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See detailCREATING PERENNIAL FLOWER STRIPS: THINK FUNCTIONAL!
Uyttenbroeck, Roel ULiege; Hatt, Séverin ULiege; Piqueray, Julien et al

in Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia (2015), 6

In last decades, farmland biodiversity came under large threat. To counteract farmland biodiversity loss and other environmental impacts of intensive agriculture, European farmers can apply Agri ... [more ▼]

In last decades, farmland biodiversity came under large threat. To counteract farmland biodiversity loss and other environmental impacts of intensive agriculture, European farmers can apply Agri-environmental schemes. One of these is the creation of flower strips, a part of the cropping field where flowers are sown or naturally settled. Flower strips are known to increase biodiversity in the agricultural landscape, notably attracting specific insects groups, such as pollinators and natural enemies that can provide valuable pollination and biocontrol services to the crop. However, the plant species composition and management of the strips can have a large influence on the identity and amount of useful insects present in the strips, suggesting the need to develop tailored flower strips to maximize the services delivered. Functional diversity (FD) is sometimes proposed as a promising approach, focusing on plant functional traits rather than plant species itself. Yet, it is not certain that sowing a set of plant species results in the desired vegetation with the desired functional trait composition. Species from soil seed bank or dispersing from neighboring vegetation can settle in the strip, while sown species might not always be equally adapted to local conditions. To test this, we developed seed mixtures with four different levels of FD, based on flower traits, and sew them as flower strips in a conventional arable field. We monitored the vegetation to calculate the FD of the realized vegetation. While the absolute FD values of the realized vegetation were lower than the expected FD values, the realized vegetation showed the same FD gradient as expected from the sown mixtures, indicating that it is possible to manipulate FD in flower strips. [less ▲]

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See detailCreating undocumented EU migrants through welfare: The case of Belgium
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULiege; Mescoli, Elsa ULiege

Conference (2016, September)

In the dual context of increased Central and Eastern European migration and of the global financial and economic crisis, several Northern European Member States have implemented (or debated) reforms of ... [more ▼]

In the dual context of increased Central and Eastern European migration and of the global financial and economic crisis, several Northern European Member States have implemented (or debated) reforms of their welfare regimes to restrict access to migrants coming from other EU Member States. As the debates on the so-called “welfare tourism” are intensifying in different parts of the EU, we can observe a growing trend among Member States to use welfare policies as instruments to limit the mobility of certain EU migrants. This stance is best illustrated with Prime Minister Cameron’s demand for four-year ban on EU migrants claiming in-work benefits. In Belgium, too, EU citizens have been particularly affected by this adverse context as the Migration Office (Office des Etrangers) has intensified controls against EU residents receiving welfare benefits. With this policy, authorities have been using a restrictive interpretation of the European Directive 2004/38 that allows Member States to remove residence permits from EU citizens who represent an “unreasonable burden on state finances”. As a consequence, the number of EU citizens expelled from Belgium on a yearly basis has jumped from 343 to 2,042 between 2010 and 2014. In this paper, we propose to focus on those EU citizens who see their freedom of circulation in the EU restricted after claiming social protection in their country of residence. Relying on fieldwork conducted with Italian and Romanian migrants who experienced the removal of their residence permit, we discuss the different resilience strategies of those EU citizens faced with the legal obligation to leave: such strategies include returning to the homeland, refusing to leave, mobilizing the support of migrant organizations, introducing individual appeals, and seeking to regularize their administrative status. In particular, we shall focus on the experience of EU migrants who have decided to stay in Belgium and experience the status of an undocumented EU migrant. This peculiarity of this status is visible in three respects: 1) expulsion is not enforced by local authorities, 2) migrants continue to be able to circulate between their homeland and the country where they no longer have a residence permit, and 3) they have a possibility to regularize their status if they can demonstrate to municipal authorities that they no longer represent “a burden” on Belgium’s public finances. Overall, confronting our data to the rich literature on undocumented third country nationals, we discuss the limits of EU citizenship as experienced by those who are denied the right to free movement. This paper relies primarily on multi-sited ethnographic fieldwork (in progress) conducted with Italian and Romanian migrants in Brussels and with individuals of the same nationality who decided to leave Belgium and return to their home country after the removal of their residence permit. Additional fieldwork includes semi-directed interviews with civil society organizations, trade unions, and consular authorities. The data collection process started in May 2014 and is expected to be finished in May 2016. [less ▲]

