, Jean-Marie ULiege et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (1983), 171(2), 237-8

The beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae P99 has been crystallized from polyethylene glycol solution at pH 7. X-ray examination of the orthorhombic crystals shows the space group is P2(1)2(1)2 with ... [more ▼]

The beta-lactamase from Enterobacter cloacae P99 has been crystallized from polyethylene glycol solution at pH 7. X-ray examination of the orthorhombic crystals shows the space group is P2(1)2(1)2 with unit cell dimensions a = 77.4 A, b = 69.4 A, and c = 63.6 A. There is one molecule of molecular weight 39,000 in the asymmetric unit. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallographic data for the DD-carboxypeptidase-endopeptidase of low penicillin sensitivity excreted by Streptomyces albus g
Dideberg, Otto; Frère, Jean-Marie ULiege; Ghuysen, Jean-Marie ULiege

in Journal of Molecular Biology (1979), 129(4), 677-679

The DD-carboxypeptidase-endopeptidase of low penicillin sensitivity that is excreted by Streptomyces albus G has been crystallized from a polyethylene glycol (Mr 6000 to 7500) solution at pH 8.0. X-ray ... [more ▼]

The DD-carboxypeptidase-endopeptidase of low penicillin sensitivity that is excreted by Streptomyces albus G has been crystallized from a polyethylene glycol (Mr 6000 to 7500) solution at pH 8.0. X-ray examination of the prismatic crystals shows that the space group is P21 with unit cell dimensions a = 51.1 Å, B = 49.7 Å, C = 38.7 Å, β = 100.6 ° and one molecule in the asymmetric unit. A crystal suspension made in 50 mM -Tris • HCl buffer (pH 8.0) supplemented with 5 mM-MgCl2 and 16% (w/v) polyethylene glycol exhibits enzyme activity on the substrate Ac2-L-Lys-D-Ala-D-Ala. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallographic mapping of β-lactams bound to a D-alanyl-D-alanine peptidase target enzyme
Kelly, Judith A.; Knox, James R.; Zhao, Haiching C. et al

in Journal of Molecular Biology (1989), 209(2), 281-295

X-ray crystallography has been used to examine the binding of three members of the beta-lactam family of antibiotics to the D-alanyl-D-alanine peptidase from Streptomyces R61, a target of penicillins ... [more ▼]

X-ray crystallography has been used to examine the binding of three members of the beta-lactam family of antibiotics to the D-alanyl-D-alanine peptidase from Streptomyces R61, a target of penicillins. Cephalosporin C, the monobactam analog of penicillin G and (2,3)-alpha-methylene benzylpenicillin have been mapped at 2.3 A resolution in the form of acyl-enzyme complexes bound to serine 62. On the basis of the positions of these inhibitors, the binding of a tripeptide substrate for the enzyme, L-lysyl-D-alanyl-D-alanine, has been modeled in the active site. The binding of both inhibitors and substrate is facilitated by hydrogen-bonding interactions with a conserved beta-strand (297-303), which is antiparallel to the beta-lactam's acylamide linkage or the substrate's peptide bond. The active site is similar to that in beta-lactamases. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystallographic studies of low penicillin-sensitive enzyme excreted by Streptomyces albus G [proceedings]
Dideberg, O.; Charlier, Paulette ULiege

in Archives Internationales de Physiologie et de Biochimie (1979), 87(5), 1045

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See detailCrystallographically amorphous ferrimagnetic alloys: Comparing a localized atomistic spin model with experiments
Ostler, Thomas ULiege; Evans, Richard F. L.; Chantrell, Roy W. et al

in PHYSICAL REVIEW B (2011), 84(2),

We present a computational model of crystallographically amorphous ferrimagnetic alloys using a stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation of motion for atomistic spins and an atomistic spin Hamiltonian ... [more ▼]

We present a computational model of crystallographically amorphous ferrimagnetic alloys using a stochastic Landau-Lifshitz-Gilbert equation of motion for atomistic spins and an atomistic spin Hamiltonian with Heisenberg exchange. The spontaneous equilibrium magnetization is calculated and a comparison with a mean field model is made. The simulations show excellent agreement with experiments on GdFeCo using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism to determine the individual sublattice magnetizations. The calculated temperature dependence of the magnetization shows a polarization of the Gd sublattice leading to a common Curie temperature, in agreement with the experimental data. The intersublattice exchange is shown to be an important energy transfer channel for ultrafast dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailThe CSDP Olympiad from a Scientific Point of View
Paile, Sylvain ULiege

in Zambas, Symeon (Ed.) The 1st Common Security and Defence Policy Olympiad (2013)

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See detailCSL TV chambers Updating
Grodent, Christophe ULiege; franco

Conference (2006)

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See detailCSR analysis of plant functional types in highly diverse tropical grasslands of harsh environments
Negreiros, Daniel; Le Stradic, Soizig ULiege; Fernandes, Geraldo Wilson et al

in Plant Ecology (2014), 215

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