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See detailCritical assessment of diabetic xerosis.
PIERARD, Gérald ULiege; Franchimont, Claudine ULiege; Scheen, André ULiege

in Expert Opinion on Medical Diagnostics (2013), 7(2), 201-7

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is commonly responsible for skin changes including discrete to mild xerosis. Areas covered: This review focuses on some selected relevant bioinstrumental methods assessing ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is commonly responsible for skin changes including discrete to mild xerosis. Areas covered: This review focuses on some selected relevant bioinstrumental methods assessing diabetes xerosis. Peer-reviewed articles on objective non-invasive methods were scrutinized. The reviewed methods address i) the xerosis severity grading scale, ii) corneodynamics referring to the desquamation rate, iii) electrometric assessment of skin hydration including skin capacitance mapping and iv) implication of the imperceptible perspiration. The subjective clinical assessment often fails to disclose diabetic xerosis with confidence and precision. By contrast, a multipronged biometrological approach identifies a cluster of diabetic patients who experience alterations in the structural and functional maturation of the stratum corneum. Expert opinion: A multipronged biometrological approach helps identifying the changes in the stratum corneum of diabetic xerosis. There is a continuum between the 'dry skin' feeling, xerosis and ichthyosiform presentations, particularly on the shins and feet of diabetic patients. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (3 ULiège)
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See detailA Critical Assessment of Pulmonary Function Testing in Exercising Ponies
Art, Tatiana ULiege; Lekeux, Pierre ULiege

in Veterinary Research Communications (1988), 12(1), 25-39

Pulmonary function measurements during exercise were tested for accuracy and reproducibility in 5 saddle ponies weighing 267 +/- 9 Kg. Airflow (V) and tidal volume (VT) were measured with a Fleisch ... [more ▼]

Pulmonary function measurements during exercise were tested for accuracy and reproducibility in 5 saddle ponies weighing 267 +/- 9 Kg. Airflow (V) and tidal volume (VT) were measured with a Fleisch pneumotachograph mounted on a face mask. The linearity of the response and the symmetry of this device were carefully checked. Pleural pressure changes were measured by pleural puncture (Ppl) and with an esophageal balloon catheter (Pes). The elastance of the esophageal wall and the effect of the position of the esophageal catheter tip on Pes were also investigated. Airflow, VT, Ppl, Pes, mask pressure, an electrocardiogram and limb movements were simultaneously recorded before, during and after exercise. These recordings were used to assess the validity of some pulmonary function measurements and to evaluate the influence of the breathing apparatus on the respiratory pattern. Maximal intrathoracic pressure changes and total pulmonary resistance values did not differ significantly when calculated on the basis of the Ppl and the Pes curves respectively. Although the absolute Ppl values were significantly different from the absolute Pes values, both pressures recorded at different workloads were closely correlated (R = 0.99). The mean specific elastance of the esophagus was 1.56 +/- 0.24 kPa.cm.ml.-1. Changes in the position of the esophageal catheter tip induced significant differences in the recorded Pes values. The pressure/flow relationship of the pneumotachograph pressure transducer system was linear within the range of the V measured during exercise. The mask had a significant influence on respiratory frequency and maximum difference in Pes, but did not modify the exercise-induced changes in these parameters. It was concluded that the technique and methods used in this study can allow accurate pulmonary function measurements in exercising ponies. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical behavior at depinning of driven disordered vortex matter in 2H-NbS 2
Shaw, Gorky ULiege; Mandal, P.; Banerjee, S. S. et al

in Physical Review. B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (2012), 85(17), 174517

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULiège)
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See detailCritical closure in the canine pulmonary vasculature : effects of endotoxin insult
D'Orio, Vincenzo ULiege; FATEMI, M; MENDES, P et al

in American Review of Respiratory Disease (1991), 143

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See detailA critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne IV spectrum
Kramida, A. E.; Bastin, Thierry ULiege; Biémont, Emile ULiege et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (1999), 7

Since Moore published her well-known tables of atomic and ionic energy levels (in 1949-1951), the number of observed lines of the light atoms and their ions has grown signifi cantly. The lack of complete ... [more ▼]

Since Moore published her well-known tables of atomic and ionic energy levels (in 1949-1951), the number of observed lines of the light atoms and their ions has grown signifi cantly. The lack of complete and consistent up-to-date tables of spectral lines and energy levels, particularly of the neon-ions spectra, notably reduces possibilities of interpretation of astrophysical and laboratory spectra. In the present paper, all optical spectral lines of Ne IV observed in 24 previous works have been systematised together with recent observations made by means of the beam-foil method at Liège University. As a result of our extended analysis of the whole set of available data, 35 new energy levels have been found and 90 newly classi ed spectral lines have been listed for the Ne IV spectrum, only a few of them having been reported previously. A complete table of observed and classi ed spectral lines has been built, and the list of optimised energy levels has been derived from it in a consistent way. A new, improved, ionisation potential of Ne IV has been deduced from the experimental data. [less ▲]