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See detailCreatinine - or cystatin C - based equations to estimate glomerular filtration in the general population: impact on the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease
DELANAYE, Pierre ULiege; CAVALIER, Etienne ULiege; Moranne, Olivier et al

in BMC Nephrology (2013), 14

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major issue in public health. Its prevalence has been calculated using estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the creatinine-based equations developed in the ... [more ▼]

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major issue in public health. Its prevalence has been calculated using estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) by the creatinine-based equations developed in the Modified Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) study. Recently, new equations based either on cystatin C (CKD-EPI Cys) or both cystatin and creatinine (CKD-EPI mix) have been proposed by the CKD-EPI consortium. The aim of this study was to measure the difference in the prevalence of stage 3 CKD, defined as an estimated GFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2, in a population using these four equations. METHODS: CKD screening was performed in the Province of Liege, Belgium. On a voluntary basis, people aged over 50 years have been screened. GFR was estimated by the four equations. Stage 3 CKD was defined as a GFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. RESULTS: The population screened consisted of 4189 people (47% were men, mean age 63 +/- 7y). Their mean serum creatinine and plasma cystatin C levels were 0.88 +/- 0.21 mg/dL and 0.85 +/- 0.17 mg/L, respectively. The prevalence of CKD in this population using the MDRD, the CKD-EPI, the CKD-EPI Cys and the CKD-EPI mix equations was 13%, 9.8%, 4.7% and 5%, respectively. The prevalence of CKD was significantly higher with the creatinine-based (MDRD and the CKD-EPI) equations compared to the new cystatin C-based equations. CONCLUSIONS: Prevalence of CKD varies strongly depending on the method used to estimate GFR. Such discrepancies are of importance and must be confirmed and explained by additional studies, notably by studies using GFR measured with a reference method [less ▲]

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See detailLa creatinine : d'hier a aujourd'hui.
Delanaye, Pierre ULiege; Cavalier, Etienne ULiege; Maillard, Nicolas et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(5), 531-43

Serum creatinine is certainly one of the most prescribed biological parameters. In this review article, we remind some historical data regarding creatinine. Different methodologies to measure creatinine ... [more ▼]

Serum creatinine is certainly one of the most prescribed biological parameters. In this review article, we remind some historical data regarding creatinine. Different methodologies to measure creatinine in blood and urine are deeply described. We also discuss the physiological reason for its use as a glomerular filtration rate marker. However, analytical and physiological limitations are described and discussed. Creatinine clearance usefulness is finally largely discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCreatinine and/or cystatin C-based GFR estimation in HIV-infected patients
Gagneux-Brunon, A; DELANAYE, Pierre ULiege; Delavenne, X et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailCreatinine and/or cystatin C-based GFR estimation in HIV-infected patients.
Gagneux-Brunon, A; DELANAYE, Pierre ULiege; Fresard, A et al

Poster (2012)

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See detailCreatinine calibration in NHANES: is a revised MDRD study formula needed?
Delanaye, Pierre ULiege; Cavalier, Etienne ULiege; Maillard, Nicolas et al

in American Journal of Kidney Diseases (2008), 51(4), 709709-10

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See detailCreatinine-based equations for the adjustment of drug dosage in an obese population.
BOUQUEGNEAU, Antoine ULiege; Vidal-Petiot, E; Moranne, O et al

in British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology (2016), 81(2), 349-361

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See detailCreatinine-based formulae for the estimation of glomerular filtration rate in heart transplant recipients
Delanaye, Pierre ULiege; Nellessen, Eric ULiege; Grosch, Stéphanie ULiege et al

in Clinical Transplantation (2006), 20(5, Sep-Oct), 596-603

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a common complication in heart transplant patients. Serum creatinine has clear limitations for the detection and estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Various ... [more ▼]