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See detailA critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne V spectrum
Kramida, A. E.; Bastin, Thierry ULiege; Biémont, Emile ULiege et al

in European Physical Journal D -- Atoms, Molecules, Clusters & Optical Physics (1999), 7

Previous works devoted to the Ne V spectrum are very fragmentary and yield a rather controversial picture of this ion. A lot of unidentifi ed lines are still reported in these multiple studies. In the ... [more ▼]

Previous works devoted to the Ne V spectrum are very fragmentary and yield a rather controversial picture of this ion. A lot of unidentifi ed lines are still reported in these multiple studies. In the present paper, Hartree-Fock calculations and least-squares fi ts over the whole set of the available data (including the most recent ones) have been performed. As a result, a comprehensive view of the Ne V spectrum is presented. 10 new energy levels and 40 newly classi fied lines are proposed. An improved value of the ionisation potential of Ne V is also proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailA critical cysteine residue of bovine leukemia virus SU protein interacts with zinc and plays a role in viral infectivity.
GATOT, Jean-Stéphane ULiege; Kerkhofs, Pierre; Burny, Arsène et al

in The 2001 meeting on Retroviruses. (2001, May)

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See detailCritical evaluation of promising markers for sarcopenia
CAVALIER, Etienne ULiege; GADISSEUR, Romy ULiege; GEBOES, Séverine ULiege et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 49-50

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (19 ULiège)
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See detailCritical evaluation of serum uric acid levels in acute myocardial infarction.
Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULiege; Albert, Adelin ULiege; Boland, Jean et al

in Clinica Chimica Acta (1982), 121(2), 147-157

Serial measurements of serum uric acid were performed on patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction. Nearly 80 percent of the cases demonstrated a fall in uric acid concentrations during the ... [more ▼]

Serial measurements of serum uric acid were performed on patients suffering from acute myocardial infarction. Nearly 80 percent of the cases demonstrated a fall in uric acid concentrations during the first two days of hospitalization and a subsequent return to initial levels within six to eight days. There was a relationship between the decrease in uric acid levels and the serum lactate dehydrogenase activity. No evidence could be found that male patients were hyperuricemic as compared to control subjects. However, female patients between 40 and 60 years of age demonstrated significantly higher uric acid levels than healthy women of corresponding ages, even after adjustment for diuretic use. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical Evaluation of the DNA-methyl Green Assay: Application to Some Indole Alkaloids
Bonjean, K.; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULiege; Bassleer, R. et al

in Phytotherapy Research (1996), 10

A DNA-methyl green colorimetric microassay for the detection of agents that interact with DNA was assessed with reference molecules (doxorubicin, ellipticine, melinonine F, dihydroflavopereirine, cis-Pt ... [more ▼]

A DNA-methyl green colorimetric microassay for the detection of agents that interact with DNA was assessed with reference molecules (doxorubicin, ellipticine, melinonine F, dihydroflavopereirine, cis-Pt, mitomycin C, emetine or colchicine). This test showed some promise as a screening technique for substances that intercalate partly or totally into the DNA helix but it is not suitable for substances that bind covalently to DNA. An application of this test to a number of indole alkaloids was also performed. Cryptolepine, serpentine, alstonine and matadine induced a reduction of the colour of the solution, so indicating an interaction with DNA. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical field enhancement in hybrid superconductor/ferromagnet mesoscopic disks
Schildermans, N.; Silhanek, Alejandro ULiege; Sautner, J. et al

in Journal of Applied Physics (2009), 105(2),

We investigated experimentally the nucleation of superconductivity in a mesoscopic hybrid structure, consisting of a thin superconducting disk covered with a ferromagnetic layer with an in-plane magnetic ... [more ▼]

We investigated experimentally the nucleation of superconductivity in a mesoscopic hybrid structure, consisting of a thin superconducting disk covered with a ferromagnetic layer with an in-plane magnetic moment. By applying a magnetic field in the plane of the structure, the remanent magnetic state of the ferromagnet can be switched from a flux-closure state where field lines are confined inside the ferromagnet to a polarized state with nonzero stray fields at the edges. This change in the magnetic state causes a drastic modification on the superconductor/normal-state phase boundary of the hybrid sample. In the polarized state a re-entrant transition line and a strong broadening of the phase boundary are observed. [less ▲]

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See detailA Critical Investigation of the Concept of Life: Canguilhem or Bergson
Wong, Tai Tak Andy ULiege

Conference (2011, December 08)

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See detailCritical issues in parameter calibration of cyclic models for steel members
Francavilla, Antonella Bianca ULiege; Chisari, Corrado; Latour, Massimo et al

in Engineering Structures (2017), 132

Accurate response predictions of steel structures subjected to earthquake loading involve the use of models able to simulate properly the cyclic behaviour of the regions where nonlinear phenomena take ... [more ▼]

Accurate response predictions of steel structures subjected to earthquake loading involve the use of models able to simulate properly the cyclic behaviour of the regions where nonlinear phenomena take place. In case of full-strength joints, they are represented by the members connected, which may present softening response due to local buckling. Even though a number of phenomenological models have been developed in the last decades, their calibration seems to have received less attention. Usually, calibration is based on matching the experimental and numerical cyclic responses under loading protocols proposed by standards. Since these were not developed to this aim, the predictive capability of so calibrated models deserves investigation. In this work, a calibration procedure based on the minimisation of response misfit is presented and critically discussed, with reference to an experimental programme carried out at the University of Salerno. Different assumptions about the function to minimise, the ultimate rotation and number of objectives are compared and analysed. The main outcome of this investigation is that a calibration based on cyclic response only is not robust, since its accuracy under different loading conditions may deteriorate. The introduction of the monotonic test in a multi-objective framework may be effective, and its accuracy is confirmed by the results of pseudo-dynamic tests. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical issues in translational and clinical research for the study of new technologies to enhance bone repair.
Goldhahn, Jorg; Mitlak, Bruce; Aspenberg, Per et al

in Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume (2008), 90 Suppl 1

Osteoporosis increases fracture risk, especially in metaphyseal bone. Fractures seriously impair function and quality of life and incur large direct and indirect costs. Although the prevention of ... [more ▼]

Osteoporosis increases fracture risk, especially in metaphyseal bone. Fractures seriously impair function and quality of life and incur large direct and indirect costs. Although the prevention of fractures is certainly the option, a fast and uneventful healing process is optimal when fractures do occur. Many new therapeutic strategies have been developed to accelerate fracture-healing or to diminish the complication rate during the course of fracture-healing. However, widely accepted guidelines are needed to demonstrate the positive or negative interactions of bioactive substances, drugs, and other agents that are being used to promote fracture-healing. For each study design, the primary study goal should be indicated. Outcome variables should include both objective and subjective parameters. The guidelines should be harmonized between European and American regulatory authorities to ensure comparability of results of studies and to foster global harmonization of regulatory requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical Life: Bergson, Canguilhem and the Critical Investigation of Life and the Living
Wong, Tai Tak Andy ULiege

Doctoral thesis (2016)

The objective of my research is to offer a critical investigation of life and the living according to Bergson and Canguilhem. The ‘critical’ perspective in this investigation refers to the exploration of ... [more ▼]

The objective of my research is to offer a critical investigation of life and the living according to Bergson and Canguilhem. The ‘critical’ perspective in this investigation refers to the exploration of the difficulty, controversy and significance of the problematic concept of life in these two different forms of philosophy of life. For Bergson and Canguilhem, it is life that generates questions about knowledge of life and the living. Although Bergson and Canguilhem develop their metaphysical and epistemological approaches of life respectively, they both stand for the reciprocity between life and knowledge. Throughout this critical investigation of their philosophies of life, I would argue that there is continuity between Bergson and Canguilhem on their reflections of the knowledge and thought of life. However, thus far, there has been no recent research that has concentrated on this discussion and clarified the difference between them. This investigation, for this reason, is an attempt to understand the concept of life according to Bergson and Canguilhem from a critical perspective. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (7 ULiège)
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See detailCritical machine cluster identification using the equal area criterion
Weckesser, Johannes ULiege; Jóhannsson, Hjörtur; Østergaard, Jacob

in Proceedings of 2015 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (2015)

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See detailCritical metals in sphalerites from Belgian MVT deposits
Goffin, Vincent; Evrard, Maxime ULiege; Pirard, Eric ULiege

in André-Mayer, Anne-Sylvie; Cathelineau, Michel; Muchez, Philippe (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 13th SGA Biennial Meeting (2015, August)

Belgium hosts a series of well documented low temperature, carbonate hosted, lead-zinc veins and lenses clearly categorized as MVT deposits. This paper revisits the distribution of trace elements in ... [more ▼]

Belgium hosts a series of well documented low temperature, carbonate hosted, lead-zinc veins and lenses clearly categorized as MVT deposits. This paper revisits the distribution of trace elements in sphalerites from Belgian deposits with a special focus on Ge, Ga and In. By comparing with a database of worldwide deposits, this paper shows that Belgian sphalerites do not display a classical substitution pattern involving Cu+. Instead, multivariate analysis points towards similarities with the Tres Marias deposit in Mexico, although the explanation of coupled substitution with Fe++ does not seem to apply in the present case. From the limited set of sphalerites analysed in this paper, the following rithmetic means are obtained: m(Ge) = 302 ppm, m(Ga) = 2.2 ppm and m(In) < 0.06 ppm. These average values should not hide the fact that a wide variability does exist from one deposit to the other and within zoned colloform sphalerites of the same deposit. Further nd systematic work is required to better evaluate the resource and understand the mechanisms responsible for Ge incorporation into sphalerite. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 51 (7 ULiège)