Chronic renal failure (CRF) is a common complication in heart transplant patients. Serum creatinine has clear limitations for the detection and estimation of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Various creatinine-based formulae are classically used for GFR estimation, but little scientific evidence exists for such use in a heart transplant population. GFR was measured using the plasmatic clearance of the glomerular tracer Cr-51-EDTA in 27 heart transplant patients with two measures for 22 of the patients. Forty-nine measures were thus available for analysis. The precision and accuracy (Bland and Altman analysis) of the Cockcroft, simplified Modified Diet in Renal Diseases (MDRD) and new Mayo Clinic formulae were compared. The mean GFR of the population was 39 +/- 15 mL/min/1.73 m(2). All formulae were well correlated with the GFR. With the Bland and Altman analysis, the accuracy of the MDRD formula appeared higher than that of the Cockcroft or the Mayo Clinic formulae (bias of +12 mL/min/1.73 m(2), vs. +19.9 mL/min/1.73 m(2), and +22.1 mL/min/1.73 m(2), respectively). The difference between the estimated and measured GFR was higher than 20 mL/min/1.73 m(2) in 51% and 55% cases when using the Cockcroft and the Mayo Clinic formulae respectively, whereas the difference was only noted in 14% cases when the MDRD was used. Among creatinine-based formulae, the MDRD appears the most precise and accurate for estimating the GFR in heart transplant patients. However, when the GFR must be measured with high accuracy, we recommend the use of a reference method like inulin or Cr-51-EDTA plasma clearance techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailCreatinine-based GFR estimating equations in kidney transplant recipients
DELANAYE, Pierre ULiege

in American Journal of Kidney Diseases (2014), 64(5), 818

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See detailCreatinine: Production, Physiology and Diagnostic Use in Kidney Diseases
DELANAYE, Pierre ULiege; Vidal-Petiot, Emmanuelle; Flamant, Martin

in Perkins (Ed.) Creatinine: Production, Diagnostic Uses and role in Renal Disease (2012)

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See detailLa création artistique comme vecteur d'émancipation sociale pour les malades mentaux
Vandeninden, Elise ULiege

in Cultures-Kairós (2013), 2

L’utilisation de l’art à des fins d’émancipation sociale s’inscrit au cœur des pratiques art-thérapeutiques telles que nous les avons étudiées dans notre thèse de doctorat . C’est plus précisément à ... [more ▼]

L’utilisation de l’art à des fins d’émancipation sociale s’inscrit au cœur des pratiques art-thérapeutiques telles que nous les avons étudiées dans notre thèse de doctorat . C’est plus précisément à travers l’exposition des œuvres des malades mentaux que se dessinent les projets de réinsertion sociale par la pratique artistique : en exposant les créations, en faisant découvrir les œuvres des patients au grand public, les art-thérapeutes espèrent amenuiser le fossé qui sépare l'hopital psychiatrique du monde « normal». Est-ce que l'expression artistique permet de percevoir autrement la maladie? Est-ce que l'exposition de ses créations offre au patient la possibilité d'être perçu comme artiste ? Le monde de l'art réputé ouvert à la marginalité serait-il une voie possible pour sa réinsertion? Ce sont ces interrogations qu’il va s’agir de discuter à la lumière de notre enquête auprès d’art-thérapeutes belges. [less ▲]

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See detailLa création artistique et culturelle dans la Communauté française de Belgique
Duchesne, Jean-Patrick ULiege

in Cahiers du C.A.C.E.F. (1986), 124-125

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See detailLa Création au féminin (arts plastiques), Table ronde.
Strivay, Lucienne ULiege

Scientific conference (2005, March 15)

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See detailLa création chez Nietzsche et Castoriadis – perspectives politiques
Van Caillie, Céline ULiege

Master's dissertation (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 167 (3 ULiège)
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See detailLa création comme (seule) identité
Brausch, Géraldine ULiege

in Espace de Libertés : Magazine du Centre d'Action Laïque (2005), 334

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See detailLa création d’activités par les femmes: freins et leviers
Cornet, Annie ULiege

Conference given outside the academic context (2012)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (4 ULiège)